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United Nations A/55/153 General Assembly Distr.: General 14 July 2000 Original: English 00-63318 (E) ````````` Fifty-fifth session Item 84 of the provisional agenda* International cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space Implementation of the recommendations of the Third United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE III) Report of the Secretary-General Contents Paragraphs Page I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2 3 II. Action taken by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its subsidiary bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–29 3 A. Mechanism and working methods of the Committee to implement the recommendations of UNISPACE III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–8 3 B. Plan of action of the Office for Outer Space Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–14 4 C. Building a partnership with industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16 5 D. Promotion of the participation of youth in space activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17–18 6 E. World Space Week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19–24 6 F. Trust Fund for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications and new and innovative funding sources to implement the recommendations of UNISPACE III. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-29 7 *A/55/150.2A/55/153 III. Strategy pursued by the United Nations Programme on Space Applications and its activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30–41 8 A. Reorientation of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications following UNISPACE III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30–32 8 B. Workshops, training courses and symposia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33–34 8 C. Development of indigenous capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35–38 9 D. Technical advisory services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 10 E. Long-term fellowships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40–41 10 IV. Developments in inter-agency cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42–52 11 A. Action taken by the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities. . . . . . . 43–46 11 B. Initiatives taken by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee to enhance inter-agency cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47–49 12 C. Cooperation between the Office for Outer Space Affairs and other United Nations entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50–52 12 V. Enhancement of the International Space Information Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53–55 13 VI. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56–58 133 A/55/153 I. Introduction 1. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68 of 6 December 1999, took note with satisfaction of the report of the Third United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE III),1 which was convened in Vienna from 19 to 30 July 1999, and endorsed the resolution entitled “The Space Millennium: Vienna Declaration on Space and Human Development”.2 In that resolution, the Assembly urged Governments, organs, organizations and programmes within the United Nations system, as well as intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and industries conducting space-related activities, to take the necessary action for the effective implementation of the Vienna Declaration and called upon all concerned to implement the recommendations made by UNISPACE III. 2. In the same resolution, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to report to the Assembly at its fifty-fifth session on the implementtatio of the recommendations of UNISPACE III. In response to that request, the present report provides information on the progress made in the implementtatio of the recommendations of the Conference. It was finalized following the forty-third session of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, held in Vienna from 7 to 16 June 2000, in order to reflect the outcome of that session. II. Action taken by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its subsidiary bodies 3. In accordance with General Assembly resolutiio 54/67 of 6 December 1999, the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, at its thirty-seventh session, reconvened the Working Group of the Whole to consider the future work of the Subcommittee in the light of the recommendations of UNISPACE III. The Working Group of the Whole considered the implementation of the recommendations of UNISPACE III as well as the work of the Subcommittee and made a number of recommendations, as reflected in its report (A/AC.105/736, annex II). The Committee, at its fortythhir session, endorsed those recommendations of the Working Group of the Whole and made further progress in the following areas in implementing the recommendations of UNISPACE III: (a) mechanism and working methods of the Committee, including the methods to involve non-governmental entities in its work; (b) actions to be taken by the Office for Outer Space Affairs of the Secretariat; (c) strengthening of the partnership of the Subcommittee with industry; (d) establishment of a consultative mechanism within the Committee to facilitate the participation of young people in space-related activities; (e) celebration of World Space Week each year from 4 to 10 October; and (f) new and innovative funding sources. A. Mechanism and working methods of the Committee to implement the recommendations of UNISPACE III 4. The Working Group of the Whole of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee reviewed the strategy to address global challenges as contained in the Vienna Declaration. With regard to actions to be taken within the framework of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, the Working Group of the Whole agreed that the current structure of the agenda of the Subcommittee3 would facilitate the consideration of those issues of global concern and the implementation of the corresponding elements of the strategy referred to in the Vienna Declaration that were relevant to the work of the Subcommittee. 5. The Working Group of the Whole recommended that the Subcommittee consider the items contained in the nucleus of the strategy referred to in the Vienna Declaration through multi-year work plans. On the basis of the recommendations by the Working Group of the Whole, the Committee agreed that the agenda of the Subcommittee for its thirty-eighth session, in 2001, would include the following items to be considered under three-year work plans: (a) means of and mechanisms for strengthening inter-agency cooperation and increasing the use of space applications and services within and among entities of the United Nations system; and (b) implementation of an integraated space-based global natural disaster management system. 6. With regard to the role of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee and its Working Group of the Whole in implementing the recommendations of4A/55/153 UNISPACE III, the Committee agreed that the Subcommittee should be assigned the task of discussing the matter and reporting each year to the Committee on its findings and recommendations for final approval and/or modifications. The Committee also agreed that the Subcommittee would discuss the matter through its Working Group of the Whole. 7. With regard to its role, the Committee agreed to consider matters relating to the implementation of the recommendations of UNISPACE III under a separate agenda item at its sessions to be held in 2001 to 2004. At those sessions, the Committee might establish a working group of the whole to consider some issues under that agenda item. The Committee agreed that it would prepare a report at its forty-seventh session, in 2004, on progress made in implementing the recommendations of UNISPACE III for review and evaluation by the General Assembly, in accordance with Assembly resolution 54/68. 8. The question of the participation of civil society, including industry, was also raised during the fortythhir session of the Committee. The Committee took note of an initiative being taken under the theme “Priorities for space activities in the twenty-first century” under the auspices of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) as well as other initiatives to engage non-governmental entities in the implementation of selected recommendations resulting from UNISPACE III. The Committee agreed that the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee should review those initiatives and report to the Committee at its forty-fourth session, in 2001, on its findings and views on the modalities for the engagement of nongovernnmenta entities. International and multinational non-governmental entities would primarily interface with the Committee through the Office for Outer Space Affairs, which would ensure that the Committee and its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee and Legal Subcommittee were fully informed of the ongoing work of the initiatives of non-governmental entities. National organizations would continue to interface with the Committee through their respective States. B. Plan of action of the Office for Outer Space Affairs 9. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, requested the Secretary-General to recommend measures to ensure that the Office for Outer Space Affairs was provided with adequate resources to implement the actions listed in paragraph 11 of that resolution on the basis of the recommendations of UNISPACE III. In connection with that request, the Office prepared a plan of action (A/AC.105/L.224), in which it reviewed its role in the follow-up to UNISPACE III and proposed actions that it could take. Some of the proposed actions had been identified by UNISPACE III for implementation by the Office. The Office identified further steps that it could take to promote or support initiatives by the international community aimed at implementation of the recommendations of UNISPACE III. The plan of action was submitted to the Committee for consideration at its forty-third session. 10. The actions proposed by the Office were designed to achieve the following objectives in support of the work of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its subsidiary bodies: (a) Strengthening the role of the Committee and its subcommittees in the formulation of policy and the promotion of international cooperation in space activities; (b) Initiating a capacity-building programme in areas relating to space law; (c) Strengthening the activities of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications; (d) Promoting the use of space technologies within the United Nations system; (e) Encouraging non-governmental entities, such as space-related industry and non-governmental organizations, to play a larger role in United Nations efforts to promote the peaceful uses of outer space; (f) Increasing the awareness of the general public and young people of the benefits of space activities. 11. The actions proposed by the Office to strengthen the role of the Committee and its subcommittees include a biannual global survey of existing mechanisms for international cooperation in space activities and an analytical study to identify areas of space-related activities where new and innovative mechanisms for cooperation are required. As part of a capacity-building programme in space law that could be initiated, the Office proposed to organize a workshop5 A/55/153 on legal aspects of space activities and to conduct expanded research on the national and international regulations affecting space-related activities. 12. To strengthen the activities of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications, the Office proposed to launch a series of training modules to further enable developing countries to use space technologies in the areas of disaster management, satellite communicatioons including distance education, and positioning and navigation satellite systems. Those training modules would include identification of technical, administrative and policy requirements, as well as stepbbystep procedures to incorporate space technology in practical operations. In order to increase opportunities for participants in the training courses and long-term fellowship programmes to utilize the knowledge and skills acquired through those training activities, the Office proposed to provide technical and financial assistance to selected participants to initiate demonstration or pilot projects in their home countries, particularly in the areas of disaster management, teleeducaation telemedicine, natural resource management and environmental monitoring. The Office also proposed to strengthen the technical advisory services in astronomy and the planetary sciences, including support for developing countries to participate in research and observation of near-Earth objects. 13. In support of the initiatives taken by the Committee and the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities to increase the use of space technologies within the United Nations system (see section IV below), the Office proposed to conduct a survey to identify those organizations whose activities could benefit from space applications in terms of costeffectiiveness In order to strengthen the partnership with civil society, the Office proposed to prepare proposals for pilot projects that might be carried out by industry and non-governmental organizations. It could also provide technical support to initiatives taken by non-governmental entities in implementing the recommendations of UNISPACE III. In launching a public outreach programme and a programme for young people, the Office proposed to organize an annual public forum to inform the public of space activities and their benefits to society at large, as well as to provide opportunities for primary and secondary schools to participate in human space flight activities. The Office also proposed to develop an interactive multimedia education service, which would provide the general public, in particular students of primary and secondary schools, with access to educational materials on various subjects of space science and technology as well as opportunities to participate in on-line interviews with astronauts and cosmonauts using the Internet. 14. The Committee, at its forty-third session, endorsed the plan of action of the Office for Outer Space Affairs and recommended its implementation. Prior to taking that decision, the Committee was informed, through an oral statement, of the estimated costs of implementation.4 The activities proposed in the plan of action were recommended to be carried out in the year 2001, and have not been included in the programme budget for the biennium 2000-2001. The potential for absorption as well as any net additional resources required would be included in the programme budget implication statement to be submitted to the Fourth Committee during the fifty-fifth session of the General Assembly. C. Building a partnership with industry 15. As noted by Member States, the participation of space-related industry contributed to the success of UNISPACE III. It was also noted that involving industry in the work of the Committee and its subsidiary bodies would be important. 16. In accordance with General Assembly resolutiio 54/68, the Office for Outer Space Affairs organized, during the thirty-seventh session of the Subcommittee, a symposium on the theme “Interactive multimedia satellite services: implications for the twenty-first century”, in order to strengthen the partnership of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee with industry. With regard to future sessions of the Subcommittee, the Committee endorsed the recommendations of the Working Group of the Whole concerning the structure of the symposium involving industry participation and the selection of a theme and speakers. For the thirty-eighth session of the Subcommittee, in 2001, the theme of the symposium with industry would focus on the emerging applications of global navigation satellite systems in improving the productivity of national and regional infrastructure such as transportation, oil and gas networks, agriculture and telecommunications.6A/55/153 D. Promotion of the participation of youth in space activities 17. The participation of young people was another major element contributing to the success of UNISPACE III. Young people contributed to the work of the Conference through discussions held during the Space Generation Forum, organized by and for young professionals and university students. Some of their recommendations were included in the recommendations of UNISPACE III, such as the creation of a consultative mechanism to facilitate the continued participation of young people from all over the world, especially young people from developing countries and young women, in cooperative spacerellate activities. The Vienna Declaration called for action to create such a mechanism within the framework of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. 18. At the thirty-seventh session of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee, the Working Group of the Whole noted that the Youth Advisory Council, a voluntary body, had been formed to facilitate the implementation of various initiatives proposed by the Space Generation Forum. The Working Group of the Whole agreed that the Youth Advisory Council could be granted observer status with the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. E. World Space Week 19. Following a recommendation of UNISPACE III, the General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, declared 4 to 10 October World Space Week to celebrate each year at the international level the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition. The dates for World Space Week were agreed upon bearing in mind that 4 October 1957 was the date of the launch into outer space of the first human-made Earth satellite, Sputnik 1, thus opening the way for space exploration, and that 10 October 1967 was the date of the entry into force of the Treaty on Principles governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.5 20. In response to a request by the Working Group of the Whole, the Office for Outer Space Affairs developed a plan to celebrate World Space Week for consideration by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space at its forty-third session. The plan consisted of the following major components: (a) creating awareness; (b) organizing United Nations events; and (c) coordination and encouragement of events. 21. In order to create awareness of World Space Week among the general public, Member States were invited to inform as many of their relevant bodies, agencies and institutions as possible about the Week and to organize events to celebrate it. The organizations within the United Nations system, space-related international organizations and science centres and associations were also invited to take similar action. The Committee noted with satisfaction that some member States had already planned activities to contribute to the celebration of World Space Week. In addition, the Office for Outer Space Affairs indicated that it planned to disseminate relevant information through its home page and that of the Department of Public Information of the Secretariat, as well as through the press and the media. 22. The Office proposed to organize special events at United Nations Headquarters and in Vienna to launch the first World Space Week in 2000. The event at United Nations Headquarters would be organized with the Department of Public Information. The Office proposed to include in that event demonstrations or presentations on the use of space technology in such areas as disaster response and telemedicine, a student press conference and panel discussions by astronauts and cosmonauts. 23. In developing a plan to coordinate and encourage events around the world, the Office was assisted by the Spaceweek International Association, an independent non-profit organization established in 1981 to coordinate public events celebrating a space week in March. The Spaceweek International Association had already been organizing various public events to increase public awareness of space activities and to encourage schoolchildren to participate in space activities. It decided to change the dates of its space week to coincide with the dates for World Space Week. 24. The Committee, at its forty-third session, agreed upon the implementation of the plan proposed by the Office for Outer Space Affairs to celebrate World Space Week.7 A/55/153 F. Trust Fund for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications and new and innovative funding sources to implement the recommendations of UNISPACE III 25. The Vienna Declaration called for the establishment of a special voluntary fund for the purpose of implementing the recommendations of UNISPACE III. In that connection, the General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, requested the Secretary-General to modify the terms of reference of the Trust Fund for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications established pursuant to its resolutiio 37/90 of 10 December 1982, to include implementtatio of the recommendations of UNISPACE III. The Assembly also requested the Secretary-General to invite all States to contribute voluntarily to the Trust Fund and, in his letter of invitation, to identify priority project proposals, on the basis of recommendations of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. The Assembly further requested the Office for Outer Space Affairs to provide the Committee with a report listing those States which have responded to the invitation. 26. At its forty-third session, the Committee had before it a list of priority projects proposed by the Office. Having considered the list, the Committee recommended that the following projects and activities be included in the letter of invitation of the Secretary-General referred to in paragraph 25 above: (a) Support of operational activities of the regional centres for space science and technology education, affiliated to the United Nations, and the Network of Space Science and Technology Education and Research Institutions for Central Eastern and South-Eastern Europe; (b) Development of disaster-specific modules and implementation of pilot projects in developing countries to introduce the use of space technologies in disaster management; (c) Provision of satellite data and hardware and software to user institutions in developing countries to initiate or strengthen pilot projects that use Earth observation data for protecting the environment and management of natural resources; (d) Development and implementation of a training module on the use of satellite communications for distance education, telemedicine and telehealth applications; (e) Organization of outreach activities for young people and for the general public. 27. Following the identification of priority projects, as recommended by the Committee, all States have been invited to contribute to the Trust Fund for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications. 28. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, agreed that the Committee and its secretariat should identify new and innovative funding sources for implementing the recommendations of UNISPACE III in order to supplement the resources to be provided through the Trust Fund for the United Nations Programme on Space Applications. 29. The Working Group of the Whole considered the question of new and innovative funding sources and made a number of recommendations, as reflected in its report (A/AC.105/736, annex II), on the ways in which Governments, international development financial institutions, space agencies, universities and specialized space-related institutions might provide support to the regional centres and the Network referred to in paragraph 26 (a) above. The Working Group of the Whole also suggested a set of measures whereby industry could provide support, such as donating computer equipment, basic software licences, imageproceessin and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software and receivers of satellite positioning signals for various applications. The Working Group of the Whole noted that the development of institutional capacity to use space technologies in operational programmes would also support the activities of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications. In that regard, the Working Group of the Whole recommended a set of measures to support the Programme, such as identifying user requirements and all the necessary steps required to introduce those technologies operationally, providing limited amounts of optical and radar data for pilot projects, and allowing free access for small amounts of transmission time through communications satellites for pilot projects.8A/55/153 III. Strategy pursued by the United Nations Programme on Space Applications and its activities A. Reorientation of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications following UNISPACE III 30. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, identified the actions to be taken by the Office for Outer Space Affairs on the basis of the recommendations of UNISPACE III, including the strengthening of the activities of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications. The plan of action proposed by the Office (A/AC.105/L.224) included additional activities of the Programme for 2001 (see para. 12 above). The activities of the Programme could also be strengthened through the reorientation of its major existing activities, in particular the organization of workshops and training courses, the technical advisory services and the long-term fellowships. The Expert on Space Applications, in his report to the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (A/AC.105/730), outlined an overall strategy to reorient the Programme following UNISPACE III and the activities to be carried out in 2000 and 2001 in line with that strategy. Those activities were endorsed by the Committee at its forty-third session. 31. The main goal of the Programme would be to promote, through international cooperation, greater use of space technologies and data for sustainable economic and social development in the developing countries. In order to achieve that goal, the Programme would concentrate initially on a few themes of major importance for developing countries and establish objectives that could be reached in the short to medium term. 32. The Committee noted that the priority themes of the Programme were: (a) disaster management; (b) satellite communications for tele-education and telemedicine applications; (c) monitoring and protection of the environment, including the prevention of infectious diseases; (d) management of natural resources; and (e) education and research in basic space sciences. The Committee also noted that within each priority theme, the following main objectives would be pursued: (a) raising awareness among decision makers in developing countries of the cost-effectiveness of space applications and of the additional benefits for their national development programmes to be derived therefrom; (b) building or strengthening the capacity of developing countries to use space technology; and (c) increasing awareness among the general public of the social and economic benefits of space applications. B. Workshops, training courses and symposia 33. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, paragraph 11 (d) (iv), called for the organization of workshops and conferences on advanced space applicatiion and new system developments for programme managers and leaders of space technology development and applications activities within the framework of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications. Some of those activities carried out or planned in 2000 include the following: (a) Tenth United Nations/Sweden International Training Course on Remote Sensing for Educators, organized in cooperation with the Government of Sweden and held in Stockholm and Kiruna, Sweden, from 2 May to 9 June 2000; (b) Ninth United Nations/European Space Agency (ESA) Workshop on Basic Space Science: Satellites and Network of TelescopesTools for Global Participation in the Study of the Universe, organized in cooperation with the Government of France and ESA and held in Toulouse, France, from 27 to 30 June 2000; (c) United Nations/Austria Symposium on Enhancing the Participation of Youth in Space Activities, organized in cooperation with the Government of Austria and ESA, to be held in Graz, Austria, from 11 to 14 September 2000; (d) United Nations/IAF Workshop on Operational Strategy for Sustainable Development Using Space, organized in cooperation with the Government of Brazil, the Centre national d’études spatiales (CNES) of France, ESA and IAF to be held in São José dos Campos, Brazil, from 28 to 30 September 2000;(e) United Nations/International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) Workshop on Small Satellites in Latin America, organized in cooperation with IAA, to be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on 5 October 2000,9 A/55/153 during the fifty-first Congress of the International Astronautical Federation; (f) United Nations/ESA/Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) Workshop on Data Analysis Techniques, organized in cooperation with the Government of India, ESA and COSPAR, to be held in Bangalore, India, from 9 to 13 October 2000; (g) United Nations/ESA Workshop on the Use of Space Technology in Disaster Management, organized in cooperation with the Government of Chile and ESA, to be held in La Serena, Chile, from 13 to 16 November 2000; (h) United Nations Workshop on Global Navigation Satellite System Applications, organized in cooperation with the Government of Malaysia, to be held in Kuala Lumpur from 13 to 17 November 2000. 34. The following training courses, workshops and symposia are planned for 2001: (a) Eleventh United Nations/Sweden International Training Course on Remote Sensing Education for Educators, to be held in Stockholm and Kiruna, Sweden; (b) United Nations/ESA Workshop on Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring and Natural Resource Management, to be held in Prague; (c) United Nations/IAF Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for the Benefit of Developing Countries, to be held in Toulouse, France; (d) Tenth United Nations/ESA Workshop on Basic Space Science for Developing Countries in Africa, to be held in Mauritius; (e) Second United Nations/Austria Symposium on Enhancing the Participation of Youth in Space Activities, to be held in Graz, Austria; (f) United Nations/ESA/COSPAR Workshop on Data Analysis Techniques, to be held in Damascus. C. Development of indigenous capability 35. The United Nations Programme on Space Applications provides education and training support to developing countries through the regional centres for space science and technology education and the Network of Space Science and Technology Education and Research Institutions for Central Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 54/68. The regional centres and the Network have been or are being established pursuant to Assembly resolutions 45/72 of 11 December 1990 and 50/27 of 6 December 1995. Further progress has been made in the operation and establishment of the regional centres and the Network, as reflected in the updated information provided by the Expert on Space Applications in his report to the Committee (A/AC.105/730). 36. Since it was inaugurated in India in November 1995, the Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific has held the following postgraduate training courses: (a) three ninemoont courses in remote sensing and GIS; (b) two ninemoont courses in satellite communications; (c) a ninemoont course on satellite meteorology and the global climate; (d) a six-month course in space science; and (e) a one-month course on digital image processing. A total of 226 persons from 33 countries in the region have attended the postgraduate courses. In 2000, the Centre began nine-month training courses on satellite meteorology and the global climate, on space and atmospheric science, and on remote sensing and GIS. The Centre also organized, in 2000, a one-month international training course on remote sensing and GIS technology and applications in natural resources and environmental management, and a one-week training course on applications of satellite communications for development. The number of States members of the Governing Board of the Centre has reached 14. Pursuant to a recommendation of the General Assembly in its resolution 54/67, paragraph 23, Member States concerned in Asia and the Pacific are undertaking consultations, with the assistance of the Office for Outer Space Affairs, with a view to making the Centre grow into a network of nodes. 37. The African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technologyin French Language and the African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Educationin English Language were inaugurated, respectively, in Morocco, in October 1998, and in Nigeria, in November 1998. The Centre in Morocco held its first workshop on remote sensing and GIS from 17 to 19 April 2000. The Centre in Nigeria held its first regional workshop on remote sensing applications from 10 to 14 April 2000.10 A/55/153 38. The Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Latin America and the Caribbean held the first meeting of its Governing Board in October 1999. The headquarters agreement between the Centre and the Government of Brazil, which will allow the Centre to begin its activities, is ready for signature. In western Asia, following the review of a report on an evaluation mission and of offers and commitments made by interested countries, Jordan has been identified as the country that would host the Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Western Asia. In the case of central eastern and south-eastern Europe, the Steering Committee of the Network of Space Science and Technology Education and Research Institutions for Central Eastern and South-Eastern Europe held a special session to discuss a memorandum of understanding for the Network. D. Technical advisory services 39. Another major component of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications is the provision of technical advisory services, an activity identified by the General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, for inclusion in the Programme. The areas covered include the following: (a) Collaborating with the Government of Japan and ESA in follow-up activities relating to the series of workshops on basic space science, including the establishment and operation of astronomical telescope facilities in Colombia, Egypt, Honduras, Jordan, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Uruguay; (b) Providing assistance to the Asia-Pacific Satellite Communication Council (APSCC) to support its growth and operation, in particular its preparations for the APSCC 2000 Conference and Exhibition, entitled “New Vision for Satellite Communications in the 21st Century”; (c) Collaborating with space agencies and international organizations that use Earth observation data and assisting in the activities of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS), in particular through the ad hoc working group on Earth observation education and training in developing countries and the Disaster Management Support Group, which will foster improved utilization of existing and planned Earth observation satellite data to support natural and technological disaster management on a worldwide basis;(d) Assisting ESA in providing the Water Research Institute in Accra with computers and software to strengthen the indigenous capability in using remote sensing and GIS data in various environmental and water resource applications in Ghana; (e) Collaborating with ESA and the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the Secretariat in supporting the implementation of projects on the use of Earth observation satellite data for monitoring glaciers and snow cover in Latin America, managing coastal resources in Asia and locating and planning the management of humid areas in Africa; (f) Providing assistance to the United Nations International Drug Control Programme, in partnership with ESA, in developing a methodology for the use of satellite images to monitor illicit crop cultivation. E. Long-term fellowships 40. To promote the development of indigenous capability, five long-term fellowships will be awarded for the in-depth training of individuals from developing countries in the area of remote sensing. For the period from 2000 to 2001, two fellowships have been offered by the Government of China and three by ESA. 41. Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 54/68, the long-term fellowship programme is being reoriented to strengthen its effectiveness and enhance the results of other activities of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications. The three fellowships offered by ESA will allow university educators who have participated in the series of United Nations/Sweden international training courses to improve their skills and to demonstrate, through appropriate projects in their university environment, the practical usefulness of remote sensing.11 A/55/153 IV. Developments in inter-agency cooperation 42. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, paragraph 3, urged organs, organizations and programmes within the United Nations system to take the necessary action for the effective implementation of the Vienna Declaration. In paragraph 5 of that resolution, the Assembly also requested all relevant organizations of the United Nations system to review and, where necessary, adjust their programmes and activities in line with the recommendations of UNISPACE III and to take appropriate measures to ensure their full and effective implementation, taking into account the needs of developing countries, in particular by further enhancing the coordination of their space-related activities through the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities. A. Action taken by the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities 43. The space-related activities of the organizations within the United Nations system are coordinated at the annual session of the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities. Several United Nations bodies and specialized agencies, in particular the United Nations Environment Programme, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the Economic Commission for Africa, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the International Telecommunication Union and the World Meteorological Organization, have extensive spacerellate programmes. Details of those programmes can be found in the annual reports of the Secretary-General on the coordination of outer space activities within the United Nations system, which are reviewed by the Meeting. The latest report (A/AC.105/726) contains an overview of the programme of work for 2000, 2001 and future years. 44. At its twentieth session, held in Vienna in February 2000, the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities noted that UNISPACE III had emphasized the importance of strengthening interageenc coordination and cooperation in space-related activities. The Meeting reached an agreement on several issues that should lead to enhanced inter-agency coordination and cooperation. 45. The Meeting agreed upon a revised structure to be given to the annual report of the Secretary-General on the coordination of outer space activities within the United Nations system in order to better reflect the priority areas of space applications identified by Member States during UNISPACE III. Under the revised structure, the report would describe relevant experiences and lessons learned and include recommendations concerning the coordination of space activities. In that connection, the Meeting agreed to consider, at its session in 2001, a new agenda item entitled “Methods to enhance further the inter-agency coordination of space activities”. 46. The Meeting noted that while UNISPACE III had stressed the importance of space technology for sustainable development, including the protection of the Earth's environment and the management of its resources, the importance of space applications had not been sufficiently stressed in Agenda 21,6 adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. The Meeting therefore agreed that it should contribute to any future review of relevant provisions in Agenda 21, including a review of chapter 40 of Agenda 21 to be conducted by the Commission on Sustainable Development in 2001, and to a possible event to be held in 2002, 10 years after UNCED. The Meeting also agreed that its work should be brought more prominently to the attention of the heads of organizations of the United Nations system. In that connection, the Meeting agreed that the Office for Outer Space Affairs should explore the possibility of requesting the Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC) to resume its consideration of the coordination of space-related activities within the United Nations system. As a result, the Office has been discussing with the secretariats of the Organizational Committee and of the Consultative Committee on Programme and Operational Questions of ACC the possibility of including the work of the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities within the scope of the machinery of ACC.12 A/55/153 B. Initiatives taken by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee to enhance inter-agency cooperation 47. At their sessions held in 2000, the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee took initiatives to promote the use of space technologies within the United Nations system and to enhance inter-agency cooperation and coordination in space-related activities. Their initiatives would be complemented by the work being conducted by the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities. 48. The Committee agreed that the Subcommittee should begin, from its session in 2001, its consideration of the item entitled “Means of and mechanisms for strengthening inter-agency cooperation and increasing the use of space applications and services within and among entities of the United Nations system”. The item would be considered in accordance with the following work plan. In 2001, the Subcommittee would analyse the current levels of usage of space applications and services within the United Nations system and examine the utility of space applications and services for increasing the effectiveness, efficiency and coordination of the operation of United Nations entities. In 2002, the Subcommittee would identify the barriers to greater use of space applications and services within the United Nations system and examine specific means and mechanisms to eliminate those barriers. In 2003, the Subcommittee would develop specific and concrete proposals and, as appropriate, action plans for strengthening inter-agency cooperation in the use of space technology and for increasing the use of space applications and services within the United Nations system. 49. In order to facilitate consideration of the issues, the Subcommittee requested the Office for Outer Space Affairs to prepare a list of questions to be circulated to United Nations entities, with the objective of increasing the effectiveness, efficiency and coordination of the space activities of the agencies and bodies of the United Nations system. The Committee approved the list of questions prepared by the Office (A/AC.105/L.223), and endorsed the recommendation of the Subcommittee that the General Assembly, at its fifty-fifth session, should request all United Nations entities concerned to provide the Office with appropriate information in response to that list of questions. C. Cooperation between the Office for Outer Space Affairs and other United Nations entities 50. The Office for Outer Space Affairs has endeavoured to strengthen inter-agency cooperation and coordination through the provision of support to the work of the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities and to that of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee. It has also taken further steps to enhance its partnership with other United Nations entities in space-related activities. 51. In the field of disaster management, the Office and the secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) have identified areas of mutual interest. The Office has invited the ISDR secretariat to participate in its activities, including the United Nations/ESA Workshop on the Use of Space Technology in Disaster Management, to be held in Chile in November 2000 (see para. 33 (g) above), and the preparation of a report for consideration by the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee at its session in 2001 under the agenda item on a space-based natural disaster management system (see para. 5 above). The ISDR secretariat has invited the Office to co-sponsor a disaster management workshop for Africa in 2001. At the suggestion of the ISDR secretariat, the Office will also consider how it could contribute to the work of the Inter-Agency Task Force on Disaster Reduction. 52. To provide a humanitarian response to natural disasters, the Office for Outer Space Affairs has contributed to the report of the Secretary-General on the strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations. At the invitation of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Office for Outer Space Affairs participated in the panel on natural disasters, held during the humanitarian segment of the Economic and Social Council, from 19 to 21 July 2000. V. Enhancement of the International Space Information Service13 A/55/153 53. The General Assembly, in its resolution 54/68, called upon the Secretary-General to disseminate as widely as possible the results of UNISPACE III. To that end, the Office for Outer Space Affairs has published and distributed the proceedings of the Technical Forum of UNISPACE III7 through its International Space Information Service, established by General Assembly resolution 37/90. Other recent publications distributed through the International Space Information Service include Highlights in Space 1999,8 a compilation of reports prepared by IAF, COSPAR and the International Institute of Space Law, and Seminars of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications,9 a compilation of selected papers presented during events organized by the United Nations Programme on Space Applications in 1999. 54. The dissemination of information on developmeent in space science and technology and on the work of the United Nations in the peaceful uses of outer space continues to be a major activity of the Office. This activity supports initiatives taken by the Office, through its outreach programme and its programme for young people (see para. 13 above), to increase awareness among the general public, in particular the young, of the benefits of space science and technology for economic, social and cultural development. 55. The International Space Information Service has been expanded through the development of an Internet home page. The home page of the Office currently contains information on the following: all the spacerellate legal instruments adopted by the General Assembly; the Committee and its subsidiary bodies; and the outcome of and follow-up to UNISPACE III. It includes an overview of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications and information provided in accordance with the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (General Assembly resolution 3235 (XXIX), annex) by States Parties thereto, drawn from an up-to-date database established and maintained by the Office. The Office is also developing databases containing publicly available national legislation and laws relating to space activities as well as information concerning UNISPACE III. VI. Conclusion 56. During the fifty-fourth session of the General Assembly, Member States expressed their satisfaction with the outcome of UNISPACE III. Organized within the existing resources of the United Nations and sustained by the contribution of civil society, including managers of private companies and young people, UNISPACE III was deemed a success by all those involved. Through the Vienna Declaration on Space and Human Development, UNISPACE III identified common goals to be pursued by the international community in carrying out space activities for the benefit of humanity, and articulated measures to be taken to achieve those goals. 57. The time has come for the hopes and expectations raised by the success of UNISPACE III to be translated into reality. Momentum has been created for an expansion of international cooperation, through the use of space science and technology, to achieve significant improvements in the social, economic and cultural conditions of all peoples, in particular those living in poverty. 58. The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its subsidiary bodies, the Inter-Agency Meeting on Outer Space Activities and the Office for Outer Space Affairs have begun to take concrete steps towards achieving the goals identified by UNISPACE III. Their initiatives, if supported by all Governments, all organizations within the United Nations system and as many non-governmental organizations and industries as possible, will lead to the successful implementation of the Vienna Declaration. By the year 2004, when the General Assembly reviews and appraises the implementattio of the outcome of UNISPACE III, the expanded use of space science and technology should have led to noticeable changes in the human condition, and the usefulness of space tools should have been duly recognized by many international forums on a wide range of social and economic issues of global concern. Notes 1 United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.I.3. 2 Ibid., chap. I, resolution 1. 3 At its forty-second session, in 1999, the Committee agreed upon the new approach in composing the agenda of its Scientific and Technical Subcommittee. In addition14 A/55/153 to a few agenda items to be considered at each session, the current structure of the agenda of the Subcommittee consists of items to be considered under multi-year work plans and single issues/items for discussion, to be considered for one session unless extended. 4 The text of the oral statement is contained in the annex to the report of the Committee. See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 20 (A/55/20), annex. 5 General Assembly resolution 2222 (XXI), annex. 6 Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda), vol. I: Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex II. 7 Proceedings of the Technical Forum (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.I.7). 8 United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.I.8. 9 United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.I.6. ______________联合国 A/55/153 大 会 Distr.: General 14 July 2000 Chinese Original: English 00-63317 (C) 120900 120900 第五十五届会议 临时议程项目84 和平利用外层空间方面的国际合作 第三次联合国探索及和平利用外层空间会议 第三次外空会议建议的执行情况 秘书长的报告 目录 段次 页次 一. 导言.................................................. ............ 1-2 3 二. 和平利用外层空间委员会及其附属机构采取的行动...................... 3-29 3 A. 委员会执行第三次外空会议建议的机制和工作方法.................. 4-8 3 B. 外层空间事务厅行动计划........................................ 9-14 4 C. 建立同产业界的伙伴关系........................................ 15-16 5 D. 建立同产业界的伙伴关系........................................ 17-18 5 E. 世界空间周.................................................. .. 19-24 5 F. 联合国空间应用方案信托基金和执行第三次外空会议建议的新的并具有创新意义的供资来源............................................ 25-29 6 三. 联合国空间应用方案所执行的战略及其活动............................ 30-41 6 A. 第三次外空会议之后对联合国空间应用方案进行的调整.............. 30-32 6 B. 讲习班培训班和专题讨论会.................................... 33-34 7 A/55/150 2 A/55/153 段次 页次 C. 本国能力的发展................................................ 35-38 8 D. 技术咨询服务.................................................. 39 8 E. 长期研究金.................................................. .. 40-41 9 四. 机构间合作的发展情况.............................................. 42-52 9 A. 外层空间活动机构间会议所采取的行动............................ 43-46 9 B. 和平利用外层空间委员会及其科学和技术小组委员会所采取的加强机构间合作的举措.................................................. 47-49 9 C. 外层空间事务厅与其他联合国实体之间的合作...................... 50-52 10 五. 加强国际空间情报服务处............................................ 53-55 10 六. 结论.................................................. ............ 56-58 11 3 A/55/153 一. 导言 1. 大会在其1999年12月6日的第54/68号决议中满意地注意到1999 年7 月19 日至30 日在维也纳召开的第三次联合国探索及和平利用外层空间会议第三次外空会议的报告1 并核准了题为空间千年关于空间和人的发展的维也纳宣言的决议2 在该决议中大会促请各国政府联合国系统各机关组织和方案以及从事与空间活动有关的政府间组织非政府组织和工业采取必要行动有效执行维也纳宣言并吁请所有有关各方执行第三次外空会议所提出的建议 2. 在同一份决议中大会还请秘书长向大会第五十五届会议报告第三次外空会议建议的执行情况根据该请求本报告提供了在执行会议决议方面所取得的进展的情况本报告是在2000 年6月7 日至16 日在维也纳举行的和平利用外层空间委员会第四十三届会议后定稿的以便反映该届会议的结果 二. 和平利用外层空间委员会及其附属机构采取的行动 3. 根据大会1999年12月6日第54/67号决议和平利用外层空间委员会科学和技术小组委员会在其第三十七届会议上重新召开了全体工作组会议以根据第三次外空会议的建议审议小组委员会未来的工作全体工作组审议了第三次外空会议建议的执行情况及小组委员会的工作并提出了反映在其报告(A/AC.105/736 附件二)中的若干建议委员会在其第四十三届会议上赞同全体工作组的这些建议并在执行第三次外空会议建议的下述领域方面取得了进一步的进展(a) 委员会的机制和工作方法包括使非政府实体参与其工作的方法(b) 拟由秘书处外层空间事务厅采取的行动(c) 加强小组委员会与实业界的伙伴关系(d) 在委员会的范围之内建立一种有助于青年人参与与空间有关活动的协商机制(e) 每年10 月4 日至10 日庆祝世界空间周(f) 新的具有创新意义的供资来源 A. 委员会执行第三次外空会议建议的机制和工作方法 4. 科学和技术小组委员会全体工作组审查了应付维也纳宣言所载全球性挑战的战略关于拟在和平利用外层空间委员会的范围之内采取的行动全体工作组商定小组委员会现行议程结构3 将有助于审议为全世界所关注的这些问题并执行维也纳宣言所提及的同小组委员会工作有关的战略的相应部分 5. 全体工作组建议小组委员会通过多年期工作计划审议维也纳宣言提及的这类战略核心部分所载的项目根据全体工作组的建议委员会商定小组委员会2001 年第三十八届会议的议程将包括拟在三年期工作计划项下审议的下述项目(a) 在联合国系统内以及联合国实体之间加强机构间合作并更多地利用空间应用和服务的手段和机制(b) 综合性空间全球自然灾害管理系统实施情况 6. 关于科学和技术小组委员会及其全体工作组在执行第三次外空会议建议方面的作用委员会商定应责成小组委员会讨论这一事项并每年就讨论结果和建议向委员会提出报告以供最后核准和或修改委员会还商定小组委员会可通过其全体工作组讨论这一事项 7. 关于其作用委员会商定在拟于2001 年至2004 年举行的各年届会上作为一个单独的议程项目审议与第三次外空会议建议的执行情况有关的事项在这些届会上委员会可设立一个全体工作组以审议该议程项目项下的某些问题委员会商定它将在2004 年的第四十七届会议上编写一份报告介绍在执行第三次外空会议建议方面取得的进展以供大会根据第54/68 号大会决议予以审查和评价 8. 委员会第四十三届会议还提出了包括实业界在内的民间团体的参与问题委员会注意到在国际宇宙4 A/55/153 航行联合会宇航联合会主持下在二十一世纪空间活动优先任务的主题项下所采取的举措和使非政府实体参与执行由第三次外空会议产生的若干建议的其他举措委员会商定科学和技术小组委员会应对这些举措进行审查并应向2001 年委员会的第四十四届会议报告其审查结论以及它对使非政府实体参与的各种方式所持的看法各种国际性的和多国性的非政府实体将主要通过外层空间事务厅与委员会交流由外空事务厅确保委员会及其科学和技术小组委员会及法律小组委员会能充分了解非政府实体举措的执行情况各种国家组织将继续分别通过其所在国与委员会交流 B. 外层空间事务厅行动计划 9. 大会在其第54/68号决议中请秘书长建议采取措施以便确保向外层空间事务厅提供足够的资源根据第三次外空会议的建议执行该决议第11 段所列的行动关于该请求外空事务厅编写了一份行动计划(A/AC.105/L.224) 该行动计划审查了外空事务厅在落实第三次外空会议的举措及可采取的拟议行动方面所发挥的作用某些拟议的行动已被第三次外空会议确定为由外空事务厅实施的行动外空事务厅还确定了它为促进或支持国际社会为执行第三次外空会议建议而能够采取的进一步的行动该行动计划已提交委员会第四十三届会议审议 10. 外空事务厅拟议的行动旨在实现对和平利用外层空间委员会及其附属机构的工作给予支持的下述目标 (a) 加强委员会及其小组委员会在拟订政策和推动就空间活动进行国际合作方面的作用 (b) 制定空间法领域的能力建设方案 (c) 加强联合国空间应用方案的活动 (d) 推动空间技术在联合国系统内的使用 (e) 鼓励与空间有关的行业和非政府组织等非政府实体在联合国促进和平利用外层空间的工作方面发挥更大的作用 (f) 增强公众和年青人对空间活动好处的认识 11. 由外空事务厅提出的加强委员会及其小组委员会作用的行动包括每隔两年对在空间活动方面进行国际合作的现有机制进行一次全球性调查并进行分析性研究以查明空间活动在哪些方面需要有新的并具有创新意义的合作机制外空事务厅提议作为能够予以实施的空间法能力建设方案的一部分组织一个有关空间活动法律方面的讲习班并扩大对影响有关空间活动的国家和国际性法规的研究 12. 为加强联合国空间应用方案的活动外空事务厅提议编制一系列培训单元以提高发展中国家在灾害管理卫星通信包括远程教育与卫星定位和导航系统等方面使用空间技术的能力这些培训单元将包括查明技术行政和政策要求以及将空间技术纳入实际操作活动的渐进程序为使培训班和长期研究金计划的参与者有更多的机会应用通过这些培训活动而获得的知识和技能外空事务厅提议向若干参与者提供技术和资金支助以使其能在本国尤其是在灾害管理远程教育远程医疗自然资源管理和环境监测等方面开展实际示范或试点项目外空事务厅还提议加强在天文学和行星科学方面的技术咨询服务包括支持发展中国家参与近地物体的研究和观测 13. 为支助委员会和外层空间活动机构间会议就在联合国系统的范围内增加使用对空间技术而采取的举措见下文第四节外空事务厅提议进行一次调查以查明空间应用有助于提高其活动的成本效益的组织为加强与民间团体的伙伴关系外空事务厅提议编制可由实业界和非政府组织实施的试点项目的建议它还可提供技术支助协助非政府实体采取举措执行第三次外空会议的建议外空事务厅还提议为实施普及方案和针对年青人的方案而举办年度公共论坛向公众介绍空间活动及其对整个社会的好处并为中小学提供参加载人太空飞行活动的机会外空事务厅还提议发展交互式多媒体教育服务以便使公众尤其是中小学学生能够查阅有关空间科学和技术各个主题的教育资料并有机会使用因特网参加对航天员又称宇航员的网上访问 5 A/55/153 14. 委员会在其第四十三届会议上核准了外层空间事务厅的行动计划并建议予以实施在做出这项决定之前委员会从一次口头说明获知与执行有关的估计费用4 由于已建议在2001 年执行行动计划中的拟议活动因此未将其纳入2000 2001 两年期的方案预算匀支潜力和所需的任何附加资源净额均将纳入拟于大会第五十五届会议期间提交给第四委员会的所涉方案预算说明 C. 建立同产业界的伙伴关系 15. 正如成员国所指出的与空间有关的产业的参与有助于第三次外空会议的成功成员国还指出使产业界参与委员会及其附属机构的工作十分重要 16. 根据大会第54/68 号决议为加强科学和技术小组委员会与产业界的伙伴关系外层空间事务厅在小组委员会第三十七届会议期间举办了一个交互式多媒体卫星服务对二十一世纪的影响主题的专题讨论会关于小组委员会未来的会议委员会核准了全体工作组关于有产业界参与的专题讨论会的结构和主题与发言者选择的建议关于2001 年小组委员会的第三十八届会议同产业界的专题讨论会的主题将是着重讨论全球导航卫星系统在提高运输油气管道农业和电信等国家和区域性基础设施生产力方面的新的应用 D. 促进青年人参与空间活动 17. 青年人的参与是促成第三次外空会议成功的另一重大因素年青人对会议工作的贡献体现在由年青专业人员和大学生组织在以其为对象的航天新一代论坛举行期间所进行的讨论他们的某些建议包括建立一种协商机制以促进全世界的青年人特别是发展中国家的青年人和青年妇女继续参与合作性空间活动已纳入第三次外空会议的建议维也纳宣言要求采取行动在和平利用外层空间委员会的框架内建立这类机制 18. 在科学和技术小组委员会的第三十七届会议上全体工作组注意到已成立了青年咨询理事会这一志愿机构以促进执行航天新一代论坛提出的各种举措全体工作组一致认为可赋予青年咨询理事会和平利用外层空间委员会观察员的地位 E. 世界空间周 19. 根据第三次外空会议的建议大会在其第54/68 号决议中宣布10 月4 日至10 日为世界空间周以便每年在国际一级庆祝空间科技对改善人类条件的贡献世界空间周日期的商定考虑到1957 年10 月4 日是第一颗人造地球卫星人造卫星1 号射入外层空间从而为外层空间开辟了道路之日及1967 后10 月10 日是关于各国探索和利用外层空间包括月球与其他天体活动所应遵守的原则生效之日5 20. 根据全体工作组的请求外层空间事务厅拟订了一项庆祝世界空间周的计划供和平利用外层空间委员会第四十三届会议审议该计划由以下主要部分组成(a) 提高认识(b) 组织联合国活动和(c) 协调和推动这些活动的进行 21. 为提高公众对世界空间周的认识已请成员国尽可能向本国更多的有关机关机构和研究所介绍世界空间周并组织庆祝活动还要求联合国系统内的各组织与空间有关的国际组织及科学中心和协会采取类似行动委员会满意地注意到某些成员国已计划开展对庆祝世界空间周作出贡献的活动此外外层空间事务厅指出它计划通过它自己的和秘书处新闻部的主页以及通过新闻媒体传播有关信息 22. 外空事务厅提议为在2000 年举行第一个世界空间周而在联合国总部和维也纳举行特别活动联合国总部的活动将由新闻部组织外空事务厅提议活动应包括对空间技术在灾害应变和远程医疗等方面的用途的示范或专题介绍学生新闻发布会及航天员又称宇航员的小组讨论 23. 外空事务厅在拟订协调并推动世界各地的活动的计划时得到空间周国际协会这个为协调在3月庆祝空间周的公众活动而于1981 年设立的独立非赢利组织的帮助空间周国际协会已组织各种公共活动以提6 A/55/153 高公众对空间活动的认识并鼓励学校儿童参加空间活动它决定为了与世界空间周的日期一致而更改其空间周的日期 24. 委员会在其第四十三届会议上商定了由外层空间事务厅提出的庆祝世界空间周的计划的执行情况 F. 联合国空间应用方案信托基金和执行第三次外空会议的新的并具有创新意义的供资来源 25. 维也纳宣言吁请设立特别自愿基金以执行第三次外空会议的建议在这方面大会在其第54/68号决议中请秘书长修改依照大会1982 年12 月10 日第37/90 号决议设立的联合国空间应用方案信托基金的工作范围以便列入第三次外空会议建议执行情况这项内容大会还请秘书长邀请所有国家向信托基金提供自愿捐助并在邀请函中根据和平利用外层空间委员会的建议列举优先的项目提案大会还请外层空间事务厅向委员会提出报告列出哪些国家已答复了他的邀请 26. 委员会第四十三届会议收到了由外空事务厅提出的优先项目清单委员会在审议了该清单之后建议将下述项目和活动列入上文第25 段提及的秘书长的邀请函 (a) 支助附属联合国的空间科技教育区域中心包括中欧东欧和东南欧空间科技教育和研究机构网络的业务活动 (b) 制定针对灾害的单元并在发展中国家执行将空间技术用于灾害管理的试点项目 (c) 向发展中国家用户机构提供卫星数据和硬件及软件以实施或加强使用地球观测数据保护环境并管理自然资源的试点项目 (d) 拟订并执行将卫星通信用于远程教育远程医疗和远程保健等项应用的培训单元 (e) 组织面向年青人和公众的扩大服务活动 27. 在根据委员会建议确定了优先项目后已请所有国家为联合国空间应用方案信托基金捐款 28. 大会在其第54/68 号决议中一致认为委员会及其秘书处应为执行第三次外空会议的建议查明新的并具 创新意义的供资来源以补充通过联合国空间应用方案信托基金提供的资源 29. 全体工作组审议了新的有创新意义的供资来源问题并提出了已反映在其报告中的若干建议A/AC.105/736 附件二这些建议涉及政府国际发展金融机构空间机构大学和与空间有关的专门机构向上文第26(a)段所述区域中心及中东欧和东南欧网络提供支助的办法全体工作组还提出了产业界可提供支助的一系列具体措施例如捐赠计算机设备基本软件许可证图像处理和地理信息系统软件及有各种实际用途的卫星定位信号接收器全体工作组指出发展在业务方案方面使用空间技术的机构能力也有助于联合国空间应用方案的活动为此全体工作组建议采取一系列方案支助措施其中包括查明用户需要并采取为实际使用这些技术所需的所有必要步骤为试点项目提供少量光学数据和雷达数据并向试点项目免费提供经通信卫星转播的时间不长的转播时间 三. 联合国空间应用方案所执行的战略及其活动 A. 第三次外空会议之后对联合国空间应用方案进行的调整 30. 大会在其第54/68号决议中确定了外层空间事务厅根据第三次外空会议的建议而应采取的行动包括加强联合国空间应用方案的活动外空事务厅提出的行动计划(A/AC.105/L.224)列出了于2001 年开展的新增方案活动见上文第12 段通过调整方案现行主要活动尤其是组织研讨会和培训班技术咨询服务和长期研究金等也可实现加强方案活动的目标空间应用专家在给和平利用外层空间委员会的报告A/AC.105/730 中概述了在第三次外空会议之后调7 A/55/153 整方案的总体战略及根据该战略拟于2000 年和2001 年进行的活动委员会第四十三届会议核准了这些活动 31. 方案的主要目标是通过国际合作进一步推动将空间技术和数据用于促进发展中国家的可持续经济和社会发展为实现该目标方案最初将侧重于对发展中国家十分重要的若干主题并将确定可在短期至中期实现的目标 32. 委员会指出方案的优先主题是(a) 灾害管理(b) 用于远程教育和远程医疗的卫星通信(c) 监测和保护环境包括预防传染病(d) 自然资源管理(e) 在基础空间科学方面的教育和研究委员会还指出在各优先主题的范围内将争取实现以下主要目标(a) 提高发展中国家决策者对空间应用可以给本国国家发展计划所带来的成本效益和额外惠益的认识(b) 建立或加强发展中国家应用空间技术的能力(c) 提高公众对空间应用可取得的社会和经济惠益的认识 B. 讲习班培训班和专题讨论会 33. 大会在其第54/68 号决议第11(d) 段中号召在联合国空间应用方案框架内为空间技术开发和应用活动的方案管理人员和领导者举办关于先进空间应用和新系统开发的讲习班和会议2000 年开展或计划开展的部分活动如下 (a) 第十期联合国/瑞典教育工作者遥感教育国际培训班于2000 年5 月2 日至6 月9 日在瑞典基律纳和斯德哥尔摩同瑞典政府合作举办 (b) 第九届联合国/欧洲航天局基础空间科学讲习班卫星和望远镜网络全球参与宇宙研究的工具于2000 年6 月27 日至30 日在法国图卢兹同法国政府及欧洲航天局合作举办 (c) 联合国/奥地利促进青年专业人员参与空间领域专题讨论会拟于2000 年9月11 日至14 日在奥地利格拉兹同奥地利政府和欧洲航天局合作举办 (d) 联合国/国际宇宙航行联合会利用空间促进可持续发展的业务战略讲习班拟于2000 年9 月28 日至30 日在巴西圣诺泽杜斯凯斯同欧空局和法国国家空间研究中心合作举办 (e) 联合国/国际航天学会航天学会拉丁美洲小卫星讲习班拟于2000 年10 月5 日在巴西里约热内卢召开国际宇宙航行联合会第五十一届大会期间同航天学会合作举办 (f) 联合国/欧洲航天局/空间研究委员会数据分析技术讲习班拟于2000 年10 月9 日至13 日在印度班加罗尔同印度政府欧洲航天局和空间研委会合作举办 (g) 联合国/欧洲航天局空间技术用于灾害管理讲习班拟于2000年11月13日至16 日在智利拉萨雷那同智利政府和欧洲航天局合作举办 (h) 联合国全球卫星导航系统应用讲习班拟于2000 年11 月13 日至17 日在吉隆坡同马来西亚政府合作举办 34. 计划在2001 年举行下述培训班讲习班和专题讨论会 (a) 第十一期联合国/瑞典教育工作者遥感教育国际培训班拟于瑞典斯德哥尔摩和基律纳举办 (b) 联合国/欧洲航天局遥感用于环境监测和自然资源管理讲习班拟于布拉格举办 (c) 联合国/国际宇宙航行联合会为造福发展中国家而利用空间技术讲习班拟于法国图卢兹举办 (d) 第十期联合国/欧洲航天局非洲发展中国家基础空间科学讲习班拟于毛里求斯举办 (e) 第二次联合国/奥地利促进青年参与空间活动专题讨论会拟于奥地利格拉兹举办 (f) 联合国/欧洲航天局/空间研究委员会数据分析技术讲习班拟于大马士革举办 8 A/55/153 C. 本国能力的发展 35. 根据大会第54/68 号决议联合国空间应用方案通过空间科学和技术教育区域中心及中东欧和东南欧空间科技教育和研究机构网络向发展中国家提供教育和培训支助根据大会1990年12月11日第45/72 号决议和1995年12月6日第50/27号决议已建立或正在建立区域中心和中东欧与东南欧网络如空间应用专家在其向委员会的报告中所提供增订资料(A/AC.105/730)所述在这些区域中心和网络的运作与建立方面已取得进一步进展 36. 亚洲和太平洋空间科学和技术教育中心自从于1995 年11月在印度成立以来已举办了以下的研究生一级的讲习班(a) 三门为期九个月的有关遥测和地理信息系统的课程(b) 两门为期九个月的有关卫星通信的课程(c) 一门为期九个月的有关卫星气象学和全球气候的课程(d) 一门为期六个月的有关空间科学的课程和(e) 一门为期一个月的有关数字图像处理的课程来自该区域33 个国家的总共226 人参加了这些研究生课程该中心于2000 年开设了有关以下方面的为期九个月的培训课程卫星气象学和全球气候空间和大气科学及遥测和地理信息系统中心还在2000 年举办了为期一个月的有关遥测和地理信息系统技术及在自然科学和环境管理方面应用的国际培训课程以及为期一周的有关应用卫星通信促进发展的培训课程中心理事会的成员国数目已达14 国根据大会在其第54/67 号决议第23 段的建议亚洲及太平洋区域有关成员国在外层空间事务厅的帮助下正在进行磋商以便使中心成为一个节点网络 37. 1998 年10 月在摩洛哥设立了非洲空间科学和技术法语区域中心1998 年11 月在尼日利亚设立了非洲空间科学和技术教育英语区域中心在摩洛哥的中心于2000 年4 月17 日至19 日举办了有关遥测和地理信息系统的第一次讲习班在尼日利亚的中心于2000 年4 月10 日至14 日举办了有关遥测应用的第一次区域讲习班 38. 1999 年10 月拉丁美洲和加勒比空间科学和技术教育区域中心举行了第一次理事会会议中心和巴西政府之间的总部协定正待签署该协定将可使中心开始其活动在西亚在对评估团的一份报告以及有关国家的提议和承诺进行审查后已确定约旦为西亚空间科学和技术教育区域中心的东道国关于中东欧和东南欧中东欧和东南欧国家空间教育及研究机构网指导委员会举行了一届特别会议讨论网络的谅解备忘录 D. 技术咨询服务 39. 联合国空间应用方案的另一个主要组成部分是提供技术咨询服务大会在其第54/68 号决议中已确定将提供该项服务作为应纳入方案的一项活动所涉领域包括 (a) 与日本政府和欧空局合作开展与基础空间科学系列讲习班有关的后续活动包括在哥伦比亚埃及洪都拉斯约旦摩洛哥巴拉圭秘鲁菲律宾斯里兰卡和乌拉圭设立天文望远镜设施并负责这些设施的运作 (b) 向亚洲太平洋卫星通信理事会亚太卫星通信理事会提供援助以支持其发展和运作尤其是在筹备题为21 世纪卫星通信新前景的亚太卫星通信理事会大会和展览方面 (c) 与使用地球观测数据的空间机构和国际组织合作并协助开展地球观测委员会的活动尤其通过发展中国家地球观测教育和培训特设工作组及灾害管理支助小组进行协助这将有助于提高对现有和计划中的地球观测卫星数据的使用以支助在全世界范围内对自然和技术灾害的管理 (d) 协助欧空局向阿克拉的水研究所提供计算机和软件以加强在加纳有关环境和水资源的各种应用中使用遥感和地理信息系统的本国能力 (e) 与欧空局及秘书处经济和社会事务部合作为开展下述项目提供援助关于使用地球观测数据监测拉丁美洲冰川和冰雪覆盖层的项目亚洲沿海资源9 A/55/153 的管理项目以及在非洲确定潮湿地区方位并规划治理办法的项目 (f) 通过与欧空局合作拟订使用卫星图像监测非法作物种植的方法向联合国国际药物管制规划署提供帮助 E. 长期研究金 40. 为推动发展本国能力提供了五项长期研究金以便对发展中国家的个别人员进行遥测方面的深入培训中国政府和欧空局已提议为在2000至2001年期间分别提供两项和三项研究金 41. 遵照大会第54/68 号决议正在重新确定其长期研究金方案的方向以提高其有效性并巩固联合国空间应用方案其他活动的成果由欧空局提供的三项研究金可使参加联合国/瑞典系列培训班的大学教育工作者提高其技术水平通过适当的项目在他们所处的大学环境里演示遥感的实际用途 四. 机构间合作的发展情况 42. 大会在其第54/68号决议的第3段中促请联合国系统内各机关组织和方案采取必要行动有效执行维也纳宣言大会还在该决议第5 段中请联合国系统所有有关组织审查其方案和活动是否符合第三次外空会议的建议并勘酌情况作出调整采取适当措施以确保这些建议获得充分和有效的执行同时考虑到发展中国家的需要尤其是通过外层空间活动机构间会议进一步加强协调这些国家有关外空的活动 A.外层空间活动机构间会议所采取的行动 43. 外层空间活动机构间会议的年度会议负责协调联合国系统内各组织与空间有关的活动有联合国机构和专门机构特别是联合国环境规划署亚洲及太平洋经济社会委员会非洲经济委员会联合国粮食及农业组织联合国教育科学及文化组织国际电信联盟和世界气象组织都有庞大的空间方案这些方案的详细情况载于由机构间会议审查的秘书长有关联合国系统内外层空间活动协调情况的年度报告最近一份报告(A/AC.105/726)载有对2000 年2001 年和未来年份工作计划的概要介绍 44. 在2000年2月于维也纳举行的第二十届会议上外层空间活动机构间会议注意到第三次外空会议强调了加强在有关空间活动方面的机构间协调与合作的重要性机构间会议就有助于加强机构间协调和合作的若干问题达成了一致意见 45. 关于秘书长有关联合国系统内外层空间活动协调情况的年度报告机构间会议商定了更能有助于反映会员国在第三次外空会议期间所确定的空间应用重要领域的报告经修订的结构根据该经修订的结构报告将介绍有关经验和教训并将列入有关空间活动协调情况的建议为此机构间会议商定在其第2001年的届会上审议题为进一步加强空间活动机构间协调的方法的一个新议程项目 46. 机构间会议指出虽然第三次外空会议强调了空间技术对可持续发展包括保护地球环境及管理地球资源的重要性但于1992 年在巴西里约热内卢举行的联合国环境与发展会议环发会议所通过的21 世纪议程6 对空间应用的重要性还强调得不够因此机构间会议商定它应在以下方面作出贡献今后对21 世纪议程有关规定所进行的任何审查包括可持续发展委员会拟于2001 年对21 世纪议程第40 章所进行的审查及视可能拟在环发会议10年之后的2002年所举行的活动机构间会议还商定应进一步提请联合国系统各组织的负责人重视其工作机构间会议商定外层空间事务厅应探讨请行政协调委员会行政协调会重新审议联合国系统内有关空间活动协调情况的可能性因此外空事务厅与行政协调会的组织委员会与方案和业务问题协调委员会秘书处正在就将外层空间活动机构间会议的工作纳入行政协调会机制范围的可能性进行讨论 B. 和平利用外层空间委员会及其科学和技术小组委员会所采取的加强机构间合作的举措 47. 在于2000 年举行的届会上和平利用外层空间委员会及其科学和技术小组委员会采取各种举措推10 A/55/153 动在联合国系统内使用空间技术并加强有关空间活动的机构间合作与协调这些举措将由外层空间活动机构间会议所进行的工作予以补充 48. 委员会商定小组委员会应从其2001 年的届会起开始审议题为在联合国系统内以及联合国实体之间加强机构间合作并更多地利用空间应用和服务的手段和机制的项目将根据下述工作计划对该项目进行审议在2001 年小组委员会将分析联合国系统内目前利用空间应用和服务的情况并审查空间应用和服务在加强联合国各实体的活动的有效性效率和协调方面的作用在2002 年小组委员会将查明妨碍在联合国系统内增加使用空间应用和服务的障碍并审查消除这些障碍的具体方法和机制在2003 年小组委员会将提出具体的建议并酌情制定在使用空间技术方面加强机构间合作及在联合国系统内增加使用空间应用和服务的行动计划 49. 为便于审议这一问题小组委员会已请外层空间事务厅编写一份拟分发给联合国各实体的问题一览表目的是加强联合国系统各机构和机关的空间活动的有效性效率和协调委员会核准了由外空事务厅编写的问题一览表(A/AC.105/L.223) 并赞同下述建议大会在其第五十五届会议上应请联合国所有各有关实体向外空事务厅提供对该问题一览表作出答复的适当资料 C. 外层空间事务厅与其他联合国实体之间的合作 50. 外层空间事务厅努力通过支持外层空间活动机构间会议的工作与和平利用外层空间委员会及其科学和小组委员会的工作以加强机构间合作与协调此外它还采取了进一步的步骤以加强其与其他联合国实体在有关空间活动方面的伙伴关系 51. 在灾害管理领域外空事务厅和国际减灾战略秘书处确定了共同关心的领域外空事务厅已请国际减灾战略秘书处参与其活动包括拟于2000 年11月在智利举行的联合国/欧空局空间技术用于灾害管理讲习班见上文第33(g)段和编写一份报告供科学和技术小组委员会2001 年届会在有关灾害管理系统的议程项目项下进行审议见上文第5 段国际减灾战略秘书处已请外空事务厅共同举办2001 年非洲灾害管理讲习班根据国际减灾战略秘书处的建议外空事务厅还将考虑如何才能为机构间减灾工作队的工作作出贡献的问题 52. 在就自然灾害提供人道主义援助方面外层空间事务厅还协助纂写了秘书长有关加强联合国紧急人道主义援助协调工作的报告应人道主义事务协调厅的请求外层空间事务厅参加了2000 年7 月19 日至21 日在经济及社会理事会人道主义部分的会议期间举行的自然灾害问题小组 五. 加强国际空间情报服务处 53. 大会在其第54/68 号决议的第12 段呼吁秘书长尽量广泛传播第三次外空会议的成果为此外层空间事务厅通过根据大会第37/90号决议设立的其国际空间情报服务处出版并印发了第三次外空会议7 技术论坛的会议记录最近通过国际空间情报服务处印发的其他出版物包括将宇航联合会空间研委会和国际空间法研究所编写的报告汇集成册的1999 年空间大事记8 及作为在1999年联合国空间应用方案所组织活动的期间提出的若干文件汇编的联合国空间应用方案研讨会9 54. 外空事务厅的一项主要活动是继续传播有关空间科学和技术发展情况及联合国在和平利用外层空间方面的工作的资料这一活动是对外空事务厅通过公众方案和青年方案而采取的举措的支持见上文第13 段这些举措的目的是提高公众尤其是青年人对空间科学和技术促进经济社会和文化发展的好处的认识 55. 已通过发展因特网主页而扩充了国际空间情报服务处外空事务厅主页目前载有大会通过的所有与空间有关的法律文书的资料有关委员会及其附属机构的资料和第三次外空会议结果的资料主页还包括对空间应用方案的概要介绍和缔约国根据关于登11 A/55/153 记射入外层空间物体的公约大会第3235(XXIX)号决议而提供的资料¾¾ 其中利用了外空事务厅建立和维护的数据库最新资料外空事务厅还在开发载有可公开查阅的有关空间活动的国家立法和法律及有关第三次外空会议的资料的数据库 六. 结论 56. 在大会第五十四届会议期间会员国对第三次外空会议的结果表示满意第三次外空会议是在联合国现有资源的范围内组织的并由民间团体包括私营公司管理人员和青年人的贡献而得以维持的所有与会者都认为这次会议十分成功第三次外空会议通过其关于空间和人的发展的维也纳宣言确定了国际社会为开展造福于人类的空间活动而应追求的共同目标并阐明了为实现这些目标而需采取的行动 57. 现在已经到了将第三次外空会议的成功有关所带来的种种希望和期待转化为现实的时候了通过使用空间科学和技术大大地改善各国人民尤其是生活在贫困中的人民的社会经济和文化条件而扩大国际合作的势头已经出现了 58. 和平利用外层空间委员会及其附属机构外层空间活动机构间会议和外层空间事务厅已开始采取具体步骤以实现第三次外空会议所确定的目标这些机构的举措如果能够得到所有各国政府联合国系统内所有各组织及尽可能多的非政府组织和产业界的支持将有助于成功地执行维也纳宣言等到2004 年大会审查和评价第三次外空会议结果的执行情况时空间科学和技术的使用的加强肯定会使人类的状况有显著改变空间工具的效用也肯定会得到许多致力于一系列为世人关注的社会和经济问题的国际论坛定会应有的承认 注 1 联合国出版物出售品编号E.00.I.3 2 同上决议1 第一章 3 在1999 年第四十二届会议上委员会商定了构成其科学和技术小组委员会议程的新做法除各届会议有待审议的若干议程项目外小组委员会议程的现行结构包括拟根据多年期工作计划审议的项目和拟由一届会议审议的供讨论的单一议题/项目会议延期除外 4 口头说明的案文载于委员会报告附件见大会正式记录第五十五届会议补编第20 号(A/55/20) 附件 5 大会第2222(XXI)号决议附件 6 联合国环境与发展会议报告1992 年6 月3 日至14 日里约热内卢联合国出版物出售品编号E.93.I.8 和更正第一卷会议通过的决议决议1 附件二 7 技术论坛会议录联合国出版物出售品编号E.00.I.7 8 联合国出版物出售品编号E.00.I.8 9 联合国出版物出售品编号E.00.I.6