FirearmsModelLaw_FINAL_Dec 2011_V1187858_EA
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FirearmsModelLaw_FINAL_Dec 2011.doc (English)MODEL LAW AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, THEIR PARTS AND COMPONENTS AND AMMUNITION V1187858.doc (Arabic)
Model Law against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition;Preface;Contents;Part One. Introductory provisions;Chapter I. General provisions;Chapter II. Definitions;Part Two. Mandatory provisions;Section A. Preventive measures;Chapter III. Manufacturing;Chapter IV. Marking;Chapter V. Record-keeping;[Chapter VI. Deactivation of firearms;Chapter VII. Import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition;Section B. Penal and provisional provisions;Chapter VIII. Criminal offences: illicit manufacturing;Chapter IX. Criminal offences: illicit trafficking;Chapter X. Criminal offences: marking;[Chapter XI. Criminal offences: offences specific todeactivated firearms;Chapter XII. Criminal provisions: ancillary offences;Chapter XIII. Seizure, confiscation and disposal;Chapter XIV. Jurisdiction;Section C. International cooperation;Chapter XV. Information exchange and international cooperation;Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions;Section A. Must-consider provisions;Chapter XVI. Brokers and brokering activities;Section B. Optional provisions;Chapter XVII. Simplified procedures for temporary import, export and transit;Annex I. Additional considerations;Annex II. List of relevant instruments and documents;Annex III. National deactivation standards;Annex IV. Destruction methods;Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austriaقانون نموذجي لمكافحة صنع الأسلحة النارية وأجزائها ومكوّناتها وذخيرتها والاتجار بها بصورة غير مشروعة;تمهيد;المحتويات;الجزء الأول- أحكام تمهيدية ;الفصل الأول- أحكام عامة;الفصل الثاني- التعاريف;الجزء الثاني- الأحكام الإلزامية;القسم ألف- التدابير الوقائية;الفصل الثالث- الصنع;الفصل الرابع- الوسم ;الفصل الخامس- حفظ السجلات;الفصل السادس- تعطيل الأسلحة النارية;الفصل السابع- استيراد الأسلحة النارية وأجزائها ومكوناتها وذخيرتها وتصديرها وعبورها ;القسم باء- الأحكام الجنائية والأحكام المؤقتة;الفصل الثامن- الأفعال الجنائية: الصنع غير المشروع;الفصل التاسع- الأفعال الإجرامية: الاتجار غير المشروع;الفصل العاشر- الأفعال الإجرامية: الوسم ;الفصل الحادي عشر- الجرائم الجنائية: جرائم تعطيل الأسلحة النارية;الفصل الثاني عشر- الأحكام الجنائية: الجرائم الفرعية;الفصل الثالث عشر- الضبط والمصادرة والتصرف;الفصل الرابع عشر- الولاية القضائية;الفرع جيم- التعاون الدولي;الفصل الخامس عشر- تبادل المعلومات والتعاون الدولي;الجزء الثالث- الأحكام غير الإلزامية;الفرع ألف- الأحكام غير الإلزامية;الفصل السادس عشر- عمل السماسرة وأنشطة السمسرة;الفرع باء- أحكام اختيارية;الفصل السابع عشر- إجراءات مبسطة بشأن الاستيراد والتصدير والعبور مؤقتا;المرفق الأول- اعتبارات إضافية;المرفق الثاني- قائمة الصكوك والوثائق ذات الصلة;المرفق الثالث- المعايير الوطنية للتعطيل;المرفق الرابع- طرق التدمير;Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria
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*1182761*V.11-87858—December 2013
United Nations publicationةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق
Printed in Austriaةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�
Sales No. E.11.V.9اهتيرخذو اهتانّوكمو اهئازجأاو
USD 32ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو
ISBN 978-92-1-133712-9ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانّوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق
V.11-82761—July 2011—220cover arabic.indd 1 09/11/2013 01:05:37 ﻡ ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق
Model Law against the Illicitةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�
Manufacturing of and Traffickingاهتيرخذو اهتان
in Firearms, Their Parts andّ
Components and Ammunitionوكمو اهئازجأاو
Model Law against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in FirearmsUNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIMEةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو
Model Law against theةيمرلجاو تار ِّدخلماب ينعلما ةدحتلما ممألا بتكم
Illicit Manufacturing of and Traffickingانييف
in Firearms, Their Parts andةدحتلما ممألا
Components and Ammunition2013 ,كرويوين.عمجأا لماعلا في ,ةظوفمح قوقلحا عيمج .2013 برمس�يد/لوألا نوناك ,ةدحتلما ممألا ©
UNITED NATIONSِّيأا نع بارعإلا ىلع اهن
Vienna, 2011Noteَّ
Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital lettersمس�تي يتلا ةدالما ض�رع ةقيرط لو روس�نلما اذه في ةم َدختس�لما تايمس�تلا يوطنت ل
combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a reference toةقطنم وأا ةنيدم وأا ميلقإا وأا دلب
a United Nations document.ِّيأل نيوناقلا زكرلما نأاس�ب ةدحتلما ممألل ةماعلا ةنامألا بناج نم ناك يأار
UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION.اهموخت وأا اهدودح ينيعت نأاس�ب وأا اهيف ةمئاقلا تاطلس�لل وأا
Sales No. E.11.V.9:لياتلا ناونعلا لىإا تابلطلا هذه لاس�رإا يغبنيو .ض�نلا اذه خاس�نتس�ا قح ىلع لوس�حلل تابلط
ISBN 978-92-1-133712-9ِّيأاب ب
eISBN 978-92-1-054985-1َّ
© United Nations, July 2011. All rights reserved.حريو
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply.Secretary, United Nations Publications Board, United Nations Headquarters, New York, N.Y. 10017, U.S.A
the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nationsةيموكلحا تاس�س�ؤولماو تاموكحلل زوجيو .https://unp.un.org/Rights.aspx :نيوتركلإلا ةئيهلا عقوم
concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, orً
concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.اس�يأا رظناو
Requests for permission to reproduce this work are welcomed and should be sent to the Secretary.كلذب ةدحتلما ممألا مِ لعُتو هردس�م ركذت نأا ىلع ,كلذب نذإا رادس�تس�ا نود ض�نلا اذه خس�نتس�ت نأا
of the Publications Board, United Nations Headquarters, New York, N.Y. 10017, U.S.A. or also.انييف في ةدحتلما ممألا بتكم ,ةبتكلماو تاروس�نلماو ةيزيلكنإلا ةغللا مس�ق :جاتنإا نم روس�نلما اذهiii
see the website of the Board: https://unp.un.org/Rights.aspx. Governments and their institutions*
may reproduce this work without prior authorization but are requested to mention the sourceدـيهتم
and inform the United Nations of such reproduction.ةحفاكلم يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه )بتكلما( ةيمرلجاو تاردخلماب ينعلما ةدحتلما ممألا بتكم
Publishing production: English, Publishing and Library Section, United Nations Office at Vienna.iiiَ ع َس�
Prefaceَ
*و
The Model Law against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition was developed by theهردس�أاو ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ءاس�عألا لودلا دو���هج زيزعت ىلع لمعلاب ما���علا ينمألا لىإا ة���ماعلا ة���يعملجا ب���لطل
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in response to theًة���باجتس�ا ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتا لىإا اهمامس�نا لىإا
request of the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to promote andً ايعس� اهيلإا ةدعاس�لما يمدقتو ىلع يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه
assist the efforts of Member States to become party to and implement theّدع
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimeُ
1أا دقو
and the)2(
Protocols thereto..اهذيفنتو اهب ةقحللما تلو���كوتوبرلاو
2)1(
It was developed in particular to assist States in implementing a legislative regime consistent with the provisions contained in theة���ينطولا بر���ع ماكحألا عم ىس�امتي يعيرس�ت ماظن قيبطت في لودلا لىإا ةدعاس�لما يمدقت ةيغب ض�وس�لخا هجو
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms,اهب راتجلاو ةيرخذلاو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكم لوكوتورب في ةدراولا
Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United)3(
Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime..ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتل ل
3ّ
Consequently,مكلما ,ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب
the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention againstةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتا في فارطألا ر���تمؤوم ث���ح ,ه���يلعو
Transnational Organized Crime, in its decision 4/6, adopted at its fourthلوكوتورب في فارطألا لود���لا ,ةعبارلا هترود في هد���متعا يذ���لا ,6/4 رر���قلما في ا���هتلوكوتوربو
session, urged States parties to the Firearms Protocol to strengthen theirلىإا بلطو ,لوكوتوبرلا ع���م قس�ّتم وحن ىلع ةينطولا ا���هتاعيرس�ت ز���يزعت ى���لع ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
national legislation in a manner consistent with the Protocol, and requestedيتلا فارطألا لودلا لىإا ة���ينقتلا ةدعاس�لما يمدقت ,كلذ ا���هل ن���كمأا ا���مثيح ,ل���
the Secretariat to facilitate, whenever possible, technical assistance to Statesّ
parties facing difficulties in its implementation; and also requested the Secretariat to develop technical assistance tools to assist States parties in theهس�ت نأا ة���نامألا
implementation of the Firearms Protocol.ةدعاس�ملل تاودأا ثادحتس�ا ةنامألا لىإا اس�يأا فارطألا رتمؤوم بلطو .هذيفنت في تابوعس� هجاوت
The Model Law is also a response to the specific technical assistance.ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب ذيفنت في ءاس�عألا لودلا ةدعاس�م ةيغب ةينقتلا
needs identified by Member States in the questionnaires/checklist used toلودلا اهتددح يتلا ةس�الخا ةينقتلا تاجايتحلل ةباجتس�ا اس�يأا يجذومنلا نوناقلا يتأايو
gather information and assess the implementation of the Organized Crimeةيقافتلا ذيفنت مييقتو تامولعلما عملج ة���لمعتس�لما ةيعجرلما ة���مئاقلا/تانايبتس�لا في ءا���س�عألا
Convention and the Protocols thereto,يجذونم نوناق لىإا ةجالحا لىإا هيف لودلا نم ديدعلا تراس�أا يذلاو
4)4(
in which many States indicated theاهب ةقحللما تلوكوتوبرلاو
need for model legislation or guidelines in order to harmonize domestic.اهتلوكوتوربو ةيقافتلا تا���بلطتم عم ةيلخادلا تاعيرس�تلا ةمءلم د���س�ق ة���يهيجوت ئدا���بم وأا
legislation with the requirements of the Convention and its Protocols. Theيعيرس�تلا لاجلما في بتكلما اهمدقي يتلا ةدعاس�لما ل
Model Law will both facilitate and help systematize provision of legislativeّ
assistance by the Convention as well as facilitate review and amendment ofهس�ي نأا يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نأاس� نمو
1اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذومنلا نو���ناقلا ءوس�نل ةييرس�فت ة���ظوحلم ة���باثبم ة���م ّدقلما هذ���ه
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2225, No. 39574.*
2ض�ن نم اءزج تس�يل يهو ؛ه���قايس�و نوناقلا اذه ةعيبطو ,ةعورس�م ير���غ ةروس�ب ا���هب را���تجلاو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو
Ibid., vols. 2237, 2241 and 2326, No. 39574..هس�فن يجذومنلا نوناقلا
3.39574 مقرلا ,2225 دلجلما ,تادهاعلما ةعوممج ,ةدحتلما ممألا
Ibid., vol. 2326, No. 39574.)1(
4.39574 مقرلا ,2326و 2241و 2237 تادلجلما ,هس�فن عجرلما
See the note by the Secretariat on an overview of technical assistance needs identified by States)2(
in their responses to the questionnaires/checklist on the implementation of the United Nations Convention.39574 مقرلا ,2326 دلجلما ,هس�فن عجرلما )3( في لودلا اهتد ّدح يتلا ةينقتلا ةد���عاس�لما نم تاجايتحلا نع ةلممج ة���حلم" ة���نونعلما ة���نامألا ةر���كذم ر���ظنا )4( ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتا ذيفنتب ةقلعتلما ةيعجرلما ةمئاقلا/تانايبتس�لا ىلع اهدودر
against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto (CTOC/COP/WG.2/2009/2) and theةدعاس�لما تابلطل ماع ض�ارعتس�ا" نونعلما ةلس�لا اذ ريرقتلاو (CTOC/COP/WG.2/2009/2) "اهب ةقحللما تلوكوتوبرلاو
related report on an overview of technical assistance requests made by States through the questionnaires/ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتا ذيفنت نأاس�ب ةيعجرلما مئاوقلا/تانايبتس�لا للخ نم لودلا نم ةمدقلما ةينقتلا
checklist on the implementation of the Convention (CTOC/COP/WG.2/2009/3)..(CTOC/COP/WG.2/2009/3) "اهب ةقحللما تلوكوتوبرلاو ةينطولا برع ةمظنلماiv
*ةمئاقلا تاعيرس�تلا ةعجاربم اهس�فن لودلا مايق ليهس�ت هنأاس� نم امك ,ا���هتجهنم ى���لع د���عاس�يو
The present preface is intended as an explanatory note on the genesis, nature and scope of the,ةلود لك تاجايتحل
Model Law against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Componentsً
and Ammunition; it is not part of the text of the Model Law.ivاقفو فييكتلل ةلباق ةغيس�ب ّدعم وهو .ةديدج تاعيرس�ت دامتعاو اهليدعتو
existing legislation and adoption of new legislation by States themselves..
Itةيفارغلجاو ةيفاقثلاو ةيداس�تقلاو ةيعامتجلا اهعاس�وأاو ةينوناقلا اهمظن تناك ا
is designed to be adaptable to the needs of each State, whatever its legalًّ
tradition and social, economic, cultural and geographical conditions.يأا
The Model Law is divided into three parts::ءازجأا ةثلث لىا يجذومنلا نوناقلا مس�قنيو
Part One (Introductory provisions) contains Model Law text on theماكحألاب ق���لعتلما يجذومنلا نو���ناقلا ض����ن ن���مس�تي )ة���يديهمتلا ماك���حألا( لوألا ءز���لجا
introductory provisions and definitions States may choose to include inدقو .ةيلخادلا اهتاعيرس�ت في ا���هجاردإا راتخت نأا لود���لل زوجي ي���تلا ف���يراعتلاو ة���يديهمتلا
their domestic legislation.ىلع ةولعو .
Terms used in the Firearms Protocol areفيراعتلا نمس� ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب في ةلمعتس�لما تاحلطس�لما تجردأا
included in the definitions..
Additionally, draft definitions are suggestedيجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه في ةلمعتس�م ىرخأا تاحلطس�لم فيراعت عيراس�م حترقُت ,كلذ
for other terms used in the present Model Law.ماكحألا عيمجب قلعتلما يجذومنلا نوناقلا ض�ن نمس�تي )ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا( نياثلا ءزلجا
Part Two (Mandatory provisions) contains Model Law text on all theاهتاعيرس�ت في ا���هجاردإا نامس� لودلا ى���لع ينعتي ي���تلا لو���كوتوبرلا في ةدراو���لا ة���يمازلإلا
mandatory provisions of the Firearms Protocol that States are requiredي باقرلا ميظنتلا لىإا ةيمارلا ة���يئاقولا يربادتلاب ةقلعتلما َلوس�فلا اذ���ه ل���مس�يو .ة���يلخادلا
to ensure are included in their domestic legislation. This includes chapters on preventive measures aimed at regulating the manufacturing,اهلقنو اهتلجس� ظفحو ا���همس�وو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ع���نس�ل
marking, record-keeping and international transfers of firearms, theirيربادتلا نم ةقثبنلما ة���يمازلإلا ةيئانلجا ماكحألا ءزلجا اذ���ه لوس�ف في در���ت ا���مك .ا���يلود
parts and components and ammunition..
The mandatory penal provisionsةيمازلإلا ليودلا نواعتلا يربادتو ةيئاقولا في ةدراولا ماكحألا ل���يس�فتلا نم ردقب لوانتي )ةيمازلإلا ير���غ ماك���حألا( ث���لاثلا ءز���لجا
that derive from the preventive measures and the mandatory international cooperation measures are also included in chapters in this part.لودلا ىلع ينعتي ي���تلا ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأاو ةر���س�امس�لا نأا���س�ب ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا لو���كوتورب
Part Three (Non-mandatory provisions) elaborates on provisions in theفي دراولا مكلحا ءز���لجا اذه لوانتي امك .ةينطولا ا���هتاعيرس�ت ن���مس� ا���هجاردإا في ر���ظنلا
Firearms Protocol on brokers and brokering activities that States areريدس�تو دايرتس�ا نأاس�ب ةط
required to consider for inclusion in their national legislation. It alsoّ
discusses the provision in the Protocol whereby States may adopt simplified procedures for the temporary import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.س�بم تاءارجإا دمتعت نأا لودلل هبجوبم زوجي يذلا لوكوتوبرلا
Annex I (Additional considerations) contains other provisions that States.اتقؤوم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا روبعو
can also consider for inclusion in their national legislation. These provisionsفي رظنت نأا اس�يأا لودلل نكيم ىرخأا اماكحأا نمس�تي )ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا( لوألا قفرلما
are included to assist States in developing comprehensive legislation onتاعيرس�ت عس�و في لودلا ةدعاس�لم ماكحألا هذه تجردأا د���قو .ة���ينطولا ا���هتاعيرس�ت في ا���هجاردإا
various aspects of firearms regulation.نم ةدمتس�م تاحترقلما هذهو .
These suggestions stem from otherي���باقرلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ميظنت بناوج ف���لتمخ نأا���س�ب ة���لماس�
international instruments and national practice.)5( .ةينطولا ةس�راملما نمو ىرخأا ةيلود كوكس�
5لوكوتورب تا���يس�تقم حس�وي اقيلعت ي���جذومنلا نوناقلا ن���م م���كحو ل���س�ف لك ن���مس�تيو
Each chapter and Model Law provision includes a commentary thatة���بجاولا ة���يانعلا ت���لذ
explains the requirements of the Firearms Protocol and indicates the sourceُ ب د���قو .لو���كوتوبرلا ل���خاد م���كلحا رد���س�م ين���بيو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
of the provision within the Protocol. Due regard is also given to the inter 5ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةلأاس�م تعس�
The international legal regime on firearms started to develop in the 1990s, when increasing concernُ و ينح تاينيعس�تلا في روطتي ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب قلعتلما ليودلا نيوناقلا ماظنلا أادب
for the proliferation of (illicit) firearms brought the issue of illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in)5(
firearms onto the international agenda. Since then, several global and regional instruments have beenةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا راس�تنا نأاس�ب ديازتلما قلقلا لعفب ليودلا لامعألا لودج ىلع ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ةيرانلا
adopted, both legally and non-legally binding in nature. Most of these instruments have either precededهذه بلغأاو .اينوناق ةمزلم يرغو ةمزلم ,ةيميلقإاو ة���يلود كوكس� ةدع تدمتعا ,ينلحا ك���لذ ذ���نمو .)ة���عورس�لما ير���غ(
or influenced the adoption of the Firearms Protocol (e.g. the Inter-American Convention against the Illicitعينس�ت ةحفاكلم ةيكيرمألا ناد���لبلا ةيقافتا لثم( ه���يف رثأا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لو���كوتورب دا���متعا ق���بس� ا���مإا كو���كس�لا
Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials ofوأا )1997 ,ةعورس�م ير���غ ةقيرطب اهب راتجلاو ةلس�لا تاذ ىر���خألا داولماو تار���جفتلماو ةير���خذلاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
1997) or have been adopted after, building on and further developing the acquis of the Firearms Protocolعلطلل نياثلا قفرلما رظنا( اهريوطت ةلس�اوم مث ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب تابس�تكم نم ةدافتس�لاب ,هدعب تدمتعا
(see annex II for a detailed list of instruments)..
v)كوكس�لاب ةلس�فلما ةمئاقلا ىلع ة���يقافتل ة���يعيرس�تلا ة���لدألاو
pretative notes for the travaux préparatoires of the Protocol,)6(
6لو���كوتوبرلل ة���ييرس�حتلا لا���معألل ة���ييرس�فتلا تا���ظوحللماب
the Legislativeكلذكو
Guides for the Implementation of the United Nations Convention against)7(
Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto,,اهب ةقحللما تلو���كوتوبرلاو ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ة���يمرلجا ة���حفاكلم ةد���حتلما ممألا
7لوس�فلا ىلع تا���قيلعتلاو
as well as the)8( .ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا لو���كوتورب ذيفنتل ل���بقلما ي���نقتلا ب���تكلما ل���يلد
forthcoming UNODC technical guide to the implementation of the Firearmsماكحأا عم ناترقلاب أارقت نأا يغبنيو ي���جذومنلا نوناقلا نم أازجتي ل ءز���ج ة���يدرفلا ماك���حألاو
Protocol..يجذومنلا نوناقلا لوكوتورب ذيفنت ى���لع لودلا ةد���عاس�م لىإا لوألا ما���قلما في ي���جذومنلا نو���ناقلا فد���هيو
8ل يجذومنلا نوناقلا نأا امك .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم لماس� اكس� ض�يل وهو .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا
The commentaries to the chapters and individual provisions areدق )ةيميظنت مأا ةيرادإا مأا ةيئانج تناك ءاوس�( ىر���خأا ةيعيرس�ت ماكحأل ة���حترقم ا���غيس� مد���قي
an integral part of the Model Law and should be read in conjunction withلىإا ةفاس�إلاب ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل نوناق رارقإل ةجيتن اهتمءلمو اهس�ارعتس�ا لىإا ةجالحا وعدت
its provisions..يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه في ةرس�ابم اهيلإا راس�لما ماكحألا
The Model Law is designed primarily to assist States in their implementation of the Firearms Protocol. It is not an exhaustive instrument forكلذكو ,ةيئانلجا لئاس�لما في ليود���لا نواعتلاب ةلس�لا تاذ نوؤوس�لا نأا���ب د���يكأاتلا ي���غبنيو
firearms control. The Model Law also does not provide suggested language,لاومألا لس�غو ة���لادعلا يرس� ةلقرعو دا���س�فلاو ةم َّظنم ة���يمارجإا ة���عامج في ة���كراس�لما م���ئارج
for other legislative (criminal, administrative or regulatory) provisions thatكلذلو .ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةيقافتا في
may need to be reviewed and adapted as a consequence of the adoption ofًلس�أا درت ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب راتجلا قفارت ام
a firearms law beyond those directly referred to in the present Model Law.ً
It should be emphasized that matters related to international cooperationايرثك يتلا
in criminal matters, as well as crimes of participation in an organized criminalعس�و نمو ,ةيقافتلا ماكحأا ع���م ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب ماكحأا قيبطتو ةءار���ق ن���م
group, corruption, obstruction of justice and money-laundering, which oftenّد���ب ل���ف
accompany trafficking in firearms, are contained in the Organized Crimeيغبني ,كلذ لىإا ةفاس�إاو .اس�يأا ةيقافتلا لب ,
Convention. It is therefore essential that the provisions of the Firearms Protocol be read and applied together with the provisions of the Convention andُ
that domestic legislation is developed to implement not only the Protocol butبس�حف لو���كوتوبرلا ذ���يفنتل ل ة���يلخاد تا���عيرس�ت
also the Convention. In addition, any legislation on illicit manufacturing ofاهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ع���نس� نأا���س�ب ع���يرس�ت
and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shouldّيأا نو���كي نأا اهماظنل ةيس�اس�ألا ميهافلماو ةينعلما ةلودلل ةيروتس�دلا ئدابلما عم
be in line with a State’s constitutional principles, the basic concepts of itsً
legal system and its existing legal structure and enforcement arrangements.ايس�امتم ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب
Further, definitions used in such legislation on illicit manufacturing of andيغبني ,كلذ نع لس�فو .ينناوقلا ذافنإاب ةس�الخا اهتابيترتو مئاقلا نيوناقلا اهناينبو نيوناقلا
trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shouldاهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب ةقلعتلما تاعيرس�تلا في ةم َدختس�لما فيراعتلا نوكت نأا
be consistent with similar definitions used in other laws. The Model Law isفي ةمدختس�لما فيراعتلا نم اههباس�ي ام عم ةقس�ّتم ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو
not meant to be incorporated as a whole and a careful review of the wholeيغبني لب ,يلخادلا نوناقلا في لكك يجذومنلا نوناقلا جاردإا دس�قلا ض����يلو .ىر���خألا ين���ناوقلا
legislative context of a given State should be undertaken. In that respect, theض�وس�لخا اذه في ركذ
Model Law cannot stand alone and domestic legislation also implementingُ
the provisions of the Convention is essential for it to be effective.يو .ةينعلما ة���لودلا في لكك يعيرس�تلا قايس�لل ق���يقد ض����ارعتس�اب ما���يقلا
States may choose to legislate with respect to a broader range of weaponsةيلحلما تاعيرس�تلا نإا ذإا ,ينناوقلا نم هيرغ نع ٍلزعبم يجذومنلا نوناقلاب لمعلا نكيم ل هنأا
and adopt additional measures to those provided for by the Convention and.هذافن في ةيرهوج ةيمهأا تاذ اس�يأا ةيقافتلا ماكحأل ةذِّفنلما
the Protocol to prevent and combat illicit manufacturing of and trafficking inيربادت دامتعاو عس�وأا قاطن ىلع ةحلس�ألا لوانتت تا���عيرس�ت
6ّنس� را���تخت نأا لود���لا ع���س�وبو
Interpretative notes for the official records (travaux préparatoires) of the negotiation of theةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكمو عنم دس�ق لوكوتوبرلاو ةيقافتلا ه���يلع ض�نت ا���م لىإا ة���فاس�إلاب ىر���خأا
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Componentsكلذب لس�تي امو ,ةعورس�م ير���غ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا
and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimev
(A/55/383/Add.3).ةحفاكم لوكوتورب لو���ح ض�وافتلا ةيلمعل )"ةييرس�حتلا لا���معألا"( ةيمس�رلا ق���ئاثولل ة���ييرس�فت تا���ظوحلم
7)6(
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.05.V.2.ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتل ل
8ّ
The UNODC technical guide was developed by UNODC between 2007 and 2010 and will provideمكلما ,ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ةيرخذلاو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�
practical examples and advice to Member States on how to implement particular aspects of the Firearms.(A/55/383/Add.3) ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم
Protocol.vi.E.05.V.2 عيبلما مقر ,ةدحتلما ممألا تاروس�نم
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and related transnational)7(
organized crime, bearing in mind that any investigation, prosecution or otherمدقت يهو 2010و 2007 ينب ام ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلما ةيمرلجاو تاردخلماب ي���نعلما ةد���حتلما ممألا ب���تكم ع���س�و
procedures outside the scope of the Convention or the Protocol would not be)8(
covered by the various requirements to provide international cooperation..ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتوبرل ةس�الخا بناولجا ض�عب ذيفنت ةيفيك نأاس�ب ءاس�عألا لودلا لىإا ةروس�لماو ةيلمع ةلثمأاvi
The work on the UNODC Model Law against the Illicit Manufacturingوأا ةقحلم وأا قيقتح يأا ّنأا رابتعلا في عس�ت نأا ىلع ,ةينطولا دودلحا برع ةبكترم مئارج نم
of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionنواعتلا تايس�تقم فلتخبم ةلومس�م يرغ لوكوتوبرلا وأا ةيقافتلا قاطن جرا���خ ىر���خأا تاءار���جإا
has been carried out by the Organized Crime and Illicit Trafficking Branch,.ليودلا
Division for Treaty Affairs, of UNODC. Two consultant drafters, Clare daنوؤوس� ةبعس�ل ع���باتلا عورس�لما ير���غ راتجلاو ة���م َّظنلما ة���يمرلجاب ي���نعلما عر���فلا ع���لطس�يو
Silva and Sarah Parker, assisted the Office. A group of expertsرداس�لا يجذومنلا نوناقلا دادعإاب ةيمرلجاو تاردخلماب ينعلما ةدحتلما ممألا بتكبم تادهاعلما
9,ةغايس�لا في ناتيراس�تس�ا ناتيربخ امهو ,ر���كراب ةراس�و افليس� اد يرلك تد���عاس�و .ب���تكلما ن���ع
in the fieldرادس�إاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ة���عانس� ناديم في
of firearms manufacturing, licensing and trafficking prevention from a variety)9(
of legal and geographical backgrounds were consulted to review the draftءابرلخا نم قيرف ن���م ب���ل
of the Model Law.ُطو .ه���لمع في
9َ
Experts from the following countries were invited to participate: Argentina, Australia,ب���تكلما نوناقلا ُض�ارعتس�ا ,ة���يفارغلجاو ةينوناقلا تايفللخا ىتس� ن���م ,اهب را���تجلا ع���نمو ا���هس�يخارت
Belgium, Brazil, Chile, China, Croatia, Ethiopia, Guatemala, India, Italy, Kenya, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru,.يجذومنلا ليزابرلاو ايلاطيإاو ادنغوأاو ايلاترس�أاو اينابس�إاو ينتنجرألاو ايبويثإا :ةيلاتلا نادلبلا نم ءابرخ روس�حلل يعُد
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Spain, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Uganda,)9( لاميتاوغو ينس�لاو يليس�و لاغنس�لاو اقباس� ةيفلس�وغويلا اينودقم ةيروهمجو ةدحتلما ايناز نت ةيروهمجو ويربو اكيجلبو
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania and United Statesرزجو تنس�نف ت���ناس�و اييرجينو ةيلامس�لا اد���نلريإاو ىمظعلا ايناطيبرل ةد���حتلما ة���كلملماو ك���يس�كلماو ا���ينيكو ا���يتاوركو
of America.ةنجلل ةيذيفنتلا ة���يريدلما :ةيلاتلا تامظنلما نع نولثمم ر���س�ح امك .
The following organizations were also represented: the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate, the United Nations Coordinating Action on Small Arms, the East African Community,ةيكيرمألا ةد���حتلما تا���يلولاو د���نهلاو ن���يدانيرغ
the European Commission, the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), the Organizationةيس�وفلماو ايقيرفأا قرس� ةعامجو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب ة���قلعتلما لامعألا قيس�نتل ةدحتلما ممألا ة���يلآاو با���هرإلا ة���حفاكم
for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organization and the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Useيميلقإلا نواعتلا ةمظنمو ابوروأا في نواعتلاو نمألا ةمظنمو )لوبترنإلا( ةيئانلجا ةطرس�لل ةيلودلا ةمظنلماو ةيبوروألا
Goods and Technologies. Civil society and private sector participants included the Group for Researchتايجولونكتلاو علس�لاو ةيديلقتلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت طباوس� نأاس�ب رانس�اف بيترتو يقيرفألا بونلجا في ةطرس�لا ءاس�ؤور ينب
and Information on Peace and Security, FN Herstal, the International Action Network on Small Arms,ملس�لا نأاس�ب تامولعلماو ثاحبألا ََةعوممج ض�الخا عاطقلاو نيدلما عمتجلما نم نوكراس�لما لمس�و .مادختس�لا ةجودزلما
the Italian National Association of Arms and Munitions Manufacturers (ANPAM), Saferworld, the Smallةحلس�ألا يعناس�ل ةيلاطيإلا ةينطولا ةطبارلاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب ةينعلما ليودلا لمعلا ةكبس�و FN Herstal ةكرس�و نمألاو
Arms Survey and the World Forum on the Future of Sport Shooting Activities.viiلبقتس�بم ينعلما يلماعلا ىدتنلماو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألل ةيئاس�قتس�لا ةس�اردلاو ,ةروس�لماو ركفلل Safeworld ةئيهو رئاخذلاو
Contents.ةيس�ايرلا ةيامرلا ةطس�نأاvii
Pageتايوتحلما
Preface .iii .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................. ...........
iiiديهتم 1 ������������������������������������������� ةيديهتم ماكحأا -لوألا ءزلجا
Part one. Introductory provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 ....................................... ةماع ماكحأا -لوألا لس�فلا
Chapter I. General provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 ............................................. ناونعلا 1 ةدالما
Article 1. Title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 .......................................... ذافنلا ءدب 2 ةدالما
Article 2. Commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 ............................... قيبطتلاو ةماعلا ض�ارغألا 3 ةدالما
Article 3. General purposes and application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 ......................................... فيراعتلا -نياثلا لس�فلا
Chapter II. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 ........................................... فيراعتلا 4 ةدالما
Article 4. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411 ����������������������������������������� ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
Part two. Mandatory provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1111 ....................................... ةيئاقولا يربادتلا -فلأا مس�قلا
Section A. Preventive measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1111 ........................................... عنس�لا -ثلاثلا لس�فلا
Chapter III. Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1111 .............................. ض�يخرت نود عنس�لا رظح -5 ةدالما
Article 5. Prohibition to manufacture without a licence . . . . . 1113 ............................ ينعناس�لل ض�يخترلا طورس� -6 ةدالما
Article 6. Licence conditions for a manufacturer’s licence . . . 1315 ........................................... مس�ولا -عبارلا لس�فلا
Chapter IV. Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1515 .......................................... ليوألا مس�ولا -فلأا
A. Initial markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1515 ........................ عنس�لا تقو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و -7 ةدالما
Article 7. Marking of firearms at the time of manufacture . . . 1517 ....................................... ةيفاس�إلا تاملعلا -ءاب
B. Additional markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Article 8. Marking of firearms at the time of import . . . . . . . 1717 ....................... دايرتس�لا دنع ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و -8 ةدالما
Article 9. Marking at the time of transfer from governmentلىإا ةيموكح تانوزمخ نم لقنلا تقو مس�ولا -9 ةدالما
stocks to civilian use .19 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......................................
19ةيندم تلامعتس�ا
Article 10. Marking at the time of disposal other than by20 ............يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب فرس�تلا تقو مس�ولا -10 ةدالما
destruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 [Article 11. Marking at the time of deactivation] . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Chapter V. Record-keeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 A. Records of transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2321 ................................. ]ليطعتلا تقو مس�ولا -11 ةدالما[
Article 12. Information on international transactions in firearms 2323 ...................................تلجس�لا ظفح -ض�مالخا لس�فلا 23 ....................................... تاقفس�لا تلجس� -فلأا 23 .......... ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةيلودلا تاقفس�لاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -12 ةدالما
Article 13. Information on international transactions in partsءازجألل ةيلودلا تاقفس�لاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -13 ةدالما
and components and ammunition .34 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . ....................................
24viiiةيرخذلاو تانوكلماو
Pageةحفس�لاviii
B. Records of manufacture and disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2525 ��������������������������������� فرص�تلاو عنص�لا تلاجص� -ءاب
Article 14. Information on items manufactured . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2525 �������������������� ةعونص�لما فانص�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -14 ةدالما
Article 15. Information on firearms disposed of other than byةقيرطب اهيف فرص�تلما ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -15 ةدالما
destruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2727 ���������������������������������� يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا
Article 16. Information on ammunition disposed of other thanىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرص�تلما ةيرخذلاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -16 ةدالما
by destruction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2828 ��������������������������������������� يرمدتلا يرغ اهتان ّ
Article 17. Information on seized and confiscated firearms,وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -17 ةدالما
their parts and components and ammunition . . . . . . 2929 �������������������������� ةرداص�لماو ةطوبص�لما اهتيرخذو
[Article 18. Information on deactivated firearms] . . . . . . . . . . . . 3030 ���������������� ]ةل َّطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -18 ةدالما[
C. Administrative requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3131 ���������������������������������������� ةيرادإلا طورص�لا -ميج
Article 19. Duration of record-keeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3131 ��������������������������������� تلاجص�لا ظفح ةدم -19 ةدالما
[Chapter VI. Deactivation of firearms] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3333 ���������������������������� ]ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا ليطعت -س�داص�لا لص�فلا[
[Article 20. Prohibition to deactivate a firearm without33 ���������������������� ]نذإا نود يران حلاص� ليطعت رظح -20 ةدالما[
authorization] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3334 ����������������������� ]يران حلاص� ليطعتب قبص�لما نذإلا -21 ةدالما[
[Article 21. Prior authorization to deactivate a firearm] . . . . . . . 3435 ������������������������������������ ليطعتلا ةقيرط -22 ةدالما[
[Article 22. Method of deactivation] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3536 �������������������������������� ]ليطعتلا نم ققحتلا -23 ةدالما[
[Article 23. Verification of deactivation] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3637 ������������������������������������ ةص�خرلا ميلص�ت -24 ةدالما[
[Article 24. Surrender of licence] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا دايرتص�ا -عباص�لا لص�فلا
Chapter VII. Import, export and transit of firearms, their parts38 ������������������������ اهروبعو اهريدص�تو اهتيرخذو
and components and ammunition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا دايرتص�اب ]نذإلا[ س�يخترلا
Licensing [authorization] of import, export and transit of38 ��������������������������������������������� اهروبعو اهريدص�تو
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition . . . . . . . . . . 38اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا دايرتص�ا رظح -25 ةدالما
Article 25. Prohibition of import, export and transit of38 ����������������� ]نذإا[ س�يخرت نودب اهروبعو اهريدص�تو
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition without a licence [authorization] . . . . . 38 Article 26. Verified or validated documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3939 �������������� اهتيحلاص� نم دكأاتلما وأا اهنم ققحتلما قئاثولا -26 ةدالما
Article 27. Application for an export licence [authorization] . . 4040 �������������� ريدص�تلاب ]نذإا[ ةص�خر ىلع لوص�لحا تابلط -27 ةدالما
Article 28. Application for an import licence [authorization] . . 4141 ������������������������� دايرتص�لا ]نذإا[ ةص�خر تابلط -28 ةدالما
Article 29. Particulars of an export or import licence42 �������������� دايرتص�لا وأا ريدص�تلا ]نذإا[ ةص�خر ليص�افت -29 ةدالما
[authorization] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4243 ���������������������������������� ميلص�تلا نم ققحتلا -30 ةدالما
Article 30. Delivery verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4344 ��������������������������� ةتقؤولما ماكحألاو ةيئانلجا ماكحألا -ءاب مص�قلا
Section B. Penal and provisional provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4448 ������������������� عورص�لما يرغ عنص�لا :ةيئانلجا لاعفألا -نماثلا لص�فلا
Chapter VIII. Criminal offences: illicit manufacturing . . . . . . . . . 4848 ���������������� ةعورص�م يرغ ةروص�ب ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا عنص� -31 ةدالما
Article 31. Illicit manufacturing of firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4849 ��������������� ةعورص�م يرغ ةروص�ب تانوكلماو ءازجألا عنص� -32 ةدالما
Article 32. Illicit manufacturing of parts and components . . . . 4950 ��������������������� ةعورص�م يرغ ةروص�ب ةيرخذلا عنص� -33 ةدالما
Article 33. Illicit manufacturing of ammunition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5051 ����������������� عورص�لما يرغ راتجلا :ةيمارجإلا لاعفألا -عص�اتلا لص�فلا
Chapter IX. Criminal offences: illicit trafficking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51ixةحفص�لاix
Page Article 34. Transnational transfers without legal authorization . . 5151 ...................... نيوناق نذإا نود دودلحا برع لقنلا -34 ةدالما
Article 35. Transnational transfers of unmarked/improperlyيرغ تاملعب ةموس�ولما/ةموس�ولما يرغ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لقن -35 ةدالما
marked firearms .51 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................
51دودلحا برع ةحيحس�
Chapter X. Criminal offences: marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5353 ............................ مس�ولا :ةيمارجإلا لاعفألا -رس�اعلا لس�فلا
Article 36. False markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5353 .................................... ةروزلما تاملعلا -36 ةدالما
Article 37. Removal and alteration of firearm markings . . . . . . 5454 .............. اهريوتحو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و تاملع ةلازإا -37 ةدالما
[Chapter XI. Criminal offences: offences specific to deactivated56 ..... ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ليطعت مئارج :ةيئانلجا مئارلجا -رس�ع يدالحا لس�فلا[
firearms] .56 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................
56عورس�لما يرغ ليطعتلا -38 ةدالما[
[Article 38. Illicit deactivation] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5658 ................. ةيعرفلا مئارلجا :ةيئانلجا ماكحألا -رس�ع نياثلا لس�فلا
Chapter XII. Criminal provisions: ancillary offences . . . . . . . . . . 5858 ........................................... عورس�لا -39 ةدالما
Article 39. Attempts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5859 ............................ ةيمرج باكترا ىلع ؤوطاوتلا -40 ةدالما
Article 40. Participating as an accomplice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59يرس�يتلا وأا ض�يرحتلا وأا ةدعاس�لما وأا هيجوتلا وأا ميظنتلا -41 ةدالما
Article 41. Organizing, directing, aiding, abetting, facilitating59 ................................... ةروس�لما ءادس�إا وأا
or counselling.60 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......................
59فرس�تلاو ةرداس�لماو طبس�لا -رس�ع ثلاثلا لس�فلا
Chapter XIII. Seizure, confiscation and disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6061 ........................ زجلحاو ثحبلا :ةرداس�لما نم ينكمتلا -فلأا
A. Enabling confiscation: search and seizure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6161 ....................................... ديرجتلاو ةرداس�لما -ءاب
B. Confiscation and forfeiture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6162 ................ اهب نوذأالما فرس�تلا قئارط نم هيرغ وأا يرمدتلا -ميج
C. Destruction or other authorized form of disposal . . . . . . . . . 6264 ............................... ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا -رس�ع عبارلا لس�فلا
Chapter XIV. Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6464 ................................. نوناقلا اذه قيبطت -42 ةدالما
Article 42. Application of this Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6466 .................................... ينبولطلما ميلس�ت -43 ةدالما
Article 43. Extradition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6667 .................................... ليودلا نواعتلا -ميج عرفلا
Section C. International cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6767 ................. ليودلا نواعتلاو تامولعلما لدابت -رس�ع ض�مالخا لس�فلا
Chapter XV. Information exchange and international67 .................................. ةينطولا لاس�تلا تاهج -فلأا
cooperation .67 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...............................
67ةينطو لاس�تا ةهج ءاس�نإا -44 ةدالما
A. National point of contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6769 .......................................... ليودلا نواعتلا -ءاب
Article 44. Establishment of a national point of contact . . . . . . 6771 ........................... رثألا ءافتقا ىلع ليودلا نواعتلا -ميج
B. International cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6971 ............................ ةيلودلا رثألا ءافتقا تابلط -45 ةدالما
C. International cooperation for the purposes of tracing . . . . . . 7173 ������������������������������������ ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
Article 45. International tracing requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7173 ............................... اهيف رظنلا بجاولا ماكحألا -فلأا عرفلا
Part three. Non-mandatory provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7373 ............... ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأاو ةرس�امس�لا لمع -رس�ع ض�داس�لا لس�فلا
Section A. Must-consider provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7374 ...................................... ةرس�امس�لا ليجس�ت -فلأا
Chapter XVI. Brokers and brokering activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73ةحفس�لاx
A. Registration of brokers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74x74 ..................................... ليجس�تلا طرس� -46 ةدالما
Page Article 46. Registration requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Article 47. Registration application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7575 ...................................... ليجس�تلا بلط -47 ةدالما
Article 48. Registration [authorization] criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7575 ............................... ]نذإلا[ ليجس�تلا يرياعم -48 ةدالما
Article 49. Review of a decision not to register [authorize] an76 ............ بلط مدقم ] �ل نذإلا[ ليجس�ت مدع رارق ةعجارم -49 ةدالما
applicant .76 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..........................
76راس�مس�لا ليجس�ت ديدتجو ةحس� -50 ةدالما
Article 50. Validity of broker registration and renewal . . . . . . . 76اهمدق يتلا تامولعلما في تايريغت عوقوب راعس�إلا -51 ةدالما
Article 51. Notification of changes in information furnished77 ..................................... ل َّ
by a registered broker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77جس�م راس�مس�
Article 52. Cancellation of registration as a broker . . . . . . . . . . 7777 ............................... راس�مس�ك ليجس�تلا ءاغلإا -52 ةدالما
Article 53. Record-keeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7777 .................................... تلجس�لا ظفح -53 ةدالما
B. Licence for [authorization of] brokering activities . . . . . . . . 7878 .................... ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازبم ]نذإلا[ ض�يخترلا -ءاب
Article 54. Requirement for a brokering licence . . . . . . . . . . . . 7878 .................. ةرس�مس�لاب ض�يخرت ىلع لوس�لحا طرس� -54 ةدالما
Article 55. Application for a brokering activity licence . . . . . . 7979 ..................... ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازلم ةس�خر بلط -55 ةدالما
Article 56. Criteria for assessing a brokering activity licenceةلوازلم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط مييقت يرياعم -56 ةدالما
application .80 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .....................................
80ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا
Article 57. General licences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8080 ..................................... ةماعلا ض�خرلا -57 ةدالما
Article 58. Revocation or amendment of a brokering activity81 ......... ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ليدعت وأا ءاغلإا -58 ةدالما
licence [authorization] .81 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .........
81ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازلم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا طورس� -59 ةدالما
Article 59. Licence conditions for a brokering activity licence . . 8182 ......... ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم -60 ةدالما
Article 60. Validity of a brokering activity licence83 ........................................ ةيرايتخا ماكحأا -ءاب عرفلا
[authorization] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا نأاس�ب ةطس�بم تاءارجإا -رس�ع عباس�لا لس�فلا
Section B. Optional provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8383 ................................. اتقؤوم روبعلاو ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لا ةس�خر نأاس�ب ةط
Chapter XVII. Simplified procedures for temporary import,ّ
export and transit .س�بلما تاءارجإلا -61 ةدالما 84 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......................................
83اتقؤوم روبعلا وأا
Article 61. Simplified procedures for a temporary import,84 ............................... تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر -62 ةدالما
export or transit permit .86 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...............................
84تقؤولما دايرتس�لا ةس�خر -63 ةدالما
Article 62. Temporary export permit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8488 ................................. تقؤولما روبعلا ةس�خر -64 ةدالما
Article 63. Temporary import permit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8688 .................................... لجس�لا ظفح -65 ةدالما
Article 64. Temporary transit permit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8889 ............ ةطس�بلما تاءارجإلا ماكحأل لاثتملا مدع مئارج -66 ةدالما
Article 65. Record-keeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88نودب تقؤولما روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لا -67 ةدالما 89 ..................................... ض�يخرت وأا نذإا
Article 66. Associated offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89تدروتس�ا يتلا ةلودلا يرغ ةلود لىإا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت -68 ةدالما
Article 67. Temporary import, export or transit without89 ........................................ اتقؤوم اهنم
permit or authorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89دايرتس�لا وأا ريدس�تلا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدبم ديقتلا مدع -69 ةدالما
Article 68. Exporting to a State other than the State from90 .................................... تقؤولما روبعلا وأا
which the firearms were temporarily imported . . . . 89ريدس�تلا ض�خر تارامتس�ا في ةللس�م وأا ةئطاخ تامولعم يمدقت -70 ةدالما
Article 69. Breaching the validity of a temporary export,90 ........................... تقؤولما روبعلا وأا دايرتس�لا وأا
import or transit permit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90ةحفس�لاxi
Article 70. Giving false or misleading information onتاقفرلما
temporary export, import or transit permit forms .91 .
..........................................
90xiةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا
Page141 .......................... ةلس�لا تاذ قئاثولاو كوكس�لا ةمئاق -نياثلا
Annexes149 .................................... ليطعتلل ةينطولا يرياعلما -ثلاثلا
I. Additional considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91155 ............................................ يرمدتلا قرط -عبارلا
II. List of relevant instruments and documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141ةحفس�لاةيديهتم ماكحأ� -لوأل� ءزلج�
III. National deactivation standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149قيلعتلا نكيم يتلا تافيرعتلاو ةيديهمتلا ماكحألاب قلعتلما يجذومنلا نوناقلا ص�ن لوألا ءزلجا نمض�تي
IV. Destruction methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1551.ةيلخادلا اهتاعيرض�ت نمض� اهجامدإا راتخت نأا لودلل ةماع ماكحأ� -لوأل� لص�فل�
Part one. Introductory provisionsقيلعتلا
Commentaryراتخت نأا لودلل زوجي ،تاعير���ض�تلا ةغاي���ض� في ةعبتلما ة���ض�راملماو ينطولا نيوناقلا ماظنلل اعبت
Part one contains Model Law text on the introductory provisions and definitionsداولما عيرا���ض�م نم دارلماو .هدامتعا ةيلمعو نوناقلل ماعلا قاطنلا
States may choose to include in their domestic legislation.ّن ���بت ماك���حأاو ة���جابيد جاردإا
Chapter I. General provisionsاهتاعير���ض�ت نم ةيديهمتلاو ةيللاهت���ض�لا ماكحألا كلت ةغاي���ض� في لودلا ةدعا���ض�م وه ةيلاتلا
Commentaryاهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ةحل���ض�ألا عن���ض� ةحفاكم لوكوتورب بجوبم ة���يمازلإا ت���ض�يل ي���هو ،ة���يلخادلا
Depending on the national legal system and legislative drafting practice,ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتل ل ّن مكلما ،ةعورض�م يرغ ةروض�ب اهب راتجلاو ةيرخذلاو اهتانوكمو
States may choose to introduce a preamble and provisions setting out the.ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا
general scope of the law and its adoption process. The following draft articlesناونعلا -1 ةدالما اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلض�ألا نوناق لاثم ،نوناقلا ناونع جرد ُ ي[ نوناقلا اذه ى ّن مض� ُ ي نأا زئالجا نم .]هدامتعا ةنض� جردُت[ ]ةلودلا مض�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل ]اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو قيلعتلا حب���ض�تو .كلذل اعبت اهفييكت يغبنيو ينطولا نيوناقلا ماظنلا ىلع مكلحا اذه ةغاي���ض� فقوتت عنض�ب ص�الخا نوناقلا اذه هبجوبم ردض�ي لقتض�م رخآا نوناق دوجو لاح في ةدئاز ةدالما هذه كلت فيو .ةعور���ض�م يرغ ةرو���ض�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحل���ض�ألا
are designed to assist States in drafting such preliminary and introductory:ناونعلا ىلع ةلثمألا نمو .رادض�إلا نوناق نمض� نوناقلا ناونع ر َكذ
provisions of their domestic legislation and are not mandatory under theُ
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Theirي ،ةلالحا
Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nationsةيرخذلاو ةحلض�ألا نوناق
Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.ةيرانلا ةحلض�ألا نوناق
Article 1. Titleةحلض�ألا نوناق
The present Law may be cited as the [title of the law, e.g. Law on Firearms,1 اهتيرخذو اهتان
Their Parts and Components and Ammunition] of [name of State] [year ofّ
adoption].وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 2
Commentaryذافنلا ءدب -2 ةدالما
The formulation of this provision depends on the national legal system and.]خيراتلا ج
should be adapted accordingly. This article is redundant when there is a separateَ
law promulgating the present law on illicit manufacturing of and trafficking inرد
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. In such a case the titleُ
of the law will be mentioned in the promulgation law. Examples of titles are:ي[ في نوناقلا اذه ذافن أادبي
Arms and Ammunition Actقيلعتلا
Firearms Act Weapons Law2 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Article 2. Commencement The present Law shall come into force on [date]. Commentary States should follow their legislative procedures governing commencement andةدالما هذه فييكت يغبنيو ذافنلا ءدب مظنت يتلا ةيعيرس�تلا اهتاءارجإا عا���بتا لود���لا ى���لع ين���عتي
this article of the Model Law should be adapted accordingly..كلذل اعبت يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم
Article 3. General purposes and applicationقيبطتلاو ةماعلا ض�ارغألا -3 ةدالما
1. The purposes of this Law are::يه نوناقلا اذه ض�ارغأا -1
(a) To prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of andةروس�ب اهب را ّتجلاو اهتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ع���نس� ع���نم )أا(
trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition;؛امهيلع ءاس�قلاو امهتحفاكمو ةعورس�م يرغ
(b) To ensure investigation and prosecution of the offences established؛اهيبكترم ةقحلمو نوناقلا اذه في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما مئارلجا في قيقحتلا نامس� )ب(
under the present Law; and (c) To promote, facilitate and strengthen national and internationalلجأا نم هزيزعتو ه���ليهس�تو ليودلاو ي���نطولا ن���يديعس�لا ى���لع نوا���عتلا ع���يجس�ت )ج(
cooperation in order to meet those objectives..فادهألا هذه قيقتح
Commentaryقيلعتلا
Source: Protocol, articles 2 and 4, paragraph 1..لوكوتوبرلا نم 4 ةدالما نم 1 ةرقفلاو 2 ةدالما :ردس�لما
In addition to general provisions regarding the title and commencement of theض�عب في مئللما نم نوكي دق ,هذافن ءدبو نوناقلا ناونعب ةقلعتلما ةماعلا ماكحألا لىإا ةفاس�إلاب
law, in some jurisdictions it may be appropriate to include provisions addressingنوكي نأا يغبنيو .هقيبطتو نو���ناقلل ةماعلا ض�ارغألا لوا���نتت ماك���حأا جاردإا ة���يئاس�قلا تا���يلولا
the general purposes and application of the law. A national law on firearms should be sufficiently comprehensive to prevent and combat illicit manufacturingةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكمو عنلم ةيافكلا هيف ابم ل���ماس� ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ق���لعتلما ي���نطولا نو���ناقلا
of and trafficking in firearms.في فارطألا رتمؤولم 6/4 ررقلما عم مجس�ني اذ���هو .
This is in line with decision 4/6 of the Conferenceةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب ا���هب را���تجلاو ة���يرانلا
of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organizedىلع ءاس�عألا لودلا ثحي ثيح ,ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتا
Crime, in which it urges States parties to strengthen their national legislation.لوكوتوبرلا عم قس�ّتم وحن ىلع ةينطولا اهتاعيرس�ت ززعت نأا
in a manner consistent with the Protocol.تاذ مئارلجا عنم في ,هنم 4 ةدالما بجوبم ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب قيبطت رس�حنيو
Article 4 limits the applicability of the Firearms Protocol to the prevention,اهنع يرحتلاو ,اهيف ةعلاس� ةم َّظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج نوكت يتلا ةينطولا دودحلل رباعلا عباطلا
investigation and prosecution of offences that are transnational in nature andةددحلما مئارلجا فيرعت نم ً اءز���ج تس�يل تايس�تقلما هذهف ,كلذ م���غرو .ا���هيبكترم ة���قحلمو
involve an organized criminal group. However, those requirements are not partةينطولا ينناوقلا في لاعفألا كلت م
of the definition of the specific offences set out in article 5 of the Protocol andّ
national laws should establish those offences independently of the transnationalرتج نأا يغبنيو لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما
nature or the involvement of an organized criminal group (see the Convention,اهيف ةم َّظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج عولس� نع وأا ةينطولا دودحلل رباعلا اهعباط ن���ع ر���ظنلا فر���س�ب
article 34, paragraph 2)..)ةيقافتلا نم 34 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا رظنا(
2. Except as otherwise stated in the present Law, the provisions of this Law shall apply to all commercially traded firearms, their parts andعيمج ىلع ,كلذل ا���فلخ هيلع ض�ني ام ءا���نثتس�اب ,نو���ناقلا اذ���ه ماك���حأا ير���س�ت -2
components and ammunition, and to the investigation and prosecution of theض�وس�نلما مئارلجا نع يرحتلا ىلعو اهب رجتلما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا
offences established under this Law.Part One. Introductory provisions 3.اهيبكترم ةقحلمو نوناقلا اذه في اهيلع3 ةيديهتم ماكحأا -لوألا ءزلجا
Commentaryقيلعتلا
Article 4, paragraph 2, of the Protocol stipulates that the Protocol shall notلىإا ةلود نم تاقفس�لا ىلع ق���بطني ل هّنأا ىلع لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 4 ةدا���لما ن���م 2 ةر���قفلا ض����نت
apply to state-to-state transactions or state transfers where the application ofاهيف لوكوتوبرلا قيبطت نأاس� نم نوكي يتلا تلالحا في لودلا ينب لقنلا تايلمع ىلع وأا ىرخأا
the Protocol would prejudice the right of a State party to take action in theعم قس�تي ابم ينطولا نمألا ةحلس�م ىلع اس�رح تاءارجإا ذاختا في فرط ةلود قحب
interest of national security consistent with the Charter of the United Nations.ّ ض�يم نأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكم لوكوتورب ذيفنتل يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا حس�ويو .ةدحتلما ممألا قاثيم
The Legislative Guide for the Implementation of the Protocol against the Illicitةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتل ل
Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components andّ
Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Trans­مكلما ,ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ةيرخذلاو اهتان
national Organized Crimeّ
1وكمو اهئازجأاو
clarifies that the words “state-to-state transactions”لىإا ةلود نم تاقفس�لا" ةرابع نأاب "يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا"
refer only to transactions undertaken by the State in its sovereign capacity and)1( ةينطولا برع ةم ّظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم تاقفس�لا دعبتس�تو ةيدايس�لا اهتفس�ب ةلودلا اهب موقت يتلا تاقفس�لا لىإا لإا يرس�ت ل "ىرخأا .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 64 ةرقفلا رظنا( ةيراجتلا اهتفس�ب ةلودلا اهب موقت يتلا .عبارلا ءزلجا ,A.05.V.2 عيبلما مقر ,ةدحتلما ممألا تاروس�نم
excludes those transactions where a State is acting in its commercial capacity)1( اهتيرخذو اهتان
(see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 64).ّ
1وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 4
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.05.V.2, part four.4 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionفيراعتلا -ي ناثلا لص�فلا
Chapter II. Definitionsقيلعتلا
Commentaryنأا مغر ,يلخادلا نوناقلا في لوكوتوبرلا في ةمدختس�لما تاحلطس�لما فيرعتب مازلإا كانه ض�يل
There is no mandatory requirement that terms used in the Protocol be definedنامس�ل اهليدعت وأا ةيعيرس�ت فيراعت دامتعا يرورس�لا نم ىرت دق ةينطولا ةيعيرس�تلا تائيهلا
in domestic law, although national legislatures may find it necessary to adopt.لوكوتوبرلا في د ّدحلما عوس�ولما بناوج عيمج ىلع ىرخألا ةيعيرس�تلا تابلطتلما قابطنا
or amend legislative definitions to ensure that other legislative requirementsةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب ة���س�الخا تاحلطس�لما فيراعت ىلع ّلإا ل���س�فلا اذ���ه يو���تحي لو
apply to the full range of subject matter specified by the Protocol.كيرس�لا" لثم( ةماعلا فيراعتلا امأا .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب را���تجلاو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هئازجأاو
This chapter only contains definitions of terms that are specific to illicitنأا ض�ترفلما نم هنأل ,هيف ًة���جردم تس�يلف )اهيرغو ,"ض����يرحتلاو ةد���عاس�لما"و ,"ة���يمرلجا في
manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and.)ةنكملما ةينطولا تاعيونتلا لك عم( ةينطولا ينناوقلا في ُلبق نم ةدراو نوكت
ammunition. General terms (for example, “accomplice”, “aiding and abetting”ةيلودلا كوكس�لا رئاس�و ةيقافتلاو لوكوتوبرلا نم نكمأا املك فيراعتلا
and so on) are not included, as they should already be incorporated into theّد
national law (with all the national variations possible).َ متس�ُت نأا يغبنيو نوناقلا اذه في ةدراولا تاحلطس�ملل َفيراعت
Where possible, definitions are derived from the Protocol, the Conventionُل���بق نم لودلا عس�و لا���ح في ,ي���غبنيو .ة���مئاقلا
or other existing international instruments. Where States have already developed definitions for terms included in this Model Law, these should be reviewedليدعت يغبنيو .نوناقلا اذهل ة���مئاقلا فيراعتلا ةمءلم ةلافكل اهيف ر���ظنلا ُةدا���عإا ,ي���جذومنلا ثركأا يربادت دامتعا لودلا راتخت دقو .ةيرورس�لا فيراعتلا نمس�تي ل ناك اذإا ينطولا نوناقلا
to ensure that the existing definitions are suitable for it. If the national legislation does not contain the necessary definitions, then it should be modifiedىلع ةحلس�ألا لوانتت تا���عيرس�ت
accordingly. States may choose to adopt stricter measures then the ones provided for by the Protocol or to legislate with respect to a broader range ofّنس� وأا لوكوتوبرلا في ا���هيلع ض�وس�نلما ير���بادتلا ن���م ة���مارس�
weapons.ةيقافتلا عم ق���فتت فيراعت لودلا دمتعت نأا ة���ماع ةفس�ب ن���س�حتس�ي ,ك���لذ ع���مو .
However, in general it is advisable for States to adopt definitions thatع���س�وأا قا���طن ةجردنلما ةطس�نألا نع يرحتلا دس�ق ىر���خألا لودلا عم نواعتلا يرس�يت ل���جأا ن���م لو���كوتوبرلاو
are consistent with the Convention and the Protocol in order to facilitate cooperation with other countries in the investigation, prosecution or other proceduresاهب ةقلعتلما تاءارجإلا نم كلذ يرغ وأا اهنأاس�ب ةقحللما وأا ,اهلوكوتوربو ةيقافتلا قاطن لخاد .ليودلا نواعتلا تايس�تقم فلتخلم لاثتملا ةلافكو هتيادب في ا
relating to activities under the scope of the Convention and its Protocol and toّ مإا ,نوناقلا في فيراعتلا نع لس�ف جاردإا ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض�عب في ل ّس�فيو
ensure compliance with the various international cooperation requirements.ىلع يئانلجا نوناقلا وأا ةيئانلجا ةنودلما يوتتح ,ىرخألا ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض�عب فيو .هتياهن وأا
Some jurisdictions prefer to include a chapter on definitions in the law,وأا ايئزج هاندأا ةروكذلما فيراعتلا جاردإا نكيم ينتلالحا اتلك فيو ,فيراعتلا ن
either at the beginning or at the end of the law. In other jurisdictions the criminalّ
code or law contains a general chapter with definitions, in which case someمس�تي ماع لس�ف
or all of the definitions mentioned below can be included..
In some cases, Statesمكاحملل يرس�فتلا رمأا كرت ن
may find it advisable to leave the interpretation to the courts.َ س�حتس�لما نم نأا لودلا ض�عب ىري دق ,تلالحا ض�عب فيو .ايلك
Article 4. Definitionsفيراعتلا -4 ةدالما
For the purposes of this Law, the following definitions shall apply::نوناقلا اذه في ةيلاتلا فيراعتلاب ذخؤوي
(a) “Ammunition” shall mean the complete round and shall includeتانوكلما جاردإا ىجري[ كلذ في ابم ,ةلماكلا تاقلطلا "ةيرخذلا" يربعتب دس�قي )أا(
[insert those components which are subject to authorization or legal regulation under existing national legislation, e.g. cartridge cases, primers, propellantفرظ لثم ,ةمئاقلا ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا بجوبم نيوناقلا ميظنتلا وأا نذإلا ماظنل عس�خت يتلا في لمعتس�ت يتلا ]فوذقلما وأا ةس�اس�رلاو رس�ادلا قوحس�لماو )ة���لوس�بكلا( ة���ليعس�لاو ة���س�وطرلخا
powder, bullets or projectiles] that are used in a firearm;Part One. Introductory provisions 5؛يران حلس�5 ةيديهتم ماكحأا -لوألا ءزلجا
Commentaryقيلعتلا
Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (c)..لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )ج( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
The Protocol definition of “ammunition” includes all finished and assembledابم ,ةعمجلماو عنس�لا ةماتلا ةيرخذلا عاونأا عيمج لوكوتوبرلا في دراولا "ةيرخذلا "فيرعت لمس�ي
types of ammunition, including its components, when those components areنم ي باقرلا ميظنتلا/نذإلا ماظنل ةعس�اخ اهس�فن تانوكلما هذه نوكت امنيح ,اهتانوكم كلذ في
themselves subject to authorization/regulation by the State “provided that those components are themselves subject to authorization in the respective State"ةينعلما فرطلا ةلودلا في ض�يخترلل ةعس�اخ اهس�فن تانوكلما هذ���ه نو���كت نأا ة���طيرس�" :ة���لودلا
Party” (see article 3, subparagraph (c))..)3 ةدالما نم )ج( ةرقفلا رظنا(
The Protocol requires a certain degree of regulation of the components ofنكيم هنأل ةيرخذلا تانوكم ىلع يباقرلا ميظنتلا نم ردق ض����رف لو���كوتوبرلا طتر���س�يو
ammunition, since these can easily be transferred for assembly at destination.يميظنتلا ءبعلا اذه نأا دجي لودلا ض�عب نأا يرغ .لوس�ولا ة���طقن في ا���هبيكترل ة���لوهس�ب ا���هلقن
However, some States find this regulatory burden too heavy and avoid regulationحئاوللا كلت لياتلاب عس�يو ,تانوكلما عيمج ىلع يرس�ت ةيميظنت حئاول عس�و بنجتيو ادج يربك
of all components, thus only regulating assembled cartridges."تارجفتلما" �ل فيراعت لعف لودلا ض�عب ىدل نو���كت دق امك .
Some countriesطقف ة���عمجلما ض����يطارلخا نأا���س�ب
may also already have a definition of “explosives” in their national legislation,ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما ة���يميلقإلا كوكس�لا نم كس� في ا���هتكراس�م ب���بس�ب ,ة���ينطولا ا���هتاعيرس�ت في
as a consequence of their participation in one of the regional instruments onرئاخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم ةيكيرمألا نادلبلا ةيقافتا ,لاثلما ليبس� ىلع( ةيرانلا
firearms (for example, the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Otherتمظن نوكت دقو )ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ةلس�لا تاذ ىر���خألا داو���لماو تار���جفتلماو
Related Materials) and may therefore already have regulated or restricted theرظنا( ةرجفتلما داولما ن���م امهفس�وب ادويق امهيلع تعس�و وأا ع���فادلا دو���قولاو ة���ليعس�لا ل���عفلاب
primer and the propellant as explosive materials (see the Legislative Guide,.)54-52 تارقفلا ,يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا
paragraphs 52-54). (b) “Antique firearm” shall mean a firearm manufactured during or1899 ماع للخ عنس� يران حلس� لك "ةقيتعلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا" يربعتب دس�قي )ب(
before the year 1899;؛ماعلا اذه لبق وأا
Commentaryقيلعتلا
Source: Article 3, subparagraph (a), of the Protocol stipulates that antiqueةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا فيرعت ةرورس� ىلع لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 3 ةدالما نم )أا( ةر���قفلا ض����نت :رد���س�لما
firearms and their replicas shall be defined according to domestic law, butةحلس�ألا لمس�ت نأا لاح ةيأا في" زوجي ل هنأا يرغ .يلخادلا نوناقلل اقفو ةدلقلما اهجذانمو ةقيتعلا
that “in no case ... shall antique firearms include firearms manufactured after."1899 ماع دعب تعن
1899”.ُ
(c) “Broker” shall mean a person or entity acting as an intermediaryس� ةيران ةحلس�أا ةقيتعلا ةيرانلا ةينعلما فارطألا ينب
that brings together relevant parties and arranges or facilitates a potentialً اطيس�و لمعي يذلا نايكلا وأا ض�خس�لا "راس�مس�" يربعتب دس�قي )ج(
transaction involving firearms in return for some form of benefit, whetherءاوس� ,ةعفنلما نم لكس� يأا لباقم في ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةلمتمح تاقفس� ماربإا ل
financial or otherwise;ّ
Commentaryهس�ي وأا بتريو
The Protocol does not define the terms “broker” and “brokering activities”.؛كلذ يرغ وأا ةيلام تناك قيلعتلا ءابرلخا قيرف ريرقت مدقيو .
The"ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا"و "راس�مس�" تاحلطس�م لوكوتوبرلا ف
report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to Generalّ
Assembly resolution 60/81 to consider further steps to enhance internationalرعي ل تاوطلخا نم ديزم ذاختا في رظنلل 81/60 ةماعلا ةيعملجا رارقب لمع ئس�نأا يذلا ينيموكلحا
cooperation in preventing, combating and eradicating illicit brokering in smallةحلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ةحلس�ألا في ة���عورس�لما يرغ ةرس�مس�لا ع���نم ى���لع ليود���لا نوا���عتلا ز���يزعتل
arms and light weapons (A/62/163 and Corr.اذه في ةديفلما تاهيجوتلا ض����عب )Corr.
1) provides some useful guidance.1و A/62/163( ا���هيلع ءا���س�قلاو ا���هتحفاكمو ة���فيفلخا
In the absence of an internationally agreed definition of “broker”, the presentنم فيرعتلا اذه دمتس�ا د���قف ,"راس�مس�" يربعتل ايلود هيلع ق���فتم ف���يرعت با���يغ فيو .نأا���س�لا
definition has been adapted from the report on brokering..
6 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionةرس�مس�لا نع ينيموكلحا ءابرلخا قيرف ريرقت اهتيرخذو اهتان
(d) “Brokering activities” shall mean:ّ
(i) Serving as a finder of business opportunities to one or more parties to a transaction involving firearms, their parts and components andوكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 6
ammunition;:"ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا" يربعتب دس�قي )د(
(ii) Putting relevant parties to a transaction involving firearms, theirةقفس� في فارطألا نم ثركأا وأا دحاول ةيراجتلا ض�رفلا فا���س�كتس�ا ى���لع ل���معلا
parts and components and ammunition in contact;
(iii) Assisting parties in proposing, arranging or facilitating agreements1
or possible contracts involving firearms, their parts and components and
ammunition between them;؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل
(iv) Assisting parties to a transaction involving firearms, their partsاهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةقفس� في فارطألا ين���ب لا���س�تلا ط���بر وأا
and components and ammunition in obtaining the necessary documentation; or
(v) Assisting parties to a transaction involving firearms, their parts and2
components and ammunition in arranging the necessary payments;
Commentary؛اهتيرخذو دوقع وأا تاقافتا نم اهنيب مبري نأا ن���كيم ا���م حاتر���قا في فار���طألا ةد���عاس�م وأا ’ 3 ‘ ؛اهليهس�ت وأا اهبيترت وأا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةقفس� في فارطألا ةدعاس�م وأا ’ 4 ‘ ؛ةمزللا قئاثولا ىلع لوس�لحا في اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةقفس� في فارطألا ةدعاس�م وأا ’ 5 ‘ .ةمزللا تاعوفدلما بيترت في قيلعتلا
Source: This definition is adapted from the report on brokering (A/62/163 andA/62/163( ةرس�مس�لا نع ينيموكلحا ءابرلخا قيرف ريرقت نم فيرعتلا اذ���ه د���متس�ا :رد���س�لما
Corr.1, paragraph 9)..)9 ةرقفلا ,Corr.1و
This proposed definition focuses on the direct activities of the broker and doesاطابترا ةطبترلما ةطس�نألا لمس�ي لو ةرس�ابلما راس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ىلع حترقلما فيرعتلا اذه زكري
not include closely associated activities that may be facilitated by brokers asمبري دق ام ل���يهس�ت وأا بيترت ةيلمع را���طإا في ةر���س�امس�لا ا���هلهس�ي نأا ن���كيم ي���تلاو ا���هب ا���قيثو
part of the process of arranging or facilitating a potential transaction but are not directly undertaken by them.,لاثلما ليبس� ى���لع ,كلذ لمس�ي نأا ن���كيمو .
This could include, for example, transport, freight forwarding, storage, finance and insurance (the report on brokering elaboratesةرس�ابم ا���هب نو���موقي ل او���ناك نإاو ,تا���قفس� ن���م
on “closely associated activities” in paragraph 10). Controls on the actions ofقلعتلما ريرقتلا ن���م 10 ةرقفلا لوانتت( ينمأاتلاو ل���يومتلاو ن���يزختلاو ع���ئاس�بلا ن���حس�و ل���قنلا
these indirect actors (such as banks or insurance or transport companies) are,ةماع ةفس�بو .)ليس�فتلا نم ردقب "ةرس�مس�لاب اقيثو اطابترا ةطبترلما ة���طس�نألا" ةر���س�مس�لاب
generally done through separate regulatory mechanisms and legislative regimes.تاكرس� وأا فراس�لما ل���ثم( ةرس�ابلما يرغ ةلعافلا تاهلجا هذه ة���طس�نأا ى���لع ط���باوس�لا ق���
States, however, can choose to draft a broader definition of brokering activitiesَّ
and include the aforementioned closely associated activities.بطت
(e) “Confiscation”, which includes forfeiture where applicable, shallنكيم ,كلذ عمو .ةلس�فنم ة���يعيرس�ت مظنو يباقر ميظنت تايلآا لل���خ ن���م )ل���قنلا وأا ين���مأاتلا
mean the permanent deprivation of property by order of a court or other competent authority; Commentary Source: Convention, article 2, subparagraph (g). Option 1 (f) “Deactivated firearm” shall mean a firearm that has been deactivated;Part One. Introductory provisions 7 Commentary ource: The principles of deactivation are outlined in article 9, subparagraph (a), of the Protocol. A definition of “deactivated firearm” is only relevant and necessary where a distinction is made between deactivated firearms and operative firearms, that is, where a State does not recognize a deactivated firearm as a firearm for the purposes of its law(s) governing firearms. In some jurisdictions the phrase “rendered permanently inoperable” is used rather than “deactivated”. Option 2 (f) “Deactivated firearms” shall mean objects corresponding to the definition of a firearm that have been rendered permanently unfit for use by deactivation, ensuring that all essential parts of the firearm have been rendered permanently inoperable and incapable of removal, replacement or a modification that would permit the firearm to be reactivated in any way; Commentary Source: Article 13, subparagraph (b)(i)(a), of directive 2008/51/EC of the European Parliament and Council of the European Union amending Council directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons. The same definition is contained in article 2, paragraph 4, of the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union implementing article 10 of the United Nations Firearms Protocol and establishing export authorization, import and transit measures for firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. (g) “Exporter” shall mean any person engaged in the business of exporting or sending firearms, their parts and components and ammunition from [name of State]; Commentary The draft EC proposal implementing article 10 of the Firearms Protocol defines “exporter” as a person who “holds the contract with the consignee in the third country and has the power for determining the sending of the item out of the customs territory” (article 2, paragraph 6). (h) “Firearm” shall mean any portable barrelled weapon that expels, is designed to expel or may be readily converted to expel a shot, bullet or projectile by the action of an explosive, excluding antique firearms or their replicas;8 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Commentary Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (a). The definition of “firearm” will be a critical element of domestic implementing legislation. States will in many cases already have one or more domestic legal definitions. States that do not already have a definition in domestic law should include one that at a minimum complies with the definition in the Protocol in order to ensure the application of the various forms of cooperation under the Protocol and the Convention (see the Legislative Guide, paragraphs 34 and 35). Some global and regional instruments and also some national legislations have adopted a broader scope as they apply to small arms and light weapons. These include, for example, the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (paragraph 4), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and Other Related Materials (article 1) and the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa (article 1). Other instruments refer to firearms, parts and components, explosives and ammunition, such as the Firearms Protocol, the Inter-American Convention and the Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. States that have already adopted national laws based on a small arms and light weapons definition should be aware of the differences and adapt accordingly when drafting their own national legislation using this Model Law. (i) “Freezing” or “seizure” shall mean temporarily prohibiting the transfer, conversion, disposition or movement of property or temporarily assuming custody or control of property on the basis of an order issued by a court or other competent authority; Commentary Source: Convention, article 2, subparagraph (f). (j) “Importer” shall mean any person engaged in the business of importing or bringing firearms, their parts and components and ammunition into [name of State]; (k) “Illicit manufacturing” shall mean the manufacturing or assembly of firearms, their parts and components or ammunition: (i) From parts and components illicitly trafficked; (ii) Without a licence or authorization from [name of licensing authority]; or Part One. Introductory provisions 9 (iii) Without marking the firearms at the time of manufacture, in accordance with this Law; Commentary Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (d). (l) “Illicit trafficking” shall mean the import, export, acquisition, sale, delivery, movement or transfer of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition from or across the territory of one State to that of another State if any one of the States concerned does not authorize the said import, export, acquisition, sale, delivery, movement or transfer of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition or if the firearms are not marked in accordance with this Law; Commentary Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (e). (m) “Manufacture” consists of the development, production, [reverse engineering,] assembly and licensed production of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, as well as the conversion or transformation of something [that is not a firearm] into a firearm [and the reactivation of a deactivated firearm]; Commentary Source: The Protocol defines “illicit manufacturing”, but not the term “manufacturing”. The definition in this Model Law is adapted from the definition of “manufacturing” included in annex I to the report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 54/54 V (A/CONF.192/2). The text in square brackets does not form part of the original definition. Under the Protocol, it is mandatory for States parties that do not recognize deactivated firearms as “firearms” to take the necessary measures to prevent reactivation. Therefore, the inclusion of the phrase “and the reactivation of a deactivated firearm” is only necessary where a State has deactivation standards in place that do not require deactivated firearms to be rendered permanently inoperable and that contemplate the reactivation of a deactivated firearm. (n) “Parts and components” shall mean any element or replacement element designed specifically for a firearm and essential to its operation, including a barrel, frame or receiver, slide or cylinder, bolt or breech block, and any device designed or adapted to diminish the sound caused by firing a firearm;10 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Commentary Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (b). (o) “Person” shall mean a natural or a legal person; (p) “Reactivation” shall mean the process of restoring the ability of a deactivated firearm to function as an operative firearm; Commentary The Protocol clearly stipulates that one of the principles of deactivation is that “all essential parts of a deactivated firearm are to be rendered permanently inoperable” such that the firearm cannot be reactivated and it is mandatory for any States parties that do not recognize a deactivated firearm as a “firearm” to take the necessary measures to prevent reactivation (Protocol, article 9, subparagraph (a)). However, in countries where deactivation standards permit the reactivation of a deactivated firearm into a functioning weapon, provision should be made to ensure that deactivated firearms are not reactivated without prior authorization and that the unauthorized reactivation of a firearm constitutes “illicit manufacturing”, that is, “reactivation” constitutes “manufacture” and thus is captured by the provisions regulating manufacturing. (q) “Responsible person” shall mean the representative of a legal person; (r) “Tracing” shall mean the systematic tracking of firearms and, where possible, their parts and components and ammunition from manufacturer to purchaser for the purpose of assisting competent authorities in detecting, investigating and analysing illicit manufacturing and trafficking;اهب ةطبترلما ةروكذلما ةطس�نألا جاردإاو ةر���س�مس�لا ةطس�نأل عس�وأا فيرعت ع���س�و لود���لا را���تخت نأا
Commentary.اقيثو اطابترا
Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (f). (s) “Transit” shall mean the conveyance through [name of State] to another country of firearms or ammunition that have been imported. Terms not defined in this article shall be interpreted consistently with [title of the relevant legislation regarding the interpretation of regulatory language, e.g. the Interpretation Act].11 Part two. Mandatory provisions Commentary Part Two contains Model Law text on all the mandatory provisions of the Firearms Protocol that States need to ensure are included in their domestic legislation. This includes chapters on preventive measures aimed at regulating the manufacturing, marking, record-keeping and international transfer of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and chapters on the mandatory penal provisions that derive from the preventive measures and the mandatory international cooperation measures. Section A. Preventive measures Chapter III. Manufacturing Commentary This chapter addresses the requirements under the Protocol to prevent the illicit manufacturing of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. The Protocol implicitly requires that manufacturers hold a licence or other authorization to manufacture firearms and ammunition, but leaves it to States’ discretion to require a licence or authorization for the manufacture of parts and components. The Protocol also implicitly requires States to establish a competent authority responsible for issuing a licence or authorization to manufacture firearms. The Protocol does not specify in detail the form the system of licensing of manufacturers established by a State must take. This is left largely to the discretion of States. Annex I (Additional considerations) below provides additional text drafters can consider for inclusion in their national legislation. Further optional guidance is also available in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 03.10, “National controls over the manufacture of small arms and light weapons”. Article 5. Prohibition to manufacture without a licence 1. No person shall manufacture firearms or ammunition unless that person does so: 12 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (a) Under and in accordance with a licence issued by [name of licensing authority] in accordance with this Law; or (b) As otherwise authorized by law. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, articles 5, paragraph 1 (a), and 3, subparagraph (d)(ii). The Protocol presupposes the existence of a licensing authority or other competent authority by virtue of the definition of “illicit manufacturing”, which includes manufacturing “without a license or authorization from a competent authority”. The establishment or existence of a competent authority responsible for authorizing or licensing manufacturers is mandatory. In some jurisdictions the power/authority to grant a licence to manufacture firearms is given to a designated officer within the police force (e.g. the commissioner of police). In other jurisdictions, the relevant ministry will be responsible. Suggestions for the non- mandatory content of legislation or accompanying regulations detailing the application procedure are included in annex I (article 3). 2. No person shall manufacture parts and components unless that person does so: (a) Under and in accordance with a licence issued by [name of licensing authority] in accordance with this Law; or (b) As otherwise authorized by law. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, articles 5, paragraph 1 (a), and 3, subparagraph (d). The Protocol does not expressly require States to establish a system of manufacturing licensing or authorization (as it does for export and import (Protocol, article 10, paragraph 1)). However, article 3, subparagraph (d), of the Protocol effectively creates such a requirement by making the failure to have a “licence or authorization from a competent authority of the State Party where the manufacture or assembly takes place” an element of the offence of “illicit manufacturing”. This requirement is limited to firearms and ammunition, and States have the discretion to licence the manufacture of parts and components by virtue of the final sentence: “Licensing and authorization of the manufacture of parts and components shall be in accordance with domestic law.” As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 189), the effect is that countries may impose manufacturing licences or authorizations for the making of parts and components, but are not required to do so.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 13 If a State chooses to require a person to obtain a licence to manufacture firearms and ammunition as well as parts and components, then paragraphs 1 and 2 could be amalgamated and the following alternative wording could be adopted: 1. No person shall not manufacture firearms, their parts and components or ammunition unless that person does so: (a) Under and in accordance with a licence issued by [name of licensing authority] in accordance with this Law, or (b) As otherwise authorized by law. Article 6. Licence conditions for a manufacturer’s licence 1. A manufacturer’s licence is subject to any conditions imposed on the licence by [name of licensing authority]. 2. The holder of a manufacturer’s licence shall comply with any condition to which the licence is subject. 3. Without prejudice to paragraph 1 of this article, each licence is subject to the following conditions: (a) The licensee shall comply with the relevant marking requirements in article 7 of this Law; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (a), obliges States to require marking at the time of manufacture. Detailed requirements are provided in chapter IV of this Model Law. (b) The licensee shall comply with the relevant record-keepingنم يئاهنلا ديرجتلا ,قبطنا ا���مثيح زجلحا لمس�ت يتلا ,"ةرداس�لما" ير���بعتب د���س�قي ) ���ه(
requirements in chapter V of this Law; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7. This provision obliges States to ensure the maintenance of certain information necessary to trace illicitly manufactured or trafficked firearms. Detailed requirements are provided in chapter V of this Model Law.14 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (c) The licensee must comply with the storage requirements set out in [accompanying schedule or regulations to this Law containing storage requirements for manufacturers or insert the name of the law or other regulations governing safe storage at the time of manufacture]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 11, subparagraph (a). This provision requires States to take appropriate measures “to require the security of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition at the time of manufacture”. The Protocol does not provide details of the measures to be taken and it is up to States to determine what measures are appropriate. It is suggested that the security measures determined by the State should be included in an accompanying schedule or regulations to the Law or in separate guidelines, so they can be easily updated. Additional, non-mandatory licence conditions are suggested in annex I (article 7).Part Two. Mandatory provisions 15 Chapter IV. Marking Commentary Article 8 of the Protocol obliges States to require marking of firearms at the time of manufacture, import and transfer from government to civilian stocks. Such markings assist in the identification and tracing of firearms. The Protocol also requires States to encourage manufacturers to develop measures against the removal or alteration of markings. Annex I (Additional considerations) provides further suggested text that drafters can consider for inclusion in their national legislation, including non-mandatory provisions on the marking of parts and components and ammunition and regulatory provisions on the method of marking. A.  Initial markings Article 7. Marking of firearms at the time of manufacture 1. Every manufacturer of firearms shall apply an identification mark to each firearm, at the time of manufacture, in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (a). Drafters may need to consider providing greater detail regarding what is intended or required by the phrase “at the time of manufacture” (see the Legis­ lative Guide, paragraph 86). The Firearms Protocol does not specify who should apply the marking at the time of manufacture. This draft article of the Model Law imposes the obligation to mark firearms at the time of manufacture on the manufacturer. In some countries, the State itself also applies a mark at the time of manufacture. States choosing to implement the International Tracing Instrument or the Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons are also required to mark firearms at manufacture.16 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Annex I (articles 23 and 26) provides optional suggested text regarding the marking of parts and components and ammunition at the time of manufacture that drafters can consider for inclusion in their national legislation. 2. The unique identification mark applied to every firearm manufactured in [name of State] in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall indicate: (a) That [name or initials of State] is the country of manufacture; (b) The name of the manufacturer; and (c) The unique serial number. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (a). The Protocol requires States to either require a unique marking on manufactured firearms that provides the name of the manufacturer, the country or place of manufacture and the serial number or else to maintain any alternative unique user-friendly marking with simple geometric symbols in combination with a numeric and/or alphanumeric code, permitting ready identification of the country of manufacture. Only where the marking system predates the Protocol are States permitted to use geometric symbols in combination with numeric and/ or alphanumeric code to mark firearms. The International Tracing Instrument contains the same requirement (paragraph 8 (a)) that States either require a unique marking providing the name of the manufacturer, country of manufacture and serial number or else maintain any alternative unique user-friendly marking with simple geometric symbols in combination with numeric and/or alphanumeric code, permitting ready identification of the country of manufacture. The Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons also requires (chapter II, paragraph 7) that the country of manufacture, the manufacturer and the serial number be marked on each firearm at the time of manufacture. In addition to the above considerations, the International Tracing Instrument provides (paragraph 8 (a)) that States will “encourage” the marking of additional information at the time of manufacture, such as the year of manufacture, weapon type/model and calibre. Since the Protocol requires that records of manufactured firearms are kept for at least 10 years (see draft article 16 of this Model Law), a mark indicating the year of manufacture is important for ensuring compliance with the recordkeeping obligation. European Community directive 2008/51/EC (amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons) provides that the marking made at the time of manufacture should include the year of manufacture if this is not part of the serial number (article 4, Part Two. Mandatory provisions 17 paragraph 2 (a)). The ECOWAS Convention (article 18, paragraph 2 (a)), the Wassenaar Best Practice Guidelines for Exports of Small Arms and Light Weapons (paragraph II. 2) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons (section II. 2 (a)) also require the year of manufacture to be indicated in the markings made at the time of manufacture. The Legislative Guide (paragraph 71) notes that States can take into account additional identifying characteristics such as make, model, type and calibre to enhance the uniqueness of the marking. Reference is also made to the characteristics used by the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) in its Firearms Tracing System (formerly known as IWeTS), which include make, model, calibre, barrel length and number of shots (though this is not appropriate or useful for all types of firearm). Accordingly, States may consider requiring the following additional markings to be made at the time of manufacture in addition to the above mandatory markings listed in article 7, paragraph 2 (a)­(c), of the Model Law: the year of manufacture, the make, the type or model and the calibre of the firearm. If the country of import and the name of the importer are known at the time of manufacture, this can also be marked on the firearm. Under the ECOWAS Convention, the markings to be applied at the time of manufacture should include “information concerning the purchaser’s identity and the country of destination ... if known at the time of manufacture” (article 18, paragraph 2 (a)). The Firearms Protocol does not indicate where or how firearms should be marked. Nor does it specify whether the complete name of the manufacturer should be marked or if the manufacturer’s trademark is sufficient. While this level of technical detail may not appear in a country’s principal legislation or firearms law, it should be specified in subsidiary regulations or guidelines. Some regional instruments, including the Nairobi Protocol and the SADC Protocol, do specify how and where markings should be applied and States are encouraged to refer to those instruments as well as to the forthcoming UNODC technical guidelines and the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 05.30,؛ىرخأا ةس�تمخ ةطلس� وأا ةمكمح نع رداس� رمأا بجوبم تاكلتملما
“Marking and record-keeping”, for further guidance on the technical aspects ofقيلعتلا
firearms marking. B.  Additional markings Article 8. Marking of firearms at the time of import 1. Every person or public service agency that imports a firearm shall ensure that the firearm is marked in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article within [... days] of being imported into [name of State]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (b). 18 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition The Protocol requires that simple markings be applied to imported firearms, but does not specify when such markings should be made. Accordingly, it is up to States to determine when or at what stage of the import process the markings should be made. Further optional guidance on this is available in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 05.30, “Marking and record-keeping”. Article 8, paragraph 1 (b), of the Protocol stipulates that import markings “need not” be applied to temporary imports of firearms for verifiable lawful purposes. This provision applies in cases where States avail themselves of the option established in article 10, paragraph 6, to adopt simplified procedures for the temporary import and export and the transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition for verifiable lawful purposes (see chapter XVII (Simplified procedures for temporary import, export and transit) of this Model Law). Accordingly, States have the option to introduce a simplified regime for certain temporary transfers and not to apply import markings to a firearm that is imported temporarily for verifiable lawful purposes. Examples of “verifiable lawful purposes” are provided in article 10, paragraph 6, and include hunting, sport shooting, evaluation, exhibitions or repairs. 2. The identification mark applied to every firearm imported into [name of State] in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall indicate: (a) The country of import [name of State]; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (b). Paragraph 8 (b) of the International Tracing Instrument also requires a marking on imported firearms permitting identification of the country of import. (b) The year of import; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (b). The Protocol requires that the year of import be indicated in the marking applied at import only “where possible”. Paragraph 8 (b) of the International Tracing Instrument also requires a marking on imported firearms permitting identification of the year of import “where possible”. Part Two. Mandatory provisions 19 (c) Where: (i) The existing identification mark on the imported firearm does not provide all of the information listed in article 7 of this Law; or (ii) The imported firearm does not bear an identification mark at all; the information listed in article 7 of this Law. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (b). Article 8, paragraph 1 (b), states that, if an imported firearm does not bear a unique marking, such a marking must be made at the time of manufacture. The Legislative Guide (paragraph 74) indicates that where an imported firearm does not already have a manufacturing mark that complies with the basic requirements of article 8, paragraph 1 (a), such a mark must be placed on the firearm. In other words, the unique marking to be affixed to an imported firearm that does not already have a marking, must, as a minimum, include all the information required at the time of manufacture. Further optional guidance is available in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 05.30, “Marking and record-keeping”. The Inter-American Convention (article VI, paragraph 1 (b)) requires appropriate markings on imported firearms that permit the identification of the importer’s name and address. In addition to the markings specified in subparagraphs (a)­(c), as required under the Protocol, States may consider requiring the name or identity of the importer and the year of import be marked on a firearm at import (see article 3, paragraph 2, of the Model Legislation on the Marking and Tracing of Firearms of the Organization of American States). Article 9. Marking at the time of transfer from government stocks to civilian use 1. Every public service agency that transfers a firearm from government stocks to permanent civilian use shall ensure that the firearm is marked in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article before the transfer takes place. 2. The identification mark applied to every firearm transferred from government stocks to permanent civilian use in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall identify [name of State] as the country where the transfer is taking place. 3. Where a firearm to be transferred from government stocks to permanent civilian use does not bear an identification mark at all or the existing 20 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition identification mark does not include all of the following information, the firearm shall be marked with the following information: (a) The country of manufacture; (b) The name of the manufacturer; and (c) The unique serial number. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 8, paragraph 1 (c). The International Tracing Instrument also requires that small arms and light weapons transferred from government stocks to permanent civilian use that are not marked in a manner that allows tracing be marked in such a way as to permit identification of the country from whose stocks the transfer is made. European Council directive 2008/51/EC amending Council directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (revised article 4, paragraph 2) also requires that Member States “ensure, at the time of transfer of a firearm from government stocks to permanent civilian use, the appropriate unique marking permitting identification by States of the transferring country”. With respect to paragraph 3, there is no express requirement under the Protocol that States must ensure that firearms transferred from government stocks to permanent civilian use bear identification markings other than the country of transfer. However, this may be because there is an assumption that all firearms will have been marked at the time of manufacture or import (in accordance with article 8, paragraph 1 (a) and (b), of the Protocol). States should ensure that firearms to be transferred from government stocks to permanent civilian use are marked with the appropriate manufacture and import markings prior to transfer (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 88, and the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 05.30, “Marking and record-keeping”). Article 10. Marking at the time of disposal other than by destruction 1. [Name of competent authority] shall ensure that every [seized or confiscated] firearm disposed of other than by destruction in accordance with chapter XIII of this Law is marked in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article before the disposal takes place. 2. The identification mark applied to a firearm disposed of other than by destruction in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall: (a) Where the form of disposal is deactivation, be in accordance with article 11 of this Law;Part Two. Mandatory provisions 21 (b) Include the information listed in article 7 of this Law, where a form of disposal is used other than deactivation and: (i) The existing identification mark on the firearm to be disposed of does not provide all of the information listed in article 7 of this Law; or (ii) The firearm to be disposed of does not bear any identification mark at all. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 6, paragraph 2. The Inter-American Convention requires States to apply markings to any firearms confiscated or forfeited that are retained for official use (and are therefore not destroyed or disposed of) (article VI, paragraph 1 (c)). The Protocol does not specify the nature of the marking required for disposed firearms. It simply states that disposal other than by destruction of confiscated firearms may be officially authorized “provided that the firearms have been marked” and the methods of disposal have been recorded (article 6, paragraph 2). Presumably, the requirement is that they have a unique identification mark containing, as a minimum, the requirements reflected in article 8, paragraph 1 (a)—name of manufacturer, country or place of manufacture and serial number—thus it is a reference to an existing manufacturer’s marking, not a requirement that a new marking be affixed, unless there is no pre-existing identification mark. Where the method of disposal is deactivation and a State does not recognize a deactivated firearm as a “firearm” under its domestic law, States may consider requiring that a deactivation marking be applied upon disposal as required under article 9, subparagraph (c), of the Protocol. [Article 11. Marking at the time of deactivation 1. Where a firearm has been deactivated in accordance with article 22 of this Law and a certificate verifying the deactivation has been issued by [name of competent authority] in accordance with article 23 of this Law, the person [manufacturer, dealer or gunsmith or other authorized person] who deactivated the firearm shall [option 1: stamp a visible mark on the deactivated firearm in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article] and/or [option 2: ensure that the deactivated firearm is marked by [designated proof house]] in accordance with [title of existing technical specifications or regulations governing proof house marking].22 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Commentary Mandatory provision Article 9, subparagraph (c), of the Protocol stipulates that verification by the competent authority that a firearm has been deactivated is to include a certificate attesting to the deactivation of the firearm or else “a clearly visible mark to that effect stamped on the firearm”. Good practice suggests that both a certificate and an appropriate marking should be required. Those States which are members of the Permanent International Commission for Firearms Testing (CIP) may require that an appropriate mark be made by an accredited proof house before a firearm can be classified as a “deactivated firearm”. In such cases, option 2 may be utilized. In other States it may be sufficient for the person carrying out the deactivation to mark the deactivated firearm appropriately. In that case, option 1 may be utilized. 2. The identification mark applied to every firearm deactivated in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall indicate that the firearm has been deactivated [in accordance with article 22 of this Law].] Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 9, subparagraph (c). This provision states that, as part of the verification process, the competent authority must produce a certificate or record attesting to the deactivation of the firearm or else a clearly visible mark to that effect must be stamped on the firearm. Although it is not required under the Protocol, States may also consider including the year of deactivation and the country of deactivation in the de activation marking.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 23 Chapter V. Record-keeping Commentary This chapter addresses the record-keeping requirements under article 7 of the Protocol. The Protocol requires States to “ensure the maintenance” of certain information pertaining to firearms and, where feasible, their parts and components and ammunition. However, the Protocol does not specify whether such records should be kept by the State itself or by persons and entities engaged in manufacturing, importing, exporting and so on. It is up to each State to determine whether records should be kept by the State and/or by persons and entities engaged in firearms-related activities. Annex I (Additional considerations) provides further suggested text that drafters can consider for inclusion in their national legislation. The following draft provisions provide two alternatives. Option 1 should be used when the State itself has primary responsibility for maintaining records. In this instance, the State’s obligation to keep records extends to recording details of all firearms manufactured and all transactions involving firearms. Option 2 should be used where persons and entities engaged in firearmsrelated activities have the primary responsibility for maintaining records. In this instance, the State’s obligation to keep records is limited to information obtained through licensing applications and inspections. This chapter does not contain provisions regarding keeping records relating to state-held firearms. Although not mentioned specifically in the Protocol, a comprehensive record-keeping system that facilitates tracing will need to include records of state-held stocks and their movement. While such provisions would not normally appear in national legislation on firearms, States should consider including provisions regarding the record-keeping of state-held weapons in defence acts or administrative guidelines and army/police manuals governing the management of inventory. Further optional guidance on this issue may be found in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 05.30, “Marking and record-keeping”. A.  Records  of  transactions Article 12. Information on international transactions in firearms [Option 1: [Name of licensing authority]] [Option 2: Every licensed importer or exporter, as appropriate,] shall keep records of all firearms transferred under a licence granted under this Law, including:24 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (a) Where the firearms are exported from [name of State]: (i) Date of issue of the export licence or authorization; (ii) Date of expiration of the export licence or authorization; (iii) The country of import; (b) Where the firearms are imported into [name of State]: (i) Date of issue of the import licence or authorization; (ii) Date of expiration of the import licence or authorization; (iii) The country of export; (iv) The import markings applied in accordance with article 8 of this Law; (c) [Full details of the route to be taken to the final destination, including] any transit countries and ports of entry and exit; (d) Name of the final recipient (if different from the importer) [insert the following as appropriate: address, country of residence, citizenship if individual, name of responsible person or representative if commercial or government]; (e) Quantity of firearms for export listed by classification-description; (f) Additional descriptive information, as applicable such as [insert the following as desired or appropriate: serial numbers, barrel length, overall length, action, number of shots, calibre, velocity and force, type of bullet]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7, subparagraph (b). Article 13. Information on international transactions in parts and components and ammunition [Option 1: [Name of licensing authority]] [Option 2: Every licensed importer or exporter, as appropriate,] shall keep records of all parts and components and/or ammunition transferred under a licence granted under this Law, including: (a) Where the parts and components and/or ammunition are exported from [name of State]: (i) Date of issue of the export licence or authorization; (ii) Date of expiration of the export licence or authorization; Part Two. Mandatory provisions 25 (iii) The country of import; (b) Where the parts and components and/or ammunition are imported into [name of State]: (i) Date of issue of the import licence or authorization; (ii) Date of expiration of the import licence or authorization; (iii) The country of export; (c) [Full details of the route to be taken to the final destination, including] any transit countries and ports of entry and exit; (d) Name of the final recipient (if different from the importer) [insert the following as appropriate: address, country of residence, citizenship if individual, name of responsible person or representative if commercial or government]; (e) Quantity of parts and components and/or ammunition for export listed by classification/description; (f) Additional descriptive information, as applicable, such as [insert the following as appropriate: calibre, velocity and force, type of bullet]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7, subparagraph (b). Where the items being exported are parts and components or ammunition, States must retain this information “where appropriate and feasible” (Protocol, article 7). B.  Records of manufacture and disposal Article 14. Information on items manufactured [Option 1: [Name of licensing authority]] [Option 2: Every manufacturer] shall keep records of all items manufactured under this Law, including: (a) A description of every firearm manufactured, including: (i) The markings made at the time of manufacture in accordance with article 7 of this Law; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7, subparagraph (a).26 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition This provision requires that a record of the appropriate markings required in article 8 of the Protocol (including markings made at the time of manufacture) be maintained. (ii) The name/identity of the manufacturer; (iii) The make of firearm manufactured; (iv) The model of firearm manufactured; (v) The quantity/number of firearms manufactured; (vi) The serial number of each firearm manufactured; and (vii) The calibre of each firearm manufactured; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7. This provision requires that information in relation to firearms be kept that is “necessary to trace and identify” firearms that are illicitly manufactured or trafficked. It does not specify what information—other than markings—is or would be considered “necessary” to trace and identify illicit weapons. The above details identified in subparagraphs (ii)-(v) are the minimum information necessary to identify illicit weapons, but it is up to States to decide. The INTERPOL Firearms Tracing System uses the barrel length and number of discharges as additional identifying characteristics and States may also wish to consider requiring manufacturers to keep records of this information. However, for certain types of firearm these are not always relevant or useful. For example, the number of shots is a good identifier for firearms such as revolvers where this is fixed at manufacture, but not for many other types that can use detachable cartridge magazines of different capacities (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 125). (b) A description of all ammunition manufactured, including: [(i) The markings applied at the time of manufacture;] (ii) The name/identity of the manufacturer; (iii) The type of ammunition manufactured; (iv) The quantity of ammunition manufactured; and (v) The date of manufacture, if possible; Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 27 Article 7 requires that information that is “necessary to trace and identify” ammunition need only be kept where this is “appropriate and feasible”. It does not specify what information (other than markings) would be considered “necessary” to trace and identify illicitly manufactured or trafficked ammunition, but the above details identified in subparagraphs (ii)-(iv) are the minimum information necessary to identify such illicit ammunition, but it is up to States to decide. Subparagraph (b)(i) is only relevant where States require ammunition to be marked (see annex I (article 26) for suggested text on “Marking of ammunition at the time of manufacture”). (c) A description of all parts and components manufactured, including: [(i) The markings applied at the time of manufacture;] (ii) The name/identity of the manufacturer; (iii) The type of parts and components manufactured; (iv) The quantity of parts and components manufactured; and (v) The date of manufacture, if possible. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 7. This provision requires that information that is “necessary to trace and identify” parts and components need only be kept where this is “appropriate and feasible”. It does not specify what information—other than markings—is or would be considered “necessary” to trace and identify illicitly manufactured or trafficked parts and components, but arguably the above details identified in subparagraphs (ii)-(iv) are necessary to identify such parts and components. Subparagraph (c)(i) is only relevant where States require parts and components to be marked (see annex I (article 23) for suggested text on “Marking of parts and components at the time of manufacture”). Article 15. Information on firearms disposed of other than by destruction [Name of competent authority] shall keep records of every firearm disposed of in accordance with [chapter XIII of this Law], including the method of disposal. Commentary Mandatory provision28 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Source: Protocol, article 6, paragraph 2. There is no requirement under the Protocol that information other than the method of disposal be recorded with respect to firearms disposed of other than by destruction (article 6, paragraph 2). However, article 6, paragraph 2, also requires that firearms disposed of must be duly marked. This is reflected in draft article 9 of this Model Law. It is logical that States would record the details of those markings as well as other identification information pertaining to the firearm upon disposal. Accordingly, States may consider keeping records of the following information regarding firearms disposed of other than by destruction: (a) A description of every firearm that is the subject of disposal, including make, model, calibre, name of the manufacturer, serial number and all markings; (b) The date of disposal; (c) The reason for the disposal. Depending on the jurisdiction, the obligation to record information on firearms disposed of other than by destruction may appear in criminal provisions and may be retained by the police, rather than the competent authority. Article 16. Information on ammunition disposed of other than by destruction [Name of competent authority] shall keep records of all ammunition disposed of in accordance with [chapter XIII of this Law], including the method of disposal. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 6, paragraph 2. There is no requirement under the Protocol that information other than the method of disposal be recorded with respect to ammunition disposed of other than by destruction (article 6, paragraph 2). However, States may wish to record the details of any markings as well as other identification information pertaining to the ammunition upon disposal, including: (a) A description of the ammunition that is the subject of disposal, including type of ammunition, lot number, name of the manufacturer and any markings; (b) The date of disposal; (c) The reason for the disposal; (d) The quantity of disposed ammunition. Part Two. Mandatory provisions 29 Article 17. Information on seized and confiscated firearms, their parts and components and ammunition [Name of competent authority] shall keep records of every firearm, part or component or ammunition seized or confiscated in accordance with [chapter XIII of this Law], including the following information: (a) The date of seizure or confiscation; (b) The reason for seizure or confiscation; (c) The name and address of the person from whom the firearm, part or component or ammunition was seized or confiscated; (d) Where the item seized is a firearm, a description of every firearm seized or confiscated, including:.ةيقافتلا نم 2 ةدالما نم )ز( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
(i) Make;1 رايلخا
(ii) Model;؛هليطعت تم يذلا يرانلا حلس�لا "ل ّطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا" يربعتب دس�قي )و(7 ةيديهتم ماكحأا -لوألا ءزلجا قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )أا( ةرقفلا في ليطعتلا ئدابم ّينبت :ردس�لما ةحلس�ألا ينب زييمتلا ىر���ج اذإا لإا ايرورس�و امهم "ل ّطعلما يرا���نلا حل���س�لا" ف���يرعت نو���كي لو ايران احلس� ل ّطعلما حلس�لا ةلودلا برتعت لم اذإا يأا ,ةلغس�لما ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألاو ة���ل ّطعلما ة���يرانلا .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل )ة(مظنلما اهنيناوق/اهنوناق في ةمئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ ]حلس�لا[ لعج" ةرا���بع مدختس�ت ,ة���يئاس�قلا تا���يلولا ض����عب فيو ."ل ّطعم" ةرابع لدب "ليغس�تلل 2 رايلخا
(iii) Calibre;يذلا يرانلا حلس�لا فيرعت قباطت يتلا ءايس�ألا "ةل
(iv) Name of the manufacturer;ّطعم ة���حلس�أا" ير���بعتب د���س�قي )و(
(v) Serial number; andةيس�اس�ألا ءازجألا عيمج لعج ةلافك عم ,ليطعتلا لعفب مادختس�لل ةمئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ لع
(vi) All markings;ُ
(e) Where the item seized is a part or component, a description ofج
every part or component seized or confiscated, including:ىلع ليدعتلا وأا ليدبتلا وأا عز نلل ةلباق يرغو ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ يرانلا حلس�لا نم
(i) The type of part or component;؛قرطلا نم ةقيرط يأاب يرانلا حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإاب حمس�ي نأا هنأاس� نم وحن
(ii) Name of the manufacturer; andقيلعتلا
(iii) Any markings;داتحلا ض�لمجو ي���بوروألا نالمبرلا ه���يجوت ن���م13 ةدا���لما ن���م )أا(
(f) Where the item seized is ammunition, a description of all
ammunition seized or confiscated, including:1
(i) The type of ammunition;‘ )ب( ةر���قفلا :رد���س�لما
(ii) The lot number;ةحلس�ألا ءانتقا ةبقارم نأاس�ب 91/477/EEC مقر ض�لجلما ه���يجوتل ل ِّد���علما 2008/51/EC ي���بوروألا
(iii) Name of the manufacturer;يبوروألا نالمبرلا ةحئل حترقم ن���م 2 ةدالما نم 4 ةرقفلا في ه���س�فن ف���يرعتلا در���يو .
andا���هتزايحو
(iv) Any markings;قلعتلما ةدحتلما ممألا لو���كوتورب نم 10 ةدا���لما ذيفنتب قلعتت ي���تلا ي���بوروألا نا���لمبرلا ض����لمجو
[(g) Other.]30 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionاهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���يدس�تب نذإلا تاءار���جإا ثد���تحو ,ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألاب
Commentary.اهلقنو اهدايرتس�او اهتيرخذو
Source: Protocol, article 6.اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ر���يدس�تب لغتس�م ض�خس� لك "ر
Article 6 of the Protocol makes explicit reference to article 12 of the Convention, thus clearly indicating that this provision complements the ordinaryّد���س�لما" ير���بعتب د���س�قي )ز(
regime on confiscation and seizure, where judicial authorities or prosecutors؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
give the order to seize or confiscate and hence the recording of these procedures can only be mandatory. There is no indication under the Protocolُ
or the Convention of the exact nature and type of information that must beي[ نم اهلاس�رإا وأا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو
recorded, but the above suggested drafting provides a comprehensive listقيلعتلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب نم 10 ةدالما ذيفنتب قلعتلما ةيبوروألا ةيس�وفلما حاترقا عورس�م ف
of details that would facilitate identification and tracing as required underّ رعي ةيحلس� هيدلو ثلاثلا دلبلا في ه���يلإا لس�رلما عم دقع هيدل" ض����خس� لك ه���نأاب "ر
article 12, paragraph 2, of the Convention.ّد���س�لما" َ ير���بعت .
In some jurisdictions regulations)2 ةدالما نم 6 ةرقفلا( "ةيكرملجا ةقطنلما جراخ ةعلس�لا لاس�رإا ريرقت
regarding police administrative records and asset forfeiture may not beوأا ,م
included in the national firearms legislation and States may include suchّ
provisions elsewhere.مس�م وه وأا ,قلطي ةناط
[Article 18. Information on deactivated firearmsَ ب َ س� يذ لوممح حلس� يأا "يرانلا حلس�لا" يربعتب دس�قي )ح(
1. [Name of competent authority] shall keep records of all requestsةحلس�ألا ءانثتس�اب ,ةرجفتم ةدام لعفب رخآا افوذقم وأا ةس�اس�ر وأا ةقلط قلطيل ,ةلوهس�ب هليوتح نكيم
for authorization to deactivate firearms made in accordance with article 21؛ةدلقلما اهجذانم وأا ةقيتعلا ةيرانلا اهتيرخذو اهتان
of this Law, including the following information:ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 8
(a) Proof that the person requesting the deactivation is the [legal/قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )أا( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
licensed] owner of the firearm;نوكي نأا عقوتيو .عيرس�تلل يلخادلا ذيفنتلا في امس�اح ارس�نع "يرانلا حلس�لا" فيرعت نوكيس�
(b) Name of the [legal/licensed] owner of the firearm;اهيدل ض�يل يتلا لود���لا ىلع ينعتيو .
(c) Residential address of the [legal/licensed] owner of the firearm;ًلس�أا ثر���كأا وأا يلخاد نيوناق ف���يرعت لود���لا ن���م د���يدعلل
(d) Details of the firearm that is the subject of the deactivation,لوكوتوبرلا في دراولا فيرعتلا عم لقألا ىلع قفتي افيرعت جردت نأا يلخادلا نوناقلا في فيرعت
including:ليلدلا رظنا( ةيقافتلاو لو���كوتوبرلا بجوبم نواعتلا لاكس�أا فلتمخ قيبطت نا���مس� ل���جأا ن���م
(i) Make;.)35و 34 ناترقفلا ,يعيرس�تلا قاطن ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا ض�عب كلذكو ةيميلقإلاو ةيلودلا كوكس�لا ض�عب في دمُتعا دقو ىلع ,ةيرخألا هذه لمس�تو .ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ىلع قبطنت اهنإا ثيح عس�وأا ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب عورس�لما يرغ راتجلا عنبم قلعتلما ةدحتلما ممألا لمع جمانرب ,لاثلما ليبس� يذلا ليودلا كس�لاو ,هيلع ءا���س�قلاو راتجلا كلذ ةحفاكمو هبناوج لك���ب ة���فيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو في اهب ّقعتو ةعورس�لما يرغ ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ىلع ف ّ رعتلا نم لودلا نّكيم ةعاملجا ةيقافتاو ,)4 ةرقفلا( )بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا( اهيلع ل ّ وعي ةقيرطبو بس�انلما تقولا امو اهتيرخذو ,ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ةحلس�ألا نأاس�ب ايقيرفأا بر���غ لود���ل ة���يداس�تقلا ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا را���س�تنا ةلكس�بم ق���لعتلما يبويرن نلعإاو ,)1 ةدا���لما( داوم ن���م ا���هب ل���س�تي .)1 ةدالما( يقيرفألا نرقلاو ىبركلا تاير���حبلا ةقطنم في ةعورس�لما ير���غ ة���فيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو لثم اهتيرخذو تار���جفتلماو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا لىإا ىر���خأا كو���كس� ير���س�تو ةقطنم في ةلس�لا تاذ داولما نم اهيرغو ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةبقاربم قلعتلما لوكوتوبرلا ينناوق تنبت نأا اهل قبس� ي���تلا لودلا نوكت نأا يغبنيو .ي���قيرفألا بو���نجلل ة���يئانمإلا ة���عاملجا فيكتت نأاو قراوفلاب ملع ىلع ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألل ف���يرعت ىلع ءا���نب ة���ينطو .يجذومنلا نوناقلا مادختس�اب ةينطولا اهتاعيرس�ت ةغايس� دنع كلذ عم وأا اهليدبت وأا تاك���لتملما لقنل تقؤولما ر���ظلحا "ط���بس�لا" وأا "د���يمجتلا" ير���بعتب د���س�قي )ط( ةمكمح نع رداس� رمأا ىلع ءانب ةتقؤولما ةرطيس�لا وأا ةس�ارحلل اهعاس�خإا وأا اهكيرتح وأا اهيف فرس�تلا ؛ىرخأا ةس�تمخ ةطلس� وأا قيلعتلا .ةيقافتلا نم 2 ةدالما نم )و( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا بلجو دايرتس�ا لامعأاب لغتس�ي نم لك "دروتس�لما" يربعتب دس�قي )ي( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو اهئازجأا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا بيكرت وأا عنس� "عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا" يربعتب دس�قي )ك( :اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكم وأا ؛ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب رجّتم تانوكمو ءازجأا نم ’ 1 ‘ ؛]ض�يخاترلا رادس�إا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم نذإا وأا ض�يخرت نود وأا ’ 2 ‘9 ةيديهتم ماكحأا -لوألا ءزلجا ؛نوناقلا اذهل اقفو ,اهعنس� تقو تاملعب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و نود وأا ’ 3 ‘ قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )د( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ا "عورس�لما يرغ راتجلا" يربعتب دس�قي )ل( وأا ةلود ميلقإا نم اهلقن وأا اهكيرتح وأا اهميلس�ت وأا اهعيب وأا اهؤوانتقا وأا اهريدس�ت وأا اهتيرخذو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�اب نذأا���ي ل ةينعلما لودلا نم يأا ناك اذإا ىر���خأا ة���لود م���يلقإا لىإا هبر���ع تناك اذإا وأا اهلقن وأا اهكيرتح وأا اهميلس�ت وأا اهعيب وأا اهئانتقا وأا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو .نوناقلا اذهل اقفو تاملعب ةموس�وم يرغ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم ) ه( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما اهجاتنإاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ر���يوطت في "ع���ينس�تلا" ل���ثمتي )م( احلس� ض�يل[ ءيس� ليدبت وأا ليوتح كلذكو ض�يخرت بجوبم اهجاتنإاو ا���هبيكرتو ]ا���يس�كع ا���هتس�دنهو[ ؛]ل َّطعم حلس� ليغس�ت ةداعإاو[ يران حلس� لىإا ]ايران قيلعتلا دقو ."عنس�لا" ةرا���بع ف ّ ر���عي ل ه���نكل "عور���س�لما ير���غ ع���نس�لا" لو���كوتوبرلا ف ّ ر���عي :رد���س�لما قفرلما هنمس�تي يذلا "عنس�لا" فيرعت نم يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذ���ه في دراو���لا ف���يرعتلا د���متس�ا ءات 54/54 ة���ماعلا ةيعملجا رارقب ل���مع أاس�نُلما ين���يموكلحا ءابر���لخا ق���يرف ر���يرقت ن���م لوألا .يلس�ألا فيرعتلا نم اءزج ض�يل ينتفوقعم ينب دراولا ض�نلاو .)A/CONF.192/2( ةحلس�أا" ةل ّطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا برتعت ل يتلا فارطألا لودلا ىلع ينعتي ,لوكوتوبرلا بجوبمو ةداعإاو" ةرابع جاردإا نوكي ل ,اذهلو .ليغس�تلا ةداعإا عنلم ة���يرورس�لا ير���بادتلا ذ���ختت نأا "ة���يران ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لعج مزلتس�ت ل ليطعت يرياعم ةلودلل تناك اذإا لإا ايرورس� "ل ّطعم حلس� ليغس�ت .لطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإا ىلع ض�نتو ,ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ ةل ّطعلما م ّ مس�م ,لاد���بتس�ا ر���س�نع وأا ر���س�نع يأا "تا���نوكلماو ءاز���جألا" ير���بعتب د���س�قي )ن( وأا ,قلغلما ةبلع وأا لكيهلا وأا ,ةناطبس�لا كلذ في ابم ,هليغس�تل يس�اس�أاو يران حلس�ل اس�يس�خ توس�لا ض�فلخ ل ّدعم وأا م ّ مس�م زاهج يأاو ,قل���غلما ة���لتك وأا قل���غلما وأا ,ة���ناوطس�ألا وأا ق���لزلما ؛يران حلس�ب يمرلا هثدحي يذلا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 10 قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )ب( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ؛يرابتعا ض�خس� وأا يعيبط ض�خس� "ض�خس�" يربعتب دس�قي )ض�( ىلع لطعم يران حلس� ةرد���ق عاجترس�ا ةيلمع "ل���يغس�تلا ةدا���عإا" ير���بعتب د���س�قي )ع( ؛لغس�م يران حلس� لثم لمعلا قيلعتلا ءازجألا عيمج لعج ينعتي" هنأا ىلع ض�ني ليطعتلا ئدابم دحأا ّنأا ىلع حوس�وب لوكوتوبرلا ض�ني ةداعإا نكيم ل ثيحب "ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ة���فس�ب ةلباق يرغ لطعلما يرانلا حل���س�لا ن���م ة���يس�اس�ألا احلس�" ل ّطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا برتعت ل يتلا فارطألا لودلا ىلع ينعتيو يرانلا حلس�لا ليغس�ت .)لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )أا( ةرقفلا( ليغس�تلا ةداعإا عنلم ةمزللا يربادتلا ذختت نأا "ايران حلس� ليغس�ت ةداعإاب ليطعتلا يرياعم اهيف حمس�ت يتلا نادلبلا في ,ض�يس�نتلا يغبني ,كلذ عمو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ليغس�ت ةداعإا مدع نمس�ي ام ىلع ,لغس�م ا���يران احلس� ح���بس�يل ل��� ّطعم يرا���ن اعنس�" برتعت اهب نوذأالما يرغ يرانلا حل���س�لا ليغس�ت ةدا���عإا ّنأا ى���لعو ق���بس�م نذإا نود ة���ل ّطعلما يتلا ماكحألاب ةلومس�م يهف هيلع ءانبو "اعنس�" لكس�ت "ليغس�تلا ةدا���عإا" ّنأا يأا ,"عور���س�م ير���غ .عنس�لا مظنت ؛يرابتعا ض�خس� لثمم "لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا" يربعتب دس�قي )ف( اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل يجهنلما بقعتلا "رثألا ءافتقا" يربعتب دس�قي )ض�( ىلع ةس�تخلما تاطلس�لا ةد���عاس�م ض�رغل يترس�لما لىإا عناس�لا ن���م ,ن���كمأا ا���مثيح ,ا���هتيرخذو .امهليس�افت ليلتحو امهنع يرحتلاو عورس�لما يرغ راتجلاو عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا فس�ك قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )و( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما جرد ُ ي[ برع ةدروتس�لما ةير���خذلا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ل���قن "رو���بعلا" ير���بعتب د���س�قي )ق( .رخآا دلب لىإا ]ةلودلا مس�ا يذ عيرس�تلا ناونع جرد ُ ي[ �ل اقفو ةدا���لما هذه في اهل فيرعت دري ل ي���تلا ير���باعتلا ير���س�فت ب���جي .]يرس�فتلا نوناق لثم ,ةمظنألاو ينناوقلا ةغيس� يرس�فت نأاس�ب ةلس�لاةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا قيلعتلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتوبرل ةيمازلإلا ماك���حألا عيمج نأاس�ب يجذونم نوناق ض�ن نيا���ثلا ءز���لجا ل���مس�ي ةقلعتلما لوس�فلا كلذ لمس�يو .ةيلخادلا تاعيرس�تلا في اهجاردإا نامس� لودلا ىلع يتلا ةيرانلا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ل يباقرلا ميظنتلا لىإا فدهت يتلا ةيئاقولا يربادتلاب ماكحألاب ةقلعتلما لوس�فلاو اهل ليودلا لقنلاو اهب ةقلعتلما تلجس�لا ظفحو اهمس�وو اهتيرخذو .ليودلا نواعتلاب ةقلعتلما ةيمازلإلا يربادتلاو ةيئاقولا يربادتلا نم ةدمتس�لما ةيمازلإلا ةيئازلجا ةيئاقولا يربادتلا -فلأا مص�قلا عنص�لا -ثلاثلا لص�فلا قيلعتلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ة���حفاكم لجأا نم لوكوتوبرلا في ةدراولا طور���س�لا ل���س�فلا اذ���ه لوا���نتي ةزايح اينمس� لو���كوتوبرلا يس�تقيو .ة���عورس�م يرغ ةرو���س�ب ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرح لودلل كتري هنكل ,ةير���خذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ع���نس�ل ر���خآا نذإا وأا ض����يخترل ين���عناس�لا لوكوتوبرلا طترس�ي امك .اهريدقت ب���س�ح تانوكلماو ءازجألا ع���نس�ل نذإا وأا ض����يخرت طاتر���س�ا .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلا نع ةلوؤوس�م ةس�تمخ ةئيه ثادحإا لودلا ىلع اينمس� ينعناس�لا ض�يخرت ماظن هذختي نأا بجي يذلا لكس�لا ليس�فتلاب لوكوتوبرلا حس�وي لو تارابتعا( لوألا قفرلما في دريو .لودلا ريدقتل ةيربك ةجردب كرُت انمإاو ,ام ةلود هئس�نت يذلا .ةينطولا مهتاعيرس�ت نمس� هجاردإا في رظنلا ينناوقلا يغئاس�ل نكيم فياس�إا ض�ن هاندأا )ةيفاس�إا عنس� ىلع ةينطولا طباوس�لا" ةنونعلما 10-03 ةدحولا في ةيفاس�إا ةيرايتخا تا���هيجوت در���ت ا���مك .ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم ةيلودلا يرياعلما نم "ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ض�يخرت نود عنس�لا رظح -5 ةدالما ض�خس�لا اذه نكي لم ام ةيرخذلا وأا ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ع���نس�ي نأا ض����خس� يأل زو���جي ل -1 :كلذ لعفي 11 اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 12 اقفوو نوناقلا اذهل اقبط ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ هردس�ت ض�يخرت بجوبم )أا( ؛ض�يخترلل .كلذ فلخب نوناقلا هب نذأاي ام بس�ح وأا )ب( قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم ’ 2 ‘ )د( ةرقفلاو 5 ةدالما نم )أا( )1( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما يرغ عنس�لا" فيرعت بجوبم ىرخأا ةس�تمخ ةئيه وأا ض�يخرت ةئيه دوجو لوكوتوبرلا ض�ترفي وأا ثادحإا دعيو ."ةس�تمخ ةطلس� ن���م نذإا وأا ض�يخرت نودب" ع���نس�لا ل���مس�ي يذ���لا ,"عور���س�لما تايلولا ض�عب فيو .ايمازلإا ارمأا ينعناس�لل نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلا نع ةلوؤوس�م ةس�تمخ ةئيه دوجو هنييعت متي ةطرس� طباس�ل ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ض�يخرت حنم ةطلس�/ةيحلس� ىطعت ,ةيئاس�قلا في درتو .ةلوؤوس�م ة���ينعلما ةرازولا نوكت ,ىرخأا ةيئاس�ق تا���يلو فيو .)ة���طرس�لا ض����وفم ل���ثم( ةقفرلما حئاوللا وأا تاعيرس�تلا نم ةيمازلإلا يرغ تايوتحلماب تاحترقم )3 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما .قيبطتلا تاءارجإا ليس�فتلاب رس�فت يتلا :كلذ لعفي ناك اذإا لإا تانوكلماو ءازجألا عنس�ي نأا ض�خس� يأل زوجي ل -2 اقفوو ,نوناقلا اذهل اقبط ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ هردس�ت ض�يخرت بجوبم )أا( ؛ض�يخترلل .كلذ فلخب نوناقلا هب نذأاي ام بس�ح وأا )ب( قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )د( ةرقفلاو 5 ةدالما نم )أا( )1( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما امك( عنس�لاب نوذأا وأا ض�خر رادس�إل ا���ماظن لودلا ئس�نت نأا ة���حارس� لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي ل نأا يرغ .)لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم )1( ةرقفلا( دايرتس�لاو ريدس�تلل ةبس�نلاب نأاس�لا وه ض�يخرت" ةزايح مدع لعج للخ نم ايلعف كلذ ض�رفت لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم )د( ةرقفلا ناكرأا نم انكر "عيمجتلا وأا عنس�لا اهيف يرجي يتلا فرطلا ةلودلا في ةس�تمخ ةطلس� نم نذإا وأا كلتمو ,ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلع طرس�لا اذه رس�تقيو ."عورس�لما ير���غ ع���نس�لا" ة���يمرج ينعتيو" :ةيرخألا ةلملجا بجوبم تانوكلماو ءاز���جألا عنس� ض�يخترل ةيريدقتلا ة���طلس�لا لود���لا امكو ."يلخادلا نوناقلا ماكحأل ا���قفو تانوكلماو ءازجألا ع���نس�ب نذإلا وأا ض����يخترلا نو���كي نأا ض�يخترلا ض�رف لودلل زوجي هنأا وه كلذ رثأا" نإاف ,)189 ةر���قفلا( ي���عيرس�تلا ل���يلدلا في درو ."كلذب ةمزلم تس�يل اهنكلو تانوكلماو ءازجألا عنس�ب نذإلا وأا13 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ع���نس�ل ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحاب ض�خس�لا ماز���لإا ا���م ة���لود ترا���تخا اذإاو ةغايس�لا دامتعاو 2و 1 ين���ترقفلا جمد كاذ ذإا ن���كيم ,تانوكلماو ءاز���جألا ك���لذكو ةير���خذلاو :ةيلاتلا ةليدبلا اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكم وأا اهءازجأا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ي نأا ض�خس� يأل زوجي ل -1 :كلذ لعفي لم ام اقفوو ,نوناقلا اذهل اقبط ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ هردس�ت ض�يخرت بجوبم )أا( ,ض�يخترلل .كلذ فلخب نوناقلا هب نذأاي ام بس�ح وأا )ب( ينعناس�لل ض�يخترلا طورس� -6 ةدالما ىلع ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ اهس�رفت طورس� يأل ع���ناس�لا ة���س�خر ع���س�خت -1 .ةس�خرلا .ةس�خرلا هل عس�خت طرس� يأل عناس�لا ةس�خر لماح لثتيم -2 :ةيلاتلا طورس�لل ,ةدالما هذه نم ’ 1 ‘ ةرقفلاب للخإلا نود ,ةس�خر لك عس�خت -3 ؛نوناقلا اذه نم 7 ةدالما في ةدراولا مس�ولا طورس�ل هل ض�خرلما لثتيم )أا( قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح مس�ولا طترس�ت نأا لودلا ىلع ض�رفت يتلا لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )أا( )1( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما .ةلس�فم طورس� يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم عبارلا لس�فلا في درتو .عنس�لا تقو اذه نم ض�مالخا لس�فلا في ةدراولا تلجس�لا ظفح طورس�ل هل ض�خرلما لثتيم )ب( .يجذومنلا نوناقلا قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما :ردس�لما رثأا ءافتقل ة���يرورس�لا تامولعلما ض�عبب ظا���فتحلا لفكت نأا لود���لا ىلع م���كلحا اذ���ه ض����رفي في ةلس�فلما طور���س�لا درتو .ةعورس�م يرغ ةرو���س�ب اهب ر���جتلما وأا ة���عونس�لما ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا .يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم ض�مالخا لس�فلا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 14 وأا لودلجا جرد ُ ي[ في ةدراولا نيزختلا طورس�ل لثتيم نأا هل ض�خرلما ىلع بجي )ج( مس�ا جرد ُ ي وأا ينعناس�لاب ةس�الخا نيزختلا طورس� نمس�تت يتلاو نوناقلا اذهب ةقفرلما حئاوللا .]عنس�لا تقو نمآلا نيزختلل ةمظنلما ىرخألا حئاوللا وأا نوناقلا قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 11 ةدالما نم )أا( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ن���مأا طاترس�ل" ةمئللما ير���بادتلا ذختت نأا لود���لا ىلع م���كلحا اذ���ه ض����رفي يتلا يربادتلا ليس�فتب لو���كوتوبرلا لوانتي لو ."ع���نس�لا تقو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو يربادتلا جاردإا حترقلما نمو .ة���بس�انلما يربادتلا ديدتح لودلا قتاع ى���لع ع���قيو ا���هذاختا ين���عتي ةيهيجوت ئدابم في وأا نوناقلاب ةقفرم ة���حئل وأا قفرم لودج في ةلودلا ا���هددتح ي���تلا ة���ينمألا .ةلوهس�ب اهثيدتح نكيم ىتح ,ةلقتس�م .ض�يخترلل ةيمازلإا يرغ ةيفاس�إا طورس� )7 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما حترقيو15 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا مص�ولا -عبارلا لص�فلا قيلعتلا تانوزخلما نم اهلقنو اهدايرتس�او اهعنس� تقو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و لودلا ىلع 8 ةدالما ض�رفت ةحلس�ألا ةيهام ديدتح ى���لع هذه مس�ولا تاملع د���عاس�تو .ة���يندلما تا���نوزخلما لىإا ة���يموكلحا ثادحتس�ا ىلع ين���عناس�لا لودلا عجس�ت نأا لو���كوتوبرلا يس�تقي ا���مك .ا���هرثأا ءا���فتقاو ة���يرانلا )ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا( لوألا ق���فرلما مدقيو .اهريوتح وأا مس�ولا تاملع ة���لازإل ةدا���س�م ير���بادت ,ةينطولا مهتاعيرس�ت في هجاردإا في رظنلا مهنكيم ايفاس�إا احترقم ا���س�ن تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ةيميظنت ماكحأاو ةير���خذلاو تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�وب ق���لعتت ةيمازلإا يرغ ماك���حأا ك���لذ في ا���بم .مس�ولا ةقيرطب قلعتت ليوألا مص�ولا -فلأا عنس�لا تقو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و -7 ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةرقفلل اقبط ,هعنس� تقو ةزيمم ةملعب يران حلس� لك عناس� لك مس�ي -1 .ةدالما قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )أا( )1( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما تقو" ةرابعب دس�قي ام نأاس�ب ثركأا ليس�افت يمدقت في رظنلا لىإا تاعيرس�تلا وغئاس� جاتحي دق .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 86 ةرقفلا رظنا( اهقفو بولطم وه ام وأا "عنس�لا .عنس�لا تقو مس�ولا تاملع عس�و هيلع ّينعتي نم ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا لو���كوتورب د ّد���حي لو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�وب عناس�لا ىلع امازتلا يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم ةدالما هذه عورس�م ض�رفيو .اس�يأا عنس�لا تقو مس�ولا تاملع اهس�فن ةلودلا عس�ت ,نادلبلا ض�عب فيو .عنس�لا تقو ممألا لمع جمانرب وأا بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا ذيفنت راتخت يتلا ةلودلا نم اس�يأا بلطيو تقو تاملعب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�ت نأا ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ة���حلس�ألاب ق���لعتلما ةد���حتلما .عنس�لا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 16 ءازجألا مس�و لو���ح ايرايتخا احترقم ا���س�ن )26و 23 نا���تدالما( لوألا ق���فرلما ن���مس�تيو مهتاعيرس�ت في هجاردإا في رظنلا تاعيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل نكيم عنس�لا ت���قو ةير���خذلاو تا���نوكلماو .ةينطولا اقفو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ في يران حلس� لك ىلع عس�وت يتلا ةديرفلا ةملعلا
(ii) Model;ّينبت -2
(iii) Calibre;:ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل
(iv) Name of the manufacturer;؛عنس�لا دلب يه ]هنم لىوألا فورلحا وأا ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
(v) Serial number; andُ
(vi) All markings.ي[
2. Where [name of competent authority] authorizes the deactivationّنأا )أا(
of a firearm in accordance with article 21 of this Law, [name of competent؛عناس�لا مس�ا )ب(
authority] shall keep records of:.ديرفلا لس�لس�لما مقرلا )ج(
(a) The certificate issued by [name of competent authority] in accordance with article 23 of this Law; or Part Two. Mandatory provisions 31قيلعتلا
(b) The markings applied to the deactivated firearm in accordanceيمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )أا( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
with article 11 of this Law.]ةعونس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلع ةديرف ةملع عس�و طترس�ت نأا امإا لودلا ىلع لوكوتوبرلا ض�رفي
Commentaryمس�و ةملع يأاب ظفتتح نأا وأا ل���س�لس�لما مقرلاو عنس�لا ناك���م وأا د���لبو ع���ناس�لا م���س�ا ن���مس�تت
Source: Protocol, article 9.ةيمقر ةيس�دنه ةرفس�ب ة���نورقم ةيس�دنه ازومر نمس�تتو لامعتس�لا ة���لهس� نو���كت ة���ليدب ةد���يرف
Article 9, subparagraph (c), requires a “certificate or record attesting to theزومر مادختس�اب لودلل حمس�ي لو .ع���نس�لا دلب ىلع ةرس�ابم فر���عتلا ن���م ن���
deactivation” to be kept as part of the verification process. If a State choosesّكتم ,ة���يدجبأا وأا/و
to mark deactivated firearms rather than keeping certificates or records ofمس�ولا ماظن ناك اذإا لإا ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا مس�ول ةيدجبأا وأا/و ة���يمقر ةر���فس�ب ة���نورقم ة���يس�دنه
deactivation, a record of the mark should be kept, although not explicitly.لوكوتوبرلل اقباس� نأا ىلع ض�ني يذ���لا ))أا( 8 ةرقفلا( هس�فن طر���س�لا ب���قعتلل ليود���لا ك���س�لا ن���مس�تيو
required by the Protocol. Such records could be kept as an additional safeguardوأا ,لس�لس�لما مقرلاو عنس�لا دلبو عناس�لا مس�ا نمس�تت ةديرف ةملعب حلس�لا مس�و لودلا طترس�ت
against illicit reactivation. This would assist in the tracing of firearms that haveةطيس�ب ةيس�دنه ازومر نمس�تتو لامعتس�لا ةلهس� نوكت ةليدب ةديرف مس�و ةملع يأاب ظافتحلا
been reactivated (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 130)..عنس�لا دلب ىلع ةلوهس�ب فرعتلا نم نّكتم ةيدجبأا وأا/و ةيمقر ةرفس�ب ةنورقم
C.  Administrative  requirementsةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب ق���لعتلما ةدحتلما ممألا لمع جمانرب طتر���س�ي ا���مك
Article 19. Duration of record-keepingيران حلس� لك ىلع لس�لس�لما مقرلاو عناس�لاو عنس�لا دلب مس�و )نياثلا لس�فلا نم 7 ةرقفلا(
All records retained in accordance with this Law/section shall be maintained for at least [...] years from the date such information was recorded..عنس�لا تقو
Commentaryىلع ))أا( 8 ةرقفلا( بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا ض�ني ,هلعأا ةدراولا تارابتعلا نع لس�فو
Mandatory provision.هرايعو حلس�لا زارط/جذونمو عنس�لا ةنس� ليبق نم ةيفاس�إا تامولعم مس�و لودلا "عجس�ت" نأا
Source: Protocol, article 7.ل ةدلم ةعونس�لما ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألل تل���جس�ب ظا���فتحلا طتر���س�ي لو���كوتوبرلا نأا ا���بمو
This provision requires States to ensure that records necessary to trace andمهلما نمف ,)ي���جذومنلا نوناقلا اذ���ه نم 16 ةدا���لما عورس�م ر���ظنا( تاو���نس� ر���س�ع ن���ع ل���قت
identify illicit weapons are kept “for not less than ten years”.مقر هيجوتلا ض�نيو .تلجس�لا ظفح بجاول لاثتملا نامس�ل ع���نس�لا ةنس�
Drafting noteّين���بت ة���ملع ع���س�و
There are two points to consider here:ض�لجلما ن���ع ردا���س�لا 91/477/EEC م���قر ه���يجوتلل لد���علما( ة���يبوروألا ة���عامجلل 2008/51/EC
(a) The only information the Protocol specifically requires States to ensureعنس�لا تقو ةعوس�ولما تا���ملعلا ّنأا ىلع )اهتزايحو ةحلس�ألا ءا���نتقا ة���بقارم نأا���س�ب ي���بوروألا
maintenance of is markings (article 7, subparagraph (a)), so there should be)أا( 2 ةرقفلا( لس�لس�لما مقرلا نم اءزج خيراتلا اذه نكي لم نإا عنس�لا خيرات نمس�تت نأا يغبني
a mandatory requirement to keep records of markings for at least 10 years.)أا( 2 ةرقفلا( ايقيرفأا بر���غ لودل ةيداس�تقلا ةعاملجا ةيقافتا ي���س�قت ا���مك .)4 ةدا���لما ن���م17 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
However, article 7 also requires the maintenance of information “necessary toةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت لامج في تاس�راملما لس�فأا نأاس�ب رانس�افل ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلماو )18 ةدالما نم
trace and identify” firearms for 10 years. Accordingly, whatever informationنواعتلاو نمألا ةمظنم نع ةرداس�لا ةقيثولاو )2 -ايناث ةرقفلا( ةفيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا
States parties determine, under their national legislation, is “necessary” mustلىإا ةراس�إلاب ))أا( 2 -نياثلا مس�قلا( ,ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ة���حلس�ألا نأا���س�ب ا���بوروأا في
be recorded for at least 10 years;.عنس�لا تقو عس�وت يتلا تاملعلا في عنس�لا ةنس�
(b) The International Tracing Instrument provides (paragraph 12 (a)) thatض�ئاس�خ نابس�لحا في ذخأات نأا لودلل زوجي هنأا لىإا )71 ةرقفلا( يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا يرس�يو .مس�ولا تاملعل ديرفلا عباطلا زيزعتل رايعلاو عونلاو جذومنلاو زارطلا لثم ,ةيهالما ددتح ىرخأا
records pertaining to marked small arms and light weapons “be kept indefinitely”, 32 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition)لوبترنإلا( ةيئانلجا ةطرس�لل ةيلودلا ةمظنلما اهمدختس�ت يتلا ض�ئاس�لخا لىإا ةراس�إلا درت امك
but in any case manufacturing records must be kept for at least 30 years andبقعتل لوبترنإلا ماظن مس�اب فرعت تناك يتلا( اهب ةس�الخا ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ع���
all other records for at least 20 years. The Programme of Action on Small Armsّ
and Light Weapons (chapter II, paragraph 9) provides that records on theبتت ة���موظنم في
manufacture of small arms and light weapons should be kept “for as long asنإاو( تاقلطلا ددعو ةروس�الما لوطو رايعلاو جذومنلاو زارطلا لمس�ت يتلاو )تارجفتلماو ةحلس�ألا
possible”..
The OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons (section II)ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عاونأا عيمجب قلعتي اميف اديفمو ابس�انم اذه نكي لم
(c)) and the Wassenaar Best Practice Guidelines (paragraph 2 (c)) provide thatتقو ةيلاتلا ةيفاس�إلا تاملعلاب مس�ولا طاترس�ا في رظنت نأا لودلل زو���جي ,ك���لذل ا���عبتو
records of manufacturers’ holdings of small arms should be maintained and:7 ةدالما نم )ج(-)أا( 2 ةرقفلا في اهركذ قباس�لا ةيمازلإلا تا���ملعلا لىإا ة���فاس�إلاب ع���نس�لا
held “for as long as possible”.مس�او دايرتس�لا د���لب ناك اذإاو .
Given the durable nature of small arms and lightهرايعو هجذونم وأا ه���عونو هزارطو يرا���نلا حل���س�لا ع���نس� ة���نس�
weapons, including firearms, and the importance of record-keeping to facilitateةعاملجا ةيقافتل اقفوو .اس�يأا امهب يرانلا حلس�لا مس�و نكيم ,عنس�لا تقو ينفورعم دروتس�لما
their traceability, best practice would suggest that manufacturing records shouldعنس�لا تقو اهعس�و ين���عتي يتلا تاملعلا لمس�ت نأا يغبني ,ا���يقيرفأا بر���غ لود���ل ة���يداس�تقلا
be kept, ideally, indefinitely.)أا( 2 ةرقفلا( "عنس�لا تقو ةفورعم ت���ناك نإا ... دس�قلما دلبو يترس�لما ة���يوه ن���ع تا���مولعم"
States may consider including provisions requiring records to be kept for.)18 ةدالما نم
longer than is required under the Protocol, as per the suggested drafting below:امك .ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا مس�و ةقيرط وأا ناك���م لىإا ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا لو���كوتورب ير���س�ي لو
Option 1.ةيفاك ةيراجتلا هتملع تناك نإا وأا ع���ناس�لل لماكلا مس�لا ع���س�و ي���غبني ناك نإا دد���حي ل ه���نأا
All records retained in accordance with this Law/section shall be keptىوتس�لما اذه نانمس�تي ل دق هيدل ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نوناق وأا ام د���لبل ي���س�يئرلا نو���ناقلا نأا ع���مو
indefinitely from the date such information was recorded.ددحيو .ةيعرفلا ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلما وأا حئاوللا في اهديدتح يغبني هنإاف ,ة���ينقتلا ل���يس�افتلا ن���م
Commentaryبونجلل ةيئانمإلا ةعاملجا لوكوتوربو يبويرن لوكوتورب كلذ في ابم ,ةيميلقإلا كوكس�لا ض�عب
Source: International Tracing Instrument, paragraph 12 (a).كلذكو كوكس�لا هذه لىإا عوجرلا ىلع لودلا ع
Option 2َّ
All manufacturing records in accordance with this Law/section shall beجس�تو ,تاملعلا عس�و ناكمو ةقيرط ,يقيرفألا
kept as long as possible, and for at least thirty years, and all other recordsةيمرلجاو تاردخلماب ينعلما ةدحتلما ممألا بتكم اهردس�يس� يتلا ةينقتلا ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلما لىإا
required under this Law/section for at least twenty years from the date suchبناولجا نأاس�ب تا���هيجوتلا نم ديزملل "تلجس�لا ظ���فحو م���س�ولا" ة���نونعلما 30-05 ةد���حولاو
information was recorded..ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و نم ةينقتلا
Commentaryةيفاص�إلا تاملاعلا -ءاب دايرتس�لا دنع ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و -8 ةدالما
Source: The International Tracing Instrument, paragraph 12 (a); the Programmeمس�و يران حلس� دايرتس�اب ,موقت ةيمومع تامدخ ةلاكو وأا ,موقي ض�خس� لك ىلع -1
of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (chapter II, paragraph 9); theمس�ا جرد
OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons (section II (c)); and theُ
Wassenaar Best Practice Guidelines (paragraph 2 (c)).ي[ لىإا هدايرتس�ا نم ]مايأا .
Part Two...
Mandatory provisions 33[ نوس�غ في ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةر���قفلل ا���قفو حل���س�لا اذ���ه
[Chapter VI..
Deactivation of firearms]ةلودلا
Commentaryقيلعتلا
These draft provisions regarding deactivation are only necessary and relevantيمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما اهتيرخذو اهتان
if a State does not recognize a deactivated firearm as a “firearm”.ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 18
Many States allow the possession (and display) of deactivated firearms byددحي ل هنكل ةدروتس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلع ةطيس�ب مس�و تاملع ع���س�وب لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�قي
collectors, museums, rifle clubs and so on.في ددتح نأا في لودلا لىإا رمألا عجري ,كلذلو .
Such deactivated firearms are generally subject to fewer controls.تاملعلا كلت هيف عس�وت نأا بجي يذلا تقولا -05 ةدحولا في درتو .
To ensure that deactivated firearms are notمس�ولا تاملع عس�و ينعتي دايرتس�لا ةيلمع نم ةلحرم يأا في وأا تقو يأا
transferred to illicit destinations and reactivated, the Protocol requires that anyتاهيجوت ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم ةيلودلا يرياعلما نم "تلجس�لا ظفحو مس�ولا" ةنونعلما 30
deactivation that takes place be essentially irreversible (article 9, subparagraph (a))..
When drafting legislation on this issue, States must consider theعوس�ولما اذه لوح ةيفاس�إا ةيرايتخا عس�و "يرورس�لا نم ض�يل" هنأا ىلع لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلا ض�نتو
circumstances in which they will permit deactivated firearms to be possessed.دّكأاتلا نكيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل ا���تقؤوم دروتس�ت يتلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ى���لع داير���تس�لا تا���ملع
Once a State has determined the circumstance where it is lawful to possessةرقفلا في هيلع ض�وس�نلما رايلخاب لودلا اهيف ذخأات يتلا تلالحا في مكلحا اذه قبطنيو .اهنم
deactivated firearms, it must regulate the manner of deactivation. (Annex IIIةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا روبعو ريدس�تو دايرتس�ا نأاس�ب ةط
provides several examples of national deactivation standards.)ّ
The Protocol requires States that do not recognize deactivated firearms asس�بم تاءارجإا دمتعت نأا يأا ,10 ةدالما نم 6
“firearms” in their domestic law to adopt measures to prevent illicit reactivationلس�فلا رظنا( اهنم ققحتلا ن���كيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل ,اتقؤوم ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتان
of deactivated firearms. While the principle of preventing reactivation is mandatory under the Protocol, the Protocol does not prescribe what measures shouldّ
be taken or adopted by States, but rather provides some general principlesوكمو ا���هئازجأاو
that should be applied to such measures. These principles are mandatory.نوناقلا اذه نم )اتقؤوم روبعلاو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا نأاس�ب ةطس�بلما تاءارجإلا( رس�ع عباس�لا
Where States do not recognize deactivated firearms as “firearms” under theirمدعو تقؤولما لقنلا عاونأا ض�عبل ط��� ّ س�بم ماظن ثادحإا رايخ لودلل ,ك���لذل ا���عبتو .)ي���جذومنلا
national law (and therefore deactivated firearms fall outside the national control.اهنم ققحتلا نكيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل اتقؤوم دروتس�ا يران حلس� ىلع دايرتس�لا تاملع عس�و
measures), they should adopt the draft provisions set out in this chapter inلمس�تو "اهنم ققحتلا نكيم يتلا ةعورس�لما ض�ارغألل" ةلثمأا 10 ةدالما نم )6( ةرقفلا مدقتو
order to ensure consistency with the principles and objectives of the Protocol..حلس�إلاو ض�راعلماو مييقتلاو ةيامرلا ةس�ايرو ديس�لا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
States should also review and adopt the provisions in draft article 11 (Markingُ ي[ لىإا دروتس�ي يران حلس� لك ىلع ةعوس�ولما ةزيملما ةملعلا ينبت -2
at the time of deactivation) (chapter IV), draft article 18 (Information on:يلي ام ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل اقفو
de activated firearms) (chapter V), and draft article 38 (Illicit deactivation)؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
(chapter XI) in this Model Law.ُ
[Article 20. Prohibition to deactivate a firearm without authorizationي[ دايرتس�لا دلب )أا(
A person shall not deactivate a firearm unless:قيلعتلا
(a) That person is:يمازلإا مكح
(i) Licensed to manufacture firearms in accordance with chapter III.لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم .)ب( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
of this Law; or34 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionةدروتس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا نم 8 ةدالما نم )ب( ةرقفلا ض�رفت امك
(ii) Otherwise authorized to deactivate firearms by [name of competent authority];.
andدايرتس�لا دلب ىلع فرعتلا حيتت ةملعب
(b) [Name of competent authority] has given specific [authorization/؛دايرتس�لا ةنس� )ب(
approval] to deactivate the firearm in accordance with article 21 of this Law.]قيلعتلا
Commentaryيمازلإا مكح
There is no requirement under the Protocol that deactivation of firearms be.لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
carried out by persons who are specially skilled and authorized to do so.امثيح" دايرتس�لا دنع ةعوس�ولما ةملعلا في داير���تس�لا ةنس� لىإا ةرا���س�إلاب لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�قي ةحلس�ألا مس�و بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا نم 8 ةدالما نم )ب( ةرقفلا ي���س�تقت ا���مك .
However, a certain amount of technical skill and familiarity with firearms is requiredط���قف "ن���كمأا
to permanently deactivate a firearm..
Accordingly, good practice suggests that"نكمأا امثيح" دايرتس�لا خيرات ديدتح نم نّكتم ةملعب ةدروتس�لما ةيرانلا19 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
only qualified persons, such as manufacturers and gunsmiths, should be:امثيح )ج(
permitted to undertake the work.عيمجرفوتلدروت���س�لمايرانلاحا���س�لاى���لعةدو���جولماةز���يملماة���ماعلات���ناك 
[Article 21. Prior authorization to deactivate a firearm’ 1 ‘ ؛يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذهنم7ةدالما فيةدراولا تامولعلما
1. Any person who wishes to deactivate a firearm shall apply to [nameةدراولاتامولعلما؛قاطإلاىلعةزيممةماعيأالمحيليرانلاحاس�لاناكوأا
of competent authority] for authorization to deactivate the firearm.
2. An application to deactivate a firearm shall include the following2
information:
(a) Name of the licensed owner of the firearm;.يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذهنم7ةدالما في
(b) Residential address of the licensed owner of the firearm;قيلعتلا ةيمازلإا ماكحأا .لوكوتوبرلا نم8ةدالما نم)ب(1ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
(c) Name of the person who will deactivate the firearm;ةماعبدروتس�ميرانحاس�لكمس�وى���لعلوكوتوبرلانم8ةدا���لمان���م)ب(1ةر���قفلاص����نت
(d) Proof that the person who will deactivate the firearm is licensedيعير���س�تلاليلدلار���س�يو.ليبقلااذهنمم���س�وةماعلمحينكيلماذإاهعن���س�تقوةديرف
to manufacture firearms in accordance with chapter III of this Law or isةيس�اس�ألا طورس�لاو قفتت مس�و ةماعيرانلا حاس�لا ىلععس�وت نأا بوجو لىإا )74ةرقفلا(
otherwise authorized to deactivate firearms;ةرابعبو.لبقنماهلمحينكيلماذإا،لو���كوتوبرلان���م8ةدا���لمان���م)أا(1ةر���قفلافيةدراو���لا
(e) Details of the firearm that is the subject of the deactivation,مس�وةماعدعبلمحيليرانحاس�ىلعاهعس�ويغبنييتلاةد���يرفلاتا���ماعلانإا���ف،ىر���خأا
including:.عنس�لا تقو ةبولطلما تامولعلما ،لقألا ىلع،لمس�ت نأا بجي
(i) Make;"تاجس�لاظفحومس�ولا"ةنونعلما30-05ةدحولافيةيفاس�إاةيرايتخاتا���هيجوتدر���تو .ةرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم ةيلودلا رياعلما نم تارجفتلماورئاخذلاوةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ةحفاكلمةيكيرمألا نادلبلا ةيقافتا يس�تقتو ةدالمانم))ب(1ةرقفلا(ة���عورس�مرغةروس�باهبرا���تجلاوة���لس�لاتاذىر���خألاداو���لماو مس�ا ىلعفرعتلا حيتت ةدروتس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلعةبس�انممس�وتاماععس�و)ةس�داس�لا ،)ج(لىإا)أا(نمةيعرفلاتارقفلافيةددحلمامس�ولاتاماعلىإاةفاس�إلابو.هناونعودروتس�لما مس�اعس�وطار���س�افيرظنلالودللن���كيم،ةيرانلاة���حلس�ألالو���كوتوربه���يلعص����نيا���مبس�ح ةدالمانم2ةرقفلارظنا(دارتس�لادنعيرانلاحاس�لاىلعدارتس�لاةنس�وهتيوهوأادروتس�لما .)اهبقعتو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و نأاس�ب ةيكيرمألا لودلا ةمظنلم ةيجذومنلا تاعيرس�تلا نم3 ةيموكحتانوزمخنملقنلا تقو مس�ولا -9ةدالما ةيندمتلامعتس�ا لىإا لىإاةيموكحتانوزمخن���مايراناحاس�لقنتة���يمومعتا���مدخة���لاكولكل���فكت -1 .لقنلا عوقو لبق ةدالما هذهنم2ةرقفلل اقفو يرانلا حاس�لا  َ مس�و ةمئادةيندمتلامعتس�ا ةيموكحتانوزمخنملوقنميرانحاس�لكىلعةعوس�ولماةزيملماةماعلاد
(ii) Model;ّدتح -2
(iii) Calibre; (iv) Name of the manufacturer; (v) Serial number; and (vi) All markings.ةلودلا اهفس�وب ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
3. The firearm that is the subject of the deactivation application shallُ
be deactivated within [...] days of the issuance of the authorization toي[ ةدالما هذهنم1ةرقفلل اقفو ةمئادةيندمتلامعتس�ا لىإا
deactivate the firearm.]Part Two. Mandatory provisions 35.لقنلا اهيف عقي يتلا
Commentaryلىإا ة��ي��مو��ك��ح تا���نوز���مخن���م ه��ل��ق��ن دار�����لما يرا���ن���لا حا��س�����لا نا���ك امثيح -3
There is no requirement under the Protocol that prior approval from the competent authority must be sought before a firearm is deactivated. However, asة��ما��ع��لا ت��نا��ك وأا قا�����طإلا ى��ل��ع ةز��ي��ممة��ما��ع ل��م��ح��ي ل ة��م��ئاد ة��ي��ند��م تلا��م��ع��ت��س���ا اهتيرخذو اهتان
part of the process for deactivating firearms, a requirement that prior authorization be obtained from the competent authority will help the competent authorityّ
keep track of deactivated firearms.وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 20
[Article 22. Method of deactivationيرا��ن��لا حل��س�����لا م��س���و م��ت��ي ,ة��ي��لا��ت��لا تا��مو��ل��ع��لما ع��ي��م��ج لمس�ت ل ةدو����جو����لما ةز��ي��م��لما
Any deactivation of a firearm shall::ةيتآلا تامولعلماب
(a) Render all essential parts of a deactivated firearm:؛عنس�لا دلب )أا(
(i) Permanently inoperable; and؛عناس�لا مس�ا
(ii) Incapable of removal, replacement or modification in a manner)ب(
that would permit reactivation of the deactivated firearm;.ديرفلا لس�لس�لما مقرلا )ج(
Commentaryقيلعتلا
Source: Protocol, article 9, subparagraph (a).يمازلإا مكح
One of the general principles established by the Protocol is that “all essential.لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
parts of a deactivated firearm are to be rendered permanently inoperable andة���حلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ة���حلس�ألا م���س�وت نأا ا���س�يأا ب���قعتلل ليود���لا ك���س�لا ي���س�تقي
incapable of removal, replacement or modification in a manner that would permitير���غو ة���مئاد ة���يندم تلا���معتس�ا لىإا ة���يموكح تا���نوزمخ ن���م ة���لوقنلما ة���فيفلخا
the firearm to be reactivated in any way”. States must ensure that their deactivation standards meet this principle. Similarly, European Community directiveىر���ج ي���تلا ة���لودلا ى���لع فر���عتلا ح���يتت ة���قيرطب ,ب���قعتلا ح���يتت ة���قيرطب ة���موس�ولما
2008/51/EC amending European Council directive 91/477/EEC on control of,2008/51/EC م���قر ي���بوروألا ض����لجلما ه���يجوت ي���س�قي ا���مك .ا���هتانوزمخ ن���م ل���قنلا اهتزايحو ةحلس�ألا ءا���نتقا ةبقارم نأا���س�ب 91/477/EEC مقر ي���بوروألا ض����لجلما ه���يجوتل ل ِّد���علما
the acquisition and possession of weapons stipulates that “firearms” do notنم يران حلس� لقن تقو ,لفكت نأا" ءاس�عألا لودلا ىلع نأاب )4 ةحقنلما ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا(
include objects that “have been rendered permanently unfit for use by deactivation, ensuring that all essential parts of the firearm have been rendered permanently inoperable and incapable of removal, replacement or a modificationلودلا لكل حيتت ةبس�انم ةديرف ةملعب همس�و ,ةمئاد ةيندم تلامعتس�ا لىإا ةيموكح تانوزمخ
that would permit the firearm to be reactivated in any way”.."لقانلا دلبلا ىلع فرعتت نأا
(b) Be in accordance with the technical standards established [by/لمح هبجوبم لودلا لفكت لوكوتوبرلا في حيرس� طرس� ةمث ض�يل ,3 ةرقفلا ض�خي اميفو
under] [title of the secondary legislation, regulation or guidelines thatةزيمم
contain the relevant technical standards].]ٍتاملع ةمئاد ةيندم تلامعتس�ا لىإا ةيموكح تا���نوزمخ نم ةلوقنلما ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
Commentaryةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمج
The Protocol does not establish technical standards for the deactivation ofّنأا ض�اترفا لىإا دوعي دق كلذ في ببس�لا نأا يرغ .لقنلا دلب يرغ ىرخأا
firearms. Accordingly, it is up to States to determine which techniques must beنم 8 ةدالما نم )ب(و )أا( 1 ةر���قفلل اقفو( داير���تس�لا وأا ع���نس�لا ت���قو
used to lawfully deactivate a firearm. Given that such technical specificationsًل���عف ة���موس�وم نو���كت
may be subject to change and adjustments to keep pace with technologicalةيموكح تانوزمخ نم ا���هلقن دارلما ةحلس�ألا مس�و لفكت نأا لود���لا ى���لع ين���عتيو .)لو���كوتوبرلا
advancements, it may be more appropriate to list or detail them in subsidiaryنم 88 ةرقفلا رظنا( اهلقن لبق ةبس�انم دايرتس�او عنس� تاملعب ةمئاد ةيندم تلامعتس�ا لىإا
legislation or separate technical guidelines. 36 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionةيلودلا يرياعلما ن���م "تلجس�لا ظفحو مس�ولا" ة���نونعلما 30-05 ةد���حولاو ,ي���عيرس�تلا ل���يلدلا
[Article 23..
Verification of deactivation)ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم
A firearm shall not be classified as a deactivated firearm for the purposesيرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب فرس�تلا تقو مس�ولا -10 ةدالما
of this Law [and therefore shall not cease to be a firearm] unless and]طوبس�م وأا ر
until:َ
(a) A physical inspection of the firearm has been conducted by [nameداس�م[ يران حلس�
of competent authority or another person authorized by the competentّيأا م���س�و ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا م���س�ا جرد���
authority]; andُ
(b) A [deactivation] certificate has been issued to the licensed ownerي[ ل���فكت -1
of the firearm by [name of competent authority] containing the followingً
information: (i) Confirmation that the firearm has been rendered permanently inoperable in accordance with article 22 of this Law; (ii) Name of the [legal/licensed] owner of the firearm; (iii) Residential address of the [legal/licensed] owner of the firearm; (iv) Details of the firearm that is the subject of the deactivation, including: a. Make; b. Model; c. Calibre; d. Name of the manufacturer; e. Serial number; and f. All markings; (v) Name of the person carrying out the deactivation; (vi) Address of the person carrying out the deactivation; (vii) Date of deactivation; (viii) Details of the method of deactivation; or (c) The firearm has been stamped with a clearly visible mark in accordance with article 11 of this Law.] Commentary Source: Protocol, article 9, subparagraphs (b) and (c). One of the general principles established by the Protocol is that arrangements should be made for deactivation to be verified by a competent authority to ensure that the firearm has been rendered permanently inoperable. Part Two. Mandatory provisions 37 [Article 24. Surrender of licence Within [seven days] of receipt of the [deactivation] certificate from [name of competent authority] in accordance with article 23, paragraph 1 (b), of this Law, the licensed owner of the firearm shall surrender the licence to [name of licensing authority], which shall cause the licence to be cancelledامس�و نوناقلا اذه نم رس�ع ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقبط يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب هيف فرس�تلا تم
and destroyed..
]فرس�تلا عوقو لبق ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةرقفلاو قفتي
Commentary If a firearm is deactivated, the licence to own that firearm should be cancelled and a record of that cancellation should be retained. 38 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Chapter VII. Import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition Commentary Article 10, paragraph 1, of the Protocol requires States to establish or maintain an effective system of licensing or authorization to control the import and export of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. The Protocol also requires that States take measures on international transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Such a system must ensure that such items are not exported to or through countries that have not authorized the transfer (article 10, paragraphs 2 and 4) and that the content of the documents used for legal import and export is sufficient to support the offence of trafficking (article 10, paragraph 3). States must also take measures to enhance accountability and security associated with their import and export system (article 10, paragraph 5). The Protocol does not specify in detail the form the system of licensing of import and export or the measures on international transit a State must take. This is left largely to the discretion of States (further optional guidance on this is available in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 03.20, “National controls over the international transfer of small arms and light weapons”). In addition to ensuring that legislation incorporates all the mandatory provisions of the Protocol, States may have existing obligations under other multilateral, regional and subregional agreements that have application to the international import, export or transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition (drafters may wish to refer to the related instruments listed in annex II). States should choose the provisions of the Model Law that complement their existing legislation and obligations and reflect the appropriate level of control required by their State. Annex I (Additional considerations) provides further suggested text that drafters can also consider for inclusion in their national legislation. Licensing  [authorization]  of  import,  export  and  transit of firearms,  their parts and  components  and ammunition Article 25. Prohibition of import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition without a licence [authorization] 1. No person may import into or export from [name of State] any firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition without [the prior receipt in writing of an import or export licence] [the prior written authorization] issued in accordance with this Law by [name of licensing authority].Part Two. Mandatory provisions 39 2. No person may carry in transit through [name of State] any firearms, their parts and components or ammunition without an in-transit [licence] [authorization] issued in accordance with this Law by [name of licensing authority]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraph 1. Article 10, paragraph 1, contains the basic requirement to establish measures that control transactions or transfers that involve import, export or transit. It requires States to establish or maintain an effective system of export and import licensing or authorization. Where import and export control regimes already exist, legislation may need to be revised to include the need for a licence to importers and exporters of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and to any specific requirements of the Protocol that are not already covered. The Protocol does not specifically require that transit activity be licensed. However, “measures” must be taken on international transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and that, in accordance with article 10, paragraph 2 (b), transit States have given notice in writing that they have no objection to the transit. It is at the discretion of States to choose the appropriate system of licensing for import and export and measures for international transit. Model Law article 25, paragraph 2, is appropriate where a State chooses to license transit activities. What constitutes “import” and “export” should generally be consistent with existing national law and international standards. The Protocol presupposes the existence of a licensing authority by virtue of article 10, paragraphs 1 and 2. Though not an explicit requirement in the Protocol, in order for States to fulfil the requirement to establish or maintain an effective system of export and import licensing or authorization (article 10, paragraph 1) and the other mandatory requirements under article 10, legislative measures (where they do not already exist) will be necessary to ensure that officials have the necessary authority to consider and issue or refuse import, export and transit licences. This may be done by creating new offices or by amending legislation to expand the role of existing officials (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 100). Article 26. Verified or validated documents Before it issues an import, export or transit licence [authorization], [name of licensing authority] may require the applicant to provide original or certified copies of the documentation submitted in support of their application.40 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraph 5. The Protocol requires States to take measures, within available means, to ensure that licensing or authorization procedures are secure and that the authenticity of licensing or authorization documents can be verified. The measures are not specified. This provision is suggested as one option for States to meet this mandatory obligation. Article 27. Application for an export licence [authorization] 1. The applicant shall apply for a licence [authorization] for an export of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority]. 2. No export licence shall be granted without: (a) A copy of the import licence [authorization]. The licence [authorization] must state the country of issuance, date of issuance and expiration, identification of the authorizing agency, the final recipient and a description and the quantity of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition, or a copy of documentation demonstrating that an application for an import licence [authorization] has or will be made; and (b) Copies of in-transit licences [authorizations] (as applicable). Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraphs 2 (a) and (b) and 3. The Protocol requires that licences or authorizations be issued for exports of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Before an export licence or authorization is issued, the importing State must have issued import licences or authorizations and any transit States must have given notice in writing, prior to the shipment, that they have no objection to the transit. These provisions create a reciprocal system requiring States to provide authorizations to one another before permitting shipments of firearms to leave, arrive in or transit across their territory, enhancing the ability of law enforcementىرخأا ةقيرطب هيف فرس�تلا تم يران حلس� ىلع ةعوس�ولما ةزيملما ةملعلا نوكت -2
to track the legal movement of shipments to prevent theft and diversion. It is left:ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل اقفو يرمدتلا يرغ
to implementing States to determine whether it will be the State or the exporter؛ليطعتلا يه فرس�تلا ةقيرط تناك امثيح ,نوناقلا اذه نم 11 ةداملل
who will be responsible for acquiring the required authorizations from the importerًةقباطم )أا(21 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ةقيرط تمدخُتس�ا امثيح ,نوناقلا اذه نم 7 ةدالما في ةدراولا تامولعملل
and transit States or if it will be a combination of the two, that is, the exporter Part Two. Mandatory provisions 41ًةلماس� )ب( :و ليطعتلا يرغ فرس�تلل ىرخأا نمس�تت ل هيف فرس�تلا متيس� يذلا يرانلا حلس�لا ىلع ةز���يملما ة���ملعلا ت���ناك
obtains the authorization from the importer (via the importer) and the exporting
State contacts the transit country to confirm that it has no objection to the1
transaction (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 102). In this Model Law provision, the exporter is responsible for acquiring the required authorizations.
In practice, it may be that, at the time of applying for an export licence,؛نوناقلا اذه نم 7 ةدالما في ةدراولا تامولعلما عيمج
the exporter is unable to provide the transit authorization..
The exporter mayقلطإلا ىلع ةزيمم ةملع يأا لمحي ل هيف فرس�تلا دارلما يرانلا حلس�لا ناك وأا
also not be able to supply a copy of the import licence or authorization because:
(a) it is not available at the time of application; or (b) the transaction is with a2
Government that would not itself issue an import licence or authorization if the
goods in question were for its own use. In order still to maintain complianceقيلعتلا
with this mandatory provision of the Protocol, drafters may consider the suggested text for a “conditional export licence” provision in annex I (article 53).يمازلإا مكح
An application process serves as the basic obligation to provide necessary.لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
information about the transaction. The form and manner of issuance and theداولماو تارجفتلماو رئاخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ة���حفاكلم ةيكيرمألا نادلبلا ة���يقافتا ي���س�قت
information required on an export licence or authorization application form isلك ىلع مس�و تاملع لودلا عس�ت نأاب ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ةلس�لا تاذ ىرخألا
discretionary. It is for the State to decide on the content and the degree ofمتي وأا ر َّ مدت لمو( يمس�رلا لامعتس�لل اهب ظفُتحا يتلا ةرداس�لما وأا ةزوجحلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا
detail necessary for its legislative or regulatory framework..
Other than the)ةس�داس�لا ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةرقفلا( )كلذل اعبت اهيف فرس�تلا
in-transit authorization (where applicable) and a copy of the import licence orفرس�تلا دارلما ةحلس�ألل ةبس�نلاب ةبولطلما مس�ولا تاملع ةعيبط لوكوتوبرلا د ّدحي لو ةرداس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في فرس�تلاب يمس�ر نذإا ردس� دق نوكي نأا ىلع طقف ض�ني ذإا .اهيف نأاو ,"تاملعب ت���مس�و دق ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نوكت نأا ة���طيرس�" ,ير���مدتلا ير���غ ىر���خأا ة���قيرطب وه انه ض�ترفلما طرس�لاو .)6 ةدا���لما نم 2 ةرقفلا( تل ِّ ج ُ س� دق ا���هيف فر���س�تلا ق���ئارط نو���كت
authorization document, the content of these application procedures are)أا( 1 ةرقفلا في ةدراولا طور���س�لا ,لقألا ىلع ,نمس�تت ةديرف ةز���يمم ة���ملعل ة���حلس�ألا ل���مح
optional. Suggestions for the content of legislation or accompanying regulationsلىإا ةلاحإلا ينعي امم ,لس�لس�لما م���قرلاو عنس�لا ناكم وأا دلبو ع���ناس�لا م���س�ا يأا ,8 ةدا���لما ن���م
detailing the application procedure are included in annex I (article 51).ةملع ةمث نكت لم اذإا لإا ,ةديدج م���س�و ةملع عس�و طاترس�ا ل
Article 28. Application for an import licence [authorization]ًل���عف ةدو���جوم ع���ناس� ة���ملع
The applicant shall apply for a licence [authorization] for an import of.لبق نم ةدوجوم ةزيمم
firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition in theل ّطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا برتعت ل ام ةلود تناكو ليطعتلا يه فرس�تلا ةقيرط تناك لاح فيو
prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority].ليطعتلا ةملع غمد طاترس�ا في رظنلا لودلل زوجيف ,يلخادلا اهنوناق بجوبم "ايران احلس�"
Commentary.لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا في هيلع ض�وس�نم وه امك فرس�تلا دنع
Mandatory provisionليطعتلا تقو مس�ولا -11 ةدالما[
Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraphs 1-3.مس�ا جرد
The Protocol requires that licences or authorizations be issued for imports of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition before the issuing of theُ
relevant export authorization. With regard to import, article 10 of the Protocol—ي[ تردس�أاو نوناقلا اذه نم 22 ةدا���ملل اقفو يران حل���س� ل���
beside the generic reference to the establishment of an effective system forِّطع ا���مثيح -1
import, export and transit (paragraph 1)—provides that those States which areعناس�[ ض�خس�لا موقي ,نوناقلا اذه نم 23 ةداملل اقفو ليطعتلا تبثت ةداهس� ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا
in the process of issuing the export licence or authorization must verify thatيلي ابم يرانلا حلس�لا ل ّطع يذلا ]هل نوذأام رخآا ض�خس� وأا اهعئاب وأا اهيف رجتلما وأا ةحلس�ألا
an import authorization has been issued (paragraph 2). However, the form andرايلخا[ وأا/و ]ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةرقفلل اقفو ل ّطعلما حلس�لا ىلع ةيئرم ةملع غمد :1 رايلخا[
manner of issuance and the information required on an import licence orناونع جرد
authorization application form are not specified. It is at the discretion of theُ
State to decide on the content and the degree of detail necessary for its legislative or regulatory framework. Suggestions for the content of legislation orي[ �ل اقفو ]]دمتعم ض�حف برتمخ[ فرط نم ل ّطعلما يرانلا حل���س�لا م���س�و ة���لافك :2
accompanying regulations detailing the application procedure are provided in.]ض�حفلا برتمخ في مس�ولا تاءارجإل ةم ِّظنلما ةمئاقلا حئاوللا وأا ةينقتلا تافس�اولما اهتيرخذو اهتان
annex I (article 52). 42 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionّ
Article 29. Particulars of an export or import licence [authorization]وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 22
1. Any import or export licence issued by [name of licensing authority] and accompanying documentation shall, at a minimum, include:قيلعتلا
(a) Place and date of issuance of the licence [authorization];يمازلإا مكح
(b) Expiry date of the licence [authorization]; (c) Country of import and country of export; (d) Name and physical address of the final consignee or end-user; (e) Description and quantity of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition to be transferred under licence, including [insert theحلس� ليطعت نم ققحتلا لمتس�ي نأا ىلع لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا ض�نت
following as desired or appropriate: serial numbers, barrel length, overallوأا ,يرانلا حلس�لا ليطعت ةعقاو اهيف ن
length, action, number of shots, calibre, velocity and force, type of bullet,ّ
value of the items]; (f) Where applicable, the countries of transit. 2. [Name of licensing authority] shall provide the information contained in an import licence to any transit States in advance of the shipment. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraph 3. This is the minimum mandatory information required by the Protocol that must appear together on a licence and the accompanying documentation. In addition, where a State chooses to establish a system for regulating the activities of those who engage in brokering, pursuant to article 15, paragraph 1 (c), of the Protocol, that State could require disclosure on import and export licences orودُت ةداهس� رادس�إا ىلع ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا بناج نم يران
authorizations or accompanying documents of the names and locations ofاذهب ةديج ةس�رامم كانهو ."ةعقاولا هذه نع حوس�وب ة���يئرم ةملعب حلس�لا ك���لذ غ���مد ى���لع"
brokers involved in the transaction. In addition to this minimum information as required by the Protocol, States may also choose to require additional information on the licence. These are suggested provisions where it is left to the discretion of the State party to decide the degree of detail to be contained in the import/export licence or authorization and are not required by the Protocol. Some examples of additionalفي ءاس�عألا لودلل نكيمو .ةبس�انم ةملع عس�و اذكو ةداهس� طاتر���س�ا بو���جو لىإا ير���س�ت نأا���س�لا
information a State might require are: Name and physical address of the applicant and all other parties involved in the transaction and details of their registration or authorization Any conditions imposed on the licence Details of the transport route, including countries of transit, trans-shipment and ports of entry or exit (where applicable and if available)Part Two. Mandatory provisions 43نم ةبس�انم ةملع عس�و طترس�ت نأا ةلومحلما ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا رابتخل ة���مئادلا ة���يلودلا ة���نجللا
Article 30. Delivery verification [Name of licensing authority] may request the [exporter] [importing State] to provide confirmation from the country of import of the receipt of the dispatched shipment of firearms, their parts and components and/or ammunition. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraph 4. The Protocol creates a prerogative on the part of the exporting State to request delivery verification of a dispatched shipment of firearms, their parts and components or ammunition from the importing State. A State could choose to require a delivery verification certificate as standard practice or reserve the right to verify deliveries on specific exports, in which case this could be specified as a licence condition on the particular export licence. Such an obligation would generally be undertaken by the exporter as the entity required to provide proof of delivery of the dispatched items, though the importing State could also be requested to produce proof of delivery. States may require production of original documentation or certified copies of original documentation. Draftersهذه فيو ."ل ّطعم احلس�" هرابتعاب يرانلا حل���س�لا فينس�ت لبق دمتعم ض����حف بر���تمخ ب���ناج
can consult annex I (article 62) for further text supplementing this provision. 44 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionليطعت
Section B.ّلىوتي يذلا ض�خس�لا مايق يفكي ابمر ىرخأا لود فيو .
Penal and provisional provisions2 رايلخاب ذخألا نكيم ,تلالحا
Commentary Mandatory offences Article 5 of the Firearms Protocol establishes a series of mandatory offences relating to the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and tampering with markings on firearms. The Protocol requires the criminalization of three groups of central offences:.1 رايلخاب ذخألا نكيم ,ةلالحا هذه فيو .ةبس�انلما ةقيرطلاب لطعلما حلس�لا مس�وب يرانلا حلس�لا
(a) Illicit manufacturing: (i) Any manufacturing or assembly of firearms without marking; (ii) Any manufacturing or assembly from illicit (trafficked) parts and components; and (iii) Any manufacturing or assembly without legal permit or authorization; (b) Illicit trafficking: (i) Any transnational transfer without legal authorization; and (ii) Any transnational transfer if firearms are not marked; (c) Removing or altering serial numbers of other markings. A further group of offences is established in article 5, paragraph 1 (c), of the Protocol, which criminalizes a list of activities that render the markings on a firearm unintelligible or inaccurate, making it impossible to uniquely identify the firearm or trace it against past records created using the original marking. Drafters should draft these provisions in accordance with their domestic criminal law tradition, ensuring that the content of each offence is complete and that the language used will be interpreted by domestic courts and other competent authorities in a manner consistent with the Protocol. Suggestions for optional firearms-related offences a State can also consider for inclusion in their national legislation are included in annex I (articles 64-72). Non­inclusion of “transnationality” and “organized criminal group” in domestic offences Article 1 of the Firearms Protocol states that the Protocol should be interpreted together with the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Article 4 of the Protocol limits its applicability to the prevention, investigation and prosecution of offences that are transnational in nature and involve an organized criminal group, except as otherwise stated.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 45 However, as the Legislative Guide explains, national legislators should not incorporate the transnational element and the involvement of an organized criminal group in the definition of the specific mandatory offences included in article 5 of the Protocol. Although the Convention and the Protocol require national legislators to establish some degree of transnationality, this does not mean that national laws on firearms should be limited to that requirement, and national prosecutors must not be obliged to obtain evidence of transnationality or of the involvement of an organized criminal group in order to obtain conviction for any of the offences contained in the law (for further details, see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 21). Offences established in accordance with the Protocol should apply regardless of whether the offence was committed by an individual or was committed by individuals associated with an organized criminal group, and regardless of whether this can be established. Mens rea All of the criminalization requirements of the Convention and the Protocol require that the conduct of each offence must be criminalized if committed intentionally. However, article 34, paragraph 3, of the Convention expressly allows States to adopt “more strict or severe” measures than those provided for by the Convention. Given the varying degrees and definitions of mens rea in national jurisdictions, this Model Law has left it open for drafters to decide whether to include and specify the level of intent required for each article in accordance with their legal system and national practice. Drafters should also note that the element of intention refers only to the conduct or action that constitutes each criminal offence and should not be taken as a requirement to excuse cases in particular where persons may have been ignorant or unaware of the law that constituted the offence (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 174 (d)). Sanctions As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 173), each of the offence provisions in the Protocol must be established as offences in criminal law. This principle applies unless the accused is a legal person, in which case the offence may be a criminal, civil or administrative offence. It is up to States to determine the appropriate sanction depending on their existing national sanctions regime. However, sanctions adopted in domestic law for the offences must take into account and should be proportionate to the gravity of the offences (Convention, article 11, paragraph 1). Penalties for offences, including “serious” crimes under domestic law, are left to the discretion of national drafters, though, to have the Convention applied to such offences, the sanction must be for a maximum penalty of at least four years’ deprivation of liberty. This requirement is general and applies to both natural persons and legal entities. Further, the general system of aggravating or mitigating circumstances existing within a State’s national legislation would be applicable to the offences provided for under the Model Law. Given the range of sanctioning practices within national jurisdictions, the Model Law leaves it to the discretion of the State to decide the appropriate form and level of sanction, in line with existing national practice.46 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Liability of legal persons Article 10, paragraph 4, of the Convention sets out additional provisions regarding legal entities, requiring that legal persons held liable for “serious” crimes be subject to effective, proportionate and dissuasive criminal or non-criminal sanctions (civil or administrative), including monetary sanctions. Such sanctions could include, for example, dissolution, disqualification from participation in public procurement, publicizing the decision or freezing of assets. Convention criminal offences and penal provisions The Protocol must be read in conjunction with its parent Convention. Theهذه نم 1 ةرقفلا قفو ل ّطعم يران حلس� لك ىلع ةعوس�ولما ةزيملما ةملعلا يرس�تو -2
provisions of the Convention apply, mutatis mutandis, to the Protocol (Protocol, article 1, paragraphs 2 and 3) and offences established pursuant to the].]نوناقلا اذه نم 22 ةداملل اقفو[ ل ِّط ُ
Protocol are to be considered offences established under the Convention.ع دق يرانلا حلس�لا
This means that States must also criminalize the Convention offences ofّنأا لىإا ةدالما
participation in an organized criminal group (Convention, article 5), launderingقيلعتلا
of proceeds of crime (Convention, article 6), corruption (Convention, articleيمازلإا مكح
8) and obstruction of justice (Convention, article 23) and apply them to firearms-related offences..
This also requires States to take a number of measuresلوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
into consideration with respect to the offences established by the Protocol.ةداهس� رادس�إا ,ققحتلا ةيلمع راطإا في ,ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا ىلع ينعتي هنأا ىلع مكلحا اذه ض�ني
These are set out in article 11 of the Convention and include, for example,حوس�وب ةيئرم ةملعب حلس�لا ك���لذ غمد وأا ,يرانلا حلس�لا ليطعت ة���عقاو ه���يف ن
conditions for release for people accused of Protocol offences, general conditions for parole or early release, and statute of limitations (see the Legislativeّ
Guide, paragraph 173). These obligations form part of the requirements ofود��� ُت ل���جس� وأا
the Convention and as such are not specifically mentioned for inclusion in a.ةعقاولا هذه نع
firearms law.ليطعتلا ةملع في ليطعتلا د���لبو ليطعتلا ةنس� جاردإا في ر���ظنت نأا ا���س�يأا لود���لل زو���جيو
Article 5 of the Convention requires a State to criminalize participation in.كلذ طترس�ي ل لوكوتوبرلا نأا مغر23 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
an organized criminal group (paragraph 1 (a)) and to criminalize organizing,تلاجص�لا ظفح -س�مالخا لص�فلا
directing, aiding, abetting, facilitating or counselling the commission of a serious crime involving an organized criminal group (paragraph 1 (b)). Article 6,قيلعتلا
paragraph 2 (b), of the Convention also requires a State to include as predicateلوكوتوبرلا طترس�يو .لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةداملل اقفو تلجس�لا ظفح طورس� لس�فلا اذه لوانتي
offences all serious crimes as defined in article 2 of the Convention (an offenceاهئازجأاب كلذكو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما ض�عبب "ظافتحلا نمس�ت" نأا لودلا ىلع
punishable by a maximum deprivation of liberty of at least four years) and theناك اذإا ا���م ددحي ل لوكوتوبرلا نأا ير���غ .ا���بس�انم ك���لذ نو���كي ا���مثيح ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو
offences relating to criminalization of participation in an organized criminalةمئاقلا تانايكلاو ض�اخس�ألا قتاع ىلع وأا اهس�فن ةلودلا قتاع ىلع عقي تل���جس�لا ك���لت ظ���فح
group (article 5), corruption (article 8) and obstruction of justice (article 23).ناك اذإا ام ر
These provisions can be of relevance to the investigation and prosecution ofّ
offences established under the Protocol where the offence involves an organized criminal group.ر���قتل ةلود لكل كوترم رمألاو .
The present Model Law does not propose model provisionsك���لذ لىإا ا���مو ر���يدس�تلاو داير���تس�لاو ة���عانس�لاب
for these.ةطس�نألاب ةمئاقلا تانايكلاو ض�اخس�ألا قتاع ىلع وأا/و يه اهقتاع ىلع ع���قي تل���جس�لا ظ���فح
Mutual legal assistance Article 18 of the Convention requires States to afford each other the greatestفياس�إا حترقم ض�ن )ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا( لوألا قفرلما في دريو .ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألاب ة���لس�لا تاذ
possible assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings for.ةينطولا مهتاعيرس�ت في هجاردإا في رظنلا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل نكيم
Convention and Protocol offences. Article 18 provides a detailed set of provisions on mutual legal assistance that States should incorporate in their domestic legislation and practice (see the Legislative Guide for the Implementation Part Two. Mandatory provisions 47ةيلوؤوس�م عقت امدنع امه لوأاب ذخألا يغبني ,يننثا نيرايخ ةيلاتلا ماكحألا عيراس�م مدقتو
of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime,ظفحب ةلودلا ماز���تلا لمس�ي ,ةلالحا هذه فيو .لوألا ما���قلما في ة���لودلا ى���لع تل���جس�لا ظ���فح
1ةحلس�ألاب ةلس�تلما تاقفس�لا عيمجو ةعونس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمج ليس�افت
paragraphs 450-499).َليجس�ت تلجس�لا
Investigation and prosecution Matters related to investigation and prosecution are contained in the Conventionىلع عقت تلجس�لا ظفح نع لىوألا ةيلوؤوس�لما تناك امثيح نياثلا رايلخاب ذخألا يغبنيو .ةيرانلا
and relevant provisions include, for example, those related to joint investigationsهذه فيو .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةلس�تلما ة���طس�نألاب ,ةمئاقلا تانايكلاو ,ين���مئاقلا ض����اخس�ألا ق���تاع
(article 19), special investigative techniques (article 20), the cooperation of anض�يخترلا تابلط نم ةاقتس�لما تامولعلما ىلع تلجس�لا ظفحب ةلودلا مازتلا رس�تقي ,ةلالحا
accused person who provides substantial cooperation in the investigation and.ض�يتفتلا تايلمعو
prosecution of an offence covered by the Convention (article 26, paragraphs 2ةدوجولما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةلس�تلما تلجس�لا ظفحب قلعتت اماكحأا لس�فلا اذه نمس�تي لو
and 3), and law enforcement cooperation (article 27).مغر ,بقعتلا لهس�ي ابم تلجس�لا ظفلح لماس� ماظن يأا نمس�تي نأا يغبنيو .
Article 24 of the Convention requires a State to take “appropriate” measures within its means to provideةلودلا ةزوح في
effective protection from potential retaliation or intimidation for witnesses (andةزوح في دجوت يتلا تانوزخملل
where appropriate relatives and other persons close to them) in criminal proceedings who give testimony concerning offences covered by the Convention.ٍتلجس� ,لوكوتوبرلا في ديدحتلا ه���جو ىلع ارو���كذم ض����يل ه���نأا
States may already have a broad range of provisions aimed at facilitatingةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا في ةداع درت ل ماكحألا هذه نأا مغرو .اهتكرحو ةلودلا
the investigation and prosecution of criminal offences. In such cases, Statesةدوجولما ةحلس�ألا تلجس� ظفحب قلعتت ماك���حأا جاردإا في رظنت نأا يغبني لود���لا
may want to review them in the light of the present Model Law, so as to ensureّنإا���ف ,ة���يرانلا
that they also cover the offences of illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in/ض�يلجا تابيتكو عافدلاب ةقلعتلما ة���يرادإلا ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلما وأا ين���ناوقلا في ة���لودلا ةزو���ح في
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition."تلجس�لا ظفحو مس�ولا" ةنونعلما 30-05 ةدحولا في درتو .
However, given theنزاخلما ةرادإا مظنت يتلا ةطرس�لا
intrusive nature of some of those provisions, some States have constitutional.عوس�ولما اذهب قلعتت ىرخأا ةيرايتخا تاهيجوت ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم ةيلودلا يرياعلما نم
constraints in introducing these measures. In some other jurisdictions, theseتاقفص�لا تلاجص� -فلأا
measures are only permitted with regard to clearly specified crimes consideredةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةيلودلا تاقفس�لاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -12 ةدالما
to be of particularly serious nature and justifying an exception to the ordinaryر
investigations, procedures and techniques (for example, international drug trafficking offences, financing of terrorism and transnational organized crime).ّدس�م وأا درو���تس�م لك :2 رايلخا[ ]]ض����يخترلا ةئيه م���س�ا جرد���
Drafters should take into account the particular constitutional and legal framework when considering the use and application of such measures.ُ
1ي[ ظ���فتحي :1 را���يلخا[
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.05.V.2, part one.48 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionحنيم ض�يخرت بجوبم ةلوقنلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمجب تلجس�ب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,هل ض�خرم
Chapter VIII. Criminal offences: illicit manufacturing:كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذهل اقفو اهتيرخذو اهتان
Commentaryّ
This chapter contains the three mandatory criminal offences related to illicitوكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 24
manufacturing of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition as:]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
required by article 5 of the Protocol. Those offences are:ُ
(a) Any manufacturing or assembly of firearms without marking;ي[ نم ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا تر ِّدس� امثيح )أا(
(b) Any manufacturing or assembly from illicit (trafficked) parts and components; and؛ريدس�تلا نذإا وأا ةس�خر رادس�إا خيرات
(c) Any manufacturing or assembly without legal permit or authorization.
The purposes of the offences are to ensure that the basic import, export1
and tracing requirements of the Protocol are not circumvented by manufacturing
all of the parts and components of a firearm and carrying out exports before؛ريدس�تلا نذإا وأا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ءاس�قنا خيرات
assembly into the finished product; that manufacturing of firearms will not take
place covertly, without the authorization of a competent authority; and that the2
manufacturing process includes markings sufficient for tracing.
Article 31. Illicit manufacturing of firearms؛دايرتس�لا دلب
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] manufactures or assembles firearms:
(a) Using parts and components that have been illicitly trafficked; or3
(b) Without a licence [authorization] obtained in accordance with
chapter III of this Law; or:]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
(c) Without marking the firearms at the time of manufacture, inُ
accordance with article 7 of this Law;ي[ لىإا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ا تم امثيح )ب(
commits an offence.؛دايرتس�لا نذإا وأا ةس�خر رادس�إا خيرات
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article
shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/1
up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Part Two. Mandatory provisions 49
Commentary؛دايرتس�لا نذإا وأا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ءاس�قنا خيرات
Mandatory provision
Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 1 (a).2
Article 3, subparagraph (d), of the Protocol defines “illicit manufacturing” as
the manufacturing or assembly of firearms, their parts and components or؛ريدس�تلا دلب
ammunition:
“(i) From parts and components illicitly trafficked;3
“ (ii) Without a licence or authorization from a competent authority of the
State Party where the manufacture or assembly takes place; or؛نوناقلا اذه نم 8 ةداملل اقفو ةعوس�ولما دايرتس�لا تاملع
“(iii) Without marking the firearms at the time of manufacture.”
This draft article contains three different offences. The first is to ensure that4
the basic import, export and tracing requirements of the Protocol are not circumvented by manufacturing all of the parts and components of a firearm and
carrying out exports before assembly into the finished product; the second]كلذ في ابم ,ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا ىتح عبّت
offence ensures that manufacturing of firearms will not take place covertly, withoutُ
the authorization of a competent authority; and the third offence aims to ensureيس� يذلا يرس�لا طخ نع ليس�افتلا عيمج[ )ج(
that the manufacturing process includes markings sufficient for tracing (see the؛جورخو لوخد ئناوم وأا روبع لود
Legislative Guide for the Implementation of the Protocol, paragraph 181).ّيأا
Article 32. Illicit manufacturing of parts and componentsبس�ح ةيلاتلا تامولعلما جردت[ )دروتس�لما نع افلتمخ ناك نإا( يئاهنلا يقلتلما مس�ا )د(
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] manufactures or assembles parts and components:وأا لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا مس�او ,دارفألل ةبس�نلاب ة���يس�نلجاو ةماقإلا دلبو ناونعلا :لا���لحا ى���س�تقم
(a) That have been illicitly trafficked; or؛]تاموكلحا وأا ةيراجتلا تانايكلل ةبس�نلاب لثملما
(b) Without a licence [authorization] obtained in accordance with؛فس�ولا/فينس�تلا بس�ح ةجردم ريدس�تلل ةدعلما ةحلس�ألا ةيمك ) ه (
chapter III of this Law; commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 1 (a).50 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition The definition of “illicit manufacturing” in article 3, subparagraph (d), of the Protocol only makes reference to the absence of marking of firearms as an element of illicit manufacturing and, as noted in chapter IV (Marking) of this Model Law, the Protocol does not require the marking of parts and components. However, if a State chooses to require manufacturers to mark parts and components at the time of manufacture, the following should be included as a component (subparagraph (c)) of the crime of illicit manufacturing of parts and components: (c) Without marking the parts and components at the time of manufacture, in accordance with [annex I, article 23 (Marking of parts andامبس�ح ةيلاتلا تامولعلما جردت[ لثم ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ؛ة���يفاس�إا ة���يفس�و تا���مولعم )و(
components at the time of manufacture)] of this Law. Article 33. Illicit manufacturing of ammunition 1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] manufactures or assembles ammunition: (a) Using parts and components that have been illicitly trafficked; or (b) Without a licence [authorization] obtained in accordance with chapter III of this Law; commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ up to ...] [a fine of the ... category].تاقلطلا ددعو رثألاو ليامجإلا لوطلاو ةروس�الما لوطو ةلس�لس�لما ماقرألا :بس�انم وأا بولطم وه
Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 1 (a). Article 5, paragraph 1 (a), requires States to establish illicit manufacturing of ammunition as a criminal offence. The definition of “illicit manufacturing” in article 3, subparagraph (d), of the Protocol only makes reference to the absence of marking of firearms as an element of illicit manufacturing and, as noted in chapter IV (Marking) of this Model Law, the Protocol does not require the marking of ammunition. However, if a State chooses to require manufacturers to mark ammunition at the time of manufacture, the following should be included as a component (subparagraph (c)) of the crime of illicit manufacturing of ammunition: (c) Without marking the ammunition at the time of manufacture, in accordance with [annex I, article 26 (Marking of ammunition at the time of manufacture)] of this Law.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 51 Chapter IX. Criminal offences: illicit trafficking Commentary Illicit trafficking is one of the “central” offences established by the Protocol. Article 3, subparagraph (e), of the Protocol establishes two specific mandatory criminal offences in relation to illicit trafficking: (a) any transnational transfer of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition without legal authorization; and (b) any transnational transfer if the firearms are not marked in accordance with article 8 of the Protocol. Article 34. Transnational transfers without legal authorization.]ض�اس�رلا عونو ةوقلاو ةعرس�لاو رايعلاو
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] imports,قيلعتلا
exports or otherwise acquires, sells, delivers, moves or transfers any firearmيمازلإا مكح
or its parts and components or ammunition from or across the territory of.لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما نم )ب( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
[name of State] to another State without legal authorization [a licence] issuedةيلودلا تاقفس�لاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -13 ةدالما
in accordance with [name of this Law] commits an offence.ةيرخذلاو تانوكلماو ءازجألل
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this articleر
shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ّدس�م وأا درو���تس�م لك :2 رايلخا[ ]]ض����يخترلا ةئيه م���س�ا جرد���
up to ...] [a fine of the ... category].ُ
Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 1 (b). This provision incorporates the definition of “illicit trafficking” in the Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (e). Article 35. Transnational transfers of unmarked/improperly marked firearms 1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] imports, exports or otherwise acquires, sells, delivers, moves or transfers any firearm from or across the territory of [name of State] to another State that have 52 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition not been marked at the time of manufacture, at the time of import or at the time of transfer from government stocks to civilian use in accordance withي[ ظ���فتحي :1 را���يلخا[
chapter IV of this Law commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 3, subparagraph (e). Article 3, subparagraph (e), of the Protocol states that illicit trafficking also includes the import, export, acquisition, sale, delivery, movement or transfer of firearms not marked in accordance with article 8 of the Protocol. Article 8 requires marking in three instances: at the time of manufacture, at the time ofبجوبم ةلوقنلما ةيرخذلا وأا/و تانوكلماو ءازجألا عيمجب تلجس�ب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,هل ض�خرم
import and at the time of transfer from government stocks to civilian use. Article 8 only mandates the marking of firearms and this is reflected in the wording:كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذهل اقفو حنيم ض�يخرت
of this provision. Those States which legislate beyond the mandatory requirements of the Protocol and require some form of marking for parts, components:]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
or ammunition should ensure a corresponding expansion of this provision. Part Two. Mandatory provisions 53ُ
Chapter X. Criminal offences: marking Commentary This chapter contains two mandatory criminal offences related to marking of firearms as required by article 5 of the Protocol. The offences are: (a) Falsifying firearm markings at the time of manufacture, import or transfer from government stocks to permanent civilian use; and (b) Obliterating, removing or altering firearm markings. The purpose of these offences is to ensure that the markings applied to all firearms are and remain true and correct in order to facilitate accurate tracing. Article 36. False markings 1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate]: (a) Marks a complete firearm, or a firearm that is complete yet unassembled, with false markings at the time of manufacture;ي[ نم ةيرخذلا وأا/و تانوكلماو ءازجألا تر ِّدس� امثيح )أا(
(b) Marks imported firearms with false markings; or؛ريدس�تلا نذإا وأا ةس�خر رادس�إا خيرات
(c) Marks a firearm with false markings at the time of transfer from
government stocks to permanent civilian use under chapter IV of this Law;1
commits an offence.
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article؛ريدس�تلا نذإا وأا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ءاس�قنا خيرات
shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/
up to ...] [a fine of the ... category].2
Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 1 (c). The Protocol requires States to criminalize the falsification of marking(s) on firearms required by article 8 of the Protocol (markings at the time of manufacture, import and transfer from government stocks to permanent civilian use). The Protocol only requires States to establish the falsification of markings as 54 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition a criminal offence when such falsification is intentional (i.e. there is an intention on the part of the person marking the firearm to provide deceptive or misleading information as to the origins or life cycle of the weapon). Drafters may choose to include different (i.e. less stringent or purely administrative) penalties where a person applies false markings negligently as opposed to intentionally or where accidental errors occur during the marking process that are of a nonmaterial nature. With respect to the falsification of markings applied at the time of transfer from government stocks to permanent civilian use, drafters should be aware that “civilian use” is a broad category that covers all groups and actors that are not State controlled or owned, including private security companies and sports clubs. The Protocol does not require States to establish as criminal offences the falsification of markings applied to firearms other than in the circumstances described above (at the time of manufacture, import and transfer from government stocks to permanent civilian use). However, States could consider establishing as criminal offences the falsification of other markings required under chapter IV of this Model Law. Drafters should note that the offence of failing to mark firearms at the time of manufacture in accordance with article 7 of this Model Law (as required under articles 3, subparagraph (d), and 5, paragraph 1 (a), of the Protocol), is already established under article 31, paragraph 1 (c), of this Model Law (as part of illicit manufacturing) and so it is not necessary to establish the failure to mark firearms at the time of manufacture as a separate offence. The Protocol does not require States to establish as criminal offences failure to mark firearms under other circumstances (such as on import or upon transfer from government stocks to permanent civilian use). However, States are required to ensure firearms that are marked at the time of disposal other than by destruction (under Protocol article 6, paragraph 2) and, in some instances, upon deactivation (under Protocol article 9). In order to ensure adherence to and the enforceability of these requirements, States should consider establishing appropriate offences and penalties associated with a failure to mark weapons properly or at all at the time of disposal other than by destruction, or deactivation. Where States also require proof marks and the marking of weapons acquired by state agencies under chapter IV of this Model Law, offences and sanctions for non-compliance with these obligations should also be established. There is no requirement that criminal offences and penalties be established in these circumstances and States may impose administrative penalties and sanctions as appropriate. Article 37. Removal and alteration of firearm markings Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] obliterates, removes or alters a marking on a firearm as required under articles 7, 8, 9 [and 10 or 11] of this Law commits an offence.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 55 Commentary Mandatory provision‘25 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 1 (c).؛دايرتس�لا دلب
Strictly speaking, the Protocol only requires States parties to criminalize the
obliteration, removal or alteration of those markings required by article 8 of the3
Protocol (marking at the time of manufacture, import and transfer from government stocks to permanent civilian use). The text in square brackets reflects this
limitation. Should drafters wish to expand the scope of this provision and criminalize the removal of any marking, the square bracketed text should be removed.:]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Additionally, drafters may wish to allow for the removal or alteration ofُ
markings in certain circumstances (as opposed to having an absolute prohibition on the removal or alteration of markings as reflected in the above drafting).ي[ لىإا ةيرخذلا وأا/و تانوكلماو ءازجألا دايرتس�ا تم امثيح )ب(
The Protocol implicitly contemplates there may be circumstances where the؛دايرتس�لا نذإا وأا ةس�خر رادس�إا خيرات
obliteration, removal or alteration of the marking on a firearm may be permitted
by virtue of the requirement to establish as a criminal offence “illicitly” obliterating, removing or altering the marking on a firearm (article 5, paragraph 1 (c)).1
However, the Protocol does not specify the circumstances when such obliteration, removal or alteration would be permitted and it is up to States to make
provision for the legal alteration of markings if they wish, while bearing in mind؛دايرتس�لا نذإا وأا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ءاس�قنا خيرات
the need to ensure that the firearm can still be traced (see the Legislative
Guide, paragraphs 223-226).2
Situations where the removal or alteration of markings may be permitted
could include: (a) a public agent acting in the course of his or her duties; or؛ريدس�تلا دلب
(b) a person, such as a gunsmith or manufacturer, who has obtained authorization from the competent authority to obliterate, remove or alter a marking on
a firearm. In such cases, drafters should include a process for obtaining authorization to remove or alter the marking on a firearm and should ensure that the3
method of re-marking still permits the firearm to be traced. 56 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition
[Chapter XI. Criminal offences: offences specific to deactivated firearms Commentary The application of the following provisions will depend on whether a State has deactivation standards in place that require a firearm to be rendered permanently inoperable (as is consistent with the general principles of deactivation stipulated by the Protocol, article 9, subparagraph (a)) and thus incapable of reactivation or conversion into a firearm (and effectively destroyed); or whether it has deactivation standards in place that do not require the firearm to be rendered permanently inoperable, but which contemplate reactivation of the deactivated firearm or conversion into a functioning firearm. Although the latter form of deactivation is not consistent with the general principles of deactivation stipulated by the Protocol, it is acknowledged that, in practice, some States do have deactivation standards that contemplate reactivation of the firearm. As noted in the commentary following the definition of “Manufacture” (draft article 4, subparagraph (m), of this Model Law), where a State has deactivation standards in place that do not require deactivated firearms to be rendered permanently inoperable, but which contemplate the reactivation of a deactivated firearm, the]كلذ في ابم ,ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا ىتح عبَّتيس� يذلا يرس�لا طخ نع ليس�افتلا عيمج[ )ج(
term “manufacture” should be defined to include “reactivation” so that the provisions of chapter III would apply to any reactivation of a firearm and any؛جورخو لوخد ئناوم وأا روبع لود
un authorized reactivation would constitute “illicit manufacturing” in accordanceّيأا
with draft article 31 of this Model Law. [Article 38. Illicit deactivation 1. Every person who deactivates a firearm: [(a) In contravention of article 20 of this Law;] [(b) Without obtaining the prior authorization of the [name of competent authority] in accordance with article 21 of this Law;] (c) Without obtaining a deactivation certificate in accordance with article 23 of this Law; commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be liable to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a regulatory sanction].]]Part Two. Mandatory provisions 57 Commentary The aim of this provision is to ensure that deactivation is effective according to a State’s deactivation standards. The Protocol does not require States to criminalize deactivation; however, it does require arrangements to be made for deactivation measures to be verified by a competent authority to confirm that the firearm has been rendered permanently inoperable (Protocol, article 9, subparagraph (c)). In order to encourage the verification of deactivation in all cases so as to enable the State to keep track of deactivated firearms, penalties should be imposed for failure to ensure that the competent authority verifies the deactivation. States could also consider establishing offences that penalize manufacturers and other persons authorized to deactivate firearms who fail to deactivate firearms in such a way that they are rendered permanentlyةيلاتلا تامولعلما جردت[ )درو���تس�لما نع ا���فلتمخ ناك نإا( ي���ئاهنلا ي���قلتلما م���س�ا )د(
inoperable. 58 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Chapter XII. Criminal provisions: ancillary offences Commentary Article 5, paragraph 2, requires States to adopt such legislative and other measures to establish as criminal offences attempting to commit, participating as an accomplice and organizing, directing, aiding, abetting, facilitating or counselling the commission of the offences established in the Protocol. These provisions are not specific to illicit manufacturing or trafficking and only need to be included if not already covered by general provisions in the national criminal code or law that are applicable to all crimes. Article 39. Attempts 1. Every person who attempts to commit an offence under chapters VIII, IX, X [or XI] of this Law commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentaryلوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا مس�او ,دارفألل ةبس�نلاب ةيس�نلجاو ةماقإلا دلبو ناونعلا :لالحا ىس�تقم بس�ح
Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 2 (a). The obligation to criminalize attempts in article 5, paragraph 2 (a), of the Protocol is “subject to the basic concepts” of the legal system. As noted in the interpretative notes to the Protocol (A/55/383/Add.3, paragraph 6): “References to attempting to commit the offences established under domestic law in accordance with [article 5, paragraph 2,] of the Protocol are understood in some countries to include both acts perpetrated in preparation for a criminal offence and those carried out in an unsuccessful attempt to commit the offence, where those acts are also punishable under domestic law.” In some legal systems, attempts are punished with the same penalty as the completed offence. In other systems, attempts are subject to a lower penalty. This provision need only be included if it is not already included in the national؛]تاموكلحا وأا ةيراجتلا تانايكلل ةبس�نلاب لثملما وأا
criminal code or law. Part Two. Mandatory provisions 59 Article 40. Participating as an accomplice 1. Every person who participates as an accomplice to an offence under chapters VIII, IX, X [or XI] of this Law commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 2 (a). Article 5, paragraph 2 (a), requires criminalization of participating as an accomplice in illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, and falsifying or illiciting obliterating, removing or altering the marking(s) on firearms as required by article 8 of the Protocol. This provision is “subject to the basic concepts” of the legal system. This provision need only be included if it is not already included in the national criminal code or law. Article 41. Organizing, directing, aiding, abetting, facilitating or counselling 1. Every person who organizes, directs, aids, abets, facilitates or counsels another person or persons to commit an offence under chapters VIII, IX, X [or XI] of this Law commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/ up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 5, paragraph 2 (b). This provision need only be included if it is not already included in the national criminal code or law.60 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Chapter XIII. Seizure, confiscation and disposal Commentary This chapter addresses the requirements of article 6 of the Protocol relating to the confiscation, seizure and disposal of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that are or are believed to be illicitly manufactured or trafficked. Article 6 of the Protocol must be read and interpreted together with articles 12-14 of the Convention, which apply to the seizure, confiscation and disposal of property that is either proceeds of crime or used or destined for use in crime. This will generally include illicitly manufactured and/or trafficked firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. To the extent that illicitly manufactured or trafficked firearms, their parts and components and ammunition are considered to have been either property “derived” from these offences or “used or destined for use” in such offences, they become subject to articles 12 and 13 of the Convention, which require States parties to ensure that laws enabling confiscation are in place and to actually seek confiscation by the appropriate authority when this is requested by another State party (see the Legislative Guide, paragraphs 136 and 137). To be in conformity with the mandatory requirements of article 6 of the Protocol, States are required: (a) To ensure that the domestic legal system “enables confiscation” of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that have been illicitly manufactured or trafficked. The dangerous nature of the items covered by the Protocol may require additional expedited security precautions to ensure that they do not fall into the wrong hands before, during or after the seizure and confiscation process; (b) To seize and destroy firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that have been illicitly manufactured or trafficked. The dangerousness of the items favours a policy of destruction, with other forms of disposal being permitted only where officially authorized; (c) To ensure that confiscated firearms are marked and that the method of disposal of the firearms and ammunition is recorded. This obligation is to be fulfilled in a manner consistent with a State’s existing domestic and administrative systems, leaving the manner and form of implementing this obligation to the discretion of States. Many States already have detailed search, seizure and confiscation/forfeiture provisions (for example, provisions could be within a police act, in criminal procedure legislation or in separate legislation addressing confiscation). These legislative regimes are generally very detailed and subject to the basic principles of a State’s legal system Part Two. Mandatory provisions 61 given the possibility of depriving an individual of property. “Confiscation” is defined in the Convention as including “forfeiture where applicable” in recognition that different legal systems have varying approaches to confiscation and forfeiture. Where such legislation exists, drafters should ensure they apply to firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and are available for the illicit manufacturing and trafficking offences. The specific requirements for marking and disposal of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition must also be met. Annex IV describes a number of methods of destruction that States can consider for inclusion in their legislation and associated regulations and policies. A.  Enabling  confiscation:  search and  seizure Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 6, paragraph 1. In requiring the establishment of powers to “enable” confiscation, article 6, paragraph 1, of the Protocol does not specifically mention search and seizure. Article 6, paragraph 1, requires measures that enable confiscation if items “have been illicitly manufactured or trafficked”. However, drafters should consider drafting or ensuring that existing legislation creates a lower standard for the initial seizure of the items (for example, allowing seizure without a search warrant on reasonable grounds), since in many cases this will be done as an investigative measure before illicit manufacturing or trafficking can be fully proved. Seizure may also be necessary as an urgent measure to prevent weapons from being exported illegally or falling into illicit domestic circulation or use./فينس�تلا بس�ح ةجردم ريدس�تلل ةدعلما ةيرخذلا وأا/و تانوكلماو ءازجألا ةيمك ) ه(
To conform with the Protocol, those powers should be linked to suspicion؛فس�ولا
or other grounds for believing that an offence established in accordance withبس�ح ةيلاتلا تامولعلما جردت[ لثم ءاس�تقلا ب���س�ح ؛ة���يفاس�إا ة���يفس�و تا���مولعم )و(
the Protocol has been or is about to be committed and that the items are either.]ض�اس�رلا عونو ةوقلاو ةعرس�لاو رايعلا :لالحا هيس�تقي ام
evidence of this or that they are themselves the subject matter of the offenceقيلعتلا
involved. Such powers would generally be consistent with national legislationيمازلإا مكح
that implements the seizure and forfeiture provisions of the Convention, although.لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما نم )ب( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
some States apply more expedited procedures to allow firearms to be seized,ةيرخذ وأا تا���نوكمو ءازجأا ن���ع ةرابع ةر
quickly on account of the safety or security risks that may arise if there areّدس�لما فا���نس�ألا تناك ا���مثيح ,لود���لا ى���لع ب���جي
procedural delays (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 139)..)لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما( ."انكممو ابس�انم كلذ نوكي امثيح" تامولعلما هذهب ظافتحلا
B.  Confiscation  and  forfeitureفرص�تلاو عنص�لا تلاجص� -ءاب
Commentaryةعونس�لما فانس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -14 ةدالما
Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 6, paragraph 1. Confiscation and forfeiture of property to the State exist widely in the domestic law of most jurisdictions. However, the applicable regimes vary considerably 62 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition between different States and different legal systems. To conform with the Protocol, drafters should ensure that their existing legal regimes for confiscation and forfeiture enable confiscation of firearms, their parts and components andعيمجب تلجس�ب ]ع���ناس� لك :2 را���يلخا[ ]]ض�يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد���
ammunition.ُ
Though it is not required by the Protocol, national legislation could alsoي[ ظ���فتحي :1 را���يلخا[
consider the establishment of specific standards to ensure the secure storage:كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذه ىس�تقبم ةعونس�لما فانس�ألا :كلذ في ابم ,عونس�م يران حلس� لكل فس�و )أا(
of confiscated and forfeited firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Such standards would help to ensure that the items are not stored in a؛نوناقلا اذه نم 7 ةداملل اقفو عنس�لا تقو ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع
dangerous manner.
C.  Destruction  or other  authorized  form of  disposal1
Commentary‘ قيلعتلا
Mandatory provisionيمازلإا مكح
Source: Protocol, article 6, paragraph 2..لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما نم )أا( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما اهتيرخذو اهتان
As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 134), while the basic policy ofّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 26
the Convention is that confiscated property should be sold to the benefit of theلوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما اهيس�تقت يتلا ةبس�انلما مس�ولا تاملعب لجس� ظفح مكلحا اذه يس�تقي
confiscating State party, for purposes such as sharing with other States parties.)عنس�لا تقو ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع كلذ في ابم( ؛عناس�لا ةيوه/مس�ا
or for the payment of compensation or restitution to victims of crime (article 14),
the dangerousness of the items covered by the Protocol favours a policy of2
destruction, with other forms of disposal permissible only where additional
precautions are taken.؛عونس�لما يرانلا حلس�لا زارط
Therefore, where firearms, their parts and components and ammunition are
seized and subsequently are forfeited to the State, article 6, paragraph 2, of3
the Protocol requires that the forfeited items be destroyed “unless other disposal
has been officially authorized, provided that the firearms have been marked؛عونس�لما يرانلا حلس�لا جذونم
and the methods of disposal of those firearms and ammunition have been
recorded”. Article 6, paragraph 2, creates a presumption in favour of destroying4
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that have been seized‘ ؛ةعونس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ددع/ةيمك ’ 5 ‘ ؛عونس�م يران حلس� لكل لس�لس�لما مقرلا ’ 6 ‘ ؛عونس�م يران حلس� لك رايع ’ 7 ‘ قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما :ردس�لما "رثأا ءافتقل ةمزللا" ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةلس�لا تاذ تامولعلماب ظافتحلا م���كلحا اذ���ه ي���س�تقي ددحي ل وهو ."اهتيهام ديدتحو" ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب رجتلما وأا ةعونس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ءافتقل "ةمزللا" تامولعلما نم برتعتس� وأا برتعت يتلا )مس�ولا تاملع يرغ( تامولعلما ةعيبط تارقفلا في ةددحلما ةقباس�لا ليس�افتلا نأا ىلع ,اهتيهام ديدتحو ةعورس�لما ير���غ ة���حلس�ألا ر���ثأا يرغ ةحلس�ألا ةيهام ديدحتل ةمزللا تامولعلما نم ىندألا ّدلحا يه
by the State. However, it is up to States to determine what method of destruction they use to destroy firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.
Annex IV describes a number of methods of destruction that States can consider for inclusion in their legislation and associated regulations and policies.5
A State could also take a number of other legal measures to implement
the general rule of destruction of firearms. As noted in the Legislative Guideلىإا
(paragraph 143), this could include:
“(a) The establishment of powers to authorize disposal other than by2
destruction and setting appropriate limits on cases where a decision maker
could give such an authorization. In this context, legislation could include examples of authorized means of disposal such as for scientific, historical or forensicنم ةيعرفلا
purposes;.كلذ ريرقت في لودلا لىإا عجري رمألا نكل ,ةعورس�لما
“(b) Legislative or administrative criteria for the issuance or refusal of anاهرابتعاب تاقلطلا ددعو ةروس�الما لوط ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عبتتل لوبترنإلا ةموظنم لمعتس�تو
authorization to dispose by means other than destruction. This must include Part Two. Mandatory provisions 63نوعناس�لا ظفتحي نأا طاترس�ا في اس�يأا رظنت لودلا لعلو ,ةيهاملل ةدد���مح ة���يفاس�إا ض����ئاس�خ
the two requirements set out in article 6, paragraph 2, that the firearms mustقلعتي اميف ةديفم وأا ة���بس�انم امئاد نوكت ل تامولعلما هذه نأا ير���غ .تا���مولعلما هذ���هب تل���جس�ب
have been marked and that a record be kept of how they were disposed of.لثم ةيران ةحلس�أاب ةديج فيرعت ةادأا ,لاثلما ليبس� ىلع ,تاقلطلا دد���عف .ة���حلس�ألا عاو���نأا ض����عبب
Other criteria could also be established in accordance with domestic policyنكيم يتلا ىرخألا عاونألا نم يرثكل ةبس�نلاب كلذك ض�يل هنكلو ,عنس�لا تقو د
assessments.”َّدحي هنأل تاس�دس�لما
In developing their legislation and associated regulations and policies, drafters must include the following provisions:.)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 125 ةرقفلا رظنا( ةعس�لا ةفلتمخ ةلس�فنم تاقلط نزامخ مدختس�ت نأا
All firearms and ammunition forfeited to or confiscated by [name of:كلذ في ابم ,ةعونس�لما ةيرخذلا لك فس�و )ب(
competent authority] under this Law [or other relevant legislation] shall be:]؛عنس�لا تقو ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع
(a) Destroyed in accordance with [method of destruction chosen]; or
(b) Otherwise disposed of in accordance with the specific authorization of [name of competent authority].1
Where firearms are disposed of in another authorized manner, standards
for marking the seized firearms that are retained and not destroyed must be؛عناس�لا ةيوه/مس�ا
established (see article 10 of this Law). A written record of information on
firearms disposed of other than by destruction must also be maintained (see2
article 15 of this Law).
Where ammunition is disposed of in a way other than by destruction,؛ةعونس�لما ةيرخذلا عون
a written record of information on the ammunition disposed of other than
by destruction must be maintained (see article 16 of this Law).64 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition3
Chapter XIV. Jurisdiction
Commentary؛ةعونس�لما ةيرخذلا ةيمك
The Convention requires States to establish jurisdiction to investigate, prosecute
and punish all offences established under the Convention and the Protocols.4
Article 15 of the Convention requires jurisdiction to be established in three
circumstances: (a) over all offences committed within the State’s territorial jurisdiction; (b) over all offences committed on board a vessel or aircraft registered؛نكمأا نإا ,عنس�لا خيرات
to the State; and (c) if the national legislation prohibits the extradition of its
own nationals, jurisdiction must be established over the offences committed by5
them anywhere in the world. This third circumstance is to permit the State to
meet its obligation under the Convention to prosecute offenders who cannotقيلعتلا
be extradited on request owing to nationality. The Convention requires eachيمازلإا مكح
State party to adopt “such measures as may be necessary”, in recognition ofلوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما :ردس�لما27 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
the fact that different legal systems would approach the establishment of jurisdiction in a range of ways. Article 15 of the Convention also contains optionalلإا "اهتيهام ديدتحو" ةيرخذلا "رثأا ءافتقل ةمزللا" تامولعلماب ظافتحلا مدع 7 ةدالما يس�تقت
provisions to further extend jurisdiction. Article 42. Application of this Law This Law shall apply to any offence established under this Law when: (a) The offence is committed [wholly or partly] within the territory of [name of State]; (b) The offence is committed [wholly or partly] on board a vessel or aircraft that is registered under the laws of [name of State] at the time the offence was committed; (c) The offence is committed [wholly or partly] by a [name of State] national whose extradition is refused on the grounds of nationality. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Convention, article 15, paragraphs 1 (a) and (b), and 3. Territorial jurisdiction and jurisdiction on board a vessel or aircraft that is registered to the State already exists in all States. In common law countries this may even be the only basis for jurisdiction. The criterion is the place where Part Two. Mandatory provisions 65 the criminal act has been committed (i.e. the locus delicti is in the territory ofيتلا )مس�ولا تاملع يرغ( تامولعلما ةعيبط ددتح ل يهو ."انكممو ابس�انم كلذ نوكي امثيح"
the State). Subparagraph (c) gives effect to article 15, paragraph 3, which requires States to establish jurisdiction when the alleged offender is present in their territory and the State does not extradite him or her solely on the ground that he or she is their national. In such cases States are also obliged under article 16, paragraph 10, of the Convention to submit the case without undue delay to its competent authorities for the purpose of prosecution. States wishing to consider the extended optional forms of jurisdiction may wish to add the following subparagraph to article 42: “(d) The offence is committed by a [name of State] national whose extradition is refused on any ground.” This subparagraph is optional, as it gives effect to article 15, paragraph 4, of the Convention, which provides that a State may establish jurisdiction over offences when the alleged offender is present in its territory and it does not extradite him or her for any reason. Note that if subparagraph (d) is used, then there is no need to include subparagraph (c), as (d) covers situations where extradition is refused for any reason (including nationality). Beyond the mandatory provisions on jurisdiction, the Convention (article 15) encourages the establishment of jurisdiction in other circumstances, such as in all cases where the nationals of a State are victimized, where the offence is committed by a national or stateless person residing in its territory or where the offence is linked to serious crimes and money-laundering planned to be committed in its territory (article 15, paragraph 2). The Convention makes clear that the bases of jurisdiction are not exhaustive. Article 15, paragraph 6, states that, without prejudice to norms of general international law, the Convention does not exclude the exercise of any criminal jurisdiction established by a Stateةروس�ب اهب رجتلما وأا ةعونس�لما ةيرخذلا رثأا ءافتقل "ةمزللا" تامولعلما نم برتعتس� وأا برتعت
party in accordance with its domestic law. Extension of jurisdiction over acts committed by a citizen of a State in the territory of another State (active personality principle) is mostly done with regard to specific crimes of particular gravity. In some jurisdictions the active personality principle is restricted to those acts which are not only a crime according to the law of the State whose national commits the act, but also according to the law of the State in whose territory the act is committed. Should States wish to adopt these provisions, they may want to introduce an additional article in the Model Law on the application of the law outside the territory, which could read as follows: This Law shall also apply to any offence established under this Lawنم ةيعرفلا تارقفلا في ةددحلما ةقباس�لا ليس�افتلا نأا ى���لع ,اهتيهام د���يدتحو ة���عورس�م ير���غ
when: (a) The person is a national [or permanent resident] [or habitual resident] of [name of State]; (b) The offence is committed by a [name of State] national [or habitual resident] [or permanent resident];66 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (c) The offence is committed by a stateless person who has his or her habitual residence in [name of State] at the time of the commission of the offence; (d) The offence is committed in the territory of [name of State] with a view to the commission of a serious crime within the territory of [name of State]; or (e) The offence is committed outside the territory of [name of State] but the consequences of the offence are directed towards or intended to commit a serious crime within the territory of [name of State].,ةعورس�لما يرغ ةيرخذلا كلت ةيهام ديدحتل ةمزللا تامولعلما نم ىندألا دلحا يه
Article 43. Extradition
The offences established under this Law shall be extraditable offences.4
Commentary
The provisions of the Convention oblige States parties to treat offences established in accordance with the Protocol as extraditable offences under theirلىإا
treaties and laws and to submit to competent authorities such offences for
domestic prosecution where extradition has been refused on grounds of nationality (article 16 of the Convention) (see also the Legislative Guide for the2
Implementation of the Convention, paragraphs 394-449).
The Convention sets a basic minimum standard for extradition for the.كلذ ريرقت في لودلا لىإا عجري رمألا نكل
offences it covers and also encourages the adoption of a variety of mechanisms designed to streamline the extradition process. States should reviewةيرخذلا مس�و لودلا ت���طترس�ا امثيح لإا عو���س�ولماب
their national legislation on extradition in the light of the provisions in the
Convention and ensure that all the mandatory Protocol offences are included1
as extraditable offences. In the absence of any extradition treaty or legislative
provisions, extradition should be in accordance with the procedures set out in)ب( ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلل ة���لس� لو
the Convention.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 67 Section C. International cooperation Commentary This chapter discusses articles 12 and 13 of the Protocol. As many international cooperation activities would not be specifically set out in legislation, it is up to States to determine the most appropriate manner to meet these mandatory requirements, depending upon their particular legal system and whether through legislation, policy guidelines or regulations or other methods. Chapter XV. Information exchange and international cooperation A.  National  point  of  contact Article 44. Establishment of a national point of contact By this Law a national point of contact is established to act as liaison with other States on matters relating to the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition. Commentary.)"عنس�لا تقو ةيرخذلا مس�و" لوح حترقلما ض�نلا ىلع علطلل )26 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما رظنا(
Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 13, paragraph 2. The Protocol requires States to identify a national body or a single point of contact to act as liaison with other countries on matters related to the Protocol. A State could also choose to identify a number of bodies as national points of contact. (It should be noted that a majority of States parties have notified UNODC that their national points of contact are authorities responsible to the ministers of the interior and justice.) Regardless of what a State decides, it should be made clear who the national point(s) of contact is (are) so other States know who to contact and how to contact them. This information would not be included in national legislation though it should be provided in a format and manner that is easily accessible by other States parties. 68 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition The focus of this Protocol provision is on international cooperation with other States parties. This is a distinct entity from the “central authority” designated under article 18, paragraph 13, of the Convention to deal with mutual legal assistance. Where a new body is established as the national point of contact, legislation may be needed to do so. In cases where a new unit is created within an existing national agency, such as law enforcement, the need for legislation will depend on whether this is authorized by existing legislation or not. Beyond the broad mandatory obligation set out in article 13, paragraph 2, that the national point of contact liaise with other countries on matters relating to combating illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, the Protocol does not set out any specific responsibilities of the national point of contact. It is at the discretion of the State to determine the specific scope of its functions and activities. Several regional instruments require the designation of a point of contact (for example, the ECOWAS Convention and the Nairobi Protocol). Under the Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (chapter II, paragraph 4), States are to designate a national focal point responsible for various aspects of the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, including “illicit manufacture, control, trafficking, circulation, brokering and trade”. Equally, the International Tracing Instrument (paragraph 25) requires States to designate one or more national points of contact “to exchange information and act as a liaison with States on all matters relating to the implementation of the instrument”. States can consider if it may be appropriate for an already designated authority to act as the national point of contact under this Law. In addition to establishing a national point of contact, States may consider establishing a national commission on firearms. This is not required under the:كلذ في ابم ,ةعونس�لما تانوكلماو ءازجألا عيملج فس�و )ج(
Protocol. However, several global and regional instruments call for the establishment of such a commission. Under the Programme of Action on Small Arms]؛عنس�لا تقو ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع
and Light Weapons (chapter II, paragraph 4), States are encouraged to “establish, or designate as appropriate, national coordination agencies or bodies and
institutional infrastructure responsible for policy guidance, research and monitoring of efforts to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in small arms1
and light weapons in all its aspects”. Similar commitments are contained in a
number of regional instruments, such as the ECOWAS Convention and the[
Nairobi Protocol. States can consider developing an appropriate legislative and؛عناس�لا ةيوه/مس�ا
institutional framework based on their own situation, including constitutional and
other legal systems and cultural traditions. A national commission is responsible2
for coordinating the activities of various actors at the local, national and regional
levels in order to increase the effectiveness of firearms and small arms controls.؛ةعونس�لما تانوكلماو ءازجألا عون
The United Nations Development Programme has published the How to Guide:
the Establishment and Functioning of National Small Arms and Light Weapons3
Commissions,
2 which could be of assistance to States. 2 Available from www.undp.org/crp/documents/sa_control/SALWGuide_English.pdf.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 69 B.  International  cooperation Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 13, paragraphs 1 and 3. The two broad areas of obligation are: (a) Facilitating cooperation at the bilateral, regional and international levels with other States’ national authorities engaged in the prevention of illicit؛ةعونس�لما تانوكلماو ءازجألا ةيمك
manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and
ammunition;4
(b) Facilitating cooperation and support of manufacturers, dealers, importers, exporters, brokers and commercial carriers of firearms, their parts and
components and ammunition to prevent and detect illicit manufacturing of and.نكمأا نإا ,عنس�لا خيرات
trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.
It is at the discretion of States how they choose to fulfil these obligations.5
1. Information exchange
Commentaryقيلعتلا
Mandatory provisionيمازلإا مكح
Source: Protocol, article 12, paragraphs 1, 2 (a)­(d) and 3..لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما :ردس�لما
Article 12 of the Protocol addresses the information exchange obligations ofديدتحو تانوكلماو ءازجألا رثأا ءافتقل ةمزللا" تامولعلماب ظافتحلا مدعب مكلحا اذه يس�قي
States parties.تاملع يرغ( تامولعلما ةعيبط ددحي ل وهو .
States are to exchange relevant case-specific information on a"انكممو ابس�انم كلذ نوكي امثيح" لإا "اهتيهام
range of possible matters. This obligation is to be fulfilled in a manner consistent with a State’s existing domestic and administrative systems, leaving theةعونس�لما تانوكلماو ءازجألا رثأا ءافتقل "ةمزللا" تامولعلما نم برتعتس� وأا برتعت يتلا )مس�ولا
manner and form of implementing this obligation to the discretion of States.ةقباس�لا ليس�افتلا نإا لوقلا نكيم هنأا ىلع .اهتيهام ديدتحو ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب رجتلما وأا
While the exchange of information is a mandatory provision, the types of.تانوكلماو ءازجألا كلت ةيهام ديدحتل ةمزل
information to be exchanged are not specified. Rather, the Protocol provides a
number of suggestions. Where a State has included controls on brokers and4
brokering activities, this list of information to be exchanged could be expanded
to include information on illicit brokering activities.لىإا
Though it is at the discretion of the State, areas of information exchange
in article 12, paragraphs 1-3, of the Protocol could include:2
(a) Case-specific information on matters including, though not limited to,
authorized producers, dealers, importers, exporters and carriers of firearms,نم ةيعرفلا تارقفلا في ةددحلما
their parts and components and ammunition;ءازجألا مس�و لود���لا تطترس�ا امثيح لإا عو���س�ولماب
(b) Organized criminal groups known to be or suspected of taking part
in illicit manufacturing of or trafficking in firearms, their parts and components1
and ammunition;70 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition
(c) The means of concealment used in the illicit manufacturing of or trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and ways of)ج( ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلل ة���لس� لو
detecting them; (d) Methods and means, points of dispatch and destination and routes used by organized criminal groups engaged in or suspected of being engaged in trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; (e) Legislative experiences, practices and measures to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; and (f) Scientific and technological information relevant to law enforcement authorities that will assist in the prevention, detection and investigation of the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. The Convention also contains provisions on information exchange and law enforcement cooperation (for example, articles 26-28). Drafters should consider these provisions when developing measures to implement the internationalتانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و" نع حترقلما ض�نلل ةبس�نلاب )23 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما رظنا( تانوكلماو
cooperation provisions of the Protocol, both to ensure consistency and coherence in the delivery of information exchange and cooperation and to determine.)"عنس�لا تقو
whether it is feasible to implement the various requirements using the sameاهيف فرس�تلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -15 ةدالما
legislative provisions and/or administrative structures. Drafters can consider theيرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب
documents in annex II for further guidance on these issues.اقبط فرس�تلا عوس�وم يران حلس� لكب تلجس�ب ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا م���س�ا جرد���
2. Confidential informationُ
Commentaryي[ ظ���فتتح
Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 12, paragraph 5. “Subject to the basic concepts of its legal system or any international agreements”, each State is required to guarantee the confidentiality of and comply with any restrictions on the use of information that it receives from another State, including proprietary information pertaining to commercial transactions, if requested to do so by the authorities of the State providing the information. Article 12, paragraph 5, also recognizes that in some cases confidentiality cannot be guaranteed or maintained, usually because the requesting State has procedural protections (many of which are entrenched and enforceable constitutional rights) that require that prosecutors disclose potentially exculpatory.فرس�تلا ةقيرط كلذ في ابم ,]نوناقلا اذه نم رس�ع ثلاثلا لس�فلل[
information, or in some systems all relevant information, to accused personsقيلعتلا
prior to trial (see the Legislative Guide for the Implementation of the Protocol,يمازلإا مكح اهتيرخذو اهتان
paragraph 244). If such confidentiality cannot be maintained, the authorities ofّ
the State that provided the information shall be notified prior to its disclosure.Part Two. Mandatory provisions 71وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 28
C..
International  cooperation  for  the  purposes  of  tracingلوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
Article 45. International tracing requests [Name of competent authorities] shall be responsible for requesting tracing information from other States and responding to international tracing requests from competent authorities in any case where the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition involved may have been illicitly manufactured or trafficked. Commentary Mandatory provision Source: Protocol, article 12, paragraph 4. Article 12, paragraph 4, requires States to “cooperate in the tracing of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that may have been illicitly manufactured or trafficked”. The modalities of tracing are not spelled out in the Protocol. However, States should bear in mind that tracing is a law enforcement tool and is distinct from the obligations pertaining to mutual legal assistance described in article 18 of the Convention and the national point of contact established pursuant to article 13, paragraph 2, of the Protocol. The Protocol requires States to respond to tracing requests “within available means”. This provides the State with some discretion as to what is a realistic time frame considering its “available means”, though the Protocol requires that responses be “prompt”. It remains up to States to determine the modalities for requesting and responding to tracing requests. States should also ensure that the appropriate national authorities are designated to request and respond toةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب قلعتي اميف فرس�تلا ةقيرط يرغ ىرخأا تامولعم ليجس�ت لوكوتوبرلا طترس�ي ل
tracing requests. This varies from State to State. Some States may have a6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا نكل .)6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا( يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرس�تلما
designated national tracing centre or designate a national police entity or a unitض�ني ام وهو ,ةبس�انلما ةقيرطلاب اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و بوجو ىلع اس�يأا ض�نت
within a police entity.كلت ليس�افت لودلا لجس�ت نأا يقطنلما نمو .
In other States it could be the agency responsible forيجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم 9 ةدالما عورس�م هيلع
dealing with serious crimes. States choosing to implement the International Tracing Instrument should ensure that their firearms legislation encompasses their commitments under that Instrument. The International Tracing Instrument also provides useful guidance on making and responding to tracing requests. States may also consult the European Union model international tracing request (Council of the European Union recommendation on a standard procedure in member States for cross-border enquiries by police authorities in investigating supply channels for seized or recovered crime-related firearms, andفرس�تلا دنع يرانلا حلس�لاب قلعتي اميف ةيهاملل ةد ِّدحلما ىرخألا تامولعلما كلذكو تاملعلا
the annexed manual). In accordance with their national systems, States can consider the most appropriate means to ensure effective implementation of this mandatory provision of the Protocol (for example, through regulations, administrative procedures or executive order). Such procedures could contain the following information:72 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (a) Designation of the competent authorities to receive tracing requests; (b) Minimum information to be included in requests for the international tracing of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, including: (i) Information describing the illicit nature of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, the circumstances under which the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition were found and the legal justification for the request; (ii) The make, model, serial number, calibre, country of origin and other available information on the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that are the subject of the request; and (iii) The intended use of the tracing request; (c) An appropriate time frame [... days] in which [name of competentةقلعتلما ةيلاتلا تامولعلماب تلجس� ىلع ظافلحا في رظنلا لودلل نكيم ,كلذ ى���لع ءا���نبو .ه���يف
authorities] should acknowledge receipt of a tracing request;:يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب
(d) In accordance with national laws, the requirement that within aمس�او رايعلاو جذومنلاو زارطلا كلذ في ابم ,هيف فرس�تم يران حلس� لك فس�و )أا(
specific prompt period of time from the date of the receipt of the tracing؛مس�ولا تاملع عيمجو لس�لس�لما مقرلاو عناس�لا
request, [name of competent authorities] provide all available information؛فرس�تلا خيرات )ب(
sought by the requesting State that is relevant for the purpose of tracing the.فرس�تلا بابس�أا )ج(
illicit firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; (e) [Name of competent authorities] may seek additional information from the requesting State when the request does not contain all the necessary information needed to respond to the request; (f) [Name of competent authorities] may delay or restrict the content of a response to a tracing request, or refuse to provide the information sought, where releasing the information would compromise ongoing criminal investigations or violate [title of act dealing with protection of confidential information], where the requesting State cannot guarantee the confidentiality of the information or for reasons of national security consistent with the Charter of the United Nations as stated in [title of relevant legislation]. 73 Part three. Non-mandatory provisions Commentary Section A below elaborates on provisions in the Firearms Protocol on brokers and brokering activities that States parties are required to consider for inclusionةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تا���مولعلما ليجس�تب مازتللا در���ي نأا ,ةيئاس�قلا ة���يلولل ا���عبت ,ن���كيمو
in their national legislation. Section B examines the provision in the Protocolةطرس�لا ظفتتح نأاو ةيئانلجا ماكحألا في يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب ا���هيف فر���س�تلما ة���يرانلا
whereby States may adopt simplified procedures for the temporary import,.تامولعلما كلتب ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا نم لدب
export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرخذلاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -16 ةدالما
Section A. Must-consider provisions Chapter XVI. Brokers and brokering activities Commentary Article 15 of the Protocol requires States that have not yet done so to consider establishing a system for regulating the activities of brokers. This is the only provision in the Protocol that States are required to consider implementing, though it is not mandatory that a State establish such a system. Thus, it is ultimately left to States to decide whether or not to adopt legislation. States that decide to regulate brokers and brokering activities should endeavour to adopt the measures referred to in the Protocol for inclusion in such a system for regulating brokers and brokering activities. Firstly, States could require the brokers themselves to be registered, ensuring that basic scrutiny could be applied to their business operations. Secondly, States could require that each transaction or transfer undertaken by each broker be licensed separately. Thirdly, States could require disclosure of the involvement and identities of brokers on the licences or authorizations that must be issued in accordance with article 10 of the Protocol. These suggested measures are neither mandatory nor exhaustive. However, where a State chooses to adopt legislation to control brokers and brokering activities, it should ensure that the provisions are consistent with its overall system of export, import and transit controls and record-keeping. The report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 60/81 to consider further steps to enhance international cooperation in preventing, combating and eradicating illicit brokering in small arms and light weapons (A/62/163 and Corr.1) has further developed the issue and submitted a number of additional recommendations that could be transformed into legislative provisions. Although the recommendations 74 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition contained in the report are of an advisory nature, the General Assembly encouraged States to adopt them in its resolution 63/72. Should a State adopt a regime for brokering, it may also wish to create an associated offence for illicit brokering. Alternatively, if a State requires disclosure of a broker as part of the import/export licensing/authorization process, offences related to providing false or misleading information on licence application forms could include an offence for failing to provide required information about brokerage activities (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 237). The establishment of these offences is not required by the Protocol (see annex I, articles 70-72, for optional suggested text on brokering-associated offences). Drafters can also consult annex II for other relevant instruments and documents that might assist in the drafting process. A.  Registration  of  brokers Article 46. Registration requirementاقبط فرس�تلا عوس�وم رئاخذلا عيمجب تلجس�ب ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد
Any person who is a citizen of or resident in [name of State] and anyُ
person located in [name of State] who engages in brokering activities withي[ ظفتتح
respect to the import or export of firearms, their parts and components and.فرس�تلا ةقيرط كلذ في ابم ,]نوناقلا اذه نم رس�ع ثلاثلا لس�فلل[
ammunition shall be registered with [name of designated authority].قيلعتلا
Commentaryيمازلإا مكح
Article 15, paragraph 1 (a), of the Protocol suggests registration of brokers.لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
operating within a State’s territory as a possible part of a national system toةيرخذلاب قلعتي ا���ميف فرس�تلا ةقيرط ير���غ ىرخأا تا���مولعم ل���يجس�ت لو���كوتوبرلا طتر���س�ي ل
regulate the activities of brokers.لودلا لعل ,كلذ عمو .
Registration of brokers can be a pre-screening)6 ةدا���لما نم 2 ةرقفلا( يرمدتلا يرغ ىر���خأا ة���قيرطب ا���هيف فر���س�تلما
device and the registration records can assist in enforcement of controls nationally and in the exchange of information internationally.دنع ةيرخذلاب قلعتي اميف ةيهاملل ةد ِّدمح ىرخأا تامولعم يأا اذكو تاملع يأا ليس�افت لجس�ت
Drafting note:كلذ في ابم ,اهيف فرس�تلا
As an alternative to a formal registration process of brokers, a State could useعناس�لا مس�او ةعومجلما مقرو عونلا كلذ في ابم ,اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرخذلا فس�و )أا(
the record of information that a broker has provided when applying for an؛مس�ولا تاملع عيمجو لس�لس�لما مقرلاو
individual brokering activity licence as a de facto registration:؛فرس�تلا خيرات )ب(
Option 1؛فرس�تلا بابس�أا )ج(
Article ... Registration.اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرخذلا ةيمك )د(29 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
Any broker who applies for and receives a licence [written authorization] to engage in a brokering activity pursuant to article 54 of this Lawاهتان
shall be automatically registered as a broker. Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 75ّ
Article 47. Registration applicationوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -17 ةدالما
The applicant shall register in the form and manner prescribed by [nameةرداس�لماو ةطوبس�لما اهتيرخذو
of designated authority].وأا ن
Drafting noteّ
Option 1وكم وأا ءز���ج وأا يران حلس� لك���ب تلجس�ب ]ة���س�تخلما ة���ئيهلا م���س�ا جرد���
Application for registration as a broker must be filed on form [name/ُ
number] and (if applicable) must be accompanied by the required fee ofي[ ظ���فتتح
[amount]. An application shall be signed by an applicant who is a natural,]يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه ن���م رس�ع ثلاثلا لس�فلل[ اقبط ةردا���س�م وأا ط���بس� عو���س�وم ةير���خذ
person personally or by the legal representative of an applicant who is a:ةيلاتلا تامولعلما كلذ في ابم
legal person. Option 2 Every person who engages in brokering activities of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shall be registered by [name of designated authority] and shall (if applicable) pay the required fee of [amount]. Article 48. Registration [authorization] criteria [Name of licensing authority] shall register a person as a broker if it is satisfied that: (a) The applicant is of or above the age of [State’s age of majority or above];؛ةرداس�لماو طبس�لا خيرات )أا(
(b) The applicant does not have a criminal record;؛ةرداس�لماو طبس�لا ببس� )ب(
(c) The applicant has not been adjudicated as mentally ill or beenوأا ءزج وأا يران حلس� هنم ردوس� وأا ه���يدل طب ُس� يذ���لا ض����خس�لا ناو���نعو م���س�ا )ج(
committed to any mental institution;؛ةيرخذ وأا ن
(d) The applicant is not an unlawful user of or addicted to anyّ
controlled substance [as defined in [relevant section and title of nationalوكم
legislation on controlled substances]]; (e) The applicant has not knowingly made any false statement or representation with respect to the information required on the application form; (f) The applicant has met such registration application requirements and other registration requirements as deemed relevant.76 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Drafting note With reference to subparagraph (b), in some jurisdictions the existence of any criminal record, or a criminal record within a particular time frame, prohibits a person to register as a broker. In others, conviction or indictment of offences under specified acts will prohibit a person from being registered. Option 1 (b) The applicant has not been indicted for or convicted of an offence in accordance with [e.g. the national security legislation, national legislation on corruption and bribery, national substance abuse legislation, national domestic violence legislation, legislation relating to the brokering, import, export and transit of firearms]; Option 2 (b) The applicant has not been convicted in any court or is not under indictment of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding [one] year; Option 3 (b) Within the [five] years prior to the application to register the person as a broker, the applicant has not committed an offence under legislation relating to the brokering, import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Article 49. Review of a decision not to register [authorize] an applicant A person who has submitted an application to register as a broker may apply to the [name of body authorized to review registration decisions] for a review of a decision of the licensing authority denying an application for registration. Article 50. Validity of broker registration and renewal 1. Registration of a person as a broker of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shall be valid for a period of [... years]. 2. Registration shall be renewable upon application [... days] prior to its expiration.Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 77 3. If a registration has expired, the applicant shall file a new application in accordance with article 47 of this Law. Article 51. Notification of changes in information furnished by a registered brokerاحلس� طوبس�لما فنس�لا ناك امثيح ,رداس�م وأا طوبس�م يران حلس� لكل فس�و )د(
A registered broker shall, within [... days] of the event, notify [name:كلذ في ابم ,ايران
of licensing authority] if:؛زارطلا
(a) There is a material change in the information set forth in their
registration;1
(b) Any of the persons pertaining to the registration are indicted for
or convicted of an offence [of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a؛جذومنلا
term exceeding ... years].
Article 52. Cancellation of registration as a broker2
A registration as a broker shall be cancelled:
(a) At the request of the registered person;؛رايعلا
(b) If new facts become evident that, had they been known or existed
at the time of the review of the initial application for registration, would3
have resulted in a refusal to register the person;
(c) If the registered person fails to comply with the relevant legislation relating to the import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and؛عناس�لا مس�ا
components and ammunition;
(d) If the registered person violates or is reasonably believed to have4
violated a binding United Nations Security Council arms embargo, a regional
embargo either binding on [name of State] or to which [name of State] has؛لس�لس�لما مقرلا
voluntarily consented to adhere, or a national arms embargo;
(e) If a legal registered person is dissolved or a registered natural5
person dies.
Article 53. Record-keeping؛تاملعلا عيمج
A broker registered under this chapter shall maintain records in accordance with chapter V of this Law.
Commentary6
Where a State chooses to regulate the activities of brokers, it should ensure
that brokers are also required to maintain records. A State could also consider 78 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionطوبس�لما فنس�لا ناك ا���مثيح ,رداس�م وأا طوبس�م ن
keeping records of brokers whose registrations have been cancelled or whoseّ
application to engage in brokering activities has been refused.و���كم وأا ءز���ج لك���ل ف���س�و ) ���ه(
B.  Licence  for  [authorization of] brokering activities:كلذ في ابم ,ان
Article 54. Requirement for a brokering licenceّ
1. No brokering activity or proposal to engage in a brokering activityوكم وأا اءزج
from or within the territory of [name of State] may be carried out or pursued؛ن
by any person who is a citizen of or resident in [name of State] and anyّ
person otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of [name of State] without theوكلما وأا ءزلجا عون
prior receipt of a licence [authorization] issued in writing by [name of
licensing authority] for the negotiation or arrangement of transactions involving the transfer of firearms, their parts and components or ammunition1
between [name of State] and another country, or between a third country
and any other third country.؛عناس�لا مس�ا
2. No brokering activity or proposal to engage in a brokering activity
from or within the territory of another country may be carried out or pursued2
by any person who is a citizen of or resident in [name of State] without
complying with the requirements of paragraph 1 of this article.؛تاملعلا عيمج
3. Before it issues the licence [authorization], [name of licensing
authority] may require verification of the information submitted by the provision of original or certified copies of the documentation required in support3
of the application.
Commentary,ةيرخذ طوبس�لما رس�نعلا ناك امثيح ,ةرداس�لما وأا ةطوبس�لما رئاخذلا لكل فس�و )و(
Article 15, paragraph 1 (b), of the Protocol suggests licensing or authorization:كلذ في ابم
of brokering as a measure to regulate the activities of brokers. Brokering activities can be conducted in the broker’s country of nationality, residence or registration; they can also be conducted in another country. The firearms do not؛ةيرخذلا عون
necessarily pass through the territory of the country where the brokering activity
is conducted, nor does the broker necessarily take ownership of the firearms.1
This provision allows a State to exercise jurisdiction over individuals and entities
brokering firearms, their parts and components and ammunition from its own؛ةعومجلما مقر
territory and expands jurisdiction to cover its nationals, permanent residents
and companies when they conduct arms brokering activity abroad. This provision also covers brokering activities regardless of whether the items pass2
through the territory of the State where the brokering activity is conducted.
States can decide whether they want to require a licence for each brokering؛عناس�لا مس�ا
transaction or to issue a general licence (see article 57 below). Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 79
Drafting note3
Where a State has chosen to include A. Registration of brokers in its legislation, the following provision should be added to this article:
4. Each person applying for a licence [written authorization] to engage؛تاملعلا عيمج
in any brokering activities [or associated brokering activities] relating to
firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shall, in making their4
licence [authorization] application, first be registered to operate as a broker
of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.].ىرخأا تامولعم )ز([ اهتيرخذو اهتان
Article 55. Application for a brokering activity licenceّ
An application for a licence [authorization] for a brokering activityوكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 30
relating to firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunitionقيلعتلا
shall be made in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing.لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما :ردس�لما
authority].حوس�وب يرس�ت م���ث نمو ,ةيقافتلا ن���م 12 ةدالما لىإا ة���حارس� لو���كوتوبرلا ن���م 6 ةدا���لما ل���يتح
Drafting noteةيئاس�قلا تاطلس�لا يطعت ثيح ,ةرداس�لماو طبس�لل يداعلا ماظنلل م���
Option 1 (Regulation provision)ّ
An application for a licence for brokering activities relating to firearmsمتم م���كلحا اذ���ه
and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition shall be submitted onّنأا لىإا
form [name/number] and (if applicable) accompanied by the required fee ofنكيم ل تاءارجإلا هذه ل���يجس�ت نإاف هيلعو ةرداس�لما وأا ط���بس�لاب ر���مألا نو���ماعلا نو���عّدلما وأا
[amount].عو���نو ة���عيبط لىإا ة���قيقد ةرا���س�إا ة���يقافتلا وأا لو���كوتوبرلا ن���مس�تي لو .
The application shall be signed and dated and must contain theا���يمازلإا نو���كي نأا لإا
information requested on the form, including:يتلا ليس�افتلاب ةلماس� ة���مئاق حيتت هلعأا ةحترقلما ةغيس�لا ن���كل ,ا���هليجس�ت مزل���لا تا���مولعلما
(a) The identity of the applicant, including address and domicile ofفيو .ةيقافتلا نم 12 ةدا���لما نم 2 ةرقفلا كلذب ي���س�قت امك ر���ثألا ءا���فتقاو ف
the company, person responsible within the company and contact person;ّ
(b) A copy of the signed contract or draft contract, giving the specificر���عتلا ل���
details of the buyer of the goods, type, quantity and value of firearms, theirّ
parts and components or ammunition covered by the intended brokeringهس�تس�
activity; (c) A certified end-use certificate stipulating the end-use and final destination of the items in the manner set out in [see annex I, article 61 (End-user certificate)]; (d) The name of the State from which the equipment is to be sourced and to which it is to be exported, even if it is not transported via [name of State]; (e) At the request of [name of licensing authority], [any] other documents enabling a proper assessment of the case; (f) Full details of all parties involved, including the financial arrangements for the transaction. 80 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Depending on the circumstances of the case it may not be possible to obtain copies of all such information when an application is being considered. States might consider issuing a licence on the condition of receiving further documentation before the licence is valid for use. Information on subcontractors and financial/insurance arrangements Taking into account the widespread use of subcontracting, a State might also require the names of all subcontractors to be involved in the transaction as a means of screening of individuals and companies. In its report on brokering (A/62/163 and Corr.1), the Group of Governmental Experts recommended that States ensure that such closely associated brokering activities are adequately regulated by law, including transport and financing activities, in cases of illicit brokering in small arms and light weapons involving in particular violations of United Nations Security Council arms embargoes. A State could choose to regulate those activities by broadening its definition of what constitutes “brokering” or regulate those other activities (such as transport and financing activities) through other legislation (for example, through the banks act or transport of dangerous goods act). Article 56. Criteria for assessing a brokering activity licence application [Name of licensing authority] shall consider brokering activity licence applications on a case-by-case basis and in accordance with the criteria set out in [see annex I, article 55 (Criteria for assessing an export licence application)] of this Law. Commentary The granting of a licence to engage in brokering activity should be assessed prior to its approval or disapproval against a list of criteria similar to that which an export licence is assessed against. A suggested list of possible criteria is set out in annex I, article 55. Article 57. General licences Where deemed appropriate, [name of licensing authority] may issue a general licence for specified brokering activities in relation to a specified list of low-risk destinations and/or end-users. Commentary States may opt for issuing of a general licence that would constitute a broad grant of authority to persons engaged in these specified activities. If a general Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 81 licence has been granted, the licensee does not need to apply for a licence for each individual brokering activity transaction. The names of low-risk destinations and/or end-users should be specifically set out in the accompanying regulations or the legislation itself and would function as a limited exception to the licensing system. This could include trade within a trading zone or very close commercial partners. In some States, general licences remain in force until they are revoked by the relevant authority. Alternatively, a State could choose to issue a general licence for a specified time frame. Article 58. Revocation or amendment of a brokering activity licence [authorization] A licence [authorization] for brokering activities relating to firearms, their parts and components and ammunition may be revoked or amended prior to its expiration by [name of licensing authority] if: (a) False information has been supplied in order to obtain the licence; (b) The details contained in the licence have changed; (c) The conditions on the licence are not fully complied with; (d) An arms embargo has been imposed on the country of destination since the licence was issued; (e) The situation in the recipient country has changed significantly; (f) There is an increased risk of diversion from the stated end-user; or (g) The stated end-use(r) changes. Article 59. Licence conditions for a brokering activity licence 1. A brokering activity licence is subject to any conditions imposed on the licence by the licensing authority. 2. The holder of a brokering activity licence shall comply with any condition to which the licence is subject. 3. The licensee shall comply with the record-keeping requirements specific to brokers as set out in chapter V of this Law. 4. The licence shall not be transferred to another person.82 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Article 60. Validity of a brokering activity licence [authorization] 1. A specific period of validity shall be assigned to a brokering activity licence [authorization] by [name of licensing authority]. 2. A brokering activity licence [authorization] expires: (a) On the date specified in the licence; (b) If surrendered by the holder of the licence to [name of licensing authority] prior to the date specified in the licence. 3. The period of validity of a brokering activity licence [authorization] may be extended on application to and approval from [name of licensing authority]. 4. Applications for extensions of the period of validity shall be submitted in writing to [name of licensing authority] before the expiry date lapses, otherwise a new licence [authorization] application will be required. Commentary The period of validity for a licence [authorization] should be of sufficient duration to ensure that a brokering transaction can realistically be completed. Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 83 Section B. optional provisions Chapter XVII. Simplified procedures for temporary import, export and transit Commentary As stated in article 10, paragraph 6, of the Protocol, States may choose to adopt simplified procedures to allow private individuals to temporarily import or export firearms, their parts and components and ammunition for verifiable lawful purposes such as hunting, sport shooting, evaluation, exhibitions or repair. This list of activities in the Protocol is not exhaustive. It should also be noted that under article 8, paragraph 1 (b), of the Protocol additional import markings need not be affixed where firearms are imported temporarily for “verifiable lawful purposes”. This provision applies only in cases where States have opted to introduce simplified procedures in accordance with article 10, paragraph 6, of the Protocol. As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 113), legislation establishing simplified procedures for temporary import or export for verifiable lawful purposes could involve creating a parallel set of forms (e.g. application and permit forms) and issuance criteria and procedures, or an expansion or adjustment to the application forms used for import and export licences to permit them to be used for this purpose. It could also involve expedited procedures, such as allowing the issuance of licences by control officers at border points when items actually cross borders or at the point of shipment or receipt once in a country. It is at the discretion of a State whether to adopt such procedures or to develop other further safeguards where appropriate. However, the underlying concepts— that the owner of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition does not change in a temporary import, export or transit and that a temporary transfer cannot be converted into a permanent transfer—must be maintained. If a State decides to adopt simplified procedures, it should ensure that they comply with the scope and purpose of the Protocol. Drafters creating simplified procedures could consider the inclusion of a number of provisions, such as: (a) Ensuring that basic information identifying the firearms and the temporary importer or exporter is collected in order to facilitate the tracing of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition under the Protocol; (b) Setting a time frame for which temporarily imported firearms, their parts and components and ammunition may remain in their country and draft safeguards to ensure that temporarily imported items are re-exported back to the State of origin. If such transactions take place within this limited time frame, it would be unnecessary to keep records for the full 10 years required by article 7 84 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition of the Protocol. However, to ensure that the option for simplified procedures for temporary imports does not create an obstacle to tracing, domestic law should require that records be kept until the re-export of the firearm is confirmed; (c) Legislators could also require evidence that the transaction is for a verifiable lawful purpose; (d) Associated offences can be established for exporting to a State other than the State from which the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition were temporarily imported; where a simplified permit or authorization system is required by the national legislation, an associated offence for cases where the simplified permit or authorization was not obtained; not re-exporting within the time limit; and offences relating to the giving of false or misleading information on permit or authorization forms. Article 61. Simplified procedures for a temporary import, export or transit permit 1. [Name of licensing authority] may apply simplified procedures to the terms of chapter VII of this Law for the temporary import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition for verifiable lawful purposes. 2. For the purpose of this Law, verifiable lawful purposes shall include hunting, sport shooting, evaluation, exhibitions, repairs and other activities to which this article is deemed applicable by [name of licensing authority] on a case-by-case basis. Commentary As the Legislative Guide notes, the simplified procedures apply to private individuals. These Model Law provisions therefore do not apply to temporary imports, exports or transit by groups or persons such as foreign military personnel of an international mission (e.g. peacekeeping forces), official representatives of foreign Governments or law enforcement officers of foreign Governments. Article 62. Temporary export permit 1. Firearms, their parts and components and ammunition may be temporarily exported from the territory of [name of State] by a resident of [name of State] to engage in a verifiable lawful purpose as authorized by [name of licensing authority] on a case-by-case basis. 2. Prior to the temporary removal from [name of State], the resident shall apply for a temporary export permit on form [name of specific form] [or other temporary removal application document].Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 85 3. In addition to the provision of the information required on form [name of specific form] [or other temporary export application document] the resident shall provide: (a) Proof of legal ownership of the firearm(s), their parts and components and ammunition; (b) Proof that a temporary import authorization [permit] from the foreign Government of the country of temporary import has been obtained or written verification has been presented that no such authorization is required; (c) Proof of the intended activity in the country of destination; (d) A declaration/undertaking that no firearm, firearm part, component or ammunition temporarily removed from [name of State] will be sold, or otherwise permanently transferred, to another person during the period of the temporary transfer that is specified on the temporary export permit. 4. Not more than [...] firearms and/or not more than [...] rounds of ammunition shall be temporarily removed from [name of State]. Commentary With regard to paragraph 3 (c), applicants could, for example, be required to produce an invitation to a trade show, exhibition or a hunting or sport shooting activity in the country of destination. Drafters should also consider limiting the number of firearms, firearm parts and components and rounds of ammunition that can be temporarily removed from their State. In considering such limitations drafters should bear in mind what is reasonable given the specific lawful activities being undertaken (for example, exhibitions). Where a State chooses to introduce expedited procedures as a part of its simplified procedures system, it could allow the issuance of temporary export permits by control officers at border points when the items actually cross borders. Forms that must be completed for a temporary export permit could be made available for completion at a customs office at the point of departure or at the point of shipment. 5. The temporary export permit shall contain the name and address of the temporary export permit holder and the specific lawful purpose of the transfer, and shall specify the duration of its validity, which in any case shall not exceed [... days]. Commentary The limitation of the exception established by article 10, paragraph 6, of the Protocol extends only to “temporary” exports, imports and transit, which therefore requires that time limits be established. 86 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition 6. No firearm, firearm part, component or ammunition temporarily removed from [name of State] shall be sold, or otherwise permanently transferred, to another person during the period of the temporary transfer that is specified on the temporary export permit. 7. Prior to departure from [name of State], the temporary export permit holder shall register the permit with [name of customs authority]. 8. All firearms, their parts and components and ammunition (not otherwise expended for the lawful activity authorized) that are temporarily removed from [name of State] shall be returned to [name of State] before the expiration of the temporary export permit. Any person who has been issued a temporary export permit shall, upon return to [name of State], present their permit and the firearm(s), parts and components and unspent ammunition that are the subject of the permit to [name of customs authority] at the port of entry, as proof that such firearms, their parts and components and ammunition were previously taken out of [name of State], have been returned to [name of State] and are lawfully possessed under the laws of [name of State] by such person. Article 63. Temporary import permit 1. Firearms, their parts and components and ammunition may be temporarily imported into [name of State] for a verifiable lawful purpose on a case-by-case basis by a non-resident of [name of State], provided that at the point of entry into [name of State] the non-resident shall provide: (a) Proof of legal ownership of the firearm(s), their parts and components and ammunition; (b) A temporary removal permit issued by the competent authority of his or her country of origin, indicating the duration of the temporary removal, or proof that no such permit was required under the laws of the State of origin; (c) Proof of the intended activity in [name of State]; (d) A declaration/undertaking that no firearm, firearm part, component or ammunition temporarily imported into [name of State] will be sold, or otherwise permanently transferred, to another person during the period of the temporary transfer that is specified on the temporary import permit. 2. Not more than [...] firearms and/or not more than [...] rounds of ammunition shall be temporarily imported into [name of State]. Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 87 Commentary With regard to paragraph 1 (c), applicants could, for example, be required to produce an invitation to a trade show, exhibition or a hunting or sport shooting activity in the country of destination. Drafters should also consider limiting the number of firearms, firearm parts and components and rounds of ammunition that can be temporarily imported into their State. 3. A declaration by the non-resident shall be made at the point of entry into [name of State], an inspection by a customs officer is made and [name of customs authority] issues a temporary import permit that shall to be presented to the customs officer upon departure. 4. The temporary import permit shall contain the name and addressةرداس�مو ةطرس�لل ةيرادإلا تلجس�لاب ةقلعتلما ح���ئاوللا ج
of the permit holder and the specific lawful purpose of the transfer, and shallَ
specify the duration of its validity, which in any case shall not exceed [...ردت ل دق ,ة���يئاس�قلا تا���يلولا ض����عب
days].ماكحألا هذه جاردإا لودلل نكيمو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا في تادوجولما
5..
The firearm(s), part(s) and component(s) and ammunition mustرخآا ناكم في
be with the non-resident’s baggage or effects, whether accompanied orةل
un accompanied (but not mailed).َّطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -18 ةدالما[
6. Any person in possession of a temporary import permit shall comply with the safety and security requirements established by [name of law]ليطعتب ض�يخترلا تا���بلط عيملج تلجس�ب ]ة���س�تخلما ةئيهلا م���س�ا جرد���
with respect to the carrying, storage, safe custody, transport and display ofُ
such firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.ي[ ظ���فتتح 1
7. Any firearm, its parts and components and ammunition that are the:ةيلاتلا تامولعلما كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذه نم 21 ةداملل اقفو ةمدقلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا
subject of a temporary import permit shall be for that person’s exclusive useحلس�لل ]هل ض�خرم/نيوناق[ كلام ليطعتلا بلطي يذلا ض�خس�لا
and shall not be sold or otherwise permanently transferred to another personّنأا تبثي ليلد )أا(
in [name of State].؛يرانلا
8. When the holder of the temporary import permit leaves [name of؛يرانلا حلس�لل ]هل ض�خرلما/نيوناقلا[ كلالما مس�ا )ب(
State], the firearm(s), firearm parts and components and unspent ammunition؛يرانلا حلس�لل ]هل ض�خرلما/نيوناقلا[ كلالما نكس� ناونع )ج(
with respect to which the temporary import permit is issued shall accompany:كلذ في ابم ,ل َّطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا نع ةلس�فم تامولعم )د(
the holder of the permit.؛زارطلا
9. Any items temporarily imported with a licence issued under this
article are exempt from the provisions of [article 8 (Marking of firearms at1
import)].88 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition
Article 64. Temporary transit permit؛جذومنلا
1. All persons in transit through the territory of [name of State] shall
make a declaration at the point of entry into [name of State] of any firearm(s),2
firearm parts and components and ammunition in their possession for a
verifiable lawful purpose. An inspection by an officer of [name of customs؛رايعلا
authority] shall be made, and [name of customs authority] shall issue a
temporary transit permit. The temporary transit permit shall be valid for the3
period of transit through [name of State] and shall be surrendered to [name
of customs authority] on departure from [name of State].؛عناس�لا مس�ا
Commentary
States may consider exceptions for temporary transit permits where the firearm,4
firearm parts and components and ammunition are not physically moved
through the territory of the State but are in transit through an airport or other؛لس�لس�لما مقرلا
point of entry into the State but are not physically moved through the territory
(or territorial waters) of the State.5
2. No declaration shall be required if the person and his or her
baggage containing the firearms will be transiting through a public transportation facility without leaving the customs jurisdiction of [name of State].تاملعلا عيمج
to continue his or her onward journey, if the firearms possessor can demonstrate upon demand from any customs officer that such possession is for
a verifiable lawful purpose in accordance with the laws of the State of origin6
and the State of destination.
Commentaryنم 21 ةداملل اقفو يران حلس� ليطعتب ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد
Drafters can consider the suitability of this provision for travellers in transitُ
through their State who do not need to declare and redeposit their luggage byي[ ض� ّخرت امثيح 2
leaving the customs territory of the State of transit.:تلجس�ب ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد
Article 65. Record-keepingُ
[Name of licensing authority or other competent authority] shall beي[ ظفتتح ,نوناقلا اذه
responsible for keeping the records related to the issuance of temporaryاذه نم 23 ةداملل اقفو ]ة���س�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد���
removal and temporary import permits of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, including record-keeping of the entry and date ofُ
return of the firearm(s), firearm part, component or ammunition. Such recordsي[ ا���هتردس�أا ي���تلا ةدا���هس�لل )أا(
shall be kept for [... years].Part Three. Non-mandatory provisions 89؛نوناقلا31 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
Commentary].نوناقلا اذه نم 11 ةداملل اقفو ل ّطعلما حلس�لا ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع وأا )ب(
If temporary removal or import of a firearm, firearm part, component or ammunition takes place within a limited time frame, it will be unnecessary to keepقيلعتلا
records for the full 10 years as required by article 7 of the Protocol..
However,لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما :ردس�لما
to ensure that the option for simplified procedures for temporary removal orن
import permits does not create an obstacle to tracing, domestic law shouldّ
require that records be kept until the return of the firearm, firearm parts orودت لجس� وأا ةداهس�" �ب ظافتحلا لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما ن���م )ج( ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلا ي���س�تقت
components or ammunition to the country of origin is confirmed.ةحلس�ألا مس�و ام ةلود تراتخا اذإاو .ققحتلا ةيلمع راطإا في "يرانلا حلس�لا ليطعت ةعقاو هيف
Article 66. Associated offences,ةملعلل لجس�ب ظافتحلا يغبني ,ليطعتلل تلجس� وأا تاداهس�ب ظافتحلا لدب ةل
Commentaryّطعلما ةيرانلا
States can consider establishing associated offences for failure to comply withةنامس� اهرابتعاب تلجس�لا كلتب ظافتحلا نكيمو .كلذب ةحارس� يس�قي ل لوكوتوبرلا نأا مغر
the simplified procedure provisions.ةحلس�ألا رثأا ءافتقا في دعاس�ي نأا هنأاس� نم اذهو .
Where necessary, drafters should also consider the appropriate level of mens rea for those offences in accordance withةعورس�لما ير���غ ليغس�تلا ةدا���عإا ع���نلم ة���يفاس�إا
their national legal framework..)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 130 ةرقفلا( اهليغس�ت ديعأا يتلا ةيرانلا
Article 67. Temporary import, export or transitةيرادإلا طورص�لا -ميج
without permit or authorizationتلجس�لا ظفح ةدم -19 ةدالما
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] imports,ءادتبا ةنس�/تاونس� ]...[ نع لقت ل ةدلم ءزلجا/نوناقلا اذهل اقبط تلجس�لا عيمج ظفتح
exports or transits any firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.تامولعلما كلت ليجس�ت خيرات نم
from or across the territory of [name of country] to another State withoutقيلعتلا
legal authorization or a permit issued in accordance with articles 62 to 64يمازلإا مكح
of this Law commits an offence..لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما :ردس�لما
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shallتلجس�لاب "تاونس� ر���س�ع نع لقت ل" ةدلم ظافتحلا لود���لا نمس�ت نأا���ب م���كلحا اذ���ه ي���س�قي
upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to.اهتيهام ديدتحو ةعورس�لما يرغ ةحلس�ألا رثأا ءافتقل ةمزللا
...] [a fine of the ... category].ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم
Article 68. Exporting to a State other than the State:انه امهتاعارم ينعتي ناتطقن ةمث
from which the firearms were temporarily importedلودلا نمس�ت نأاب ديدحتلا هجو ىلع لوكوتوبرلا يس�قي يتلا ةديحولا تامولعلما )أا(
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] temporarilyض�يس�نتلا
imports firearms, their parts and components and ammunition into [name ofّينعتي كلذلو ,)7 ةدالما نم )أا( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا( مس�ولا تاملع يه اهيلع ظافلحا
State] and re-exports or re-transfers those items to another person or toةدالما نأا يرغ .تاونس� رس�ع نع لقت ل ةدلم مس�ولا تاملع تلجس� ظفحب يمازلإا طرس� ىلع
another State commits an offence."اهتيهام ديدتحو" ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا "رثأا ءافتقل ةمزللا" تامولعلماب ظافتحلا اس�يأا طترس�ت 7
2.بجوبم ,فارطألا لودلا اهبرتعت تامولعم يأا ل���يجس�ت بجي ,كلذل اعبتو .
A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shallتاو���نس� ر���س�ع ةد���لم
upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to.تاونس� رس�ع نع لقت ل ةدلم "ةمزللا" تامولعلما نم ,ةينطولا اهتاعيرس�ت
...] [a fine of the ... category]. 90 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionةلس�تلما تل���جس�لا
Article 69. Breaching the validity of a temporary export,ّنأا ىلع ))أا( 12 ةر���قفلا( ب���قعتلل ليود���لا ك���س�لا ض����ني )ب(
import or transit permitتلجس� ظفح ينعتي هنأا ىلع ,"ىمس�م يرغ لجأل" ظَف ُتح ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب اهتيرخذو اهتان
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] removes firearms, or their parts and components or ammunition from [name of State]ّ
pursuant to a temporary export permit and does not return those firearms,وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 32
or their parts and components or ammunition to [name of State] within the20 نع لقت ل ةدلم ىرخألا تلجس�لا لكو ,ةنس� 30 نع لقي ل ل
duration of the temporary export permit commits an offence.َ
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shallجأل لاوحألا لك في عينس�تلا
upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up toةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ة���حلس�ألاب عورس�لما يرغ راتجلا عنلم لمعلا ج���مانرب ض����نيو .ة���نس�
...] [a fine of the ... category].ظفح ىلع )نياثلا لس�فلا نم 9 ةرقفلا( ه���يلع ءاس�قلاو راتجلا كلذ ة���حفاكمو ه���بناوج لك���ب
Article 70.ةقيثو ض�نتو .
Giving false or misleading information on"ةنكمم ةدم لوطأل" ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب ةقلعتلما تلجس�لا
temporary export, import or transit permit forms-نياثلا مس�قلا( ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا نأاس�ب ابوروأا في نواعتلاو نمألا ةمظنم
1. Where for the purpose of obtaining a permit under articles 62 to 64 ofةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت لامج في تاس�راملما لس�فأا نأاس�ب رانس�افل ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلماو ))ج(
this Law, a person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate]:ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا نم عانس�لا تانوزمخ تلجس�
(a) Makes a statement that is false or misleading, or omits a materialّنأا ىلع ))ج( 2 ةرقفلا( ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو
fact;ابم ,ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا نوكل ارظنو .
or"ةنكمم ةدم لو���طأل" ظ��� َف ُتح نأا ب���جي
(b) Furnishes a document or information containing a false statement,اهرثأا ءافتقا يرس�يتل تلجس�لا ظفح ةيمهأاو ةر
or misrepresenting or omitting a material fact;ِّ
commits an offence.معلما فانس�ألا نم ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا كلذ في
2..
A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall beىمس�م يرغ لجأا لىإا تلجس�لا ظفح نس�حتس�ي هّنأا تاس�راملما لس�فأا نم دافتس�ي
liable to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a fine of the ...وه امم لوطأا ةد���لم تلجس�لا ظفحب ي���س�قت ماك���حأا جاردإا في لود���لا ر���ظنت نأا زو���جيو
category].91:ةيلاتلا ةحترقلما ةغيس�لل اقفو ,لوكوتوبرلل اقفو ض�ورفم
Annex I1 رايلخا
Additional considerationsخيرات نم ءادتبا ى���مس�م يرغ لجأل ءزلجا/نوناقلا اذهل ا���قفو تل���جس�لا ع���يمج ظ���فتح
Commentary.تامولعلما كلت ليجس�ت
Annex I to the Model Law contains additional draft text designed to supplement the draftقيلعتلا
mandatory provisions contained in the Model Law. States are not required to incorporate these provisions into their national legislation in order to comply with the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition itself. The draft text in this annex reflects best practices and principles derived from national practice and existing global and regional instruments on firearms other than the Protocol. This annex is designed to assist States to adopt and implement, at their discretion, a more extensive legislative regime on firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the mandatory provisions of the Protocol. A. Manufacturing Commentary These draft provisions are suggested provisions to help States ensure that they have a comprehensive system of licensing or authorizing manufacturers in place. 1.  Licensing  of manufacturers Article 1. Licensing criteria 1. [Name of licensing authority] shall not issue a licence to manufacture firearms [, their parts and components] or ammunition unless [name of licensing authority] is satisfied that the applicant fulfils the licensing criteria established under [title of subsidiary regulations where the licensing criteria will be listed]. Drafting note The Protocol does not stipulate that licensing criteria should be applied to licensing decisions or what those criteria should be. However, in jurisdictions where manufacturing is licensed, invariably certain criteria are applied to applicants. Given the level of detail involved, such criteria may be better suited to subsidiary legislation or regulations rather than primary legislation. According to best practices, licensing criteria should include three categories, related to personal character (moral attitude, criminal record, the absence of any link to criminal or mafia-like organizations, etc.), competence and ability 92 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (technical requirements to manufacture) and general national values (public safety, national interest, etc.). The list below constitutes good practice derived from national legislation and the OSCE “Best practice guide on national controls over manufacture of small arms and light weapons” 1 (chapter IV, section 2, page 5): 1. [Name of licensing authority] shall not issue a licence to manufacture firearms or ammunition unless: (a) The applicant or any responsible person in relation to the application is of or above the age of [country’s age of majority or above as the minimum age]; and Commentary Apprenticeships. Drafters will need to consider whether provisional or restricted licences may be issued to persons who are below the age of majority in countries where supervised apprenticeships to learn the trade of firearms manufacture may be taken up at an age that is below the age of majority. (b) [Name of licensing authority] is satisfied that: (i) The applicant and all responsible persons in relation to the application: a. Are fit and proper persons; b. Can carry on the business without being a danger to public safety; c. Have sufficient financial resources to sustain the business; d. Can comply with the storage requirements set out in [title of the subsidiary or other regulations governing safe storage at the time of manufacture]; and e. Have completed a competency test [prescribed by the regulations]; (ii) The persons whom the applicant is proposing to employ in the business are fit and proper persons; (iii) All close associates of the applicant are fit and proper persons; (iv) The premises specified in the application are suitable to carry on the business of manufacturing firearms or ammunition; (v) The issue of the licence is not against the public interest or the activity to be conducted under the licence is not contrary to the interests of national security; and (vi) All the information provided by the applicant as part of the application process is true and accurate. 2. For the purposes of paragraph 1 (b)(iv) of this article, premises are deemed suitable premises for manufacturing firearms or ammunition if: 1 Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light Weapons (Vienna, 2003), part I; available from www.osce.org/files/documents/e/a/13616.pdf.Annex I. Additional considerations 93 (a) [Insert references to the relevant regulations or other provisions, for example, legislation pertaining to occupational health and safety within factories or other business premises; legislation pertaining to specific licensing requirements for carrying on certain dangerous activities; and so on]; (b) The storage facilities located at the premises comply with the requirements set out in [insert an annex to this Law containing storage requirements for manufacturers or insert the title of the subsidiary or other regulations governing safe storage at the time of manufacture]. Commentary Article 11 of the Protocol requires States to take “appropriate measures” to require the security of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition at the time of manufacture, in order to detect, prevent and eliminate their theft, loss or diversion. The Protocol does not specify what those measures should be and so it is up to States to determine the nature of the required security measures (further optional guidance on this is available in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 05.20, “Stockpile management: weapons”, and module 05.21, “Stockpile management: ammunition”). In some jurisdictions, this involves a requirement that firearms, their parts and components and ammunition be stored in a safe and secure way by the manufacturer in order to prevent theft, loss and diversion. The scope of the requirements vary from simply ensuring that the stock cannot be accessed by the public to detailed provisions regarding the dimensions of the vault that stores the stock, the number of people who must guard the stock and the surveillance equipment that must be employed. The specifications of the storage requirements are often contained in separate, subsidiary regulations that can be easily updated as security technology develops. 3. For the purposes of paragraph 1 (b)(iii) of this article, an applicant is a fit and proper person to carry on the business of being a manufacturer if: (a) The applicant has not, within a period of [ten years] before the application was made, been convicted in [name of State] or elsewhere of [insert relevant offences] [an offence contained in this Law], whether or not the offence is an offence under [name of State] law; and (b) The applicant is not [nor has he or she ever been] a member or associate of an organized criminal group; and (c) The applicant does not suffer from a mental [or physical] condition that makes him or her unsuitable to operate as a manufacturer; and (d) The applicant does not have a record of substance abuse involving drugs or alcohol; and (e) The applicant can demonstrate that he or she is of good character through the provision of references to that effect. Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol that States only allow “fit and proper persons” to obtain manufacturing licences. Established legal practice in national systems differs and accordingly it is difficult to reach a single, generic definition of what “fit and proper” 94 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition entails. It is up to States to determine what the character requirements are, if any, for a person to obtain a manufacturer’s licence. Article 2. Review of a decision not to issue a licence A person who has applied for a licence under this chapter may apply to [name of body authorized to review licensing decisions] for a review of a decision of [name of licensing authority]: (a) Not to issue a licence; or (b) To impose conditions on the licence. 2.  General provisions applying  to manufacturer’s  licences Commentary The following provisions constitute suggested provisions pertaining to the procedural and administrative elements of a system for licensing manufacturers. Article 3. Application for a manufacturer’s licence 1. A person who is making an application for a licence to manufacture firearms or ammunition under this chapter shall make that application to [name of licensing authority]. 2. An application shall be in the form and manner approved by [name of licensing authority]. 3. An applicant shall pay the fee prescribed for the licence application. Article 4. Information required for an application for a manufacturer’s licence 1. An application by a natural person for a licence under this chapter shall be accompanied by: (a) Proof of the identity of the applicant, including: (i) Name; (ii) Physical address; (iii) Recent photograph; (b) Proof of the identity of any person the applicant proposes to employ in the business, together with: (i) Name; (ii) Physical address;Annex I. Additional considerations 95 (iii) Recent photograph; (c) A full set of the applicant’s fingerprints; (d) A full set of the fingerprints of any person the applicant proposes to employ in the business; (e) A competency certificate demonstrating satisfactory completion of the competency test described in [annex I, article 1 (Licensing criteria), paragraph 1 (b) (i)(e)]; (f) References demonstrating good character as described in [annex I, article 1 (Licensing criteria), paragraph 3 (e)]; (g) Any medical certificate required in accordance with [annex I, article 1 (Licensing criteria), paragraph 3 (c) and (d)]; (h) Information on the weapons to be manufactured; (i) The address of the premises where the business will be conducted; and (j) Such other information as [name of licensing authority] requests. Commentary Drafters may wish to consider including the details of the information required for an application for manufacturer’s licence in secondary legislation or regulations rather than in the primary legislation. 2. An application by a body corporate for a licence under this chapter shall be accompanied by: (a) The company’s founding documents, articles of incorporation or other proof of licensed business; (b) Information on the weapons to be manufactured; (c) Proof that the company meets [title of State’s standards for protection of proprietary and state classified information]; and (d) Information on foreign control and/or ownership in the applicant company; Commentary The OSCE “Best practice guide on national controls over manufacture of small arms and light weapons” states (chapter IV, section 3, page 6) that, inter alia, original documents or certified copies of the information identified in paragraph 2 (a)­(d) of article 4 above should be provided to the designated licensing authority. (e) The identity of each of the officers of the body corporate, including: (i) Name; and (ii) Physical address;96 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (f) With respect to the premises for which the licence is to be issued, nominate the person who will be responsible for the day-to-day management of the business on those premises; (g) Proof of the identity of the responsible person and any person the applicant proposes to employ in the business, including: (i) Name; (ii) Physical address; (iii) Recent photograph; (iv) A full set of the responsible person’s fingerprints and of the fingerprints of any person the applicant proposes to employ in the business; (h) A competency certificate demonstrating satisfactory completion of the competency test described in [annex I, article 1 (Licensing criteria), paragraph 1 (b) (i)(e)] with respect to the responsible person and any person the applicant proposes to employ in the business; (i) References demonstrating the good character of the responsible person as described in [annex I, article 1 (Licensing criteria), paragraph 3 (e)]; (j) Any medical certificate pertaining to the responsible person required in accordance with [annex I, article 1 (Licensing criteria), paragraph 3 (c) and (d)]; (k) The address of the premises where the business will be conducted; and (l) Such other information as [name of licensing authority] requests. Article 5. Particulars of a manufacturer’s licence A licence issued under this chapter shall specify: (a) If the licence holder is a natural person, the name and residential address of the licence holder; (b) If the licence holder is a body corporate, the name, corporate status and place of registration of the manufacturer; (c) Date of issue of the licence; (d) Date of expiry of the licence; (e) Licensed activity; (f) Name of the licensing authority; (g) A recent photograph of: (i) In the case of a licence issued to a natural person, that person; or (ii) In the case of a body corporate, the responsible person; (h) The signature of: (i) In the case of a licence issued to a natural person, that person; or (ii) In the case of a body corporate, the responsible person; (i) Physical address of the business premises to which the licence applies; Annex I. Additional considerations 97 (j) A summary of the storage requirements set out in [name of accompanying regulations to the Law or guidelines containing safe storage requirements for manufacturers]; (k) Any restrictions that may apply to the licence in accordance with [annex I, article 6 (Restrictions on a manufacturer’s licence)]; (l) Any conditions that may apply to the licence in accordance with [article 6 of the Model Law and annex I, article 7 (Licence conditions for a manufacturer’s licence)]. Commentary The OSCE “Best practice guide on national controls over manufacture of small arms and light weapons” states that a licence to manufacture SALW should, at a minimum, contain the information specified in subparagraphs (b)­(f) of article 5 above (chapter IV, section 3, page 6). Article 6. Restrictions on a manufacturer’s licence 1. A manufacturer’s licence is subject to any restrictions imposed on the licence by [name of licensing authority]. 2. The holder of a manufacturer’s licence shall comply with any restrictions to which the licence is subject. 3. Without prejudice to paragraph 1 of this article, each licence is subject to the following restrictions: (a) The licence may not be transferred to another person; and (b) [Other restrictions]. Drafting note Licensing authorities may impose restrictions on the operations of manufacturers that should be reflected in the national legislation and on the licence itself. For example, restrictions may be imposed on: The quantity of firearms or ammunition that can be manufactured. The types of firearm or ammunition that can be manufactured (e.g. in some jurisdictions, certain types of weapon such as automatic weapons are prohibited and manufacturers may only be authorized to manufacture firearms that can be legally possessed). The sale or transfer of firearms (e.g. manufacturers may only be authorized to sell firearms to licensed individuals or dealers, or for export). The activities manufacturers can engage in (e.g. manufacturers may be prohibited from reactivating, converting or reactivating firearms). And/or The transferability of the licence (i.e. it should not be lawful to transfer the licence into the name of another person. Exceptions may be made, for example, for the transfer of the licence to an executor or administrator in the event of the death of 98 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition the manufacturer or to the trustee in bankruptcy if the manufacturer becomes bankrupt or insolvent, for the purposes of winding up the business). Article 7. Licence conditions for a manufacturer’s licence Commentary In addition to the mandatory licence conditions in draft article 6 of the Model Law, drafters can consider the following other conditions: Each manufacturing licence is subject to the following additional conditions: (a) The licensee shall, at any reasonable time, permit inspection by a police officer (or such other person as may be prescribed by the regulations) of the information and records held by the licensee in accordance with [chapter V of the Law]; (b) The licensee shall comply with the requirement to submit reports under [annex I, article 38 (Reports to be submitted)]; Drafting note It may not be necessary to include both subparagraphs (a) and (b). The preference of one over the other will depend on which system of record-keeping the State chooses. For example, if the State chooses the system whereby the responsibility to maintain records rests with the manufacturer, then an ability to inspect those records is appropriate. If, however, the State chooses a system whereby all records of licensed activities are retained by the State, then it will need regular submission of reports detailing licensed activities that have been conducted. (c) The licensee shall, at any reasonable time, permit inspection by a police officer (or such other person as may be prescribed by the regulations) of the licensee’s facilities with respect to the storage of the firearms in the licensee’s possession; and (d) The licensee shall notify [name of licensing authority] of: (i) Any theft or loss of any item from the licensee’s premises identified on the licence, within twenty-four hours of [the licensee becoming aware of] such theft or loss; (ii) Any change in address of the premises where the licensee carries on the business of manufacturing, within [seven days]; (iii) Any change in the storage facilities used by the licensee, within [seven days]; (iv) Any change in the identity of any person employed by the business, within [seven days]; and (v) Where the licensee is a body corporate, any change in the identity of the officers of the company within [seven days].Annex I. Additional considerations 99 Commentary Since the granting of a manufacturer’s licence is dependent on the provision of certain information and documentation, it is important that the licensing authority be aware of any change in that information or documentation, especially where it relates to other conditions of the licence (such as the storage facilities). Article 8. Variation of licence conditions 1. [Name of licensing authority] may, at any time, vary any condition imposed on a manufacturer’s licence. 2. The variation of a condition under this chapter takes effect upon the giving of notice of that variation to the holder of the licence. Article 9. Review of a decision to vary licence conditions The holder of a manufacturer’s licence/licensee may apply to [name of licensing authority] for a review of a decision of [name of licensing authority] to vary any of the conditions on the licence. Article 10. Duration of licences A manufacturer’s licence continues in force for a period of [...] years from the date of issue or the date of subsequent renewal of the licence, which is specified in the licence, unless it is sooner surrendered or cancelled or otherwise ceases to be in force in accordance with [annex I, article 6 (Restrictions on a manufacturer’s licence)]. Article 11. Renewal of a manufacturer’s licence 1. Before the expiration of a licence granted under this chapter, the holder may apply to [name of licensing authority] for renewal of the licence. 2. An application shall be in the form and manner approved by [name of licensing authority]. 3. In the case of an application by a body corporate, if any of the responsible persons in relation to the licence have changed during the course of the licence, the application shall be accompanied by: (a) Proof of the identity of the new persons; and (b) A full set of each person’s fingerprints. 100 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition [4. In addition to the requirements of paragraph 3 of this article, if there is a close associate of the applicant for renewal who has not been disclosed to [name of licensing authority], the application shall be accompanied by: (a) A statement setting out the name and address of any such close associate; and (b) A full set of the fingerprints of any such close associate or, if it is not possible to obtain a full set of such fingerprints, if [name of licensing authority] so requires, any known information about the close associate.] 5. The applicant shall pay the appropriate fee prescribed for the renewal of licences. 6. [Name of licensing authority] may renew or refuse to renew a licence and, if a licence is to be renewed, [name of licensing authority] may alter or vary the conditions on the licence or impose further conditions on the licence. Commentary There is no requirement in the Protocol that States must implement a system whereby licences can be renewed. However, as a practical matter, a licensing system should include provisions whereby a licence expires after a certain term and the licensee may renew or continue that licence. An alternative is to treat each licence application as a fresh application for a new licence. Article 12. Continuation of a licence during consideration of an application for renewal If a licence holder has applied for renewal of a licence under [annex I, article 11 (Renewal of a manufacturer’s licence)] and that application has not been determined before the date of expiry of the licence, the licence is deemed to continue in force, on and from that date, until the determination of the application. Article 13. Conditions of renewal of a manufacturer’s licence [Name of licensing authority] shall not renew a manufacturer’s licence unless [name of licensing authority] is satisfied that: (a) The applicant, all close associates of the applicant, all the responsible persons in relation to the application and any persons employed in the business are fit and proper persons; (b) The premises specified in the application are suitable to carry on the business of being a manufacturer; (c) The applicant can comply with the storage requirements set out in [title of accompanying regulations to the Law or guidelines containing safe storage requirements for manufacturers]; andAnnex I. Additional considerations 101 (d) The renewal of the licence is not against the public interest. Article 14. Review of a decision not to renew a licence A person who has applied for renewal of a licence under this chapter may apply to [name of body authorized to review licensing decisions] for review of a decision of [name of licensing authority] not to renew the licence. 3.  Suspension,  cancellation and  transfer of manufacturer’s  licences Article 15. Suspension of a manufacturer’s licence 1. [Name of licensing authority] may suspend a manufacturer’s licence if it is satisfied [on reasonable grounds] that there may be grounds for cancelling the licence under [annex I, article 16 (Cancellation of a manufacturer’s licence)]. 2. If [name of licensing authority] decides to suspend a licence, it shall serve notice of the suspension of the licence on the holder of the licence. 3. A notice under paragraph 2 of this article shall: (a) State that the licence is suspended; and (b) State that [name of licensing authority] is satisfied that there are grounds for the cancellation of the licence; and (c) Set out those grounds; and (d) State that the holder of the licence may make written submissions on the proposal and that any written submissions made must be made within 28 days of the giving of the notice. 4. Within 28 days of receiving a notice of the suspension of a licence under paragraph 2 of this article, the holder of the licence may make written submissions to [name of licensing authority] responding to the proposed grounds for the cancellation of the licence. 5. Within [14 days] of receiving any written submissions from the licensee in accordance with paragraph 4 of this article, [name of licensing authority] shall serve a notice on the licensee confirming that: (a) [Name of licensing authority] has received and reviewed the written submissions; and (b) The suspension of the licence is: (i) Continued; or.بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا نم )أا( 12 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
(ii) Revoked.2 رايلخا
6. The suspension ends when: 102 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionنع لقت ل ةدلمو ,ةنكمم ةدم لوطأل ءزلجا/نوناقلا اذهل اقفو عينس�تلا تلجس� عيمج ظفتح
(a) [Name of licensing authority] gives the licensee a written notice revokingنيرس�ع نع لقت ل ةدلم ءز���لجا/نوناقلا اذهل اقفو ةبولطلما ىرخألا تل���جس�لا ع���يمجو ,ة���نس� ين���ثلث
the suspension;.
orتامولعلما كلت ليجس�ت خيرات نم ءادتبا ةنس�
(b) The licence is cancelled under this Law.قيلعتلا
7. The licensee is not authorized to manufacture firearms or ammunitionقلعتلما ةد���حتلما ممألا لمع ج���مانربو ؛ب���قعتلل ليود���لا ك���س�لا ن���م )أا( 12 ةر���قفلا :رد���س�لما
during the suspension.نمألا ةمظنم ةقيثوو ؛)نياثلا لس�فلا ن���م 9 ةرقفلا( ةفيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ة���حلس�ألاب
Article 16. Cancellation of a manufacturer’s licenceئدابلماو ؛))ج(-نياثلا مس�قلا( ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا نأاس�ب ابوروأا في نواعتلاو
1..
A licence to manufacture firearms [, their parts and components] or ammunition may be cancelled by [name of licensing authority] if:))ج( 2 ةرقفلا( تاس�راملما لس�فأا نأاس�ب رانس�افل ةيهيجوتلا33 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا ليطعت -س�داص�لا لص�فلا[
(a) The licensee has ceased to carry on business as a manufacturer [and theقيلعتلا
licence has not been transferred to another person or entity in accordance with thisةلود تناك اذإا لإا عوس�ولماب ةلس� تاذو ةيرورس� ليطعتلا نأاس�ب هذ���ه ماك���حألا ع���يراس�م نو���كت ل
Law];."ايران احلس�" ل ّطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا برتعت ل ام
(b) [Name of licensing authority] is satisfied on reasonable grounds that theاهعمج ةاوه لبق نم ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا )ض�رعو( كلتماب لودلا نم ديدعلا حمس�تو
licensee knowingly gave information that was false or misleading in relation to theطباوس�ل ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا هذه لثم عس�خت ام ابلاغو .اهيرغو قدانبلا يداونو فحاتلماو
application for the licence;,اهليغس�ت ةداعإاو ة���عورس�م يرغ تاهجو لىإا ةلطعلما ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا لقن مد���ع نا���مس�لو .ل���قأا
(c) The licensee no longer fulfils all of the requirements in [annex I, article 1ةرقفلا( ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ ةيس�اس�ألا ءازجألا عيمج لع ُتج نأاب لوكوتوبرلا يس�قي
(Licensing criteria)];,عوس�ولما اذهب ةقلعتلما تا���عيرس�تلا ةغايس� دنعو .)لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 9 ةدا���لما ن���م )أا( ة���يعرفلا
(d) The licensee has committed a material violation of one of the restrictionsددتح نأا دعبو .ةلطعم ةحلس�أا ةزايحب ا���هيف حمس�تس� يتلا فورظلا في رظنلا لود���لا ى���لع ب���جي
imposed on the licence in accordance with [annex I, article 6 (Restrictions on aمظنت نأا اهيلع بجي ,ةعورس�م ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةزايح اهيف نوكت يتلا فورظلا ةلودلا
manufacturer’s licence)];.)ينطولا ديعس�لا ىلع ليطعتلا يرياعم ىلع ةلثمأا ةدع ثلاثلا قفرلما مدقي( ليطعتلا ةقيرط
(e) The licensee has committed a material violation of one of the conditionsفي "ةيران ةحلس�أا" ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا برتعت ل يتلا لودلا نم لوكوتوبرلا يس�تقيو
imposed on the licence in accordance with [article 6 of the Model Law and annex I,ّنأا عمو .ةلطعلما ةحلس�ألل عورس�لما يرغ ليغس�تلا ةداعإا عنلم يربادت دمتعت نأا ةيلخادلا اهنيناوق
article 7 (Licence conditions for a manufacturer’s licence)];يغبني يتلا يربادتلا ينبي ل لوكوتوبرلا نإاف ,لوكوتوبرلا بجوبم يمازلإا ليغس�تلا ةداعإا عنم أادبم
(f) The licensee has contravened a provision of this Law [whether or notكلت ىلع اهقيبطت ينعتي ةيمازلإا ةماع ئدابم كلذ لدب مدقي هنكل ,اهدامتعا وأا اهذاختا لودلل
the licensee has been convicted of an offence associated with the contravention];اهنوناق بجوبم "ةيران ةحلس�أا" ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا برتعت ل لودلا تناك امثيحو .يربادتلا
orاهيلع ينعتي ,)ةينطولا ةيباقرلا يربادتلا نمس� ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا جردنت ل ثيحب( ينطولا
(g) [Name of licensing authority] has determined that the licensee is otherwise unfit to hold a licence to manufacture.ئدابم عم اهقاس�تا نامس� لجأا نم لس�فلا اذه في اهيلع ض����وس�نلما ماك���حألا ع���يراس�م دا���متعا
2.عورس�م في ةدراولا ماكحألا دامتعاو ض�ارعتس�ا اس�يأا لودلا ىلع ين���عتيو .
If [name of licensing authority] decides to cancel a licence, it shall serveه���فادهأاو لو���كوتوبرلا
notice of the cancellation of the licence on the holder of the licence.ةقلعتلما تامولعلما( 18 ةدا���لما عورس�مو ,)عبارلا ل���س�فلا( )ليطعتلا ت���قو م���س�ولا( 11 ةدا���لما
3. A notice under paragraph 2 of this article shall:)عورس�لما يرغ ليطعتلا( 38 ةدا���لما عورس�مو ,)ض�مالخا ل���س�فلا( )ة���لطعلما ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألاب
(a) State that the licence is cancelled;.
andيجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم )رس�ع يدالحا لس�فلا(
(b) State that [name of licensing authority] is satisfied that there are groundsنذإا نود يران حلس� ليطعت رظح -20 ةدالما[ :لم ام يران حلس� ليطعت ض�خس�ل زوجي ل
for the cancellation of the licence; and:ض�خس�لا كلذ نكي )أا(
(c) Set out those grounds; and؛نوناقلا اذه نم ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقفو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب هل اس�خرم
(d) State that the holder of the licence may make written submissions on the
proposal and that any written submissions made must be made within 28 days of1
the giving of the notice. Annex I. Additional considerations 103‘ اهتيرخذو اهتان
Commentaryّ
The Protocol does not stipulate that a system of licensing manufacturers must includeوكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 34
provisions allowing for the licence to be cancelled. However, an ability on the part of the؛]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد
licensing authority to cancel a licence before it expires is a necessary element of an effective licensing regime so as to ensure that if a person violates the conditions of the licenceُ
or, for example, is convicted of illicit manufacturing by virtue of failing to mark manufacturedي[ نم ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ليطعتب هل انوذأام وأا ’ 2 ‘ ليطعت ىلع/�ب ديدحتلا هجو ىلع ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ]ت���قفاو/تنذأا[ )ب( ].نوناقلا اذه نم 21 ةداملل اقفو يرانلا حلس�لا قيلعتلا نوذأامو ةس�اخ تاراهم يوذ ض�اخس�أا لبق نم ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ل���يطعت لو���كوتوبرلا طتر���س�ي ل ةينقتلا تاراهلما نم انيعم اردق ب���لطتي ةمئاد ةفس�ب يران حلس� ل���يطعت ّنأا ير���غ .ك���لذب م���هل حمس�ي لأا يغبني هنأا ةديلجا تاس�راملما نم دافتس�ي ,كلذ ىلع ءانبو .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةياردلاو .اهيعئابو ةحلس�ألا يعناس� لثم ,ينلهؤولما ض�اخس�ألل ىوس� لمعلا اذهب مايقلاب يران حلس� ليطعتب قبس�لما نذإلا -21 ةدالما[ ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ لىإا ا���بلط يران حل���س� ل���يطعت في ب���غري ض����خس� لك مد���قي -1 .يرانلا حلس�لا ليطعتب نذإا ىلع لوس�حلل ]ةس�تخلما :ةيلاتلا تامولعلما يران حلس� ليطعت بلط لمس�ي -2 ؛يرانلا حلس�لل هل ض�خرلما كلالما مس�ا )أا( ؛يرانلا حلس�لل هل ض�خرلما كلالما نكس� ناونع )ب( ؛يرانلا حلس�لا لطعيس� يذلا ض�خس�لا مس�ا )ج( عينس�تب هل ض�خرم يرا���نلا حلس�لا ل���طعيس� يذ���لا ض����خس�لا ّنأا ى���لع ل���يلدلا )د( ؛ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ليطعتب هل نوذأام وأا نوناقلا اذه نم ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقفو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا :كلذ في ابم ,ليطعتلا عوس�وم ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نع ةلس�فم تامولعم ) ه( ؛زارطلا ’ 1 ‘ ؛جذومنلا ’ 2 ‘ ؛رايعلا ’ 3 ‘ ؛عناس�لا مس�ا ’ 4 ‘ ؛لس�لس�لما مقرلا ’ 5 ‘ .تاملعلا عيمج ’ 6 ‘ خيرات نم مايأا/اموي ]...[ لل���خ ليطعتلا ب���لط عو���س�وم يرا���نلا حل���س�لا ل���طعي -3 ].يرانلا حلس�لا ليطعتب نذإا رادس�إا35 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا قيلعتلا نم نكل .يران حلس� ليطعت لبق ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا نم ةقبس�م ةقفاوم بلط لوكوتوبرلا يس�تقي ل ةحلس�ألا ليطعت ةيلمع راطإا في ,ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا نم قبس�م نذإا ى���لع لو���س�لحا طاتر���س�ا نأا���س� .ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا راس�م عبتت ىلع ةئيهلا ةدعاس�م ,ةيرانلا ليطعتلا ةقيرط -22 ةدالما[ :يران حلس�ل ليطعت لك :يرانلا حلس�لا نم ةيس�اس�ألا ءازجألا عيمج لعجي )أا( ؛ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ ’ 1 ‘ ليغس�ت ةداعإاب حمس�ي نأا هنأاس� نم وحن ىلع ليدعتلا وأا ليدبتلا وأا عز نلل ةلباق يرغ ’ 2 ‘ ؛يرانلا حلس�لا قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )أا( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما نم ةيس�اس�ألا ءازجألا ع���يمج لعج ّينعتي" هنأا لوكوتوبرلا اه ّ رقأا يتلا ة���ماعلا ئدا���بلما ين���ب ن���م ليدعتلا وأا ليدبتلا وأا عز نلل ةلباق يرغو ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ ل َّطعلما يرانلا حلس�لا بجيو ."قرطلا نم ةقيرط يأا���ب يرانلا حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإاب حمس�ي نأا ه���نأاس� ن���م و���حن ى���لع ض�ني ,لاونلما ض�فن ىلعو .أادبلما اذهب اهب ةس�الخا ليطعتلا يرياعم ءافو نمس�ت نأا لودلا ىلع نأاس�ب 91/477/EEC مقر يبوروألا ض�لجلما هيجوتل ل ِّدعلما 2008/51/EC ةيبوروألا ةعاملجا هيجوت تلع ُ ج يتلا" ءايس�ألا ل���مس�ت ل "ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا" ّنأا ى���لع ,اهتزايحو ة���حلس�ألا ءا���نتقا ة���بقارم ءازجألا عيمج لعج نمس�ي لكس�ب ,ليطعتلا قيرط نع مادختس�لل ة���مئاد ة���فس�ب ة���لحاس� ير���غ وأا ليدبتلا وأا عز نلل ةلباق يرغو ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ يرا���نلا حل���س�لا ن���م ة���يس�اس�ألا ."قرطلا نم ةقيرط يأاب يرانلا حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإاب حمس�ي نأا هنأاس� نم وحن ىلع ليدعتلا تاعيرس�تلا ناونع جرد ُ ي[ ]بجوبم/فرط نم[ ةددحلما ةينقتلا يرياعملل اقباطم )ب( ].]ةلس�لا تاذ ةينقتلا يرياعلما نمس�تت يتلا ةيوناثلا ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلما وأا حئاوللا وأا قيلعتلا ديدتح لودلا بجاو نم كلذلو .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ليطعتل ةينقتلا ير���ياعلما لو���كوتوبرلا دد���حي ل تافس�اولما كلت نألو .ة���عورس�م ةروس�ب يران حلس� ل���يطعت في ا���همادختس�ا ب���جاولا تا���ينقتلا عس�و بس�نألا نم نوكي دق ,ةيجولونكتلا تاروطتلا ةبكاولم ليدعتلاو يريغتلل ع���س�خت د���ق ة���ينقتلا .ةلس�فنم ةينقت ةيهيجوت ئدابم في وأا ةيعرفلا تاعيرس�تلا في اهليس�فت وأا اهب ةمئاق اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 36 ليطعتلا نم ققحتلا -23 ةدالما[ هنع يفتنت ل مث نمو[ نوناقلا اذه في ل ّطعم يران حلس� هنأا ىلع يران حلس� فَّنس�ي ل :لم ام ]يرانلا حلس�لا ةفس� ض�خس� وأا ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ هب موقت يرانلا حلس�لل يدام ض�يتفت رجي )أا( ؛]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا نم هل نوذأام رخآا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم هل ض�خرلما يرانلا حلس�لا كلام ةدئافل ]ليطعت[ ةداهس� ردس�ت )ب( :ةيلاتلا تامولعلما نمس�تت ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا 22 ةداملل اقفو ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ لع ُ ج يرانلا حلس�لا ّنأا ىلع ديكأات ’ 1 ‘ ؛نوناقلا اذه نم ؛يرانلا حلس�لل ]نيوناقلا/هل ض�خرلما[ كلالما مس�ا ’ 2 ‘ ؛يرانلا حلس�لل ]نيوناقلا/هل ض�خرلما[ كلالما نكس� ناونع ’ 3 ‘ :كلذ في ابم ,ليطعتلا عوس�وم يرانلا حلس�لا نع ةلس�فم تامولعم ’ 4 ‘ ؛زارطلا -أا ؛جذومنلا -ب ؛رايعلا -ج ؛عناس�لا مس�ا -د ؛لس�لس�لما مقرلا ؛تاملعلا عيمج -و ؛ليطعتلاب مئاقلا ض�خس�لا مس�ا ’ 5 ‘ ؛ليطعتلاب مئاقلا ض�خس�لا ناونع ’ 6 ‘ ؛ليطعتلا خيرات ’ 7 ‘ وأا ؛ليطعتلا ةقيرط نع ليس�افت ’ 8 ‘ ].نوناقلا اذه نم 11 ةداملل اقفو حوس�وب ةيئرم ةملعب يرانلا حلس�لا غمد تم )ج( قيلعتلا .لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج(و )ب( ناتيعرفلا ناترقفلا :ردس�لما نم ليطعتلا نم ققحتلل تابيترت ذاختا بوجو لوكوتوبرلا في ةس� ّ ركلما ةماعلا ئدا���بلما ين���ب ن���م .ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ يرانلا حلس�لا لعج نامس�ل ةس�تمخ ةئيه بناج37 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
weapons, permission to carry on manufacturing activities can be withdrawn.ةس�خرلا ميلس�ت -24 ةدالما[
Article 17. Right of appeal against a suspension or cancellationنم ]ليطعتلا[ ةداهس� مّ لس�ت نم ]مايأا ةعبس�[ نوس�غ في حلس�لل هل ض�خرلما كلالما مّ
An application to appeal against a suspension or cancellation may be made inلس�ي َةس�خرلا ,نوناقلا اذه ن���م 23 ةدالما نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ]ة���س�تخلما ة���ئيهلا م���س�ا جرد���
accordance with the applicable procedural rules of [name of State].ُ
4.  Surrender  and  disposal of propertyي[
Article 18.].
Surrender of firearms and documentationاهيرمدتو ةس�خرلا ءاغلإا ىلع لمعت يتلا ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
When a manufacturing licence expires [and is not renewed under annex I,ُ
article 11 (Renewal of a manufacturer’s licence)], is suspended under [annex I,ي[ �ل
article 15 (Suspension of a manufacturer’s licence)] or is cancelled under [annex I, article 16 (Cancellation of a manufacturer’s licence)], the licensee shall surrenderقيلعتلا
to [name of licensing authority]:كلذب لجس� ظفحو يرانلا حل���س�لا كلذ كلتما ةس�خر ءاغلإا ي���غبني ,يرا���ن حل���س� ل���
(a) All firearms and ammunition held by the licensee [at the premises identified on the licence];ِّطع اذإا
(b) The manufacturing licence;.
andءاغلإلا اهتيرخذو اهتان
(c) All records held by the licensee;ّ
within [seven] days of notification of the suspension or cancellation.وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 38
Commentaryاهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا دايرتص�ا -عباص�لا لص�فلا
If a person is required to surrender firearms and their manufacturing licence upon theاهروبعو اهريدص�تو اهتيرخذو
expiration, suspension or cancellation of that manufacturing licence, it may be necessaryقيلعتلا لا ّ عف اماظن د���هعتت وأا ئس�نت نأا لود���لا نم لو���كوتوبرلا ن���م 10 ةدا���لما ن���م 1 ةر���قفلا ي���س�تقت
to factor in distinct requirements with respect to the timing of the surrender of weapons.اهريدس�تو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ا ةبقارلم نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلل
and documentation that take account of the means by which notification of the suspension or cancellation was received.ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ليود���لا روبعلا نأا���س�ب يربادت ذختت نأا لود���لا ن���م لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي ا���مك
Article 19.ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت مد���ع ماظنلا اذه نمس�ي نأا بجيو .
Destruction and disposal of property surrenderedا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو
1. All firearms and ammunition surrendered by a licensee in accordance withىوتمح ةيافكو )10 ةدالما نم 4و 2 ناترقفلا( اهلقنب نذأا���ت لم اذإا ا���هنم ا���هروبع وأا ناد���لب لىإا
[annex I, article 18 (Surrender of firearms and documentation)] shall be:راتجلا ةيمرجب ماهتلا في هيلإا دانتس�لل ينعورس�لما ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لل ةمدختس�لما قئاثولا
(a) Destroyed in accordance with [specify the destruction method chosen byةلءاس�لما زيزعتل يربادت ذختت نأا اس�يأا لودلا ىلع بجيو .)10 ةدالما نم 3 ةرقفلا( عورس�لما يرغ
the State detailed in an annex or accompanying regulations];.
or 104 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition)10 ةدالما نم 5 ةرقفلا( ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لل اهمظن راطإا في نمألاو يربادتلا وأا ريدس�تلاو داير���تس�لا ض�يخرت ماظن لكس� ل���يس�فتلاب لو���كوتوبرلا د
(b) Otherwise disposed of in accordance with any directions of [name ofّد���حي لو
competent authority].ريدقتل يربك دح لىإا كوترم رمألا اذهف .اهذاختا ام ةلود ىلع ينعتي يتلا ليودلا روبعلاب ةقلعتلما طباوس�لا" ةنونعلما 20-03 ةدحولا في نأاس�لا اذهب ةيرايتخلا تاهيجوتلا نم ديزلما دري( لودلا ةبقارلم ةيلودلا يرياعلما نم "ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألل ليود���لا لقنلا ى���لع ة���ينطولا ,ةيمازلإلا لوكوتوبرلا ماكحأا عيملج تاعيرس�تلا لومس� نامس� لىإا ةفاس�إاو .ةير���غس�لا ة���حلس�ألا ةيميلقإا نودو ةيميلقإاو فارطألا ةددعتم تاقافتا ىس�تقبم ةمئاق تامازتلا لودلل نوكت نأا نكيم اهروبعو اهريدس�تو اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ا ىلع يرس�ت ىرخأا .)نياثلا قفرلما في ةدراولا ةلس�لا تاذ كوكس�لا لىإا ةراس�إلا نو ّ دوي تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس� ل���عل( ةمئاقلا اهتامازتلاو ا���هتاعيرس�ت ل ّ مكت يتلا يجذومنلا نو���ناقلا ماكحأا را���تخت نأا لود���لل ي���غبنيو تارابتعا( لوألا قفرلما في در���يو .ةلودلا هطترس�ت يذلا ةباقرلا ن���م ب���س�انلما ىو���تس�لما ض����كعتو .ةينطولا مهتاعيرس�ت في هجاردإا في رظنلا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل نكيم يفاس�إا حترقم ض�ن )ةيفاس�إا اهريدـــص�تو اهتيرخذو اـــهتانوكمو اـــهئازجأاو ةـــيرانلا ةحلـــص�ألا دايرتـــص�اب ]نذإلا[ ســـ�يخترلا اهروبعو اهريدس�تو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ا رظح -25 ةدالما ]نذإا[ ض�يخرت نودب اهروبعو ةحلس�أا يأا اهنم ر ّدس�ي وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا دروتس�ي نأا ض�خس� يأل زوجي ل -1 وأا دايرتس�لاب ض�يخترل ًةباتك قبس�لما مّ لس�تلا[ نود اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهءازجأا وأا/و ةيران .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نع نوناقلا اذهل اقفو رداس� ]بوتكم قبس�م ض�يخرت[ ]ريدس�تلا39 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ةيران ةحلس�أا يأا ًلماح ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ يس�ارأا برعي نأا ض�خس� يأل زوجي ل -2 نوناقلا اذهل اقفو رداس� اهنم روبعلاب ]نذإا[ ]ض�يخرت[ نود اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نع قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم )1( ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ةبقارم لفكت يربادت دامتعاب ي���س�قي يذلا يس�اس�ألا طرس�لا 10 ةدا���لما ن���م 1 ةر���قفلا ن���مس�تت لودلا نم يس�تقت يهو .روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لاب ةقلعتلما لقنلا تايلمع وأا تاقفس�لا .دايرتس�لاو ريدس�تلل نوذأا وأا ض�خر رادس�إل لاعف اماظن نوس�ت وأا ئس�نت نأا حيقنت لىإا رمألا جا���تحي دق ,ريدس�تلاو داير���تس�لا ةبقارلم م���ظن ل���عفلاب د���جوت ا���مثيحو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا يردس�مو يدروتس�لم ض�يخترلا ةرورس� جاردإل تاعيرس�تلا طترس�ي لو .لبق نم اهيلإا قرطتلا متي لم لوكوتوبرلل ةس�اخ تا���بلطتم يأا ة���يطغتلو ا���هتيرخذو روبعلا نأاس�ب "يربادت" ذاختا بجي هنأا يرغ .ديدحتلا هجو ىلع رو���بعلاب ض����يخترلا لو���كوتوبرلا )ب( 2 ةرقفلل اقفو ,روبعلا لود مايقو ,اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ليودلا رمألاو .روبعلا ىلع ض�اترعا اهيدل ض�يل هنأاب بوتكم راعس�إا هيجوتب ,لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم ةذختلما يربادتلاو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لاب ض�يخترلل بس�انلما ماظنلا راتختل لودلا ريدقتل كوترم ةلود راتخت امثيح عوس�ولماب ةلس� لوكوتوبرلا نم 25 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفللو .ليودلا روبعلا نأاس�ب .روبعلا ةطس�نأاب ض�يخترلا ام ةينطولا ينناوقلا عم " ً اريدس�ت"و " ً ادايرتس�ا" لّكس�ي ام قس�ّتي نأا ,ة���ماع ة���فس�ب ,ي���غبنيو .ةمئاقلا ةيلودلا يرياعلماو يفت يكلو .10 ةدالما نم 2و 1 ينترقفلل اقبط ض�يخرت ةئيه دوجو لوكوتوبرلا ض�ترفيو ريدس�تلل نوذأا وأا ض�خر رادس�إل لاعف اماظن نوس�ت وأا ئس�نت نأاب يس�قي يذلا طرس�لاب لودلا ,لوكوتوبرلا في ا���حيرس� ض�يل طرس�لا اذ���ه نأا م���غر ,)10 ةدا���لما ن���م 1 ةر���قفلا( داير���تس�لاو ةيعيرس�ت يربادت دامتعا مزللا نم نوكيس� ,10 ةدا���لما في ةدراولا ىر���خألا تا���يس�تقلماب ك���لذكو رظنلل ةمزللا ةيحلس�لا ينلوؤوس�لما ينفظولما ليوخت نامس�ل )لعفلاب ةدوجوم نكت لم امثيح( امإا كلذ متي نأا نكيمو .ا���هرادس�إا ض�فر وأا روبعلاو ر���يدس�تلاو داير���تس�لا ض����خر راد���س�إا في 100 ةرقفلا رظنا( ينيلالحا ينفظولما ماهم عيس�وتل تاعيرس�تلا ليدعتب وأا ةديدج بتاكم ءاس�نإاب .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم اهتيحلس� نم دكأاتلما وأا اهنم ققحتلما قئاثولا -26 ةدالما ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل زو���جي ,روبع وأا ر���يدس�ت وأا داير���تس�ا ]نذإا[ ة���س�خر راد���س�إا ل���بق ةمدقلما قئاثولا نم لس�ألا قبط وأا ةيلس�أا خس�ن يمدقت بلطلا مدقم ىلع طترس�ت نأا ]ض�يخترلا .بلطلا معدل اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 40 قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 5 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ض�يخترلا تاءارجإا نوكت نأا نامس� ,ةحاتلما دراولما دودح في ,لودلا ن���م لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي ددحي لو .اهنم ققحتلل ة���لباق نذإلا وأا ض����يخترلا ق���ئاثو ة���يتوبث نو���كت نأاو ,ة���نومأام نذإلا وأا اذهب ءافولل لودلا مامأا احورطم ارايخ هرابتعاب مكلحا اذه حترق ُ يو .يربادتلا هذه لوكوتوبرلا .يمازلإلا طرس�لا ريدس�تلاب ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا تابلط -27 ةدالما اهئازجأا وأا/و ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���يدس�تل ]ا���نذإا[ ة���س�خر ب���لطلا مد���قم ب���لطي -1 .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا نيددحلما ةقيرطلاو لكس�لل اقفو اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو :نود ريدس�تلاب ةس�خر يأا حنم زوجي ل -2 رادس�إلا دلب ]نذإلا[ ةس�خرلا ينبت نأا بجيو .ريدس�تلا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر نم ةخس�ن )أا( ةحلس�ألل افس�وو ,يئاهنلا ملتس�لماو ,ض�يخترلا ةئيه ةيهامو ,ةيحلس�لا ءاس�قنا خيراتو هخيراتو ابلط نأا ينبت يتلا قئاثولا نم ةخس�ن وأا ؛اهتيمكو اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ,مدقُتس� وأا تمدُق دق دايرتس�ا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل .)لالحا ىس�تقا اذإا( دلبلا لىإا روبعلا ]نوذأا[ ض�خر نم خس�ن )ب( قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 3و )ب(و )أا( 2 تارقفلا :ردس�لما اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���يدس�تل ض����خر وأا نوذأا راد���س�إا لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي تردس�أا دق نوكت نأا ةدروتس�لما لودلا ىلع بجي ,ريدس�ت ةس�خر وأا نذإا رادس�إا لبقو .اهتيرخذو ,نحس�لا لبق ,ابوتكم اراعس�إا تهجو دق نوكت نأا رو���بع لود يأا ى���لعو داير���تس�ا ض����خر وأا نوذأا .روبعلا ىلع ض�اترعا اهيدل ض�يل هنأاب لبق نوذأاب اس�عب اهس�عب لود���لا فياوت نأاب يس�قي ايلدابت ا���ماظن ماك���حألا هذ���ه ثد��� ُتحو ةردق ززعي امم ,هبرع رورلما وأا هيلإا لوس�ولا وأا اهميلقإا ةرداغبم ةيران ةحلس�أا تانحس�ل حامس�لا دقو .بيرس�تلاو ةقرس�لا عنلم عورس�م وحن ىلع تانحس�لا ةكرح عبتت ىلع نو���ناقلا ذا���فنإا ةز���هجأا نوذألا ىلع لو���س�لحا نع ةيلوؤوس�لما ت���ناك اذإا ام ريرقت ر���مأا ةذ���فنلما فار���طألا لود���لل كر��� ُت مأا ر ّدس�لما اهيف دجوي يتلا ة���لودلا قتاع ىلع عقت روبعلا لودو ةدرو���تس�لما ة���لودلا ن���م ة���مزللا دروتس�لما نم نذإلا ىلع ر ّدس�لما لس�حي نأا ىنعبم ,اعم يننثإلا ق���تاع ى���لع ع���قتس� ة���يلوؤوس�لما نأا41 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ىلع هيدل ض�اترعا ّلأا نم دكأاتلل رو���بعلا دلبب ةر ّدس�لما ةلودلا لس�تتو )درو���تس�لما ق���يرط ن���ع( نم مكلحا اذه في لوؤوس�م ر ّدس�لما دعيو .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 102 ةر���قفلا ر���ظنا( ة���قفس�لا .ةبولطلما نوذألا ىلع لوس�لحا نع يجذومنلا نوناقلا بلط تقو روبعلاب نذإلا يمد���قت ىلع ً ارداق ر ّدس�لما نو���كي ل د���ق ,ة���يلمعلا ة���س�راملما فيو وأا نذإا نم ةخس�ن يمدقت ىلع ً اردا���ق ر ّدس�لما نوكي ل دق امك .ر���يدس�ت ة���س�خر ى���لع لو���س�لحا ةقفس�لا ماربإا )ب( وأا ؛ب���لطلا يمدقت ت���قو امهرفاوت مد���ع )أا( :ب���بس�ب داير���تس�لا ة���س�خر ةينعلما عئاس�بلا تناك اذإا داير���تس�لاب انذإا وأا ةس�خر اهس�فن يه رد���س�ت ل ة���موكح ع���م ة���ينعلما نكيم ,لوكوتوبرلا في دراولا يمازلإلا مكلحا اذهل كلذ عم لاثتمللو .ض�الخا اهلامعتس�ل ةدعم في "ةطورس�لما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر" مكحب قلعتلما حتر���قلما ض�نلا في ر���ظنلا تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل .)53 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما تامولعلما يمدقت في لثمتلما يس�اس�ألا مازتللاب ءافولا تابلطلا يمدقت ةيلمع نم ض�رغلاو نذإا وأا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط ةرامتس�ا رادس�إا ةقيرطو لكس� امأا .تاقفس�لا لوح ةمزللا نأاس�ب رارق ذاختا رمأا لودلل دوعي امك .ريدقتلل كوترم رمأاف اهيلع ةبولطلما تامولعلماو ريدس�تلا يمدقت تاءارجإا ىوتحلمو .ي���ميظنتلا وأا يعيرس�تلا اهراطإل ةمزللا ل���يس�فتلا ة���جردو ىو���تمح نذإلا قئاثو خس�نو )ءاس�تقلا بس�ح( روبعلا نذإاب قلعتي اميف ادع ام يرا���يتخا ع���باط تا���بلطلا تاعيرس�تلا ىوتمح نأاس�ب تاحترقم )51 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما في درتو .دايرتس�لاب ض�يخترلا وأا .تابلطلا يمدقت تاءارجإا ليس�افت نمس�تت يتلا ةقفرلما حئاوللا وأا دايرتس�لا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر تابلط -28 ةدالما اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ل ]انذإا[ ةس�خر بلطلا مدقم بلطي .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا نيددحلما ةقيرطلاو لكس�لل اقفو اهتيرخذ وأا/و قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 3 لىإا 1 نم تارقفلا :ردس�لما اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا داير���تس�ا نوذأا وأا ض����خر راد���س�إا لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي 10 ةدالما ض�نت ,دايرتس�لا ض�خي اميفو .ةلس�لا تاذ ريدس�تلا ةس�خر رادس�إا لبق اهتيرخذو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لل لاعف ماظن ءاس�نإا لىإا ماع لكس�ب ةراس�إلا ن���ع ل���س�ف—لوكوتوبرلا ن���م
2. Where surrendered firearms are disposed of in accordance with paragraph 1 (b) of this article:ريدس�ت ةس�خر وأا نذإا رادس�إا ددس�ب يتلا لودلا ىلع ينعتي هنأا ىلع— )1 ةرقفلا( روبعلاو
(a) The surrendered firearms shall be marked with an identification mark inةرامتس�ا رادس�إا ةقيرطو لكس�
accordance with [article 10 of the Model Law];ّنأا يرغ .)2 ةرقفلا( ردس� دق دايرتس�لاب انذإا
(b) A written record of the methods of disposal used to dispose of thoseّنأا نم ققحتت نأا
surrendered firearms shall be maintained by [name of competent authority] inذاختا رمأا لودلل دوعيو .ةددمح تس�يل اهيلع ةبولطلما تامولعلماو دايرتس�لا نذإا وأا ةس�خر بلط
accordance with [article 15 of the Model Law].قفرلما في درتو .يميظنتلا وأا يعيرس�تلا اهراطإل ةمزللا ليس�فتلا ةجردو ىو���تمح نأا���س�ب رار���ق
3.ليس�افت نمس�تت يتلا ةقفارلما ةمظنألا وأا تاعيرس�تلا ىوتمح نأاس�ب تاحترقم ,)52 ةدالما( لوألا .
Where surrendered ammunition is disposed of in accordance with paragraph 1 (b) of this article, a written record of the methods of disposal used toتابلطلا يمدقت تاءارجإا اهتيرخذو اهتان
dispose of that surrendered ammunition shall be maintained by the [name ofّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 42
competent authority] in accordance with [article 16 of the Model Law].دايرتس�لا وأا ريدس�تلا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ليس�افت -29 ةدالما
B. Marking]ض�يخترلا ةئيه م���س�ا جرد
Commentaryُ
This section is divided into three sections:ي[ اهردس�ت داير���تس�او ر���يدس�ت ة���س�خر لك ن���مس�تت -1
(a) Section 1 relates to the marking of firearms and contains text designed to:ىندأا دحك ةيلاتلا تامولعلما ,ةقفرلما قئاثولاو ؛ةس�خرلا رادس�إا خيراتو ناكم )أا(
supplement the Model Law text addressing the mandatory requirements (although this؛ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ءاهتنا خيرات )ب( ؛ريدس�تلا دلبو دايرتس�لا دلب )ج(
is not required under the Protocol);؛يئاهنلا لمعتس�لما وأا يئاهنلا هيلإا لس�رلما ناونعو مس�ا )د(
(b) Section 2 relates to the marking of parts and components, to assist Statesبجوبم اهلقن دارلما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةيمكو فس�و ) ه(
that wish to establish a system for marking parts and components before they becomeماقرألا :بس�انم وأا بو���لطم وه ام ب���س�ح ةيلاتلا تا���مولعلما جرد���ت[ ك���لذ في ا���بم ,ض����يخترلا
part of assembled firearms (although this is not required under the Protocol);عونو ةوقلاو ةعرس�لاو رايعلاو تاقلطلا ددعو رثألاو ليامجإلا لوطلاو ةرو���س�الما لو���طو ة���لس�لس�لما
(c) Section 3 relates to the marking of ammunition, to assist States that mark؛]فانس�ألا ةميقو ةقلطلا .روبع نادلب كانه تناك اذإا روبعلا نادلب )و(
ammunition to establish a system for marking ammunition packaging (although this isلىإا دايرتس�لا ةس�خر في ةدراو���لا تامولعلما ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه م���س�ا جرد���
not required under the Protocol).ُ
1.  Marking  of firearmsي[ م ّد���قت -2
(a)  Initial markings.نحس�لا لبق روبعلا نادلب عيمج
Article 20.قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .
Marking at the time of testing (proof marking)لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 3 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
1. Every person that manufactures a firearm shall ensure that every firearmدرت نأا بجي يتلاو لو���كوتوبرلا اهيس�تقي يتلا ةيمازلإلا تا���مولعلما نم ى���ندألا د���لحا و���ه اذ���ه
manufactured in [name of State] is:ءاس�نإا ام ةلود راتخت امثيحو ,كلذ لىإا ةفاس�إلابو .هب ةقفرلما ق���ئاثولاو ض����يخترلا في ا���هعيمج
(a) Proofed by [name of the accredited proof house]; and,لوكوتوبرلا نم 15 ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةر���قفلاب لمع ,ةرس�امس�لا ةطس�نأل ي���باقر م���يظنت ما���ظن
(b) Marked with a proof mark in accordance with [title of relevant law, regulations or specifications on proof marks];Annex I.تادنتس�لما وأا ,ر���يدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا نوذأا وأا ض����خر حس�فت نأا ُطاتر���س�ا ة���لودلا ك���لتل ن���كيم .
Additional considerations 105ةقفس�لا في ينلومس�لما ةرس�امس�لا نكامأاو ءامس�أا نع ,اهل ةبحاس�لما
[before it is sold or delivered to the purchaser] [within ... days after the manufactureلودلل زوجي ,لوكوتوبرلا هطترس�ي يذلا تامولعلما نم ىندألا د���لحا اذ���ه لىإا ة���فاس�إلابو
of the firearm is complete].كتري ةحترقم ماكحأا هذهو .ةيفاس�إا تا���مولعم ةس�خرلا نمس�تت نأا
2. Every person that imports a firearm shall ensure that every firearm importedُطاتر���س�ا ا���س�يأا ءا���س�عألا
into [name of State] is:وأا ةس�خر اهنمس�تت يتلا ليس�فتلا ةجرد نأاس�ب رارق ذاختا ر���مأا فارطألا لود���لا ر���يدقتل ا���هيف
(a) Proofed by [name of the accredited proof house];ةيفاس�إلا تامولعلما ىلع ةلثمألا نمف .
andلوكوتوبرلا اهطترس�ي ل يتلاو ريدس�تلا/دايرتس�لا نذإا
(b) Marked with a proof mark in accordance with [title of relevant law, regulations or specifications on proof marks];:ام ةلود اهطترس�ت دق يتلا اهليجس�ت نع ليس�افتو ةقفس�لاب ةينعلما ىرخألا تاهلجا عيمجو بلطلا مدقم ناونعو مس�ا
[before it is sold or delivered to the purchaser] [within ... days after the firearm is؛اهنذإا وأا
imported].؛ةس�خرلا ىلع ةس�ورفم طورس� يأا
Commentaryوأا لوخدلا طاقنو نحس�لا ةداعإاو روبعلا نادلب كلذ في ابم ,لقنلا يرس� طخ نع ليس�افت
There is no requirement under the Protocol that firearms be marked at the time of testing..
However, States parties that are members of the Permanent International Commission)لالحا ىس�تقم بس�ح وأا تدجُ
for Firearms Testing or (CIP)و اذإا( جورلخا43 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
2ميلس�تلا نم ققحتلا -30 ةدالما
are required to proof mark every successfully tested civilianيمدقت ]ةدروتس�لما ةلودلا[ ]ر ّدس�لما[ نم بلطت نأا ]ض����يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد���
firearm prior to putting it on the market. Member countries should already have legislationُ ي[ �ل زو���جي /و اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نم ةلس�رلما ةنحس�لا ملتس�اب دايرتس�لا دلب نم رارقإا
in place that makes it compulsory to perform the tests according to the methods, limits.اهتيرخذ وأا قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 4 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
and procedures established by the United Nations Convention against Trans nationalنم ةلس�رلما ةنحس�لا ملتس�ا نم ققحتلا بلط ةيحلس� ةردس�لما ة���لودلل لو���كوتوبرلا ل
Organized Crime. These tests are carried out by accredited proof houses.ِّ
(b)  Additional markingsو���خي
Article 21.نأا ام ةلودل نكيمو .
Marking at the time of acquisition by the State (assignment marking)ةدرو���تس�لما ةلودلا نم اهتيرخذ وأا ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
Every public agency shall ensure that, in addition to the markings requiredفي قلحاب ظافتحلا وأا ةيدايتعا ةس�رامم هرابتعاب ميلس�تلا نم ققحتلا ةداهس� رادس�إا طترس�ت
under articles 7, 8, 9, [10 and 11] of this Law, every firearm acquired by it [forً اطرس� هفس�وب كلذ ض�رف ةلالحا هذه في نكيمو ,ةددمح تارداس� ميلس�ت تايلمع نم ققحتلا
use in the execution of its public functions] is marked in such a way as to identifyهفس�وب مازتللا اذ���هب امومع ر ّدس�لما يفيو .ة���ينعلما ريدس�تلا ة���س�خر ض����خي ا���ميف ة���س�خرلل
the agency.نم بلطي دق هنأا م���غر ,ةلس�رلما فانس�ألا م���يلس�ت ىلع ليلد يمدقت ه���يلع ين���عتي يذ���لا نا���يكلا
Commentaryةيلس�ألا قئاثولا يمدقت لودلا طترس�ت دقف .ميلس�تلا ىلع ليلدلا مدقت نأا اس�يأا ةدروتس�لما ةلودلا
Source: The International Tracing Instrument (paragraph 8 (d)) requires States “to ensure)62 ةدالما( لوألا قفرلما لىإا عوجرلا تاعيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل نكيمو .اهنم ل���س�ألا ق���بط خ���س�ن وأا
that small arms and light weapons in the possession of the government armed and.مكلحا اذه ليمكتل فياس�إا ض�ن جاردإل اهتيرخذو اهتان
security forces for their own use ... are duly marked”. The OSCE “Best practice guideّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 44
on marking, record-keeping and traceability of small arms and light weapons”ةتقؤولما ماكحألاو ةيئانلجا ماكحألا -ءاب مص�قلا
3قيلعتلا اهيمرتج مزللا لاعفألا قلعتت يتلاو اهيمرتج مزللا لاعفألا نم ةعوممج ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب نم 5 ةدالما ددتح لس�ف ,عورس�م يرغ وحن ىلع اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب ثلث يمرجتب لوكوتوبرلا يس�قيو .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا قوف ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملعب ث���بعلا ن���ع :يهو ةيس�يئرلا مئارلجا نم تائف :عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا )أا( ؛اهمس�و نود ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل بيكرت وأا عنس� يأا ’ 1 ‘ ىلع اهب رجّتم( ةعورس�م ير���غ تانوكمو ءازجأا ماد���ختس�اب ب���يكرت وأا ع���نس� يأا ’ 2 ‘ ؛)عورس�م يرغ وحن ؛نيوناق نذإا وأا حيرس�ت نودب بيكرت وأا عنس� يأا ’ 3 ‘ :عورس�لما يرغ راتجلا )ب( ؛نيوناق نذإا نود دودلحا برع لقن يأا ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةموس�وم ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نكت لم اذإا دودلحا برع لقن يأا ’ 2 ‘ .ىرخألا مس�ولا تاملعل ةلس�لس�لما ماقرألا ريوتح وأا ةلازإا )ج( ةطس�نألا نم ةعوممج م ِّ رتج يتلا ,لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدا���لما ن���م )ج( 1 ةر���قفلا في در���تو ف ُّ رعتلا هعم ر َّذعتي ابم ,ةحيحس� يرغ وأا ةءورقم يرغ يرانلا حلس�لا ىلع مس�ولا تاملع لعتج تاملع مادختس�اب تئس�نأا ي���تلا تلجس�لا لىإا عوجرلاب هرثأا ءا���فتقا وأا يرا���ن حل���س� لك ى���لع يئانلجا نوناقلا مظنل اقفو ماكحألا هذه اوعس�ي نأا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل يغبنيو .ةيلس�ألا مس�ولا تاطلس�لا نم اهيرغو ة���يلحلما مكاحلما يرس�فتو ةيمرج لك ىو���تمح لا���متكل ا���نامس� ,ة���يلخادلا .لوكوتوبرلا عم قس�تي ايرس�فت ةلمعتس�لما ةغيس�لل ةس�تخلما ايرايتخا ةم ّ رجلما لاعفألا نأاس�ب تاحترقم )72 لىإا 64 نم داولما( لوألا قفرلما في درتو .ةيلخادلا اهتاعيرس�ت في اهجاردإا في رظنلا اس�يأا لودلل نكيم يتلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب لس�تي اميف "ةمظنلما ةيمارجإلا ةعاملجا"و "دودحلل رباعلا عباطلا" جاردإا مدع ةيلخادلا مئارلجا في ممألا ةيقافتاب ً انترقم لوكوتوبرلا ر َّ س�في نأا ىلع ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوكوتورب نم 1 ةدالما ض�نت هقيبطت قاطن لوكوتوبرلا نم 4 ةدالما رس�تحو .ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ىلعو ,ةم َّظنم ةيمارجإا ة���عامج اهيف طروتت يتلاو ةينطولا دود���حلل ةر���باعلا م���ئارلجا ع���نم في .كلذل ً افلخ هيلع ّ ض�َن ُ ي ام ءانثتس�اب ,اهيبكترم ةقحلمو اهنأاس�ب قيقحتلاو ي ّ رحتلا45 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا برع عباطلا نوينطولا نوع ِّ رس�لما جرد ُ ي لأا ,يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا حس�وي امك ,يغبني هنأا يرغ في ةجردلما اهيمرتج مزللا ةددحلما لاعفألا فيرعت في ةم ّظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج عولس�و ينطولا ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا ض�نت نأا ناطترس�ي لوكوتوبرلاو ةيقافتلا نأا مغرو .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما ةينطولا ينناوقلا ر���س�تقت نأا ينعي ل اذهف ,ين���عم ردقب ةينطولا دود���حلل ر���باعلا ع���باطلا ى���لع ديعس�لا ىلع ينماعلا ينعدلما مازلإا مدع يغبنيو ,طرس�لا اذه ىلع ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألاب ة���قلعتلما امهرابتعاب ةمظنم ةيمارجإا ة���عامج عولس� وأا ةينطولا دودحلل رباعلا ع���باطلا تا���بثإاب ي���نطولا ةرقفلا رظنا ,ليس�افتلا نم ديزملل( نوناقلا في ةدراولا مئارلجا ن���م يأا ى���لع ة���نادإلل ً ا���طرس� رظنلا فرس�ب لوكوتوبرلل اقفو ةر َّ رقلما مئارلجا قبطنت نأا يغبنيو .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 21 ناك اذإا ا ّ معو ةمظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج في نو���كراس�م دارفأا وأا دار���فأا ا���هبكترا د���ق ناك اذإا ا���مع .ل مأا كلذ تابثإا نكيم يئانلجا دس�قلا ل ِّكس�ي ل يذلا كولس�لا َيمرتج لوكوتوبرلاو ةيقافتلا في ةدراولا يمرجتلا تايس�تقم لك بجوتس�ت حمس�ت ةيقافتلا نم 34 ةدالما ن���م 3 ةرقفلا َّنأا لإا . ً اد��� َّ معتم كو���لس�لا ك���لذ ناك اذإا لإا ة���يمرج .ةيقافتلا في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما يربادتلا نم "ةدس� وأا ةمارس� ثركأا" يربادت ذاختاب ةحارس� لودلل نوناقلا اذه كتري ,ةينطولا مكاحلما في هفيرعتو يئانلجا دس�قلا تاجرد توافت لىإا رظنلابو دس�قلا ىوتس�م ديدتحو جاردإا ةيناكمإا نأاس�ب تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس� مامأا احوتفم لاجلما يجذومنلا نأا ينغئاس�لل يغبنيو .ةينطولا مهتس�راممو نيوناقلا مهماظنل اقفو ةدام لكل ةبس�نلاب بولطلما لو يئانج مرج لك ل ِّكس�ي يذ���لا لعفلا وأا كو���لس�لا لىإا َّلإا ير���س�ي ل ة���ينلا ر���س�نع نأا او���ظحلي ض�اخس�ألا اهيف ناك ابمر يتلا تلالحا في اس�وس�خ ,ةيلوؤوس�لما نم ءافعإلل اطرس� هرابتعا يغبني .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم )د( 174 ةرقفلا رظنا( مرلجا ئس�ني نوناق دوجوب ملع يرغ ىلع تاءازلجا يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا في در���ي امك ,لوكوتوبرلا في مئارلجاب ةقلعتلما ماك���حألا ن���م م���كح لك ض����ني ام أادبلما اذه قبطنيو .يئانلجا نوناقلا في ةينعلما لاعفألا يمرتج بوجو ىلع ,)173 ةرقفلا( . ً ايرادإا وأا ً ايندم وأا ً ايئانج مرلجا رابتعا زوجي ةلالحا هذه يفف , ً ايرابتعا ً اس�خس� مهتلما نكي لم نأا ىلع ,اهيدل ةمئاقلا ةينطولا تاءازلجا مظن بس�ح بس�انلما ءازلجا ديدتح رمأا لودلل دوعيو مئارلجا كلت ةروطخ يلخادلا نوناقلا في مئارلجا ىلع تاءازج نم اينطو دمتع ُ ي ام في ى َ عاري .)ةيقافتلا نم 11 ةدالما نم 1 ةرقفلا( مئارلجاو تاءازلجا ينب بس�انتلاو نوناقلا بجوبم "ةيرطلخا" مئارلجا ك���لذ في ابم ,مئارلجا ى���لع ة���س�ورفلما تا���بوقعلاو زواجتت لأا بجي تابوقعلا نأا مغر ينينطولا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس� ريدقتل كوتر���م ر���مأا ,ي���لخادلا هذه ىلع ةيقافتلا قيبطت ىنس�تيل تاونس� عبرأا نع لقي ل ةيرلحا نم نامرلحا نم ىس�قأا ا ّدح ينيرابتعلا ض�اخس�ألاو ينيعيبطلا ض�اخس�ألا ىلع قبطني ثيح ,ماع طر���س�لا اذ���هو .م���ئارلجا في ةف َّفخلما وأا ةد َّ د���س�لما فورظلل ماعلا ماظنلا ق���بطني دق ,كلذ نع ل���س�فو .ءاو���س� د���ح ى���لع ارظنو .يجذومنلا نو���ناقلا في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما م���ئارلجا ىلع ام ة���لودل ة���ينطولا تا���عيرس�تلا كتري ,ةينطولا مكاحلما في اهب لومعلما تاءازلجاب ةقلعتلما تا���س�راملما نم ة���عونتلما ة���عومجملل ةس�رامملل اقفو ,ءازلجا نم ينبس�انلما ىوتس�لماو لكس�لا ريرقت ةلأاس�م ةلودلل يجذومنلا نوناقلا .ةعبتلما ةينطولا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 46 ينيرابتعلا ض�اخس�ألا ةيلوؤوس�م ,ةيرابتعلا تا���ئيهلا نأاس�ب ةيفاس�إا ماك���حأا ىلع ةيقافتلا نم 10 ةدا���لما ن���م 4 ةر���قفلا ض����نت "ةيرطلخا" مئارلجا ة���يلوؤوس�م نولمحي ن���يذلا نويرابتعلا ض����اخس�ألا ض���� ّ رعتي نأا���ب ي���س�قتو كلذ في ابم ,ةعدارو ة���بس�انتمو ةلا ّ عف )ة���يرادإا وأا ة���يندم( ة���يئانج ير���غ وأا ة���يئانج تاءاز���لج
(chapter III,ةكراس�لما نم نامرلحاو
section 2 (b), page 6) also suggests that States wishing to improve the traceability ofّللحا ,لاثلما ليبس� ىلع ,لمس�ت نأا تاءازجلل نكيمو .ةيدقنلا تاءازلجا
their weapons may consider adopting appropriate markings to further distinguish these.تادوجولما ديمتج وأا رارقلا رس�نو يمومعلا ءاترس�لا في ةيقافتلا في ةدراولا ةيئانلجا ماكحألاو ةيئانلجا مئارلجا
weapons according to their use.عم ,لوكوتوبرلا ىلع ةيقافتلا ماكحأا قبطنتو .
Drafters may choose to include this in administrativeمألا ةيقافتلاب
guidelines or provisions rather than in national legislation.ً
2انترقم لوكوتوبرلا أارق
There are currently 14 members: Austria, Belgium, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France,ُ ي نأا بجي لاعفألا برتعتو ,)لوكوتوبرلا نم 1 ةدالما نم 3و 2 ناترقفلا( تايريغت نم لا���لحا ه���يس�تقت ا���م
Germany, Hungary, Italy, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, United Arab Emirates and United Kingdomمرتج نأا بجي لودلا
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.َّنأا ينعي اذهو .ةيقافتلل اقفو ة���م
3َّ
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Handbook of Best Practices ..., part II.106 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionرمج لاعفأا لو���كوتوبرلل ا���قفو ة���م
(c)  Method of markingّ
Article 22. Method of marking firearmsرجلما
All firearms marked under this chapter shall be marked [by permanently stamping or engraving the marking on the firearm’s frame or receiver] in accordance with5 ةدالما( ةمظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج في ةكراس�لما نأاس�ب ةيقافتلا في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما مئارلجا اس�يأا )ةيقافتلا نم 8 ةدالما( داس�فلاو )ةيقافتلا نم 6 ةدالما( مئارلجا تادئاع لس�غو )ةيقافتلا نم
the technical specifications provided in [name of accompanying regulations to theةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما مئارلجا ى���لع اهقبطت نأاو )ةيقافتلا نم 23 ةدا���لما( ة���لادعلا ير���س� ة���لقرعو
Law or guidelines containing marking specifications].قلعتي اميف رابتعلا ينعب يربادتلا نم ددع عس�وب لودلا موقت نأا ا���س�يأا اذ���ه ي���س�تقيو .ة���يرانلا
Commentaryىلع ,لمس�تو ةيقافتلا نم 11 ةدالما في در���ت يهو .لوكوتوبرلا في ا���هيلع ض����وس�نلما م���ئارلجاب
The Protocol does not specify the method of marking that must be used (other thanطورس�لاو لوكوتوبرلا في ةدراولا مئارلجاب ينمهتلما ض�اخس�ألا نع جارفإلا طورس� ,لاثلما ليبس�
indicating that deactivation markings should be “stamped” on deactivated firearms (article 9, subparagraph (c), of the Protocol))..
States should establish regulations or guidelines)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 173 ةرقفلا ر���ظنا( مداقتلا ةدمو ركبلما وأا طور���س�لما جار���فإلل ة���ماعلا ض�رغب اديدتح ةروكذم تس�يل كلذب يهو ةيقافتلا تايس�تقم نم اءزج تامازتللا هذه ل ِّكس�تو
that specify the technical requirements for marking firearms and, where applicable, their.ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل نوناق في اهجاردإا ))أا( 1 ةرقفلا( ةمظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج في ةكراس�لما ةلود لك م
parts and components and ammunition. Further optional guidance on possible methodsِّ رتج نأا 5 ةدالما يس�قتو فارس�إلا وأا ,ةمظنم ةيمارجإا ةعامج اهيف ةعلاس� نوكت ةيرطخ ةيمرج باكترا ميظنت مرتجو
of marking is provided in the forthcoming UNODC technical guide to the implementationيس�قت امك .))ب(1 ةرقفلا( هنأاس�ب ةروس�لما ءادس�إا وأا هيرس�يت وأا هيلع ض�يرحتلا وأا ةدعاس�لما وأا
of the Firearms Protocol, as well as the International Small Arms Control Standards,ةيمرج لك ةيلس�ألا مئارلجا دادع في ةلودلا جردت نأاب ةيقافتلا نم 6 ةدالما نم )ب( 2 ةرقفلا
module 05.30, “Marking and record-keeping”, and in the Nairobi and SADC Protocols.نامرلحاب اهيلع بقاع
2.  Marking  of parts and  componentsُ
(a)  Initial markingsي يتلا ةيمرلجا( ةيقافتلا نم 2 ةدالما في دراولا فيرعتلا بس�ح ةيرطخ ةعامج في ةكراس�لما يمرجتب ةقلعتلما مئارلجاو )تاونس� عبرأا نع لقت ل ةدلم ةيرلحا نم ماتلا نوكت دقو .)23 ةدالما( ةلادعلا يرس� ةلقرعو )8 ةدالما( دا���س�فلاو )5 ةدا���لما( ة���مظنم ة���يمارجإا ,لوكوتوبرلا في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما مئارلجا في ة���مكاحلماو قيقحتلاب ةلس�لا ة���قيثو ماك���حألا هذ���ه يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذ���ه حترقي لو .اهيف ةعلاس� ة���مظنم ةيمارجإا ة���عامج نو���كت ت���ناك ا���مثيح .اهل ةيجذونم اماكحأا ةلدابتلما ةينوناقلا ةدعاس�لما ةدعاس�لما نم نكمم ردق بركأا ,ض�عبل اهس�عب ,لودلا م ِّدقت نأاب ةيقافتلا نم 18 ةدالما يس�تقت مئارلجاب لس�تي ا���ميف ةيئاس�قلا تاءار���جإلاو تا���قحللماو تا���قيقحتلا في ة���لدابتلما ة���ينوناقلا ةقلعتلما ماكحألا نم ةل َّ س�فم ةعوممج 18 ةدالما ن َّ مس�تتو .لوكوتوبرلاو ةيقافتلا هذهب ةلومس�لما ةيلخادلا تاس�راملماو تاعيرس�تلا في ا���هجاردإا لودلل يغبني يتلا ة���لدابتلما ة���ينوناقلا ةد���عاس�لماب47 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ةيمرلجا ةحفاكلم ةدحتلما ممألا ةيقافتا ذيفنتل يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 499-450 تارقفلا رظنا( )1( .)ةينطولا برع ةمظنلما تاقحللماو تاقيقحتلا ,لثم ,ةلس�لا تاذ ماكحألا لمس�تو ةيقافتلا في تاقحللماو تاقيقحتلاب ة���قلعتلما ل���ئاس�لما در���ت نواعتو )20 ةدالما( ةس�الخا يرحتلا بيلاس�أاو )19 ةدالما( ةكترس�لما تاقيقحتلاب اهنم ةقلعتلما لومس�م مرجب ةقلعتلما ةقحللما وأا قيقحتلا تايلمع في ً ايربك ً انوع م ِّدقي يذلا مهتلما ض�خس�لا .)27 ةدالما( نوناقلا ذافنإا لامج في نواعتلاو )26 ةدالما نم 3و 2 نا���ترقفلا( ة���يقافتلا هذ���هب يرفوتل اهتايناكمإا دودح في "ةمئلم" يربادت لودلا ذختت نأا ة���يقافتلا ن���م 24 ةدا���لما ي���س�تقتو يقيثولا ض�اخس�ألاو مهبراقأل كلذكو( دوهس�لل ل���متمح بيهرت وأا ماقتنا يأا ن���م ة���لا ّ عف ة���يامح مئارلجا ض�وس�خب ةداهس�ب نولدي نيذلا ةيئانلجا تاءارجإلا في )ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,مهب ةلس�لا .ةيقافتلا هذهب ةلومس�لما قيقحتلا يرس�يت لىإا فدهت يتلا ماكحألا نم ةعس�او ةفئاط لس�أا لودلا ىد���ل نو���كت د���قو ءوس� ىلع اهس�ارعتس�ا دوت لودلا َّلعل ,تلالحا هذ���ه فيو .ةيمارجإلا لا���عفألا نأا���س�ب ة���قحللماو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� مئارلج اس�يأا اهلومس� ةلافكل ,يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه بهذي ماكحألا كلت ض�عب نأا لىإا رظنلابو ,نكل .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو فيو .تاءارجإلا كلت ذاختا ىلع ةيروتس�د ادويق لودلا ض�عب ض�رفت ,هيف بوغرم وه امم دعبأا حوس�وب ةددمح مئارجب قلعتي اميف لإا يربادتلا هذهب حمس� ُ ي ل ,ىرخألا ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض�عب لثم( ةيداعلا تاينقتلاو تاءارجإلاو تاقيقحتلا ن���م اهءانثتس�ا ربرتو ةروطلخا ةد���يدس� بر���تعت .)ةينطولا دودحلل ةرباعلا ةمظنلما ةيمرلجاو باهرإلا ليوتمو تار ِّدخلماب ليودلا راتجلا مئارج ض�الخا نيوناقلاو يروتس�دلا راطإلا رابتعلا ينعب اوذخأاي نأا تا���عيرس�تلا يغئاس� ى���لع ين���عتيو .اهقيبطتو يربادتلا هذه مادختس�ا في رظنلا دنع .لوألا ءزلجا ,E.05.V.2 عيبلما مقر ,ةدحتلما ممألا تاروس�نم )1( اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 48 عورص�لما يرغ عنص�لا :ةيئانلجا لاعفألا -نماثلا لص�فلا قيلعتلا اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب قلعتتو اهيمرتج ينعتي ةيئانج لاعفأا ةثلث لس�فلا اذه ن َّ مس�تي هذهو .لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 5 ةدالما هيس�تقت الم اقفو ؛ةعورس�م ير���غ ةرو���س�ب ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو :يه لاعفألا ؛اهمس�و نود ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل بيكرت وأا عنس� يأا )أا( ؛)اهب رجّتم( ةعورس�م يرغ تانوكمو ءازجأا مادختس�اب بيكرت وأا عنس� يأا )ب( .نيوناق نذإا وأا حيرس�ت نودب بيكرت وأا عنس� يأا )ج( لوكوتوبرلا تايس�تقم ىلع لياحتلا مدع نا���مس� وه لاعفألا هذه يمر���تج ن���م دو���س�قلماو تانوكمو ءازجأا ع���يمج عنس� قيرط نع رثألا ءا���فتقاو ر���يدس�تلاو داير���تس�لا نأا���س�ب ة���يس�اس�ألا عنس� مدع ةلافكو ؛ع���نس�لا مات جتنم لىإا ا���هل ّ وتحو ا���هبيكرت ل���بق ا���هريدس�تو يرا���نلا حل���س�لا َ مس�ولا عنس�لا ُةيلمع لمس�ت نأا نامس�و ؛ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا نم نذإا نودب ا ّ رس� ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا .رثألا ءافتقل يفكت تاملعب ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� -31 ةدالما بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىو���تس�م د َّ د���حي[ ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ب��� ّكري وأا ع���نس�ي ض����خس� لك -1 :]ءاس�تقلا وأا ؛عورس�م يرغ لكس�ب اهب رجتم تانوكمو ءازجأا مادختس�اب )أا( ؛نوناقلا اذه نم ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقفو ملتس�م ]نذإا[ ةس�خر نودب )ب( اذه نم 7 ةداملل اقفو ,ا���هعنس� ت���قو تا���ملعب ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا م���س�و نود وأا )ج( ؛نوناقلا .ةيمرج بكتري ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدا���لما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل ا���قفو ة���يمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب49 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما عنس� هنأا ىلع "عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا" لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما ن���م )د( ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلا ف ّ ر���عت :اهتيرخذ وأا اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل بيكرت وأا ؛ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب رجتم تانوكمو ءازجأا نم ’ 1 ‘ " اهيف يرجي يتلا فر���طلا ة���لودلا في ة���س�تمخ ة���طلس� ن���م نذإا وأا ة���س�خر نود ’ 2 ‘ " ؛بيكترلا وأا عنس�لا ".اهعنس� تقو تاملعب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و نود ’ 3 ‘ " وهف لوألا لعفلا يمرتج نم دس�قلا امأاف .ةفلتمخ لاعفأا ةثلث ةدالما هذ���ه عور���س�م م ِّ ر���جيو ءافتقاو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا نأا���س�ب ةيس�اس�ألا لوكوتوبرلا تايس�تقم ىلع ل���ياحتلا مد���ع نا���مس� لىإا اهل ّ وتحو اهبيكرت لبق اهريدس�تو يرانلا حلس�لا تانوكمو ءازجأا عيمج عنس� قيرط نع رثألا ا ّ رس� ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� مدع ةلافك وهف نياثلا لعفلا يمرتج نم دس�قلا امأاو .عنس�لا مات جتنم عنس�لا ُةيلمع لمس�ت نأا نامس� لىإا ثلاثلا لعفلا يمرتج فدهيو ؛ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا نم نذإا نودب .)لوكوتوبرلا ذيفنتل يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 181 ةرقفلا رظنا( .رثألا ءافتقل يفكت تاملعب َ مس�ولا ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب تانوكلماو ءازجألا عنس� -32 ةدالما بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىو���تس�م دد���حي[ تا���نوكمو ءاز���جأا ب��� ِّكري وأا ع���نس�ي ض����خس� لك -1 :]ءاس�تقلا وأا ؛عورس�م يرغ لكس�ب اهب رجّتم )أا( ؛نوناقلا اذه نم ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقفو ملتس�م ]نذإا[ ةس�خر نودب )ب( .ةيمرج بكتري ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدا���لما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل ا���قفو ة���يمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 50 لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما ن���م )د( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا في "عورس�لما ير���غ ع���نس�لا" ف���يرعت ير���س�ي ل امكو ,عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا رس�انع نم هرابتعاب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و تاملع بايغ لىإا ىوس� مس�و لوكوتوبرلا طترس�ي ل ,يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم )مس�ولا( عبارلا لس�فلا في ينبم وه تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و ينعناس�لا ىلع ض�رفت نأا ام ةلود تراتخا اذإا امأا .تانوكلماو ءازجألا يرغ راتجلا ةيمرج تان ّ وكم نمس� ))ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا( يلي ام جاردإا ينعتيف ,عنس�لا تقو :تانوكلماو ءازجألاب عورس�لما
Article 23. Marking of parts and components at the time of manufactureمس�و( 23 ةدالما ,لوألا قفرلما[ �ل اقفو ,اهعنس� تقو تاملعب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و نود )ج(
1..
Every manufacturer of parts and components shall mark each essential orنوناقلا اذه نم ])عنس�لا تقو تانوكلماو ءازجألا ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب ةيرخذلا عنس� -33 ةدالما
main part and component, at the time of manufacture, in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article.:]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م د
Commentaryَّ
There is no requirement under the Protocol that parts and components be marked atدحي[ ةيرخذلا بّكري وأا عنس�ي ض�خس� لك -1 وأا ؛عورس�م يرغ لكس�ب اهب رجّتم تانوكمو ءازجأا مادختس�اب )أا(
the time of manufacture. However, the marking of parts and components can help prevent؛نوناقلا اذه نم ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقفو ملتس�م ]نذإا[ ةس�خر نودب )ب(
trafficking in disassembled firearms and can help in the control of craft or homemade.ةيمرج بكتري ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدا���لما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل ا���قفو ة���يمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2
production..]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب
2.قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .
The unique identification mark applied to every essential or main part orلوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
component manufactured in [name of State] in accordance with paragraph 1 of thisيرس�ي ل ةيرخذلل عور���س�لما يرغ عنس�لا يمرتج لود���لا نم 5 ةدا���لما ن���م )أا( 1 ةر���قفلا ي���س�تقت
article shall indicate:لىإا ىوس� لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 3 ةدالما نم )د( ةيعرفلا ةر���قفلا في عور���س�لما ير���غ ع���نس�لا ف���يرعت
(a) That [name of State] is the country of manufacture;ينبم وه امكو ,عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا رس�انع نم هرابتعاب ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و تاملع بايغ
(b) The name of the manufacturer;.
andةيرخذلا مس�و لوكوتوبرلا طترس�ي ل ,يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم )مس�ولا( عبارلا لس�فلا في
(c) The serial number.Annex I. Additional considerations 107يلي ام جاردإا ينعتيف ,عنس�لا تقو اهمس�و ينعناس�لا ىلع ض�رفت نأا ا���م ة���لود ترا���تخا اذإا ا���مأا
Commentary:ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب ةيرخذلا عنس� ةيمرج تان
As there is no requirement under the Protocol to mark parts and components, it is upّ
to States to determine whether they will require manufacturers to mark parts andوكم نمس� ))ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا(
components and the nature of those markings.مس�و( 26 ةدالما ,لوألا قفرلما[ �ل اقفو ,اهعنس� تقو تاملعب ةيرخذلا مس�و نود )ج(
(b)  Additional markings.نوناقلا اذه نم ])عنس�لا تقو51 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
Article 24. Marking of parts and components at the time of importعورص�لما يرغ راتجلا :ةيمارجإلا لاعفألا -عص�اتلا لص�فلا
1. Every person or [public service agency] that imports parts and componentsقيلعتلا
shall ensure that each essential part and component is marked in accordance withةرقفلا د ّدتحو .لو���كوتوبرلا اهم ّ رجي يتلا "ة���يس�يئرلا" لاعفألا ينب ن���م عور���س�لما ير���غ را���تجلا ,عورس�لما يرغ راتجلاب اطابترا امهيمرتج مزلي ينل ْ
paragraph 3 of this article [within ... days] of being imported into [name of State].ع ِف لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم ) ه ( ةيعرفلا
2. Paragraph 1 of this article does not apply to:؛نيوناق نذإا نود اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل دودلحا برع لقن
(a) A part or component that is imported temporarily [for verifiable lawfulّيأا )أا( :امهو
purposes];اذه نم 8 ةدا���ملل اقفو تا���ملعب ة���موس�وم ة���حلس�ألا ن���كت لم اذإا دود���لحا بر���ع ل���قن
(b) A part or component that was initially exported from [name of State] byّيأا )ب(
a person if the person retained ownership of the part or component while it was.لوكوتوبرلا
outside [name of State]; orنيوناق نذإا نود دودلحا برع لقنلا -34 ةدالما
(c) A part or component that was initially exported from [name of State] byةحلس�أا يأا دايرتس�اب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,د���س�قلا ىوتس�م د
a public service agency and that remained in the possession of that agency whileَّ
the part or component was outside [name of State];دحي[ مو���قي ض����خس� لك -1
(d) [Any other exceptions].وأا اهميلس�ت وأا ا���هعيب وأا اهئانتقاب وأا ا���هريدس�ت وأا ا���هتيرخذ وأا ا���هتانوكم وأا ا���هئازجأا وأا ة���يران
3. The unique identification mark applied to each essential part and component imported into [name of State] in accordance with paragraph 1 of this articleنيوناق نذإا نود ,هبر���ع وأا ىرخأا ةلود لىإا ]ةلودلا م���س�ا جرد���
shall indicate:ُ
(a) That [name of State] is the country of import;ي[ م���يلقإا ن���م ا���هلقن وأا ا���هكيرتح
(b) The year of import;.ةيمرج بكتري ]نوناقلا اذه ناونع جرد
(c) [Other].ُ
Commentaryي[ ماكحأا بجوبم ردس�ي ]ةس�خر[ ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدا���لما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل ا���قفو ة���يمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ةدالما نم ) ه( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا في دراولا "عورس�لما يرغ را���تجلا" فيرعت م���كلحا اذ���ه ن��� َّ مس�تي .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 تاملعب ةموس�ولما/ةموس�ولما يرغ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لقن -35 ةدالما دودلحا برع ةحيحس� يرغ وأا ريدس�ت وأا دايرتس�اب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م د َّ
As there is no requirement under the Protocol to mark parts and components, it is upدحي[ موقي ض�خس� لك -1
to States to determine whether they will require the marking of parts and componentsدايرتس�لا تقو وأا عنس�لا تقو موس�وم يرغ يران حلس� لقن وأا كيرتح وأا ميلس�ت وأا عيب وأا ءانتقا اهتيرخذو اهتان
at the time of import and the nature of those markings.ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 52
(c)  Method  of markingةيموكلحا نزاخلما نم ,ىرخأا ةلود لىإا اهبرع وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Article 25. Method of marking parts and componentsُ
All [unassembled] parts and components marked under this chapter shall be markedي[ ميلقإا نم لقنلا تقو وأا ؛ةيمرج بكتري ,نوناقلا اذه نم عبارلا لس�فلل اقفو نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا
[by permanently stamping or engraving the marking on the firearm’s frame or receiver] 108 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدا���لما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل ا���قفو ة���يمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب
in accordance with the technical specifications provided in [title of accompanyingقيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم ) ه( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
regulations to the Law or guidelines containing marking specifications].اس�يأا لمس�ي عورس�لما يرغ راتجلا َّنأا ىلع لوكوتوبرلا نم 3 ةدالما نم ) ه( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا ض�نت
Commentaryوأا اهريدس�ت وأا لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةداملل اقفو تاملعب ةموس�ولما يرغ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�ا
The Protocol does not specify the method of marking that must be used (other thanفي مس�ولا لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما يس�تقتو .اهلقن وأا اهكيرتح وأا اهميلس�ت وأا اهعيب وأا اهءانتقا
indicating that deactivation markings should be “stamped” on deactivated firearms (article 9, subparagraph (c), of the Protocol)). States parties should establish regulations orلامعتس�لا لىإا ةيموكلحا تانوزخلما نم لقنلا تقوو دايرتس�لا تقوو عنس�لا تقو :تلاح ثلث .مكلحا اذه ةغيس� ىلع ض�كعني ا���مم ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�وب ىو���س� 8 ةدا���لما مز���لُت لو .نيد���لما
guidelines that specify the technical requirements for marking parts and componentsنم لكس� طترس�تو لوكوتوبرلل ة���يمازلإلا طورس�لا زواجتت تاعيرس�ت نس�ت ي���تلا لود���لل ي���غبنيو
where they require unassembled parts and components to be marked as distinct from.كلذك مكلحا اذه قاطن عيس�وت نمس�ت نأا ةيرخذلا وأا تانوكلما وأا ءازجألا مس�و لاكس�أا53 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
assembled firearms.مص�ولا :ةيمارجإلا لاعفألا -رص�اعلا لص�فلا
3.  Marking  of  ammunitionقيلعتلا
(a)  Initial markingsهيس�تقت الم اقفو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا م���س�وب ناقلعتيو امهيمرتج مزلي ينلعف ل���س�فلا اذ���ه ن���
Article 26. Marking of ammunition at the time of manufactureَّ
1. Every person that manufactures ammunition shall mark all ammunition, atمس�تي :امه نلعفلا ناذهو .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم لقنلا وأا داير���تس�لا وأا عنس�لا تقو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا م���س�و تا���ملع ر���يوزت )أا( ؛مئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا ةيموكلحا تانوزخلما .اهيريغت وأا اهتلازإا وأا يران حلس� تاملع ض�مط )ب( عيمج ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع نوك نامس� وه ينلعفلا نيذه يمرتج نم دس�قلاو .اقيقد ءافتقا اهرثأا ءافتقا يرس�يت دس�ق ,كلذك اهئاقبو ةحيحس�و ةيقيقح ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةروزلما تاملعلا -36 ةدالما :]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م ددحي[ ض�خس� لك -1 مس�و تاملعب ,بَّكرم يرغ هنكل لماك ايران احلس� وأا ,لماك ايران احلس� م ِ س� َ ي )أا( ؛عنس�لا تقو ةحيحس� يرغ ؛ةحيحس� يرغ مس�و تاملعب ةدروتس�م ةيران ةحلس�أا مس�ي وأا )ب( تانوزخلما نم لقنلا ت���قو ةحيحس� يرغ م���س�و تا���ملعب ا���يران ا���حلس� م���س�ي وأا )ج( ؛نوناقلا اذه نم عبارلا لس�فلا بجوبم مئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا ةيموكلحا .ةيمرج بكتري ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدا���لما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل ا���قفو ة���يمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما حلس�لا ىلع مس�ولا )تاملع( ةملع ريوزت يمرجتب مو���قت نأا لودلا ن���م لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي دايرتس�لاو عنس�لا تقو ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع( لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما اهيس�تقت يتلا ,يرانلا نم لوكوتوبرلا يس�تقي لو .)م���ئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا ة���يموكلحا تا���نوزخلما ن���م ل���قنلاو اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 54 حلس�لا مس�ي يذلا ض�خس�لا د ّ معت ,لثم( ادمع نوكي امدنع لإا ر���يوزتلا اذ���ه م ّ ر���تج نأا لود���لا يغئاس�ل زوجيو .)هر ّ وطت ةرود وأا حلس�لا ردس�م لوح ةللس�مو ةعداخ تامولعم ءاطعإا يرانلا امثيح )ةفرس� ةيرادإا تابوقع وأا ةدس� لقأا تابوقع ْيأا( ةفلتمخ تابوقع اوجردي نأا تاعيرس�تلا ءاطخأا عقت امثيح وأا ادمع ض�يلو لامهإلا قيرط نع ةحيحس� يرغ مس�و تاملع ض�خس�لا عس�ي .اهتعيبط في ةيدام يرغ نوكت مس�ولا ةيلمع للخ ةيس�رع لىإا ةيموكلحا تانوزخلما نم لقنلا تقو ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع ر���يوزتب ق���لعتي ا���ميفو "نيدلما لامعتس�لا" نأاب ملع ىلع تاعيرس�تلا وغئاس� نوكي نأا يغبني ,مئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا يرغ وأا ةلودلا اهيف مكحتت ل ي���تلا ةلعافلا تاهلجاو تاعومجلما لك ي���طغت ة���س�يرع ة���ئف ل���ثيم .ةيس�ايرلا يداونلاو ةس�الخا نمألا تاكرس� كلذ في ابم ,اهل ةكولملما ةحلس�ألا ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع ريوزت يمرتج لودلا نم لوكوتوبرلا يس�تقي لو تانوزخلما نم لقنلاو دايرتس�لاو ع���نس�لا تقو( هلعأا اهفس�و دراو���لا فور���ظلا في لإا ة���يرانلا تاملع ريوزت يمرتج في رظنت نأا نكيم لودلا نأا يرغ .)مئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا ةيموكلحا .يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم عبارلا لس�فلا اهيلع ض�ني ىرخأا مس�و عنس�لا تقو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و مدع ةيمرج ّنأا تاعيرس�تلا وغئاس� ظحلي نأا يغبنيو 3 ةدالما نم )د( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا هيلع ض�نت امبس�ح( يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم 7 ةداملل اقفو نم 31 ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةرقفلا اهت ّ رقأا نأاو قبس� ,)لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 1 ةرقفلاو يرورس�لا نم ض�يل كلذلو )عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا نم اءزج اهفس�وب( ي���جذومنلا نو���ناقلا اذ���ه .ةلس�فنم ةيمرج هفس�وب عنس�لا تقو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و مدع رارقإا ىرخأا فورظ لظ في ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و مدع لودلا م ِّ رتج نأاب لوكوتوبرلا يس�قي لو نأا يرغ .)مئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا ةيموكلحا تانوزخلما نم لقنلا وأا دايرتس�لا تقو لثم( اقفو( يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرس�تلا تقو ةحلس�ألا مس�و لفكت نأاب ةبَلاطم لودلا نم 9 ةداملل اقفو( ليطعتلا دنع ,ىرخأا تلاح فيو ,)لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 6 ةدا���لما ن���م 2 ةر���قفلل عابتا في رظنت نأا لودلل يغبني ,اهذافنإا ةيناكمإاو تايس�تقلما هذهب ديقتلا ةلافكلو .)لوكوتوبرلا ةقيرطلاب ةحلس�ألا مس�و مدعب ةطبترلما تابوقعلا ض�رفو لاعفألا يمر���تج في ة���بس�انلما ة���قيرطلا .ليطعتلا وأا ,يرمدتلا ير���غ ىرخأا ةقيرطب فرس�تلا تقو ا���قلطإا ا���همس�و مد���ع وأا ة���حيحس�لا ةلودلا ةزهجأا اهينتقت يتلا ةحلس�ألا مس�وو رابتخلا تاملع اس�يأا طترس�ت لودلا تناك امثيحو تاءازلجا ض�رفو لاعفألا يمرتج اس�يأا يغبني ,يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم عبارلا لس�فلل اقفو في ةيئانج تاءازج ض�رفو لاعفألا يمرجتل بجوم لو .تامازتللا هذهل لاثتملا مدعب ةقلعتلما .ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ةيرادإا تاءازجو تابوقع ض�رفت نأا لودلل زوجيو ,فورظلا هذه اهريوتحو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و تاملع ةلازإا -37 ةدالما ريوتح وأا ةلازإا وأا ض����مطب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,د���س�قلا ىو���تس�م دد���حي[ مو���قي ض����خس� لك نم ]11 وأا 10 ةدالما[ 9و 8و 7 داولما هيلع ض�نت امبس�ح يران حل���س� ى���لع ة���عوس�ولما تا���ملعلا .ةيمرج بكتري ,نوناقلا اذه55 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما وأا مس�ولا تاملع ض�مط فارطألا لودلا م ّ رتج نأاب ىوس� ,ةقدلا هجو ىلع ,لوكوتوبرلا يس�قي ل دايرتس�لاو عنس�لا تقو مس�ولا( لوكوتوبرلا نم 8 ةدالما هيلع ض�نت امبس�ح اهريوتح وأا اهتلازإا ينتفوقعم ينب دراولا ض�نلا فيو .)مئادلا نيدلما لامعتس�لا لىإا ةيموكلحا تانوزخلما نم لقنلاو تاملع يأا ةلازإا يمرتجو مكلحا اذه قاطن عيس�وت تاعيرس�تلا وغئاس� ّ دو اذإاو .دييقتلا اذه ىنعم .ينتفوقعم ينب دراولا ض�نلا ةلازإا يغبني ,مس�و اهريوتح وأا مس�ولا تاملع ةلازإاب حامس�لا تاعيرس�تلا وغئاس� ّ دوي دق ,كلذ ىلع ةولعو امبس�ح اهريوتح وأا مس�ولا تاملع ةلازإا ىلع قلطم رظح ض�رف نم لدب( فورظلا ض�عب في حمس� ُ ي فورظ ةمث نوكت دق هنأا ىلع ً اينمس� لوكوتوبرلا ض�نيو .)هلعأا ةدراولا ةغايس�لا في درو طرس� بجوبم اهريوتح وأا اهتلازإا وأا يرانلا حلس�لا ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع ض�مطب اهيف يرغ ةروس�ب اهريوتح وأا اهتلازإا وأا يرانلا حلس�لا ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع ض�مط يمرتج حمس� ُ ي دق يتلا فورظلا ددحي ل لوكوتوبرلا نأا يرغ .)5 ةدالما نم )ج( 1 ةرقفلا( ةعورس�م عورس�لما ريوحتلاب ق���لعتت ماكحأا ِ عس�و ُ رمأا لودلل دو���عيو ,ر���يوحتلا وأا ة���لازإلا وأا ض����مطلاب ا���هيف ءافتقا ناكمإلاب لظي نأا نامس� لىإا ة���جالحا ةاعارم عم ,كلذ ّ دو���ت ت���ناك نإا م���س�ولا تا���ملعل .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 226-223 تارقفلا رظنا( ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رثأا )أا( :اهريوتح وأا مس�ولا تاملع ةلازإاب اهيف حمس� ُ ي دق يتلا فور���ظلا ل���مس�ت نأا ن���كيمو عئاب لثم ,ض�خس� لوس�ح )ب( وأا ؛هتابجاو ةس�رامم قا���طن في ام لعفب ي���مومع ف���ظوم ما���يق وأا يران حلس� ىلع ةعوس�وم ةملع ض�مطب ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا ن���م نذإا ى���لع ,ع���ناس� وأا ة���حلس�أا ءارجإا اوجردي نأا تا���عيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل ي���غبني ,تلا���لحا هذ���ه ل���ثم فيو .ا���هريوتح وأا ا���هتلازإا اونمس�ي نأا مهل يغبنيو اهريوتح وأا يران حلس� ىلع ةعوس�ولما ةملعلا ةلازإاب نذإا ىلع لوس�حلل .يرانلا حلس�لا رثأا ءافتقاب حامس�لا في مس�ولا ةداعإا ةقيرط رارمتس�ا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 56 ليطعت مئارج :ةيئانلجا مئارلجا -رص�ع يدالحا لص�فلا[ ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا قيلعتلا لعج طترس�ت ليطعتلل ةمئاق يرياعم ةلودلا ىدل ناك اذإا ام ىلع ةيلاتلا ماكحألا قيبطت فقوتيس� اهيلع ض�وس�نلما ليطعتلل ةماعلا ئدابملل اقفو( ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ يرانلا حلس�لا وأا حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةدا���عإا ر َّذعتي ثيحب )لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 9 ةدا���لما ن���م )أا( ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلا في طترس�ت ل ليطعتلل ةمئاق يرياعم اهيدل ناك اذإا ام وأا ؛)لعف ل َّطعمو( يران حلس� لىإا هليوتح حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإا ىلع ض�نت اهنكل ,ليغس�تلل ة���مئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ يرا���نلا حل���س�لا ل���عج ل ليطعتلل ةيرخألا ةقيرطلا هذه نأا مغرو .لَّغس�م يران حل���س� لىإا ل���يوحتلا وأا ل��� َّطعلما يرا���نلا ىلع ,هب مَّلس�لما نم ّنأا لإا ,لوكوتوبرلا في ا���هيلع ض�وس�نلما ليطعتلل ة���ماعلا ئدا���بلما ع���م ق���س�تت حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإا ىلع ض�نت ليطعتلل يرياعم لودلا ض�عب ىدل ّنأا ,ةيلمعلا ةس�راملما ديعس� عورس�م نم )م( ةيعرفلا ةر���قفلا( "عنس�لا" فيرعت يلي يذ���لا ق���يلعتلا في درو ا���مكو .يرا���نلا طترس�ت ل ةمئاق ليطعت يرياعم ام ةلود ىدل ناك امثيح ,)يجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم 4 ةدالما
the time of manufacture, in accordance with paragraphs 2 and 3 of this article.حلس�لا ليغس�ت ةداعإا ىلع ض�نت اهنكل ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ل���عج
Commentaryماكحأا قبطنت ىتح "ليغس�تلا ةداعإا" لمس�ت ثيحب "عنس�" ةرابع فيرعت يغبني ,ل َّطعلما يرانلا
There is no requirement under the Protocol that ammunition be marked at the time ofيرغ ةروس�ب ليغس�ت ةدا���عإا يأا لكس�تو يرا���نلا حلس�لل ل���يغس�ت ةدا���عإا يأا ى���لع ث���لاثلا ل���س�فلا
manufacture..
Nevertheless, a few States do require that ammunition or certain types ofيجذومنلا نوناقلا اذه نم 31 ةدالما عورس�لم اقبط "عورس�م يرغ اعنس�" ةعورس�م
ammunition be marked at the time of manufacture and technological developments inعورس�لما يرغ ليطعتلا -38 ةدالما[
this area may increase manufacturers’ ability to mark ammunition in the future.:
The marking of ammunition is required under the Economic Community of Westً
African States (ECOWAS) Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and Other Related Materials (article 18, paragraph 3), which provides:ايران
“(a) The markings shall include a unique lot number, the manufacturer’s identity,ً احلس� ل ِّطعي ض�خس� لك -1 ]؛نوناقلا اذه نم 20 ةداملل كاهتنا في )أا([
as well as the country and year of manufacture. Information concerning the purchaser’sاذه نم 21 ةداملل ا���قفو ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا م���س�ا جرد���
identity and the country of destination should also be included if known at the time ofُ
manufacture. These details must feature at least once on the jacket (i.e. cartridge) containing the powder or liquid used in the ammunition or explosive. The markings shall beي[ ن���م ق���بس�م نذإا نود���ب )ب([
expressed alphanumerically;]؛نوناقلا
“(b) The smallest ammunition packaging shall include information outlined under 3 (a).؛نوناقلا اذه نم 23 ةداملل اقفو ليطعت ةداهس� نودب )ج( .
ةيمرج بكتري
2. The identification mark applied to ammunition manufactured in [name of]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ةيمرج بكتري ض�خس� لك بقاعي -2
State] in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall indicate:]].]... ةيميظنت ةبوقع[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و57 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
(a) A unique lot number;قيلعتلا
(b) The name of the manufacturer;.ام ةلود ىدل ل���يطعتلا يرياعلم
(c) That [name of State] is the country of manufacture;ً اقبط ًلا��� ّ عف ليطعتلا نوك نامس� و���ه م���كلحا اذ���ه ن���م د���س�قلا
(d) The year of manufacture.Annex I. Additional considerations 109نم قّقحتلل تابيترت ذاختا طتر���س�ي هنأا لإا ,ليطعتلا لودلا م
3. Every person that manufactures ammunition shall affix a label to eachّ
package in which ammunition is contained, indicating:ر���تج نأا���ب لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�قي لو
(a) The calibre [or gauge] of the ammunition;ةمئاد ةفس�ب لباق يرغ يرانلا حلس�لا لعج نم دّكأاتلل ةس�تمخ ةئيه بناج نم ليطعتلا يربادت
(b) A unique lot number;في ليطعتلا نم ققحتلا عيجس�تلو .)لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا( ليغس�تلل
(c) The name of the manufacturer;ىلع تابوقع ض�رف يغبني ,ةل َّطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رثأا عبتت نم لودلا ينكتمو ,تلالحا عيمج
(d) That [name of State] is the country of manufacture;يمرتج في رظنت نأا اس�يأا لود���لل نكيم امك .ليطعتلا نم ةس�تخلما ة���ئيهلا ق���قتح نا���مس� مد���ع
(e) The year of manufacture.نيذلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ليطعتب مهل نوذأالما نيرخآلا ض�اخس�ألاو ينعناس�لا بقاعت يتلا لاعفألا
Commentary.ليغس�تلل ةمئاد ةفس�ب ةلباق يرغ اهلعجي وحن ىلع ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نولطعي ل اهتيرخذو اهتان
European Community directive 2008/51/EC provides (revised article 4, paragraph 2) that:ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 58
“Member States shall ensure that each elementary package of complete ammunitionةيعرفلا مئارلجا :ةيئانلجا ماكحألا -رص�ع نياثلا لص�فلا قيلعتلا يربادتو ةيعيرس�ت يربادت ن���م مزلي دق ام دمتعت نأا لودلا ن���م 5 ةدا���لما ن���م 2 ةر���قفلا ي���س�تقت وأا اهميظنت وأا اهباكترا ىلع ؤوطاوتلاو لوكوتوبرلا في ةم َّ رجلما لا���عفألا في عور���س�لا م ِّ ر���تج ىر���خأا .اهنأاس�ب ةروس�لما ءادس�إا وأا اهليهس�ت وأا اهيلع ض�يرحتلا وأا ةدعاس�لما وأا اههيجوت اهنيمس�ت مزلي لو ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب راتجلا وأا عنس�لاب ةس�اخ تس�يل ماكحألا هذهو ةيئانلجا ينناوقلا تان ّ ودم في درت ةماع ماكحأا في ُلبق نم ةلومس�م نكت لم اذإا ّلإا ينناوقلا في .مئارلجا لك ىلع ق َّ بطُت يتلا ينناوقلا في وأا ةينطولا عورس�لا -39 ةدالما
is marked so as to provide the name of the manufacturer, the identification batchوأا عس�اتلا وأا نماثلا لس�فلا قاطن في لومس�م مرج باك���ترا في عر���س�ي ض����خس� لك -1
(lot) number, the calibre and the type of ammunition..
ةيمرج بكتري نوناقلا اذه نم ]رس�ع يدالحا وأا[ رس�اعلا
(b)  Additional markings,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج بكتري يذلا ض�خس�لا بقاعي -2
Article 27. Marking of ammunition at the time of import.]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب
1.قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .
Every person [or public service agency] that imports ammunition shallلوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
ensure that all ammunition is marked in accordance with paragraph 3 of this articleميهافلماب نوهرم" لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 2 ةرقفلا قفو عورس�لا يمرجتب مازتللا نإا
within [... days] of being imported into [name of State].نم 6 ةرقفلا( لوكوتوبرلل ة���ييرس�فتلا تاظوحللما في در���ي امكو .نيو���ناقلا ما���ظنلل "ة���يس�اس�ألا
2. Paragraph 1 of this article does not apply to::نإاف )A/55/383/Add.3 ةقيثولا 2 ةرقفلل[
(a) Ammunition that is imported temporarily [for verifiable lawful purposes];ً
(b) Ammunition that was initially exported from [name of State] by a personاقفو ,يلخادلا نوناقلا بجوبم ةر
if the person retained ownership of the ammunition while it was outside [name ofّ
State]; orرقلما مئارلجا باكترا في عورس�لا لىإا تاراس�إلا"
(c) Ammunition that was initially exported from [name of State] by a publicة َفترقلما لاعفألا نم لك لمس�ت اهنأاب نادلبلا ض�عب في مهفت ]لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم
service agency and that remained in the possession of that agency while the,مر ُلجا باكترل ةحجان يرغ ةلوامح في ذَّفنُت يتلا لاعفألاو يئانج مر
ammunition was outside [name of State];ُ
(d) [Other exceptions].ج باكترل
3. The identification mark applied to ammunition [packaging] imported intoً ايرس�تح ".يلخادلا نوناقلا ىس�تقبم اهيلع بقاعي لاعفأا ً اس�يأا لاعفألا كلت نوكت ثيح ةيمرلجا ىلع عَّقوي يذلا ه���س�فن ُ ءازلجا عورس�لا ىلع ع��� َّقوي ,ة���ينوناقلا م���ظنلا ض����عب فيو لم اذإا لإا مكلحا اذه ينمس�ت مزلي لو .فخأا ةبوقعل عورس�لا عس�خي ,ىرخأا مظن فيو .ةلمتكلما .ينطولا يئانلجا نوناقلا وأا ةينطولا ةيئانلجا ةنودلما في ُلبق نم ًلومس�م نكي59 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ةيمرج باكترا ىلع ؤوطاوتلا -40 ةدالما
[name of State] in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall indicate [if yourعس�اتلا وأا نماثلا لس�فلا قاطن في جردنت ةيمرج باكترا ىلع ؤوطاوتي ض�خس� لك -1
State requires ammunition or ammunition packaging to be marked at the time of.ةيمرج بكتري نوناقلا اذه نم ]رس�ع يدالحا وأا[ رس�اعلا وأا
import, insert the details of the marking requirements here].,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج بكتري يذلا ض�خس�لا بقاعي -2
Commentary.]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب
The Protocol does not require the marking of imported ammunition.110 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionقيلعتلا
(c)  Method of markingيمازلإا مكح
Article 28..
Method of marking ammunitionلوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )أا( 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
All ammunition marked under this chapter shall be marked [by permanentlyةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةيمرج باكترا ىلع ؤوطاوتلا يمر���تج 5 ةدالما ن���م )أا( 2 ةر���قفلا ي���س�تقت
microstamping the head of each cartridge] in accordance with the technical specifications provided in [title of accompanying regulations to the Law or guidelines)تاملع( ةملع ريوزتو ةعورس�م ير���غ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو اهس�مط وأا لوكوتوبرلا اذه نم 8 ةدالما هيس�تقت الم اقفو يرانلا حلس�لا ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا
containing marking specifications].ينناوقلا تانودم في مكلحا اذه ينمس�ت مزلي لو .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهريوتح وأا اهتلازإا وأا
Commentary. ُلبق نم اهيف
States parties should establish regulations or guidelines that specify the technical requirements for marking ammunition where they require ammunition to be marked.ً
C. Record-keepingادراو نكي لم اذإا
Commentaryّلإا ةينطولا ينناوقلا نم اهيرغ وأا ةيئانلجا
These suggested provisions supplement the mandatory provisions on record-keeping inض�يرحتلا وأا ةدعاس�لما وأا هيجوتلا وأا ميظنتلا -41 ةدالما ةروس�لما ءادس�إا وأا يرس�يتلا وأا
the Protocol. Many of these provisions might be contained in regulations or secondaryض�خس�ل ةروس�لما يدس�ي وأا رس�يي وأا ض�
legislation accompanying the Law.ّ
1.  Records of  transactionsرحي وأا دعاس�ي وأا ه
Article 29. Information on domestic transactionsّ
[Name of licensing authority] [every licensed manufacturer] shall keep aجوي وأا م ّظني ض�خس� لك -1
record of every transaction in a register of transactions that includes the followingوأا عس�اتلا وأا نماثلا لس�فلا قاطن في جردنت ةيمرج باكترا لجأا نم نيرخآا ض�اخس�أل وأا رخآا
information:.ةيمرج بكتري نوناقلا اذه نم ]رس�ع يدالحا وأا[ رس�اعلا
(a) Name of the transferee;,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج بكتري يذلا ض�خس�لا بقاعي -2
(b) Address of the transferee;.]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب
(c) Date of the transaction;قيلعتلا
(d) Quantity of firearms, their parts and components or ammunitionيمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 5 ةدالما نم )ب( 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
transferred;ّلإا ةينطولا ينناوقلا نم اهيرغ وأا ة���يئانلجا ينناوقلا تانودم في م���كلحا اذ���ه ين���مس�ت مز���لي ل
(e) The markings applied to any firearm [, its parts and components or ammunition] transferred;.
(f) The make, model, serial number and calibre of every firearm transferred;ُلبق نم اهيف
(g) Details of the licence number or other evidence of the transferee’s authority to receive the firearm(s), their parts and components or ammunition;ً
(h) The intended use of the transferred firearms, their parts and componentsادراو نكي لم اذإا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 60
or ammunition (e.g. whether they are intended for export or domestic use); andفرص�تلاو ةرداص�لماو طبص�لا -رص�ع ثلاثلا لص�فلا
[(i) Other, e.g. fingerprints of the transferee, weapon’s ballistic sample copy.]Annex I. Additional considerations 111قيلعتلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةردا���س�بم ةقلعتلما لو���كوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدا���لما تا���يس�تقم ل���س�فلا اذ���ه لوا���نتي
Commentaryدقتعي يتلا وأا ةعورس�م ير���غ ةروس�ب اهب رجتلما وأا ة���عونس�لما ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو
Although not required under the Protocol, keeping a register or record of all transactions.اهيف فرس�تلاو اهطبس�و ,كلذك اهنأا طبس� ىلع ةقبطنلما ,ةيقافتلا نم 14-12 داولماب ةنترقم رس�فتو 6 ةدالما أارقت نأا بجيو
involving the sale and acquisition of firearms and, where feasible, their parts and components and ammunition, will facilitate tracing.,ةيمرلجا في مادختس�لل ةدعم وأا ةمدختس�م وأا ةيمرلجا تاد���ئاع نم امإا ي���ه ي���تلا تاك���لتملما اهءازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ماع هجوب كلذ لمس�يو .اهيف فرس�تلاو تاكلتملما كلت ةرداس�م ىلعو
European Council directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession.ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب رجتلما وأا/و ةعونس�لما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو
of weapons stipulates (article 4) that dealers (defined to include manufacturers) operatingاهب رجتلما وأا ةعونس�لما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رابتعا لاح فيو
in the territory of a member State must be required to keep a register of firearms received"مادختس�لل ةدعم وأا ةمدختس�م" وأا مئارلجا هذه نم "ةيتأاتم" تاكلتمم ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب
and disposed of, including “such particulars as enable the weapon to be identified, inلودلا مزلُت يتلا ,ةيقافتلا نم 13و 12 ينتدالما ماكحأل ةعس�اخ تحبس�أا ,مئارلجا هذه لثم في
particular the type, make, model, calibre and serial number thereof and the names andةطلس�لا قيرط نع ةرداس�لما لىإا لعف ىعس�ت نأاو ةرداس�لما زيتج ينناوق دوجو لفكت نأاب فارطألا
addresses of the supplier and the person acquiring the weapon”..)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 137و 136 ناترقفلا( ىرخأا فرط ةلود كلذ بلطت امدنع ةس�تخلما
Article 30. Information on exports:نأا لودلا ىلع ينعتي ,لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةداملل ةيمازلإلا تايس�تقملل لاثتمللو
In addition to the information recorded in accordance with [annex I, articles 11اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ةرداس�بم ح���مس�ي يلخادلا نيو���ناقلا ما���ظنلا ّنأا ل���فكت )أا(
(Renewal of a manufacturer’s licence) and 12 (Continuation of a licence duringفانس�ألا ةروطخف .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلا وأا اهعنس� ىرج ي���تلا ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتان
consideration of an application for renewal)], [name of licensing authority] [everyّ وكمو نامس�ل لاجعتس�لا هجو ىلع ةيفاس�إا ةينمأا تاطايتحا ذاختا بلطتت دق لوكوتوبرلا اهلمس�ي يتلا
licensed importer or exporter, as appropriate,] shall keep records of all items exported؛اهدعب وأا اهءانثأا وأا ةرداس�لماو طبس�لا ةيلمع لبق مهل نوذأام يرغ ض�اخس�أا يديأا في اهعوقو مدع
under a licence granted under this Law, including:اهعنس� ىرج يتلا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رمدتو طبس�ت )ب(
(a) Dates of all transactions;لاكس�أا بناج لىإا يرمدتلا ةس�ايس� غ
(b) A copy of the import licence or authorization or any other official document that serves as authorization of the import, including details of the country ofِّ
issuance, date of issuance and expiration, identification of authorizing agency, theوس�ت فانس�ألا ةروطخف .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلا وأا
final recipient and the quantity of firearms and/or their parts and components and/؛اهب يمس�ر نذإا ردس� اذإا لإا اهب حامس�لا زوجي ل فرس�تلا نم ىرخأا
or ammunition;ةحلس�ألا في فرس�تلا ةقيرط ليجس�تو ةردا���س�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا م���س�و ن���مس�ت )ج(
(c) Copies of in-transit authorizations (as applicable);.ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا
(d) Name of exporter, address, telephone number and fax, responsible person’s or representative’s name if a commercial body and signature, licence andةلودب ةمئاقلا ةيرادإلاو ةيلخادلا مظنلا عم مجس�نت ةقيرطب مازتللا اذهل لاثتملا يغبنيو ماكحأا لودلا نم ديدعلا ىد���لو .لودلا ريدقتل مازتللا اذه ذيفنت لكس�و ة���قيرط كر���ت ع���م ,ا���م
registration number, if any (including expiration date);نوناق راطإا في لثم ماكحألا جردنت دق( ةردا���س�لماو ديرجتلاو زجلحاو ث���حبلاب ق���لعتت ة���لس�فم
(e) Source of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition, including name, address and telephone number;.)ةرداس�لما لوانتت ةلس�فنم تاعيرس�ت في وأا ةيئانلجا تاءارجإلاب ةقلعتم تاعيرس�ت في وأا ةطرس�لل
(f) Manufacturer’s name, address and country of manufacture of the itemsماظنلل ةيس�اس�ألا ئدابملل عس�ختو ليس�فتلا ىهتنم في ةيعيرس�تلا مظنلا هذه نوكت ,ماع هجوبو
under consideration;"ةرداس�لما" ف
(g) Name and address of the importer;ّ
(h) A description of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/orرعتو .تاك���لتملما نم ام ض�خس� ديرتج ةيناكمإا لىإا ر���ظنلاب ا���م ة���لودل نيو���ناقلا
ammunition for export, including (as applicable) the calibre, gauge or size, theةينوناقلا مظنلا فلتمخ
model, the quantity, the value of the items and the serial numbers;ّنأاب اهنم افاترعا ,"ءاس�تقلا بس�ح زجلحا" لمس�ت اهنأاب ةيقافتلا في61 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا
(i) The name and address of the final end-user;يغئاس� ىلع ينعتي ,تا���عيرس�تلا كلت دوجو دنعو .ز���جلحاو ةردا���س�لما ءازإا ة���نيابتم ا���جهُن ع���بّتت
(j) The name and address of any other party to be involved in the transactionاهتحاتإاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلع ا���هقابطنا او���نمس�ي نأا تا���عيرس�تلا
[including, as applicable, the name of any broker involved in the transaction, address,تايس�تقملل لاثتملا اس�يأا بجيو .عورس�لما يرغ راتجلاو عورس�لما يرغ ع���نس�لا م���ئارلج ة���بس�نلاب
telephone number and broker registration number, and a certified copy of the broker.اهيف فرس�تلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�وب ةس�الخا
licence authorizing the transaction];112 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionفي اهجاردإا في رظنلا لود���لل نكيم يتلا يرمدتلا قرط نم ادد���ع ع���بارلا ق���فرلما د ِّد���حيو
(k) End-user certificate in the manner stipulated in [annex I, article 61 (Enduser certificates)] [including the end-use and destination of the firearms and/or their.ةلس�لا تاذ تاس�ايس�لاو دعاوقلا فيو اهتاعيرس�ت
parts and components and/or ammunition];زجلحاو ثحبلا :ةرداص�لما نم ينكمتلا -فلأا
[(l) Details of the route to be taken by the items, including destination, enduse(r), transit countries, trans-shipment, ports of entry and exit and any other relevantقيلعتلا
routing information;]يمازلإا مكح
[(m) Details of the safety and security arrangements, including safe storage.لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
and transportation, preventing the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition from coming into the possession of unauthorized individuals or entities;]اهنأا مغر لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 1 ةرقفلا في ديدحتلا هجو ىلع طبس�لاو ثحبلا ركذ
[(n) Banking and insurance details for the transaction;]ُ
(o) Any other information as required by the application form.ي لم
Article 31.6 ةدالما نم 1 ةرقفلا يس�قتو .
Information on importsةرداس�لما نم "ينكمتلل" يربادت نم مزلي دق ام دامتعا ىلع ض�نت
In addition to the information recorded in accordance with [annex I, articles 11اهب راتجلا وأا اهعنس� ىر���ج" دق فانس�ألا تناك اذإا ةردا���س�لما ن���م ين���كمتلل ير���بادت دا���متعاب
(Renewal of a manufacturer’s licence) and 12 (Continuation of a licence duringعس�ت نأا ةلافك وأا دامتعا في رظنلا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل يغبني هنأا يرغ ."ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب
consideration of an application for renewal)], [name of licensing authority] [everyنود زجلحاب لثم حامس�لا( فانس�ألل ليوألا طبس�لل ةمارس� لقأا
licensed importer] shall keep records of all items imported under a licence grantedً
under this Law, including:ارا���يعم ة���مئاقلا تا���عيرس�تلا
(a) Name of importer, address, telephone number and [registration number,يرحتلا يربادت نمس� لاوحألا نم يرثك في جرد���ني كلذ نأل ,)ة���لوقعم با���بس�أل ض����يتفتلاب نذإا
if any (including expiration date)];ايرورس� طبس�لا نوكي دقو .امات ا���تابثإا عورس�لما يرغ راتجلا وأا ع���نس�لا تا���بثإا ى���نس�تي نأا ل���بق
(b) The country from which the item(s) is (are) to be imported [, includingليوتح وأا نيوناق يرغ لكس�ب ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت عنلم لجاع ايربدت هرابتعاب تلالحا ض�عب في اس�يأا
the source of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition,.عورس�لما يرغ يلخادلا مادختس�لا وأا لوادتلل اهتهجو
including name, address and telephone number];بابس�أا وأا ةهبس� دوجوب اهطبر يغبني ,لوكوتوبرلل ةلثتمم تايحلس�لا ك���لت نو���كت ى���تحو
(c) Dates of all transactions;فانس�ألا نأاو بكتري نأا كس�و ىلع وأا بكترا دق لوكوتوبرلا في ام
(d) The name, address and telephone number of the foreign seller and exporterَّ
of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition, includingرمج لعف نأاب داقتعلل ىرخأا
name, address and telephone number;ةفس�ب ,تايحلس�لا كلت قس�تتو .ينعلما مرلجا عوس�وم اهتاذ يه اهنأا وأا كلذ ىلع ليلد ةينعلما
(e) A description of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/orتناك نإاو ,ةيقافتلا في ةدراولا ةردا���س�لماو طبس�لا ماكحأل ذفنلما ينطولا نو���ناقلا ع���م ,ة���ماع
ammunition for import, including (as applicable) the calibre, gauge or size, theلىإا رظنلاب ,ةعرس�ب ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا طبس� نم ينكمتلل ةلجاع تاءارجإا ق���بطت لود���لا ض����عب
model, the quantity, the value of the items and the serial numbers;139 ةرقفلا رظنا( تاءارجإلا في ير���خأات ثدح اذإا أاس�نت دق ي���تلا ن���مألا وأا ة���ملس�لا ر���طامخ
(f) The specific purpose of importation and the name and address of the.)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم
final recipient (if different from the importer);ديرجتلاو ةرداص�لما -ءاب
[(g) Details of the route to be taken by the items, including destination, enduse(r), transit countries, trans-shipment, ports of entry and exit and any other relevantقيلعتلا
routing information;]يمازلإا مكح
(h) The name and address of any other party to be involved in the transaction.لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 1 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
[including, as applicable, the name of any broker involved in the transaction, address,ةيلخادلا ينناوقلا في ةلودلا حلاس�ل تاكلتملما نم ديرجتلاو ةرداس�لما نع ةيرثك ض�وس�ن كانه
telephone number and broker registration number, and a certified copy of the brokerفلتمخو لودلا فلتمخ ينب
licence authorizing the transaction];ً
(i) Any other information as required by the application form.Annex I. Additional considerations 113ايربك
Article 32. Information on brokering activitiesً
In addition to the information recorded in accordance with [annex I, articles 11انيابت نيابتت ةقبطنلما مظنلا نأا يرغ .ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا مظعلم اهتيرخذو اهتان
(Renewal of a manufacturer’s licence) and 12 (Continuation of a licence duringّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 62
consideration of an application for renewal)], [name of licensing authority] [everyةينوناقلا مهمظن َةحاتإا ,لوكوتوبرلل اقفو ,تاعيرس�تلا وغئاس� لفكي نأا يغبنيو .ةينوناقلا مظنلا
licensed broker] shall keep records of all transactions carried out under a brokeringاهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ةرداس�م َةيناكمإا ديرجتلاو ةردا���س�لماب ة���قلعتلما ة���مئاقلا
licence granted under this Law, including:.اهتيرخذو نامس�ل ةدد���مح يرياعم عس�و في ر���ظنلا
(a) The identity of the broker, including address and domicile of the company, person responsible within the company and contact person;ً
(b) A copy of the signed contract or draft contract, giving the specific detailsا���س�يأا ة���ينطولا تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ن���كيمو
of the buyer of the goods, model, quantity and value of firearms, their parts andمغر ,ةزوجحلماو ةرداس�لما اهتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل نو���مأالما ن���يزختلا
components or ammunition covered by the intended brokerage licence;نيزخت مدع نامس� ىلع د���عاس�ت نأا يرياعلما هذه نأا���س� ن���مو .ك���لذ طتر���س�ي ل لو���كوتوبرلا
(c) Dates of the transactions;ّنأا .ةرطخ ةقيرطب فانس�ألا هذه
[(d) Source of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition, including name, address, telephone and fax, country code of residence, citizenship if individual, name of responsible person or representative if commercial orاهب نوذأالما فُّ
government, and signature;]رص�تلا قئارط نم هيرغ وأا يرمدتلا -ميج
[(e) Manufacturer’s name and country of manufacture of the items underقيلعتلا
consideration;]يمازلإا مكح
[(f) Precise technical details of the items;].لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما
(g) A certified end-use certificate stipulating the end-use and final destinationةرقفلا( يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا في هيلإا يرس�أا املثم ,ل���ثمتت ةيقافتلل ة���يس�اس�ألا ة���س�ايس�لا ت���ناك اذإا
of the items in the manner set out in [annex I, article 61 (End-use certificates)];مس�اقت ليبق نم ض�ارغأل ,فرطلا ةلودلا حلاس�ل ةرداس�لما تاك���لتملما ع���يب ةرور���س� في ,)134
[(h) A copy of the import certificate or licence, including country of issuance,ةدالما( مهيلإا تادئاعلا ّ در وأا ةيمرلجا اياحس�ل تاس�يوعت عفد وأا ىرخأا فارطأا لود عم تادئاعلا
date of issuance, identification of authorizing agency, authorized import quantity ofىرخأا لاكس�أا بناج لىإا يرمدتلا ةس�ايس� غ ِّ وس�ت لوكوتوبرلاب ةلومس�لما فانس�ألا ةروطخ نإاف ,)14
the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition;].ةيفاس�إا تاطايتحا ذختت امدنع لإا ةزئاج نوكت ل ف
[(i) Full details of the safety and security arrangements, including safe storageُّ
and transportation, preventing the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition from coming into the possession of unauthorized individuals or entities;]رس�تلا نم
(j) Full details of all the parties involved, including the financial/insuranceةيران ةحلس�أا زجح لاح في ,هنأا لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةر���قفلا ي���س�قت ,م���ث ن���مو
arrangements;لم ام" ةرداس�لما فانس�ألا ر
(k) The name of the State from which the equipment is to be sourced andَّ مدت نأاب ,ةلودلا حلاس�ل دعب اميف اهترداس�مو اهتيرخذو اهئازجأاو
to which it is to be exported, even if it is not transported via [name of State];دق ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نوكت نأا ةطيرس� ,ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف ف
[(l) Other.]ّ
2.  Records  of manufacture and  disposalرس�تلاب يمس�ر نذإا ردس� دق نكي
Article 33..
Information on destroyed firearms,"تل
their parts and components and ammunitionِّ
[Name of competent authority] shall keep records of every firearm, frame orج ُ س� دق ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا كلت في فرس�تلا ق���ئارط نو���كت نأاو ,تا���ملعب ت���مس�
receiver or ammunition destroyed in accordance with chapter XIII of the Law,ُ و تانوكمو ءازجأاو ةيران ةحلس�أا نم ةلودلا هزجتتح ام يرمدت 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا في ل َّس�فيو
including the following information: 114 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionةحلس�ألا يرمدتل ا���همدختس�ت يتلا يرمدتلا ةقيرط د���يدتح رمأا لودلل دو���عي ه���نأا ير���غ .ةير���خذو
(a) The method of destruction;يتلا يرمدتلا قئارط ن���م اددع عبارلا قفرلما ين���بيو .ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا
(b) The date of destruction;.ةلس�لا تاذ تاس�ايس�لاو ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا فيو اهتاعيرس�ت في اهجاردإا في رظنلا لودلل نكيم
(c) The reason for the destruction;ةماعلا ةدعاقلا ذيفنتل ىرخألا ةينوناقلا ير���بادتلا نم اددع ذختت نأا ة���لودلل ن���كيم ا���مك
[(d) Other;]نكيم ,)143 ةرقفلا( يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا في هيلإا يرس�أا املثمو .ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا يرمدتب ةيس�اقلا
(e) Where the item destroyed is a firearm, a description of every firearm:يلي ام كلذ لمس�ي نأا
destroyed, including:دودح عس�وو ,يرمدتلا ير���غ ىرخأا ةقيرطب فرس�تلاب نذإل���ل تا���يحلس� ع���س�و )أا(" ,قايس�لا اذه في ,نكيمو .نذإلا اذه ءاطعإا رارقلا بحاس�ل اهيف نكيم ي���تلا تلا���حلل ة���مئلم ةيملع ض�ارغأا في مادختس�لا لثم ,اهب نوذأالما فرس�تلا لئاس�و نع ةلثمأا عيرس�تلا ن َّ مس�تي نأا ؛ةيئانلجا تليلحتلا ض�ارغأا وأا ةيخيرات وأا ةقيرطب ف ُّ ر���س�تلاب نذإا راد���س�إا مد���ع وأا راد���س�إل ة���يرادإا وأا ة���يعيرس�ت ير���ياعم )ب(" نم 6 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا في نيددحلما ينطرس�لا كلذ ن َّ مس�تي نأا بجيو .ير���مدتلا ير���غ ىر���خأا63 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا عس�و اس�يأا نكيمو .اهيف فرس�تلا ةيفيك نيودتو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و بوجو يأا ,لوكوتوبرلا ".ةيلخادلا ةس�ايس�لا تاريدقتل اقفو ىرخأا يرياعم ,ةلس�لا تاذ تاس�ايس�لاو ةيميظنتلا حئاوللاو تاعيرس�تلا عس�و دنع ,ينغئاس�لا ىلع بجيو :ةيلاتلا ماكحألا جاردإا ]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ حلاس�ل تزجح يتلا ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمج عس�خت :]ىرخألا ةلس�لا تاذ تاعيرس�تلا وأا[ نوناقلا اذه بجوبم اهترداس�بم ةئيهلا هذه تماق يتلا وأا وأا ؛]ةراتخلما يرمدتلا ةقيرط[ �ل اقبط يرمدتلل )أا( .]ةس�تخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم ض�اخ نذإل اقبط فرس�تلا )ب( مس�و يرياعم عس�و بجي ,اهب نوذأام ىرخأا ةقيرطب ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا في فر���س�تلا د���نعو ظافتحلا بجي امك .)نوناقلا اذه نم 10 ةدالما( ر َّ مدت لمو اهب ظفُتحا يتلا ةزوجحلما ةحلس�ألا يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تامولعملل بوتكم لجس�ب .)نوناقلا اذه نم 15 ةدالما رظنا( بوتكم لجس�ب ظافتحلا بجي ,يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب ةيرخذلا في فرس�تلا دنعو نم 16 ةدالما رظنا( يرمدتلا يرغ ىرخأا ةقيرطب اهيف فرس�تلما ةيرخذلاب ةقلعتلما تامولعملل .)نوناقلا اذه اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 64 ةيئاص�قلا ةيلولا -رص�ع عبارلا لص�فلا قيلعتلا لاعفألا عيمج في قيقحتلا ىلع ةيئاس�قلا اهتيلو نايرس� د ِّكؤوت نأا لود���لا ن���م ة���يقافتلا ي���س�تقت 15 ةدالما يس�قتو .اهيلع ةبقاعلماو ً ايئاس�ق اهتقحلمو لوكوتوبرلاو ةيقافتلا ىس�تقبم ةمر َّ جلما لخاد ةبكترلما مئارلجا عيمج ىلع )أا( :تلاح ثلث في ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا ديكأاتب ةيقافتلا نم ةلجس�م ةرئاط وأا ةنيفس� تنم ىلع ةبكترلما مئارلجا عيمج ىلع )ب( ؛ة���لودلل ة���يميلقإلا ة���يلولا ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا ديكأات ينعتي ,اهينطاوم ميلس�ت رظحي ينطولا عيرس�تلا ناك اذإا )ج( ؛ةلودلا في ةثلاثلا ةلالحا هذه نأاس� نمو .لماعلا في ناكم يأا في اهوبكترا د���ق نونوكي ي���تلا م���ئارلجا ى���لع نكيم ل نيذلا ةانلجا ةاس�اقم نأاس�ب ةيقافتلا ب���جوبم اهمازتلاب ءافولا ن���م ة���لودلا ن���كتم نأا فرط ةلود لك نم ةيقافتلا يس�تقتو .مهتيس�نج ببس�ب ىرخأا ة���لود ب���لطل ة���باجتس�ا م���هميلس�ت لوانتت ةينوناقلا مظنلا فلتمخ نأاب افاترعا ,"يربادت نم ]...[ ايرورس� نوكي دق ام" دمتعت نأا اماكحأا ةيقافتلا نم 15 ةدالما ن َّ مس�تت امك .قئارطلا فلتخبم ةيئاس�قلا ة���يلولا نا���يرس� د���يكأات .بركأا لكس�ب ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا قاطن عيس�وتل ةيرايتخا نوناقلا اذه قيبطت -42 ةدالما :ةيلاتلا لاوحألا في نوناقلا اذه راطإا في م َّ رمج لعف ّيأا ىلع نوناقلا اذه ق َّ بطُ ي ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ميلقإا لخاد ]ايئزج وأا ا ّ يلك[ مر ُلجا بكتر ُ ي امدنع )أا( ىس�تقبم ةل ّ جس�م ةرئاط وأا ةنيفس� تنم ىلع ]ايئزج وأا ا ّ يلك[ مر ُلجا بكتر ُ ي امدنع )ب( ؛مر ُلجا باكترا تقو ]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ينناوق يذلا ]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ي���نطاوم ُدحأا ]ايئزج وأا ا��� ّ يلك[ َ مر��� ُلجا ب���كتري ا���مدنع )ج( .ةيس�نلجا ببس�ب هميلس�ت ض�َفر ُ ي قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .ةيقافتلا نم 15 ةدالما نم 3و )ب(و )أا( 1 ناترقفلا :ردس�لما وأا ةنيفس� يأا تنم ىلع ةس�اخ ةيئاس�ق ةيلو كلذكو ةيميلقإا ة���يئاس�ق ة���يلو لود���لا لك في د���جوت ً اس�يأا وه اذه نوكي دق ,ماعلا نوناقلا اهيف دوس�ي يتلا ناد���لبلا فيو .ة���لودلا في ة���ل ّ جس�م ةر���ئاط65 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا هيف بكُترا يذلا ناكلما وه دمتعلما رايعلماو .ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا هيلإا دنتس�ت يذلا ديحولا ض�اس�ألا .)ةينعلما ةلودلا ميلقإا في عقي ةيمرلجا باكترا ناكم ّنأا يأا( يئانلجا لعفلا نم يس�تقت يتلا 15 ةدا���لما نم 3 ةرقفلا قيبطتلا ع���س�وم )ج( ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلا ع���س�تو ً ادوجوم ةيمرجلل هباكترا ى َ عدلما ض�خس�لا نوكي امدنع ةيئاس�قلا اهتيلو نايرس� ّ رقت نأا ةلودلا ,تلالحا هذه لثم يفف .يرغ ل اهاياعر د���حأا هنأا ة ّ جحب ه���ميلس�تب ة���لودلا مو���قت لو ا���هميلقإا في ءاطبإا نود ةيس�قلا ليتح نأاب ةيقافتلا نم 16 ةدالما نم 10 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةمزلم لودلا نوكت .ةقحللما دس�قب ةس�تخلما اهتاطلس� لىإا هل ربرم ل ةيلولل اقاطن عس�وألا ةيرايتخلا لاكس�ألاب ذخألا في رظنلا في بغرت يتلا لودلا ّ دوت دقو :42 ةداملل ةيلاتلا ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا َةفاس�إا ةيئاس�قلا تناك ايأا هميلس�ت ض����َفر ُ ي ]ةلودلا م���س�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ي���نطاوم ُد���حأا َ مر���لجا ب���كتري ا���مدنع )د(" ".بابس�ألا يتلا ,ةيقافتلل 15 ةدالما نم 4 ةرقفلا ق ِّ بطت اهنإا ثيح ,ةيرايتخا ة���يعرفلا ةر���قفلا هذ���هو ض�خس�لا نوكي امدنع مئارلجا ىلع ةيئاس�قلا اهتيلو نايرس� ررقت نأا ام ةلود ناكمإاب ّنأا ىلع ض�نت في هنأا ظحليو .بابس�ألا تناك ايأا هميلس�تب موقت لو اهميلقإا في ً ادوجوم ةيمرجلل هباكترا ى َ عدلما نإا ثيح ,)ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا جاردإا لىإا ة���جالحا يفتنت ,)د( ةيعرفلا ةر���قفلا ماد���ختس�ا لا���ح .)ةيس�نلجا كلذ في ابم( بابس�ألا تناك ايأا ميلس�تلا ض�فر تلاح يطغت )د( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا )15 ةدالما( ةيقافتلا ع ِّ جس�ت ,ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولاب ةقلعتلما ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا قاطن جراخو اهيف نوكي يتلا تلالحا لك في ل���ثم ,ىرخأا فورظ في ة���يئاس�قلا ة���يلولا نا���يرس� د���يكأات ى���لع في نطقي ةيس�نلجا يمدع اس�خس� وأا اهاياعر دحأا مرلجا بكترم نوكي وأا ,اهاياعر نم اياحس�لا اهباكترل ططخي لاومألل لس�غ ةطس�نأاو ةيرطخ مئارجب اطبترم مرلجا اهيف نوكي وأا ,اهميلقإا تس�يل ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا ض�س�أا نأا حوس�وب ةيقافتلا ينبتو .)15 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا( اهميلقإا في نوناقلا دعاوقب ض�اس�لما نود ,لود���لل نكيم هنأا ىلع 15 ةدالما ن���م 6 ةر���قفلا ض����نت ذإا .ة���لماس� يأا ةس�رامم نود ةيقافتلا هذه لوتح لو .ةيئاس�قلا اهتيلول ةيفاس�إا ض�س�أا ةماقإا ,ماعلا ليودلا .يلخادلا اهنوناقل اقفو اهنايرس� فرطلا ةلودلا د ِّكؤوت ةيئانج ةيئاس�ق ةيلو ةلود ميلقإا في ام ٍةلود اياعر دحأا اهبكتري يتلا لاعفألا لمس�تل ةيئاس�قلا ةيلولا ديدتمو تاذ ةد ّدمح مئارج ّ ض�خي اميف لاوحألا ثركأا في يرجي انمإا )ةلعافلا ةيس�خس�لا أادبم( ىرخأا لاعفألا ىلع ةلعافلا ةيس�خس�لا أادبم رس�تقي ,ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض�عب فيو .ةديدس�لا ةروطلخا نوناقل ً اقفو لب , ُ بس�حف َلعفلا اهاياعر دحأا بكتري يتلا ةلودلا نوناقل ً اقفو ةيمرج ّدعُت ل يتلا . ً اس�يأا لعفلا اهيف بكتر ُ ي يتلا ةلودلا نوناقلا في ةيفاس�إا ةدام جرد���ت اهّ لعلف ,ماكحألا هذه دامتعا في لود���لا ت���بغر لا���ح فيو :لياتلاك اهتغايس� نكيم ,اهميلقإا جراخ نوناقلا اذه قيبطت لوح يجذومنلا :ةيلاتلا لاوحألا في نوناقلا اذه راطإا في م َّ رجي لعف ّيأا ىلع نوناقلا اذه ق َّ بطُ ي ينمئادلا ينميقلما نم وأا[ ]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد��� ُ ي[ اياعر نم ض����خس�لا نو���كي ا���مدنع )أا( ؛]داتعم لكس�ب اهيف ينميقلما نم وأا[ ]اهيف ينميقلما نم وأا[ ]ةلودلا م���س�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ اياعر نم مر��� ُلجا ب���كترم نو���كي ا���مدنع وأا )ب( ؛]داتعم لكس�ب اهيف ينميقلما نم وأا[ ]اهيف ينمئادلا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 66 في داتعلما هتماقإا ناكم دجوي ةيس�نلجا يمد���ع ٌ ض�خس� َ مر��� ُلجا ب���كتري ا���مدنع وأا )ج( ؛مر ُلجا باكترا َتقو ]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ةيمرج باكترا فدهب ]ةلودلا م���س�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ م���يلقإا في مر��� ُلجا ب���كتر ُ ي ا���مدنع وأا )د( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ميلقإا لخاد ةيرطخ ةه ّ جوم مرلجا جئاتن نكل ]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ميلقإا جراخ مر ُلجا بكتر ُ ي امدنع وأا ) ه( .]ةلودلا مس�ا ج َ رد ُ ي[ ميلقإا لخاد ةيرطخ ةيمرج باكترا فدهب وأا وحن ينبولطلما ميلس�ت -43 ةدالما .اهيبكترم ميلس�ت نوناقلا اذه في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما مئارلجا مزلتس�ت قيلعتلا اهتفس�ب لوكوتوبرلا في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما مئارلجا لماعت نأاب فارطألا لودلا ةيقافتلا ماكحأا مزلُت ةس�تخلما تاطلس�لا ىلع اهس�رعت نأاو اهنيناوقو اهتادهاعم بجوبم اهيبكترم ميلس�ت مزلي مئارج رظنا( )ةيقافتلا نم 16 ةدالما( ةيس�نلجا ببس�ب ميلس�تلا ض�فر ُ ي امدنع ايلخاد اهيلع ةاس�اقملل .)ةيقافتلا ذيفنتل يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 449-394 تارقفلا اس�يأا ع ِّ جس�تو اهيطغت يتلا مئارلجاب قلعتي اميف ميلس�تلل ىندأا ايس�اس�أا ارايعم ةيقافتلا عس�تو .ينبولطلما ميلس�ت تاءارجإا طيس�بت لىإا ةفداهلا تايلآلا نم ةعونتم ةعوممج دامتعا ىلع اس�يأا في ةدراولا ماكحألا ءوس� في ميلس�تلاب ةقلعتلما ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا ض����رعتس�ت نأا لود���لل ي���غبنيو اهتفس�ب لوكوتوبرلا بجوبم اهيمرتج ين���عتي يتلا لاعفألا عيمج ا���هنيمس�ت ل���فكت نأاو ة���يقافتلا ,ينبولطلما ميلس�تب قلعتت ةيعيرس�ت ماكحأا وأا ةدهاعم يأا بايغ فيو .اهيبكترم ميلس�ت مزلي مئارج .ةيقافتلا في ةن ّ يبلما تاءارجإلل اقفو ءلؤوه مَّلس�ي نأا يغبني67 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ليودلا نواعتلا -ميج عرفلا قيلعتلا تاعيرس�تلا ض�نت نأا عقوتلما يرغ نم هنألو .لوكوتوبرلا نم 13و 12 ينتدالما لس�فلا اذه ض�قاني ديدحتل ةيحلس�لا لماك لودلل ىقبي ,ديدحتلا هجو ىلع ليودلا نواعتلا ةطس�نأا نم ديدعلا ىلع للخ نمو ض�الخا نيوناقلا اهماظنل اعبت ,ةيمازلإلا تايس�تقلما هذهل لا���ثتملل بو���لس�أا ب���س�نأا .ىرخأا قئارط وأا ةيميظنت حئاول وأا تاس�ايس�لل ةيهيجوت ئدابم وأا تاعيرس�ت تامولعلما لدابت -رص�ع س�مالخا لص�فلا ليودلا نواعتلاو ةينطولا لاص�تلا تاهج -فلأا ةينطو لاس�تا ةهج ءاس�نإا -44 ةدالما رئاس� عم لس�و ةهج ا���هرابتعاب لمعلل ةينطو لاس�تا ة���هج أاس�نُت ,نو���ناقلا اذ���ه ب���جوبم اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ة���حفاكبم ةقلعتلما ل���ئاس�لما نأا���س�ب لود���لا .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 13 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما لس�و ةلس� ةباثبم لمعتل ةديحو لاس�تا ةهج وأا ةينطو ةئيه لودلا د ّدتح نأاب لوكوتوبرلا يس�قي ديدتح راتخت نأا اس�يأا ام ةلودل زو���جيو .لوكوتوبرلاب ةقلعتلما لئاس�لما نأا���س�ب ىر���خألا ناد���لبلاب فارطألا لودلا ةيبلغأا نأا لىإا ةراس�إلا ردتجو( .ةينطو لاس�تا تاهج اهفس�وب تائيهلا نم ددع يه اهيدل ةينطولا لاس�تلا تاهج نأاب ةيمرلجاو تار ِّدخلماب ينعلما ةدحتلما ممألا بتكم تغلبأا يغبني ,ام ةلود هررقت امع رظنلا فرس�بو .)لدعلاو ةيلخادلا يتارازو مامأا ةلوؤوس�لما تاطلس�لا لس�تتس� يتلا ةهلجا ىرخألا لودلا فرعت يكل ةينطولا لاس�تلا )تاهج( ةهج يه نم حاس�يإا نأا بجي اهنأا مغر ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا في تامولعلما هذه جردت نلو .ا���هب لا���س�تلا ة���يفيكو ا���هب .ىرخألا فارطألا لودلل ةلوهس�ب ةحاتم اهلعتج ةقيرطو لكس�ب مدقت اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 68 لودلا يقاب عم ليودلا نوا���عتلا ىلع لوكوتوبرلا نم م���كلحا اذ���ه في ما���متهلا ّ ب���س�نيو 13 ةرقفلا ىس�تقبم ّينعت يتلا "ةيزكرلما ةطلس�لا" ن���ع لقتس�م نايكب ق���لعتي ر���مألاف .فار���طألا هفس�وب ديدج زاهج ءاس�نإا دنعو .ةلدابتلما ةينوناقلا ةدعاس�لماب ىنعُتو ةيقافتلا نم 18 ةدالما نم أاس�نُت يتلا تلالحا فيو .نأاس�لا كلذ في عيرس�ت ّنس� رمألا يس�تقي د���ق ,ة���ينطولا لا���س�تلا ة���هج ّنس� لىإا ةجالحا فقوتت ,لثم نوناقلا ذافنإل ,ةدوجوم ةينطو ةئيه راطإا في ةديدج ةدحو اهيف .ل مأا ةمئاقلا تاعيرس�تلا في هب ً اس� ّخرم كلذ ناك اذإا ام ىلع عيرس�ت يذلاو ,13 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا في دري يذ���لا قاطنلا عس�اولا ي���مازلإلا م���كلحا فل���خبو ةحفاكبم ةقلعتلما لئاس�لما نأا���س�ب ىرخألا لودلاب لس�تت ةينطولا لا���س�تلا ة���هج نأا ى���لع ض����ني عس�ي ل ,ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� قاطنلا ديدتح رمأا ةلودلل دوعيو .ةينطولا لاس�تلا تاهلج ةدد���مح تا���يلوؤوس�م يأا لو���كوتوبرلا .اهتطس�نأاو اهفئاظوب ض�الخا ةعاملجا ةيقافتا ل���ثم( لاس�تا ةهج ين���يعت ةيميلقإلا كو���كس�لا ن���م د���يدعلا ي���س�تقتو يرغ راتجلا عنلم لمعلا جمانبرل اقبطو .)ي���بويرن لوكوتوربو ايقيرفأا بر���غ لود���ل ة���يداس�تقلا ءاس�قلاو راتجلا كلذ هحفاكمو ه���بناوج لكب ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ة���حلس�ألاب عور���س�لما نع ةلوؤوس�م ةينطو لاس�تا ةطقن ينيعت لودلا ىلع بجي ,)نياثلا لس�فلا نم 4 ةرقفلا( هيلع كلذ في ابم ,ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب عور���س�لما يرغ راتجلا ن���م ةدد���عتم ب���ناوج كس�لا يس�قي ,لثلمابو ."راتجلاو ةرس�مس�لاو لوادتلاو بيرهتلاو ةبقارلماو عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لا" لدابتل" ةينطولا لاس�تلا طاقن نم ثركأا وأا ةطقن ةلودلا ينعت نأاب )25 ةرقفلا( بقعتلل ليودلا نكيمو ."كس�لا اذه ذيفنتب ة���قلعتلما لئاس�لما عيمج نأاس�ب لا���س�تا تا���ئيهك ل���معللو ,تا���مولعلما ةهج ةباثبم لمعت نأا اقبس�م ةنيعم ةطلس�ل ةبس�نلاب بس�انلما نم ناك اذإا ام في رظنت نأا لودلل .نوناقلا اذه بجوبم ةينطو لاس�تا ةحلس�ألل ةينطو ةنلج ءاس�نإا في رظنلا لودلل نكيم ,ةينطو لاس�تا ةهج ءاس�نإا نع لس�فو ةيميلقإلاو ةيلماعلا كوكس�لا نم ديدعلا نأا يرغ .لوكوتوبرلا يس�تقبم ابولطم ض�يل اذهو .ةيرانلا ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب قلعتلما ةدحتلما ممألا لمع جمانرب بجوبمو .ةنجللا هذه لثم ءاس�نإا لىإا وعدت اذإا , ّينعت وأا ,ئس�نت نأا" ىلع لودلا ع َّ جس�ت ,)نياثلا لس�فلا نم 4 ةرقفلا( ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو هيجوت ةيلوؤوس�م لىوتت ةيس�س�ؤوم ةيس�اس�أا لكايهو ةينطو قيس�نت تائيه وأا ةزهجأا ,لالحا ىس�تقا ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب عورس�لما يرغ را���تجلا عنم لىإا ةيمارلا دوهلجا د���س�رو ث���حبلاو تا���س�ايس�لا في ةلثامم تامازتلا در���تو ."هيلع ءاس�قلاو ه���تحفاكمو هبناوج ع���يمج ن���م ة���فيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو لوكوتوربو ايقيرفأا برغ لودل ةيداس�تقلا ةعاملجا ةيقافتا لثم ,ةيميلقإلا كوكس�لا نم ديدعلا اهتيعس�و ىلع م���ئاق بس�انم يس�س�ؤومو يعيرس�ت را���طإا عس�و في ر���ظنلا لود���لل ن���كيمو .ي���بويرن ناجللاو .ةيفاقثلا تادا���علاو ةينوناقلا مظنلا يقابو ةيروتس�دلا م���ظنلا ك���لذ في ا���بم ,ة���س�الخا ةينطولاو ةيلحلما دعس�لا ى���لع ةلعافلا رس�انعلا فلتمخ ة���طس�نأا قيس�نت ن���ع ة���لوؤوس�م ة���ينطولا جمانرب ماق دقو .ةيرغس�لاو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارم تايلمع ةيلاعف ةدا���يز فد���هب ة���يميلقإلاو ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألل ةينطولا ناجللا لمعو ءاس�نإا ليلد" :رس�نب يئانمإلا ةدحتلما ممألا .لودلا دعاس�ي نأا نكيم يذلا )2( "ةفيفلخا . www.undp.org/crp/documents/sa_control/SALWGuide_English.pdf :لياتلا ناونعلا ىلع حاتم )2(69 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا ليودلا نواعتلا -ءاب قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 13 ةدالما نم 3و 1 ناترقفلا :ردس�لما :يلي ابم نا ّ ماع نامازتلا كانه ةينطولا تاطلس�لا عم ة���يلودلاو ةيميلقإلاو ةيئانثلا دع ُ س�لا ى���لع نوا���عتلا ير���س�يت )أا( راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� عنم في ةطرخنلما ىرخألا لودلل ؛ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ي���عناس� معدو نوا���عتلا ير���س�يت )ب( ةطس�نأا فس�كو عنم لجأا نم ينيراجتلا اهيلقانو اهترس�امس�و ا���هير ّدس�مو ا���هيدروتس�مو ا���هرا ّتجو .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� .ينمازتللا نيذهل لاثتملا ةقيرط رايتخا رمأا ةلودلل دوعيو تامولعلما لدابت -1 قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 12 ةدالما نم 3و )د(-)أا( 2و 1 تارقفلا :ردس�لما لودلا ىلع عقت ي���تلا تامولعلما لدابتب ة���قلعتلما تامازتللا لو���كوتوبرلا ن���م 12 ةدا���لما لوا���نتت نم ةعوممج نأاس�ب ةن ّ يعم تلاحب ة���لس�لا تاذ تامولعلما لدابت لودلا ى���لع ين���عتيو .فار���طألا ةيرادإلاو ةيلخادلا م���ظنلا عم ىس�امتي وحن ىلع ماز���تللا اذه ذ���يفنت ب���جيو .ة���نكملما ل���ئاس�لما .لودلا ريدقتل مازتللا اذه ذيفنت لكس�و ةقيرط كترُتو ,لودلل ةمئاقلا . ً ايمازلإا ً امكح ّدعي تامولعلما لدابت نأا مغر اهلدابت ينعتي يتلا تامولعلما عاونأا د َّ دتح لمو ىلع طباوس� ام ةلود ض�رف لاح فيو .تاحترقلما نم اددع لوكوتوبرلا م ِّد���قي ,ك���لذ ن���م لد���بو تامولعلما لمس�تل اهلدابت متي يتلا تامولعلما ةمئاق عيس�وت نكيم ,ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأاو ةرس�امس�لا .ةعورس�لما يرغ ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأاب ةلس�لا تاذ 12 ةدالما نم 3 لىإا نم 1 تارقفلا في ةدراولا تامولعلما لدابت تلامج لمس�ت نأا نكيمو :يلي ام ,لودلا ريدقتل ةكوترم اهنأا مغر ,لوكوتوبرلا نم ,في رس�حنت ل اهنكل ,ل���مس�ت لئاس�بم قلعتت ةن ّ يعم تلا���حب ة���لس� تاذ تا���مولعم )أا( اهير ّدس�مو ا���هيدروتس�مو اهراتجو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ي���جتنم ؛مهل نوذأالما اهيلقانو يرغ ةطس�نأا في ةعلاس� اهنأا في هبتس�لما وأا فورعلما ةمظنلما ةيمارجإلا تاعاملجا )ب( ؛اهب راتجلا وأا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ل ةعورس�م اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 70 اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� في ةلمعتس�لما ءافخإلا لئاس�و )ج( ؛لئاس�ولا كلت فس�ك لبس�و ,ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلا وأا تاعاملجا اهمدختس�ت يتلا بوردلاو لوس�ولاو لاس�رإلا طاقنو لئاس�ولاو قئارطلا )د( اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألاب را���تجلا في ا���هعولس� في ه���بتس�لما وأا ة���علاس�لا ة���مظنلما ة���يمارجإلا ؛ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو لاس�ئتس�او ةحفاكمو عنم لىإا ةيمارلا ةيعيرس�تلا يربادتلاو تاس�راملماو تابرلخا ه( ؛ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� في دعاس�ت يتلا نوناقلا ذافنإا تا���طلس�ب ةلس�لا تاذ ةينقتلاو ة���يملعلا تا���مولعلما )و( ,ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ع���نس� ع���نم .اهنع ي ّ رحتلاو فس�كلاو نوناقلا ذافنإا ى���لع نواعتلاو تامولعلما لدابتب ق���لعتت ً اماكحأا ً ا���س�يأا ة���يقافتلا ن��� َّ مس�تتو هذه رابتعلا في اوعس�ي نأا تا���عيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل يغبنيو .)لا���ثلما ل���يبس� ى���لع ,28-26 داو���لما( نامس� ةيغب ,لوكوتوبرلا في ةدراو���لا ليودلا نواعتلا ماكحأا ذيفنتل يربادت ع���س�و ىد���ل ماك���حألا نم ناك اذإا ام ديدتح ةيغب كلذكو نواعتلاو تامولعلما لدابت تابلط ذيفنت في طباترلاو قاس�تلا .ةيرادإلا لكايهلا وأا/و ةيعيرس�تلا ماكحألا ض�فن مادختس�اب تا���يس�تقلما فلتخبم ءا���فولا ن���كملما .عيس�اولما هذه نأاس�ب نياثلا قفرلما في ةدراولا قئاثولاب اودس�ترس�ي نأا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل نكيمو ةي ّ رس�لا تامولعلما -2 قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 12 ةدالما نم 5 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما ةيلود تاقافتا يأاب وأا نيوناقلا اهماظنل ةيس�اس�ألا ميهافلماب انهر ,فرط ةلود لك ىلع ينعتي" تامولعلما كلذ في ابم ,ىر���خأا فرط ةلود نم ا���هاقلتت تا���مولعم يأا ة���ي ّ رس� ل���فكت نأا ,"ىر���خأا مادختس�ا ىلع ةس�ورفلما دويقلل ل���ثتتم نأاو ,ةيراتج تلماعبم ةقلعتلماو ة���يكللما ق���حب ة���لومس�لما نم 5 ةرقفلا ّ رقتو .تامولعلما تم ّدق يتلا ةلودلا تاطلس� كلذ اهنم تبلط اذإا ,تامولعلما كلت نوكي ام ةداعو ,اهيلع ةظفاحلما وأا ةي ّ رس�لا نامس� تلالحا ض�عب في نكيم ل هنأاب اس�يأا 12 ةدالما نع ةرابع اهنم يرثك( ةيئارجإا ةيئامح لاكس�أا تامولعلما بلطت يتلا ةلودلل نأا كلذ في ببس�لا لبق ,ينمهتلما ض�اخس�ألل نوماعلا نوعدلما فس�كي نأاب يس�تقت )ةذفانو ةنيس�ح ةيروتس�د قوقح تامولعلما عيمج نع ,مظنلا ض�عب في ,اوفس�كي نأا وأا مهئبرت دق يتلا تا���مولعلما ن���ع ,ة���مكاحلما ظافلحا ر َّذعت اذإاو .)لوكوتوبرلا ذيفنتل يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 244 ةرقفلا رظنا( ةلس�لا تاذ .اهئاس�فإا لبق تامولعلما تمدق يتلا ةلودلا تاطلس� تغِ لبأا ,ةي ّ رس�لا كلت ىلع71 ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا -نياثلا ءزلجا رثألا ءافتقا ىلع ليودلا نواعتلا -ميج ةيلودلا رثألا ءافتقا تابلط -45 ةدالما ىرخأا لود نم رثألا ءافتقل تامولعم بلط نع ةلوؤوس�م ]ةس�تخلما تاطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نوكت ةحلس�ألا اهيف نوكت ةلاح يأا في ةس�تخلما تاطلس�لا نم ةدراولا ةيلودلا رثألا ءافتقا تابلطل ةباجتس�لاو .ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب ر ُّتجا وأا تعِّن ُ س� دق ابمر ةينعلما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهؤوازجأاو ةيرانلا قيلعتلا يمازلإا مكح .لوكوتوبرلا نم 12 ةدالما نم 4 ةرقفلا :ردس�لما رثأا ءافتقا ىلع ا���هنيب اميف نواعتت نأا" فارطألا لود���لا ن���م 12 ةدا���لما ن���م 4 ةر���قفلا ي���س�تقت ةروس�ب اهب ر ُّتجا وأا تعِّن ُ س� دق نوكت ابمر يتلا ةيرخذلاو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في عس�ت نأا لود���لل يغبني هّنأا لإا .ر���ثألا ءافتقا ق���ئارط لو���كوتوبرلا ين���بي لو ."ة���عورس�م ير���غ ةقلعتلما تامازتللا نع فلتمخ وهف ك���لذبو نوناقلا ذافنإل ةادأا و���ه ر���ثألا ءا���فتقا نأا ا���هرابتعا ةأاس�نلما ةينطولا لاس�تلا ةهجو ةيقافتلا نم 18 ةدالما في ةدراولا ةلدابتلما ةينوناقلا ةدعاس�لماب .لوكوتوبرلا نم 13 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلاب لمع ."ةحاتلما دراولما دودح في" رثألا ءافتقا تابلطل لودلا بيجتس�ت نأا لوكوتوبرلا يس�تقيو لىإا رظنلاب ً ايعقاو ً اينمز ً اراطإا برتعي ام ض�وس�خب ةيريدقتلا ةطلس�لا ض�عب ةلودلل رّفوي اذهو لودلل كوترم رمألاو ."ةعيرس�" دودرلا نوكت نأاب يس�قي لوكوتوبرلا ناك نإاو ,ةحاتلما اهدراوم ينيعت لفكت نأا اس�يأا لود���لل يغبنيو .اهيلع درلاو ر���ثألا ءافتقا تا���بلط يمد���قت ق���ئارط د���يدحتل دقف .ىرخأل ةلود نم فلتخي اذهو .رثألا ءافتقا تابلط ىلع درلل ة���بس�انلما ة���ينطولا تا���طلس�لا ةدحو وأا ةنيعم ةينطو ةطرس� ةدحو وأا رثألا ءافتقل ينعم ينطو زكرم لودلا ض�عب ىدل نوكي ةيرطلخا مئارجلل يِّدس�تلا نع لوؤوس�لما زاهلجا لىوتي دق ,ىرخأا لود فيو .ةطرس�لا ةئيه لخاد .ة ّ مهلما هذه ةقلعتلما اهتاعيرس�ت لمس�ت نأا ةلافك بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا ذيفنت راتخت يتلا لودلل يغبنيو تاهيجوت بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا مدقي امك .كس�لا كلذ بجوبم ا���هتامازتلا ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألاب جذونم ىلع عّ لطت نأا اس�يأا لودلل زوجيو .اهيلع درلاو رثألا ءافتقا تا���بلط يمد���قت نأا���س�ب ةد���يفم عابّتا نأاس�ب ةرداس�لا يبوروألا داتحلا ض�لمج ةيس�وت( ليود رثأا ءافتقا بلطل يبوروألا داتحلا نأاس�ب دودلحا برع ةطرس�لا تاطلس� اهيرتج يتلا تاقيقحتلا في ادحوم ءارجإا ءاس�عألا لودلا ليلدلاو ,مئارج باكترا في اهلامعتس�ا دعب ةدترس�لما وأا ةزوجحلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب دادمإلا تاونق .)اهب قفرلما لا َّ عفلا ذيفنتلاب ةليفكلا لئاس�ولا بس�نأا في رظنلا ,ةينطولا اهمظنل ا���قفو ,لود���لل ن���كيمو وأا ةيرادإا تاءارجإا وأا ةيميظنت حئاول قيرط نع ,لثم( لوكوتوبرلا نم ي���مازلإلا م���كلحا اذ���هل :ةيلاتلا تامولعلما تاءارجإلا كلت لمس�ت نأا نكيمو .)ةيذيفنت رماوأا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 72 ؛رثألا ءافتقا تابلط يقلتب ةس�تمخ تاطلس� ينيعت )أا( ليودلا رثألا ءافتقا تا���بلط في اهجاردإا ينعتي يتلا تا���مولعلما ن���م ى���ندألا د���لحا )ب( :كلذ في ابم ,اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةعورس�لما يرغ ة���عيبطلا ف���س�ت تا���مولعم ’ 1 ‘ اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلع اهيف ثرُ ع يتلا فورظلاو اهتيرخذو ؛بلطلل نيوناقلا ريبرتلاو ىرخألا ةحاتلما تامولعلماو ردس�لما دلبو رايعلاو لس�لس�لما مقرلاو جذومنلاو زارطلا ’ 2 ‘ ؛بلطلا عوس�وم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نع .رثألا ءافتقا بلطل دوس�قلما مادختس�لا ’ 3 ‘ تاطلس�لا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل يغبني يذ���لا ]ا���موي/مايأا ...[ م���ئللما ي���نمزلا را���طإلا )ج( ؛رثألا ءافتقا بلط ملتس�اب هنوس�غ في ّ رقت نأا ]ةس�تخلما للخ ,]ةس�تخلما تاطلس�لا م���س�ا جرد ُ ي[ مايق طاترس�ا ,ة���ينطولا ين���ناوقلل ا���قفو )د( تامولعلما عيمج يمدقتب ,رثألا ءافتقا بلط ملتس�ا خيرات نم ءادتبا ةددمح ةيرس�ق ةينمز ةترف ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ر���ثأا ءافتقا ض�رغب ةلس�لا تاذو ب���لطلا ةم ِّدقم ة���لودلا ا���هبلطت ي���تلا ة���حاتلما ؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةلودلا نم ةيفاس�إا تامولعم ب���لطت نأا ]ةس�تخلما تاطلس�لا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل زو���جي ) ���ه( ؛بلطلل ةباجتس�لل ةمزللا تامولعلما عيمج بلطلا ن َّ مس�تي ل امدنع ةبلاطلا فرطلا ىلع درلا ىوتمح د��� ّ يقت وأا لجؤوت نأا ]ة���س�تخلما تا���طلس�لا م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل ن���كيم )و( تامولعلما نع ف���س�كلا ناك اذإا ,ةبولطلما تا���مولعلما يمد���قت ض����فرت نأا وأا ,ر���ثألا ءا���فتقا ب���لط تامولعلما ةيامحب قلعتلما نوناقلا ناو���نع جرد ُ ي[ قرخي وأا ةيرالجا ة���يئانلجا تا���قيقحتلاب ض����يم بابس�أل وأا ,تا���مولعلما ةي ّ رس� نامس� ى���لع ةرداق يرغ ة���بلاطلا ة���لودلا ت���ناك ا���مثيح ,]ة���ي ّ رس�لا عيرس�تلا ناونع جرد ُ ي[ في دري ا���ملثم ةدحتلما ممألا قاثيم عم قس�تي ا���بم ي���نطولا ن���مألاب ق���لعتت .]ةلس�لا يذةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا قيلعتلا نأاس�ب ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا لوكوتورب في ةدراو���لا ماكحألا ليس�فتلا نم رد���قب ها���ندأا ف���لأا عر���فلا لوا���نتي اهتاعيرس�ت في ا���هجاردإا في رظنلا فار���طألا لودلا ىلع ين���عتي ي���تلا ةر���س�مس�لا ة���طس�نأاو ةر���س�امس�لا دمتعت نأا لود���لل اهبجوبم زوجي يتلا لو���كوتوبرلا في ةدراولا ماك���حألا ءا���ب عر���فلا ث���حبيو .ة���ينطولا .اتقؤوم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا روبعو ريدس�تو دايرتس�ا نأاس�ب ةط ّ س�بم تاءارجإا اهيف رظنلا بجاولا ماكحألا -فلأا عرفلا ةرص�مص�لا ةطص�نأاو ةرص�امص�لا لمع -رص�ع س�داص�لا لص�فلا قيلعتلا يباقرلا ميظنتلا لجأا نم اماظن دعب ئس�نت لم يتلا لودلا نم لوكوتوبرلا نم 15 ةدالما يس�تقت يذلا لوكوتوبرلا في د���يحولا ض�نلا وه اذهو .ك���لذب ما���يقلا في ر���ظنت نأا ةر���س�امس�لا ة���طس�نأل .ماظنلا اذه ءاس�نإا اهيلع مزللا نم ض�يل هنأا نم مغرلاب ,هذيفنت في رظنلا لودلا ىلع ينعتي .ل مأا عيرس�تلا دمتعتس� تناك اذإا ام ررقتل لودلل فاطلما ةياهن في كوترم رمألا نإاف ,مث نمو دامتعا لىإا ىعس�ت نأا ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأاو ةرس�امس�لا لمع ميظنت ر ّ رقت يتلا لودلل يغبنيو ةرس�امس�لا لمع ميظنتل ماظنلا اذ���ه في اهجاردإا دس�ق لوكوتوبرلا في ا���هيلإا را���س�لما ير���بادتلا ابم ,ينل َّ جس�م مهس�فنأا ةرس�امس�لا نوكي نأا طترس�ت نأا ,لوأا ,لودلل نكيمو .ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأاو رودس� طترس�ت نأا لودلل نكيم ,ايناث .ةباقرلا نم ىندأا دلح مهتايلمع عاس�خإا ةيناكمإا لفكي نأا لودلل نكيم , ً اثلاث .راس�مس� لك اهب ع���لطس�ي ليوتح ةيلمع وأا ةقفس� لك���ل ل���قتس�م ض����يخرت لىإا لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةداملل اقبط اهرادس�إا بجي يتلا نوذألاو ض�خرلا في ةراس�إلا طترس�ت .ةلماس� وأا ةيمازلإا تس�يل ة���حترقلما يربادتلا هذهو .مهتيوهو ينينعلما ةر���س�امس�لا ل���مع ة���عيبط ,ةرس�امس�لاو ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ة���بقارلم تاعيرس�ت دامتعا ام ةلود راتخت ا���مثيحو ,ك���لذ م���غرو روبعلاو دايرتس�لاو ر���يدس�تلا طباوس�ل لماس�لا ا���هماظن عم ماك���حألا قا���س�تا ل���فكت نأا ي���غبني .تلجس�لا ظفحو 81/60 ةماعلا ةيعملجا رارقب لمع ئس�نأا يذلا ,ينيموكلحا ءابرلخا قيرف ريرقت لوانتو ةرس�مس�لا عنم لا���مج في ليودلا نواعتلا زيزعت لىإا ي���مرت ة���يفاس�إا تاو���طخ ذا���ختا في ر���ظنلل A/62/163( اهيلع ءاس�قلاو اهتحفاكمو ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا في ةعورس�لما يرغ اهليوتح نكيم يتلا ةيفاس�إلا تايس�وتلا نم اددع مدقو ليس�فتلا نم ديزبم ةلأاس�لما ,)Corr.1و 73 اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 74 لإا ,ةروس�لما ءادس�إا باب في لخدت ريرقتلا في ةدراولا تايس�وتلا نأا مغرو .ةيعيرس�ت ماكحأا لىإا .72/63 اهرارق في اهدامتعا ىلع لودلا تع َّ جس� ةماعلا ةيعملجا ّنأا ةيمرج ىلع ض�يس�نتلاب هعفس�ت نأا اس�يأا ّدوت اهّ لعلف ,ةرس�مس�لل اماظن ةلودلا تدمتعا اذإاو راطإا في راس�مس�لا ةيوه نع حاس�فإلا ةلودلا تطترس�ا اذإاو .ةعورس�لما يرغ ةرس�مس�لا لامعأاب قلعتت تامولعم يمدقتب ةلس�تلما ُ مئارلجا لمس�ت نأا نكميف ,ريدس�تلا/دايرتس�لاب نذإلا/ض�يخترلا ةيلمع نأاس�ب ةبولطلما تامولعلما يمدقت مدعب قلعتت ًةيمرج ض�خرلا بلط تارامتس�ا في ةل ِّ لس�م وأا ةئطاخ مئارلجا هذه ىلع ض�يس�نتلا ض�يلو .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 237 ةرقفلا رظنا( ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا يرايتخلا ض�نلا ىلع علطلل ,لوألا قفرلما في 72-70 داولما رظنا( لو���كوتوبرلا تا���يس�تقم ن���م قفرلما ىلع اس�يأا علطلا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل نكيمو .)ةرس�مس�لاب ةطبترلما مئارلجا نأاس�ب حترقلما .ةغايس�لا ةيلمع في دعاس�ت دق يتلا ىرخألا قئاثولاو كوكس�لا ض�وس�خب نياثلا ةرص�امص�لا ليجص�ت -فلأا ليجس�تلا طرس� -46 ةدالما جرد ُ ي[ في دجوي ض�خس� يأاو اهيف ينميقلما وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ينطاوم نم ض�خس� لك اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت وأا دايرتس�اب ةقلعتلما ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا في كراس�ي ]ةلودلا مس�ا .]ةنيعلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ىدل لجس�م نوكي اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو قيلعتلا ةلود ميلقإا لخاد ينلماعلا ةرس�امس�لا ليجس�ت لوكوتوبرلا نم 15 ةدالما نم )أا( 1 ةرقفلا حترقت . ً ايباقر ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ميظنتل ينطو ما���ظن اهنم ن ّ وكتي دق يتلا رس�انعلا د���حأا ه���فس�وب ,ا���م ذافنإا في ليجس�تلا تلجس� دعاس�ت نأاو ليوألا مييقتلل ةادأا ةرس�امس�لا ليجس�ت نوكي نأا نكيمو .ليودلا ىوتس�لما ىلع تامولعلما لدابت فيو ينطولا ىوتس�لما ىلع طباوس�لا ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم يذلا تامولعلما لجس� ُ مادختس�ا ,ةرس�امس�لا ل���يجس�تل ةيمس�رلا ةيلمعلا نم ًلد���ب ,ة���لودلل ن���كيم .ايلعف ليجس�ت هرابتعاب ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةس�راملم ةيدرف ةس�خر بلط ىدل راس�مس�لا هم ِّدقي
(i) Make;1 رايلخا
(ii) Model;ليجس�تلا ... ةدالما 54 ةداملل اقبط همّ لس�تيو ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازلم ]ابوتكم انذإا[ ةس�خر بلطي راس�مس� لك .اراس�مس� هرابتعاب ايئاقلت ل َّ جس�ي نوناقلا اذه نم75 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا ليجس�تلا بلط -47 ةدالما .]ةنيعلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ امهددتح نيذللا ةقيرطلاو لكس�لا بس�ح بلطلا مدقم لجس�ي ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم 1 رايلخا بس�ح( قفري نأا بجيو ]مقرلا/مس�لا جرد ُ ي[ ةرامتس�لا في راس�مس�ك ليجس�تلا بلط م ّدقي اس�خس� نوكي يذلا ه ُ م ِّدقم َ بلطلا عّقويو .]غلبلما جرد ُ ي[ اهردقو ةس�ورفلما موس�رلاب )ءاس�تقلا .ايرابتعا اس�خس� نوكي يذلا بلطلا مدقلم نيوناقلا لثملما وأا ايس�خس� ايعيبط 2 رايلخا
(iii) Calibre;ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ب موقي ض�خس� لك ]ةنيعلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ل ِّ جس�ت .]غلبلما جرد ُ ي[ اهردقو ةبولطلما موس�رلا )ءاس�تقلا دنع( يدؤويو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ]نذإلا[ ليجس�تلا يرياعم -48 ةدالما :يلي ا ّمم تدّكأات اذإا اراس�مس� هرابتعاب اس�خس� ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ل ِّ جس�ت ؛ثركأا وأا ةنس� ]ثركأا وأا ةلودلا في دس�رلا نس� جرد ُ ي[ بلطلا م ِّدقم غولب )أا( ؛بلطلا م ِّدقم ىدل ةيئانج قباوس� دوجو مدع )ب( ىفس�تس�م يأا لىإا ه���لاخدإا وأا ي���لقع ض����ربم ب���لطلا م ِّد���قم ة���باس�إا تو���بث مد���ع )ج( ؛ةيلقعلا ض�ارمألل دنبلا[ في ةف ّ رعم يه امك[ ةبقارملل ةعس�اخ ةدام يأل بلطلا م ِّدقم لامعتس�ا مدع )د( عورس�م يرغ ًلامعتس�ا ]ةبقارملل ةعس�الخا داو���لماب قلعتلما ينطولا ع���يرس�تلا ناو���نعو ة���لس�لا يذ ؛]اهيلع هنامدإا وأا ةبولطلما تامولعلما ض�خي اميف بذاك غلب يمدقتب ملع نع بلطلا م ِّدقم مايق مدع )�ه( ؛بلطلا ةرامتس�ا في بس�ح ,ىرخألا ليجس�تلا طورس�و ليجس�تلا بلط طورس� ب���لطلا م ِّد���قم ءا���فيتس�ا )و( ؛ءاس�تقلا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 76 ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم راطإا نمس� ةيئانج قباوس� وأا ,ةيئانج قباوس� دوجو لوحي ,)ب( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا لىإا ةراس�إلاب ,ىرخأا تايلو فيو .ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض�عب في راس�مس�ك ض�خس�لا ليجس�ت نود ,ددمح ينمز .ض�خس�لا ليجس�ت نود ةددمح ينناوق بجوبم مئارجب ماهتلا وأا ةنادإلا لوتح 1 رايلخا نمألاب ةلس�تلما تا���عيرس�تلا لثم[ بجوبم ة���يمرجب ب���لطلا م ِّد���قم م���هَّت ُ ي/ن َد ُ ي لم )ب( يطاعتب ةقلعتلما ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلاو ةو���س�رلاو داس�فلاب ةقلعتلما ة���ينطولا تا���عيرس�تلاو ي���نطولا في ةرس�مس�لاب ة���قلعتلما تاعيرس�تلاو يلئاعلا ف���نعلاب ة���قلعتلما ة���ينطولا تا���عيرس�تلاو تار ِّد���خلما ؛]اهريدس�تو اهدايرتس�او ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا 2 رايلخا بقاعي ةيمرج نأاس�ب ق���يقحتل عس�خي لم وأا ة���مكمح يأا في ب���لطلا م ِّد���قم ن َد��� ُ ي لم )ب( ؛]ةدحاو[ ةنس� رواجتت ةدلم نجس�لاب اهيلع 3 رايلخا
(iv) Name of the manufacturer;هليجس�ت بلط يمدقت لبق تاونس� ]ض�مخ[ نوس�غ في ,بلطلا م ِّد���قم باك���ترا مد���ع )ب(
(v) Serial number; andروبعو ريدس�تو دايرتس�او ةرس�مس�لاب ةقلعتلما تاعيرس�تلا في اهيلع اس�وس�نم ةيمرج ,راس�مس�ك
(vi) All markings;؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا
(f) Where the item destroyed is a part or component, a description of everyبلط م ِّدقم ] �ل نذإلا[ ليجس�ت مدع رارق ةعجارم -49 ةدالما
part or component destroyed, including:اهل يتلا ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد
(i) The type of part or component;ُ
(ii) Name of the manufacturer;ي[ لىإا بلط يمدقت راس�مس�ك ليجس�تلل ابلط م َّ
(iii) All markings;دق ض�خس�ل زوجي
(g) Where the item destroyed is ammunition, a description of all the ammunition destroyed, including:.ليجس�تلا بلط ض�فرب ض�يخترلا ةئيه رارق ةعجارلم ]ليجس�تلا تارارق ةعجارم ةيحلس�
(i) The type of ammunition; (ii) The lot number; (iii) Name of the manufacturer; (iv) All markings; [(h) Other.] Commentaryراس�مس�لا ليجس�ت ديدتجو ةحس� -50 ةدالما
There is no requirement under the Protocol that records be kept regarding firearms, theirاهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل راس�مس�ك ام ض�خس� ليجس�ت ةيحلس� دتتم -1
parts and components and ammunition that are confiscated and destroyed. However,؛]تاونس� ...[ ةترفل اهتيرخذو
recording destruction activities helps ensure that illicitly manufactured and trafficked firearms, their parts and components and ammunition are taken out of circulation (as requiredءاهتنا لبق ]مايأا/اموي ...[ بلط يمد���قت ىلع ءانب ديدجتلل ل���باق ل���يجس�تلا نو���كي -2 ؛هتيحلس� ةدم77 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
under the Protocol, article 6).ةداملل اقبط اديدج ابلط بلطلا م ِّدقم م ِّدقي ,ام ليجس�ت ةيحلس� ةدم تهتنا اذإا -3
3..
Administrative  requirementsنوناقلا اذه نم 47
Article 34. Information on licenseesتامولعلما في تايريغت عوقوب راعس�إلا -51 ةدالما
1. [Name of licensing authority] shall keep records of information regardingل
every person who holds a licence [to manufacture, import, export or broker] firearms,َّ جس�م راس�مس� اهم ّدق يتلا ]مايأا/اموي ...[ نوس�غ في يلي ابم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
their parts and components or ammunition, issued under this Law, including:Annex I. Additional considerations 115ُ
(a) Name of licensee;ي[ ل
(b) Date of birth;َّ جس�لما راس�مس�لا ر ِعس�
(c) Residential address of licensee;ُ
(d) A recent photograph of:ي
(i) In the case of a licence issued to a natural person, that person; or:هعوقو لاح في هعوقو نم
(ii) In the case of a body corporate, the responsible person;؛هليجس�ت في ةدراولا تامولعلما في مهم يريغت )أا(
(e) Fingerprints of:نجس�لاب اهيلع بقاعي ةيمرجب[ ليجس�تلاب ةلس�لا يوذ ض����اخس�ألا ن���م يأا ما���هتا )ب(
(i) In the case of a licence issued to a natural person, that person; or.اهب مهتنادإا وأا ]ماوعأا/اماع ... زواجتت ةدلم
(ii) In the case of a body corporate, the responsible person; andراس�مس�ك ليجس�تلا ءاغلإا -52 ةدالما :راس�مس�ك ليجس�تلا ىَغلي
[(f) Other.]؛لجس�لما ض�خس�لا بلط ىلع ءانب )أا( بلط في رظنلا دنع ةدوجوم وأا ة���فورعم تناك و���ل ,ةد���يدج ق���ئاقح ت���حس�تا اذإا )ب(
2. [Name of licensing authority] shall keep records of the information regarding the particulars of every licence issued under this Law, including:؛ض�خس�لا ليجس�ت ض�فر لىإا يدؤوتس� تناكل ,ةرم لوأل ليجس�تلا
(a) Place and date of issue of the licence;ريدس�تو دايرتس�اب ةقلعتلما ةلس�لا تاذ تاعيرس�تلل لجس�لما ض�خس�لا لثتيم لم اذإا )ج(
(b) Date of expiry of the licence;؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا روبعو ارظح كهتنا هنأا لوقعلما دود���ح في د���قتع
(c) Date of renewal(s) (where relevant);ُ ي ناك وأا ل��� ّ جس�لما ض����خس�لا ك���هتنا اذإا )د( وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
(d) Date of suspension (where relevant);ُ ي[ �ل ام ِزلم ايميلقإا ارظح وأا ,نمألا ض�لمج نم ةحلس�ألا ىلع اس�ورفم ام ِزلم
(e) Date of cancellation (where relevant);؛ةحلس�ألا ىلع اس�ورفم اينطو ارظح وأا ,هيلإا مامس�نلا ىلع ةيعاوط ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
(f) The licensed activity;ُ
(g) Physical address of the business premises to which the licence applies;ي[ تقفاو
(h) A summary of the storage requirements applicable to the licence set out
in [insert annex detailing storage requirements or the name of the subsidiary orّ
other regulations governing safe storage at the time of manufacture];جس�لما يعيبطلا ض�خس�لا فيوت وأا ل
(i) Any restrictions that may apply to the licence; andّ
(j) Any conditions that may apply to the licence.جس�لما يرابتعلا ض�خس�لا
Article 35. Information collected through inspectionsّل
[Name of licensing authority] shall keep records of information collected throughُ ح اذإا )�ه(
inspections conducted under this Law.تلجس�لا ظفح -53 ةدالما
Commentaryاذه نم ض�مالخا لس�فلل اقبط تلجس� لس�فلا اذ���ه بجوبم ل���
Where actors other than the State have primary responsibility for record-keeping, theَّ
State should retain records of information collected through licence applications andجس�لما را���س�مس�لا ظ���فحي
inspections (see annex I, article 34 (Information on licensees) and 35 (Information.نوناقلا
collected through inspections)).116 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionقيلعتلا
Article 36. Format of recordsةرس�امس�لا ة���بلاطم نا���مس� ا���هيلع ين���عتي ,ةر���س�امس�لا ة���طس�نأا م���يظنت ة���لودلا را���تخت ا���مثيح
Option 1تل���جس�لا ظ���فح في ر���ظنت نأا ا���س�يأا ا���م ة���لودل ن���كيم ا���مك .تل���جس�لا ظ���فحب ا���س�يأا اهتيرخذو اهتان
All records retained in accordance with this Law/section shall be maintained inّ
electronic form.وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 78
Option 2ة���طس�نأا ة���لوازبم م���هبلط ض����ف
All records retained in accordance with this Law/section shall be maintained inُ
electronic form or in such a way that allows the provision of prompt responses to requests for assistance in tracing firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.ر ن���يذلا وأا م���هليجس�ت ي���غلأا ن���يذلا ةر���س�امس�لاب ة���قلعتلما
Commentary.ةرس�مس�لا
As noted in paragraph 124 of the Legislative Guide:ةرص�مص�لا ةطص�نأا ةلوازبم ]نذإلا[ س�يخترلا -ءاب
“There is no requirement that the records be computerized, but the use of automatedةرس�مس�لاب ض�يخرت ىلع لوس�لحا طرس� -54 ةدالما
record-keeping, where feasible, will assist countries in meeting their obligations toيأا وأا اهيف ين���ميقلما وأا ]ةلودلا م���س�ا جرد���
respond promptly to tracing requests ...”ُ
Option 2 is included in recognition of the fact that it may be difficult for some Statesي[ ي���نطاوم ن���م ض����خس� يأل زو���جي ل -1
to keep the records in automated form, although this should be the preferred methodةكراس�لما حاترقا وأا ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةس�رامم ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
(see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 124).ُ
Article 37. Access to recordsي[ ةيلول ينعس�الخا نم ض�خس�
Every person who is required to ensure that a record is kept or to keep a recordةس�خر ىلع اقبس�م لوس�لحا نود هلخاد وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
under this chapter, shall, on demand made by an enforcement officer:ُ
(a) Produce the record to that officer and permit that officer to inspect andي[ ميلقإا نم ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن في
make copies of any entries in it;ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لقنل تاقفس� نأاس�ب ض�وافتلل ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
(b) Permit that officer to inspect all firearms, their parts and components andُ
ammunition in the possession of that person; andي[
(c) Furnish to that officer any information in that person’s possession withًةباتك اهردس�ت ]نذإا[
respect to any firearm, its parts and components or ammunition that has been manufactured, purchased or received under the authority of the person’s licence or thatوأا ,رخآا دلبو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
the person has in his or her possession or has sold or otherwise transferred orُ
repaired under the authority of a licence. Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol that States must ensure they have access to records maintained by licence holders. However, in order to respond to tracing requests and to ensure compliance with record-keeping obligations, it is necessary for the relevant authority to have the power to access records. This is especially important where the State itself does not maintain records in a centralized location, but instead requires authorized entities and individuals to retain records in accordance with the requirements of the Protocol.Annex I. Additional considerations 117 The OSCE “Best practice guide on marking, record-keeping and traceability of small arms and light weapons” notes (section IV, page 8) that all information kept by manufacturers, importers and so on under the record-keeping scheme established by a State “shall be made available to competent national authorities if requested by national law”. The OAS Model Legislation and Commentaries for Strengthening Controls at Export Points for Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials notes that, where manufacturers are required to keep records of all products manufactured and those placed in commerce, “these records would be required to be made available to government inspectors and be updated periodically, at least every three months” (commentary to article 5). In its report on problems arising from the accumulation of conventional ammunition stockpiles in surplus (A/63/182, paragraph 31) the Group of Governmental Experts also notes that, as part of the inspection regimes necessary for ensuring the safety, reliability and operational effectiveness of ammunition within national stockpiles, it is necessary to have “access to master sample records held by the manufacturer of the ammunition in question”. This would suggest that manufacturers of ammunition should be required to retain such records and grant access to inspectors. Consideration should be also given to the examples of existing provisions within the European Union framework (e.g. Council regulation (EC) No. 428/2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items, as well as the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union implementing article 10 of the United Nations Firearms Protocol and establishing export authorization, import and transit measures for firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. This legislation would bring the Union’s legislation into line with article 10 of the Firearms Protocol and refers to the need to take necessary and proportionate measures to enable the competent national authorities: (a) to gather information on any order or transaction involving firearms, their parts and essential components and ammunition; and (b) to establish that the export control measures are being properly applied, which may include in particular the power to enter the premises of persons with an interest in an export transaction).ي[ ينب اهل تابيترت عس�و وأا اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكم وأا اهئازجأا وأا
Article 38..
Reports to be submittedرخآا ثلاث دلب يأا وأا ثلاث دلب ينب
Every person that is required to keep a record under this chapter shall submitاهيف ينميقلما وأا ]ة���لودلا مس�ا جرد���
details of every record maintained to [name of competent authority] within [timeُ
frame, e.g. quarterly returns]. Commentary The Protocol does not contain an explicit requirement that licensed individuals and entities submit reports of their activities. However, article 7 of the Protocol requires States to ensure the maintenance of information that is necessary to trace and identify illicitly manufactured or trafficked firearms. In order to be able to trace firearms effectively, States need up-to-date information on transactions involving the firearms in question. Article 39. Storage of records All records required by this Law to be kept shall be kept in a place of safekeeping [on the premises specified in the licence].118 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol for States to keep or require authorized individuals and entities to keep records in a safe or secure place. If States do include this provision, they may also want to specify the nature of the safe storage requirements (e.g. in a locked receptacle). Article 40. Submission of records upon cessation of business Where the holder of a licence to manufacture, import or export firearms, their parts and components or ammunition ceases to carry on business as a manufacturer, importer or exporter of firearms, their parts and components or ammunition, that person shall submit all records maintained in accordance with this chapter to the [name of competent authority] within [14 days] after cessation of the business. Commentary Source: Article 13 of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons stipulates that States will require that records pertaining to small arms and light weapons held by companies that go out of business be forwarded to the State. No time frame is stipulatedي[ ي���نطاوم ن���م بر���تعي ض����خس� يأل زو���جي ل -2
in the International Tracing Instrument. Article 41. National database Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol for States to establish and maintain a national or centralized database for storing all the records to be kept by the State. However, keeping records in a central location, in electronic form, will help ensure that information is easily accessible by state agencies that are investigating illicit activities and ensures that information can be easily updated. The quality and utility of a national database will depend on a State’s financial and technical capacity to maintain such a database and the amount of data inputted into the database. It may also depend on the scale of operations. For instance, if a State is comprised of many regions and/or there are many agencies that would require access to such a database, it may be more appropriate to maintain several, smaller regional databases. D. Import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition Commentary Beyond the mandatory requirements in article 10, the Protocol does not specify the form that the system of licensing or authorization of import and export must take (guidance on this is available in the International Small Arms Control Standards, module 03.20, “National controls over the international transfer of small arms and light weapons”). The Protocol also requires that States establish measures on international transit. This section Annex I. Additional considerations 119 provides suggestions that drafters can consider to supplement the mandatory provisions of the Protocol. These provisions might go into the legislation itself or into regulations orهلخاد وأا رخآا دلب ميلقإا نم ةرس�مس� طاس�ن في ةكراس�لما حاترقا وأا ةرس�مس� طاس�ن يأا ةس�رامم
secondary legislation. 1.  Registration  of  importers and  exporters Article 42. Registration requirement Any person who is an importer or exporter of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shall register with/by [name of licensing/competent authority]. Commentary One option for a State seeking measures to enhance the accountability and security of its import and export system (in accordance with article 10, paragraph 5, of the Protocol) is to require companies or individuals wishing to import or export firearms, their parts and components and ammunition to register with the relevant government authority. Registration is primarily a means to provide a State with the necessary information on who is involved in certain exporting and importing activities and would be a precondition to the issuance of any individual import or export licence. The Protocol presupposes the existence of a licensing/competent authority by virtue of article 10, paragraphs 1 and 2. Whether the licensing authority or some other State authority is to process and register or decline registration of importers and exporters is at the discretion of the State. Where registration of importers and exporters of other conventional weapons is already required, the legislation could be extended to ensure that it includes exporters and importers of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Article 43. Registration application The applicant shall register in the form and manner prescribed by [name of licensing/competent authority]. Commentary Using a legally prescribed form should ensure that the competent authority has all the necessary information to enable it to determine eligibility for registration. The form could include a requirement for the applicant to provide a photograph of him- or herself and a full set of fingerprints. Drafting note These provisions might be included in regulations or secondary legislation detailing the registration application process. Option 1 An application for registration shall be filed on form [name/number] and shall be accompanied by the required fee of [amount]. An application shall be signed by 120 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition an applicant who is a natural person personally or by the legal representative of an applicant who is a legal person. Option 2 Every person who engages in the business of exporting or importing firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition shall register with [name of designated authority] and shall pay the required fee of [amount]. Article 44. Registration criteria [Name of licensing/competent authority] shall register a person as an importer or exporter of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition if it is satisfied that: (a) The applicant is of or above the age of [State’s age of majority or above]; (b) The applicant does not have a criminal record; (c) The applicant has not been adjudicated as mentally ill or been committed to any mental institution; (d) The applicant is not an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance [as defined in [relevant section and title of national legislation on controlled substances]];.ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا في ةدراولا طورس�لل لاثتملا نود
(e) The applicant has not knowingly made any false statement or representation with respect to the information required on the application form;قّقحتلا بلط ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
(f) The applicant has met such registration application requirements andُ
other registration requirements as deemed relevant.ي[ �ل زوجي ,]نذإلا[ ةس�خرلا رادس�إا لبق -3
Drafting note With reference to subparagraph (b), in some jurisdictions the existence of any criminal record or a criminal record within a particular time frame prohibits a person to register as an importer or exporter. In others, conviction or indictment of offences under specified acts will prohibit a person from being registered. Option 1 (b) The applicant has not been convicted of or indicted for an offence in accordance with [e.g. the national security legislation, national substance abuse legislation, national domestic violence legislation or legislation relating to the import, export and transit of firearms]; Option 2 (b) The applicant has not been convicted in any court of or is not under indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year; Annex I. Additional considerations 121 Option 3 (b) Within [five] years before the decision to enter the person in the register, the applicant has not violated legislation relating to the import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; Option 4 (b) If the applicant has any previous criminal record concerning trafficking in firearms, their parts and components or ammunition, or other serious crimes. Article 45. Review of a decision not to register an applicant A person who has submitted an application to register as an importer or exporter may apply to [name of body authorized to review licensing decisions] for a review of a decision of [name of licensing/competent authority] denying an application for registration. Article 46. Validity of registration and renewal 1. Registration of a person as an importer or exporter of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition shall be valid for [... years]. 2. Registration shall be renewable upon application [... days/... months] prior to its expiration. 3. If a registration has expired, the applicant shall file a new application in accordance with [annex I, article 43 (Registration application)]. Commentary State practice shows that generally the duration of an importer or exporter registration is between one and five years, though it is at the State’s discretion how long a registration should be valid for. Some systems allow the applicant to choose the length of time and pay a corresponding differentiated fee. A State should consider its administrative capacity to implement a renewal system and choose a time frame accordingly. The renewal of registration should be long enough to allow the licensing authority sufficient time to consider the application and make the necessary inquiries. Article 47. Notification of changes in information furnished by a registered importer or exporter A registered importer or exporter shall, within [... days] of the event, notify [name of relevant authority] if:122 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionةبولطلما قئاثولا نم لس�ألا قبط خس�ن وأا ةيلس�ألا خس�نلا يمدقت للخ نم ةمدقلما تامولعلما نم
(a) There is a material change in the information set forth in their registration;.
orبلطلا معدل
(b) Any of the persons pertaining to the registration are indicted for or convicted of [an offence under [reference to particular legislation]] [a crime punishableقيلعتلا
by imprisonment]. Article 48. Cancellation of registration as an importer or exporter A registration as an importer or exporter shall be cancelled: (a) At the request of the registered person; (b) If new facts become evident that, had they been known or existed at the time of the review of the initial application for registration, would have resulted in a refusal to register the person; (c) If the registered person fails to comply with the relevant legislation relating to the import, export and transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; (d) If the registered person contravenes the provisions of a binding United Nations Security Council arms embargo, a regional arms embargo either binding on [name of State] or to which [name of State] has voluntarily consented to adhere or a national arms embargo; (e) If the registered legal person is dissolved or the registered natural person dies. Article 49. Record-keeping A person registered under this chapter shall maintain records in accordance with the requirements in chapter V of this Law. 2.   Licensing  [authorization] of  import,  export and  transit of firearms, their parts and  components and ammunition Article 50. Requirement for an import, export or transit licence [authorization] 1. A person shall apply for a licence [authorization] to [name of licensing authority] for the export or import of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition in the form and manner prescribed by [name of licensing authority]. 2. No person may carry in transit through [name of State] any firearms, their parts and components or ammunition without an in-transit [licence] [authorization] issued in the form and manner prescribed by [name of licensing authority].Annex I. Additional considerations 123 Commentary This provision creates a requirement for an import, export or transit licence or authorization. However, the Protocol does not specifically require that transit activity be licensed, only that measures be taken on international transit of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition and that in accordance with Protocol article 10, paragraph 2 (b), transit States have given notice in writing that they have no objection to the transit. It is at the discretion of States to choose the appropriate system of licensing for import andيربادت ن���م هرا���بتعاب ةر���س�مس�لاب نذإلا وأا ض����يخترلا 15 ةدا���لما ن���م )ب( 1 ةر���قفلا حتر���قت
export and measures for international transit. In practice, States implement a range of systems to licence or authorize imports, exports or transit. For example, some States use a system of open licences valid for a set time period and applicable only for the import, export and transit of civilian weapons within a particular economic trading group. An open licence system is also used to allow import, export or transit of civilian weapons to a defined list of States with the requirement to receive authorization for the shipment prior to the export by submitting information as to the type, calibre, serial numbers, customers, licence reference and so on. Such procedures must be an exception to the general system of import, export and transit licensing or authorization, apply only where there is a pre-existing agreement between the States involved and still involve rigorous oversight by state authorities. It is at the discretion of States to choose the appropriate licensing system. States can also consider allowing, in limited circumstances, multiple export authorizations. “Multiple authorization” means an authorization granted to one specific exporter for multiple shipments to the same end-user or consignee in a third State and covering one or more firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; once again this must be an exception and rigorous oversight by state authorities is a must. Some States also incorporate different procedures into conventional weapons legislation, such as in a conventional arms act. Such procedures, which could also pertain to firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, are to address particular circumstances within a defined grouping of States, where one State is providing one component of a final piece of equipment produced in another country. The procedure allows States providing the components to use an international certificate of importation as opposed to an end-use certificate. In Europe, for example, this system is called C2I. Drafting note Where a State has chosen to include section 1 (Registration of importers and exporters) in its legislation, the following provision should be added to this article: Each person applying for a licence to import or export firearms, their parts and components and ammunition internationally shall be registered [authorized] as an importer or exporter of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Applications  for  an  export or  import  licence  [authorization] Commentary Setting out a form to process export and import transactions will be needed to gather the information required by article 10, paragraph 3, of the Protocol. As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 103), the use of a legally prescribed form will assist in the decision-making process. For example, the omission of any of the information required on an application form means that the partially completed form would not constitute a formally valid application for the required registration application. Such an application could not lawfully be considered by decision makers and the refusal to do so would not 124 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition be a matter of discretion nor a decision that could be appealed to an administrative tribunal or the general courts. If providing false or misleading information is also criminalized, then the completion of the document would also form the basis of a prosecution. Using a form should also ensure that the competent authority has all the necessary information to enable it to determine eligibility for an export licence. Depending on the style of drafting, the legislation itself or accompanying regulations should detail the exact application procedure, documentation and fee required by an applicant for an export licence or authorization. Other than the in-transit authorization (where applicable) and a copy of the import licence or authorization document, the content of these application procedures are optional and it is left to the discretion of the Stateراس�مس�لا ةيس�نج دلب في ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا متت نأا نكيمو .ةرس�مس�لا ة���طس�نأل ي���باقرلا م���يظنتلا
to decide on the content and the degree of detail necessary for its legislative or regulatory framework. In accordance with article 10, paragraph 5, of the Protocol, the moreةرورس�لاب ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا بر
comprehensive the framework, the more secure the licensing or authorization proceduresْ
will be. Article 51. Application for an export licence [authorization] The applicant shall apply for a licence for an export of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority]. Option 1 (Regulation provision) An application for a licence for an export of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition must be submitted on form [name/number] and accompanied by the required fee of [amount]. The application must be signed and dated and must contain the information requested on the form, including: (a) Name of exporter, address, telephone number [and registration (authorization) number, if any (including expiration date)]; (b) If the exporter is not the manufacturer, the source of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition, including name, address and telephone number; (c) If the exporter is not the manufacturer, the manufacturer’s name and address and country of manufacture of the items under consideration; (d) Where the items have already been manufactured, a description of the firearms and/or parts and components and/or ammunition for export, including (as applicable) the calibre, gauge or size, the model, the quantity, the value of the items, [and the serial numbers if known]; (e) Where the items are still to be manufactured, as much detail on the proposed items for export as available at the time of application; (f) Name and address of the importer; (g) Where known, the name and address of the final end-user if different from the consignee; (h) As known at the time of application, the name and address of any other party to be involved in the transaction; Annex I. Additional considerations 125 (i) An end-user certificate in the manner stipulated in [annex I, article 61 (End-user certificates)]; (j) Any other information as required by the application form; (k) Where a State chooses to establish a system for regulating the activities of those who engage in brokering, pursuant to article 15, subparagraph (c), of the Protocol, a State could require disclosure on export licence [authorization] applications or accompanying documents of the names and locations of brokers involved in the transaction.عت لو .ر���خآا د���لب في م���تت نأا ن���كيم ا���مك ؛ه���ليجس�ت وأا ه���تماقإا وأا
Option 2 (Legislation provision) An application for a licence for an export of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition must be made in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority] and shall include the following information: [see option 1, subparagraphs (a)-(k)]. Article 52. Application for an import licence [authorization] The applicant shall apply for a licence for an import of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority]. Option 1 (Regulation provision) An application for a licence for an import of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition must be submitted on form [name/number] and accompanied by the required fee of [amount]. The application must be signed and dated and must contain the information requested on the form, including: (a) Name of importer, address, telephone number [and registration number, if any (including expiration date)]; (b) The country from which the article(s) is (are) to be imported; (c) The name, address and telephone number of the foreign seller and exporter of the firearms and/or parts and components and/or ammunition, including name, address and telephone number; (d) Description of the firearms and/or parts and components and/or ammunition for import, including (as applicable) the calibre, gauge or size, the model, the quantity, the value of the items [and the serial numbers if known]; (e) The specific purpose of importation and, if known, name and address of the final recipient (if different from the importer); (f) As known at the time of application, the name and address of any other party to be involved in the transaction; (g) Any other information as required by the application form; (h) Where a State chooses to establish a system for regulating the activities of those who engage in brokering, pursuant to article 15, paragraph 1 (c), of the 126 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Protocol, a State could require disclosure on import licence [authorization] applications or accompanying documents of the names and locations of brokers involved in the transaction. Option 2 (Legislation provision) An application for a licence for an import of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition must be made in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority] and shall include the following information: [seeةيكلم ىلع ةرورس�لاب راس�مس�لا لس�حي ل ا���مك ,ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن هيف يرجي يذ���لا د���لبلا م���يلقإا
option 1, subparagraphs (a)-(h)]. Article 53. Conditional export licence [authorization] 1. Where the in-transit authorization and/or the copy of the import licence or authorization documentation are not available at the time of application for an export licence, [name of licensing authority] may issue a conditional export licence or authorization requiring the exporter to provide a copy of the in-transit authorization to [name of licensing authority] at any point prior to the shipment of the export. 2. On confirmation by [name of licensing authority] of receipt of the in-transit authorization and import licence or authorization documentation for the export in question, the export licence should be valid for use. Commentary Article 10, paragraph 2 (a) and (b), of the Protocol states that no export licence or authorization shall be issued before verification that “the importing States have issued import licences or authorization” and “that the transit States have, at a minimum, given notice in writing, prior to shipment, that they have no objection to the transit”. However, it may happen that at the time of applying for an export licence, the exporter is unable to provide the transit authorization. The exporter may also not be able to supply a copy of the import licence or authorization because either: (a) it is not available at the time of application; or (b) the transaction is with a Government that would not itself issue an import licence or authorization if the goods in question were for its own use. In order to maintain compliance with article 10, paragraph 2 (a) and (b), of the Protocol, this draft article permits an import authorization to include an official document that serves as authorization of the import (for example, an end-user certificate or an international import certificate) to accommodate those circumstances where no import licence would be issued. This draft article allows for a conditional export licence to address the commercial reality that certain documentation will not be available at the time of application, but ensures that the mandatory provisions of the Protocol are fulfilled by adding a condition to the licence that does not permit it to be used to export until the exporter has submitted all the necessary documentation. Such conditional authorization does not replace the export licence and should be valid for a limited time period and an export licence would not be valid until receipt of the in-transit authorization or import licence or authorization has been confirmed. Drafters can also consider those situations where the reply from a transit State is not provided in a timely manner or is never provided. In those cases—in particular with regard to shipment of firearms of a lower level of danger with regard to their use (for example, hunting or sport shooting firearms)—feasible provisions should be considered. In all cases Annex I. Additional considerations 127 the spirit of the Protocol provision on transit, namely, to make it possible for the transit State to be aware of the transit via its territory and the possibility for this latter of taking action to ensure any possible control aimed at avoiding diversion, should be maintained. A maximum period for permitting the transit State to react could also be considered.ض�اخس�ألا ى���لع ةيئاس�قلا ا���هتيلو ةس�رامبم ة���لودلل م���كلحا اذ���ه ح���مس�يو .ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
Article 54. Transit licences The applicant shall apply for a licence for the transit of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority]. Commentary Suggested provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraphs 1, 2 and 5. While the Protocol requires only that transit countries not object to the movement of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition across their territory, States may wish to consider developing a licence or authorization permitting transit movements in order to promote consistency and to deter the production of false documentation. The creation of such forms promotes security. For some States individual transit licences would not be issued in every instance of transit activity, particularly if the items were coming from certain countries or going to certain others, though other “measures” might be required, such as some other form of written authorization. It is at the discretion of the State as to the method chosen to obtain confirmation in writing that the transit State has no objection to the transit. This provision is suitable where a State chooses to implement a transit licence system. The form and manner of issuance and the information required on a transit licence application form is at the discretion of the State. Option 1 (Regulation provision) An application for a licence for the transit of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition through [name of State] shall be submitted on form [name/number] and (if applicable) accompanied by the required fee of [amount]. The application shall be signed and dated and shall contain the information requested on the form, including: (a) Name of applicant, address and telephone number; (b) Particulars of the intended transport route and mode of transport, the proposed entry and exit and likely date of the entry and exit, to the extent known at the time of application; (c) Expected duration and location of shipment while in bond (if applicable); (d) Description of the firearms and/or parts and components and/or ammunition to be transited, including (as applicable): the calibre, gauge or size, the model, the quantity, the value of the items [and the serial numbers if known];128 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (e) Final destination of the firearms. This should be clearly demonstrated through an export licence, end-use certificate or other official documentation showing the final destination and the legal authority for the items to be imported into the country of final destination. An end-user certificate as contemplated in [annex I, article 61 (End-user certificates)] when the items are intended for resale in theعيس�وتو اهميلقإا نم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في رس�مس�ت يتلا تانايكلاو
country of final destination; (f) A consignment note of the items to be carried in transit through [name of State]; (g) Any other information as required by the application form; (h) Where a State chooses to establish a system for regulating the activities of those who engage in brokering, pursuant to article 15, paragraph 1 (c), of the Protocol, a State could require disclosure on transit licence [authorization] applications or accompanying documents of the names and locations of brokers involved in the transaction. Option 2 (Legislation provision) An application for a licence for the transit of firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition must be made in the prescribed form and manner to [name of licensing authority] and shall include the following information: [see option 1, subparagraphs (a)-(h)]. Article 55. Criteria for assessing an export licence application [Name of competent authority] shall consider an export licence application on a case-by-case basis and shall not issue such a licence [authorization]: (a) To persons or groups known to be engaged in domestic or transnational criminal activities, including illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, or who have previous records of such criminal involvement; (b) Where the export would breach an arms embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council; (c) Where the intended destination or other factors suggests that the item(s) will be used in or contribute to an ongoing insurgency or armed conflict; (d) Where the export would contravene international commitments of [name of State], in particular in relation to arms embargoes adopted by multilateral, regional and subregional organizations to which [name of State] is a party, or agreements of non-proliferation, small arms or other arms control and disarmament agreements to which [name of State] is a party. Commentary The Protocol does not require restrictions on firearms for the purposes of domestic controls nor does it contain import and export criteria for security or arms control purposes Annex I. Additional considerations 129 (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 108). However, many States already have provisions in their national legislation on the export of military conventional weapons that set out the criteria under which licence applications will be assessed for approval or refusal. Such provisions would not normally appear in legislation dealing solely with firearms, but States may have obligations under one of the numerous multilateral, regional and subregional documents that provide detailed criteria to consider a licence application. For example, the OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons states (section III (b), paragraph 2 (b)) that “participating States will avoid issuing an export licence where it deems there is a clear risk that the small arms in question might”, for example: Be used for the violation or suppression of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Prolong or aggravate an existing armed conflict, taking into account the legitimate requirement for self-defence, or threaten compliance with international law governingةطس�نأاب مو���قت امدنع تاكرس�لاو ا���هب ينمئادلا ين���ميقلماو ا���هاياعر ل���مس�تل ة���يئاس�قلا ا���هتيلو
the conduct of armed conflict. Endanger peace, create an excessive and destabilizing accumulation of small arms or otherwise contribute to regional instability. Be either re-sold (or otherwise diverted) within the recipient country or re-exported for purposes contrary to the aims of the Document. Be used for the purpose of repression. Support or encourage terrorism. Facilitate organized crime. Other multilateral, regional and subregional documents include the Wassenaar Best Practice Guidelines for Exports of Small Arms and Light Weapons; the European Union Common Position defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment; and the ECOWAS Convention. Drafters can consider applying these obligations to their legislation for implementing the Firearms Protocol. The Legislative Guide (paragraph 108) also suggests other criteria States can consider. Drafters should ensure that legislation implementing the Protocol is not inconsistent with these policies and legislation and that administrative measures are consistent. States should also consider which is the appropriate competent authority (or authorities) to assess and decide on export licence applications as this often involves broader policy decisions and therefore it might not be appropriate that the licensing authority be given this responsibility. Article 56. Conditions imposed on an import, export or transit licence [authorization] 1. An import, export or transit licence [authorization] is subject to conditions imposed by [name of licensing authority]. 2. The licence shall not be transferred to another person. Commentary Conditions imposed on a licence or authorization can increase the security and authenticity of the licensing or authorization documents in line with article 10, paragraph 5, of the Protocol. States must also take appropriate measures to require the security of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition at the time of import, export and transit (Protocol, article 11, subparagraph (a)). A State can impose a range of conditions 130 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition on a licence, depending on the nature of the weapons, the quantity, final destination and so on. This could include, for example, imposing conditions on storage or requiring delivery verification. Through customs/border control legislation, States would also be able to physically inspect items once they arrive in their jurisdiction. Conditions on an export licence relating to transport As an additional condition on an export licence, a State may also require that information on the transport of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition be provided to [name of licensing authority] just before the goods are actually exported (as this information will not be available at the time of applying for or issuing of an export licence). Such information on transport could include: The air carrier and freight forwarding agent involved in the transportationرظنلا فرس�ب ةر���س�مس�لا ةطس�نأا م���كلحا اذ���ه ل���مس�ي ا���مك .جرا���لخاب ة���حلس�ألا في ةر���س�مس�لا
The civil or military aircraft registration The flight route to be used and planned stopovers Records of previous similar transfers by air Proof of compliance with existing national legislation or international agreements relating to the transport of dangerous goods Article 57. Duties of the holder of a licence 1. The licensee shall comply with the relevant record-keeping requirements in [chapter V of the Law]. 2. The licensee shall notify [name of licensing authority] of: (a) Any change in address [of the premises where the licensee carries on the business], within [... days]; (b) Any theft or loss of any item from the licensee’s premises identified on the licence, within [24 hours/... days] of the licensee becoming aware of such theft or loss; (c) Any significant change in the storage facilities used by the licensee, within [... days]. Article 58. Inspection 1. The licensee shall at the request of [any police official and other relevant authorities] [any police officer or other person as may be prescribed by the regulations] produce for inspection, at any reasonable time: (a) His or her licence; (b) Any firearms, their parts and components and ammunition in his or her possession or under his or her control; (c) Any information and records held by the licensee in accordance with [chapter V of the Law]. Annex I. Additional considerations 131 2. [Any police official and other relevant authorities] [Any police officer or other person as may be prescribed by the regulations] may inspect, at any reasonable time, the licensee’s facilities for the storage of the firearms, their parts and components and ammunition in the licensee’s possession. Article 59. Validity of an import, export or transit licence [authorization] 1. A specific period of validity shall be assigned to an import, export or transit licence [authorization] by [name of licensing authority]. 2. An import, export or transit licence [authorization] expires: (a) On the date specified in the licence; (b) If surrendered by the holder of the licence to [name of licensing authority] prior to the date specified in the licence. 3. The period of validity of an import, export or transit licence [authorization] may be extended on application to and approval from [name of licensing authority]. 4. Applications for extensions of the period of validity shall be submitted in writing to [name of licensing authority] before the expiry date lapses, otherwise aنأا لودلل نكيمو .ةر���س�مس�لا طاس�ن اهيف يرجي ي���تلا ةلودلا م���يلقإا فا���نس�ألا ت
new licence [authorization] application will be required.َ
Commentaryبر���
The period of validity for a licence [authorization] should be of sufficient duration to ensureَ
that the transfer can be completed. Some jurisdictions suggest that licences should beع اذإا ا���مع
valid for a minimum of one year. Article 60. Revocation of a licence [Name of licensing authority] may, by written notice, revoke an import, export or transit licence if the licence holder: (a) No longer qualifies to hold the licence; (b) Has contravened or failed to comply with any provision of this Law or any condition specified in the licence; (c) If new facts become evident that, had they been known or existed at the time of the review of the initial application for licensing [authorization], would have resulted in a refusal to licence [authorize] the import, export or transit licence [authorization]; (d) If the licensed [authorized] person contravenes the provisions of a binding United Nations Security Council arms embargo, a regional arms embargo either binding on [name of State] or to which [name of State] has voluntarily consented to adhere to a national arms embargo; 132 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (e) If the licensed [authorized] person is convicted of the offence of trafficking in firearms, their parts and components or ammunition or other serious offences; (f) There has been a material change in circumstances since the licence was issued. Article 61. End-user certificates Whenever firearms, their parts and components and ammunition are exported, the exporter shall ask the importer to obtain from a person authorized by the Government of the importing State a certificate setting out: (a) The exporter’s details, including name, address and business name; (b) End-user information, including name, position, full address and original signature; (c) Country of final destination; (d) A detailed description (type, quantity, characteristics) of the exported firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition, their quantity and value; (e) The signature, name and function of the end-user; (f) The date of the end-user certificate; (g) The authorization to issue the certificate in question. Drafting note A State may have separate conventional arms legislation that broadly addresses theرظنا( ةماع ةس�خر وأا ةر���س�مس� ةقفس� لكل ةس�خر راد���س�إا طاترس�ا
trade in conventional weapons. This legislation may make reference to an end-user certificate as a required document. If such legislation exists, reference could be made directlyّ
to that provision. Option 1 Whenever firearms, their parts and components and ammunition are exported, an end-user certificate as contemplated in section [...] of the [conventional arms control act] shall accompany the export licence application. End­user Where an importer will resell the goods on the local market, the importer generally shall be regarded as the end-user. Other requirements At its discretion, a State can choose to require further information on an end-user certificate. This could include: (a) A description of the end-use of the firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition;Annex I. Additional considerations 133 (b) Assurances that re-export of imported firearms and/or their parts and components and/or ammunition can take place only after receiving a written authorization from [original exporting State]; (c) Certification by the relevant government authorities, according to national practice, as to the authenticity of the end-user. The certification must include the date, name, title and original signature of the authorizing official; (d) An undertaking that proof of importation will be supplied, by means of a delivery verification certificate. Article 62. Delivery verification States can consider these options for text in addition to article 30 of the Model Law: Option 1دو���ت ت���ناك اذإا ا���م ر
After each shipment of firearms, parts and components or ammunition covered by an export licence, within a period of [...] months, the exporter shallِّ
provide to [name of licensing authority] proof of their arrival in the authorizedر���قت
country of destination and proof of place and date of arrival at the consignee’s.)هاندأا 57 ةدالما79 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
premises. Option 2 An exporter shall retain the original export licence, the relevant bill of lading or airway bill, packing list(s) and exporter invoice pertaining to the firearms, their parts and components or ammunition stated on the export licence for a period of [...] months and shall produce the documents for inspection whenever required to do so by [name of relevant authority]. Article 63. Database on exporters, importers [and brokers] 1. A national database to be administered by [name of designated authority] shall contain information on persons that operate as exporters and importers [and brokers]. At a minimum, the database shall contain: (a) Names of all registered exporters and importers [and brokers] and pertinent information contained in the registration application; (b) Details of import and export [and brokering activity] licence applications, both approved and declined, and details on the recipient of the firearms and the final end-users.134 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition 2. Such records shall be kept for a minimum of [10] years. Commentary Suggested provision Source: Protocol, article 7. If a State chooses to establish a national database it should be aligned to the recordkeeping requirements established or adopted under chapter V of the Law. Where a State chooses to implement controls on brokers and brokering activities, it could also include those records within the database. In its report on brokering (A/62/163 and Corr.1, paragraph 40), the Group of Governmental Experts notes that most States keep data regarding persons or entities having obtained a licence to perform brokering activities and transactions for the duration that they deem necessary. If a State chooses to establish a database, it should include information pertaining to those persons registered as brokers, importers and exporters (where registration is required) and details of all received licence applications for brokering activities, imports and exports of firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, whether approved or not. Such a database can also assist States in meeting their international cooperation requirements under the Protocol. e. Penal and provisional provisions Commentary Depending their existing laws and the methods chosen to implement the record-keeping, marking, licensing and other requirements of the Protocol, States may wish to consider establishing further offences in several areas, although this is not a mandatory requirement. Should a State adopt a regime for brokering, it may also wish to establish an associated offence for illicit brokering. Alternatively, if a State requires disclosure of a broker as part of the import/export licensing/authorization process, offences relating to providing false or misleading information on licence application forms could include an offence for failing to provide required information about brokerage activities (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 237). The establishment of any of these offences is not required by the Protocol. 1.  Offences  specific  to  record-keeping Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol that States must criminalize the failure to maintain records in accordance with article 7. However, criminalization of such conduct will help deter persons with an obligation to maintain records from acting without the required diligence, omitting to keep, falsifying or altering such records, and will help ensure the accuracy of records for tracing purposes. While States are required to ensure that certain records are kept (as discussed in chapter V (Record-keeping) of the Model Law), they have discretion to impose criminal or administrative penalties and sanctions for a failure to maintain records. The Legislative Guide (paragraph 231) does recommend that the punishments applied to record-keeping offences should be the same as those applied for the basic offences of illicit manufacture and trafficking in order to ensure that offenders cannot avoid harsher sanctions simply by failing to keep or destroying the records needed to establish that criminal conduct has taken place. When establishing Annex I. Additional considerations 135 the intentional element of the offence, States may want to consider a lower degree of intention and include also gross negligence, so as to ensure that persons with an obligation to keep and maintain records cannot evade their responsibility by invoking an absence of intention. The nature of the penalties imposed for offences relating to record-keeping will depend on each jurisdiction. The following provisions are designed to assist States in establishing criminal offences with respect to record-keeping offences. States that wish to maintain the penal nature of the provision but impose a lower degree of liability and of sanctions, or to consider some other conducts as administrative offences rather than criminal ones, are encouraged to adapt these suggested provisions as required. Article 64. Falsification and alteration of records 1. Every person who intentionally or negligently makes a false or misleading entry in or alters a record required to be kept under [chapter V of the Law] commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a regulatory sanction]. Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol that States criminalize the falsification or alteration of records required to be kept under article 7 (and article 6, paragraph 2). However, criminalization of those activities will help deter persons with an obligation to maintain records from falsifying or altering such records and will help ensure the accuracy of records for tracing purposes. As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 231), an offence relating to the falsification of records is of particular relevance where persons and entities engaged in transferring firearms have the primary responsibility for maintaining records needed for subsequent tracing. The OSCE “Best practice guide on marking, record-keeping and traceability of small arms and light weapons” suggests (section V, page 10) that, in addition to activities such as falsifying and altering markings on firearms and other activities already covered by the Protocol, States should consider establishing any form of falsification of small arms and light weapons record-keeping as a penal offence. Article 65. Failure to keep records 1. Every person who intentionally or negligently fails or omits to keep a record in the manner it is required to be kept under [chapter V of the Law] commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a regulatory sanction]. Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol that States criminalize the failure to keep records required under article 7 (and article 6, paragraph 2). However, penalizing persons 136 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition for failing to keep records or failing to keep accurate records will help ensure that those persons with an obligation to keep records fulfil their statutory obligations. Such a provision is necessary to ensure satisfactory fulfilment of the obligation to keep records, where a State imposes a record-keeping obligation on authorized entities and persons, and to ensure that offenders cannot avoid harsher sanctions associated with illicit manufacturing and trafficking simply by failing to keep the records needed to establish that criminal conduct has taken place (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 231). Article 66. Destruction of records 1. Every person who intentionally or negligently destroys any record that is required to be kept under and in accordance with [chapter V of the Law] commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a regulatory sanction]. Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol that States criminalize the destruction of records required under article 7 (and article 6, paragraph 2). However, penalizing persons who destroy records before the minimum time period specified in article 49 of this annex, will help ensure that those persons with an obligation to keep records fulfil their statutory obligations. Such a provision is necessary to ensure satisfactory fulfilment of the obligation to keep records, where a State imposes a record-keeping obligation on authorized entities and persons, and to ensure that offenders cannot avoid harsher sanctions associated with illicit manufacturing and trafficking simply by destroying the records needed to establish that criminal conduct has taken place (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 231). Article 67. Failure to submit a report 1. Every person who intentionally or negligently: (a) Fails or omits to submit a report to [name of competent authority] that contains details of all transactions recorded in accordance with [annex I, article 38 (Reports to be submitted)] of this Law; or (b) Submits a report to [name of competent authority] in accordance with [annex I, article 38 (Reports to be submitted)] of this Law that contains false, in accurate or incomplete information; commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a regulatory sanction]. Commentary There is no requirement under the Protocol to require authorized entities and persons who are required to keep records to submit regular reports. If, however, a State chooses Annex I. Additional considerations 137 to demand regular reporting by authorized entities and persons in accordance with [annex I, article 38 (Reports to be submitted)] then an appropriate penalty should be imposed for a failure to submit such a report. As noted in the Legislative Guide (paragraph 23), an offence relating to the failure to report transactions or giving false, inaccurate or incomplete information is of particular relevance where records are retained by a state agency that will be relying on the provision of accurate reports to conduct tracing. F. offences specific to licensing Commentary Legislators and drafters may consider additional offences in relation to the mandatory offences in relation to trafficking. Should a State adopt a system of registration of exporters and importers, it may wish to create an associated offence for carrying out import or export activity without being registered. Additionally, if a State requires an application process for licences or authorization of import and export activities, offences relating to providing false or misleading information on licence application forms could be created. The adoption of these offences is not required by the Protocol. Article 68. Operation without registration [authorization] 1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] carries out any import or export activity without [being registered with [name of licensing authority]] [written authorization from [name of licensing authority]] as required by this Law commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be liable to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentary Suggested provision Source: Protocol, article 10, paragraphs 1 and 5. This provision could be considered where a State has chosen to implement a system of registration or authorization of those who engage in activities as an importer or exporter. Article 69. Providing misleading or false applications for licences for an import, export or transit activity 1. Where for the purpose of obtaining any form of licence as required under [chapter VII of the Law], every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate]: (a) Makes a statement that is false or misleading or omits a material fact in a licensing document; or138 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (b) Furnishes a document or information containing a false statement or misrepresenting or omitting a material fact in a licensing document; commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be liable to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Commentary States may consider establishing offences for the giving of false or misleading information, material non-disclosure (to cover cases in which accurate but incomplete information was given) or the falsification or misuse of documents necessary in the licensing or authorization process. These provisions should be consistent with existing domestic criminal law provisions on providing false information or documentation. G. offences specific to brokering Commentary The Protocol requires States parties to consider establishing a system for regulating the activities of brokers. Should a State adopt a regime for brokering, it may also wish to establish an associated offence for illicit brokering. Alternatively, if a State requires disclosure of a broker as part of the import/export licensing/authorization process, offences relating to providing false or misleading information on licence application forms could include an offence for failing to provide required information about brokerage activities (see the Legislative Guide, paragraph 237). The establishment of these offences is not required by the Protocol. Article 70. Illicit brokering 1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] engages in any brokering activity without legal authorization or a licence issued in accordance with [title of this Law] commits an offence. 2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall upon conviction be subject to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a fine of the ... category]. Article 71. Operating as a broker without registration [authorization]ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم
1. Every person who [specify level of intent, as appropriate] carries out anyلياتلا مكلحا ةفاس�إا يغبني ,ا���هتاعيرس�ت في ةرس�امس�لا ليجس�ت جاردإا ا���م ة���لود ترا���تخا ا���مثيح
brokering activity [without being registered with [name of licensing authority]]:ةدالما هذه لىإا
[without written authorization from [name of licensing authority]] as required byوأا[ ةرس�مس� ة���طس�نأا يأا ةلوازلم ]ا���بوتكم انذإا[ ة���س�خر ب���لطي ض����خس� لك نو���كي -4
this Law commits an offence.Annex I. Additional considerations 139دادعإا ىدل ,اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في ]ةلس�لا تاذ ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be liableاهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في راس�مس�ك لمعلل اقبس�م لجس�م ,]نذإلا[ ةس�خرلا بلط
to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a fine of the ... category].؛اهتيرخذو
Commentaryةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازلم ةس�خر بلط -55 ةدالما
This provision could be considered where a State has chosen to implement a system ofةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط م َّ
registration or authorization of those who engage in activities as a broker.دقي
Article 72. Providing misleading or false applications for licencesةئيه مس�ا جرد
for a brokering activityُ
1. Where for the purpose of obtaining any form of licence for a brokeringي[ لىإا نيددحلما ةقيرطلاو لكس�لا بس�ح اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و
activity as required under [chapter XVI of the Law], a person who [specify level of.]ض�يخترلا
intent, as appropriate]:ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم
(a) Makes a statement that is false or misleading or omits a material fact in)يباقرلا ميظنتلا لوح مكح( 1 رايلخا
a licensing document; or (b) Furnishes a document or information containing a false statement orوأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط م َّ
misrepresenting or omitting a material fact in a licensing document;دقي
commits an offence.)ءاس�تقلا بس�ح( قفريو ]مقرلا/مس�لا جرد
2. A person guilty of an offence under paragraph 1 of this article shall be liableُ
to [imprisonment for ...] and/or [a fine of/up to ...] [a fine of the ... category].ي[ ةرامتس�لا في اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا
Commentaryةبولطلما تامولعلما ن
States may consider establishing offences for the giving of false or misleading information, material non-disclosure (to cover cases in which accurate but incomplete informationَّ
was given) or the falsification or misuse of documents necessary in the licensing orمس�تيو اخ
authorization process. These provisions should be consistent with existing domesticّ
criminal law provisions on providing false information or documentation.رؤومو اع ّقوم بلطلا نوكيو .
141]غلبلما جرد
Annex IIُ
List of relevant instruments and documentsي[ اهردقو ةبولطلما موس�رلاب
A. Multilateral and regional instruments and documents:كلذ في ابم ,ةرامتس�لا في
1.  United Nationsض�خس�لاو ,اه
Instrumentsّ
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimeرقم ناونعو يديبرلا ةكرس�لا ناونع كلذ في ابم ,بلطلا م ِّدقم ةيوه )أا(
1؛لاس�تلا لوؤوس�مو ةكرس�لا لخاد لوؤوس�لما
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms,يترس�بم ةقلعتم ةددمح ليس�افت ن
Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the Unitedَّ
Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimeمس�تت ,دقعلا عورس�م وأا عَّقولما دقعلا نم ةخس�ن )ب(
2,عمزلما ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن عو���س�وم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا عو���نو ع���لس�لا
Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in؛اهتميقو اهتيمكو
Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspectsفانس�ألل ةيئاهنلا ةهجولاو يئاهنلا مادختس�لا ىلع ض�نت اهيلع قدس�م ةداهس� )ج(
3؛])يئاهنلا مدختس�لما ةداهس�( ,لوألا قفرلما في 61 ةدالما رظنا[ في هيلع ض�وس�نلما وحنلا ىلع
International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timelyلقنُت لم نإاو ىتح ,اهيلإا ر
and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weaponsَّ
4دس�تس� يتلاو تادعلما اهنم ر
Documentsَّ
Report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant toدس�تس� ي���تلا ة���لودلا م���س�ا )د(
General Assembly resolution 60/81 to consider further steps to enhance؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
international cooperation in preventing, combating and eradicating illicitُ
brokering in small arms and light weaponsي[ برع
5مييقتلا نم نكتم ىرخأا قئاثو ]
Report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to Generalّيأا[ ,]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
Assembly resolution 61/72 to consider further steps to enhance cooperationُ
with regard to the issue of conventional ammunition stockpiles in surplusي[ بلط ىلع ءانب )�ه(
6؛ةلاحلل حيحس�لا
1.ةقفس�لل ةيلالما تابيتترلا كلذ في ابم ,ةفاك ةينعلما تاهلجا نع ليس�افتلا عيمج )و( اهتيرخذو اهتان
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2225, No. 39574.ّ
2وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 80
Ibid., vol. 2326, No. 39574.رظنلا دنع تامولعلما كلت عيمج نم خس�ن ىلع لوس�لحا رذعتي دق ,ةلالحا فورظب انهرو
3نأا لبق ةيفاس�إا قئاثو ملتس�ا ة���طيرس� ض�يخرت رادس�إا في رظنلا لود���لل ن���كيمو .ا���م ب���لط في
Report of the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons.لامعتس�لل الحاس� ض�يخترلا نوكي
in All Its Aspects, New York, 9-20 July 2001 (A/CONF.192/15), chap. IV, para. 24.ينمأاتلاب ةقلعتلما/ةيلالما تابيتترلاو نطابلا نم ةدقاعتلما تاهلجا نع تامولعم
4عيمج ءامس�أا ركذ طتر���س�ت نأا ام ةلودل زوجي ,نطابلا ن���م د���قاعتلل ع���س�اولا را���س�تنلل ر���ظنلاب
A/60/88 and Corr.2, annex; see also General Assembly decision 60/519.دارفألا زرفل ة���ليس�و كلذ رابتعاب ة���نيعم ةقفس� في نو���كراس�ي ن���يذلا ن���طابلا ن���م ن���يدقاعتلما
5.تاكرس�لاو
A/62/163 and Corr.)Corr.
1.1و A/62/163( ةرس�مس�لا لوح هريرقت في ين���يموكلحا ءابرلخا قيرف ى���س�وأا د���قو
6 A/63/182.142 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition Report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 54/54 V, entitled “Small arms” 7,نوناقلا مكحب مئلم لكس�ب ةرس�مس�لاب طابترلا ةديدس�لا ةطس�نألا هذه ميظنت لودلا لفكت نأاب
Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention againstيرغ ةرس�مس�لا ة���طس�نأا اهيف ن
Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its twelfth session: interpretative notes for the official records (travaux préparatoires) of the negotiationَّ
of the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing theمس�تت ي���تلا تلالحا في ,ل���يومتلاو ل���قنلا ة���طس�نأا ك���لذ في ا���بم
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimeتارارقل تاكاهتنا ض����وس�لخا هجو ىلع ةفيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ة���حلس�ألا في ة���عورس�لما
8راتخت نأا ام ةلودل ن���كيمو .ةدحتلما ممألل عباتلا نمألا ض�لمج ن���ع ةردا���س�لا ة���حلس�ألا ر���ظح
Legislative Guides for the Implementation of the United Nations Conventionةطس�نألا ميظنت وأا "ةرس�مس�" ل���ثيم الم اهفيرعت قاطن عيس�وت قيرط ن���ع ة���طس�نألا هذ���ه م���يظنت
against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Theretoفراس�لما نوناق للخ نم( ىرخأا تاعيرس�ت للخ نم )ليومتلاو لقنلا ةطس�نأا لثم( ىرخألا
9.)لثم ةرطلخا عئاس�بلا لقن نوناق وأا
How to Guide: Small Arms and Light Weapons Legislationةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازلم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط مييقت يرياعم -56 ةدالما
10ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا تابلط في ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
United Nations Coordinating Action on Small Arms, Project on Internationalُ
Small Arms Control Standardsي[ رظنت
UNODC Technical Guide to the Implementation of the Firearms Protocolفلأا قفرلما في 55 ةدالما رظنا[ في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما يرياعملل اقفوو ةدح ىلع ةلاح لك ض�اس�أا ىلع
(forthcoming).نوناقلا اذه في ])ريدس�تلا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط مييقت يرياعم(
2.  Organization  for Security and Cooperation  in Europeقيلعتلا
OSCE Plan of Action on Small Arms and Light Weaponsاهحنم ض�فر وأا اهحنم لبق م���ييقتلل ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازبم ة���س�خر ح���نم ع���س�خي نأا ي���غبني
11في درتو .اهئوس� في ريدس�تلا ةس�خر م
OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunitionَّ
12يقت يتلا يرياعلما ةمئاقل ةلثامم يرياعم ةمئاق ءوس� في
OSCE Principles on the Control of Brokering in Small Arms and Light.اهب ذخألا نكملما يرياعلماب ةحترقم ةمئاق لوألا قفرلماب 55 ةدالما
Weaponsةماعلا ض�خرلا -57 ةدالما
13ةماع ةس�خر رد���س�ت نأا ,كلذ تبوس�تس�ا اذإا ,]ض����يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد���
Standard Elements of End-User Certificates and Verification Procedures forُ
SALW Exportsي[ �ل زو���جي
14وأا/و رطلخا ةليلقلا ةيئاهنلا تاهجولا نم ةددمح ةمئاقب قلعتي اميف ةددمح ةرس�مس� ةطس�نأاب
Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light Weapons.رطلخا يليلقلا ينيئاهنلا ينمدختس�لما
15قيلعتلا
OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weaponsنولوازي نيذلا ض�اخس�ألل ةعس�او تايحلس� ل
16ِّ
Principles Governing Conventional Arms Transfersوخت ةماع ةس�خر رادس�إا راتخت نأا لودلل زوجي
17ض�يخرت بلط لىإا هل ض� َّخرلما جاتحي ل ,ةماع ةس�خر حنم لا���ح فيو .ةدد���حلما ة���طس�نألا هذ���ه81 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
“Best practice guide on marking, record-keeping and traceability of smallوأا ةقفارلما ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا في اديدتح ض�نلا ين���عتيو .ةدح ىلع ةرس�مس� ة���يلمع ة���قفس� لك���ل
arms and light weapons”يليلقلا ينيئاهنلا ينمدختس�لما وأا/و رطلخا ةليلقلا ةيئاهنلا تاهجولا ءامس�أا ىلع هس�فن عيرس�تلا
18لخاد ةراجتلا كلذ لمس�ي نأا نكيمو .ض�يخترلا ماظنل نيدودمح نيءانثتس�ا امهرابتعاب رطلخا
7,لودلا ض�عب فيو .ض�عبلا مهس�عبب ةلس�لا يقيثو ينيراتج ءاكرس� وأا يرا���جتلا لدا���بتلل ة���قطنم
A/CONF.192/2.رادس�إا راتخت نأا اس�يأا ةلودلل نكيمو .ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا اهيغلت ىتح ةذفان ةماعلا ض�خرلا ىقبت
8.ةددمح ةدلم ةماع ةس�خر
A/55/383/Add.3.]نذإا[ ةس�خر ليدعت وأا ءاغلإا -58 ةدالما
9ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.05.V.2.ةقلعتلما ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ءاغلإا ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
10ُ
United Nations Development Programme, Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, How toي[ �ل زوجي
Guide: Small Arms and Light Weapons Legislation (Geneva, 2008).:اذإا اهتيحلس� ءاس�قنا لبق اهليدعت وأا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب
11؛ةس�خرلا ىلع لوس�لحا دس�ق ةبذاك تانايب تم ِّدق )أا(
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, document FSC.DEC/2/10.؛ةس�خرلا اهنمس�تت يتلا ليس�افتلا ت
12ّ
_____, Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunition (Vienna, 2008).يرغت وأا )ب(
13؛ةس�خرلا في ةدراولا طورس�لل امات لاثتما لاثتملا متي لم وأا )ج(
_____, Forum for Security Cooperation, decision No. 8/04, 24 November 2004.؛ةس�خرلا رادس�إا دعب ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا دلب ىلع ةحلس�أا رظح ض�رُف وأا )د(
14؛ايربك ايرغت يقلتلما دلبلا في ةيعس�ولا تيرغت وأا )�ه(
_____, Forum for Security Cooperation, decision No. 5/04, 17 November 2004.؛نلعلما يئاهنلا مدختس�لما نم ةهجولا ليوتح رطخ دادزا وأا )و(
15.نلعلما يئاهنلا مادختس�لا/يئاهنلا مدختس�لما يرغت وأا )ز(
_____, Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light Weapons (Vienna, 2003).ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا ةلوازلم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا طورس� -59 ةدالما
16ىلع ض�يخترلا ةئيه اهس�رفت طورس� يأل ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم ةس�خر عس�خت -1
A/CONF.192/PC/20, annex, appendix..ةس�خرلا
17.ةس�خرلا اهل عس�خت طورس� يأل ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم ةس�خر لماح عس�خي -2
Programme for Immediate Action Series No. 3 (DOC.FSC/3/96), 1993.ينبم وه امك ةرس�امس�لاب ةس�الخا تلجس�لا ظفح تايس�تقلم ه���ل ض����خرلما ل���ثتيم -3
18.نوناقلا اذه نم ض�مالخا لس�فلا في
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, “Best practice guide on marking, recordkeeping and traceability of small arms and light weapons”, in Handbook of Best Practices ..., part II.Annex II. List of relevant instruments and documents 143.رخآا ض�خس� لىإا ةس�خرلا لقنت ل -4 اهتيرخذو اهتان
3.   Wassenaar Arrangement  on Export Controls  for Conventional Arms andّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 82
Dual-Use Goods and Technologiesةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم -60 ةدالما
Best Practice Guidelines for Exports of Small Arms and Light Weaponsةلوازلم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر لكل ةنيعم ةيحلس� ةدم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
Elements for Effective Legislation on Arms Brokeringُ
B.ي[ د ِّدتح -1 .
Regional instruments and documentsةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن
1.  Africa:ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم يهتنت -2
Instruments؛ةس�خرلا في ددحلما خيراتلا في )أا(
Central African Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and All Parts and Components That Can Be Usedددحلما خيراتلا لبق ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
for Their Manufacture, Repair and Assemblyُ ي[ لىإا ةس�خرلا لماح اهملس� اذإا )ب(
19.ةس�خرلا في
Economic Community of West African States Convention on Small Armsبلط ىلع ءانب ةرس�مس�لا طاس�ن ةلوازلم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةترف ديدتم زوجي -3
and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and Other Related Materials.هيلع قفاوتو ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Armsُ
and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africaي[ لىإا م َّ
Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in the Southern African Development Community Regionدقي
Documentsلبق ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
Regional Centre on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Best Practice Guidelines for the Implementation of the Nairobi Declaration and the Nairobiُ
Protocol on Small Arms and Light Weaponsي[ لىإا ًةباتك ةيحلس�لا ةترف ديدتم تابلط مدقت -4
Bamako Declaration on an African Common Position on the Illicit Proliferation, Circulation and Trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons.]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل ديدج بلط يمدقت بجو
20َّلإاو ,ةيحلس�لا ءاهتنا خيرات رورم
Decision on the illicit proliferation, circulation and trafficking of small armsقيلعتلا دودح في ةرس�مس� ةقفس� زانجإا نامس�ل ةيفاك ]نذإلا[ ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ةدم نوكت نأا يغبني
and light weapons.لوقعلما83 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
21ةيرايتخا ماكحأا -ءاب عرفلا
2.  Americasدايرتص�لا نأاص�ب ةطص�بم تاءارجإا -رص�ع عباص�لا لص�فلا
Instrumentsاتقؤوم روبعلاو ريدص�تلاو
Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materialsقيلعتلا
22ةطس�بم تاءارجإا دامتعا راتخت نأا لودلل زوجي ,لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما ن���م 6 ةر���قفلل ا���قبط
19,ات ّقؤوم اهتيرخذو اهتان
A/65/517-S/2010/534, annex.ّ
20وكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت وأا داير���تس�اب دار���فألل حا���مس�لل
A/CONF.192/PC/23, annex.ض�راعلما وأا مييقتلا وأا ةيامرلا ةس�اير وأا د���يس�لا لثم ,اهنم ققحتلا ن���كيم ة���عورس�م ض����ارغأل
21اس�يأا ظحلي نأا يغبنيو .ةلماس� تس�يل هذه لوكوتوبرلا في ةدراولا ةطس�نألا ةمئاقو .حلس�إلا وأا
Organization of African Unity, document AHG/Dec.137 (XXXV), July 1999.تاملع ُ عس�و ,لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 8 ةدالما نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ,يرور���س�لا ن���م ض����يل ه���نأا
22دكأاتلا نكيم ةعورس�م ض����ارغأل" اتقؤوم دروتس�ت يتلا ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا ى���لع ة���يفاس�إا داير���تس�ا
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol.ةطس�بم تاءارجإا دامتعا لودلا اهيف راتخت يتلا تلالحا في لإا مكلحا اذه قبطني لو .
2029, No."اهنم .
35005.144 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionلوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 6 ةرقفلل اقبط
Documentsتاءارجإا دد���حي يذلا ع���يرس�تلا نإا���ف ,)113 ةر���قفلا( ي���عيرس�تلا ل���يلدلا في درو ا���مكو
Draft Model Legislation and Commentaries on Legislative Measures to Establish Criminal Offences in Relation to the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materialsبلطتي نأا نكيم اهنم ققحتلا نكيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل تقؤولما ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لل ةط
23ّ
Model Legislation and Commentaries in Relation to Confiscation and Forfeiture of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materialsس�بم
24تاءارجإاو يرياعمو )نذإلا تارامتس�او بلطلا تارامتس�ا لثم( تارامتس�لا نم ةيزاوم ةعوممج
Proposed Model Legislation and Commentaries for Strengthening Controlsحامس�لل اهليدعت وأا ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا ض�خرل ةمدختس�لما تارامتس�لا قاطن عيس�وت وأا رادس�إلا
at Export Points for Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Relatedرادس�إاب حامس�لا لثم ,ة���ل
Materialsّ
25جعم تاءارجإا نمس�تي نأا اس�يأا ن���كيمو .ض����رغلا اذ���هل ا���همادختس�اب
Model Legislation on the Marking and Tracing of Firearmsدودلحا ةينعلما فا���نس�ألا برعت امدنع دود���لحا طاقن ة���بقارم ليوؤو���س�م ب���ناج ن���م ض����يخارت
26كلت دامتعل ة���لودلا ريدقتل كوترم رمألاو .د���لبلا في م���لس�تلا وأا ن���حس�لا طا���قن د���نع وأا ل���عف
Code of Conduct of Central American States on the Transfer of Arms,ىلع ظافلحا يغبني هنأا يرغ .ءاس�تقلا دنع ىرخألا تانامس�لا نم ديزلما عس�و وأا تاءارجإلا
Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materialاهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا كلام
Model Regulations for the Control of the International Movement of Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionّ
27ير���غت مد���ع
Amendments to the Model Regulations for the Control of the Internationalّنأا يأا ,ة���يس�اس�ألا م���يهافلما .مئاد لقن لىإا ت���قؤوم لقن ل
Movement of Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition:ّ وتح ةيناكمإا مدعو ا���تقؤوم رو���بعلا وأا ر���يدس�تلاو داير���تس�لا لل���خ
Broker Regulationsلوكوتوبرلا قاطنل اهلاثتما لفكت نأا اهيلع ينعتي ,ةط
28ّ
Andean Plan to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate Illicit Trade in Small Armsس�بم تاءارجإا دا���متعا ة���لودلا ترر���ق اذإاو .هنم ض�رغلاو
and Light Weapons in All Its Aspectsنم ددع جاردإا في رظنلا ةط ّ
29س�بم تاءارجإا نوعس�ي ن���يذلا تاعيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ن���كيمو
3.  Arab States:لثم ,ماكحألا
Documentsر
Resolution on Arab coordination for combating the illicit trade in smallّدس�لما وأا دروتس�لماو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةيوه د ّدتح ةيس�اس�أا تامولعم عمج نامس� )أا(
arms and light weaponsبجوبم اهتيرخذو ا���هتان
30ّ
Report of the first meeting of Arab national focal points on small arms andوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���ثأا ءا���فتقا ير���س�يت د���س�ق ت���قؤولما
light weapons؛لوكوتوبرلا
31اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهؤوازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىقبت نأا زو���جي ينمز د���ح ع���س�و )ب(
Resolution on Arab coordination for combating the illicit trade in smallةتقؤوم ةفس�ب ةدروتس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت ةداعإا ةلافكل تانامس� عس�وو مهدلب في هللخ
arms and light weaponsلىإا ةجالحا تفتنا ,ينمزلا دلحا اذه نوس�غ في تاقفس�لا هذه تدق
32ُ
Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardousع اذإاو .أاس�نلما ةلود لىإا اهتيرخذو اهتان
Materialّ
33وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 84
23هنأا يرغ .لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 7 ةدالما اهطترس�ت يتلا ,ة���لماك تاونس� ر���س�ع ةد���لم تل���جس�لا ظ���فح
Organization of American States, document OEA/Ser.L/XXII.6.3-GE/CIFTA/doc.2/07 rev.3.نأا ,تقؤولما ريدس�تلل ةط ّ س�بلما تاءارجإلا رايخب ذخألاب رثألا ءافتقا لقرعتي لأا نامس�ل ,يغبني
24؛يرانلا حلس�لا ريدس�ت ةداعإا دّكأاتت نأا لىإا تلجس�لا ظفح يلخادلا نوناقلا طترس�ي
____, document OEA/Ser.L/XXII.2.11- CIFTA/CC-XI/doc.12/10.ض�رغل يرتج ةقفس�لا ّنأا ىلع ليلد يمدقت اس�يأا نو���ع
25ّ رس�لما طتر���س�ي نأا ة���يناكمإا )ج( ؛هنم قّقحتلا نكيم عورس�م
____, document OEA/Ser.L/XXII.6.2-GE/CIFTA-CICAD/doc.2/06 rev.4.اهئازجأاو ة���يران ةحلس�أا ريدس�تب ة���لس� تاذ م���ئارج ى���لع ض����يس�نتلا ة���يناكمإا )د(
26اس�يأا ةلس� تاذو ؛اتقؤوم اهنم تدروتس�ا يتلا ةلودلا يرغ ىرخأا ة���لود لىإا ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو
____, document OEA/Ser.L/XXII.6.1-GE/CIFTA-CICAD/doc.3/06 rev.3.وأا نوذألل اط
27ّ
____, document OEA/Ser.L/XIV.2.34-CICAD/doc1281/03.س�بم ا���ماظن طترس�ت ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا نأا ن���م مغرلا ى���لع ,ة���يلاتلا تلا���لحاب
28نوس�غ في ريدس�تلا ةدا���عإا مدعو ؛ط
____, document OEA/Ser.L/XIV.2.34-CICAD/doc1271/03.ّ س�بم ض�يخرت وأا نذإا ى���لع لو���س�لحا مد���ع :ض����يخاترلا
29.ض�يخترلا وأا نذإلا تارامتس�ا في ةللس�م وأا ةئطاخ تامولعم يمدقتو ؛ةددحلما ةينمزلا ةترفلا دايرتس�لا ةس�خر نأاس�ب ةط ّ س�بلما تاءارجإلا -61 ةدالما اتقؤوم روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا لس�فلا ماكحأا ىلع ةط ّ س�بم تاءارجإا قيبطت ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل زوجي -1 اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رو���بعو ريدس�تو دايرتس�ا نأاس�ب نوناقلا اذ���ه ن���م ع���باس�لا .اهنم دّكأاتلا نكيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل اتقؤوم اهتيرخذو ةيامرلاو ديس�لا نوناقلا اذه في اهنم دّكأاتلا نكيم يتلا ةعورس�لما ض�ارغألا لمس�ت -2 بناج نم اهيلع قيبطتلل ةلباق ةدالما هذه برتعت ىرخأا ةطس�نأاو حل���س�إلاو ض����راعلماو م���ييقتلاو .ةدح ىلع ةلاح لك بس�حب ]ض�يخترلا ةطلس� مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ قيلعتلا ماكحأا نإاف ,هيلع ءانبو .دارفألا ىلع ةط ّ س�بلما تاءارجإلا قبطنت ,يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا في درو امك بناج نم اتقؤوم روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا ةطس�نأا ىلع قبطنت ل هذ���ه ي���جذومنلا نو���ناقلا تاوق ,لثم( ةيلودلا تاثعبلل ينعباتلا بناجألا ينيركس�علا دارفألا لثم ض�اخس�أا وأا تاعوممج في ينناوقلا ذافنإا ن���ع ينلوؤوس�لما وأا ةيبنجألا تا���موكحلل ين���يمس�رلا ين���لثملما وأا )ن���مألا ظ���فح .ةيبنجألا تاموكلحا تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر -62 ةدالما اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيران ة���حلس�أا ريدس�ت ]ة���لودلا م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ب م���يقلم زو���جي -1 امك اهنم ققحتلا ن���كيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل ]ة���لودلا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ م���يلقإا ن���م ا���تقؤوم ا���هتيرخذو .ةدح ىلع ةلاح لك ض�اس�أا ىلع ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا[ كلذب تس�خر نم تقؤوم ريدس�ت ةس�خر ميقلما بلطي ,]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم تقؤولما لقنلا لبق -2 .]ىرخأا تقؤوم لقن بلط ةقيثو وأا[ ]ةددحلما ةرامتس�لا مس�ا جرد
Andean Community, Andean Council of Foreign Ministers, Quirama, Colombia, on 25 June 2003,ُ
decision 552.ي[ ةرامتس�ا للخ85 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
30ةرامتس�لا م���س�ا جرد
League of Arab States, Ministerial Council resolution 6625, 4 March 2006.ُ ي[ ةرا���متس�لا في ة���بولطلما تا���مولعلما يمد���قت لىإا ة���فاس�إلاب -3
31:ميقلما مدقي ,]ىرخألا تقؤولما ريدس�تلا بلط ةقيثو وأا[ ]ةددحلما
____, 2005.؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةينوناقلا ةيكللما ىلع ليلد )أا(
32دايرتس�لا دلب ةموكح نم تقؤوم دايرتس�ا ]ةس�خر[ نذإا ىلع لوس�لحا ىلع ليلد )ب(
____, Ministerial Council resolution 6447, 14 September 2004.؛نذإلا اذه ىلع لوس�لحا طاترس�ا مدعب ديفت ةبوتكم ةداهس� يمدقت ىلع وأا تقؤولما
33؛ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا دلب في اهب مايقلا دارلما ةطس�نألا ىلع ليلد )ج(
____, Council of Arab Ministers of the Interior, Tunisia, 2002.Annex II. List of relevant instruments and documents 145ةيرخذ وأا يران حلس� نم ن
4.  Asia and  the Pacificّ
Documentsوكم وأا ءزج وأا يران حلس� يأا عيب مدعب دهعت/حيرس�ت )د(
Work Programme to Implement the ASEAN Plan of Action to Combatةترف للخ رخآا ض�خس� لىإا مئاد لكس�ب اهلقن/هلقن وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Transnational Crimeُ
34ي[ نم اتقؤوم تلقن/لقن
“Towards a common approach to weapons control” (the Nadi Framework).تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر في ةددحلما تقؤولما لقنلا
35لقن ةيرخذ ةقلط ]...[ ن���م ثركأا وأا/و يران حلس� ]...[ ن���م ثر���كأا ل���قن زو���جي ل -4
5..
Europe]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Instrumentsُ
Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council ofي[ نم اتقؤوم
the European Union implementing article 10 of the United Nations Firearmsقيلعتلا
Protocol and establishing export authorization, import and transit measuresةكراس�لما تاوعد زاربإا ,لثم ,تابلطلا يم ِّدقم نم بلطي نأا نكيم ,)ج( 3 ةرقفلا ض�خي اميف
for firearms, their parts and components and ammunition.ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا دلب في ةيامرلا وأا ديس�لا ةطس�نأا وأا ةيراجتلا ض�راعلما اهيف ابم ض�راعلما في
Council of the European Union regulation 428/2009 setting up a Communityءازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دد���ع رس�ح في اورظني نأا اس�يأا تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ي���غبنيو
regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-useرظنلا دنعو .مهتلود نم اتقؤوم اهلقن نكيم يتلا ةيرخذلا تاقلطو ا���هتانوكمو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا
itemsةعورس�لما ةطس�نألا لىإا رظنلاب لوقعم وه ام رابتعلا في اوعس�ي نأا مهل يغبني ,دويقلا هذه في
36.)لثم ,ض�راعلماك( اهتلوازم متت يتلا ةددحلما
Council of the European Union common position 2008/944/CFSP defining,ةط
common rules governing control of exports of military technology andّ
equipmentس�بلما تاءارجإلل اهماظن راطإا في ةل
37ّ
European Parliament and Council of the European Union directive 2008/51/جعم تاءارجإا ثادحتس�ا ةلودلا را���تخت ا���مثيحو
EC amending Council directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisitionامدنع تقؤولما ريدس�تلا نوذأا رادس�إاب دودلحا طاقن ةبقارم نع ينلوؤوس�ملل حامس�لا اهل نكيم
and possession of weaponsنذإا لجأا نم اهؤولم بجي يتلا تارامتس�لا ةحاتإا نكيمو .ايلعف دودلحا ةينعلما فانس�ألا برعت
38.نحس�لا ةطقن وأا ةرداغلما ةطقن دنع كراملجا بتاكبم تقؤولما ريدس�تلا
European Union strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking ofعورس�لما ض�رغلاو هناونعو تقؤولما ريدس�تلا نذإا لماح مس�ا تقؤولما ريدس�تلا نذإا ن
SALW and their ammunitionَّ
39مس�تي -5
Council of the European Union common position 2003/468/CFSP on the.]مايأا/اموي ...[ لاح يأاب زواجتت ل يتلا هتيحلس� ةدم د
control of arms brokeringّدحيو ريدس�تلا نم ددحلما
40قيلعتلا لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 6 ةر���قفلا هتددح يذلا ءانثتس�لا ى���لع ض����ورفلما د���يقلا ل���مس�ي ل
Council of European Union joint action on the European Union’s contribution to combating the destabilizing accumulation and spread of small arms.ةينمزلا لاجآلا ديدتح يس�تقي امم ,"تقؤولما" روبعلاو دايرتس�لاو ريدس�تلا ىوس� اهتيرخذو اهتان
and light weapons and repealing joint action 1999/34/CFSPّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 86
41تلقن/لقن ةيرخذ وأا يران حلس� نم نوكم وأا ءزج وأا يران حلس� يأا عيب زوجي ل -6
34لقنلا ةترف للخ رخآا ض�خس� لىإا م���ئاد لكس�ب اهلقن/هلقن وأا ]ةلودلا م���س�ا جرد���
See the Joint Communiqué of the Special Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)ُ
Ministerial Meeting on Terrorism, Kuala Lumpur, 20 and 21 May 2002.ي[ ن���م ا���تقؤوم .تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر في ةددحلما تقؤولما
35َةس�خرلا تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر لماح ل
South Pacific Chiefs of Police Conference and Oceania Customs Organization, 2000.ِّ
36جس�ي ,]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Official Journal of the European Union, L 134, 29 May 2009.ُ
37ي[ ةرداغم لبق -7 .]كراملجا ةطلس� مس�ا جرد
Ibid., L 335, 13 December 2008.ُ
38ي[ ىدل
Ibid., L 179, 8 July 2008.لمعتس�ت لم ي���تلا( اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ع���يمج دا���عت -8
39]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Council of the European Union, document 5319/06.ُ
40ي[ لىإا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Official Journal of the European Union, L 156, 25 June 2003.ُ ي[ نم اتقؤوم تلقن يتلا )هل ض�خرلما عورس�لما طاس�نلل
41ريدس�ت ةس�خر هل تمِّ
Official Journal of the European Communities, L 191, 19 July 2002.146 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionلس� ض�خس� لك م ِّدقيو .تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم ءاهتنا لبق اهتانوكمو اهءازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاو ةس�خرلا ,]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
C. thematic instruments and documentsُ ي[ لىإا عو���جرلا د���نع ,ت���قؤوم
1.  Brokeringًليلد لوخدلا ةطقن في ]كراملجا ةطلس� مس�ا جرد
Amendments to the Model Regulations for the Control of the Internationalُ ي[ لىإا نذإلا عوس�وم ةلمعتس�لما يرغ اهتيرخذو مس�ا جرد
Movement of Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition:ُ ي[ نم لبق نم تجرخأا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهءازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا كلت نأا ىلع
Broker Regulations (see above)اقفو ةعورس�م ةيكلم ض����خس�لا كلذل ةكولمم يهو ]ةلودلا م���س�ا جرد���
Council of the European Union common position 2003/468/CFSP on theُ
control of arms brokering (see above)ي[ لىإا ت���عجرأاو ]ة���لودلا
“Best practice guide on national control of brokering activities”.]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
42ُ
OSCE Principles on the Control of Brokering in Small Arms and Lightي[ ينناوقل
Weapons (see above)تقؤولما دايرتس�لا ةس�خر -63 ةدالما
Elements for Effective Legislation on Arms Brokering of the Wassenaarاهئازجأاو ةيران ةحلس�أا دايرتس�ا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ
Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Useي[ في ميقم يرغ ض�خس�ل زوجي -1 ىلع هنم ققحتلا ن���كيم عورس�م ض�رغل ]ةلودلا م���س�ا جرد���
Goods and Technologies (see above)ُ ي[ لىإا ا���تقؤوم ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو
Report of the Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 60/81 to consider further steps to enhance international cooperation in preventing, combating and eradicating illicit brokering in small arms and light weapons (see above)لىإا لوخدلا ة���طقن دنع ميقلما يرغ ض�خس�لا مد���قي نأا ة���طيرس� ,ةد���ح ى���لع ة���لاح لك ض����اس�أا
2.  Tracing:]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timelyُ ي[ ؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةعورس�لما ةيكللما ىلع ليلد )أا(
and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (see above)ةدم اهيف درت ,يلس�ألا هد���لبب ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا اهردس�ت ت���قؤولما ل���قنلا ة���س�خر )ب(
Council of the European Union recommendation on a standard procedure؛أاس�نلما ةلود ينناوق بجوبم ةبولطم تس�يل ةس�خرلا هذه نأا ىلع ليلد وأا ,تقؤولما لقنلا
in member States for cross-border enquiries by police authorities in investigating supply channels for seized or recovered crime-related firearms and؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
the annexed manualُ
43ي[ في ىخوتلما طاس�نلا ىلع ليلد )ج(
“Best practice guide on marking, record-keeping and traceability of smallوأا يران حلس� نم نو���كم وأا ءزج وأا يرا���ن حل���س� يأا ع���يب مد���عب د���هعت/حيرس�ت )د(
arms and light weapons” (see above)ض�خس� لىإا مئاد لكس�ب اهلقن/هلقن وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
Model Legislation on the Marking and Tracing of Firearms (see above)ُ
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) Firearms Tracingي[ لىإا اتقؤوم تدروتس�ا/دروتس�ا ةيرخذ
System.تقؤولما ريدس�تلا ةس�خر في ةددحلما تقؤولما لقنلا ةترف للخ رخآا
3.  End-user  certificatesةيرخذ ةقلط ]...[ ن���م ثركأا وأا/و يران حل���س� ]...[ ن���م ثر���كأا داير���تس�ا زو���جي ل -2
Standard Elements of End-User Certificates and Verification Procedures for.]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد
SALW Exports (see above)ُ
42ي[ لىإا اتقؤوم ادايرتس�ا87 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, “Best practice guide on national control ofقيلعتلا
brokering activities”, in Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light Weapons (Vienna, 2003),ابم ,ض�راعلم تاوعد زاربإا تابلطلا يم ِّدقم ىلع طترس� ُ ي نأا نكيم ,)ج( 1 ةرقفلا ض�خي اميف .ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا دلب في ةيامر وأا ديس� ةطس�نأا وأا ,ةيراجتلا ض�راعلما اهيف ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا دد���ع ر���س�ح في اور���ظني نأا ا���س�يأا تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ي���غبنيو لىإا اتقؤوم ا���هدايرتس�ا ن���كيم ي���تلا ةير���خذلا تا���قلطو ا���هتانوكمو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ءاز���جأاو .مهتلود ,]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا لوخدلا ةطقن في ا���حيرس�ت ميقلما ير���غ ض����خس�لا م ِّد���قي -3 دايرتس�لاب اس�يخرت ]كراملجا ةطلس� مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ رد���س�تو ض�يتفتلاب كراملجا ف���ظوم مو���قيو .ةرداغلما دنع كراملجا فظوم لىإا م َّ دقي تقؤولما عورس�لما ض�رغلاو هناونعو ةس�خرلا لماح مس�ا تقؤولما دايرتس�لا ةس�خر ن َّ
part IV.مس�تت -4
43 Council of the European Union, document 10000/07 ENFOPOL 104 CRIMORG 99 + COR 1.Annex II. List of relevant instruments and documents 147 Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies, End-User Assurances Commonly Used: Consolidated Indicative List 44 4.  Mutual  legal assistance and  extradition UNODC Model Law on Extradition UNODC Model Law on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (for both civil and common law systems) 45 Council of the European Union Act 2000/C 197/01 establishing, in accordance with article 34 of the Treaty on European Union, the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union 46 Convention, drawn up on the basis of article K.3 of the Treaty on European Union, on Mutual Assistance and Cooperation between Customs Administrations 47 Council of the European Union framework decision 2002/584/JHA on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between member States 48 44 Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies, agreed at the 1999 plenary meeting, amended at the 2005 plenary meeting. 45 General Assembly resolution 45/117, annex, as amended by resolution 53/112. 46 Official Journal of the European Communities, C 197, 12 July 2000. 47 Ibid., C 24, 23 January 1998. 48 Ibid., L 190, 18 July 2002.149.]مايأا/اموي ...[ لاح يأاب زواجتت ل يتلا اهتيحلس� ةدم ددتحو ,لقنلا نم ددحلما ةعتمأا نمس� ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هؤوازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا نو���كت نأا ب���جي -5 مدع يغبني هنأا يرغ( ةبوحس�م يرغ مأا ةبوحس�م تناكأا ءاوس� ,هس�ارغأاو ميقلما يرغ ض�خس�لا .)ديبرلاب اهلاس�رإا يتلا ةملس�لاو نمألا تا���يس�تقلم تقؤوم دايرتس�ا ةس�خر ه���يدل ض����خس� لك ل���ثتيم -6 اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لمح ض�خي اميف ]نوناقلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ اهددحي .اهس�رعو اهلقنو نمآلا اهزجحو اهنيزختو ةس�خر عوس�وم نوكت يتلا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهؤوازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لمعتس�ت -7 مئاد لكس�ب لقنت وأا عابت لو ةس�خرلا كلت لماح فرط نم ً ا���يرس�ح ًلا���معتس�ا ت���قؤوم داير���تس�ا .]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ في رخآا ض�خس� لىإا هعم بحس�ي ,]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ت���قؤولما دايرتس�لا ةس�خر ل���ماح ردا���غي ا���مدنع -8 اهنأاس�ب تردس� ي���تلا ةلمعتس�لما يرغ اهتيرخذ ك���لذكو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هءازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا .تقؤولما دايرتس�لاب ةس�خر ةدالما هذه بجوبم تردس� ةس�خر ةطس�اوب ا���تقؤوم ةدروتس�لما فا���نس�ألا لك ى���فعُت -9 .])دايرتس�لا دنع ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و( 8 ةدالما[ ماكحأا نم اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 88 تَّقؤولما روبعلا ةس�خر -64 ةدالما لوخدلا ةطقن في احيرس�ت ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ميلقإل نيرباعلا ض�اخس�ألا لك م ّدقي -1 مهتزوحب نوكت يتلا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لكب ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا ,ض�يتفتلاب ]كراملجا ةطلس� مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم فظوم موقيو .هنم ققحتلا ن���كيم عور���س�م ض����رغل ةلحاس� تقؤولما روبعلا ةس�خر نوكتو .تقؤوم روبع ةس�خر ]كراملجا ةطلس� مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ردس�تو جرد ُ ي[ ةرداغم دنع ]كراملجا ةطلس� م���س�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا مَّ ّ لس�تو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ رو���بع ةتر���فل .]ةلودلا مس�ا قيلعتلا مد���ع ة���لاح في ت���قؤولما رو���بعلا ض����خر ن���م تاءا���نثتس�ا ق���يبطت في ر���ظنلا لود���لل ن���كيم بر���ع ا���نمإاو ة���لودلا م���يلقإا بر���ع ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ل���قن ة���لودلا م���يلقإا بر���ع ا���يدام ا���هلقن مد���عو ة���لودلا لىإا ىر���خأا لو���خد ة���طقن وأا را���طم .)ةيميلقإلا اههايم وأا( ة���حلس�ألا د���جوت ي���تلا ه���تعتمأا وأا ض����خس�لا ناك اذإا ح���يرس�ت يأا ب���لطي ل -2 ة���يكرملجا ة���يلولا ةردا���غم نود ة���يمومع ل���قن ة���ليس�و ة���طس�اوب بر��� ْ عتس� ا���هنمس� ة���يرانلا ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا نو���كت يذ���لا ض����خس�لا ناك اذإا ,ه���تلحر ة���لس�اولم ]ة���لودلا م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل ةزا���يلحا ك���لت نأا ت���بثي نأا كرا���مج ف���ظوم يأا ن���م ب���لط ى���لع ءا���نب ع���يطتس�ي ه���تزوح في ة���هجولا ة���لودو أا���س�نلما ة���لود ين���ناوقل ا���قفو ه���نم ق��� ّقحتلا ن���كيم عور���س�م ض����رغل ي���ه .ةيئاهنلا قيلعتلا نيرفاس�لما ى���لع مكلحا اذه قيبطت باو���س�تس�ا ىد���م في ر���ظنلا تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ن���كيم ةرداغم دنع اهعاديإا ةدا���عإاو مهتعتمأاب حيرس�تلا لىإا نو���جاتحي ل ن���يذلاو م���هتلودل ن���يرباعلا .روبعلا ةلودل ةيكرملجا ةقطنلما تلجس�لا ظفح -65 ةدالما ظفح ةيلوؤوس�م ]ىر���خأا ةس�تمخ ة���طلس� يأا وأا ض�يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا[ جرد��� ُ ي لىو���تت اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل تقؤولما دايرتس�لاو تقؤولما لقنلا ض�خر راد���س�إاب ة���قلعتلما تل���جس�لا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لوخدب تلجس� ظفح كلذ في ابم ,اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو .]ماوعأا/اماع ...[ ةدلم تلجس�لا كلت ظفتحو .اهتداعإا خيراتبو اهتيرخذو89 ةيمازلإلا يرغ ماكحألا -ثلاثلا ءزلجا قيلعتلا للخ اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكم وأا اهئازجأا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل تقؤولما دايرتس�لا وأا لقنلا ىرج اذإا اهطترس�ت يتلا ,ةلماك تاونس� رس�ع ةدلم تلجس�لا ظفح لىإا ةجالحا يفتنت ,ةدودمح ةينمز ةترف ءافتقا لقرعتي لأا نامس�ل ,يلخادلا نوناقلا طترس�ي نأا يغبني هنأا يرغ .لوكوتوبرلا نم 7 ةدالما لىإا تلجس�لا ظفح ,تقؤولما دايرتس�لا وأا لقنلا ض�خرل ةط ّ س�بلما تاءارجإلا رايخب ذخألاب رثألا .أاس�نلما دلب لىإا هتيرخذ وأا هتانوكم وأا هئازجأا وأا يرانلا حلس�لا ةداعإا دّكأاتت نأا ةطس�بلما تاءارجإلا ماكحأل لاثتملا مدع مئارج -66 ةدالما قيلعتلا تاءارجإلاب ةقلعتلما ماكحألل لاثتملا مدع نأاس�ب مئارج ىلع ض�نت نأا في رظنلا لودلل نكيم نم مئللما ىوتس�لما في اس�يأا رظنلا ,ءا���س�تقلا بس�ح ,تاعيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل ي���غبنيو .ة���طس�بلما .ةينطولا ةينوناقلا اهرطأل اقفو مئارلج هذهل ةبس�نلاب يئانلجا دس�قلا تقؤولما روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لا -67 ةدالما ض�يخرت وأا نذإا نودب ريدس�ت وأا دايرتس�اب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م دد���حي[ مو���قي ض����خس� لك -1 لىإا ]دلبلا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ميلقإا نم اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يران ة���حلس�أا يأا���ب رو���بعلا وأا ,نوناقلا اذه نم 64 لىإا 62 نم داوملل اقفو رداس� نيوناق ض�يخرت وأا نذإا نودب ىرخأا ةلود .ةيمرج بكتري ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج بكتري ض�خس� لك بقاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب ةلودلا يرغ ةلود لىإا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت -68 ةدالما ً اتقؤوم اهنم تدروتس�ا يتلا ةيران ةحلس�أا دايرتس�اب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م د َّ دحي[ موقي ض�خس� لك -1 ديعي وأا فانس�ألا هذه ريدس�ت ديعيو ]ةلودلا م���س�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو .ةيمرج بكتري ,ىرخأا ةلود وأا رخآا ض�خس� لىإا اهلقن ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج بكتري ض�خس� لك بقاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 90 ريدس�تلا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدبم ديقتلا مدع -69 ةدالما تَّقؤولما روبعلا وأا دايرتس�لا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لقنب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م ددحي[ موقي ض�خس� لك -1 لو تَّقؤوم ريدس�ت ةس�خرب لمع ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ن���م ا���هتيرخذ وأا ا���هتانوكم وأا ا���هئازجأا وأا للخ ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا ا���هتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهءازجأا وأا ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ك���لت د���يعي .ةيمرج بكتري ,تقؤولما ريدس�تلاب ض�يخترلا ةدم ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج ب���كتري ض����خس� لك ب���قاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �ب تارامتس�ا في ةل ّ لس�م وأا ةئطاخ تامولعم يمدقت -70 ةدالما تقؤولما روبعلا وأا دايرتس�لا وأا ريدس�تلا ض�خر برتعي ,نوناقلا اذه نم 64 لىإا 62 نم داولما بجوبم نذإا ىلع لوس�لحا ض�رغل -1 :يلي ابم ,]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,دس�قلا ىوتس�م ددحي[ ماق ض�خس� يأا نأا ؛ةماه ةقيقح لافغإا وأا ,ةل ّ لس�م وأا ةئطاخ تانايبب ءلدإلا )أا( وأا ةماه ةقيقح ف ّ ر���تح وأا ةئطاخ تانايب ن��� َّ مس�تت تا���مولعم وأا ة���قيثو يمد���قت وأا )ب( ؛اهلفغت .ةيمرج بكترا دق ,هتنادإا دنع ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ةيمرج بكترا يذلا ض�خس�لا بقاعي -2 .]... ةئف نم ةمارغ[ ]... لىإا لس�ت/اهردق ةمارغ[ وأا/و ]... ةدلم نجس�لا[ �بلوألا قفرلما ةيفاص�إا تارابتعا قيلعتلا في ةدراولا ةيمازلإلا ماك���حألا عورس�م ة���لمكتل فياس�إا ض�ن عور���س�م ي���جذومنلا نو���ناقلل لوألا ق���فرلما ن���مس�تي لوكوتوبرل لاثتملا دس�ق ةيلخادلا اهتاعيرس�ت في ماكحألا هذه جاردإاب ةبلاطم يرغ لودلاو .يجذومنلا نوناقلا .هتاذ دح في ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب راتجلاو ةيرخذلاو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكم كوكس�لاو ةينطولا تاس�راملما نم ةدمتس�لما ئدابلماو تاس�راملما لس�فأا قفرلما اذ���ه في دراو���لا ض����نلا ن���مس�تيو لودلا ةدعاس�م وه قفرلما نم دس�قلاو .لوكوتوبرلا يرغ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب ة���قلعتلما ة���مئاقلا ة���يميلقإلاو ة���يلودلا اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نأاس�ب اقاطن عس�وأا يعيرس�ت ماظن ذ���يفنتو دامتعاب ,اهريدقت ىلع ءا���نب ,ما���يقلا ى���لع .ةيمازلإلا لوكوتوبرلا ماكحأل ل ِّ مكم ,اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو عنص�لا -فلأا قيلعتلا نذإلل لماس� ماظن اهيدل نوكي نأا ةلافك ىلع لودلا ةدعاس�لم ةحترقم ماكحأا نع ةرابع هذه ماكحألا عيراس�م .ينعناس�لل ض�يخترلا وأا ينعناص�لل س�يخترلا -1 ض�يخترلا يرياعم -1 ةدالما اهتيرخذ وأا ]اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو[ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ل ةس�خر ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ردس�ت ل -1 اهتددح يتلا ض�يخترلا يرياعم فيوتس�ي بلطلا مدقم نأا نم ةدكأاتم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نكت لم ام .]ض�يخترلا يرياعم دترس� ثيح ةيعرفلا ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم كلت هيلع نوكت نأا بجي ام ىلع وأا ض�يخترلا تارارق ىلع ض�يخترلا يرياعم قيبطت ىلع لوكوتوبرلا ض�ني ل اهيف ض� َّخري يتلا ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا في بلطلا يمدقم ىلع ءانثتس�ا نودب ق َّ بطت يرياعلما ض�عب نأا يرغ .يرياعلما تاعيرس�تلل ةيحلس� ثركأا يرياعلما كلت نوكت دق ,رمألا هبلطتي يذلا ليس�فتلا ىوتس�م لىإا رظنلابو .عينس�تلاب يرياعم نمس�تت نأا يغبني ,تاس�راملما لس�فأل اقفوو .ةيس�يئرلا تاعيرس�تلل ا���هنم ة���يميظنتلا ح���ئاوللا وأا ة���يعرفلا تامظنبم طباور يأا بايغو ةيئانلجا قباوس�لاو يقلخألا فقولما( ة���يس�خس�لاب قلعتت ,تا���ئف ثل���ث ض����يخترلا 91 اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 92 ةماعلا ةينطولا ميقلاو )ع���نس�لل ةينقتلا طورس�لا( ةءا���فكلاو ةردقلماو )ا���يفالماب ة���هيبس� تا���مظنم وأا ة���يمارجإا .)اهيرغو ,ةينطولا ةحلس�لماو ةماعلا ةملس�لا( نواعتلاو نمألا ةمظنم ليلد"و ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا نم ةدمتس�لما ةديلجا تاس�راملما هاندأا ةمئاقلا في درتو )1( "ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ةحلس�ألا ع���نس� ىلع ةينطولا ط���باوس�لا نأا���س�ب تا���س�راملما ل���س�فأل ا���بوروأا في :)5 ةحفس�لا ,نياثلا مس�قلا ,عبارلا لس�فلا( :لم ام ةيرخذلا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ل ةس�خر ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ر ِدس�ُت ل -1 وأا ةلودلا في دس�رلا ّنس� جرد ُ ي[ غلبي بلطلاب ةلس� هل لوؤوس�م ض�خس� يأا وأا بلطلا مدقم نكي )أا( ؛ثركأا وأا ةنس� ]ثركأا قيلعتلا ض�اخس�ألل ةدودمح وأا ةتقؤوم ض�خر رادس�إا ةيناكمإا في رظنلا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس� ىلع ينعتي .ةيفرلحا ةذملتلا ةنهم مُّ لعتل ة َ بقارلما ةيفرلحا ةذملتلا في عورس�لا زوجي ثيح نادلبلا في دس�رلا نس� نود مهرامعأا نوكت نيذلا .نيوناقلا دس�رلا نس� نود نس� في ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةعانس� :نأاب ةدكأاتم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نكت )أا( :بلطلاب ةلس�لا يوذ ينلوؤوس�لما ض�اخس�ألا عيمجو بلطلا مدقم ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةيلهأا ووذ ض�اخس�أا -أا ؛ةماعلا ةملس�لا ىلع ارطخ اولكس�ي نأا نود مهطاس�ن ةس�رامم مهنكيم -ب ؛ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما ةيرارمتس�ا نامس�ل ةيفاك ةيلام دراوم مهيدل -ج ةيعرفلا ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا ناونع جرد ُ ي[ في ةدراولا نيزختلا طورس�ل لاثتملا مهنكيم -د ؛]عنس�لا تقو نمآلا نيزختلل ةمظنلما ىرخألا ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا وأا ؛]ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا هيلع ض�نت يذلا[ ةءافكلا رابتخا اورجأا دق ؛ةيلهألاب نوعتمتي ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في مهليغس�ت بلطلا مدقم حترقي نيذلا ض�اخس�ألا ’ 2 ‘ ؛ةيلهألاب نوعتمتي بلطلا مدقم نم ينبرقلما ض�اخس�ألا عيمج ’ 3 ‘ ؛ةيرخذلا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� طاس�نب علطس�لل ةبس�انم بلطلا في ةددحلما لمعلا نكامأا ’ 4 ‘ هب مايقلا مزتعلما طاس�نلا ّ ض�راعت مدع وأا ةماعلا ةحلس�لما عم ةس�خرلا رادس�إا ض�راعت مدع ’ 5 ‘ ؛ينطولا نمألا حلاس�م عم ةس�خرلا بجوبم .بلطلا يمدقت ةيلمع راطإا في بلطلا بحاس� اهم ّدق يتلا تامولعلما عيمج ةحس� ’ 6 ‘ ةحلس�ألا عنس�ل ةبس�انم نكامأا ,ةدالما هذه نم "4" )ب( 1 ةرقفلا بجوبم ,لمعلا نكامأا برتعت -2 :اذإا ةيرخذلا وأا ةيرانلا Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light )1( .Weapons (Vienna, 2003), part I; available from www.osce.org/files/documents/e/a/13616.pdf93 ةيفاض�إ� ت�رابتع� -لوأل� قفرلم� ةقلعتلم�تاعيرض�تل�لثم،ةلض�ل�ت�ذىرخأل�ماكحأل�وأ�ةيميظنتل�حئ�ولل�لىإ�ت�راض�إ�جردت[ )أ�( ص�يخترل�طورض�بةقلعتلم�تاعيرض�تل�و؛ىرخأل�لمعل�نكامأ�وأ�لماعلم�لخ�دةينهلم�ةملاض�ل�وةينهلم�ةحض�لاب ؛]اهيرغو ؛ةرطلخ� ةطض�نأل� ص�عبب علاطض�لاب �ذهبقفرمجرد ُ ي[فيةدر�و���ل�طورض�لللثتتملمعل�نكامأابةدو���جولم�ن���يزختل�ق���ف�رمت���ناك )ب( مظنتيتل�اهيرغوأ�ةيعرفل�تاعيرض�تل�نيوانعجردتوأ�ينعناض�للةبض�نلابنيزختل�طورض�نمض�تينوناقل� .]عنض�ل� تقو نمآل� نيزختل� قيلعتل� اهئ�زجأ�وةيرانل�ةحلض�أل�نمأ�ءاض�تقل"ةبض�انلم�يرب�دتل�"لودل�ذختتنأ�لوكوتوبرل�ن���م11ةدا���لم�ي���ض�تقت ءاض�قل�واهعنمواهبيرض�توأ�ا���هن�دقفوأ�اهتقرض�ثد�وحفض�كل���جأ�نم،ع���نض�ل�ت���قوا���هتيرخذوا���هتان ّ وكمو ةينمأل�يرب�دتل�ةعيبطد���يدتحرمأ�لودللدوعي�ذهلوةبولطلم�ير���ب�دتل�ة���عيبطلو���كوتوبرل�د ّد���حيلو.ا���هيلع ةر�دإ�"ةنونعلم�21-05ةدحول�و"ة���حلض�أل�نمتانوزخلم�ةر�دإ�"ة���نونعلم�20-05ةد���حول�فيدر���تو(ة���بولطلم� �ذهبةيفاض�إ�ة���يرايتخ�تاهيجوت،ةيرغض�ل�ة���حلض�أل�ةبق�رلمةيلودل�ير���ياعلم�نم"ةير���خذل�ن���متا���نوزخلم� اهتانوكمواهئ�زجأ�وةيرانل�ةحلض�أل�نيزختطرض�ىلعكلذيوطني،ة���يئاض�قل�تا���يلول�ص����عبفيو.)نأا���ض�ل� درمجينبتايض�تقلم�قاطنحو�تريو.اهليوتحواهعايض�واهتقرض�ع���نمدض�قةميلض�وة���نمآ�ة���قيرطبا���هتيرخذو ددعونوزخلم�دجويثيحعدو���تض�لم�داعبأابقلعتتةلض�فمماكحأ�ونوز���خلم�لىإ�رو���هملج�لو���ض�ومد���عنا���مض� ،نايحأل�بلغأ�فيو.ا���هلامعتض��بجييتل�ةبق�رلم�ةز���هجأ�ونوزخلم�ةض��رحم���هيلعب���جين���يذل�ص����اخض�أل� روطت عمةلوهض�ب اهثيدتحنكيمةلض�فنمةيعرفةيميظنت حئ�ول فينيزختل�طورض�ب ةقلعتلم�تافض��ولم�دجوت .ةينمأل� ايجولونكتل� لاغتض�لالةيلهألاباعتمتم،ةدا���لم�هذهنم ’ 3 ‘ )ب(1ةرقفل�قا���يض�في،ب���لطل�مد���قمبر���تعي -3 :�ذإ� عناض�ك ]ةلودل�مض��جرد ُ ي[فيبلطل�مدقمةن�دإ�،بلطل�يمدقتلبق]ت�ونض�رض�ع[ةترفللاخ،متيلم )أ�( ةيمرلج�هذهتناكء�وض�،]نو���ناقل��ذهفيةدر�وةيمرج[]ةلض�ل�ت�ذة���يمرلج�جرد���ت[�بر���خآ�ناك���مفيوأ� ؛لمأ� ]ةلودل� مض�� جرد ُ ي[ نوناق بجوبمةيمرجبرتعت ؛ةمظنمةيم�رجإ� ةعامجفياكيرض� وأ� �وض�ع]�دبأ� نكي لمو[ ص�يل بلطل� مدقم )ب( ؛عناض�كلمعلل حلاض�يرغهلعتج]ةيدض�جوأ�[ ةيلقعةلاحنمنياعي لبلطل� مدقمناك )ج( ؛لوحكل� وأ� ت�ردخلم� لامعتض�� ءاض�أ� نأ� بلطل� مدقلم قبض�ي لم  )د( .ص�رغل� �ذهل ت�داهض�ب ءلدإل� للاخنمهكولض�و هتيرض� نض�حبلطل� مدقمتبثأ�  )�ه( قيلعتل� ص�خرىلعلوض�لحاب"ة���يلهألابنوعتمتينيذل�ص����اخض�ألال"ىو���ض�لود���ل�ح���مض�تلأ�لو���كوتوبرل�طتر���ض�يل دحومفيرعتلىإ�لوض�ول�بعض�ل�ن���م�ذهلوةينطول�مظنل�فيةعبتلم�ة���ينوناقل�ة���ض�راملم�ف���لتختو.ع���نض�ل� اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ،ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 94 ،كولس�لاو ص�خس�لا ةيرس�ب ةقلعتلما تايس�تقلما ديدتح رمأا لودلل دوعيو ."ةيلهألا" يربعت هيلع يو���طني ا���لم ما���عو .عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل ،تدجو نإا ةس�خرلا رادس�إا مدع رارق ةعجارم -2 ةدالما ةعجارلم ةس�خرلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا بلطي نأا لس�فلا اذه بجوبم ابلط م ّدق يذلا ص�خس�لل زوجي :]ص�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ رارق ةعجارم ]ص�يخترلا تارارق ؛ةس�خرلا رادس�إا مدعب )أا( .ةس�خرلا ىلع طورس� ص�رف وأا )ب( عناص�لا ةص�خر ىلع ةقبطنم ةماع ماكحأا -2 قيلعتلا .ينعناس�لل ص�خر رادس�إا ماظنل ةيرادإلاو ةيئارجإلا رس�انعلاب ةيلاتلا ةحترقلما ماكحألا قلعتت عناس� ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط -3 ةدالما بجوبم اهتيرخذ وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةس�خر ى���لع لوس�لحا بلطي يذ���لا ص����خس�لا مد���قي -1 .]ص�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا ابلط لس�فلا اذه .]ص�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ امهيلع قفاوت نيذللا ةقيرطلاو لكس�لا بس�ح بلطلا مدقي -2 .ةس�خرلا بلطل ةبس�نلاب اهيلع ص�وس�نلما موس�رلا بلطلا مدقم عفدي -3 عناس� ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل ةبولطلما تامولعلما -4 ةدالما :يلي ابم لس�فلا اذه بجوبم ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل يعيبطلا ص�خس�لا بلط قفري -1 :كلذ في ابم ،بلطلا مدقم ةيوه تبثي ام )أا( ؛مس�لا ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةماقإلا لمح ’ 2 ‘ ؛ةثيدح ةيفارغوتوف ةروس� ’ 3 ‘ :يلي ابم اقفرم ،ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في هفيظوت بلطلا مدقم حترقي ص�خس� يأا ةيوه تبثي ام )ب( ؛مس�لا ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةماقإلا لمح ’ 2 ‘ 95 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما ؛ةثيدح ةيفارغوتوف ةروس� ’ 3 ‘ ؛بلطلا مدقم تامس�ب نم ةلماك ةعوممج )ج( ؛ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في هفيظوت بلطلا مدقم حترقي ض�خس� يأا تامس�ب نم ةلماك ةعوممج )د( نم ) ه( "1" )ب( 1 ةرقفلا[ في دراولا ةءافكلا رابتخا زايتجا في حاجنلا ينبت ةءافك ةداهس� )�ه( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )ض�يخترلا يرياعم( 1 ةدالما يرياعم( 1 ةدا���لما نم )�ه( 3 ةرقفلا[ في در���ي ا���مك كو���لس�لاو ةير���س�لا ن���س�ح ت���بثت تادا���هس� )و( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )ض�يخترلا في )ض�يخترلا يرياعم( 1 ةدالما نم )د(و )ج( 3 ناترقفلا[ �ل ا���قفو ة���بولطم ة���يبط ةدا���هس� يأا )ز( ؛]لوألا قفرلما ؛عنس�تس� يتلا ةحلس�ألا نع تامولعم )ح( ؛ةيراجتلا لامعألا اهيف ىرجتس� يتلا نكامألا ناونع )ط( .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ اهبلطت يتلا ىرخألا تامولعلما عيمج )ي( قيلعتلا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط يمدقتل ةبولطلما تامولعلما ليس�افت جاردإا في رظنلا نو ّ دوي تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس� لعل .يس�يئرلا عيرس�تلا في اهجاردإا لدب ةيميظنت حئاول وأا يوناث عيرس�ت في عنس�لا ةدا���لما هذ���ه ى���س�تقبم ة���يرابتعا ة���ئيه ه���مدقت يذ���لا ة���س�خرلا ى���لع لو���س�لحا ب���لط ق���فري -2 :يلي ابم ؛ض�خرم طاس�نب موقت اهنأا تبثت ىرخأا ةقيثو يأا وأا يس�اس�ألا اهماظن وأا ةكرس�لا ض�يس�أات قئاثو )أا( ؛عنس�تس� يتلا ةحلس�ألا نع تامولعم )ب( ؛]ةلودلل ةيرس�لا تامولعلماو ةيكللما ةياملح ةلودلا يرياعم ناونع[ �ل لثتتم ةكرس�لا ّنأا ىلع ليلد )ج( ؛بلطلا ةمدقم ةكرس�لا في ةيبنجألا ةيكللما وأا/و ةرطيس�لاب ةقلعتم تامولعم )د( قيلعتلا رداس�لا "ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ىلع ةينطولا طباوس�لا نأاس�ب تاس�راملما لس�فأا ليلد" ض�ني ّنأا اهنم رومأا ةلمج ىلع )6 ةحفس�لا ,ثلاثلا م���س�قلا ,عبارلا لس�فلا( ابوروأا في نوا���عتلاو ن���مألا ة���مظنم ن���ع يغبني هلعأا 4 ةدالما نم )د(-)أا( 2 ةرقفلا في ةددحلما تامولعلما نم لس�ألا قبط خس�نلا وأا ةيلس�ألا قئاثولا .ةنيعلما ض�يخترلا ةئيه لىإا م َّ دقت نأا :كلذ في ابم ةيرابتعلا ةئيهلا ليوؤوس�م عيمج ةيوه )�ه( ؛مس�لا ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةماقإلا لمح ’ 2 ‘ اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 96 ةيلوؤوس�لما لىوتيس� يذلا ض�خس�لا ينيعت ,ةس�خرلا اهنأاس�ب تردس� يتلا لمعلا نكامأاب قلعتي اميف )و( ؛نكامألا هذه في لامعألل ةيمويلا ةرادإلا نع ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في هليغس�ت بلطلا مدقم حترقي ض�خس� يأاو لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا ةيوه تبثي ام )ز( :كلذ في ابم ؛مس�لا ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةماقإلا لمح ’ 2 ‘ ؛ةثيدح ةيفارغوتوف ةروس� ’ 3 ‘ هليغس�ت بلطلا مدقم حترقي ض�خس� يأا تامس�بو لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا تامس�ب نم ةلماك ةعوممج ’ 4 ‘ ؛ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في 1 ةدالما نم ) ه( "1" )ب( 1 ةرقفلا[ في دراولا ةءافكلا رابتخا زايتجا في حاجنلا ينبت ةءافك ةداهس� )ح( هليغس�ت بلطلا مدقم حترقي ض�خس� يأاو لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لاب قلعتي اميف ]لوألا قفرلما في )ض�يخترلا يرياعم( )�ه( 3 ةرقفلا[ في دري امك لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا كولس�و ةيرس� نس�ح تبثت تاداهس� )ط( ؛ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في ؛]لوألا قفرلما في ,)ض�يخترلا يرياعم( 1 ةدالما نم 1 ةدالما نم )د(و )ج( 3 ناترقفلا[ �ل اقفو ةبولطم لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لاب ةقلعتم ةيبط تاداهس� يأا )ي( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )ض�يخترلا يرياعم( ؛ةيراجتلا لامعألا اهيف ىرجتس� يتلا نكامألا ناونع )ك( .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ اهبلطت يتلا ىرخألا تامولعلما )ل( عناس�لا ةس�خر ليس�افت -5 ةدالما :لس�فلا اذه بجوبم ةرداس�لا ةس�خرلا ددتح ؛ايعيبط اس�خس� ةس�خرلا لماح ناك اذإا ةس�خرلا لماح ةماقإا لمحو مس�ا )أا( ؛ةيرابتعا ةئيه ةس�خرلا لماح ناك اذإا عناس�لا ليجس�ت ناكمو ةكرس�لا عس�وو مس�ا )ب( ؛ةس�خرلا رادس�إا خيرات )ج( ؛ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ةياهن خيرات )د( ؛اهب ض�خرلما ةطس�نألا )�ه( ؛ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا )و( :ةثيدح ةيس�خس� ةروس� )ز( ؛يعيبط ض�خس�ل ةس�خرلا تردس� ةلاح في ض�خس�لل ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةيرابتعا ةئيهل ةس�خرلا تردس� ةلاح في لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لل وأا ’ 2 ‘ :عيقوت )ح( ؛يعيبط ض�خس�ل ةس�خرلا تردس� ةلاح في ينعلما ض�خس�لا ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةيرابتعا ةئيهل ةس�خرلا تردس� ةلاح في لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا وأا ’ 2 ‘ ؛ةس�خرلا اهيلع قبطنت يتلا ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما ناونع )ط(97 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما ئدابلما وأا نو���ناقلاب ةقفرلما ةيميظنتلا ح���ئاوللا ناونع[ في ة���نيبلما ن���يزختلا طور���س�ل ض����خلم )ي( ؛]ينعناس�لل ةبس�نلاب نيزختلا طورس� نمس�تت يتلا ةيهيجوتلا )عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع ةس�ورفلما دو���يقلا( 6 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ةس�خرلا ى���لع ق���بطنت د���ق دو���يق يأا )ك( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في طورس�( 7 ةدالماو يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم 6 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ةس�خرلا ىلع قبطنت دق طورس� يأا )ل( .]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا قيلعتلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ىلع ةينطولا طباوس�لا نأا���س�ب تاس�راملما لس�فأل ابوروأا في نواعتلاو ن���مألا ة���مظنم ل���يلد ض����ني ,لمس�ي نأا يغبني ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا عنس�ب ض�يخترلا ّنأا ىلع ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا مس�قلا ,عبارلا لس�فلا( هل���عأا 5 ةدالما نم )و(-)ب( ة���يعرفلا تارقفلا في ةدد���حلما تا���مولعلما ,ل���قألا ى���لع .)6 ةحفس�لا ,ثلاثلا عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع ةس�ورفلما دويقلا -6 ةدالما .ةس�خرلا ىلع ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ اهس�رفت دويق يأل عناس�لا ةس�خر عس�خت -1 .ةس�خرلا اهل عس�خت دويق يأل عناس�لا ةس�خر لماح لثتيم -2 :ةيلاتلا دويقلل ,ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلاب ض�اس�لما نود ,ةس�خر لك عس�خت -3 ؛رخآا ض�خس� لىإا ةس�خرلا لقن زوجي ل )أا( .]ىرخأا دويق[ )ب( ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم ةس�خرلا فيو ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا في اهنيمس�ت يغبني ينعناس�لا تايلمع ىلع دويق ض�رف ض�يخترلا تائيهل زوجي :ىلع دويق ض�رفت دق ,لاثلما ليبس� ىلعف .اهس�فن .اهعنس� نكيم يتلا ةيرخذلا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةيمك رظتح ,لثم ,ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض����عب في( اهعنس� نكيم يتلا ةير���خذلا وأا ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا عاو���نأا وأا/و يتلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةعانس�ب لإا ينعناس�لل ض�يخترلا زوجي لو ةيلآلا ةحلس�ألا لثم ةحلس�ألا عاونأا ض�عب .)ةينوناق ةقيرطب اهتزايح نكيم ض�اخس�ألل لإا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيبب ينعناس�لل ض�يخترلا ,لثم ,زوجي ل( ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا لقن وأا عيب وأا/و .)ريدس�تلل وأا ,مهل ض�خرلما راجتلا وأا ةحلس�ألا ليغس�ت ةداعإا نم ينعناس�لا عنم ,لثم ,نكيم( اهب علطس�لا ينعناس�لل نكيم يتلا ةطس�نألا وأا/و .)اهليغس�ت ةداعإا وأا اهليوتح وأا ةيرانلا ر���خآا ض����خس� م���س�ا لىإا ة���س�خرلا ل���قن نو���كي نأا ي���غبني ه���نأا يأا( ة���س�خرلا ل���يوتح ة���يناكمإا وأا/و فر���س�تلما لىإا ة���س�خرلا ل���يوحتل ة���بس�نلاب ,ل���ثم ,تاءا���نثتس�لا ض����عب ق���يبطت زو���جيو .ا���عورس�م اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 98 ة���يفس�ت ض����رغب ,ر���س�عأا وأا ع���ناس�لا ض����لفأا اذإا م��� ّ يق لىإا وأا ع���ناس�لا ةا���فو ة���لاح في ة���كترلا في .)ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما عناس� ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا طورس� -7 ةدالما قيلعتلا تاعيرس�تلا يغئاس�ل نكيم ,يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم 6 ةدالما في ةدراولا ةيمازلإلا ض�يخترلا طورس� لىإا ةفاس�إلاب :لياتلاك ىرخأا طورس� في رظنلا :ةيلاتلا ةيفاس�إلا طورس�لل عنس� ةس�خر لك عس�خت الم اقفو رخآا ض�خس� وأا( ةطرس� طباس� ض�يتفتب ,لو���قعم تقو يأا في ,ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ح���مس�ي )أا( نم ض�مالخا لس�فلا[ �ل ا���قفو ةس�خرلا لماح اهب ظفتحي يتلا تل���جس�لاو تا���مولعملل )ح���ئاوللا ه���يلع ض����نت ؛]نوناقلا )اهيمدقت بجاولا ريراقتلا( 38 ةدا���لما[ �ل اقفو ريراقت يمد���قت طرس�ل ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ل���ثتيم )ب( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم ىلع ىرخألا نود ةدحاولاب ذخألا فقوتيو .اعم )ب(و )أا( ينتيعرفلا ينترقفلا جاردإا يرورس�لا نم نوكي ل دق تلجس�لا ظفح ةيلوؤوس�م هيف عقت اماظن ,لثم ,ةلودلا تراتخا اذإاف .ةلودلا هراتخت يذلا تلجس�لا ظفح ماظن اماظن ةلودلا ترا���تخا اذإا ,نكلو .ةبس�انم تلجس�لا ك���لت ض�يتفت ة���يحلس� نو���كت كاذإا ,ع���ناس�لا ق���تاع ى���لع ليس�فتلاب ينبت ةمظتنم ريراقت لىإا جاتحتس�ف ,اهب ض�خرلما ةطس�نألا تل���جس� عيمجب ة���لودلا ه���بجوبم ظ���فتتح .تذفُن يتلا اهب ض�خرلما ةطس�نألا الم اقفو رخآا ض�خس� وأا( ةطرس� طباس� ض�يتفتب ,لوقعم ت���قو يأا في ,ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ح���مس�ي )ج( لماح ةزوح في ةدوجولما ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا نيزختب قلعتي ا���ميف ةس�خرلا لماح ق���فارلم )ح���ئاوللا ه���يلع ض����نت ؛ةس�خرلا :يلي ابم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ةس�خرلا لماح غّ لبي )د( في ,ةس�خرلا في ةددحلما ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ل���مع ن���كامأا ن���م ف���نس� يأل عا���يس� وأا ة���قرس� يأا ’ 1 ‘ ؛عايس�لا وأا ةقرس�لاب ]ةس�خرلا لماح مل ِع[ نم ةعاس� نيرس�عو عبرأا نوس�غ ؛]مايأا ةعبس�[ للخ ,عنس�لا طاس�نب ةس�خرلا لماح موقي ثيح لمعلا نكامأا ناونع في يريغت يأا ’ 2 ‘ ؛]مايأا ةعبس�[ للخ ,ةس�خرلا لماح اهلمعتس�ي يتلا نيزختلا قفارم في يريغت يأا ’ 3 ‘ ؛]مايأا ةعبس�[ للخ ,ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما هل ِّغس�ت ض�خس� يأا ةيوه في يريغت يأا ’ 4 ‘ لل���خ ة���كرس�لا ي���فظوم ة���يوه في ير���يغت يأا ,ة���يرابتعا ة���ئيه ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ناك اذإا ’ 5 ‘ .]مايأا ةعبس�[99 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما قيلعتلا ىلع ض�يخترلا ةئيه نوكت نأا مهلما نمف ,قئاثولاو تامولعلما ض�عب يمدقتب ينهر ع���ناس�لا ة���س�خر ح���نم ّنأا ا���بم قفارم لثم( ض�يخترلل ىرخأا طورس�ب ةلس� تاذ تناك اذإا ةس�اخ ,قئاثولا وأا تامولعلما كلت في يريغت يأاب ملع .)نيزختلا ض�يخترلا طورس� يريغت -8 ةدالما ةس�خر ىلع ض����رفي طر���س� يأا ت���قو يأا في ير���غت نأا ]ض����يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل زو���جي -1 .عناس�لا .يريغتلا كلذب ةس�خرلا لماح غلبإا دعب اذفان لس�فلا اذه في دراو طرس� يريغت حبس�ي -2 ض�يخترلا طورس� يريغت رارق ةعجارم -9 ةدالما لجأا نم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا بلط يمدقت ةس�خرلا لماح/عناس�لا ةس�خر لمالح زوجي .ةس�خرلا طورس� نم طرس� يأا يريغتب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ رارق ةعجارم ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ةدم -10 ةدالما خيرات وأا ةس�خرلا رادس�إا خيرات نم ءادتبا تاونس�/ةنس� ]...[ ةدلم ةيراس� عناس�لا ةس�خر ىقبت -1 نع فقوتت وأا ةروكذلما ةد���لما لبق غلت وأا مَّلس�ت لم ام ,ة���س�خرلا في دد���حي يذ���لا ,ة���س�خرلل ق���حللا د���يدجتلا .]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع ةس�ورفلما دويقلا( 6 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو نايرس�لا عناس�لا ةس�خر ديدتج -11 ةدالما بلط يمدقت ةس�خرلا لمالح زوجي ,لس�فلا اذهل اقفو ةحونمم ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم ءاهتنا لبق -1 .اهديدجتب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ امهيلع قفاوت نيذللا ةقيرطلاو لكس�لا بس�ح بلطلا مدقي -2 ةلس�لا يوذ ينلوؤوس�لما ض����اخس�ألا نم يأا يرغت اذإا ,ة���يرابتعا ةئيه ن���م ب���لط يمد���قت ة���لاح في -3 :يلي ابم بلطلا قفري ,ةس�خرلا نايرس� للخ ةس�خرلاب ؛ددلجا ض�اخس�ألا ةيوه تبثي ام )أا( .عباس�ألا تامس�ب نم ةلماك ةعوممج )ب( اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 100 مدقم نم ب ّ رقم ض�خس� ةمث ناك اذإا ,ةدالما هذه نم 3 ةرقفلا في ةدراولا طورس�لا لىإا ةفاس�إلاب -4[ :يلي ابم بلطلا قفري ,]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل هنع فس�كي لم ديدجتلا بلط ؛هناونعو ب ّ رقلما ض�خس�لا كلذ مس�ا نمس�تي نايب )أا( ةعوممج ىلع لوس�لحا ر ّذعت اذإا ,وأا ب ّ رقلما ض�خس�لا كلذ عباس�أا تامس�ب نم ةلماك ةعوممج )ب( نع ةفورعم تامولعم ّيأا ,كلذ ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ تطترس�ا لاح في ,ع���باس�ألا تا���مس�ب ن���م ة���لماك ].برقلما ض�خس�لا كلذ .ض�خرلا ديدجتل هيلع ض�وس�نلما بس�انلما مس�رلا بلطلا مدقم عفدي -5 نم ناك اذإا ,ك���لذكو ةس�خر ديدتج ض�فر وأا د���يدتج ]ض����يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل زو���جي -6 ض�رف وأا ض�يخترلا طور���س� يريغت وأا ليدبت ]ض����يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل زو���جي ,ة���س�خرلا ير���يغت رر���قلما .ةس�خرلا ىلع ةيفاس�إا طورس� قيلعتلا ,ةيلمع عاودلو ,كلذ مغرو .ض�خرلا ديدتج نم نّكيم اماظن لودلا ق��� ّ بطت نأا ةرور���س�ب لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�قي ل لمالح زوجيو ةنيعم ةترف دعب ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ءاهتنا ىلع ض�نت اماكحأا ض�يخترلا ماظن نمس�تي نأا يغبني ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل ب���لط لك عم لماعتلا ,كلذ نم لدب ,ن���كيمو .ا���هديدتم وأا ة���س�خرلا د���يدتج ة���س�خرلا .ةديدج ةس�خر ىلع لوس�حلل اديدج ابلط هرابتعاب رظنلا للخ ةس�خرلاب لمعلا ديدتم -12 ةدالما ديدجتلا بلط في ]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ديدتج( 11 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ةس�خرلا ديدتج ةس�خرلا لماح بلط اذإا كلذ للخ ةيراس� لظت ةس�خرلا نأا بر���تعي ,ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ءاس�قنا خ���يرات ل���بق ب���لطلا ر���مأا في ّت���بي لمو .بلطلا رمأا في تبلا ىتح هنم ءادتباو خيراتلا عناس�لا ةس�خر ديدتج طورس� -13 ةدالما :نم ةدكأاتم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نكت لم ام عناس� ةس�خر ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ د ِّدتج ل ةلس�لا يوذ ينلوؤوس�لما ض�اخس�ألا ع���يمجو هنم ينبرقلما ض�اخس�ألا عيمجو ب���لطلا مد���قم ع���تتم )أا( ؛ةيلهألاب ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما في لماع ض�خس� يأاو بلطلاب ؛عنس�لا طاس�ن ةلس�اولم ةبس�انم بلطلا في ةددحلما لمعلا نكامأا نأا )ب( ناونع جرد��� ُ ي[ في ا���هيلع ض����وس�نلما ن���يزختلا طور���س�ل لا���ثتملا ى���لع ب���لطلا مد���قم ةرد���ق )ج( ةبس�نلاب نمآلا نيزختلا طور���س� نمس�تت يتلا ةيهيجوتلا ئدابلما وأا ة���يميظنتلا ح���ئاولل ة���بحاس�لما تا���عيرس�تلا ؛]ينعناس�لل101 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما .ةماعلا ةحلس�لما عم اس�راعتم ض�يل ةس�خرلا ديدتج )د( ةس�خرلا ديدتج مدع رارق ةعجارم -14 ةدالما ةلوخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل بلط يمدقت لس�فلا اذهل اقفو ةس�خرلا ديدجتل ابلط مدق ض�خس�ل زوجي .ةس�خرلا ديدتج مدعب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ رارق ةعجارلم ]ض�يخترلا تارارق ةعجارلم اهلقنو اهؤواغلإاو عناص�لا س�خر قيلعت -3 عناس�لا ةس�خر قيلعت -15 ةدالما بابس�أل[ ةد���كأاتم تناك اذإا ع���ناس�لا ة���س�خر ق���يلعت ]ض����يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل زو���جي -1 في )ع���ناس�لا ة���س�خر ءا���غلإا( 16 ةدا���لما[ �ل ا���قفو ض����يخترلا ءا���غلإل با���بس�أا دو���جو ة���يناكمإا ن���م ]ة���لوقعم .]لوألا قفرلما .اهلماح لىإا ةس�خرلا قيلعتب اراعس�إا مدقت ,ةس�خر قيلعت ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ تررق اذإا -2 :ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةرقفلا بجوبم راعس�إلا -3 ؛تقّ ل ُ ع دق ةس�خرلا ّنأاب )أا( ؛ةس�خرلا ءاغلإل ابابس�أا ةمث ّنأا نم ةدكأاتم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ّنأاب )ب( ؛ءاغلإلا بابس�أاب )ج( نوس�غ في كلذ ّ متي نأا ىلع حترقلما نأاس�ب ةيطخ ريراقت مد���قي نأا زو���جي ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ّنأا���ب )د( .راعس�إلا يمدقت نم اموي 28 زوجي ,ةدا���لما هذه ن���م 2 ةر���قفلل ا���قفو ة���س�خر ق���يلعتب را���عس�إا م��� ّ لس�ت ن���م ا���موي 28 نو���س�غ في 4 ءاغلإل ةحترقلما بابس�ألا ىلع در���لل ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا ةيطخ ر���يراقت يمد���قت ة���س�خرلا ل���مالح .ةس�خرلا ,ةدالما هذه نم 4 ةرقفلل اقفو ةس�خرلا لماح نم ةيطخ ريراقت يأا مّ لس�ت نم ]اموي 14[ نوس�غ في 5 : ّنأا دكؤوي ةس�خرلا لماح لىإا اراعس�إا ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ مدقت ؛ةيطلخا ريراقتلا تس�رعتس�او تمّ لس�ت ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ )أا( :دق ةس�خرلا قيلعت )ب( ؛رمتس�ا ’ 1 ‘ .يغلأا وأا ’ 2 ‘ :امدنع قيلعتلا يهتني -6 اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 102 ؛قيلعتلا يغلي ايطخ اراعس�إا ةس�خرلا لماح لىإا ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ م ّدقت )أا( .نوناقلا اذه بجوبم ةس�خرلا ىغلت وأا )ب( .قيلعتلا ةترف للخ ةيرخذلا وأا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةس�خرلا لمالح زوجي ل -7 عناس�لا ةس�خر ءاغلإا -16 ةدالما ]اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو[ ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةس�خر ءاغلإا ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل زوجي -1 :اذإا اهتيرخذ وأا ةئيه وأا رخآا ض�خس� لىإا ةس�خرلا لقنُت لمو[ عناس�ك هلمع ةس�رامم نع ةس�خرلا لماح فقوت )أا( ؛]نوناقلا اذه بجوبم ىرخأا ةس�خرلا لماح ّنأا نم ةلوقعم بابس�أا ىلع ءانب ةدكأاتم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ تناك وأا )ب( ؛ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلطب قلعتي اميف ةللس�م وأا ةئطاخ تامولعم ملع نع م ّدق )ض�يخترلا يرياعم( ,1 ةدالما[ في ةدراولا طورس�لا عيمج فيو���تس�ي ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح د���عي لم وأا )ج( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في اقفو ةس�خرلا ى���لع ةس�ورفلما دويقلا ن���م ديقل ة���ميس�ج ة���فلامخ ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ب���كترا وأا )د( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع ةس�ورفلما دويقلا( 6 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ةس�خرلا ىلع ةس�ورفلما طورس�لا نم طر���س�ل ةميس�ج ةفلامخ ةس�خرلا ل���ماح ب���كترا وأا )����ه( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا طورس�( 7 ةدالماو يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم 6 ةدالما[ �ل نيدأا دق ةس�خرلا لماح ناكأا ءاوس�[ نوناقلا اذه ماكحأا ن���م م���كحب ة���س�خرلا ل���ماح ّل���خأا وأا )و( ؛]ل مأا ةفلاخلماب طبترم مرج باكتراب .عنس�لا ةس�خر ةزايلح الحاس� ض�يل ةس�خرلا لماح ّنأا ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ تررق وأا )ز( لىإا ةس�خرلا ءاغلإاب ارا���عس�إا مدقت ,ام ةس�خر ءاغلإا ]ض�يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ترر���ق اذإا -2 ؛اهلماح :ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةرقفلا بجوبم راعس�إلا ديفي -3 ؛ةس�خرلا ءاغلإاب )أا( ؛ض�يخترلا ءاغلإل ابابس�أا ةمث ّنأا نم ةدكأاتم ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ّنأاب )ب( ؛بابس�ألا كلت ةعيبطب )ج( نوس�غ في كلذ ّ متي نأا ىلع ,حترقلما نأاس�ب ةيطخ ريراقت مدقي نأا ةس�خرلا لمالح زوجي هّنأاب )د( .راعس�إلا يمدقت نم اموي 28103 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما قيلعتلا ,كلذ عمو .ينعناس�لا ض�يخرت ماظن في ةس�خرلا ءاغلإاب حمس�ت ماكحأا جاردإا ةرورس� ىلع لوكوتوبرلا ض�ني ل ماظن في ةيلاعفلا قيقحتل يرور���س� رس�نع اهتيحلس� ءاهتنا لبق ةس�خر ءا���غلإا ى���لع ض����يخترلا ة���ئيه ةرد���قف ببس�ب عورس�لما يرغ عنس�لاب ,ل���ثم ,مهُّتا وأا ض�يخترلا طورس� ض�خس� كهتنا لا���ح في ,ل���فكي ا���بم ض����يخترلا .عينس�تلا ةطس�نأاب مايقلا ةس�خر بحس� ,ةعنس�لما ةحلس�ألا مس�و مدع ءاغلإلا وأا قيلعتلا رارق في نعطلا قح -17 ةدالما .]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل ةيئارجإلا دعاوقلل اقبط ءاغلإلا وأا قيلعتلاب رارق في نعط بلط يمدقت نكيم اهيف فرص�تلاو تاكلتملما ميلص�ت -4 قئاثولاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ميلس�ت -18 ةدالما قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ديدتج( 11 ةداملل اقفو د َّ دتج لو[ عنس� ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم يهتنت امدنع ءاغلإا( 16 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ىغلت وأا ,]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر قيلعت( 15 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو قَّلعت وأا ,]لوألا :]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل ةس�خرلا لماح مِّ لس�ي ,]لوألا قفرلما في )عناس�لا ةس�خر ةددحلما لمعلا نكامأاب[ ةس�خرلا لماح ةزوح في دجوت يتلا ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمج )أا( ؛]ةس�خرلا في ؛عنس�لا ةس�خر )ب( ؛ةس�خرلا لماح ىدل يتلا تلجس�لا عيمج )ج( .ءاغلإلا وأا قيلعتلاب راعس�إلا نم مايأا ]ةعبس�[ للخ قيلعتلا وأا عنس�لا ةس�خر ةيحلس� ةدم ءاهتنا د���نع عنس�لا ض�خرو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا م��� ّ لس�ي نأا ض����خس� ى���لع ناك اذإا قئاثولاو ةحلس�ألا ميلس�ت تقو ض�خي اميف ةلس�فنم تايس�تقم ةاعارم يرورس�لا نم نوكي دق ,اهئاغلإا وأا اهقيلعت .اهقيرط نع ءاغلإلا وأا قيلعتلاب راعس�إلا ملُتس�ا يتلا لئاس�ولا رابتعلا ينعب اذخأا اهيف فرس�تلاو ةمَّلس�لما تاكلتملما يرمدت -19 ةدالما ةحلس�ألا ميلس�ت( 18 ةدالما[ �ل اقبط ةس�خر لماح اهملس�ي يتلا ةيرخذلاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمج -1 :نأا بجي ]لوألا قفرلما في )قئاثولاو في وأا قفرم في ليس�فتلاب ة���ن ّ يبم ةلودلا اهراتخت يتلا ير���مدتلا ة���قيرط دد���تح[ �ل ا���قبط ر��� َّ مدت )أا( ؛]ةقفارلما ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 104 .]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم تاهيجوت يأل اقفو اهيف فرس�ت ُ ي وأا )ب( :ةدالما هذه نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ةمَّلس�لما ةحلس�ألا في فرس�تلا لاح في -2 ؛]يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم 10 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو مس�و ةملعب ةمَّلس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�وت )أا( فرس�تلا في ةعبتلما فرس�تلا قئارطل بو���تكم لجس�ب ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ظ���فتتح )ب( .]يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم 15 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ةمَّلس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا في مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ظفتتح ,ةدالما هذه نم )ب( 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ةمَّلس�لما ةيرخذلا في فرس�تلا لاح في -3 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ةمَّلس�لما ةيرخذلا كلت في فرس�تلا في ةعبتلما فرس�تلا قئارطل بوتكم لجس�ب ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا .]يجذومنلا نوناقلا نم 16 مص�ولا -ءاب قيلعتلا :ماس�قأا ةثلث لىإا ءزلجا اذه مس�قني يجذومنلا نوناقلا ض�نل ًةلمكت دعلما ض�نلا نمس�تيو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا م���س�وب ق���لعتي 1 م���س�قلا )أا( ؛)كلذ يس�تقي ل لوكوتوبرلا ّنأا مغر( ةيمازلإلا طورس�لا لوانتي يذلا مس�ول ماظن ءاس�نإا في بغرت يتلا لود���لا ةدعاس�لم ,تانوكلماو ءاز���جألا م���س�وب ق���لعتي 2 م���س�قلا )ب( ؛)كلذ يس�تقي ل لوكوتوبرلا ّنأا مغر( ةب ّكرم ةيران ةحلس�أا نم اءزج حبس�ت نأا لبق تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�ول ماظن ءاس�نإا ىلع ةيرخذلا م���س�ت يتلا لودلا ةدعاس�لم ,ةير���خذلا م���س�وب ق���لعتي 3 م���س�قلا )ج( .)كلذ يس�تقي ل لوكوتوبرلا ّنأا مغر( ةيرخذلا بلع ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا مص�و -1 ةيلوألا تاملاعلا )أا( )تاملعب غم ّدلا( رابتخلا تقو مس�ولا -20 ةدالما :دق ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ في عونس�م يران حلس� لك ّنأا ايران احلس� عنس�ي ض�خس� لك لفكي -1 ؛]دمتعلما ض�حفلا برتمخ مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لبق نم برُتخا )أا( ةلس�لا تاذ تافس�اولما وأا ة���يميظنتلا حئاوللا وأا ينناوقلا ناو���نع جرد��� ُ ي[ �ل ا���قفو ة���ملعب غ���مُد )ب( ؛]غمدلا تاملعب105 ةيفاض�إ� ت�رابتع� -لوأل� قفرلم� ؛]يرانل� حلاض�ل� عنض�لامكتض�� دعب مايأ�/اموي... للاخ[]يترض�ملل هميلض�ت وأ� هعيب لبق[ :]ةلودل�مض��جرد ُ ي[ لىإ� هد�يرتض��تميرانحلاض�لك ّنأ� ايراناحلاض�دروتض�يص�خض�لكلفكي -2 ؛]دمتعلم� ص�حفل� برتمخمض�� جرد ُ ي[ فرطنمبرُتخ� دق )أ�( ةلض�ل�ت�ذتافض��ولم�وأ�ة���يميظنتل�حئ�ولل�وأ�ن���ن�وقل�ن�ونعجرد��� ُ ي[�لا���قفوة���ملاعبغ���مد )ب( ؛]غمدل� تاملاعب .]يرانل� حلاض�ل� د�يرتض�� دعب اموي... للاخ[]يترض�ملل هميلض�ت وأ� هعيب لبق[ قيلعتل� ءاض�عأ�يهيتل�ف�رطأل�لودل�ىلعنعتيهّنأ�يرغ.رابتخل�تقوةيرانل�ةحلض�أل�مض�ولوكوتوبرل�يض�تقيل برُتخ�نيدميرانحلاض�لكىلعغمدل�تاملاععض�و )2( ةيرغض�ل�ةحلض�أل�رابتخلةمئ�دل�ةيلودل�ةنجلل�في اقفوبراجتل�ء�رجإابمزلُتتاعيرض�تلاض�أ�ءاض�عأل�ن�دلبل�ىدلنوكتنأ�يغبنيو.قوض�ل�فيهحرطلبقحاجنب .ةينطول�برعةمظنلم�ةيمرلج�ةحفاكلمةدحتلم�ممأل�ةيقافت�اهيلعص�نتيتل�ت�ء�رجإل�ودودلح�وقئ�رطلل .ت�رابتخل� هذهء�رجإ� ةدمتعلم� ص�حفل� ت�برتمخلىوتتو ةيفاض�إلا تاملاعلا )ب( ءانتقلاب ةلودل� مايق تقو مض�ول�-21ةدالم� نم]11و10و[9و8و7د�ومللاقفوةبولطلم�م���ض�ول�تاملاعلىإ�ة���فاض�إلاب،ي���موكحزا���هجلكل���فكي ديدحتبحمض�تةقيرطب]ة���يمومعل�هفئاظوء�دأ�فيه���م�دختض�ل[هينتقييرانحلا���ض�لكم���ض�و،نو���ناقل��ذ���ه .زاهلج� ةيوه قيلعتل� ةيرغض�ل�ةحلض�أل�عيمجنوكتنأ�"لودل�لفكتنأاب))د(8ةرقفل�(بقعتللليود���ل�ك���ض�ل�ي���ض�قي:رد���ض�لم� ىلعةموض�ومص�الخ�اهم�دختض�لةيموكلح�ن���مأل�ت�وقوةحلض�لم�ت�وقل�ىدلةدو���جولم�ة���فيفلخ�ة���حلض�أل�و ىلعةينطول�طب�وض�ل�نأاض�بتاض�راملم�لض�فألابوروأ�فينواعتل�ونمأل�ةمظنمليلد ّنأ�امك."بج�ول�وحنل� ىلعص�ني)6ةحفض�ل�،)ب(نياثل�مض�قل�،ثلاثل�لض�فل�( )3( ةفيفلخ�ة���حلض�أل�وةير���غض�ل�ة���حلض�أل�ع���نض� لجأ� نمةبض�انممض�وتاملاعدامتع�فيرظنل�لض�فأ� ةقيرطباهتحلض�أ� بقعتفيبغرتيتل�لودللزوجيهنأ� ئدابلم�فيكلذج�ردإ�رايتخ�تا���عيرض�تل�يغئاض�لزوجيو.اهتام�دختض��ب���ض�حةحلض�أل�ك���لتلح���ض�وأ�ز���ييتم .ةينطول� تاعيرض�تل� لدب ةير�دإل� ماكحأل� وأ� ةيهيجوتل� ،اينابض�إ� ،يض�ورل�داتحل�:ةيلاتل�يهو،ةلود14ليالح�تقول�فيةنجلل�هذهفيءاض�عأل�لودل�ددعغلب )2( ةكلملم�،�دنلنف،اض�نرف،ي���ليض�،ايكافولض�،ةيكيض�تل�ةيروهملج�،اك���يجلب،ايلاطيإ�،ةدحتلم�ة���يبرعل�ت�را���مإل�،ا���ينالمأ� .ايراغنه،اض�منل� ،ةيلامض�ل� �دنلريإ�و ىمظعل� ايناطيبرل ةدحتلم� .نياثل� ءزلج� ... تاض�راملم� لض�فأ� ليلد،ابوروأ� فينواعتل�و نمأل� ةمظنم )3( اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 106 مص�ولا ةقيرط )ج( ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�و ةقيرط -22 ةدالما لكس�ب ةملعلا ض�قن وأا غمد قيرط نع[ لس�فلا اذهل اقبط ةموس�ولما ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ع���يمج م���س�و م���تي تاعيرس�تلا ناونع[ في ةرو���كذلما ةينقتلا تافس�اوملل اقبط ]قلغلما ةبلع وأا يرا���نلا حل���س�لا لك���يه ى���لع م���ئاد .]مس�ولا تافس�اوم نمس�تت يتلا ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا وأا نوناقلاب ةقفرلما قيلعتلا ليطعتلا تاملع "غمد" بوجو لىإا ةراس�إلا اد���ع( اهمادختس�ا بجي يتلا مس�ولا ة���قيرط لو���كوتوبرلا د ّد���حي ل عس�ت نأا اس�يأا لودلل يغبنيو .)لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا( ةلطعلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ىلع اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا كلذكو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا مس�ول ةينقتلا طورس�لا ددتح ة���يهيجوت ئدا���بم وأا ة���يميظنت ح���ئاول ينعلما ةدحتلما ممألا بتكم ن���ع لبقتس�م ردس�يس� يذلا ينقتلا ليلدلا في در���تو .ءا���س�تقلا ب���س�ح ا���هتيرخذو ظفحو مس�ولا" ةنونعلما 30-05 ةد���حولا في كلذكو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألا لو���كوتورب ذ���يفنتل ة���يمرلجاو تارد���خلماب بونجلل ةيئانمإلا ةعاملجاو يبويرن ليوكوتورب فيو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ديدحتل ةيلودلا يرياعلما نم "تلجس�لا .ةنكملما مس�ولا قئارط نأاس�ب ةديدج ةيفاس�إا تاهيجوت ,يقيرفألا تانوكلماو ءازجألا مص�و -2 ةيلوألا مص�ولا تاملاع )أا( عنس�لا تقو تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و -23 ةدالما تقو تاملعب يس�يئر وأا يس�اس�أا نو���كم وأا ءزج لك مس�وب تا���نوكلماو ءاز���جألل ع���ناس� لك مو���قي -1 .ةدالما هذه نم 2 ةرقفلل اقفو ,اهعنس� قيلعتلا تانوكلماو ءاز���جألا مس�و نأاس� نم ,ك���لذ عمو .عنس�لا ت���قو تا���نوكلماو ءاز���جألا م���س�و لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي ل .يوديلا وأا فيرلحا جاتنإلا ةبقارم فيو ةككفلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب راتجلا عنم في ةدعاس�لما في عونس�م يس�يئر وأا ي���س�اس�أا نوكم وأا ءزج لك ىلع ة���عوس�ولما ةد���يرفلا ةز���يملما تا���ملعلا ّين���بت 2 :ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ؛عنس�لا دلب يه ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ّنأا )أا( ؛عناس�لا مس�ا )ب( .لس�لس�لما مقرلاو )ج(107 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما قيلعتلا تناك نإا ديدحتل لود���لل دوعي رمألا ّنإاف ,تا���ملعب تانوكلماو ءاز���جألا م���س�وب ي���س�قي ل لو���كوتوبرلا ّنإا ث���يح .تاملعلا كلت عونو ل مأا تاملعب تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و ينعناس�لا ىلع ض�رفتس� ةيفاص�إلا تاملاعلا )ب( دايرتس�لا تقو تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و -24 ةدالما ءز���ج لك َ م���س�و تا���نوكمو ءاز���جأا درو���تس�ي ]ي���موكح تا���مدخ زا���هج[ وأا ض����خس� لك ل���فكي -1 جرد ُ ي[ لىإا ا���هدايرتس�ا نم ]ما���يأا/اموي ... للخ[ ةدا���لما هذه نم 3 ةر���قفلل ا���قفو تا���ملعب ي���س�يئر نو���كمو .]ةلودلا مس�ا :ىلع ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا قبطنت ل -2 .]هنم ققحتلا نكيم عورس�م ض�رغل[ اتقؤوم دروتس� ُ ي ن ّ وكم وأا ءزج )أا( ض�خس�لا كلذ ظفتحاو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم ةيلوأا ةروس�ب ض�خس� هر ّدس� نوكم وأا ءزج وأا )ب( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ جراخ امهدوجو للخ ن ّ وكلما وأا ءزلجا ةيكلبم للخ زاهلجا كلذ ةيكلم في يقبو ةيلوأا ةروس�ب يموكح تامدخ زاهج هر ّدس� ن ّ وكم وأا ءزج وأا )ج( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ جراخ ن ّ وكلما وأا ءزلجا دوجو .]ىرخأا تاءانثتس�ا يأا[ )د( مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا درو���تس�م يس�اس�أا ن ّ وكمو ءزج لك ى���لع ةعوس�ولما ةد���يرفلا ةز���يملما ة���ملعلا ين���بت 3 :ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ]ةلودلا ؛دايرتس�لا دلب يه ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ّنأا )أا( ؛دايرتس�لا ةنس� )ب( .]ىرخأا تامولعم[ )ج( قيلعتلا تناك نإا ديدحتل لود���لل دوعي رمألا ّنإاف ,تا���ملعب تانوكلماو ءاز���جألا م���س�وب ي���س�قي ل لو���كوتوبرلا ّنإا ث���يح .تاملعلا كلت عونو ل مأا دايرتس�لا تقو تاملعب تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و ض�رفتس� مص�ولا ةقيرط )ج( تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و ةقيرط -25 ةدالما قيرط نع[ لس�فلا اذ���هل اقفو تاملعب ةموس�ولما ]ة���ب ّكرلما يرغ[ تان ّ وكلماو ءاز���جألا ع���يمج م���س�و م���تي ةينقتلا تا���فس�اوملل اقبط ]قل���غلما ةبلع وأا يرانلا حل���س�لا لكيه ى���لع م���ئاد لك���س�ب ة���ملعلا ض����قن وأا غ���مد اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 108 تا���فس�اوم ن���مس�تت ي���تلا ة���يهيجوتلا ئدا���بلما وأا نو���ناقلاب ة���قفرلما ة���يميظنتلا ح���ئاوللا ناو���نع[ في ة���نيبلما .]مس�ولا قيلعتلا ليطعتلا تاملع "غمد" بوجو لىإا ةراس�إلا ادع( اهمادختس�ا ب���جي يتلا مس�ولا ة���قيرط لو���كوتوبرلا د ّد���حي ل نأا ءاس�عألا لودلل يغبنيو .)لوكوتوبرلا نم 9 ةدالما نم )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا( ةلطعلما ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ى���لع تناك امثيح تاملعب تان ّ وكلماو ءازجألا مس�ول ةينقتلا طورس�لا ددتح ةيهيجوت ئدابم وأا ةيميظنت حئاول عس�ت .ةبكرلما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نع لس�فنم لكس�ب ةب ّكرلما يرغ تانوكلماو ءازجألا مس�و طترس�ت ةيرخذلا مص�و -3 ةيلوألا تاملاعلا )أا( عنس�لا تقو ةيرخذلا مس�و -26 ةدالما ينترقفلل اقفو ,اهعنس� تقو تاملعب ةيرخذلا عطق لك مس�وب ةيرخذ عنس�ي ض�خس� لك موقي -1 .ةدالما هذه نم 3و 2 قيلعتلا وأا ةيرخذلا مس�و لودلا ض�عب طترس�ت ,كلذ مغرو .عنس�لا تقو تاملعب ةيرخذلا مس�وب لوكوتوبرلا يس�قي ل ينعناس�لا ةردق زيزعت لاجلما اذه في ةينقتلا تاروطتلا نأاس� نمو .عنس�لا تقو تاملعب ةيرخذلا عاونأا ض�عب .لبقتس�لما في ةيرخذلا مس�و ىلع )ض�اوكيإلا( ايقيرفأا بر���غ لودل ةيداس�تقلا ةعاملجا ة���يقافتا ىس�تقبم امزل ض����يل ةير���خذلا م���س�وو )18 ةدالما نم 3 ةرقفلا( ةلس�لا تاذ ىرخألا داولماو اهرئاخذو ةفيفلخا ة���حلس�ألاو ةير���غس�لا ة���حلس�ألا نأا���س�ب :يلي ام ىلع ض�نت يتلا .عنس�لا ةنس�و دلب كلذكو ع���ناس�لا ةيوهو ةعومجملل ديرفلا مقرلا م���س�ولا تا���ملع ن���مس�تت )أا(" بجيو .عنس�لا تقو ةفورعم تناك اذإا ةيئاهنلا ةهجولا دلبو يترس�لما ةيوهب ة���س�اخ تا���مولعم جاردإا ي���غبني ا���مك وأا دورابلا ىلع يوتحي يذلا )ل���ثم ض�يطارلخا( فلغلا قوف لقألا ىلع ةد���حاو ةر���م ل���يس�افتلا هذ���ه در���ت نأا ؛ةيمقرو ةيدجبأا تاملعب مس�ولا نوكيو .ةرجفتلما ةيرخذلا وأا ةيرخذلا في لمعتس�لما لئاس�لا ".)أا( 3 ةرقفلا في ةدراولا تامولعلما ةيرخذلا نم ةبلع رغس�أا نمس�تت )ب(" 1 ةرقفلل اقفو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ في ةعونس�لما ةيرخذلا ىلع ةعوس�ولما ةز���يملما ة���ملعلا ين���بت -2 :ةدالما هذه نم ؛ديرفلا ةعومجلما مقر )أا( ؛عناس�لا مس�ا )ب( ؛عنس�لا دلب يه ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ّنأا )ج( .عنس�لا ةنس� )د(109 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما :ينبي ,ةيرخذلا ىلع يوتتح ةبلع لك ىلع ازمر ةيرخذلا عنس�ي ض�خس� لك عس�ي -3 ؛ةيرخذلا ]مجح وأا[ رايع )أا( ؛ديرفلا ةعومجلما مقر )ب( ؛عناس�لا مس�ا )ج( ؛عنس�لا دلب يه ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ّنأا )د( .عنس�لا ةنس� )�ه( قيلعتلا : ْنأا ىلع )ةحقنلما 4 ةدالما نم 2 ةرقفلا( 2008/51/EC ةيبوروألا ةعاملجا هيجوت ض�ني زيملما مقرلاو عناس�لا مس�ا ينبت تاملعب ةلماكلا ةيرخذلل ليوأا فيلغت يأا مس�و ءاس�عألا لودلا لفكت" ."ةيرخذلا عونو رايعلاو ةعومجملل ةيفاص�إلا تاملاعلا )أا( دايرتس�لا تقو ةيرخذلا مس�و -27 ةدالما ةرقفلل اقفو ةيرخذلا عطق لك َ مس�و ةيرخذلا دروتس�ي ]يموكح تامدخ زاهج وأا[ ض�خس� لك لفكي -1 .]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا اهدايرتس�ا نم ]مايأا/اموي ...[ للخ ةدالما هذه نم 3 :ىلع ةدالما هذه نم 1 ةرقفلا قبطنت ل -2 ؛اهنم ققحتلا نكيم ةعورس�م ض�ارغأل اتقؤوم ةدروتس�لما ةيرخذلا )أا( كلذ ظفتحا اذإا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم ةيلوأا ةروس�ب ام ض����خس� ا���هر ّدس� ي���تلا ةير���خذلا وأا )ب( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ جراخ اهدوجو للخ ةيرخذلا ةيكلبم ض�خس�لا تيقبو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم ةيلوأا ةروس�ب يموكح تامدخ زاهج اهر ّدس� يتلا ةيرخذلا وأا )ج( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ جراخ ةيرخذلا دوجو للخ ةلاكولا كلت ةيكلم في .]ىرخأا تاءانثتس�ا[ )د( اقفو ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ نم ةدروتس�لما ةيرخذلا ]بلع[ ىلع ة���عوس�ولما ةز���يملما ة���ملعلا ين���بت -3 جردت ,دايرتس�لا تقو ةير���خذلا بلع وأا ةيرخذلا مس�و طترس�ت ة���لودلا ت���ناك اذإا[ ةدا���لما هذ���ه ن���م 1 ةر���قفلل .]انه مس�ولا تايس�تقم ليس�افت قيلعتلا .ةدروتس�لما ةيرخذلا مس�و لوكوتوبرلا طترس�ي ل اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 110 مص�ولا ةقيرط )ج( ةيرخذلا مس�و ةقيرط -28 ةدالما لك ىلع ةمئاد ةقيقد ةملع عس�وب[ لس�فلا اذ���ه ىس�تقبم ةموس�ولما ةير���خذلا ع���طق لك م���س�و م���تي ئدابلما وأا نوناقلاب ةقفرلما تاعيرس�تلا ناونع جرد ُ ي[ في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما ةينقتلا تافس�اوملل اقفو ]ةس�وطرخ .]مس�ولا تافس�اوم نمس�تت يتلا ةيهيجوتلا قيلعتلا اذإا ةيرخذلا مس�ول ةينقتلا تايس�تقلما ددتح ةيهيجوت ئدابم وأا ةيميظنت حئاول عس�ت نأا فارطألا لودلل يغبني .مس�ولا نم عونلا اذه طترس�ت تناك تلاجص�لا ظفح -ميج قيلعتلا ديدعلا دري نأا نكيمو .لوكوتوبرلا في تلجس�لا ظفحب ةقلعتلما ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا ةحترقلما ماكحألا هذه ل ّ مكت .نوناقلاب ةقفرلما ةيوناثلا تاعيرس�تلا وأا ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا في ماكحألا هذه نم تاقفص�لا تلاجص� -1 ةيلخادلا تاقفس�لا نع تامولعم -29 ةدالما لجس� في ةقفس� لك���ل لجس�ب ]هل ض�خرم ع���ناس� لك[ ]ض����يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ظ���فتحي/ظفتتح :ةيلاتلا تامولعلما نمس�تي تاقفس�لل ؛هيلإا لوقنلما مس�ا )أا( ؛هيلإا لوقنلما ناونع )ب( ؛ةقفس�لا خيرات )ج( ؛ةلوقنلما اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةيمك )د( ؛ةلوقنلما ]هتيرخذ وأا هتانوكمو هئازجأاو[ يران حلس� لك ىلع ةعوس�ولما مس�ولا تاملع )�ه( ؛هرايعو لس�لس�لما همقرو هجذونمو لوقنم يران حلس� لك زارط )و( ةحلس�ألا مّ لس�تب هيلإا لوقنملل ةلوخلما ةيحلس�لا ىلع رخآا ليلد يأا وأا ةس�خرلا مقر ليس�افت )ز( ؛اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةهجوم تناك اذإا ام( اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألل ى���خوتلما ماد���ختس�لا )ح( ؛)لثم يلخادلا مادختس�لا وأا ريدس�تلل .]فئاذقلا جذونمو ,هيلإا لوقنلما عباس�أا تامس�ب لثم ,ىرخأا تامولعم )ط([111 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما قيلعتلا امثيح ,كلذكو ةحلس�ألا ءار���س�و عيبب ةس�الخا تاقفس�لا عيملج ل���جس� ظ���فح طتر���س�ي ل لو���كوتوبرلا ّنأا م���غر .بقعتلا يرس�يت كلذ نأاس� نمف ,اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا ,نكمأا )4 ةدالما( اهتزايحو ةحلس�ألا ءانتقا ةبقارم نأاس�ب 91/477/EEC مقر يبوروألا ض����لجلما ه���يجوت ض����نيو ظفحب فرط ةلود ميلقإا في ينلماعلا )ةرابعلا هذه فيرعت بس�ح نوعناس�لا مهيف نبم( راجتلا مازلإا بوجو ىلع ىلع فرعتلاب حامس�لا اهنأاس� نم يتلا ليس�افتلا" كلذ في ابم ,اهيف فرس�تلماو ةملتس�لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب لجس� ."هينتقمو حلس�لا د ّ روم نيوانعو ءامس�أاو لس�لس�لما همقرو هرايعو هجذونمو هزارطو هعون اميس� ل ,حلس�لا ةيهام تارداس�لا نع تامولعم -30 ةدالما لمعلا ديدتم( 12و )عناس�لا ةس�خر ديدتج( 11 ينتدالما[ �ل اقفو ةلجس�لما تامولعلما لىإا ةفاس�إلاب وأا دروتس�م لك[ ]ض�يخترلا ة���ئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ظفتحي/ظفتتح ,])ديدجتلا ب���لط في ر���ظنلا لل���خ ة���س�خرلاب اذهل اقبط حنم ض�يخرت ىس�تقبم ةر ّدس�لما فانس�ألا عيملج تلجس�ب ]ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,هل ض�خرم ر ّدس�م :كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا ؛تاقفس�لا عيمج خيراوت )أا( ,دايرتس�ا ةس�خر ةباثبم نوكت ىرخأا ةيمس�ر ةقيثو يأا وأا داير���تس�لا ة���س�خر وأا نذإا ن���م ة���خس�ن )ب( يقلتلماو ض�يخترلا ةئيه فيرعتو ةيحلس�لا ءاس�قناو رادس�إلا خيراتو رادس�إلا دلب نع ليس�افت كلذ في ابم ؛اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ةيمكو يئاهنلا ؛)ءاس�تقلا بس�ح( روبعلا ض�خر نم خس�ن )ج( امدنع لثملما وأا لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا مس�او ,هيدل ض�كافلاو فتاهلا م���قرو ه���ناونعو ر ّد���س�لما م���س�ا )د( كلذ في ابم( تامولعلما هذه ر���فاوت لاح في ,ليجس�تلا مقرو ةس�خرلاو ع���يقوتلاو ,ة���يراتج ة���ئيهب ر���مألا ق���لعتي ؛)ةيحلس�لا ءاس�قنا خيرات ناونعلاو مس�لا كلذ في ابم اهتيرخذ وأا/و ا���هتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا رد���س�م )����ه( ؛فتاهلا مقرو ؛رظنلا ديق فانس�ألا عنس� دلبو هناونعو عناس�لا مس�ا )و( ؛هناونعو دروتس�لما مس�ا )ز( كلذ في ابم ,ريدس�تلل ةدعلما اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانو����كمو اهئاز��جأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل فس�و )ح( ؛ةلس�لس�لما اهماقرأاو اهتميقو اهتيمكو اهجذونمو اهمجحو فانس�ألا رايع )ءاس�تقلا بس�ح( ؛هناونعو يئاهنلا مدختس�لما مس�ا )ط( يأا مس�ا ,ءاس�تقلا ب���س�ح ,كلذ في ابم[ ة���قفس�لا في ة���كراس�م ىر���خأا ة���هج يأا ناو���نعو م���س�ا )ي( نم لس�ألا قبط ةخس�نو ,راس�مس�لاب ض�الخا ليجس�تلا مقرو هفتاه مقرو هناونعو ةقفس�لا في كراس�م راس�مس� ؛]ةقفس�لاب نذأات يتلا راس�مس�لا ةس�خر اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 112 )يئاهنلا مدختس�لما تاداهس�( 61 ةدالما[ في هيلع ض�وس�نلما لكس�لاب يئاهنلا مدختس�لما ةداهس� )ك( اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ي���ئاهنلا مد���ختس�لما ك���لذ في ا���بم[ ]لوألا ق���فرلما في ؛]اهتهجوو مادختس�لا/مدختس�لماو ة���هجولا كلذ في ابم ,فا���نس�ألا ه���عبتتس� يذ���لا را���س�لما ن���ع ل���يس�افت )ل( ]؛راس�لماب ةلس� تاذ ىرخأا تامولعم يأاو جورلخاو لوخدلا طاقنو نحس�لا ةداعإاو روبعلا نادلبو يئاهنلا نود ةلوليلحاو ,نانمآلا لقنلاو نيزختلا كلذ في ابم ,نمألاو ةملس�لا تا���بيترت ن���ع ل���يس�افت )م([ ]؛اهل وأا مهل نوذأام يرغ تانايك وأا ض�اخس�أا يديأا في اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عوقو ]؛ةقفس�لاب ةس�الخا ةينيمأاتلاو ةيفرس�لما لامعألا ليس�افت )ن([ .ض�يخترلا بلط ةرامتس�ا اهيس�تقت ىرخأا تامولعم يأا )ض�( تادراولا نع تامولعم -31 ةدالما لمعلا ديدتم( 12و )عناس�لا ة���س�خر ديدتج( 11 ينتدالما[ �ل ا���قفو ة���لجس�لما تا���مولعلما لىإا ة���فاس�إلاب دروتس�م لك[ ]ض����يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ظفتحي/ظفتتح ,])د���يدجتلا ب���لط في ر���ظنلا لل���خ ة���س�خرلاب :كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذهل اقبط ةحونمم ةس�خر ىس�تقبم ةدروتس�لما فانس�ألا عيملج تلجس�ب ]هل ض�خرم ةدم ءاهتنا خيرات كلذ في ابم( دجو نإا ,ليجس�تلا مقر[و هفتاه م���قرو ه���ناونعو درو���تس�لما م���س�ا )أا( ؛])ةيحلس�لا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رد ْ س�م كلذ في ا���بم[ فانس�ألا هنم )دروتس�تس�( تدرو���تس�ا يذ���لا د���لبلا )ب( ؛]فتاهلا مقرو ناونعلاو مس�لا كلذ في ابم ,اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا ؛تاقفس�لا عيمج خيراوت )ج( في ابم ,اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ي بنجألا ر ِّدس�لماو عئابلا مس�ا )د( ؛هفتاه مقرو ض�خس�لا كلذ ناونعو مس�ا كلذ )ءاس�تقلا بس�ح( كلذ في ابم ,اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل فس�و )�ه( ؛ةلس�لس�لما اهماقرأاو اهتميقو اهتيمكو اهجذونمو اهمجحو فانس�ألا رايع ؛)دروتس�لما نع افلتمخ ناك اذإا( هناونعو يئاهنلا مدختس�لما مس�او دايرتس�لا نم ددحلما ض�رغلا )و( يئاهنلا مادختس�لا/مدختس�لماو ةهجولا كلذ في ابم ,فانس�ألا هعبتتس� يذ���لا را���س�لما ل���يس�افت )ز([ ]؛راس�لما نع ةلس�لا تاذ ىرخأا تامولعم يأاو جورلخاو لوخدلا طاقنو رباعلا نحس�لا ةداعإاو روبعلا نادلبو يأا مس�ا ,ءاس�تقلا ب���س�ح ,كلذ في ابم[ ةقفس�لا في ة���كترس�م ىر���خأا ة���هج يأا ناو���نعو م���س�ا )ح( ةس�خر نم لس�ألا قبط ةخس�نو ,را���س�مس�ك هليجس�ت مقرو هفتاه مقرو ه���ناونعو ة���قفس�لا في كرا���س�م را���س�مس� ؛]ةقفس�لاب نذأات راس�مس�لا .ض�يخترلا بلط ةرامتس�ا اهيس�تقت ىرخأا تامولعم يأا )ط(113 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما ةرس�مس�لا ةطس�نأا نع تامولعم -32 ةدالما لمعلا ديدتم( 12و )عناس�لا ة���س�خر ديدتج( 11 ينتدالما[ �ل ا���قفو ة���لجس�لما تا���مولعلما لىإا ة���فاس�إلاب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ظفتحي/ظفتتح ,]لوألا ق���فرلما في )ديدجتلا بلط في ر���ظنلا لل���خ ة���س�خرلاب ةرس�مس� ةس�خر ى���س�تقبم ةزجنلما تاقفس�لا عيملج تل���جس�ب ]ءاس�تقلا ب���س�ح ,ه���ل ض����خرم را���س�مس� لك[ :كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذهل اقبط ةحونمم فظومو ةكرس�لا لخاد لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لاو ةكرس�لا ر���قمو ناونع كلذ في ا���بم ,را���س�مس�لا ة���يوه )أا( ؛لاس�تلا جذونمو علس�لا يترس�م نع ةددمح تامولعم نمس�تت ,دقعلا عورس�م وأا عقولما دقعلا نم ةخس�ن )ب( لوس�لحا مزتعلما ةرس�مس�لا ةس�خرب ةلومس�لما اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ة���ميقو ة���يمكو ؛اهيلع ؛تاقفس�لا خيراوت )ج( مقرو ناونعلاو مس�لا كلذ في ابم ,اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ردس�م )د([ قلعت اذإا لثملما وأا لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لا مس�او درفب رمألا قلعت اذإا ةيس�نلجاو ةماقإلا دلب زمرو ض�كافلاو فتاهلا ]؛عيقوتلاو ,ةموكح وأا ةيراتج ةئيهب رمألا ]؛عنس�لا دلبو رظنلا ديق فانس�ألا عناس� مس�ا )�ه([ ]؛فانس�ألل ةقيقدلا ةينقتلا ليس�افتلا )و([ ةيئاهنلا ةهجولاو يئاهنلا مادختس�لا ّين���بت يئاهنلا مدختس�لما ةداهس� نم ل���س�ألا ق���بط ة���خس�ن )ز([ ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )يئاهنلا مدختس�لما تاداهس�( 61 ةدالما[ في اهيلع ض�وس�نلما ةقيرطلاب فانس�ألل ض�يخترلا ةئيه ةيوهو هخيراتو رادس�إلا دلب كلذ في ابم ,دايرتس�لا ةس�خر وأا ةداهس� نم ةخس�ن )ح([ ]؛اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا نم اهدايرتس�اب ض�خرلما ةيمكلاو ةلوليلحاو ,نانمآلا لقنلاو نيزختلا كلذ في ابم ,نمألاو ةملس�لا تابيترت نع ةلماك ليس�افت )ط([ ]؛اهل وأا مهل نوذأام يرغ تانايك وأا ض�اخس�أا يديأا في اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عوقو نود ؛ينمأاتلاب ةقلعتلما/ةيلالما تابيتترلا كلذ في ابم ,ةينعلما فارطألا عيمج نع ةلماك ليس�افت )ي( برع لقنت لم ول ىتح ,ا���هيلإا ر ّدس�تس� يتلا ةلودلاو تادعلما ا���هنم درو���تس�تس� ي���تلا ة���لودلا م���س�ا )ك( ؛]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ].ىرخأا تامولعم )ل([ فرص�تلاو عينص�تلا تلاجص� -2 ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا يرمدت نع تامولعم -33 ةدالما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرخذ وأا قلغم ةلتك وأا لك���يه وأا يران حلس� لكل تلجس�ب ]ة���س�تخلما ة���طلس�لا م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ظ���فتتح :ةيلاتلا تامولعلما كلذ في ابم نوناقلا نم رس�ع ثلاثلا لس�فلل اقفو ةرمدم اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 114 ؛يرمدتلا ةقيرط )أا( ؛يرمدتلا خيرات )ب( ؛يرمدتلا ببس� )ج( ]؛ىرخأا تامولعم )د([ :كلذ في ابم رمدم يران حلس� لكل فس�و ,ايران احلس� رمدلما ءيس�لا ناك اذإا )�ه( ؛زارطلا ’ 1 ‘ ؛جذومنلا ’ 2 ‘ ؛رايعلا ’ 3 ‘ ؛عناس�لا مس�ا ’ 4 ‘ ؛لس�لس�لما مقرلا ’ 5 ‘ ؛تاملعلا عيمج ’ 6 ‘ :كلذ في ابم رمدم ن ّ وكم وأا ءزج لكل فس�و ,ان ّ وكم وأا اءزج رمدلما ءيس�لا ناك اذإا )و( ؛نوكلما وأا ءزلجا عون ’ 1 ‘ ؛عناس�لا مس�ا ’ 2 ‘ ؛تاملعلا عيمج ’ 3 ‘ :كلذ في ابم ,ةرمدلما ةيرخذلا عطق لكل فس�و ,ةيرخذ رمدلما ءيس�لا ناك اذإا )ز( ؛ةيرخذلا عون ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةعومجلما مقر ’ 2 ‘ ؛عناس�لا مس�ا ’ 3 ‘ ؛تاملعلا عيمج ’ 4 ‘ ].ىرخأا تامولعم )ح([ قيلعتلا زج ُتح يتلا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ض�وس�خب تل���جس� ظ���فح لو���كوتوبرلا طتر���س�ي ل اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا بحس� نامس� ىلع دعاس�ي يرمدتلا ةطس�نأا ليجس�ت نأا يرغ .ر ّ مدُتو .)لوكوتوبرلا نم 6 ةدالما تايس�تقلم اقفو( لوادتلا نم ةعورس�م يرغ ةروس�ب اهب رجّتلماو ةعونس�لما ةيرادإلا تابلطتلما -3 ض�خرلا يلماحب ةقلعتلما تامولعلما -34 ةدالما ةس�خرل لماح ض�خس� يأاب ةقلعتلما تامولعملل تلجس�ب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ظ���فتتح -1 بجوبم تردس� ,اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ]في ةرس�مس�لا وأا ريدس�ت وأا دايرتس�ا وأا عنس�[ :كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا اذه115 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما ؛ةس�خرلا لماح مس�ا )أا( ؛دليلما خيرات )ب( ؛ةس�خرلا لماح ةماقإا لمح ناونع )ج( :ةثيدح ةيفارغوتوف ةروس� )د( ؛ض�خس�لا كلذل ,يعيبط ض�خس�ل ةس�خرلا تردس� لاح في ’ 1 ‘ ؛ةيرابتعا ةئيهل ةس�خرلا تردس� لاح في لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لل وأا ’ 2 ‘ :عباس�ألا تامس�ب )�ه( ؛ض�خس�لا كلذل ,يعيبط ض�خس�ل ةس�خرلا تردس� لاح في ’ 1 ‘ ؛لوؤوس�لما ض�خس�لل ,ةيرابتعا ةئيهل ةس�خرلا تردس� لاح في ’ 2 ‘ ].ىرخأا تامولعم )و([ تردس� ةس�خر لك ليس�افتب ةقلعتلما تامولعملل تلجس�ب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ظفتتح -2 :كلذ في ابم ,نوناقلا بجوبم ؛ةس�خرلا رادس�إا خيراتو ناكم )أا( ؛ةس�خرلا ةيحلس� ءاهتنا خيرات )ب( ؛)ءاس�تقلا دنع( )تا(ديدجتلا خيرات )ج( ؛)ءاس�تقلا دنع( قيلعتلا خيرات )د( ؛)ءاس�تقلا دنع( ءاغلإلا خيرات )�ه( ؛هل ض�خرلما طاس�نلا )و( ؛ةس�خرلا اهيلع قبطنت يتلا ةيراجتلا ةس�س�ؤولما ناونع )ز( ينبي يذلا قفرلما جرد��� ُ ي[ في ةدراولاو ةس�خرلا ى���لع ق���بطنت ي���تلا ن���يزختلا طور���س�ل ز���جوم )ح( نيزختلا مظنت يتلا ح���ئاوللا نم اهيرغ وأا ةيعرفلا ةيميظنتلا ح���ئاوللا م���س�ا وأا ن���يزختلا طور���س� ل���يس�فتلاب ؛]عنس�لا تقو نمآلا ؛ةس�خرلا ىلع قبطنت دق دويق يأا )ط( .ةس�خرلا ىلع قبطنت دق طورس� يأاو )ي( ض�يتفتلا تايلمع نم ةاقتس�لما تامولعلما -35 ةدالما مايقلا متي يتلا ض�يتفتلا تايلمع نم ةاقتس�لما تامولعملل تلجس�ب ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ظفتتح .نوناقلا اذه ىس�تقبم اهب قيلعتلا ةلودلا ىلع ين���عتي ,تلجس�لا ظفح نع ة���يس�اس�ألا ةيلوؤوس�لما لود���لا يرغ نم ة���لعاف تا���هج ى���لع ع���قت ا���مثيح تامولعلما( 34 ينتدالما ر���ظنا( ض�يتفتلا تايلمعو نذإلا تابلط ن���م ةاقتس�لما تا���مولعملل تل���جس�ب ظا���فتحلا .))لوألا قفرلما في )ض�يتفتلا تايلمع نم ةاقتس�لما تامولعلما( 35و )ض�خرلا يلماحب ةقلعتلما اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 116 تلجس�لا لكس� -36 ةدالما 1 رايلخا .نيوتركلإا لكس� في دنبلا/نوناقلا اذهل اقفو تلجس�لا عيمج ظفتح 2 رايلخا ةعرس�ب درلاب حمس�ت ةقيرطب وأا نيوتر���كلإا لكس� في دنبلا/نوناقلا اذهل ا���قفو تل���جس�لا ع���يمج ظ���فتح .اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا رثأا ءافتقا في ةدعاس�لما تابلط ىلع قيلعتلا :يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 124 ةرقفلا في درو امك دعاس�ي ,نكمأا امثيح ,تلجس�لا ظفح ةتتمأا لىإا ءوجللا ن���كل ,تلجس�لا ةبس�وحب ماز���لإا كا���نه ض����يل" "... رثألا ءافتقا تابلطل ةعيرس�لا ةباجتس�لاب اهتامازتلاب ءافولا في لودلا تلجس�لا ظفح لودلا ض�عب ىلع ب���عس�لا نم نوكي دق هنأاب فاترعلا با���ب ن���م 2 را���يلخا جردأا د���قو .)يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا نم 124 ةرقفلا رظنا( ةقيرطلا هذه عابتا لس�فألا نم ناك نإاو ,تتمؤوم لكس�ب تلجس�لا ىلع علطلا ةيناكمإا -37 ةدالما ىلع ءانب ,لس�فلا اذه ىس�تقبم ه���ظفحب مايقلا وأا لجس� ظفح نامس� ه���يلع ين���عتي ض����خس� لك مو���قي :نوناقلا ذافنإا يفظوم نم بلط دادعإاو هيف ةلجس�م تامولعم يأا ض����يتفتب فظوملل حامس�لاو ف���ظولما ك���لذ لىإا ل���جس� يمد���قتب )أا( ؛اهنم خس�ن ةدوجولما اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عيمج ض�يتفتب فظولما كلذل حامس�لا )ب( ؛ض�خس�لا كلذ ةزوح في ةيران ةحلس�أا يأا���ب قلعتي اميف ض����خس�لا كلذ ةزو���ح في تا���مولعم يأا���ب ف���ظولما ك���لذ د���يوزت )ج( في دجوت وأا ض�خس�لا كلذ ةس�خر ب���جوبم تملُتس�ا وأا تي ُترس�ا وأا ت���عن ُ س� ا���هتيرخذ وأا ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو .ةس�خر بجوبم اهحلس�أا وأا اهلقن وأا اهعاب وأا ض�خس�لا ةزوح قيلعتلا باحس�أا اهب ظفتحي يتلا تلجس�لا ىلع اهعلطا ةيناكمإا لودلا نمس�ت نأا ةرورس� ىلع لوكوتوبرلا ض�ني ل يرورس�لا نم ,تلجس�لا ظفح تامازتلل لاثتملا نامس�و بقعتلا تابلطل ةباجتس�للو ,كلذ مغرو .ض�خرلا ةلودلا تناك امثيح ةس�اخ ةيمهأا كلذ يس�تكيو .تلجس�لا ىلع علطلا ةيحلس� ةينعلما ةطلس�لا ىدل نوكت نأا مهل ض�خرلما ض�اخس�ألاو اهل ض�خرلما تانايكلا ىلع كلذ لدب طترس�ت لب ,ةيزكرم تلجس�ب ظفتتح ل اهس�فن .لوكوتوبرلا تايس�تقلم اقفو تلجس�لاب ظافتحلا117 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا مس�و نأاس�ب تاس�راملما لس�فأل ابوروأا في نواعتلاو نمألا ةمظنم ليلد يرس�يو اهب ظفتحي يتلا تامولعلما عيمج ّنأا لىإا )8 ةحفس�لا ,عبارلا مس�قلا( اهرثأا ءافتقاو اهتلجس� ظفحو ةفيفلخا ةينطولا تاطلس�لل حاتت" ةلودلا هعس�ت يذلا تلجس�لا ظفح ماظن ى���س�تقبم م���هيرغو نودرو���تس�لماو نو���عناس�لا ."كلذ يس�تقي ينطولا نوناقلا ناك اذإا ةس�تخلما ةبقارلما طباوس� زيزعتب قلعتي اميف اهتاقيلعتو ة���يكيرمألا لودلا ةمظنلم ة���يجذومنلا تا���عيرس�تلا ير���س�تو ,هنأا لىإا ةلس�لا تاذ ىر���خألا داولماو تارجفتلماو ر���ئاخذلاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���يدس�ت ز���كارم في ا���هب لو���معلما ةحاتإا ينعتي" ,ةر���جاتملل ةس�ورعلماو ةعونس�لما تا���جتنلما عيملج تلجس� ظفح ين���عناس�لا ى���لع ين���عتي ا���مثيح .)5 ةدالما ىلع قيلعتلا( "رهس�أا ةثلث لك لقألا ىلع ,ايرود اهثيدتحو ينيموكلحا ينس�تفملل تلجس�لا كلت تانوزمخ ض�ئاف ض����يدكت نع ةئس�انلا لكا���س�لما نع هريرقت في ين���يموكلحا ءابر���لخا ق���يرف را���س�أا ا���مك ةملس� نامس�ل ةمزللا ض�يتفتلا مظن راطإا في ,هنأا لىإا ,)A/63/182 ةقيثولا نم 31 ةرقفلا( ةيديلقتلا ةيرخذلا ةحاتإا يرورس�لا ن���م ,ةيليغس�تلا اهتيلاعفو اهيلع ليوعتلا ة���يناكمإاو ة���ينطولا تا���نوزخلما في ةدو���جولما ةير���خذلا ةرورس� ينعي ام وهو ."ةينعلما ةيرخذلل ةعنس�لما ةهلجا ىدل ةظوفحلما ةيلس�ألا تلجس�لا ىلع علطلا ةيناكمإا" .ينس�تفملل اهيلع علطلا ةيناكمإا يرفوتو تلجس�لا كلتب ظافتحلاب ةيرخذلا يعناس� مازلإا داتحلا ض�لمج ةحئل لثم( يبوروألا داتحلا راطإا لخاد ةمئاقلا ماكحألا نع ةلثمألا ةاعارم يغبني امك مادختس�لا تاذ داولما تارداس� ةبقارلم ةيبوروألا ةعامجلل ماظن اهبجوبم عس�وي يتلا 2009/428 مقر يبوروألا يبوروألا نالمبرلا ض����لمجو يبوروألا نالمبرلل ةحئل حتر���قم كلذكو اهروبعو ا���هيف ةر���س�مس�لاو ا���هلقنو جودز���لما ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�تل ض�خر عس�وو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألل ةدحتلما ممألا لوكوتورب ن���م 10 ةدا���لما ذ���يفنت نأا���س�ب داتحلا تاعيرس�ت لعج نوناقلا اذه نأا���س� نمو .اهروبعو اهدايرتس�ل يربادتو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةمزللا يربادتلا ذا���ختا لىإا ةجالحا ى���لع ض�ني وهو ,ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا لو���كوتورب ن���م 10 ةدا���لما ع���م ة���قفتم ةحلس�ألاب قلعتت ةقفس� وأا رمأا يأا نع تامولعلما ع���مج )أا( :نم ةس�تخلما ة���ينطولا تا���طلس�لا ين���كمتل ة���بس�انلماو ق َّ بطت ريدس�تلا ةبقارم يربادت ّنأا ن���م دكأاتلا )ب( ؛اهتيرخذو ةيس�اس�ألا ا���هتانوكم ك���لذكو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا في ةحلس�م مهل نيذلا ض�اخس�ألا لمع نكامأا لىإا لوخدلا ةيحلس� ض�وس�لخا ىلع اذه لمس�ي دقو ,بجي امك .)ريدس�ت ةقفس� اهيمدقت بجاولا ريراقتلا -38 ةدالما هب ظفتحي لجس� لك نع ليس�افت لس�فلا اذه ىس�تقبم تلجس�لا ظفح هيلع ينعتي ض�خس� لك مدقي .]لثم رهس�أا ةثلث لك ,ينمزلا راطإلا[ نوس�غ في ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا قيلعتلا نع ريراقت اهل ض�خرلما تانايكلاو م���هل ض�خرلما دارفألا مدقي نأا ىلع ا���حيرس� ا���س�ن لو���كوتوبرلا ن���مس�تي ل ةمزللا تامولعلما ى���لع ظافلحا لودلا ن���م يس�تقت لو���كوتوبرلا ن���م 7 ةدا���لما نأا ير���غ .ا���هتطس�نأاو م���هتطس�نأا نم نكمتللو .اهتيهام د���يدتحو ةعورس�م يرغ ةرو���س�ب اهب رجتلما وأا ة���عونس�لما ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���ثأا ءا���فتقل ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ن���ع تامولعم نم د���جتس�ا ام رخآا لىإا لود���لا جاتتح ,ة���يلاعفب ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���ثأا ءا���فتقا .ةينعلما تلجس�لا نيزخت -39 ةدالما في ةددحلما لمعلا ن���كامأا في[ نمآا ناك���م في نوناقلا اذه ب���جوبم ة���بولطلما تل���جس�لا ع���يمج ظ���فتح .]ةس�خرلا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 118 قيلعتلا ض�خرلما دارفألا مزلت نأا وأا نو���مأامو نمآا ناكم في تلجس�لا ظ���فحب لود���لا مو���قت نأا لو���كوتوبرلا طتر���س�ي ل نيزختلا طورس� ةعيبط ديدتح دوت اهلعلف ,مكلحا اذه لودلا تجردأا اذإاو .كلذب اهل ض�خرلما تانايكلاو مهل .)لثم قلغم ءاعو في( نمآلا لمعلا فقو دنع تلجس�لا ميلس�ت -40 ةدالما وأا اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ةيرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ريدس�ت وأا داير���تس�ا وأا ع���نس� ة���س�خر ل���ماح ف���قوتي ا���مثيح وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل اردس�م وأا ادروتس�م وأا اعناس� هفس�وب هلامعأا ةس�رامم نع اهتيرخذ ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ لىإا لس�فلا اذهل اقفو ةظوفحلما تلجس�لا عيمج ض�خس�لا كلذ مّ لس�ي ,اهتيرخذ .لامعألا فقو دعب ]اموي 14[ للخ قيلعتلا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ىلع فرعتلا نم لودلا نّكيم يذلا ليودلا كس�لا ن���م 13 ةدا���لما ض����نت :رد���س�لما تاكرس�لا لىإا لودلا بلطت نأا ى���لع اهيلع لوعي ةقيرطبو بس�انلما ت���قولا في ا���هبقعتو ة���عورس�لما ير���غ ة���فيفلخا لو .ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألاب ة���لس�تم تلجس� نم اهتزوحب ام ة���لودلا لىإا م���لس�ت نأا ض����لفت ي���تلا .ينمز راطإا يأا ىلع بقعتلل ليودلا كس�لا ض�ني ةينطولا تانايبلا ةدعاق -41 ةدالما قيلعتلا يتلا تلجس�لا عيمج نيزختل ةيزكرم وأا ةينطو تانايب ةدعاقل اهدهعت وأا لودلا ءاس�نإا لوكوتوبرلا طترس�ي ل نامس� ىلع ةدعاس�لما نيوتركلإا لكس� في ة���يزكرم تلجس� ظفح نأاس� نم نأا يرغ .ا���هظفح لود���لا ى���لع ين���عتي .تامولعلما هذه ثيدتح ةلوهس� نامس�و اهيلع ةعورس�م يرغ ةطس�نأا في ققتح يتلا ةلودلا ةزهجأا عل ّطا ةلوهس� تانايبلا ةدعاق دهعت ىلع ةلودلل ةينقتلاو ةيدالما تاردقلا ىلع اهتدئافو ةينطولا تانايبلا ةدعاق ةدوج فقوتتو ةلود تناك اذإاف .تايلمعلا قاطن ىلع اس�يأا فقوتي دق امك .تانايبلا ةدعاق في ل َّ جس�ت يتلا تانايبلا ةيمكو كلت نم نوكي دق ,تانايبلا ةدعاق ىلع عل���طلا بلطت دق ةزهجأا ةدع ةمث تناك وأا/و م���يلاقأا ةد���ع ن���م نو���كتت ا���م .امجح رغس�أا ةيميلقإا تانايب دعاوق ةدعب ظافتحلا بس�نألا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا دايرتص�ا -لاد اهروبعو اهريدص�تو اهتيرخذو قيلعتلا وأا ض�يخترلا ماظن هذختي نأا بجي يذلا لكس�لا لوكوتوبرلا ددحي ل ,10 ةدالما في ةدراولا ةيمازلإلا طورس�لا ادع ةينطولا طباوس�لا" ةنونعلما 20-03 ةدحولا في عوس�ولما اذهب قلعتت تاهيجوت درت( ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لاب نذإلا امك .ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألا ةبقارلم ةيلودلا يرياعلما نم "ةفيفلخا ةحلس�ألاو ةيرغس�لا ةحلس�ألل ليودلا لقنلا ىلع نكيم تاحترقم ءزلجا اذ���ه في درتو .ليودلا روبعلاب ق���لعتت يربادت ع���س�ت نأا لود���لا ن���م لو���كوتوبرلا ي���س�تقي119 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما تاعيرس�تلا في ماكحألا هذه جردت دقو .لوكوتوبرلل ةيمازلإلا ماكحألا ةلمكتل اهيف ر���ظنلا تا���عيرس�تلا ي���غئاس�ل .ةيوناثلا تاعيرس�تلا في وأا ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا في وأا اهس�فن نيردص�لماو نيدروتص�لما ليجص�ت -1 ليجس�تلا طورس� -42 ةدالما مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ىدل اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ردس�م وأا دروتس�م ض�خس� لك ل َّ جس�ي .]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا/ض�يخترلا ةئيه قيلعتلا دايرتس�لا ماظن ن���مأاو ةلءاس�م زيزعتل ير���بادت ذاختا لىإا ىعس�ت ي���تلا ة���لودلا ما���مأا ة���حورطلما تارا���يلخا ن���م نيذلا دارفألا وأا بغرت يتلا تاكرس�لا ُ مازلإا )لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 5 ةرقفلل اقفو( اهيدل ريدس�تلاو تاطلس�لا ىد���ل ليجس�تلاب اهتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ر���يدس�ت وأا داير���تس�ا في نو���بغري ةطس�نأا في طرخني ن ّ مع ةيرورس�لا تامولعلماب ةلودلا ديوزتل ةليس�و ض�اس�ألاب ليجس�تلا دعيو .ةينعلما ةيموكلحا .ةيدرف ريدس�تو دايرتس�ا ةس�خر يأا رادس�إل اقبس�م اطرس� نوكي دقو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لا دوعيو .10 ةدالما نم 2و 1 ين���ترقفلل اقفو ةس�تمخ ةطلس�/ض�يخرت ة���ئيه دو���جو لو���كوتوبرلا ض����ترفيو لجس�تو جلاعتس� يتلا ةهلجا يه ةلودلل ةعبات ىرخأا ةئيه وأا ض�يخترلا ةئيه تناك اذإا ام ريرقت ةلودلا ريدقتل ىرخألا ةيديلقتلا ةحلس�ألا يردس�مو يدروتس�م ليجس�ت نوكي امثيحو .نيردس�لماو نيدروتس�لما ليجس�ت ض�فرت وأا اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا يدروتس�مو يرد���س�لم هلومس� نامس�ل عيرس�تلا قاطن عيس�وت ن���كيم , ُل���بق ن���م ا���بولطم .اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو ليجس�تلا بلط -43 ةدالما ةطلس�لا/ض�يخترلا ة���ئيه م���س�ا جرد ُ ي[ ا���مهددتح ن���يذللا ة���قيرطلاو لك���س�لاب ب���لطلا مد���قم ل��� َّ جس�ي .]ةس�تخلما قيلعتلا اهنيكمتل ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا ىدل ةمزللا تامولعلما عيمج َ رفاوت ً انوناق ددحلما لكس�لا ُ مادختس�ا نمس�ي نأا يغبني ةيفارغوتوف ةروس� يمدقتب بلطلا مدقم مايق طاترس�ا لكس�لا اذه لمس�ي نأا نكيمو .ليجس�تلل ةيلهألا ديدتح نم .عباس�ألا تامس�ب نم ةلماك ةعوممجو هل ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم .ةس�خرلا بلط ةيلمع ليس�افت نمس�تت ةيوناث تاعيرس�ت وأا ةيميظنت حئاول في ماكحألا هذه جردت نأا نكيم 1 رايلخا عّقويو .]غلبلما[ هرد���قو بولطلما مس�رلا ه���ب قفريو ]مقرلا/مس�لا[ ةرا���متس�لا في ل���يجس�تلا ب���لط أل���يم .ايرابتعا اس�خس� ناك اذإا بلطلا مدقلم نيوناقلا لثملما وأا ايعيبط اس�خس� ناك اذإا هس�فن بلطلا ُ مدقم َ بلطلا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 120 2 رايلخا ىدل اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيران ةحلس�أا دايرتس�ا وأا ريدس�تب موقي ض�خس� لك ل َّ جس�ي .]غلبلما[ هردقو بولطلما مس�رلا عفديو ]ةن ّ يعلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ ليجس�تلا يرياعم -44 ةدالما ةحلس�أل اردس�م وأا ادروتس�م هرابتعاب اس�خس� ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا/ض�يخترلا ةئيه م���س�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ ل��� ِّ جس�ت :يلي ا ّمم تدّكأات اذإا اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيران ؛ثركأا وأا ةنس� ]ثركأا وأا ةلودلا في دس�رلا نس� جرد ُ ي[ بلطلا مدقم غولب )أا( ؛بلطلا مدقم ىدل ةيئانج قباوس� دوجو مدع )ب( ؛ةيلقعلا ض�ارمألل ىفس�تس�م لىإا هلاخدإا وأا يلقع ض�ربم بلطلا مدقم ةباس�إا توبث مدع )ج( يذ دنبلا[ في ة���ف ّ رعم يه ا���مك[ ة���بقارملل ة���عس�اخ ةدا���م يأل ب���لطلا مد���قم لا���معتس�ا مد���ع )د( ه���نامدإا وأا عور���س�م ير���غ ًلا���معتس�ا ]ة���بقارملل ة���عس�الخا داو���لماب ق���لعتلما ي���نطولا ع���يرس�تلا ناو���نعو ة���لس�لا ؛]اهيلع ةرامتس�ا في ةبولطلما تامولعلما ض�خي اميف بذاك غلب يمدقتب ملع نع بلطلا مدقم مايق مدع )�ه( ؛بلطلا .ءاس�تقلا بس�ح ,ىرخألا ليجس�تلا طورس�و ليجس�تلا بلط طورس� بلطلا مدقم ءافيتس�ا )و( ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم ,ددمح ينمز راطإا نمس� ةيئانج قباوس� وأا ,ةيئانج قباوس� دوجو لوحي ,)ب( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلا لىإا ةراس�إلاب ماهتلا وأا ةنادإلا لوتح ,ىرخأا تايلو فيو .ةيئاس�قلا تايلولا ض�عب في دروم وأا ردس�مك ض�خس�لا ليجس�ت نود .ض�خس�لا ليجس�ت نود ةددمح ينناوق بجوبم مئارجب 1 رايلخا وأا ينطولا ن���مألاب ةلس�تلما تاعيرس�تلا ل���ثم[ ب���جوبم ة���يمرجب ب���لطلا مد���قم م���هّت ُ ي/ند ُ ي لم )ب( تاعيرس�تلا وأا يلئاعلا فنعلاب ةقلعتلما ةينطولا تاعيرس�تلا وأا تارد���خلما يطاعتب ة���قلعتلما ة���ينطولا تا���عيرس�تلا ؛]اهروبعو اهريدس�تو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�اب ةلس�لا تاذ 2 رايلخا نجس�لاب اهيلع بقاعي ةيمرج نأاس�ب قيقحتل عس�خي لم وأا ةمكمح يأا في بلطلا مدقم ند ُ ي لم )ب( ؛ةدحاو ةنس� زواجتت ةدلم121 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما
Annex III3 رايلخا
National deactivation standardsتاعيرس�تلا ,ض�خس�لا ليجس�تب رارق ذاختا لبق تاونس� ]ض�مخ[ للخ ,بلطلا مدقم كهتني لم )ب(
Commentary Article 9 of the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition sets out general principles pertaining to deactivation, but does not provide specific, technical guidelines pertaining to deactivating firearms. It is up to States to determine their own deactivation standards. Examples of national specifications are provided below. Australia: New South Wales, Firearms Regulation 2006 Clause 34  Firearms  collections ... (3) In accordance with section 20 (a) of the [Firearms Act 1996], a firearms collector licence is subject to the condition that any prohibited firearm (being a rifle to which a category D licence applies) that is part of the collection must be rendered permanently incapable of being fired in the following manner: (a) a bore diameter mild steel rod must be inserted into the barrel of the firearm extending for the full length of the barrel, (b) the steel rod must be fully welded to: (i) the muzzle and finished flush, and (ii) the chamber of the firearm (if applicable), (c) the barrel must be welded to the receiver to prevent the barrel from being removed, (d) the firing pin must be removed and the firing pin hole welded closed, (e) any internal springs or components that can be removed without detracting from the external appearance of the firearm must be removed, (f) any trigger of the firearm must be welded in a fixed position to prevent the trigger from working, (g) the internal components of the firearm must (if possible) be welded to prevent the firearm from working, (h) any bolts and external hammers must be welded in a fixed position,150 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (i) any other mechanism or action in respect of the firearm must be welded in a closed position to prevent the firearm from working. (4) In accordance with section 20 (a) of the Act, a firearms collector licence is subject to the condition that any prohibited firearm (being a shotgun to which a category D licence applies) that is part of the collection must be rendered permanently incapable of being fired in the following manner: (a) a bore diameter mild steel rod must be inserted into the barrel of the firearm for a distance of 5 cm, (b) the steel rod must be welded flush to the muzzle, (c) a 5 cm long steel plug must be inserted into the chamber and fully welded flush, (d) the barrel must be welded to the receiver to prevent the barrel from being removed. (5) Despite subclauses (3) and (4), any such prohibited firearm may be rendered permanently incapable of being fired by being sectionalised (that is, by milling away the external parts of the firearm to expose its internal mechanisms) in an approved manner. (6) For the purposes of subclauses (3) and (4), and in addition to the requirements of those subclauses: (a) any welding required to be done must: (i) be substantial and, wherever practicable, not be done by way of spot welding, and (ii) be done by way of gas metal arc, gas tungsten arc, manual arc electrode or gas fusion with steel wire, and (b) if a firearm has a component of a non-ferrous composition that cannot be satisfactorily welded but is required to be welded, that component may be glued and pinned to prevent it from working, and (c) the barrel of a firearm that is constructed of material unsuitable for welding may be plugged with a mild steel rod and welded by gas brazing or a similar method, and (d) any nipple of a firearm must be welded so that it is blocked. Canada: Canadian Firearms Registry Deactivation Guide Deactivation involves the removal of parts or portions of parts from a firearm, and the addition of pins and welds so that the firearm can no longer chamber or fire ammunition.Annex III. National deactivation standards 151 1.  Deactivation of Small Arms  of Calibre 20mm or Less a. Semi-automatic, Full Automatic, Selective Fire, and Converted Firearms 1. A hardened steel blind pin of bore diameter or larger must be force fitted through the barrel at the chamber, and where practical, simultaneously through the frame or receiver, to prevent chambering of ammunition. Furthermore, the blind pin must be welded in place so that the exposed end of the pin is completely covered by weld. This strength and hardness of the weld must be similar to that of the metal used in the construction of the firearm. In the case of firearms having calibres greater than 12.7mm (.5 inch), the pin need not be larger in diameter than 12.7mm. In the case of multi-barrelled firearms, all barrels must be pinned, using as many pins as necessary to block all chambers. 2. The barrel must be welded to the frame or receiver to prevent replacement. 3. The breech face or portion of the breech bolt which supports the cartridge must be removed or drilled out to a diameter at least as large as the base of the cartridge, so that the bolt can no longer support the cartridge. 4. The receiver must be welded closed to prevent replacement of the breech bolt. 5. In the case of firearms designed to support full-automatic fire, the trigger mechanism must be rendered unusable. Any trigger mechanism part or component which is necessary for full-automatic fire must be destroyed by cutting or grinding and welded in place to prevent replacement. b. Rifles, Shotguns and Handguns Other Than Revolvers 1. The barrel, bolt and frame or receiver must be modified as in 1.a. 2. The bolt, if present as a separate piece, must be welded to the frame or receiver to prevent replacement. c. Revolvers, Revolving Rifles and Shotguns, and Cap and Ball Revolvers 1. The barrel and cylinder must be blocked by a hardened steel pin of bore diameter which traverses the entire length of the barrel and cylinder. The pin must be welded in place at the muzzle, barrel/cylinder gap and except for muzzle-loading firearms, at the breech end of the frame. The strength and hardness of the welds must be similar to that of the firearm. d. Black Powder Rifles and Shotguns 1. The barrel must be blocked immediately forward of the flash hole using a blind pin in the manner described in paragraph 1.c.l.152 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition 2. The flash hole must be welded closed. In the case of percussion guns, the nipple may be welded closed and then welded to the barrel to prevent replacement. e. Magazines 1. The magazine follower must be welded to the interior of the magazine to prevent loading of ammunition. 2. The body of the magazine must be welded to the frame or receiver to prevent removal or replacement. 2.  Firearms of Unusual Design or Construction a. Allowances may be made for variations of the procedures outlined in 1.a. to e. if the firearm is made of unusual substances or is of an unusual design. However, any variation in the procedure must accomplish the same goals as the original procedures. South Africa: Firearms Control Amendment Regulations, 2007 Clause 107  Deactivation of firearms ... (9) A gunsmith must deactivate a firearm in the following manner: (a) Barrel and Chamber: A tight fitting metal plug to be inserted from the rear end and welded in place to prevent chambering of a cartridge or loading of a powder charge. (b) Revolver cylinder: A tight fitting metal plug to be inserted from the rear end and welded in place to prevent chambering of a cartridge or loading of a powder charge. (c) Firing Pin: To be shortened and the firing pin hole in the breech face to be closed by welding. (d) Breech face: 75% or more to be removed at an angle of 45 (degrees). In the case of a revolver ‘breech face’ refers to the area supporting the base of the cartridge in line with the barrel. (e) Slide, Bolt or Breech-block: 75% or more of the locking surfaces to be removed at an angle of 45 (degrees). Annex III. National deactivation standards 153 (f) Frame or Receiver: 75% or more of the feed-ramp, locking shoulders and supports to be removed and a metal obstruction welded in place to prevent a standard slide, bolt or breech-block from being fitted. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Standards for firearms deactivation in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are contained in the 47-page “Specifications for the adaptation of shotgun magazines and the deactivation of firearms” (revised 2010). Schedule 4 contains the “Specifications for the deactivation of firearms” (available from www.home office.gov. uk/publications/police/firearms/ deactivation-of-firearms-2010?view=Binary). 155؛اهروبعو اهريدس�تو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا دايرتس�اب ةقلعتلما
Annex IV4 رايلخا
Destruction methodsوأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب راتجلاب قلعتت ةيئانج قباوس� بلطلا مدقلم تناك اذإا )ب(
Commentary.ىرخأا ةيرطخ مئارج بكترا وأا اهتيرخذ
Article 6, paragraph 2, of the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Traffickingبلط مدقم ليجس�ت مدع رارق ةعجارم -45 ةدالما ةعجارلم ةلوخلما ةئيهلا مس�ا جرد
in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition includes a presumption inُ ي[ لىإا بلط يمدقت ر ّدس�م وأا دروتس�مك ليجس�تلل ابلط مدق ض�خس�ل زوجي
favour of destroying firearms, their parts and components and ammunition that have been.ليجس�تلا بلط ض�فرب ]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا/ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
seized by the State, but the Protocol contains no guidelines or specific requirements withُ ي[ رارق ةعجارلم ]ض�يخترلا تارارق ديدجتلاو ليجس�تلا ةيحلس� -46 ةدالما
respect to the method of destruction. Accordingly, it is up to States to determine whatاهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألل ردس�م وأا درو���تس�مك ض�خس�لا ل���يجس�ت نو���كي -1
methods of destruction they use to destroy seized and confiscated firearms, their parts.]ماوعأا/اماع ...[ ةدلم الحاس� .هتيحلس� ءاهتنا نم ]ارهس� .../اموي ...[ لبق م َّ
and components and ammunition. In determining the destruction methods to be employed,دقي بلط ىلع ءانب ليجس�تلا د َّ دجي -2 قفرلما في )ليجس�تلا بلط( 43 ةدالما[ �ل اقفو ديدج بلط م َّ
States could consider the methods described and recommended in the report of theدقي ,ليجس�تلا ةيحلس� تهتنا اذإا -3
Secretary-General on methods of destruction of small arms, light weapons, ammunition.]لوألا
and explosives (S/2000/1092). An extract of the section of the report pertaining specifically to methods of destruction is provided below. States are also encouraged to consultقيلعتلا
the International Small Arms Control Standards module 5.50, “Destruction: weapons”,,تاونس� ض�مخو ةدحاو ةنس� ينب حواترت ر ّدس�لما وأا دروتس�لما ليجس�ت ةدم نأا امومع لود���لا ة���س�رامم ن���م ين���بتي
which updates and expands upon the report of the Secretary-General in the form of anةدلما لوط رايتخاب بلطلا مدقلم مظنلا ض�عب حمس�تو .ةلودلا ريدقتل دوعي رمأا ل���يجس�تلا ة���يحلس� ةد���م نأا ع���م
international standard.رايتخاو ديدجتلل ماظن قيبطت ىلع ةيرادإلا اهتاردق ةاعارم ةلودلا ىلع ينعتيو .كلذ ىلع ةبتترلما موس�رلا ءادأاو
..
..كلذ ىلع ءانب ينمزلا راطإلا
B. Methods of destructionيك ض�يخترلا ةئيهل تقولا نم ع���س�تم ةحاتإل يفكي ابم ةليوط ةدلم ل���يجس�تلا د���يدتج نو���كي نأا ي���غبنيو
20..
The following is a description of some of the most common methods that haveةمزللا تاقيقحتلاب مايقلاو بلطلا في رظنت دروتس�لما نم ةمدقلما تامولعلما في تايريغتلاب راعس�إلا -47 ةدالما
been used for the destruction of small arms and light weapons. The purpose is notل
to rank or recommend any particular method, but simply to present the technicalّ
necessities and constraints of each method, as well as more general advantages andجس�لما ر
disadvantages. The list is not exhaustive, as there are a multitude of ways that aّدس�لما وأا
weapon can be made inoperable or destroyed.]ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا مس�ا جرد
Burningُ
21. The two burning methods discussed here are at opposite ends of the spectrumي[ ,ةعقاولا ن���م ]اموي ...[ نوس�غ في ,ل
ranging from the cheap and simple to the complex and possibly costly:ّ
(a) open-pit burning:جس�لما ر
(i) Open-pit burning has been effectively used in a number of situations. Itّد���س�لما وأا درو���تس�لما ر���
is a simple and cheap way to destroy weapons successfully. The onlyِعس�
materials necessary for this method would be some type of fuel (woodُ
or coal) and a flammable substance to intensify the heat (gasoline for 156 Model Law on Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunitionي
example). The only skills needed would be in rendering the weapons:هعوقو لاح في يلي ابم اهتيرخذو اهتان
safe, stacking the weapons to maximize their destruction and verifyingّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 122
the destruction complete. An additional safety measure would be to have؛هليجس�ت في ةدراولا تامولعلما في مهم يريغت )أا(
all muzzles of the weapons pointing in one direction and forbidding theعيرس�ت لىإا راس�ي[ ىس�تقبم ةيمرجب[ مهتنادإا وأا ليجس�تلاب ةلس�لا يوذ ض�اخس�ألا نم يأا ماهتا )ب(
presence or movement of unauthorized personnel during the burning;.]نجس�لاب اهيلع بقاعي ةيمرجب[ ]]ض�اخ ردس�لما وأا دروتس�لما ليجس�ت ءاغلإا -48 ةدالما
(ii) Burning has the added advantage of making a highly visible, political:ردس�لما وأا دروتس�لما ليجس�ت ىغلي
and psychological statement to the conflict-affected population;؛ل
(iii) However, one of the main disadvantages of burning is its ineffectivenessَّ جس�لما ض�خس�لا بلط ىلع ءانب )أا( بلط ض�ارعتس�ا تقو اهدوجو وأا ا���هتفرعم لاح في اهنأاس� ن���م ناك ةد���يدج ع���ئاقو تر���هظ اذإا )ب( ؛ض�خس�لا ليجس�ت ض�فر لىإا يدؤوت نأا ليوألا ليجس�تلا ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا داير���تس�اب ةقلعتلما ة���لس�لا تاذ تا���عيرس�تلل ل��� ّ جس�لما ض����خس�لا ل���ثتيم لم اذإا )ج( ؛اهروبعو اهريدس�تو اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو وأا ,نمألا ض�لمج نم ةحلس�ألا ىلع ض�ورفم م ِزل ُ م رظح ماك���حأا ل��� ّ جس�لما ض����خس�لا ك���هتنا اذإا )د( مامس�نلا ىلع ةيعاوط ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ تقفاو وأا ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ �ل مزلم ة���حلس�ألا ى���لع ي���ميلقإا ر���ظح ؛ةحلس�ألا ىلع ض�ورفم ينطو رظح وأا ,هيلإا .يعيبطلا ض�خس�لا فيوت وأا ل ّ جس�لما يرابتعلا ض�خس�لا ّل ُ ح اذإا )�ه( تلجس�لا ظفح -49 ةدالما اذه نم ض�مالخا لس�فلا تايس�تقلم ا���قفو تلجس�ب لس�فلا اذه ىس�تقبم ل��� ّ جس�لما ض����خس�لا ظ���فتحي .نوناقلا اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلص�ألا دايرتص�اب ]نذإلا[ س�يخترلا -2 اهروبعو اهريدص�تو روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لاب ]نذإلا[ ض�يخترلا طورس� -50 ةدالما ريدس�تل ]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ نم ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلطب ض�خس�لا مدقتي -1 مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ امهددتح نيذللا ةقيرطلاو لك���س�لاب اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا داير���تس�ا وأا .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه اهتيرخذ وأا اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةحلس�أا يأاب ]ةلودلا مس�ا جرد��� ُ ي[ بر���عي نأا ض����خس� يأل زو���جي ل -2 .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد ُ ي[ امهددتح نيذللا ةقيرطلاو لكس�لاب ردس�ي روبعلاب ]نذإا[ ]ةس�خر[ نود123 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما قيلعتلا طترس�ي ل لوكوتوبرلا نأا يرغ .روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لاب نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلل ا���طرس� م���كلحا اذ���ه ع���س�ي اهئازجأاو ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألل ليودلا رو���بعلا نأاس�ب يربادت َذا���ختا ا���نمإاو ,رو���بعلا طا���س�نب ض����يخترلا د���يدحتلاب راعس�إا هيجوتب ,لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 10 ةدالما نم )ب( 2 ةرقفلل ا���قبط ,رو���بعلا لود ما���يقو ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ض�يخترلل بس�انلما ما���ظنلا رايتخا رمأا لودلا ر���يدقتل دوعيو .روبعلا ىلع ض����اترعا ا���هيدل ض����يل ه��� ّنأاب بو���تكم .ليودلا روبعلا يربادتو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لاب ىلعف .روبعلا وأا ريدس�تلا وأا دايرتس�لاب نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلا مظن نم ةعوممج لودلا قبطت ,عقاولا فيو دايرتس�ا ىلع طقف قبطت يتلاو ةددمح ةينمز ةدلم ةلحاس�لا ةحوتفلما ض�خرلا لودلا ض�عب لمعتس�ت ,لاثلما ليبس� حامس�لل ةحوتفلما ض�خرلا ماظن لمعتس� ُ ي امك .ةنيعم ةيداس�تقا ةعوممج راطإا في ةيندلما ةحلس�ألا روبعو ريدس�تو نحس�لاب نذإا ملتس�ا ةطيرس� لودلا ن���م ةددمح ةعوممج لىإا ةيندلما ة���حلس�ألا رو���بع وأا ر���يدس�ت وأا داير���تس�اب .كلذ لىإا امو ةس�خرلا عجرمو نئابزلاو ةلس�لس�لما ماقرألاو رايعلاو عونلا نع تا���مولعم يمد���قتب ر���يدس�تلا ل���بق روبعلاو ريدس�تلاو دايرتس�لاب نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلل ماعلا ماظنلا نم ءانثتس�ا تاءار���جإلا هذ���ه لك���س�ت نأا ب���جيو تاطلس� نم ةمراس� ةباقرل كلذ عم عس�خت نأاو ةينعلما لودلا ينب قبس�م قافتا ةمث ناك امثيح طقف قبطت نأاو .لودلا ريدقتل بس�انلما ض�يخترلا ماظن رايتخا رمأا كتريو .ةلودلا دس�قيو .ريدس�تلاب ةددعتم نوذأا رادس�إاب ,ةددمح فورظ في ,حامس�لا في ر���ظنت نأا لود���لل ن���كيم ا���مك وأا يئاهنلا مدختس�لما ض�فن لىإا ه َّ جوت ةددعتم تانحس� ض�وس�خب ّينعم ر ّدس�لم حنيم يذلا نذإلا "ددعتلما نذإلا" �ب ؛اهتيرخذو اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عطق نم اددع وأا ةدحاو ةعطق لمس�يو ةثلاث ةلود في هيلإا لس�رلما .ةلودلا نم ةمراس� ةباقرل عس�خي نأاو ً ءانثتس�ا هرودب ءارجإلا اذه لّكس�ي نأا بجيو في اهجاردإاك ,ةيديلقتلا ة���حلس�ألاب ةقلعتلما تاعيرس�تلا في تاءار���جإلا فلتمخ لودلا ض����عب جرد���ت ا���مك ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألاب قلعتت د���ق يتلا ,تاءارجإلا هذه لوانتت نأا يغبنيو .ل���ثم ,ة���يديلقتلا ة���حلس�ألاب ق���لعتم نو���ناق رفوت امثيح ,لودلا نم ةددمح ةعوممج لخاد ةس�الخا فورظلا ض�عب ,اس�يأا ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأاو يتلا لودلل ءارجإلا اذه حمس�يو .ر���خآا دلب في ةجتنم تادعم نم عنس�لا ةلمتكم ة���عطق تا���نوكم د���حأا ا���م ة���لود قلطي ,لثم ,ابوروأا فيو .يئاهنلا مادختس�لا ةداهس� نم لدب ةيلود دايرتس�ا ةدا���هس� ماد���ختس�اب تا���نوكلما ر���فوت .C2I مس�ا ماظنلا اذه ىلع ةغايس�لا لوح ةظحلم مكلحا ةفاس�إا يغبني ,اهتاعيرس�ت في )ن���ير ّدس�لماو نيدروتس�لما ليجس�ت( 1 دنبلا جرادإا ا���م ة���لود را���تخت ا���مثيح :ةدالما لىإا لياتلا اهئازجأاو ةيران ةحلس�أا ريدس�ت وأا دايرتس�ل ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلطي ض�خس� لك ] �ل نذؤوي[ ل َّ جس�ي اهتانوكمو اهئازجأاو ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل ار ّد���س�م وأا ادروتس�م هفس�وب ليودلا ىو���تس�لما ى���لع ا���هتيرخذو ا���هتانوكمو .اهتيرخذو دايرتص�لا وأا ريدص�تلا ]نذإا[ ةص�خر ىلع لوص�لحا تابلط قيلعتلا ةبولطلما تا���مولعلما عمج ة���يغب ,دايرتس�لاو ر���يدس�تلا تا���قفس� ة���لجاعلم ةرا���متس�ا ع���س�و مزل���لا ن���م نو���كيس� ةيلمع يرس�يت ً ا���نوناق ةددمح ةرامتس�ا لامعتس�ا نأا���س� نمو .لوكوتوبرلا ن���م 10 ةدا���لما ن���م 3 ةر���قفلا ب���جوبم في ةبولطم تامولعم يأا ر���كذ لافغإاف .)103 ةر���قفلا( يعيرس�تلا ليلدلا ك���لذ لىإا ير���س�ي ا���مك رار���قلا ذا���ختا .ايمس�ر لوبقم ليجس�ت بلط لكس�ت نل اهتانايب عيمج فوتس�ت لم يتلا ةرامتس�لا ّنأا ينعي ,لثم ,بلطلا ةرامتس�ا اهتيرخذو اهتان ّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 124 وأا ةيريدقت ة���لأاس�م هيف ر���ظنلا ض�فر نو���كي لو ب���لطلا ك���لذ في رار���قلا با���حس�أا ر���ظني نأا ً ا���نوناق ن���كيم لو ةللس�م وأا ةئطاخ تا���مولعم يمدقت ناك اذإاو .ة���ماع ةمكمح وأا ةيرادإا ة���مكمح ما���مأا ه���يف ن���عطلا ن���كيم ارار���ق مادختس�ا نأا���س� نم ّنأا امك .ةيئاس�ق ة���قحللم اس�اس�أا ا���س�يأا نوكي ةرامتس�لا ءل���م نإا���ف ,ا���س�يأا ا���م ّ رمج ل���عف ىلع لوس�لحا ةيلهأا ديدتح نم اهنيكمتل ةمزللا تا���مولعلما عيمجب ةس�تخلما ةطلس�لا د���يوزت ة���لافك ةرا���متس�لا .ريدس�تلا ةس�خر ليس�افت ,ةغايس�لا بولس�أا بس�ح ,اهب ةقفرلما ةيميظنتلا حئاوللا وأا اهتاذ تاعيرس�تلا نمس�تت نأا يغبنيو .ريدس�تلا نذإا وأا ة���س�خر بلاطل ةبس�نلاب بو���لطلما موس�رلاو قئاثولاو تا���بلطلا يمد���قت تاءار���جإا ن���ع ة���قيقد تاءارجإا ىوتمح نإاف ,دايرتس�لا نذإا وأا ةس�خر ة���قيثو نم ةخس�نو )ءاس�تقلا ب���س�ح( رو���بعلا نذإا ءا���نثتس�ابو ةبس�نلاب ةيرورس�لا ليس�فتلا ةجردو ىوتمح في تبلا رمأا ةلودلا ريدقتل كتريو يرا���يتخا هذ���ه تا���بلطلا يمد���قت ,لماس� راطإلا اذه ناك املك ,لوكوتوبرلا نم 10 ةدالما نم 5 ةرقفلل ا���قفوو .ي���ميظنتلا وأا ي���عيرس�تلا ا���هراطإل .انمأا ثركأا نذإلا وأا ض�يخترلا تاءارجإا تناك ريدس�تلا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط -51 ةدالما اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ر���يدس�ت ةس�خر ىلع لو���س�لحا ب���لط م َّ د���قي .]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا[ لىإا نيددحلما ةقيرطلاو لكس�لاب )يميظنت مكح( 1 رايلخا اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ريدس�ت ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط يمدقت بجي اخرؤومو اعقوم بلطلا نوكي نأا بجيو .]غلبلما[ هردقو بولطلما مس�رلاب ابوحس�م ]مقرلا/مس�لا[ ةرامتس�لا ىلع :كلذ في ابم ,ةرامتس�لا في ةبولطلما تامولعلما نمس�تيو خيرات كلذ في ابم( د���جو نإا ,)نذإلا( ليجس�تلا م���قرو[ هفتاه م���قرو ه���ناونعو ر ّد���س�لما م���س�ا )أا( ؛])ةيحلس�لا ءاهتنا وأا/و اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأا وأا/و ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا رد���س�م ,ع���ناس�لا و���ه ر ّد���س�لما ن���كي لم اذإا )ب( ؛فتاهلا مقرو ناونعلاو مس�لا كلذ في ابم ,اهتيرخذ ؛رظنلا ديق فانس�ألا عنس� دلبو هناونعو عناس�لا مس�ا ,عناس�لا وه ر ّدس�لما نكي لم اذإا )ج( وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ة���يرانلا ةحلس�ألل فس�و ,ل���عف ة���عونس�م فا���نس�ألا ت���ناك اذإا )د( اهجذونمو اهمجح وأا اهس�ايقمو فانس�ألا را���يع )ءاس�تقلا بس�ح( كلذ في ابم ,ا���هريدس�ت دار���لما ا���هتيرخذ ؛]افورعم ناك اذإا لس�لس�لما مقرلاو[ اهتميقو اهتيمكو ىخوتلما فانس�ألا ن���ع ليس�افتلا نم ن���كمم ردق بركأا ة���حاتإا ,د���عب فا���نس�ألا ع���نس�ت لم اذإا )����ه( ؛بلطلا يمدقت تقو اهريدس�ت ؛هناونعو دروتس�لما مس�ا )و( ؛هيلإا لس�رلما نع افلتمخ ناك اذإا )امهتفرعم دنع( يئاهنلا مدختس�لما ناونعو مس�ا )ز( ؛بلطلا يمدقت تقو فورعم وه امبس�ح ,ةقفس�لا في ةكترس�م ىرخأا ةهج يأا ناونعو مس�ا )ح(125 ةيفاس�إا تارابتعا -لوألا قفرلما مدختس�لما تادا���هس�( 61 ةدالما[ في ا���هيلع ض����وس�نلما ة���قيرطلاب ي���ئاهنلا مد���ختس�لما ةدا���هس� )ط( ؛]لوألا قفرلما في )يئاهنلا ؛بلطلا ةرامتس�ا اهيس�تقت ىرخأا تامولعم يأا )ي( )ج( ةيعرفلا ةرقفلاب لمع ,ةرس�امس�لا ةطس�نأل يباقر ميظنت ماظن ءاس�نإا ام ةلود راتخت امثيح )ك( ريدس�تلا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا تابلط في فس�كلا ب���لطت نأا اهل نكيم ,لو���كوتوبرلا ن���م 15 ةدا���لما ن���م .مهدوجو نكامأاو ةقفس�لا في ينكراس�لما ةرس�امس�لا ءامس�أا نع ,اهب ةقفرلما تادنتس�لما وأا )يعيرس�ت مكح( 2 رايلخا
if there is not sufficient heat produced. This could be overcome byوأا/و اهتانوكمو ا���هئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا ر���يدس�ت ةس�خر ىلع لو���س�لحا ب���لط مد���قي نأا ب���جي
re-burning, recycling the weapons, burying them beyond economicalرظنا[ ةيلاتلا تا���مولعلما نمس�تيو ]ض�يخترلا ة���ئيه مس�ا جرد
recovery, or by disabling them further through other means such as usingُ ي[ لىإا ن���يددحلما ة���قيرطلاو لك���س�لاب ا���هتيرخذ
a sledgehammer;.])ك(-)أا( ةيعرفلا تارقفلا ,1 رايلخا
(iv) An additional consideration should be the fact that unless the countryدايرتس�لا ]نذإا[ ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط -52 ةدالما
has a well-established steel industry, the scrap value of the burned armsلكس�لاب اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيران ةحلس�أا دايرتس�ا ةس�خر ىلع لوس�لحا بلط م َّ
would probably not offset the transportation costs. It would then be bestدقي
either to bury the scrap or, possibly, to construct a peace monument..]ض�يخترلا ةئيه مس�ا جرد
(v) Advantages:ُ
a. Simple and cost-effective;ي[ لىإا نيددحلما ةقيرطلاو
b. Can be done in or near the collection point;)يميظنت مكح( 1 رايلخا
c. Has minimum training and equipment requirements;ىلع اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيران ةحلس�أا دايرتس�ا ةس�خر ى���لع لو���س�لحا ب���لط م َّ
d. High visible impact with psychological and political value;د���قي
(vi) Disadvantages:نمس�تيو اخرؤومو اعقوم بلطلا نوكي نأا بجيو .]غلبلما[ هردقو بولطلما مس�رلاب قفريو ]مقرلا/مس�لا[ ةرامتس�لا
a. Not always 100 per cent effective in destroying the weapons;:كلذ في ابم ,ةرامتس�لا ىلع ةبولطلما تامولعلما
b. Minimal value for resulting scrap;ءاهتنا خيرات ك���لذ في ابم( دجو اذإا ,ل���يجس�تلا مقرو[ ه���فتاه م���قرو ه���ناونعو درو���تس�لما م���س�ا )أا(
c. Environmental concerns with temporary air pollution, especially if؛])ةيحلس�لا ؛)فانس�ألا( فنس�لا هنم دروتس�يس� يذلا دلبلا )ب(
there are high percentages of plastics and polymers in the weapons;هناونعو اهتيرخذ وأا/و اهتانوكمو اهئازجأا وأا/و ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألل دروتس�لماو يبنجألا عئابلا مس�ا )ج(
(b) Melting in foundries/blast furnaces:؛فتاهلا مقرو ناونعلاو مس�لا كلذ في ابم ,هفتاه مقرو
(i) Where it is possible to utilize electrical, blast or foundry furnaces, thisفي ابم ,اهدايرتس�ا دار���لما اهتيرخذ وأا/و ا���هتانوكمو ا���هئازجأا وأا/و ة���يرانلا ة���حلس�ألا ف���س�و )د(
is probably the optimum method of destruction. It inevitably means transporting the weapons over some distance and, as the infrastructure isلس�لس�لما مقرلاو[ اهتميقو اهتيمكو ا���هجذونمو اهمجح وأا اهس�ايقمو فانس�ألا رايع )ءا���س�تقلا ب���س�ح( ك���لذ
rarely co-located where the weapons are collected or stored, there will؛]افورعم ناك اذإا
likely be cost concerns. This method also requires a comprehensive)دروتس�لما نع افلتمخ ناك نإا( ي���ئاهنلا يقلتلما مس�ا كلذكو داير���تس�لا نم دد���حلما ض����رغلا )����ه(
destruction plan including stripping the weapons of all non-steel components, making safety checks, providing secure transportation and maintaining oversight of what will essentially be a commercial operation;؛ينفورعم اناك اذإا هناونعو
(ii) The melting process is technically safe and has minimal environmental؛بلطلا يمدقت تقو فورعم وه امبس�ح ,اهناونعو ةقفس�لا في ةكترس�م ىرخأا ةهج يأا مس�ا )و(
impact. It dispenses with the need for any supplementary process, except؛بلطلا ةرامتس�ا اهيس�تقت ىرخأا تامولعم يأا )ز(
for stripping the non-metallic parts and ancillary equipment. Depending)ج( 1 ةرقفلاب لمع ,ةرس�امس�لا ةطس�نأل ي���باقر ميظنت ماظن ءاس�نإا ا���م ة���لود را���تخت ا���مثيح )ح(
on the quantity of weapons and the percentage of high-grade steel, thereة���س�خر ى���لع لو���س�لحا تا���بلط في ف���س�كلا ب���لطت نأا ا���هل ن���كيم ,لو���كوتوبرلا ن���م 15 ةدا���لما ن���م اهتيرخذو اهتان
is a good possibility of recycling the molten metal residue. Foundryّ وكمو اهئازجأاو ,ةيرانلا ةحلس�ألا عنس� ةحفاكلم يجذونم نوناق 126
furnaces might provide their services free of charge in exchange for theن���كامأاو ة���قفس�لا في ين���كراس�لما ةر���س�امس�لا ءا���مس�أا ن���ع ,ا���هب ة���قفرلما تاد���نتس�لما وأا داير�