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UNCITRAL∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G
Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects Prepared by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law UNITED NATIONSIó```ëàªdG º```eC’G
Printed in AustriaPrinted in Austria
V.03-90621—May 2004—3,870V.03-90619 July 2004 1,650
United Nations publicationUnited Nations publication
Sales No.Sales No.
E.A.
04.04.
V.V.
1111
ISBN 92-1-133583-3UNCITRALUNCITRALUNCITRALUNCITRALUNCITRALISBN 92-1-6 33011-2
Model Legislative ProvisionsΩɵMCG
on Privately Financed¿CÉ```°ûH á````«LPƒ``ªædG á```«©jô```°ûàdG
Infrastructure Projectsádƒ`ªªdG á`«àëàdG á`«æÑdG ™jQÉ`°ûe
Prepared by the United Nations¢UÉ`````îdG ´É`````£≤dG ø``e
Commission on International Trade LawIóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd É¡JóYCG
UNITED NATIONS»dhódG IQÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G
New York, 2004iiIó```ëàªdG º```eC C’G
NOTE2004 ,∑Qƒjƒ«f
Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital lettersΩɵMCG ¿CÉ```°ûH á````«LPƒ``ªædG á```«©jô```°ûàdG
combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a reference to aádƒ`ªªdG á`«àëàdG á`«æÑdG ™jQÉ`°ûe ¢UÉ`````îdG ´É`````£≤dG ø``e
United Nations document.IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd É¡JóYCG
Material in this publication may be freely quoted or reprinted, but»dhódG IQÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏dIó````ëàŸG º``eC’G äGQƒ````°ûæe
acknowledgement is requested, together with a copy of the publication containing the quotation or reprint.áXƒ``ë∏e É¡æe õeQ OGôjG ∫ójh .É©e ΩÉbQCGh ±hôM øe IóëàªdG ºeC’G ≥FÉKh RƒeQ ∞dCÉàJ
UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION.IóëàªdG ºeC’G ≥FÉKh ióMG ≈dEG á«©Lôe ádÉMG ≈∏Y
Sales No. E.04.V.11øµdh ,ájôëH É¡àYÉÑW IOÉYG hCG Qƒ°ûæªdG Gòg »a IOQGƒdG IOɪdG ¢SÉÑàbG Rƒéjh
ISBN 92-1-133583-3iiiIOɪdG hCG ¢SÉÑàb’G ≈∏Y ...ƒàëj ...òdG Qƒ°ûæªdG øe áî°ùf ∫É°SQG ™e ,∂dòH ¬jƒæàdG ≈Lôj
Preface.É¡àYÉÑW OÉ©ªdG
The present Model Legislative Provisions were prepared by the United NationsSales No. A.04.V.11
Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) as an addition to the UNCITRALISBN 92-1-633011-2ô````jó``°üJ √òg äóYCGá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd
Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.¿CÉ°ûH »©jô°ûàdG ∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G π«dO ≈dEG áaÉ°VÉc (∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G) »dhódGá«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe
a¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG.
In addition to representatives of member States of the Commission, representatives of many other States and of a(CG)
number of international organizations, both intergovernmental and non-governmental,≈∏Y IhÓY ,ájô«°†ëàdG ∫ɪYC’G »a ᣰûf ácQÉ°ûe ∑QÉ°Th
participated actively in the preparatory work.äɪ¶æªdG øe OóYh iôNC’G ∫hódG øe ójó©dG ƒ∏ãªe ,áæé∏dG »a AÉ°†YC’G ∫hódG »∏ãªe
The Commission considered the additional work to be undertaken in the field of.á«eƒµëdG ô«Zh á«eƒµëdG ,á«dhódG ¿Gó«e »a É¡H ´Ó£°V’G øµªj »àdG á«aÉ°V’G ∫ɪYC’G »a áæé∏dG äô¶f óbh
privately financed infrastructure projects after the adoption of the Legislative Guide in 2001OɪàYG ó©H ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGΩÉY »a
and entrusted a working group with the task of preparing model legislative provisions on2001≈dEG GOÉæà°SG á«LPƒªf á«©jô°ûJ ΩɵMCG OGóYG ᪡ª˘H π˘eɢY ≥˘jô˘a ≈˘dEG äó˘¡˘Yh ,
the basis of the recommendations contained in the Legislative Guide.»a IOQGƒdG äÉ«°UƒàdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG.
b(Ü)
The workingÉæ««a »a ÉJó≤Y ,ø«JQhO πeÉ©dG ≥jôØdG ¢Sqôch
group devoted two sessions, held in Vienna from 24 to 28 September 2001 and from 9 to 13 September 2002 to the preparation of the draft model legislative provisions. The Commission finalized and adoptedOGóY’ ,2002 ôѪàÑ°S/∫ƒ∏jCG 13 ≈dEG 9 øeh 2001 ôѪàÑ°S/∫ƒ∏jCG 28 ≈dEG 24 øe
cáæé∏dG â©°Vhh .á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ´hô°ûeá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G»a
the Model Legislative Provisions at its thirty-sixth session,É¡JóªàYGh á«FÉ¡ædG ɡਫ°U
held in Vienna from 30 June to 11 July 2003, and requested the Secretariat to disseminate(ê)
them among Governments, relevant international intergovernmental and non-governmental30 øe Éæ««a »a äó≤Y »àdG ,ø«KÓãdGh á°SOÉ°ùdG É¡JQhO »a
organizations, private sector entities and academic institutions.äÉeƒµëdG ≈∏Y É¡ªqª©J ¿CG áfÉeC’G øe âÑ∏Wh ,2003 ¬«dƒj/RƒªJ 11 ≈dEG ¬«fƒj/¿GôjõM
The Commission further requested the Secretariat to consolidate in due course the text¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG äÉfÉ«ch á∏°üdG äGP á«eƒµëdG ô«Zh á«eƒµëdG ᢫˘dhó˘dG äɢª˘¶˘æ˘ª˘dGh
of the Model Legislative Provisions and the Legislative Guide into one single publication.᫪jOÉcC’G äÉ°ù°SDƒªdGh ,Ö°SÉæªdG âbƒdG »a ,óMƒJ ¿CG áfÉeC’G øe áæé∏dG âÑ∏W ,∂dP ≈∏Y IhÓYh
and, in doing so, to retain the legislative recommendations contained in the Legislative¢üf»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGh á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’GΩÉ«≤dG óæY ,»≤ÑJ ¿CGh óMGh Qƒ°ûæe »a
Guide as a basis of the development of the Model Legislative Provisions.»a IOQGƒdG á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG ≈∏Y ,∂dòH»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ƃ°üd ¢SÉ°SCÉcΩɵMC’G
dá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG.
a(O)
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.V.4.(CG) ™«ÑªdG ºbQ ,IóëàªdG ºeC’G äGQƒ°ûæeE.01.V.4.
b(Ü)
Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 17 (A/56/17),17 ºbQ ≥ë∏ªdG ,¿ƒ°ùªîdGh á°SOÉ°ùdG IQhódG ,áeÉ©dG á«©ªé∏d ᫪°SôdG ≥FÉKƒdG(A/56/17)ô¶fG) 369 Iô≤ØdG ,
para. 369 (see Yearbook of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law 2001, part one)..(∫hC’G AõédG ,2001 ΩÉ©d »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒ`````fÉ≤∏d Ió````ëàªdG ºeC’G á```æéd á«dƒM
c(ê)
Ibid., Fifty-eighth Session, Supplement No. 17 (A/58/17), paras. 12-171.,¬````°ùØf ™LôªdG17 ºbQ ≥ë∏ªdG ,¿ƒ°ùªîdGh áæ````eÉãdG IQhódG(A/58/17).171-12 äGô````≤ØdG ,
d(O)
Ibid., para. 171.ivv.171 Iô≤ØdG ,¬°ùØf ™LôªdG
ContentsiiiäÉjƒ`````àÙG
PageáëØ°üdG
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiiôjó°üJiii
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ixáeÉ©dG á«©ªédG ¬JòîJG QGôbix
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiáÄWƒJxi
Part one∫hC’G Aõ````÷G
LEGISLATIVE RECOMMENDATIONSá«©jô````°ûàdG äÉ```«°UƒàdG
I. GENERAL LEGISLATIVE AND INSTITUTIONAL-’hCCGΩÉ©dG »°ù°SD DƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’G1
FRAMEWORK .(1 á«°UƒàdG) »°ù°SDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdGh .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
1Qƒà°SódG QÉW’G1 (5-2 äÉ«°UƒàdG) äGRÉ«àe’G íæªH ádƒîªdG á£∏°ùdG ¥É£f1
Constitutional, legislative and institutional framework(6 á«°UƒàdG) ...QGO’G ≥«°ùæàdG2
(recommendation 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1á«àëàdG á«æÑdG äÉeóîd ᫪«¶æJ §HGƒ°V ™°VƒH ádƒîªdG á£∏°ùdG (11-7 äÉ«°UƒàdG)3
Scope of authority to award concessions (recommendations 2-5) . 1-É«fÉK»eƒµëdG ºYódGh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe3 (12 á«°UƒàdG) ôWÉîªdG ™jRƒJh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe3
Administrative coordination (recommendation 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2(13 á«°UƒàdG) »eƒµëdG ºYódG3 »fÉãdG AõédG á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G
Authority to regulate infrastructure services-’hC
(recommendations 7-11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2CGáeÉY ΩɵMC
II. PROJECT RISKS AND GOVERNMENT SUPPORT . . . . . . . . . 3CG5
Project risks and risk allocation (recommendation 12) . . . . . . . . 3 Government support (recommendation 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3áLÉÑjódG -1 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G5 ∞jQÉ©àdG -2 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G5 RÉ«àe’G Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG á£∏°S -3 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G6 áë°TôªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG äÉYÉ£b -4 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G7
Part two-É«fÉKRÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG7
MODEL LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONSQÉ«àN’G äGAGôL’ ᪶æªdG óYGƒ≤dG -5 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G7
I. GENERAL PROVISIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªd »dhC’G QÉ«N’G -17 ¬JGAGôLGh »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G øe ¢Vô¨dG -6 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G7 »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ô«jÉ©e -7 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G9
Model provision 1. Preamble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5v .................................................. ....
Model provision 2. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5......................................... .................................................. .....
Model provision 3..
Authority to enter into concession contracts 6............................
Model provision 4. Eligible infrastructure sectors . . . . . . . . . . . . 7................ ............. ................................. .......................................
II. SELECTION OF THE CONCESSIONAIRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7............................. ................... ...............................
Model provision 5. Rules governing the selection proceedings . 7.............................................
1. Pre-selection of bidders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7................................ ................................
Model provision 6. Purpose and procedure of pre-selection . . . . 7..................... ................. .....................................
Model provision 7. Pre-selection criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9vi.............
Page........................
Model provision 8. Participation of consortia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9............
Model provision 9. Decision on pre-selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.......................(äÉeƒ«JQƒ°ùfƒµdG) äÉcô°ûdG äGOÉëJG ∑Gôà°TG -8 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G9 ‹hC’G QÉ«àN’ÉH ¢UÉîdG QGô≤dG -9 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G10
2. Procedures for requesting proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Model provision 10. Single-stage and two-stage procedures foräÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W äGAGôLG -211
requesting proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11äGAGôLGh IóMGƒdG á∏MôªdG äGAGôLG -10 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏£d Úà∏MôŸG11
Model provision 11. Content of the request for proposals . . . . . 12 Model provision 12. Bid securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Model provision 13. Clarifications and modifications . . . . . . . . . 13äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W ¿ƒª°†e -11 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G12 ¢Vhô©dG äÉfɪ°V -12 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G12
Model provision 14. Evaluation criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13äÓjó©àdGh äÉMÉ°†j’G -13 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G13 º««≤àdG ô«jÉ©e -14 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G13
Model provision 15. Comparison and evaluation of proposals . . 14É¡æ«H áfQÉ≤ªdGh äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J -15 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G14 π«gCÉàdG ÒjÉ©e AÉØ«à°SG ≈∏Y »aÉ°V’G äÉÑK’G -16 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G14
Model provision 16. Further demonstration of fulfilment of qualification criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14á«FÉ¡ædG äÉ°VhÉتdG -17 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G15 -3á«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLG ¿hO RÉ«àeG Oƒ≤Y ≈∏Y ¢VhÉØàdG15
Model provision 17. Final negotiations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15RÉ«àeG íæe õ«éJ »àdG ±hô¶dG -18 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G
3. Negotiation of concession contracts without competitiveá«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLG ¿hóH15
procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Model provision 18. Circumstances authorizing award withoutRÉ«àeG ó≤Y ¿CÉ°ûH ¢VhÉØàdG äGAGôLG -19 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G16 -4 á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G17
competitive procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Model provision 19. Procedures for negotiation of a concessioná°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G á«dƒÑ≤e -20 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G17 á«dƒÑ≤e »a âÑdG äGAGôLG -21 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGÎb’G17
contract ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
16ƒ£æJ ’ »àdG á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGÎb’G -22 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G ≥M≈∏YhCG ájQÉéàdG QGô°SC’G hCG ájôµØdG ᫵∏ªdG ¥ƒ≤M øe
4. Unsolicited proposals .ájô°üëdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG øe ∂dP ô«Z18 .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
17ƒ£æJ »àdG á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGÎb’G -23 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G
Model provision 20. Admissibility of unsolicited proposals . . . . 17≥M ≈∏Y hCG ájQÉéàdG QGô°SC’G hCG ájôµØdG ᫵∏ªdG ¥ƒ≤M øe
Model provision 21. Procedures for determining the admissibilityájô°ü◊G ¥ƒ≤ëdG øe ∂dP ÒZ19
of unsolicited proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-5áYƒæàe ΩɵMCG19
Model provision 22. Unsolicited proposals that do not involveájô°ùdG -24 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G19 ó≤©dG OÉæ°SÉH QÉ©°T’G -25 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G20
intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights . . . . 18vi
Model provision 23. Unsolicited proposals involving intellectualáëØ°üdG
property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.....
5. Miscellaneous provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19...............
Model provision 24. Confidentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19..........................
Model provision 25. Notice of contract award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20...............................
Model provision 26..
Record of selection and award proceedings 20............... ...................... .................. ...........................
Model provision 27. Review procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.............
III..
CONTENTS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE....
CONCESSION CONTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21...................... ............ ...................................
Model provision 28. Contents and implementation of the........... ........................... ............ ................................. .............................. .............................. ................................... .............................. .....................OÉæ°S’Gh QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG πé°S -26 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G20 ô¶ædG IOÉYG äGAGôLG -27 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G20
concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21-ÉãdÉK√ò«ØæJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y äÉjƒàëe21
Model provision 29. Governing law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22√ò«ØæJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y äÉjƒàëe -28 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G21 ºXÉædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG -29 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G22
Model provision 30. Organization of the concessionaire . . . . . . . 23RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U º«¶æJ -30 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G23
Model provision 31. Ownership of assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23äGOƒLƒªdG ᫵∏e -31 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG23 ´hô°ûªdG ™bƒªH á∏°üàªdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG RÉ«àMG -32 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG23
Model provision 32. Acquisition of rights related to the¿É°ùf’G ¥ƒ≤M -33 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG24
project site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23viiá«dɪdG äÉÑ«JôàdG -34 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG25 á«fɪ°†dG ídÉ°üªdG -35 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG25
PageRÉ«àe’G ó≤Y øY ∫RÉæàdG -36 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG26 RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°ûdG »a áÑdÉZ á°üM π≤f -37 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG26
Model provision 33. Easements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24á«àëàdG á«æÑdG 𫨰ûJ -38 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG26
Model provision 34. Financial arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25áæ«©e á«©jô°ûJ äGô««¨J øY ¢†jƒ©àdG -39 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG27
Model provision 35. Security interests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y í«≤æJ -40 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG27 á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG »dƒJ -41 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG28
Model provision 36. Assignment of the concession contract . . . 26RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U øY á°VÉ©à°S’G -42 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG28
Model provision 37. Transfer of controlling interest in the-É©HGQ√DDhÉ¡fGh √ójóªJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Ióe28
concessionaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-1 √ójóªJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Ióe28 √ójóªJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Ióe -43 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG28
Model provision 38. Operation of infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-2RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG29 IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG -44 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG29
Model provision 39. Compensation for specific changes inRÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ÖfÉL øe RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG -45 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G29
legislation .ø«aô£dG øe .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
27CG ÖfÉL øe RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG -46 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG30
Model provision 40. Revision of the concession contract . . . . . . 27-3¬FÉ°†≤fG hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG óæY äÉÑ«JôàdG30
Model provision 41. Takeover of an infrastructure project byRÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG óæY ¢†jƒ©àdG -47 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG30
the contracting authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28π≤ædG ô«HGóJh á«eÉàîdG á«Ø°üàdG ô«HGóJ -48 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG30
Model provision 42. Substitution of the concessionaire . . . . . . . 28vii
IV. DURATION, EXTENSION AND TERMINATION OF THEáëØ°üdG
CONCESSION CONTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28...................... ............. ...............................
1. Duration and extension of the concession contract . . . . . . 28...............
Model provision 43..
Duration and extension of the concession..........................
contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28.....................
2. Termination of the concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29......................
Model provision 44..
Termination of the concession contract by...... ......................... ........................ ........................
the contracting authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29...................
Model provision 45..
Termination of the concession contract by......
the concessionaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29......................
Model provision 46..
Termination of the concession contract by..........
either party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30....................... ...... ............................ .............................
3..
Arrangements upon termination or expiry of the.......................... .................. ...................................
concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30....
Model provision 47..
Compensation upon termination of the....
concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30.....
Model provision 48. Wind-up and transfer measures . . . . . . . . . 30.................
V. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.............. ...........-É°ùeÉNäÉYRÉæªdG ájƒ°ùJ31 IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«H äÉYRÉæªdG -49 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
Model provision 49. Disputes between the contracting authorityRÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°Uh31 øFÉHR πª°ûJ »àdG äÉYRÉæªdG -50 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
and the concessionaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31¬«∏ª©à°ùe hCG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe31 iôNC’G äÉYRÉæªdG -51 »LPƒªædG ºµ◊G31
Model provision 50. Disputes involving customers or users ofáëØ°üdG
the infrastructure facility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31viii ....................................... .......................................
Model provision 51. Other disputes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31viiiix..............................
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly......................áeÉ``©dG á``«©ªédG ¬`Jò`îJG QGô``b
[on the report of the Sixth Committee (A/58/513)]á°SOÉ°ùdG áæé∏dG ôjô≤J ≈∏Y AÉæH[(A/58/513)]
58/76. Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed- 76/58¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC C’G áæé∏d á«LPƒªæ˘dG ᢫˘©˘jô˘°ûà˘dG Ωɢµ˘MC
Infrastructure Projects of the United NationsC’G
Commission on International Trade Law´É£≤dGøe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CCÉ°ûH »dhó˘dG ...Qɢé˘à˘dG
The General Assembly,¢UÉîdG
Bearing in mind the role of public-private partnerships to improve the provision and,áeÉ©dG á«©ªédG ¿EG
sound management of infrastructure and public services in the interest of sustainable economic and social development,™°†J PEG≈æÑdG ô«aƒJ ø«°ùëJ »a ¢UÉîdGh ΩÉ©dG ø«YÉ£≤dG ø«H äÉcGô°ûdG QhO ÉgQÉÑàYG »a
Recognizing the need to provide an enabling environment that both encourages privateá«YɪàL’Gh ájOÉ°üàb’G ᫪æàdG πLCG øe º«∏°S ƒëf ≈∏Y É¡JQGOEGh á«eƒª˘©˘dG äɢeó˘î˘dGh ᢫˘à˘ë˘à˘dG
investment in infrastructure and takes into account the public interest concerns of the,áeGóà°ùªdG
country,±ôà©J PEGhá«àëàdG ≈æÑdG »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG Qɪãà°SG ™é°ûJ á«JGDƒe áÄ«H ô«aƒJ ≈dEG áLÉëdÉH
Emphasizing the importance of efficient and transparent procedures for the award of,AGƒ°S óM ≈∏Y ó∏Ñ∏d áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdG πZGƒ°T »YGôJh
privately financed infrastructure projects,Oó°ûJ PEGhá«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe OÉæ°SE’ á«aÉØ°ûdGh IAÉصdÉH º°ùàJ äGAGôLEG ô«aƒJ ᫪gCG ≈∏Y
Stressing the desirability of facilitating project implementation by rules that enhance,¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG
transparency, fairness and long-term sustainability and remove undesirable restrictions onócDƒ˘J PEGh±É°üfE’Gh á«aÉØ°ûdG Rõ©J óYGƒb ᣰSGƒH ™jQÉ°ûªdG ò«˘Ø˘æ˘J ô˘«˘°ù«˘J ÜGƒ˘°üà˘°SG
private sector participation in infrastructure development and operation,á«àëàdG ≈æÑdG ôjƒ£J »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG ácQÉ°ûe ≈∏Y É¡«a ܃ZôªdG ô«Z Oƒ«≤dG πjõJh á∏jƒ£dG áeGóà°S’Gh
Recalling the valuable guidance that the United Nations Commission on International,É¡∏«¨°ûJh
Trade Law has provided to Member States towards the establishment of a favourableô«°ûJ PEGh∫hó∏d »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd ¬Jôah ...òdG ºp«≤dG ¬«LƒàdG ≈dEG
legislative framework for private participation in infrastructure development through the∫ÓN øe á«àëàdG ≈æÑdG ôjƒ£J »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG ácQÉ°ûªd äGDƒe »©jô°ûJ QÉWEG ™°Vh πLCG øe AÉ°†YC’G
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects,»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ¿CÉ°ûH »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæé∏døe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe
1¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG.
Believing that the Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure(1)
Projects of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law will be of furtheró≤à©J PEGh»dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæé∏d á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ¿CG
assistance to States, in particular developing countries, in promoting good governance and¿Gó∏ÑdG ɪ«°S ’h ,∫hó∏d ôÑcCG IóYÉ°ùe í«àà°S ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH
establishing an appropriate legislative framework for such projects,,™jQÉ°ûªdG √ò¡d ºFÓe »©jô°ûJ QÉWEG ™°Vhh Ió«édG IQGOE’G õjõ©J »a ,á«eÉædG
1. Expresses its appreciation to the United Nations Commission on International- 1Égôjó≤J øY Üô©Jøe É¡FÉ¡àf’ »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæé∏d
Trade Law for the completion and adoption of the Model Legislative Provisions on PrivatelyOôj »àdG ,¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ™°Vh
Financed Infrastructure Projects, the text of which is contained in annex I to the report ofá°SOÉ°ùdG É¡JQhO ∫ɪYCG øY »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd ôjô≤àd ∫hC’G ≥aôªdG »a É¡°üf
the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on its thirty-sixth session;ø«KÓãdGh
2(2)
2. Requests the Secretary-General to publish the Model Legislative Provisions and to;ÉgOɪàYGh
make all efforts to ensure that the Model Legislative Provisions along with the UNCITRAL- 2Ö∏£JiQÉ°üb ∫òÑj ¿CGh á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ô°ûæj ¿CG ΩÉ©dG ø«eC’G ≈dEG
Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsh »g ,á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G íÑ°üJ ¿CG ¿Éª°†d √ó¡L»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGIóëàªdG ºeC’G áæé∏d
1¿CÉ°ûH »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG ø`e ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe
become generally known(1) ø«MÉàeh ø«ahô©e ,
and available;;ΩÉY ¥É£f ≈∏Y
1(1)
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.V.4.™«ÑªdG ºbQ ,IóëàªdG ºeC’G äGQƒ°ûæeA.01.V.4.
2(2)
Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-eighth Session, Supplement No. 17 (A/58/17).3. Also requests the Secretary-General, subject to availability of resources, to consolidate in due course the text of the Model Legislative Provisions and the Legislative Guide≥FÉKƒdG17 ºbQ ≥ë∏ªdG ,¿ƒ°ùªîdGh áæeÉãdG IQhódG ,áeÉ©dG á«©ªé∏d ᫪°SôdG.(A/58/17)
into one single publication and, in doing so, to retain the legislative recommendationsix- 3É°†jCG Ö∏£JÖ°SÉæªdG âbƒdG »a èeój ¿CG ,OQGƒªdG ôaGƒàH ÉægQ ,ΩÉ©dG ø«eC’G ≈dEG
contained in the Legislative Guide as a basis of the development of the Model Legislativeh á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ¢üf»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGΩÉ«≤dG iód ,»≤Ñà°ùj ¿CGh ,óMGh Qƒ````°ûæe »a
Provisions;»a IOQGƒdG á«©jô````°ûàdG äÉ«°Uƒ˘à˘dG ,∂dò˘H»©jô°ûàdG π«````dódGΩɵMC’G OGóYE’ É°SÉ°SCG É¡Ø˘°Uƒ˘H
4. Recommends that all States give due consideration to the Model Legislative Provisions and the Legislative Guide when revising or adopting legislation related to private;á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG
participation in the development and operation of public infrastructure.- 4°UƒJá`«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMCÓd ÖLGƒdG QÉÑà˘Y’G AÓ˘jEɢH ∫hó˘dG ™˘«˘ª˘L »
72nd plenary meetingh»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«àëàdG ≈æÑdG ôjƒ£J »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG ácQÉ°ûªH ≥∏©àJ äÉ©jô°ûJ OɪàYG hCG í«≤æJ iód
9 December 2003xi.É¡∏«¨°ûJh áeÉ©dG
Foreword72 áeÉ©dG á°ù∏édG
The following pages contain a set of general recommended legislative principles2003 ôѪ°ùjO/∫hC’G ¿ƒfÉc 9á`````ÄWƒ```J
entitled “legislative recommendations” and model legislative provisions (the “model provisions”) on privately financed infrastructure projects. The legislative recommendations and¿GƒæY âëJ É¡H ≈°UƒªdG áeÉ©dG á«©jô°ûàdG ÇOÉѪdG øe áYƒªée á«dÉàdG äÉëØ°üdG øª°†àJ
the model provisions are intended to assist domestic legislative bodies in the establishment"á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG" ...CG) á«LPƒªf á«©jô°ûJ ÉeɵMCGh"á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G"á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH (
of a legislative framework favourable to privately financed infrastructure projects.ƒg √òg á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’Gh á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG øe ó°ü≤dGh .
They are¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG
followed by notes that offer an analytical explanation of the financial, regulatory, legal,øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûªd äGDƒe »©jô°ûJ QÉWEG ™°Vh ≈∏Y á«æWƒdG á«©jô°ûàdG äÉÄ«¡dG IóYÉ°ùe
policy and other issues raised in the subject area.á«dɪdG πFÉ°ùª∏d É«∏«∏ëJ ÉMô°T Ωó≤J äɶMÓe ΩɵMC’Gh äÉ«°UƒàdG √òg Ö≤©Jh .
The reader is advised to read the legislative recommendations and the model provisions together with the notes, which provide¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG
background information to enhance understanding of the legislative recommendations andCGô≤j ¿CG ÇQÉ≤dÉH q...ôMh .∫ÉéªdG Gòg »a IQÉãªdG πFÉ°ùªdG øe Égô«Zh á«JÉ°SÉ«°ùdGh á«fƒfÉ≤dGh ᫪«¶æàdGh
model provisions.IOÉjR ≈∏Y óYÉ°ùJ á«Ø∏N äÉeƒ∏©e Ωó≤J »àdG äɶMÓªdG ™e á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdGh á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G
The legislative recommendations and the model provisions consist of a set of core.ΩɵMC’Gh äÉ«°UƒàdG √òg º¡a ∫hÉæàJ á«°SÉ°SC’G ΩɵMC’G øe áYƒªée øe á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’Gh á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG ∞dCÉàJh
provisions dealing with matters that deserve attention in legislation specifically concerned´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûªH GójóëJ »æ©ªdG ™jô°ûàdG »a Ωɪàg’ÉH IôjóédG πFÉ°ùªdG
with privately financed infrastructure projects..¢UÉîdG
The model provisions are designed to be implemented and supplemented by the issuance of regulations providing further details. Areas more suitably addressed by regulationsΩó≤J ᫪«¶æJ íFGƒd QGó°UEÉH πªµà°ùoJh òsØæoJ ¿CG ƒg á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G √òg øe Oƒ°ü≤ªdGh
rather than statutes are identified accordingly.QÉWEG »a É¡àédÉ©e ôÑcCG Qó≤H Ö°SÉæªdG øe »àdG ä’ÉéªdG ∂dòd É≤ah äOóM óbh .
Moreover, the successful implementation ofπ«°UÉØàdG øe Gójõe
privately financed infrastructure projects typically requires various measures beyond theádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûªd íLÉædG ò«ØæàdG q¿CG ∂dP ≈dEG ±É°†j .ø«fGƒb QÉWEG »a ¢ù«dh ᫪«¶æJ íFGƒd
establishment of an appropriate legislative framework, such as adequate administrative≈æH OƒLƒc ,Ö°SÉæe »©jô°ûJ QÉWEG ™°Vh Oôée RhÉéàJ áØ∏àîe ô«HGóJ IOÉY Ö∏£àj ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe
structures and practices, organizational capability, technical, legal and financial expertise,áÑ°SÉæe á«dÉeh ájô°ûH OQGƒeh á«dÉeh á«fƒfÉbh á«æ≤J IôÑNh ᫪«¶æJ IQóbh á˘ª˘FÓ˘e á˘jQGOEG äɢ°SQɢª˘eh
appropriate human and financial resources and economic stability.....OÉ°üàbG QGô≤à°SGh ¿ƒfÉ≤dG ä’Éée ∫hÉæàJ ’ á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’Gh á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG q¿CG ≈dEG IQÉ°T’G QóéJ
It should be noted that the legislative recommendations and the model provisions doÉ¡fCÉ°ûH OôJ ºd øµdh ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe »a ô«KCÉJ É°†jCG É¡d »àdG iôNC’G »a IOóëe á«©jô°ûJ äÉ«°UƒJ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH ∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G π«dO.
not deal with other areas of law that also have an impact on privately financed infrastructure projects but on which no specific legislative recommendations are made in the@ ¿ƒfÉbh ,É¡àjɪMh äGQɪãà°S’G õjõ©J ,∫ÉãªdG π«Ñ°S ≈∏Y ,iôNC’G á«fƒfÉ≤dG ä’ÉéªdG ∂∏J πª°ûJh
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.* Those other¿ƒfÉbh ,á°UÉîdG äɵ∏પ∏d ...QÉÑL’G RÉ«àM’G äGAGôLEGh óYGƒbh ,á«fɪ°†dG ídÉ°üªdGh ,᫵∏ªdG
areas of law include, for instance, promotion and protection of investments, property law,ø«fGƒbh ,ÖFGô°†dG ¿ƒfÉbh ,...QGO’G ¿ƒfÉ≤dGh ,á«eƒµëdG Oƒ≤©dÉH á≤∏©àªdG óYGƒ≤dGh ,ΩÉ©dG Oƒ≤©dG
security interests, rules and procedures on compulsory acquisition of private property,á«fƒfÉ≤dG ä’ÉéªdG ∂∏J ø«H ábÓ©dG QÉÑàY’G »a òNDƒJ ¿CG »¨Ñæjh .∂∏¡à°ùªdG ájɪMh áÄ«ÑdG ájɪM
general contract law, rules on government contracts and administrative law, tax law and.¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH GójóëJ
environmental protection and consumer protection laws. The relationship of such otherqøn
areas of law to any law enacted specifically with respect to privately financed infrastructure°ù
projects should be borne in mind.o
*United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.V.4.1j ¿ƒfÉb ...CGh iôNC’G
Part one@
Legislative recommendations™«ÑªdG ºbQ ,IóëàªdG ºeC’G äGQƒ°ûæe.A.01.V.4
I. General legislative and institutional frameworkxi∫hC’G Aõ```édG á````«©jô``°ûàdG äÉ````«°UƒàdG
Constitutional, legislative and institutional framework (see the-’hCGΩÉ©dG »°ù°SDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉWE’G
Legislative Guide, chap. I, “General legislative and institutionalô¶fG) »°ù°SDDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdGh ...Qƒà°SódG QÉWEE’G»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,∫hCC’G π°üØdG ,"QÉWEE’G
framework”, paras.ΩÉ©dG »°ù°SDDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdG"(14-2 äGô≤ØdG , -1 á«°UƒàdGá«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«Øæàd ΩRÓdG »°ù°SDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdGh .
2-14) Recommendation 1...
The constitutional, legislative and institutionalQƒà°SódG QÉWEÓd »¨Ñæj
framework for the implementation of privately financed infrastructureá∏jƒ£dG áeGóà°S’Gh ±É°üf’Gh á«aÉØ°ûdG ≥«≤ëJ πصj ¿CG ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG
projects should ensure transparency, fairness and the long-termácQÉ°ûe ≈∏Y á°VhôتdG É¡«a ܃ZôªdG ô«Z Oƒ«≤dG ádGREG »¨Ñæj ɪc .™jQÉ°ûªdG »a πLC’G
sustainability of projects..
Undesirable restrictions on private sectorÉ¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ôjƒ£J »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG
participation in infrastructure development and operation should beô¶fG) äGRÉ«àe’G íæªH ád
eliminated.s
Scope of authority to award concessions (see the Legislative Guide,sƒîªdG á£∏˘°ùdG ¥É˘£˘f»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,∫hC
chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”,C’G π°üØ˘dG ,"QÉW’G
paras. 15-22)ΩÉ©dG »°ù°SDDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdG"(22-15 äGô≤ØdG ,
Recommendation 2. The law should identify the public authorities of the-2 á«°UƒàdG,∂dP »a ɪH) ∞«°†ªdG ó∏ÑdG »a á«eƒª©dG äÉ£∏°ùdG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG Oóëj ¿CG »¨Ñæj
host country (including, as appropriate, national, provincial and localá«MÓ°üH ádƒîªdG (»∏ëªdGh »ª«∏b’Gh »æWƒdG ó«©°üdG ≈∏Y äÉ£∏°ùdG ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM
authorities) that are empowered to award concessions and enter into agreements for the implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects..¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«ØæJ ¿CÉ°ûH äÉbÉØJG ΩGôHGh äGRÉ«àeG íæe
Recommendation 3. Privately financed infrastructure projects may-3 á«°UƒàdGäGRÉ«àeG ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe πª°ûJ ¿CG Rƒéj
include concessions for the construction and operation of new infrastructure facilities and systems or the maintenance, modernization, expansioná«àëJ á«æH äɵѰTh ≥aGôe áfÉ«°U hCG ,IójóL á«àëJ á«æH äɵѰTh ≥aGôe 𫨰ûJh ó««°ûàd .É¡∏«¨°ûJh É¡©«°SƒJh É¡ãjóëJh áªFÉb
and operation of existing infrastructure facilities and systems.-4 á«°UƒàdGíæe Rƒéj »àdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´GƒfCG hCG äÉYÉ£b ¿ƒfÉ≤˘dG Oó˘ë˘j ¿CG »˘¨˘Ñ˘æ˘j
Recommendation 4..
The law should identify the sectors or types ofÉ¡°Uƒ°üîH äGRÉ«àe’G
infrastructure in respect of which concessions may be granted.-5 á«°UƒàdGπª°û«d RÉ«àe’G ¬«dG ™°ùàj ¿CG õFÉédG øe ...òdG ióªdG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG Oóëj ¿CG »¨Ñæj
Recommendation 5. The law should specify the extent to which a concession might extend to the entire region under the jurisdiction of the respective contracting authority, to a geographical subdivision thereof or2 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects»aGô¨édG »YôØdG º°ù≤dG hCG ,á«æ©ªdG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG áj’h ¥É£æd á©°VÉîdG á≤£æªdG πeÉc
to a discrete project, and whether it might be awarded with or without1,ájô°üM áØ°üH RÉ«àe’G íæe õFÉédG øe ¿Éc GPG Ée ∂dòch ,¬JGòH Ó°üØæe ÉYhô°ûe hCG ,É¡æe
exclusivity, as appropriate, in accordance with rules and principles of law,á«fƒfÉ≤dG ΩɵMC’Gh ,¬FOÉÑeh ¿ƒfÉ≤dG óYGƒ≤d É≤ah ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,áØ°üdG √òg ¿hóH hCG
statutory provisions, regulations and policies applying to the sector concerned.∫ƒîoJ ¿CG õFÉédG øeh .
Contracting authorities might be jointly empowered to award»æ©ªdG ´É£≤dG ≈∏Y á≤Ñ£ªdG áeÉ©dG äÉ°SÉ«°ùdGh ᫪«¶æàdG íFGƒ∏dGh ¥É£f RhÉéàj ¥É£f ≈∏Y äGRÉ«àe’G íæe á«MÓ°üH ∑ôà°ûe ƒëf ≈∏Y IóbÉ©àe äÉ£∏°S IóY
concessions beyond a single jurisdiction..ÉgOôتH á£∏°S áj’h
Administrative coordination (see the Legislative Guide, chap. I,ô¶fG) ...QGOEE’G ≥«°ùæ˘à˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,∫hCC’G π˘°üØ˘dG ,"»°ù°SDDƒªdGh »©`jô°ûàdG QɢW’G
“General legislative and institutional framework”, paras. 23-29)ΩÉ©dG"(29-23 äGô`≤ØdG ,
Recommendation 6. Institutional mechanisms should be established to-6 á«°UƒàdGádhDƒ°ùªdG á«eƒª©dG äÉ£∏°ùdG ᣰûfCG ø«H ≥«°ùæà∏d á«°ù°SDƒe äÉ«dBG AÉ°ûfG »¨Ñæj
coordinate the activities of the public authorities responsible for issuingá«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«Øæàd áeRÓdG ¿hPC’G hCG äGRÉL’G hCG ¢üNôdG hCG äÉ≤aGƒªdG QGó°UG øY
approvals, licences, permits or authorizations required for the implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects in accordance withá°UÉîdG ᫪«¶æàdG á«HÉbôdG hCG á«fƒfÉ≤dG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah ,¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG .»æ©ªdG ´ƒædG øe á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aGôe 𫨰ûJh ó««°ûàH
statutory or regulatory provisions on the construction and operation ofô¶fG) á«àëàdG á«æÑdG äÉeóîd ᫪«¶æJ §HGƒ°V ™°VƒH ád
infrastructure facilities of the type concerned.s sƒîªdG á£∏°ùdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdG
Authority to regulate infrastructure services (see the Legislative,∫hC
Guide, chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”,C’G"ΩÉ©dG »°ù°SD
paras. 30-53)DƒªdGh ,»©jô°ûàdG QÉWE E’G"(53-30 äGô≤ØdG ,
Recommendation 7. The authority to regulate infrastructure services-7 á«°UƒàdG≈dG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG äÉeóîd ᫪«¶æJ §HGƒ°V ™°Vh á«MÓ°üH ó¡©o
should not be entrusted to entities that directly or indirectly providej ¿CG »¨Ñæj ’
infrastructure services..ô°TÉÑe ô«Z hCG ô°TÉÑe ƒëf ≈∏Y á«àëJ á«æH äÉeóN Ωó≤J äÉÄ«g
Recommendation 8. Regulatory competence should be entrusted to-8 á«°UƒàdG™àªàJ É«Ø«Xh á∏≤à°ùe äÉÄ«g ≈dG »ª«¶æàdG »HÉbôdG ¢UÉ°üàN’ÉH ó¡©o
functionally independent bodies with a level of autonomy sufficient toj ¿CG »¨Ñæj
ensure that their decisions are taken without political interference orƒ¨°V hCG »°SÉ«°S πNóJ ¿hO É¡JGQGôb ÉgPÉîJG ¿Éª°†d á«aÉc »JGòdG ∫Ó≤à°S’G øe áLQóH
inappropriate pressures from infrastructure operators and public service providers..á«eƒªY äÉeóN »eó≤e hCG á«àëJ á«æH ≥aGôe 𫨰ûJ ...ó¡©àe øe áÑ°SÉæe ô«Z
Recommendation 9. The rules governing regulatory procedures should-9 á«°UƒàdGáæ∏©e ᫪«¶æàdG á«HÉbôdG äGAGôL’G É¡d ™°†îJ »àdG óYGƒ≤dG ¿ƒµJ ¿CG »¨Ñæj
be made public.»¨Ñæj ɪc ,É¡«dG óæà°ùJ »àdG ÜÉÑ°SC’G ᫪«¶æàdG á«HÉbôdG äGQGô≤dG ø«ÑJ ¿CG »¨Ñæjh .
Regulatory decisions should state the reasons on which they are based and should be accessible to interested parties throughQƒ¡ªé∏d
publication or other means..iôNCG á∏«°Sh ...CG hCG ô°ûædG ∫ÓN øe ,áªà¡ªdG ±GôWC’G ∫hÉæàe »a ¿ƒµJ ¿CG
Recommendation 10. The law should establish transparent procedures-10 á«°UƒàdG¿CG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ɡࣰSGƒH Rƒéj áaÉØ°T äGAGôLG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG Å°ûæj ¿CG »¨Ñæj
whereby the concessionaire may request a review of regulatory decisionsRƒéjh ,IójÉëeh á∏≤à°ùe áÄ«g ÖfÉL øe ᫪«¶æàdG á«HÉbôdG äGQGô≤dG »a ô¶ædG IOÉYG Ö∏£j
by an independent and impartial body, which may include court review,ÜÉÑ°SC’G ø«Ñj ¿CG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d »¨Ñæj ºK øeh ,᪵ëªdG ÖfÉL øe ô¶ædG IOÉYG ∂dP πª°ûj ¿CG
and should set forth the grounds on which such a review may be based..√òg ô¶ædG IOÉYG É¡«dG óæà°ùJ ¿CG Rƒéj »àdG á«°SÉ°SC’G
Recommendation 11. Where appropriate, special procedures should be-11 á«°UƒàdG»eó≤e ø«H äÉYRÉæªdG ôHóàd á°UÉN äGAGôLG AÉ°ûfG »¨Ñæj ,AÉ°†àb’G óæY
established for handling disputes among public service providersÉ¡d ™°†îj »àdG ᫪«¶æàdG íFGƒ∏dGh ø«fGƒ≤dG ∑É¡àfG ºYGõe ¢Uƒ°üîH á«eƒª©dG äÉeóîdG
concerning alleged violations of laws and regulations governing the.»æ©ªdG ´É£≤dG
relevant sector.Part one. Legislative recommendations 32
II. Project risks and government support¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG-É«fÉK»eƒµëdG ºYódGh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe
Project risks and risk allocation (see the Legislative Guide, chap. II,ô¶fG) ôWÉîªdG ™jRƒJh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,»fÉãdG π°üØdG ,"™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe
“Project risks and government support”, paras. 8-29)»eƒµëdG ºYódGh"(29-8 äGô≤ØdG ,
Recommendation 12. No unnecessary statutory or regulatory limitations-12 á«°UƒàdGIQób øe óëJ É¡d Ωhõd ’ ᫪«¶æJ á«HÉbQ hCG á«fƒfÉb Oƒ«b ¢Vôa »¨Ñæj ’
should be placed upon the contracting authority’s ability to agree on anäÉLÉ«àM’ ɪFÓe ¿ƒµj ôWÉîª∏d ™jRƒJ ¿CÉ°ûH ¥ÉØJ’G ≈∏˘Y Ió˘bɢ©˘à˘ª˘dG á˘£˘∏˘°ùdG
allocation of risks that is suited to the needs of the project..´hô°ûªdG
Government support (see the Legislative Guide, chap. II, “Projectô¶fG) »eƒµ˘ë˘dG º˘Yó˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dó˘dG ,»`fɢã˘dG π˘°üØ˘dG ,"ºYódGh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ô˘Wɢî˘e
risks and government support”, paras. 30-60)»`eƒµëdG"(60- 30 äGô``≤ØdG ,
Recommendation 13. The law should clearly state which public-13 á«°UƒàdG»àdG ∞«°†ªdG ó∏ÑdG »a á«eƒª©dG äÉ£∏°ùdG 샰VƒH ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øq
authorities of the host country may provide financial or economic support«Ñj ¿CG »¨Ñæj
to the implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects andøe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«Øæàd ...OÉ°üàb’G hCG »dɪdG ºYódG Ωó≤J ¿CG É¡d Rƒéj
which types of support they are authorized to provide..
5É¡ªjó≤àH É¡d ¿hPCɪdG ºYódG ´GƒfCG ∂dòch ,¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG
Part two Model legislative provisions I. General provisionsá«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG - ∫hC’G AõédG
Model provision 1. Preamble (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 1 and chap. I, paras. 2-14)3»fÉãdG AõédG
WHEREAS the [Government] [Parliament] of [. . .] considers it desirableá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G
to establish a favourable legislative framework to promote and facilitate the-’hCGáeÉY ΩɵMCG
implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects by enhancing,∫hCC’G π````°üØdGh 1 á«````°UƒàdG ,»©jô°ûàdG π```«dódG ô¶fG) áLÉÑjódG -1 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG (14-2 äGô``≤ØdG
transparency, fairness and long-term sustainability and removing undesirableå«M[ ¿EGáeƒµM][¿ÉªdôH]...[ ]äGDƒe »©jô°ûJ QÉWG OÉéjG ܃°üà°ùªdG øe ¿CG iôJ
restrictions on private sector participation in infrastructure development and±É°üfE’Gh á«aÉØ°ûdG õjõ©àH ,¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«ØæJ ô«°ù«Jh èjhôàd
operation;áeÉbG »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG ácQÉ°ûe ≈∏Y áHƒZôªdG ô«Z Oƒ«≤dG ™«ªL ádGRGh πLC’G á∏jƒ£dG áeGóà°S’Gh
WHEREAS the [Government] [Parliament] of [. . .] considers it desirable;É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG ≈æÑdG
to further develop the general principles of transparency, economy and fairnesså«Mh[ ¿EGáeƒµM][¿ÉªdôHÇOÉѪdG ôjƒ£J IOÉjR ܃°üà°ùªdG øe ¿CG iôJ ]...[ ]
in the award of contracts by public authorities through the establishment of∫ÓN øe ,á«eƒª©dG äÉ£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe Oƒ≤©dG íæe »a ±É°üfE’Gh OÉ°üàb’Gh á«aÉØ°û∏d áeÉ©dG
specific procedures for the award of infrastructure projects;;á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe OÉæ°S’ IOóëe äGAGôLG ™°Vh
[Other objectives that the enacting State might wish to state];[ÉgôcP áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OƒJ ób »àdG ±GógC’G øe ∂dP ô«Z;]
Be it therefore enacted as follows::á«dÉàdG ΩɵMC’G âYôà°TG ó≤a
Model provision 2. Definitions (see the Legislative Guide, introduction, paras. 9-20)ô¶fG) ∞jQÉ©àdG -2 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG(20-9 äGô≤ØdG ,áeó≤ªdG ,
For the purposes of this law::¿ƒfÉ≤dG Gòg ¢VGôZC’
(a) “Infrastructure facility” means physical facilities and systems that(CG) »æ©j"á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aô˘e"äÉeóîdG ôaƒJ »àdG º¶ædGh ájOɪdG äBɢ°ûæ˘ª˘dG
directly or indirectly provide services to the general public;;ô°TÉÑe ô«Z hCG ô°TÉÑe πµ°ûH áeÉY Qƒ¡ªé∏d
(b) “Infrastructure project” means the design, construction, development(Ü) »æ©j"á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe"Égó««°ûJh á«àëàdG á«æÑ∏d IójóL ≥aGôe º«ª°üJ
and operation of new infrastructure facilities or the rehabilitation, modernization, expansion or operation of existing infrastructure facilities;;É¡∏«¨°ûJ hCG É¡©«°SƒJ hCG É¡ãjóëJ hCG á«àëàdG á«æÑ∏d IOƒLƒe ≥aGôe ìÓ°UG hCG É¡∏«¨°ûJh ÉgOGóYGh
(c) “Contracting authority” means the public authority that has the(ê) »æ©J"IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG"RÉ«àeG ó≤Y ΩGôHG á«MÓ°U É¡d »àdG á«eƒª©dG áÄ«¡dG
power to enter into a concession contract for the implementation of an infrastructure project [under the provisions of this law];[ á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe øe ´hô°ûe ò«Øæàd¿ƒfÉ≤dG Gòg ΩɵMCG ≈°†à≤ªH;]
1(1)
1(1)
It should be noted that this definition relates only to the power to enter into concessionádhódG √óªà©J ...òdG »HÉbôdG Ωɶæ∏d É©ÑJh .§≤a RÉ«àe’G Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG á«MÓ°üH ≥∏©àj ∞jô©àdG Gòg ¿CG á¶MÓªdG QóéJ
contracts. Depending on the regulatory regime of the enacting State, a separate body, referred to as`H É¡«dG QÉ°ûj ,á∏≤à°ùe áÄ«g ™∏£°†J ¿CG øµªj ,áYôà°ûªdG"á«HÉbôdG áÄ«¡dG" á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG »a(ì)óYGƒ≤dG QGó°UG øY á«dhDƒ°ùªdÉH ,
“regulatory agency” in subpara. (h), may have responsibility for issuing rules and regulations governing the provision of the relevant service.6 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.á«æ©ªdG áeóîdG ºjó≤J ºµëJ »àdG íFGƒ∏dGh
(d) “Concessionaire” means the person that carries out an infrastructure5(O) »æ©j"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U"
project under a concession contract entered into with a contracting authority;@
(e) “Concession contract” means the mutually binding agreement orá«àëàdG á«æÑ∏d ´hô°ûe ò«ØæàH Ωƒ≤j ...òdG ¢üî°ûdG
agreements between the contracting authority and the concessionaire that set;IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ™e ΩôÑj RÉ«àeG ó≤Y ≈°†à≤ªH
forth the terms and conditions for the implementation of an infrastructure(`g) »æ©j"RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y"IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«H ÉfƒfÉb áeõ∏ªdG äÉbÉØJ’G hCG ¥ÉØJ’G
project; (f) “Bidder” or “bidders” means persons, including groups thereof, that participate in selection proceedings concerning an infrastructure project; 2;á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe øe ´hô°ûe ò«ØæJ hô°Th ΩɵMCG OóëJ »àdGh RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°Uh
(g) “Unsolicited proposal” means any proposal relating to the implementation of an infrastructure project that is not submitted in response to a request(h) »æ`©j"¢Vô©dG Ωó```≤e" hCG"¢Vhô`©dG ƒ``eó≤e"º¡«a øªH ,¢UÉ`î°TC’G
or solicitation issued by the contracting authority within the context of a selection procedure;ÉYhô°ûe ¢üîJ »àdG QÉ``«àN’G äGAGôLG »a ¿ƒcôà```°ûj ø```jòdG ,º¡æe áØdDƒªdG äÉYƒªéªdG
(h) “Regulatory agency” means a public authority that is entrusted with;á«àëàdG á«æÑ∏d
the power to issue and enforce rules and regulations governing the infrastructure facility or the provision of the relevant services.(2)
3 Model provision 3. Authority to enter into concession contracts (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 2 and chap. I, paras. 15-18) The following public authorities have the power to enter into concession contracts 4 for the implementation of infrastructure projects falling within their respective spheres of competence: [the enacting State lists the relevant public authorities of the host country that may enter into concession contracts by way of an exhaustive or indicative list of public authorities, a list of types or categories of public authority or a combination thereof].(R) »æ©j"¢ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z ìGôàb’G"™jQÉ°ûe øe ´hô°ûe ò«ØæàH ≥∏©àe ìGôàbG ...CG
5¥É«°S »a IóbÉ``©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øe QOÉ``°U ¢SÉ``ªàdG hCG Ö∏£d áHÉ``éà°SG Ωsón≤
2o
The term “bidder” or “bidders” encompasses, according to the context, both persons that havej ’ á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ;QÉ«àNG äGAGôLG (ì) »æ©J"á«HÉbôdG áÄ«¡dG"íFGƒdh óYGƒb PÉØfGh QGó°UG á«MÓ°U ád
sought an invitation to take part in pre-selection proceedings or persons that have submitted a proposalqƒîe á«eƒªY áÄ«g
in response to a contracting authority’s request for proposals..á∏°üdG äGP äÉeóîdG ºjó≤J hCG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe ºµëJ
3(3)
The composition, structure and functions of such a regulatory agency may need to be addressedô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG á£∏°S -3 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdGh 2 á«°UƒàdG ,
in special legislation (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 7-11 and chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”, paras. 30-53).(18-15 äGô≤ØdG ,∫hC
4C’G
It is advisable to establish institutional mechanisms to coordinate the activities of the publicRÉ«àeG Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG á«MÓ°U á«dÉàdG á«eƒª©dG äÉÄ«¡∏d
authorities responsible for issuing the approvals, licences, permits or authorizations required for the(4) á∏NGódG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«Øæàd [ :É¡æe πc ¢UÉ°üàNG ¥É£f »aó∏ÑdG »a á«æ©ªdG á«eƒª©dG äÉÄ«¡∏d GOô°S áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OQƒJ
implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects in accordance with statutory or regulatoryhCG á«eƒª©dG äÉÄ«¡dÉH ájOÉ°TQG hCG á∏eÉ°T áªFÉb ≥jôW øY RÉ«àeG Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG É¡d Rƒéj »àdG ∞«°†ªdG
provisions on the construction and operation of infrastructure facilities of the type concerned (see theɪ¡æ«H ™ªéJ áªFÉb hCG á«eƒª©dG äÉÄ«¡dG äÉÄa hCG ´GƒfCÉH áªFÉb.]
Legislative Guide, recommendation 6 and chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”,(5) 6 ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
paras. 23-29). In addition, for countries that contemplate providing specific forms of government@ ô«Ñ©àdG ΩGóîà°SG ÉfÉ«MCG ¥É«°ùdG »°†à≤j :á«Hô©dG áªLôàdG øe á¶MÓe"RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°ûdG"ô«Ñ©àdG øe ’óH
support to infrastructure projects, it may be useful for the relevant law, such as legislation or a"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U".
regulation governing the activities of entities authorized to offer government support, to identify(2)
clearly which entities have the power to provide such support and what kind of support may beô«Ñ©àdG πª°ûj"¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e" hCG"¢Vhô©dG ƒeó≤e"»a ∑Gôà°TÓd IƒYO Gƒ°ùªàdG øjòdG ¢UÉî°TC’G ,¥É«°ùdG Ö°ùëH ,
provided (see chap..
II, “Project risks and government support”).äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤àH IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øe Ö∏£d áHÉéà°SG ÉMGôàbG Gƒeób øjòdG ¢UÉî°TC’G hCG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG
5(3)
Enacting States may generally have two options for completing this model provision. Oneô¶fG) ¢UÉN ™jô°ûJ »a π«Ñ≤dG Gòg øe á«HÉbQ áÄ«g ∞FÉXhh á«æHh øjƒµJ ∫hÉæJ ≈dEG ôeC’G êÉàëj ób,»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG
alternative may be to provide a list of authorities empowered to enter into concession contracts, either,∫hC’G π°üØdGh 11-7 äÉ«°UƒàdG"ΩÉ©dG »°ù°SDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’G".(53-30 äGô≤ØdG ,
in the model provision or in a schedule to be attached thereto. Another alternative might be for the(4)
enacting State to indicate the levels of government that have the power to enter into those contracts,hCG ¢üNôdG hCG äÉ≤aGƒªdG QGó°UG øY ádhDƒ°ùªdG á«eƒª©dG äÉÄ«¡dG ᣰûfCG ≥«°ùæàd á«°ù°SDƒe äÉ«dBG áeÉbG ܃°üà°ùªdG øe
without naming relevant public authorities. In a federal State, for example, such an enabling clauseó««°ûJ ¿CÉ°ûH ᫪«¶æàdG hCG á«fƒfÉ≤dG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ò«Øæàd áeRÓdG ¢ü«NGôàdG hCG ¿hPC’G
might refer to “the Union, the states [or provinces] and the municipalities”. In any event, it is advisableô¶fG) »æ©ªdG ´ƒædG øe á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aGôe 𫨰ûJh»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,∫hC’G π°üØdGh ,6 á«°UƒàdG ,"»°ù°SDƒªdGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’G
for enacting States that wish to include an exhaustive list of authorities to consider mechanismsΩÉ©dG"ºYódG øe áæ«©e ∫ɵ°TCG ºjó≤J Ωõà©J »àdG ¿Gó∏Ñ∏d áÑ°ùædÉH ,ó«ØªdG øe ¿ƒµj ób ,∂dP ≈dEG áaÉ°VGh .(29-23 äGô≤ØdG ,
allowing for revisions of such a list as the need arises. One possibility to that end might be to includeºYO ºjó≤àH É¡d ¿hPCɪdG äÉfÉ«µdG ᣰûfCG ºµëj ...òdG ™jô°ûàdÉc ,á∏°üdG hP ¿ƒfÉ≤dG Oóëj ¿CG ,á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûªd »eƒµëdG
the list in a schedule to the law or in regulations that may be issued thereunder..
Part two...
Model legislative provisions 7òdG ºYódG ´ƒfh ºYódG Gòg πãe ºjó≤J á«MÓ°U É¡d »àdG äÉÄ«¡dG Éë°VGh GójóëJ ,ᣰûfC’G ∂∏J ºµëJ »àdG áëFÓdG hCG ,»eƒµM
Model provision 4. Eligible infrastructure sectors (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 4 and chap. I, paras. 19-22),»fÉãdG π°üØdG ô¶fG) ¬ªjó≤J øµªj"»eƒµëdG ºYódGh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe".(
Concession contracts may be entered into by the relevant authorities in the(5)
following sectors: [the enacting State indicates the relevant sectors by way ofπãªàj ¿CG øµª«a .»LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg ∫ɪµà°S’ ¿GQÉ«N áYôà°ûªdG ∫hódG iód ¿ƒµj ¿CG ΩÉY πµ°ûH øµªj
an exhaustive or indicative list].QÉ«îdG ¿ƒµj óbh .¬H ≥ë∏J áªFÉb »a hCG »LPƒªædG ºµëdG »a ÉeEG RÉ«àe’G Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG á£∏°S ádƒîªdG äÉÄ«¡dÉH áªFÉb OGôjG »a ɪgóMCG
6á«eƒª©dG äÉÄ«¡dG Aɪ°SCG ójóëJ ¿hO ,Oƒ≤©dG ∂∏J ΩGôHG á«MÓ°U É¡d »àdG á«eƒµëdG äÉjƒà°ùªdG ¿É«H ƒg áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d πjóÑdG
II.≈dEG »æ«µªàdG ºµëdG Gòg πãe ô«°ûj ób ,Óãe ,ájOÉëJG ádhO »Øa .
Selection of the concessionaireá«æ©ªdG" äÉj’ƒdGh OÉëJ’G]º«dÉbC’G hCG[ájó∏ÑdG ¢ùdÉéªdGh"øeh .
Model provision 5. Rules governing the selection proceedings (seeIOÉYÉH íª°ùJ äÉ«dBG OÉéjG »a ô¶æJ ¿CG ,äÉÄ«¡∏d á∏eÉ°T áªFÉb OGôjG »a ÖZôJ »àdG áYôà°ûªdG ∫hó∏d áÑ°ùædÉH ,∫ÉM ...CG ≈∏Y ܃°üà°ùªdG
the Legislative Guide, recommendation 14 and chap. III, paras. 1-33)hCG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d ≥ë∏e »a áªFÉ≤dG êGQOG »a ∂dP ≥«≤ëàd äÉ«fɵe’G ióMG πãªàJ óbh .∂dP ≈dEG áLÉëdG âYO ≈àe áªFÉ≤dG √òg »a ô¶ædG
The selection of the concessionaire shall be conducted in accordance with.√QÉWG »a Qó°üJ ób »àdG íFGƒ∏dG »a ô¶fG) áë°TôªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG äÉYÉ£b -4 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG4 á«°UƒàdG , (22-19 äGô≤ØdG ,∫hC
model provisions 6-27 and, for matters not provided herein, in accordance withC’G π°üØdGh [ á«dÉàdG äÉYÉ£≤dG »a RÉ«àeG Oƒ≤Y ΩGôHG á°üàîªdG äÉ£∏°ù∏d RƒéjáYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ
[the enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws that provide for transparent and efficient competitive procedures for the award of governmentájOÉ°TQG hCG á∏eÉ°T áªFÉb ≥jôW øY á«æ©ªdG äÉYÉ£≤dG.]
contracts].(6) -É«fÉKRÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG
7ô¶fG) QÉ«àN’G äGAGôL’ ᪶æªdG óYGƒ≤dG -5 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
1. Pre-selection of bidders(33-1 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 14 á«°UƒàdG
Model provision 6. Purpose and procedure of pre-selection (see theô«Z πFÉ°ùªdÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«ah ,27-6 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG ºàj
Legislative Guide, chap. III, paras. 34-50) 1. The contracting authority shall engage in pre-selection proceedings with a view to identifying bidders that are suitably qualified to implement the[ `d É≤ah ,É¡«a É¡«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæªdGäGAGôLG ≈∏Y ¢üæJ »àdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ
envisaged infrastructure project.á«eƒµëdG Oƒ≤©dG íæªd IAÉصdGh á«aÉØ°ûdÉH º°ùàJ á«°ùaÉæJ.]
6(7)
It is advisable for enacting States that wish to include an exhaustive list of sectors to consider-1¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªd »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G
mechanisms allowing for revisions of such a list as the need arises. One possibility to that end mightô¶fG) ¬JGAGôLGh »dhC
be to include the list in a schedule to the law or in regulations that may be issued thereunder.C’G QÉ«àN’G øe ¢Vô¨dG -6 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdG ,
7(50-34 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG
The reader’s attention is drawn to the relationship between the procedures for the selection of-1»eó≤e ójóëJ ¢Vô¨H »dhC’G QÉ«àNÓd äGAGôLEG IóbÉ©àªdG á˘£˘∏˘°ùdG ô˘°TÉ˘Ñ˘J
the concessionaire and the general legislative framework for the award of government contracts in the.»æ©ªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe ò«Øæàd ÉÑ°SÉæe Ó«gCÉJ ø«∏gDƒªdG ¢Vhô©dG
enacting State. While some elements of structured competition that exist in traditional procurementá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
methods may be usefully applied, a number of adaptations are needed to take into account the7
particular needs of privately financed infrastructure projects, such as a clearly defined pre-selection(6)
phase, flexibility in the formulation of requests for proposals, special evaluation criteria and someäÉ«dBG OÉéjG »a ô¶æJ ¿CG äÉYÉ£≤dÉH á∏eÉ°T áªFÉb êGQOG »a ÖZôJ »àdG áYôà°ûªdG ∫hó∏d áÑ°ùædÉH ܃°üà°ùªdG øe
scope for negotiations with bidders.»a áªFÉ≤dG êGQOG »a ∂dP ≥«≤ëàd äÉ«fɵe’G ióMG πãªàJ óbh .
The selection procedures reflected in this chapter are based largely∂dP ≈dEG áLÉëdG âYO ≈àe áªFÉ≤dG ∂∏J »a ô¶ædG IOÉYÉH íª°ùJ
on the features of the principal method for the procurement of services under the UNCITRAL Model.√QÉWG »a Qó°üJ ób »àdG íFGƒ∏dG »a hCG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d ≥ë∏e
Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, which was adopted by UNCITRAL at its(7)
twenty-seventh session, held in New York from 31 May to 17 June (the “Model Procurement Law”).á«eƒµëdG Oƒ≤©dG íæªd ΩÉ©dG »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’Gh RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG äGAGôLG ø«H ábÓ©dG ≈dEG AGqô≤dG ájÉæY ¬qLƒJ
The model provisions on the selection of the concessionaire are not intended to replace or reproduceπµ°ûH Ωóîà°ùJ ¿CG øµªj ájó«∏≤àdG AGôà°T’G Ö«dÉ°SCG »a IOƒLƒªdG ᪶æªdG á°ùaÉæªdG ô°UÉæY ¢†©H âfÉc øÄdh .áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG »a
the entire rules of the enacting State on government procurement, but rather to assist domestic´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûªd á°UÉîdG äÉÑ∏£àªdG ¿ÉÑ°ùëdG »a òNDƒJ »µd äÓjó©àdG øe GOóY Ö∏£àj ób ôeC’G ¿EÉa ,ó«Øe
legislators in developing special rules for the selection of the concessionaire. The model provisions,äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤J äÉÑ∏W ƃ°U »a áfhôªdGh ,샰VƒH IOóëe »dhCG QÉ«àNG á∏Môe OƒLh ,∫ÉãªdG π«Ñ°S ≈∏Y ,É¡æeh ¢UÉîdG
assume that there exists in the enacting State a general framework for the award of government,π°üØdG Gòg »a IOQGƒdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG óæà°ùJh .¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e ™e ¢VhÉØà∏d õ«M OƒLh IÉYGôeh ,á°UÉN º««≤J ô«jÉ©ªH òNC’Gh
contracts providing for transparent and efficient competitive procedures in a manner that meets theäGAÉ°ûf’Gh ™∏°ùdG AGôà°T’ »LPƒªædG ∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G ¿ƒfÉb »a OQGƒdG äÉeóîdG AGôà°T’ »°ù«FôdG ܃∏°SC’G äɪ°S ≈dEG ,Iô«Ñc áLQóH
standards of the Model Procurement Law. Thus, the model provisions do not deal with a number of17 ≈dEG ƒjÉe/QÉjCG 31 øe ∑Qƒjƒ«f »a äó≤Y »àdG ,øjô°û©dGh á©HÉ°ùdG É¡JQhO »a ∫Gôà˘«˘°ùfhC’G ¬˘Jó˘ª˘à˘YG ...ò˘dG ,äɢeó˘î˘dGh
practical procedural steps that would typically be found in an adequate general procurement regime.) ,1994 ¬«fƒj/¿GôjõM"AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG"¿CG ƒg RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G øe ¢Vô¨dG ¢ù«dh .(
Examples include the following matters: manner of publication of notices, procedures for issuance ofIóYÉ°ùe iôMC’ÉH ƒg ɪfGh ,óYGƒ≤dG ∂∏J πc É¡æe ï°ùæà°ùJ ¿CG hCG »eƒµëdG AGôà°T’ÉH á°UÉîdG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG óYGƒb πc πëe πëJ
requests for proposals, record-keeping of the procurement process, accessibility of information to theáYôà°ûªdG ádhódG »a óLƒj ¬fCG á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G ¢VôàØJh .RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àN’ á°UÉN óYGƒb ™°Vh »a ø««æWƒdG ø«Yqô°ûªdG
public and review procedures..
Where appropriate, the notes to these model provisions refer the readerAGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG ô«jÉ©ªH »Øj ƒëf ≈∏Y IAÉصdGh á«aÉØ°ûdÉH º°ùàJ á«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLG ôaƒj á«eƒµëdG Oƒ≤©dG íæªd ΩÉY QÉWG
to provisions of the Model Procurement Law, which may, mutatis mutandis, supplement the practicaløeh .AGôà°TÓd ºFÓe ΩÉY Ωɶf ...CG »a IOÉY óLƒJ »àdG á«∏ª©dG á«FGôL’G äGƒ£îdG øe GOóY á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G ∫hÉæàJ ’ ,∂dòdh
elements of the selection procedure described herein.8 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsáMÉJGh ,AGôà°T’G á«∏ª©d äÓé°S ∑É°ùeGh ,äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤àd äÉÑ∏£dG QGó°UG äGAGôLGh ,äGQÉ£N’G ô°ûf á«Ø«c :»∏j Ée ∂dP á∏ãeCG
2.ΩɵMC’ÉH á≤ë∏ªdG äɶMÓªdG π«ëJ ,ÉÑ°SÉæe ¿ƒµj ɪã«Mh .
The invitation to participate in the pre-selection proceedings shall beô¶ædG IOÉYG äGAGôLGh ¢Vhô©dG ¿Éª°Vh ,Qƒ¡ªé∏d äÉeƒ∏©ªdG
published in accordance with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of itsQÉ«àN’G äGAGôL’ á«∏ª©dG ô°UÉæ©dG πªµJ ¿CG ,Ωõ∏j Ée ô««¨àH ,øµªj »àdG ,AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG ΩɵMCG ≈dEG ÇQÉ≤dG á«LPƒªædG
laws governing publication of invitation to participate in proceedings for the.Éæg áæ«ÑªdG-2[ `d É≤ah »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG »a ácQÉ°ûªdG ≈dEG IƒYódG ôn
pre-qualification of suppliers and contractors].°ûæoJádhódG ø«ÑJ
3. To the extent not already required by [the enacting State indicates≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG »a ácQÉ°ûªdG ≈dEG IƒYódG øY ¿ÓYÓd ᪶æªdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG
the provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the contentø«dhÉ≤ªdGh øjOQƒªdG á«∏gC’.]
of invitations to participate in proceedings for the pre-qualification of suppliers and contractors],-3≈∏Y á«dÉàdG äÉfÉ«ÑdG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG »a ∑Gôà°T’G ≈dEG IƒYódG πª°ûJ
8[ πÑb øe É¡àWôà°TG ób øµJ º˘d ɢª˘dɢW ,π˘bC’Gá≤∏©àªdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø˘«˘Ñ˘J
the invitation to participate in the pre-selection proceedings shall include at least the following:á«∏gC’ ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG »a ∑Gôà°T’G ≈dEG äGƒYódG iƒàëe OóëJ »àdG AGôà°T’G äGAGôLÉH
(a) A description of the infrastructure facility;ø«dhÉ≤ªdGh øjOQƒªdG:]
(b) An indication of other essential elements of the project, such as the(8)
services to be delivered by the concessionaire, the financial arrangements(CG);á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôªd ÉØ°Uh
envisaged by the contracting authority (for example, whether the project will(Ü)≈∏Y ¿ƒµj »àdG äÉeóîdG πãe ,´hô°ûª∏d iôNC’G á«°SÉ°SC’G ô°UÉæ©dÉH ÉfÉ«H
be entirely financed by user fees or tariffs or whether public funds such asπ«Ñ°S ≈∏Y) ÉgPÉîJG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG Ωõà©J »àdG á«dɪdG äÉÑ«JôàdGh ,É¡eó≤j ¿CG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
direct payments, loans or guarantees may be provided to the concessionaire);hCG ,ø«∏ª©à°ùªdG ≈∏Y IQô≤ªdG äÉØjô©àdG hCG Ωƒ°SôdÉH πeɵdÉH ∫ƒª«°S ´hô°ûªdG ¿Éc GPEG Ée ,∫ÉãªdG
(c) Where already known, a summary of the main required terms of the≈dEG ,äÉfɪ°V hCG ¢Vhôb hCG Iô°TÉÑe äÉYƒaóªc ,á«eƒªY ∫GƒeCG ºjó≤J øµªªdG øe ¿Éc GPEG Ée
concession contract to be entered into;;(RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
(d) The manner and place for the submission of applications for preselection and the deadline for the submission, expressed as a specific date(ê)¿ƒµJ ɪã«M ,¬eGôHG ™eõªdG RÉ«àe’G ó≤©d áHƒ∏£ªdG á«°ù«FôdG hô°û∏d É°üî∏e
and time, allowing sufficient time for bidders to prepare and submit their;πÑb øe áahô©e hô°ûdG √òg
applications; and(O),É¡ªjó≤àd IOóëªdG á∏¡ªdGh »dhC’G QÉ«àNÓd äÉÑ∏£dG ºjó≤J ¿Éµeh ᢫˘Ø˘«˘c
(e) The manner and place for solicitation of the pre-selection documents.;º¡JÉÑ∏W ºjó≤Jh OGóY’ ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªd É«aÉc Éàbh í«àj ɪH ,ø«æ«©e âbhh ïjQÉàH É¡æY GôÑ©e
4.(`g).
To the extent not already required by [the enacting State indicates»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh Ö∏W ¿Éµeh á«Ø«c
the provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the content-4ób øµJ ºd ɪdÉW ,πbC’G ≈∏Y á«dÉàdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh πª°ûJ
of the pre-selection documents to be provided to suppliers and contractors in[ πÑb øe É¡àWôà°TGOóëJ »àdG AGôà°T’G äGAGôLÉH á≤∏©àªdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ
proceedings for the pre-qualification of suppliers and contractors],äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG »a ø«dhÉ≤ªdGh øjOQƒª∏d Égô«aƒJ »¨Ñæj »àdG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh iƒàëe
9ø«dhÉ≤ªdGh øjOQƒªdG á«∏gC’ ≥Ñ°ùªdG:]
the preselection documents shall include at least the following information:(9)
(a) The pre-selection criteria in accordance with model provision 7;(CG);7 »LPƒªædG ºµë∏d É≤ah »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ô«jÉ©e
(b) Whether the contracting authority intends to waive the limitations on(Ü)∑Gôà°TG ≈∏Y á°VhôتdG Oƒ«≤dG øY »∏îàdG Ωõà©J IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG âfÉc GPEG Ée
the participation of consortia set forth in model provision 8;;8 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG »a áæ«ÑªdGh (äÉeƒ«JQƒ°ùfƒµdG) äÉcô°ûdG äGOÉëJG
(c) Whether the contracting authority intends to request only a limited(ê)Oó``Y ≈∏Y äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤J Ö∏W ô°ü≤J ¿CG Ωõà©J IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG âfÉc GPEG Ée
number§≤a Ohó```fi
10(10)
of pre-selected bidders to submit proposals upon completion of theQÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG øe AÉ¡àf’G Ö≤Y É«dhCG GQÉ«àNG øjQÉàîªdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe
pre-selection proceedings in accordance with model provision 9, paragraph 2,;√òg QÉ«àN’G á«∏ªY AGôLG á«Ø«c ,ádÉëdG ∂∏J »ah ,2 Iô≤ØdG ,9 »LPƒªædG ºµë∏d É≤ah »dhC’G
and, if applicable, the manner in which this selection will be carried out;8 ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
8(8)
A list of elements typically contained in an invitation to participate in pre-qualification proceedings can be found in art. 25, para. 2, of the Model Procurement Law.»a á«∏gCÓd ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG »a ácQÉ°ûªdG ≈dEG IƒYódG »a IOÉY OôJ »àdG ô°UÉæ©dÉH áªFÉb ≈∏Y ´ÓW’G øµªj
9.AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe 25 IOɪdG øe 2 Iô≤ØdG
A list of elements typically contained in pre-qualification documents can be found in art. 7,(9)
para. 3, of the Model Procurement Law. 10øe 7 IOɪdG øe 3 Iô≤ØdG »a á«∏gCÓd ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑKE’G ≥FÉKh »a IOÉY OôJ »àdG ô°UÉæ©dÉH áªFÉb ≈∏Y ´ÓW’G øµªj
In some countries, practical guidance on selection procedures encourages domestic contracting.AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG
authorities to limit the prospective proposals to the lowest possible number sufficient to ensure(10) ô°üb ≈∏Y á«∏ëªdG IóbÉ©àªdG äÉ£∏°ùdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG ¿CÉ°ûH á«∏ª©dG äGOÉ°TQ’G ™é°ûJ ,¿Gó∏ÑdG ¢†©H »a
meaningful competition (for example, three or four).¿CG øµªj »àdG á≤jô£dG â°ûbƒf óbh .
The manner in which rating systems (in particular(Óãe á©HQCG hCG áKÓK) ájóée á°ùaÉæe ¿Éª°†d »Øµj øµªe OóY πbCG ≈∏Y Iô¶àæªdG äÉMGôàb’G
quantitative ones) may be used to arrive at such a range of bidders is discussed in the Legislative»a ,¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe áYƒªéªdG √òg πãe ≈dEG ∫ƒ°Uƒ∏d (᫪µdG º¶ædG á°UÉNh) »ª««≤àdG Ö«JôàdG º¶f É¡H Ωóîà°ùJπ«dódG
Guide (see chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 48 and 49). See also footnote 14.Part two. Model legislative provisions 9»©jô°ûàdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ô¶fG)"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG".(14) á«°TÉëdG É°†jCG ô¶fG .(49h 48 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,(O)¿CG õFÉØdG ¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e ≈∏Y ôà°ûJ ¿CG Ωõà©J IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG âfÉc GPEG Ée
(d) Whether the contracting authority intends to require the successful[ ø«fGƒ≤d É```≤ÑW ¢ù
bidder to establish an independent legal entity established and incorporateds
under the laws of [the enacting State] in accordance with model provision 30.°Sn
5. For matters not provided for in this model provision, the preselection proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with [the enactingDƒo
State indicates the provisions of its laws on government procurement governing the conduct of proceedings for the pre-qualification of suppliers andjh CÉ
contractors].n
11°ûæ
Model provision 7. Pre-selection criteria (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 15 and chap. III, paras. 34-40, 43 and 44)o
In order to qualify for the selection proceedings, interested bidders mustj Ó≤à°ùe É«fƒ˘fɢb ɢfɢ«˘c Å˘°ûæ˘jáYôà°ûªdG ádhódGºµ``ë∏d É≤˘ah ]
meet objectively justifiable criteria.30 »LPƒªædG
12-5äGAGôLG ôn
that the contracting authority considers°TÉÑoJ ,»LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg »a É¡«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæªdG ô«Z πFÉ°ùªdG »a
appropriate in the particular proceedings, as stated in the pre-selection documents.[ `d É≤ah »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G»àdG »eƒµëdG AGôà°T’ÉH á°UÉîdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ ø«dhÉ≤ªdGh øjOQƒªdG á«∏gC’ ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG ô««°ùJ ºµëJ.
These criteria shall include at least the following:]
(a) Adequate professional and technical qualifications, human resources,(11)
equipment and other physical facilities as necessary to carry out all the phasesô¶fG) »dhC
of the project, including design, construction, operation and maintenance;C’G QÉ«àN’G ô«jÉ©e -7 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdGh 15 á«°UƒàdG , (44h 43h 40-34 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG
(b) Sufficient ability to manage the financial aspects of the project andø«aƒà°ùe Gƒfƒµj ¿CG Öéj ,QÉ«àN’G äGAGôL’ ø«∏gDƒe ¢Vhô©dG ƒeó≤e ¿ƒµj »µd
capability to sustain its financing requirements;,É«Yƒ°Vƒe ÉgôjôÑJ øµªªdG ô«jÉ©ª∏d (12)
(c) Appropriate managerial and organizational capability, reliability and,á°UÉîdG äGAGôLÓd áªFÓe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ÉgôÑà©J »àdG
experience, including previous experience in operating similar infrastructure:»∏j Ée ,πbC’G ≈∏Y ,ô«jÉ©ªdG √òg πª°ûJh .»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh »a OQGh ƒg Ée Ö°ùM
facilities.(CG)≥aGôªdG øe Égô«Zh äGó©ªdGh ájô°ûÑdG OQGƒªdGh á«æ≤àdGh á«æ¡ªdG äÓgDƒªdG ∫ɪYCG ∂dP »a ɪH ,´hô°ûªdG πMGôe ™«ªL ò«Øæàd Ωõ∏j Ée Ö°ùëH ,¢Vô¨dÉH á«aGƒdG ájOɪdG ;áfÉ«°üdGh 𫨰ûàdGh ó««°ûàdGh º«ª°üàdG (Ü)πªëJ ≈∏Y IQó≤dGh ,´hô°ûªdG øe á«dɪdG ÖfGƒédG IQGOG ≈∏Y á«aɵdG IQó≤ªdG ;¬∏jƒªJ äÉÑ∏£àe (ê)ôaƒJ ∂dP »a ɪH ,IôÑîdGh á«bƒKƒªdGh ,áÑ°SÉæªdG ᫪«¶æàdGh ájQGO’G IQó≤dG .á∏Kɪe á«àëJ á«æH ≥aGôe 𫨰ûJ »a á≤HÉ°S IôÑN
Model provision 8. Participation of consortia (see the Legislativeô¶fG) (äÉeƒ«JQƒ°ùfƒµdG) äÉcô°ûdG äGOÉëJG ∑Gôà°TG -8 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
Guide, recommendation 16 and chap. III, paras. 41 and 42)(42h 41 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 16 á«°UƒàdG
1. The contracting authority, when first inviting the participation of-1»a ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e ∑Gôà°TG ≈dEG ájGóH IƒYódG óæY ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d »¨Ñæj
bidders in the selection proceedings, shall allow them to form bidding consortia.¿ƒµJ ¿CG Öéjh .
The information required from members of bidding consortia to demonstrate their qualifications in accordance with model provision 7 shall relate to¢Vhô©∏d áeqó≤e äÉcô°T äGOÉëJG π«µ°ûàH º¡d ìɪ°ùdG ,QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG
the consortium as a whole as well as to its individual participants.É≤ÑW º¡JÓgDƒe äÉÑKE’ ¢Vhô©∏d áeó≤ªdG äÉcô°ûdG äGOÉëJG AÉ°†YCG øe Ö∏£J »àdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG
11 Procedural steps on pre-qualification proceedings, including procedures for handling requests for clarifications and disclosure requirements for the contracting authority’s decision on the bidders’ qualifications, can be found in art. 7 of the Model Procurement Law, paras. 2-7..¬«a ø«côà°ûªdG AÉ°†YC’G øe πµH ∂dòch πµc äÉcô°ûdG OÉëJÉH á≤∏©àe 7 »LPƒªædG ºµë∏d
12á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG Aõ÷G
The laws of some countries provide for some sort of preferential treatment for domestic9
entities or afford special treatment to bidders that undertake to use national goods or employ local(11)
labour. The various issues raised by domestic preferences are discussed in the Legislative Guide (seeäÉMÉ°†j’G äÉÑ∏W áédÉ©e äGAGôLG ∂dP »a ɪH ,á«∏gCÓd ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG ¿CÉ°ûH á«FGôL’G äGƒ£îdG
chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 43 and 44). The Legislative Guide suggests thatøe 7 IOɪdG »a É¡«∏Y ´ÓW’G øµªj ,¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e äÓgDƒe ¿CÉ°ûH IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG QGô≤H ≥∏©àj ɪ«a ìÉ°üa’G äÉ«°†à≤eh
countries that wish to provide some incentive to national suppliers may wish to apply such preferences.7-2 äGô≤ØdG ,AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG
in the form of special evaluation criteria, rather than by a blanket exclusion of foreign suppliers. In(12)
any event, where domestic preferences are envisaged, they should be announced in advance, preferably in the invitation to the pre-selection proceedings.10 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects»eó≤ªd á°UÉN á∏eÉ©e πصJ hCG á«æWƒdG äÉfÉ«µ∏d á«∏«°†ØàdG á∏eÉ©ªdG øe Ée ´ƒf ≈∏Y ¿Gó∏ÑdG ¢†©H ø«fGƒb ¢üf
2. Unless otherwise [authorized by . . . [the enacting State indicates the relevant authority] and] stated in the pre-selection documents, each member of a consortium may participate, either directly or indirectly, in only one consortium 13 at the same time. A violation of this rule shall cause the disqualification of the consortium and of the individual members.á«∏°†aC’G íæe É¡Mô£j »àdG áØ∏àîªdG πFÉ°ùªdG á°ûbÉæe OôJh .á«∏ëe ádɪY hCG á«æWh ™∏°S ΩGóîà°SÉH ¿hó¡©àj øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG
3.»a á«∏ëªdG äÉ°ù°SDƒª∏d»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ô¶fG)"RÉ``«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG" ô«°ûjh .
When considering the qualifications of bidding consortia, the contracting authority shall consider the capabilities of each of the consortium(44h 43 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,π«dódG
members and assess whether the combined qualifications of the consortium members are adequate to meet the needs of all phases of the project. Model provision 9. Decision on pre-selection (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 17 (for para. 2) and chap. III, paras. 47-50) 1. The contracting authority shall make a decision with respect to the qualifications of each bidder that has submitted an application for preselection. In reaching that decision, the contracting authority shall apply only the criteria that are set forth in the pre-selection documents. All pre-selected bidders shall thereafter be invited by the contracting authority to submit proposals in accordance with model provisions 10-17. 2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, the contracting authority may, provided that it has made an appropriate statement in the pre-selection documents»©jô°ûàdGπµ°T »a iôMC’ÉH äÓ«°†ØàdG √òg ≥«Ñ£J OƒJ ób ø««æWƒdG øjOQƒª∏d õaGƒëdG ¢†©H ô«aƒJ »a ÖZôJ »àdG ¿Gó∏ÑdG ¿CG ≈dEG
to that effect, reserve the right to request proposals upon completion of the preselection proceedings only from a limited numberÉ¡æY ø∏©j ¿CG ,á«∏ëe äÓ«°†ØJ íæe OGôj ɪã«M ,∫ÉM ...CG ≈∏Y »¨Ñæjh .ÖfÉLC’G øjOQƒª∏d πeÉ°T OÉ©Ñà°SÉH ’ á°UÉN º««≤J ô«jÉ©e
14.»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG ≈dEG IƒYódG »a ∂dP ¿ƒµj ¿CG π°†Øjh ,É≤Ñ°ùe-2ô«Z hCG ô°TÉÑe πµ°ûH ∑ôà°ûj ¿CG Ée äÉcô°T OÉëJG AÉ°†YCG øe ƒ°†Y ...C’ Rƒéj ’
of bidders that best meet[ ºd Ée ,¬JGP âbƒdG »a óMGh OÉëJG øe ôãcCG »a ô°TÉÑe ... øe ∂dòH ÉfhPCÉe øµj[ádhódG ø«ÑJ
the pre-selection criteria.á°üàîªdG á£∏°ùdG áYôà°ûªdG.
For this purpose, the contracting authority shall rate»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh »a ∂dP ±ÓN ≈∏Y ¢üæj ]h ]
the bidders that meet the pre-selection criteria on the basis of the criteria(13)
applied to assess their qualifications and draw up the list of bidders that will...CG »°†Øjh
be invited to submit proposals upon completion of the pre-selection proceedings..
In drawing up the list, the contracting authority shall apply only the¬FÉ°†YCG øe πc á«∏gCGh OÉëJ’G á«∏gCG É≤°SG ≈dEG IóYÉ≤dG √ò¡d ∑É¡àfG
manner of rating that is set forth in the pre-selection documents.-3á£∏°ùdG ô¶æJ ,¢Vhô©∏d áeó≤ªdG äÉcô°ûdG äGOÉëJG äÓ˘gDƒ˘e åë˘H ó˘æ˘Y
13 The rationale for prohibiting the participation of bidders in more than one consortium to submit proposals for the same project is to reduce the risk of leakage of information or collusion between competing consortia. Nevertheless, the model provision contemplates the possibility of ad hoc exceptions to this rule, for instance, in the event that only one company or only a limited number of companies could be expected to deliver a specific good or service essential for the implementation of the project.ᩪàée OÉëJ’G AÉ°†YCG äÓgDƒe âfÉc GPEG ɪ«ah OÉëJ’G AÉ°†YCG øe ƒ°†Y πc äGQób »a IóbÉ©àªdG
14.´hô°ûªdG πMGôe ™«ªL äÉLÉ«àMÉH AÉaƒ∏d á«aÉc
In some countries, practical guidance on selection procedures encourages domestic contractingô¶fG) »dhC
authorities to limit the prospective proposals to the lowest possible number sufficient to ensureC’G QÉ«àN’ÉH ¢UÉîdG QGô≤dG -9 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG17 á«°UƒàdG ,
meaningful competition (for example, three or four). The manner in which rating systems (in particular(50-47 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh (2 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH)
quantitative ones) may be used to arrive at such a range of bidders is discussed in the Legislative-1øjòdG ¢Vhô``©dG »eó``≤e øe πc äÓgDƒe ¿CÉ°ûH GQGôb IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG òîàJ
Guide (see chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, para. 48). It should be noted that the ratingô«jÉ©ªdG Ió``bÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≥Ñ£J QGô```≤dG ∂dP ≈dEG π°UƒàdG »ah .»dhC’G QÉ«àNÓd äÉÑ∏W Gƒeób
system is used solely for the purpose of the pre-selection of bidders.™«```ªL ∂dP ó```©H IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏```°ùdG ƒYóJh .
The ratings of the pre-selected§``≤a »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh »a IOóëªdG
bidders should not be taken into account at the stage of evaluation of proposals (see model provision 15), at which all pre-selected bidders should start out on an equal standing.Part two. Model legislative provisions 11ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah äÉ``MGôàbG ºjó≤J ≈dEG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G º¡˘«˘∏˘Y ™`bh ø`jò˘dG ¢Vhô`©˘dG »˘eó˘≤˘e
2..
Procedures for requesting proposals17 ≈dEG 10 á«LPƒªædG
Model provision 10. Single-stage and two-stage procedures for requesting proposals (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 18-2ób ¿ƒµJ ¿CG á£jô°Th ,1 Iô≤ØdG »a AÉL Ée ºZQ ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj
(for para. 1) and 19 (for paras. 2 and 3) and chap. III, paras. 51-58)ºjó≤J Ö∏W ô°üb »a ≥ëdÉH ßØàëJ ¿CG ,¢Vô¨dG Gò¡d ÉÑ°SÉæe ÉfÉ«H »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh âæ
1. The contracting authority shall provide a set of the request forsª°V
proposals and related documents issued in accordance with model provision 11Ohóëe OóY ≈∏Y ,»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG ΩɪJG óæY ,äÉMGôàb’G
to each pre-selected bidder that pays the price, if any, charged for those(14)
documents.¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe
2.IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y Öéj ,¢Vô¨dG Gò¡dh .
Notwithstanding the above, the contracting authority may use a twostage procedure to request proposals from pre-selected bidders when the contracting authority does not deem it to be feasible to describe in the request for»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ô«jÉ©ªd ¬Lh ø°ùMCG ≈∏Y ø«aƒà°ùªdG
proposals the characteristics of the project such as project specifications, performance indicators, financial arrangements or contractual terms in a mannerá≤Ñ£ªdG ô«jÉ©ªdG ¢SÉ°SCG ≈∏Y »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ô«jÉ©ªd ø«aƒà°ùªdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªd Ö«JôJ AGôLG
sufficiently detailed and precise to permit final proposals to be formulated.ΩɪJG óæY äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤J ≈dEG ¿ƒYó«°S øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªH áªFÉb OGóYGh º¡JÓgDƒe º««≤àd
3.≥«Ñ£J ≈∏Y ,áªFÉ≤dG √òg OGóYG »a ,ô°üà≤J ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Yh .
Where a two-stage procedure is used, the following provisions apply:»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG
(a) The initial request for proposals shall call upon the bidders to submit,.»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh »a áæ«ÑªdG Ö«JôàdG á≤jôW
in the first stage of the procedure, initial proposals relating to project specifications, performance indicators, financing requirements or other characteristics10
of the project as well as to the main contractual terms proposed by the contracting authority;¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
15(13)
(b) The contracting authority may convene meetings and hold discussions with any of the bidders to clarify questions concerning the initial requestäÉMGôàbG ºjó≤àd ¬JGP âbƒdG »a óMGh OÉëJG øe ôãcCG »a ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e ∑Gôà°TG ô¶ëd »≤£æªdG ¢SÉ°SC’G øªµj
for proposals or the initial proposals and accompanying documents submitted¿EÉa ,∂dP ™eh .á°ùaÉæàªdG äGOÉëJ’G ø«H DƒWGƒàdG hCG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG Öjô°ùJ ∫ɪàMG øe óëdG ≈∏Y πª©dG »a ,¬JGP ´hô°ûªdG ¿CÉ°ûH
by the bidders. The contracting authority shall prepare minutes of any suchiƒ°S ∑Éæg ¿ƒµj ’ ÉeóæY Óãe ∂dPh ,áæ«©e ä’ÉM »a IóYÉ≤dG √òg øe äGAÉæãà°SG AGôLG á«fɵe’ ’Éée ∑ôàj »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
meeting or discussion containing the questions raised and the clarifications.´hô°ûªdG ò«Øæàd ájQhô°V ¿ƒµJ áæ«©e áeóN hCG áYÉ°†H ºjó≤J É¡æe ™bƒàj ¿CG øµªj äÉcô°ûdG øe Ohóëe OóY hCG IóMGh ácô°T
provided by the contracting authority;(14)
(c) Following examination of the proposals received, the contractingOóY ô°üb ≈∏Y IóbÉ©àªdG äÉ£∏°ùdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLG øe É«∏ªY Ióªà°ùªdG äGOÉ°TQ’G ™é°ûJ ,¿Gó∏ÑdG ¢†©H »a
authority may review and, as appropriate, revise the initial request for proposals by deleting or modifying any aspect of the initial project specifications,Ωóîà°ùJ ¿CG øµªj »àdG á«Ø«µdG á°ûbÉæe OôJh .(á©HQCG hCG áKÓK Óãe) ...óéªdG ¢ùaÉæàdG ¿Éª°†d »Øµj OóY πbCG ≈∏Y áÑ≤JôªdG äÉMGôàb’G
performance indicators, financing requirements or other characteristics of the»a ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe áYƒªéªdG √òg ≈dEG π°Uƒà∏d (᫪µdG º¶ædG á°UÉNh) Ö«JôàdG º¶f É¡H»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ô¶fG)
project, including the main contractual terms, and any criterion for evaluating"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG".¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªd »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ¢Vô¨H §≤a Ωóîà°ùj Ö«JôàdG Ωɶf ¿CG ßMÓj ¿CG »¨Ñæjh .(48 Iô≤ØdG ,
and comparing proposals and for ascertaining the successful bidder, as set forthºµëdG ô¶fG) äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J á∏Môe »a QÉÑàY’G »a òNDƒj ¿CG »¨Ñæj ’ »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G º¡«∏Y ™bh øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e Ö«Jôàa
in the initial request for proposals, as well as by adding characteristics or.IGhÉ°ùªdG Ωób ≈∏Y ,»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G º¡«∏Y ™bh øjòdG ,¢Vhô©dG ƒeó≤e CGóÑj ¿CG É¡«a »¨Ñæj »àdG ,(15 »LPƒªædG-2äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W äGAGôLG
15äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏£d ø«à∏MôªdG äGAGôLGh IóMGƒdG á∏MôªdG äGAGôLG -10 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
In many cases, in particular for new types of project, the contracting authority may not be inô¶fG)»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG(3h 2 ø«Jô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 19h (1 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 18 ø«à«°UƒàdG ,
a position, at this stage, to have formulated a detailed draft of the contractual terms envisaged by it.(58-51 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh
Also, the contracting authority may find it preferable to develop such terms only after an initial round-1á∏°üdG äGP ≥FÉKƒdGh äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W πª°ûJ áYƒªée IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ôaƒJ
of consultations with the pre-selected bidders. In any event, however, it is important for the contracting authority, at this stage, to provide some indication of the key contractual terms of the concession»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G º¡«∏Y ™bh øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe πµd 11 »LPƒªædG ºµë∏d É≤ah IQOÉ°üdG
contract, in particular the way in which the project risks should be allocated between the parties under.É¡d ܃∏£e øªK áªK ¿Éc GPEG ,≥FÉKƒdG ∂∏àd ܃∏£ªdG øªãdG ¿ƒ©aój øjòdG
the concession contract. If this allocation of contractual rights and obligations is left entirely open-2äGP äGAGôLG Ωóîà°ùJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ,√ÓYCG OQh ɪe ºZôdG ≈∏Y
until after the issuance of the final request for proposals, the bidders may respond by seeking toiôJ ÉeóæY ,»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G º¡«∏Y ™bh øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏£d ø«à∏Môe
minimize the risks they accept, which may frustrate the purpose of seeking private investment forhCG ´hô°ûªdG äÉØ°UGƒe πãe ,´hô°ûªdG ¢üFÉ°üN ¿É«H É«∏ªY øµªªdG øe ¢ù«d ¬fCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG
developing the project (see chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 67-70; see also chap. II,øe ±Éc Qó≤H äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W »a ,ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdG hCG á«dɪdG äÉÑ«JôàdG hCG AGOC’G äGô°TDƒe
“Project risks and government support”, paras. 8-29).12 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.á«FÉ¡f äÉMGôàbG áZÉ«°U í«àj ábódGh π«°üØàdG
criteria to it. The contracting authority shall indicate in the record of the selection proceedings to be kept pursuant to model provision 26 the justification for-3:á«dÉàdG ΩɵMC’G ≥Ñ£J ,ø«à∏Môe øe äGAGôLG Ωóîà°ùJ ɪã«M
any revision to the request for proposals. Any such deletion, modification or(CG)á∏MôªdG »a ,Gƒeó≤j ¿CG ≈dEG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e »dhC’G äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W ƒYój
addition shall be communicated in the invitation to submit final proposals;¬∏jƒªJ äÉÑ«JôJ hCG ¬FGOCG äGô°TDƒe hCG ´hô°ûªdG äÉØ°UGƒªH ≥∏©àJ á«dhCG äÉMGôàbG ,äGAGôLE’G øe ≈dhC’G
(d) In the second stage of the proceedings, the contracting authority shall;IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øe áMôà≤ªdG á«°ù«FôdG ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdÉH ∂dòch ´hô°ûªdG ¢üFÉ°üN øe Égô«Z hCG
invite the bidders to submit final proposals with respect to a single set of(15)
project specifications, performance indicators or contractual terms in accordance with model provisions 11-17.(Ü)øe ...CG ™e äÉ°ûbÉæe ó≤©J ¿CGh äÉYɪàLG ≈dEG ƒYóJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj
Model provision 11. Content of the request for proposals (see the≥FÉKƒdGh á«dhC’G äÉMGôàb’ÉH hCG »dhC’G äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏£H ≥∏©àJ πFÉ°ùe í«°Vƒàd ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e
Legislative Guide, recommendation 20 and chap. III, paras. 59-70)äÉYɪàL’G √òg øe πµd Gô°†ëe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ó©Jh .¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e øe áeó≤ªdG á≤aGôªdG
To the extent not already required by [the enacting State indicates the;IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øe áeó≤ªdG äÉMÉ°†j’Gh IQÉãªdG πFÉ°ùªdG øª°†àj äÉ°ûbÉæªdG hCG
provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the content of(ê)¢Vô©à°ùJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ,IÉ≤∏àªdG äÉMGôàb’G ¢ü«ëªJ Ö≤Y
requests for proposals],ÖfGƒL øe ÖfÉL ...CG πjó©J hCG ±òëH ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ¬ëq≤æJ ¿CGh »dhC’G äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W
16»a ɪH ,¬°üFÉ°üN øe ∂dP ô«Z hCG á«dhC’G ¬∏jƒªJ äÉÑ«JôJ hCG ¬FGOCG äGô°TDƒe hCG ´hô°ûªdG äÉØ°UGƒe
the request for proposals shall include at least the¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e ójóëàdh É¡àfQÉ≤eh äÉMGôàb’G º««≤àd QÉ«©e ...CGh á«°ù«FôdG ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdG ∂dP
following information:.¬«dEG ô«jÉ©e hCG ¢üFÉ°üN áaÉ°VEÉH ∂dòch ,»dhC’G äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W »a ø«Ñe ƒg Ée Ö°ùM ,õFÉØdG
(a) General information as may be required by the bidders in order to26 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉH ÓªY ¬¶ØM ø«©àj ...òdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG πé°S »a IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«ÑJh
prepare and submit their proposals;π«Ñ≤dG Gòg øe áaÉ°VEG hCG πjó©J hCG ±òM ...CÉH QÉ©°TE’G Öéjh .äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏£d πjó©J ...C’ QôѪdG
17;á«FÉ¡ædG äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤J ≈dEG IƒYódG »a
(b) Project specifications and performance indicators, as appropriate,á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
including the contracting authority’s requirements regarding safety and11
security standards and environmental protection;(15)
18√òg »a ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ¿ƒµJ ’ ób ,™jQÉ°ûªdG øe IójóL ´GƒfCÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a á°UÉNh ,ä’ÉëdG øe ô«ãc »a
(c) The contractual terms proposed by the contracting authority, including an indication of which terms are deemed to be non-negotiable;¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG óéJ ób ∂dòc .ÉgÉNƒàJ »àdG ájóbÉ©àdG hô°û∏d É«∏«°üØJ ÉYhô°ûe ÉØ∏°S ó©J ¿CG øe É¡æqµªj ™°Vh »a ,á∏MôªdG
(d) The criteria for evaluating proposals and the thresholds, if any, set by the contracting authority for identifying non-responsive proposals; the relative weight to be accorded to each evaluation criterion; and the manner in which the criteria and thresholds are to be applied in the evaluation and rejection of¿CG ô«Z .»dhC’G QÉ«àN’G º¡«∏Y ™≤j øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e ™e äGQhÉ°ûªdG øe á«dhCG ádƒL ó©H ’EG hô°ûdG √òg ó©J ’CG π°†aC’G øe
proposals.ó≤©d á«°SÉ°SC’G ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdG øY äÉMÉ°†jE’G ¢†©H Ωó≤J ¿CG ,∫GƒMC’G ...CG ≈∏Y ,á∏MôªdG √òg »a IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d º¡ªdG øe
Model provision 12.™jRƒàdG Gòg ∑ôJ GPEG ¬fCG ∂dP .
Bid securities (see the Legislative Guide,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ≈°†à≤ªH ø«aô£dG ø«H ´hô°ûªdG ôWÉîe ™jRƒJ É¡H »¨Ñæj »àdG á≤jô£dG á°UÉNh ,RÉ«àe’G
chap. III, para. 62)≈dEG π«∏≤àdG ≈dEG ¢Vhô©dG ƒeó≤e ≈©°ùj ó≤a ,»FÉ¡ædG äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W QGó°UEG ó©H Ée ≈dEG á«∏c ÉMƒàØe ájóbÉ©àdG äÉeGõàd’Gh ¥ƒ≤ë∏d
1. The request for proposals shall set forth the requirements with respect to the issuer and the nature, form, amount and other principal terms and,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ô¶fG) ´hô°ûªdG OGóYE’ ¢UÉîdG Qɪãà°S’G ¢SɪàdG ±óg §Ñëj ób Ée ƒgh ,É¡fƒ∏Ñ≤j »àdG ôWÉîªdG øe óM ≈fOCG
conditions of the required bid security."RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG" ,»fÉãdG π°üØdG É°†jCG ô¶fG ;70-67 äGô≤ØdG ,".(29-8 äGô≤ØdG ,»eƒµëdG ºYódGh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe(O)¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ƒYóJ ,äGAGôLE’G øe á«fÉãdG á∏MôªdG »a
16¬FGOCG äGô°TDƒe hCG ´hô°ûªdG äÉØ°UGƒe øe IóMGh áYƒªéªH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a á«FÉ¡f äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤J ≈dEG
A list of elements typically contained in a request for proposals for services can be found in.17 ≈dEG 11 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah ájóbÉ©àdG ¬Whô°T hCG
article 38 of the Model Procurement Law.ô¶fG) äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W ¿ƒª°†e -11 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG20 á«°UƒàdG ,
17(70-59 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh
A list of the elements that should be provided can be found in the Legislative Guide,É¡àWôà°TG ób øµJ ºd GPEG ∂dPh ,πbC’G ≈∏Y á«dÉàdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W øª°†àj
chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 61 and 62.[ πÑb øe¿ƒª°†e OóëJ »àdG AGôà°T’G äGAGôLEÉH á°UÉîdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ÚÑJ
18äÉMGôàb’G äÉÑ∏W:]
See the Legislative Guide, chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 64-66.Part two. Model legislative provisions 13(16)
2. A bidder shall not forfeit any bid security that it may have been(CG)OGóYEG πLCG øe ¢Vhô©dG ƒeó≤e É¡«dEG êÉàëj ób »à˘dG á˘eɢ©˘dG äɢeƒ˘∏˘©˘ª˘dG
required to provide, other than in cases of:;É¡ªjó≤Jh º¡JÉMGôàbG
19(17)
(a) Withdrawal or modification of a proposal after the deadline for submission of proposals and, if so stipulated in the request for proposals, before(Ü)∂dP »a ɪH ,AÉ°†à˘b’G Ö°ùM ,AGOC’G äGô˘°TDƒ˘eh ´hô˘°ûª˘dG äÉ˘Ø˘°UGƒ˘e
that deadline;;áÄ«ÑdG ájɪMh øeC’Gh áeÓ°ùdG ô«jÉ©e ¿CÉ°ûH IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG äÉÑ∏£àe
(b) Failure to enter into final negotiations with the contracting authority(18)
pursuant to model provision 17, paragraph 1;(ê)ôÑà©J »àdG hô°ûdG ¿É«ÑJ ™e IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG É¡Môà≤J »àdG ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdG
(c) Failure to submit its best and final offer within the time limit;¢VhÉØà∏d á∏HÉb ô«Z
prescribed by the contracting authority pursuant to model provision 17,(O)ÖfÉL øe IOóëe äÉÑàY øe ∑Éæg ¿ƒµj ób Éeh äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J ô«jÉ©e
paragraph 2;,É¡æe QÉ«©e πµd íæªj ...òdG »Ñ°ùædG ¿RƒdGh ,áÑ«éà°ùªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G ójóëàd IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG
(d) Failure to sign the concession contract, if required by the contracting.ÉgOÉ©Ñà°SGh äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J »a äÉÑà©dGh ô«jÉ©ªdG É¡H ≥Ñ£J »àdG á≤jô£dGh
authority to do so, after the proposal has been accepted;ô``¶fG) ¢Vhô````©dG äÉ``fɪ°V -12 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π``«dódG,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,
(e) Failure to provide required security for the fulfilment of the concession contract after the proposal has been accepted or to comply with any other(62 Iô≤ØdG
condition prior to signing the concession contract specified in the request for-1IQó°üªdG á¡édÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a äÉWGôà°T’G äÉMGôàb’G º˘jó˘≤˘J Ö∏˘W Oó˘ë˘j
proposals..á«°ù«FôdG ¬eɵMCGh ¬Whô°T ôFÉ°Sh √QGó≤eh ¬∏µ°Th ¿Éª°†dG ∂dP á©«Ñ£Hh ܃∏£ªdG ¢Vô©dG ¿Éª°†d
Model provision 13. Clarifications and modifications (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 21 and chap. III, paras. 71 and 72)12
The contracting authority may, whether on its own initiative or as a result¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
of a request for clarification by a bidder, review and, as appropriate, revise any(16)
element of the request for proposals as set forth in model provision 11. The¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe 38 IOɪdG »a äÉeóN ºjó≤àd äÉMGôàbG Ö∏W »a IOÉY OôJ »àdG ô°UÉæ©dÉH áªFÉb ≈∏Y ´ÓW’G øµªj
contracting authority shall indicate in the record of the selection proceedings.AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG
to be kept pursuant to model provision 26 the justification for any revision to(17)
the request for proposals. Any such deletion, modification or addition shall be»a É¡ªjó≤J »¨Ñæj »àdG ô°UÉæ©dÉH áªFÉb ≈∏Y ´ÓW’G øµªj»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG
communicated to the bidders in the same manner as the request for proposalsRÉ«àe’G".62h 61 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,
at a reasonable time prior to the deadline for submission of proposals.(18)
Model provision 14. Evaluation criteria (see the Legislative Guide,ô¶fG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG".66-64 äGô≤ØdG ,-2ô«Z »a ,¬ªjó≤J ¬æe Ö∏W ób ¿ƒµj ¢Vô©∏˘d ¿É˘ª˘°V ...CG ¢Vô```©˘dG Ωó˘≤˘e ô˘°ùî˘j ’
recommendations 22 (for para. 1) and 23 (for para. 2) and chap. III,:á«dÉàdG ä’ÉëdG
paras. 73-77)(19)
1. The criteria for the evaluation and comparison of the technical proposals(CG),∂dòch ,äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤àd OóëªdG πLC’G ó©H ¬∏jó©J hCG ìGôàb’G Öë°S
20;πLC’G ∂dP πÑb ,äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤J Ö∏W »a ∂dP ≈∏Y
shall include at least the following:s¢üof GPEG
(a) Technical soundness; (b) Compliance with environmental standards; (c) Operational feasibility; (d) Quality of services and measures to ensure their continuity. 19 General provisions on bid securities can be found in art. 32 of the Model Procurement Law. 20 See the Legislative Guide, chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, para. 74.14 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects 2. The criteria for the evaluation and comparison of the financial and commercial proposals 21 shall include, as appropriate:(Ü)ºµëdÉH ÓªY IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ™e á«FÉ¡f äÉ°VhÉØe »a ∫ƒNódG øY ∞∏îàdG
(a) The present value of the proposed tolls, unit prices and other charges;1 Iô≤ØdG ,17 »LPƒªædG
over the concession period;(ê)ÉgOóëJ »àdG á«æeõdG á∏¡ªdG ∫ÓN ¬jód »FÉ¡f ¢VôY π°†aCG ºjó≤J øY ∞∏îàdG
(b) The present value of the proposed direct payments by the contracting;2 Iô≤ØdG ,17 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉH ÓªY IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG
authority, if any;(O)ó©H ,∂dP IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ¬æe âÑ∏W GPEG ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ™«bƒJ øY ∞∏îàdG
(c) The costs for design and construction activities, annual operation and;ìGôàb’G ∫ƒÑb
maintenance costs, present value of capital costs and operating and maintenance costs;(`g)hCG ìGôàb’G ∫ƒÑb ó©H RÉ«àe’G ó≤©H AÉaƒ∏d ܃∏£ªdG ¿Éª°†dG ºjó≤J øY ∞∏îàdG
(d) The extent of financial support, if any, expected from a public.RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ™«bƒJ πÑb ,äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W »a ¬«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæe ôNBG ô°T ...C’ ∫Éãàe’G øY
authority of [the enacting State];ô¶fG) äÓjó©àdGh äÉMÉ°†jEE’G -13 »LPƒª˘æ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG21 á«°Uƒà˘dG ,
(e) The soundness of the proposed financial arrangements;(72 h 71 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh
(f) The extent of acceptance of the negotiable contractual terms¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e óMCG øe Ö∏W ≈∏Y AÉæH hCG É¡æe IQOÉѪH ,IóbÉ©àª˘dG á˘£˘∏˘°ù∏˘d Rƒ˘é˘j
proposed by the contracting authority in the request for proposals;ºµëdG »a ¬«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæªdG äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W »a ô¶ædG 󫩢J ¿CG ,äɢMɢ°†jEG ≈˘∏˘Y ∫ƒ˘°üë˘∏˘d
(g) The social and economic development potential offered by the»a IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«ÑJh .AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,√ô°UÉæY øe ô°üæY ...CG ∫qó©J ¿CGh ,11 »LPƒªædG
proposals.Ö∏£d πjó©J ...C’ QôѪdG 26 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉH ÓªY ¬¶ØM ø«©àj ...òdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG πé°S
Model provision 15. Comparison and evaluation of proposalsá≤jô£dG ¢ùØæH π«Ñ≤dG Gòg øe áaÉ°VEG hCG πjó©J hCG ±òM ...CÉH ¢Vhô©dG ƒeó≤e ≠s∏Ñ
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 24 and chap. III,o
paras.jh .
78-82)äÉMGôàb’G
1..
The contracting authority shall compare and evaluate each proposal∫ƒ≤©e âbƒH äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤àd OóëªdG πLC’G πÑb äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏£H º¡ZÓHEG É¡H ºJ »àdG
in accordance with the evaluation criteria, the relative weight accorded to eachô¶fG) º««≤àdG ô«jÉ©e -14 »LPƒª˘æ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG22 ø«à«°Uƒà˘dG ,
such criterion and the evaluation process set forth in the request for proposals.(77-73 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh (2 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 23h (1 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH)
2. For the purposes of paragraph 1, the contracting authority may establish thresholds with respect to quality, technical, financial and commercial-1á«æ≤àdG äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J ô«jÉ©e πª°ûJ
aspects. Proposals that fail to achieve the thresholds shall be regarded as nonresponsive and rejected from the selection procedure.(20)
22:»∏j Ée πbC’G ≈∏Y É¡æ«H áfQÉ≤ªdGh
Model provision 16. Further demonstration of fulfilment of qualification criteria (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 25 and(CG);á«æ≤àdG áeÓ°ùdG
chap. III, paras. 78-82)(Ü);á«Ä«ÑdG ô«jÉ©ª∏d ∫Éãàe’G
The contracting authority may require any bidder that has been preselected to demonstrate again its qualifications in accordance with the same(ê);»∏ª©dG 𫨰ûàdG á«fɵeEG
21(O).É¡àjQGôªà°SG ø«eCÉJ ô«HGóJh äÉeóîdG á«Yƒf
See the Legislative Guide, chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 75-77.á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
2213
This model provision offers an example of an evaluation process that a contracting authority(19) .AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe 32 IOɪdG »a ¢Vhô©dG äÉfɪ°V ¿CÉ°ûH áeÉ©dG ΩɵMC’G ≈∏Y ´ÓW’G øµªj
may wish to apply to compare and evaluate proposals for privately financed infrastructure projects.(20)
Alternative evaluation processes such as a two-step evaluation process or the two-envelope system areô¶fG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG".74 Iô≤ØdG ,-2,É¡æ«H áfQÉ```≤ªdGh ájQÉ``éàdGh á«dɪdG äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J ô«˘jɢ©˘e π˘ª˘°ûJ
described in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 79-82. In(21) :AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM (CG)øe Égô«Zh äGóMƒdG QÉ©°SCGh ¢SƒµªdG øe ìôà≤e ƒg ɪd ᫢dɢë˘dG á˘ª˘«˘≤˘dG
contrast to the process set forth in this model provision, the processes described in the Legislative;RÉ«àe’G Iôàa ∫GƒW Ωƒ°SôdG (Ü)á£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe Iô°TÉÑe äÉYƒaóe øe ìôà≤e ƒg ɢª˘d ᢫˘dɢë˘dG á˘ª˘«˘≤˘dG
Guide are designed to allow the contracting authority to compare and evaluate the non-financial;äóLh ¿EG ,IóbÉ©àªdG (ê),áfÉ«°üdGh 𫨰ûà∏d ájƒæ°ùdG ∞«dɵàdGh ,ó««°ûàdGh º«ª°üàdG ᣰûfCG ∞˘«˘dɢµ˘J
criteria separately from the financial criteria so as to avoid situations where undue weight would be;áfÉ«°üdGh 𫨰ûàdG ∞«dɵJh á«dɪ°SCGôdG ∞«dɵà∏d á«dÉëdG ᪫≤dGh (O)á«eƒ```ªY á£``∏°S øe ™````bƒ˘àŸG ,ó```Lh ¿EG ,»˘dɢª˘dG º```Yó˘dG QGó˘≤˘e
given to certain elements of the financial criteria (such as the unit price) to the detriment of the nonfinancial criteria. In order to ensure the integrity, transparency and predictability of the evaluation[áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d;]
stage of the selection proceedings, it is recommended that the enacting State set forth in its law the(`g);áMôà≤ªdG á«dɪdG äÉÑ«JôàdG áeÓ°S (h)á£∏°ùdG øe áMôà≤ªdG ¢VhÉØà∏d á∏HÉ≤dG ájóbɢ©˘à˘dG hô˘°ûdɢH ∫ƒ˘Ñ˘≤˘dG ió˘e
evaluation processes that contracting authorities may use to compare and evaluate proposals and the;äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W »a IóbÉ©àªdG (R).äÉMGôàb’G É¡ë«àJ »àdG ájOÉ°üàb’Gh á«YɪàL’G ᫪æàdG äÉfɵeEG
details of the application of this process.Part two. Model legislative provisions 15ô¶fG) É¡æ«H áfQÉ≤ªdGh äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J -15 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG24 á«°UƒàdG ,
criteria used for pre-selection. The contracting authority shall disqualify any(82-78 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh
bidder that fails to demonstrate again its qualifications if requested to do so.-1,º««≤àdG ô«jÉ©ªd É≤ah äÉMGôàb’G ø«H ¿QÉ≤Jh ìGôàbG πc IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ºq
23«≤J
Model provision 17..
Final negotiations (see the Legislative Guide,äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W »a ø«Ñe ƒg ɪѰùM º««≤àdG á«∏ªYh ,QÉ«©e πµd ìƒæªªdG »Ñ°ùædG ¿RƒdGh
recommendations 26 (for para. 1) and 27 (for para. 2) and chap. III,-2≥∏©àj ɪ«a äÉÑàY OóëJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏˘d Rƒ˘é˘j ,1 Iô˘≤˘Ø˘dG ¢VGô˘ZC’
paras.∂∏J ƃ∏H øY ô°ü≤J »àdG äÉMGôàb’G ôÑà©Jh .
83 and 84)ájQÉéàdGh á«dɪdGh á«æ≤àdG ÖfGƒé˘dɢHh ᢫˘Yƒ˘æ˘dɢH
1..
The contracting authority shall rank all responsive proposals on theQÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG øe ó©Ñà°ùJh äÉÑ∏£àª∏d áÑ«éà°ùe ô«Z äÉÑà©dG
basis of the evaluation criteria and invite for final negotiation of the concession(22)
contract the bidder that has attained the best rating. Final negotiations shall notô¶fG) π«gCCÉàdG ô«jÉ©e AÉØ«à°SG ≈∏Y »aÉ°V’G äÉÑK’G -16 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
concern those contractual terms, if any, that were stated as non-negotiable in(82-78 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 25 á«°UƒàdG
the final request for proposals.√QÉ```«àNG º````J ¢Vô©d Ωó```≤e ...CG øe Ö∏````£J ¿CG IóbÉ````©àªdG á£∏``°ù∏d Rƒ``éj
2..
If it becomes apparent to the contracting authority that the negotiations with the bidder invited will not result in a concession contract, the»dhC’G QÉ``«àNÓd áeó````îà°ùªdG ô«jÉ©ªdG ¢ù```Øæd É≤ah á«fÉK ¬JÓgDƒe âÑãj ¿CG É«dhCG GQÉ«àNG
contracting authority shall inform the bidder of its intention to terminate the14
negotiations and give the bidder reasonable time to formulate its best and final¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
offer. If the contracting authority does not find that proposal acceptable, it shall(21)
terminate the negotiations with the bidder concerned.ô¶fG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG".
The contracting authority77-75 äGô≤ØdG ,
shall then invite for negotiations the other bidders in the order of their ranking(22)
until it arrives at a concession contract or rejects all remaining proposals. TheäÉMGôàb’G áfQÉ≤eh º««≤àd É¡≤«Ñ£J »a IóbÉ©àe á£∏°S ÖZôJ ób º««≤J á«∏ª©d ’Éãe »LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg Ωó≤j
contracting authority shall not resume negotiations with a bidder with whichΩɶf hCG ø«Jƒ£îdG äGP º««≤àdG á«∏ªY πãe ,á∏jóH º««≤J äÉ«∏ªY áªKh .¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ád qƒªªdG ᫢à˘ë˘à˘dG ᢫˘æ˘Ñ˘dG ™˘jQɢ°ûª˘d
negotiations have been terminated pursuant to this paragraph.»a É¡Ø°Uh Oôj ,ø«ahô¶ªdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG"áæ«ÑªdG á«∏ª©∏d ÉaÓîa .82-79 äGô≤ØdG ,
3. Negotiation of concession contracts without»a É¡fÉ«H OQGƒdG äÉ«∏ª©dÉH OGôj ,»LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg »a»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGô«Z ô«jÉ©ªdG áfQÉ≤eh º««≤J øe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«µªJ
competitive proceduresô©°S πãe) á«dɪdG ô«jÉ©ªdG ô°UÉæY ¢†©Ñd »¨Ñæj ɪe ôÑcCG ¿Rh É¡«a ≈£©j ¿CG øµªj ´É°VhCG Öæéàd á«dɪdG ô«jÉ©ªdG øY ∫õ©ªH á«dɪdG
Model provision 18. Circumstances authorizing award without competitive procedures (see recommendation 28 and chap. III, para. 89)ádhódG OóëJ ¿CÉH ≈°Uƒj ,É¡H DƒÑæàdG á«fɵeEGh É¡à«aÉØ°Th º««≤àdG á«∏ªY ágGõf ¿Éª°†dh .á«dɪdG ô«Z ô«jÉ©ªdG ÜÉ°ùM ≈∏Y (IóMƒdG
Subject to approval by [the enacting State indicates the relevant authority],≥«Ñ£J π«°UÉØJ ¿É«H ™e äÉMGôàb’G º««≤Jh áfQÉ≤ªd IóbÉ©àªdG äÉ£∏°ùdG É¡eóîà°ùJ ¿CG Rƒéj »àdG º««≤àdG äÉ«∏ªY É¡fƒfÉb »a áYôà°ûªdG
24.á«∏ª©dG √ògÖ∏W GPEG á«fÉK ¬JÓgDƒe äÉÑKG øY ∞∏``îàj ¢Vô```©d Ωó≤e ...CG á«∏gCG IóbÉ``©àªdG á£∏``°ùdG §≤°ùJh
the contracting authority is authorized to negotiate a concession contract.∂`dP ¬``«dG
without using the procedure set forth in model provisions 6 to 17 in the following cases:(23)
23ô¶fG) á«FÉ¡ædG äÉ°VhÉتdG -17 »˘LPƒ˘ª˘æ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dó˘dG26 ø«à«°Uƒ˘à˘dG ,
Where pre-qualification proceedings have been engaged in, the criteria shall be the same as(84h 83 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh (2 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 27h (1 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH)
those used in the pre-qualification proceedings.-1≈∏Y äÉÑ∏£àª∏d áÑ«éà°ùªdG äÉMGôàb’G ™«ªL Ö«JôJ IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG OóëJ
24á«FÉ¡f äÉ°VhÉØe ≈dEG Ö«JôàdG »a áLQO π°†aCG RÉM ...òdG ¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e ƒYóJh ,º««≤àdG ô«jÉ©e ¢SÉ°SCG
The rationale for subjecting the award of the concession contract without competitive procedures to the approval of a higher authority is to ensure that the contracting authority engages in»a äôcP »àdG ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdG á«FÉ¡ædG äÉ°VhÉتdG ∫hÉæàJ ¿CG Rƒéj ’h .RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ¿CÉ°ûH
direct negotiations with bidders only in the appropriate circumstances (see the Legislative Guide,.äóLh ¿EG ,É¡fCÉ°ûH ¢VhÉØà∏d á∏HÉb ô«Z hô°T É¡fCG ≈∏Y »FÉ¡ædG äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W
chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 85-96). The model provision therefore suggests that-2ƒYóªdG ¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e ™e äÉ°VhÉتdG ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d 샰VƒH ô¡X GPEG
the enacting State indicate a relevant authority that is competent to authorize negotiations in all casesäÉ°VhÉتdG AÉ¡fEG É¡eGõàYÉH ¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e º∏©J ¿CG É¡«∏©a ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ΩGôHEG ≈dEG ...ODƒJ ød ¢VhÉØà∏d
set forth in the model provision.ìGôàb’G ∂dP IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG óéJ ºd GPEÉa .
The enacting State may provide, however, for different approval¬jód »FÉ¡f ¢VôY π°†aCG ƃ°üd ’ƒ≤©e Éàbh ¬«£©J ¿CGh
requirements for each subparagraph of the model provision.≈dEG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ƒYóJ ºK .
In some cases, for instance, the enacting»æ©ªdG ¢Vô©dG Ωó≤e ™e äÉ°VhÉتdG »¡æJ ¿CG É¡«∏©a ,’ƒÑ≤e
State may provide that the authority to engage in such negotiations derives directly from the law. In¢†aôJ hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ≈dEG π°üJ ¿CG ≈dEG º¡JÉLQO Ö«Jôàd É≤ah øjôNB’G ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e ¢VhÉØàdG
other cases, the enacting State may make the negotiations subject to the approval of different higherâ«¡fCG ¢VôY Ωó≤e ™e ¢VhÉØàdG OhÉ©J ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ’h .É¡∏c äÉMGôàb’G á«≤H
authorities, depending on the nature of the services to be provided or the infrastructure sector concerned..
In those cases, the enacting State may need to adapt the model provision to these approvalIô≤ØdG √ò¡H ÓªY ¬©e äÉ°VhÉتdG
requirements by adding the particular approval requirement to the subparagraph concerned, or by-3á«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLEG ¿hO RÉ«àeG Oƒ≤Y ≈∏Y ¢VhÉØàdG
adding a reference to provisions of its law where these approval requirements are set forth.16 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsô¶fG) á«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLEEG ¿hóH RÉ«àeG íæe õ«éJ »àdG ±hô¶dG -18 »LPƒªædG ºµëdGπ«dódG
(a) When there is an urgent need for ensuring continuity in the provision»©jô°ûàdG(89 Iô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 28 á«°UƒàdG ,
of the service and engaging in the procedures set forth in model provisions 6[ ... á≤aGƒªH ÉægQá°üàîªdG á£∏°ùdG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ]
to 17 would be impractical, provided that the circumstances giving rise to the(24)
urgency were neither foreseeable by the contracting authority nor the result ofIóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj
dilatory conduct on its part;6 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G »a IOóëªdG äGAGôLE’G ΩGóîà°SG ¿hó``H RÉ```«àeG ó`≤Y ¿CÉ``°ûH ¢VhÉ`ØàdG
(b) Where the project is of short duration and the anticipated initial:á«dÉàdG ä’ÉëdG »a 17 ≈dEG
investment value does not exceed the amount [of [the enacting State specifies aá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
monetary ceiling]] [set forth in [the enacting State indicates the provisions of its15
laws that specify the monetary threshold below which a privately financed(23)
infrastructure project may be awarded without competitive procedures]];É¡JGP »g áeóîà°ùªdG ô«jÉ©ªdG ¿ƒµJ ¿CG ø«©àj ,äô°TƒH ób á«∏gCÓd ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉ˘Ñ˘K’G äGAGô˘LG ¿ƒ˘µ˘J ɢeó˘æ˘Y
25.á«∏gCÓd ≥Ñ°ùªdG äÉÑK’G äGAGôLG »a áeóîà°ùªdG
(c) Where the project involves national defence or national security;(24)
(d) Where there is only one source capable of providing the required»NƒJ »a É«∏Y á£∏°S á≤aGƒªd á«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLEG ΩGóîà°SG ¿hóH RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y íæe ´É°†NE’ »≤£æªdG ¢SÉ°SC’G øªµj
service, such as when the provision of the service requires the use of intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights owned or possessed by aô¶fG) áÑ°SÉæªdG ±hô¶dG »a ’EG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e ™e Iô°TÉÑe äÉ°VhÉØe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ...ôéJ ’CG ¿Éª°V»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdG ,
certain person or persons;,ådÉãdG"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG"É¡d á°üàîe á£∏°S áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OóëJ ¿CG »LPƒªædG ºµëdG ìôà≤j ∂dòd .(96-85 äGô≤ØdG ,
(e) In cases of unsolicited proposals falling under model provision 23; (f) When an invitation to the pre-selection proceedings or a request for proposals has been issued but no applications or proposals were submitted or all proposals failed to meet the evaluation criteria set forth in the request for proposals and if, in the judgement of the contracting authority, issuing a new invitation to the pre-selection proceedings and a new request for proposals would be unlikely to result in a project award within a required time frame; 26 (g) In other cases where the [the enacting State indicates the relevant authority] authorizes such an exception for compelling reasons of public≈∏Y ¢üæJ ¿CG áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d Rƒéj ∂dP ™eh .»LPƒªædG ºµëdG »a áæ«ÑªdG ä’ÉëdG ™«ªL »a äÉ°VhÉتdÉH ¿PE’G á«MÓ°U
interest.á£∏°S ¿CG ≈∏Y ¢üæJ ¿CG É¡d Rƒéj ,Óãe ,ä’ÉëdG ¢†©H »Øa .»LPƒªædG ºµëdG øe á«Yôa Iô≤a πµd áÑ°ùædÉH á≤aGƒª∏d áØ∏àîe hô°T
27äÉ£∏°S á≤aGƒªd äÉ°VhÉتdG ™°†îJ ¿CG ,iôNCG ä’ÉM »a ,É¡d Rƒéjh .¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe Iô°TÉÑe Ióªà°ùe äÉ°VhÉتdG √òg πãe AGôLG
Model provision 19. Procedures for negotiation of a concession contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 29 and chap. III,ádhódG êÉàëJ ób ,ä’ÉëdG ∂∏J »ah .»æ©ªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´É£≤d hCG É¡ªjó≤J ܃∏£ªdG äÉeóîdG á©«Ñ£d É©ÑJ ,áØ∏àîe É«∏Y
para. 90)hCG ,á«æ©ªdG á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ≈dEG á≤aGƒª∏d á°UÉîdG hô°ûdG áaÉ°VEÉH √òg á≤aGƒªdG hô°T ™e »LPƒªædG ºµëdG áeAGƒe ≈dEG áYôà°ûªdG
Where a concession contract is negotiated without using the procedures.√òg á≤aGƒªdG hô°T É¡«a äOóM »àdG É¡fƒfÉb ΩɵMCG ≈dEG IQÉ°TEG áaÉ°VEÉH(CG),á«æ©ªdG áeóîdG ºjó≤J ájQGôªà°SG ¿Éª°V ≈dEG á∏LÉY áLÉM ∑Éæg ¿ƒµJ ÉeóæY
set forth in model provisions 6-17 the contracting authority shall:,É«∏ªY á浪e ô«Z 17 ≈dEG 6 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G »a IOóëªdG äGAGôLE’G Iô°TÉÑe ¿ƒµJ ºK øeh
28á£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe É¡©qbƒJ øµªj ¿Éc ÉahôX á∏é©dG √òg â°†àbG »àdG ±hô¶dG ¿ƒµJ ’CG á£jô°T
(a) Except for concession contracts negotiated pursuant to model provision 18, subparagraph (c), cause a notice of its intention to commence;É¡ÑfÉL øe A»£H ±ô°üJ áé«àf ’h IóbÉ©àªdG (Ü)≠∏Ñe á©bƒàªdG »dhC’G Qɪãà°S’G ᪫b RhÉéàJ ºdh IóªdG ô«°üb ´hô°ûªdG ¿Éc GPEG
25[ ...[...ó≤ædG ≠∏Ѫ∏d ≈°übCG GóM áYôà°ûªdG ádhó˘dG Oó˘ë˘J]][ ... »a Oóëª˘dG[ádhódG ÚÑJ
As an alternative to the exclusion provided for in subparagraph (b), the enacting State mayá«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe OÉæ°SEG É¡fhO ɪ«a Rƒéj »àdG ájó≤ædG áÑà©dG OóëJ »àdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG
consider devising a simplified procedure for request for proposals for projects falling thereunder, forá«°ùaÉæJ äGAGôLEG ¿hóH ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ∫qƒªªdG;]]
instance by applying the procedures described in art. 48 of the Model Procurement Law.(25)
26(ê);»æWƒdG øeC’G hCG »æWƒdG ´ÉaódÉH Ó°üàe ´hô°ûªdG ¿Éc GPEG
The enacting State may wish to require that the contracting authority include in the record to(O)¿ƒµj ¿CÉc ,áeRÓdG áeóîdG ºjó≤J ≈∏Y QOÉb óMGh Qó°üe iƒ°S óLƒj ºd GPEG
be kept pursuant to model provision 26 a summary of the results of the negotiations and indicate theiôNCG ájô°üM ¥ƒ≤M hCG ájQÉéJ QGô°SCG hCG ájôµa ᫵∏e ≥M ΩGóîà°SG áeóîdG ºjó≤àd ΩRÓdG øe
extent to which those results differed from the project specifications and contractual terms of the;¿ƒæ«©e ¢UÉî°TCG hCG ¢üî°T ÉgRƒëj hCG É¡µ∏ªj
original request for proposals, and that it state the reasons therefor.(`g);23 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG âëJ êQóæJ »àdG á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G ádÉM »a
27(h)ºjó≤J Ö∏W hCG »dhC’G QÉ``«˘à˘N’G äGAGô˘LEG ≈˘dEG Iƒ˘Yó˘dG ¿ƒ˘µ˘J ɢeó˘æ˘Y
Enacting States that deem it desirable to authorize the use of negotiated procedures on an adâ≤ØNCG ób äÉMGôàb’G ™«ªL ¿ƒµJ hCG äÉMGôàbG hCG äÉÑ∏W ...CG Ωó≤J ºd øµdh GQó°U ób äÉMGôàb’G
hoc basis may wish to retain subparagraph (g) when implementing the model provision. Enactingô«Z øe ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG äCGQ GPGh ,äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤J Ö∏W »a áæ«ÑªdG º««≤àdG ô«jÉ©ªH AÉaƒdG »a
States wishing to limit exceptions to the competitive selection procedures may prefer not to includeäÉMGôàbG ºjó≤àd ójóL Ö∏W hCG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG ≈dEG IójóL IƒYO QGó°UEG ôØ°ùj ¿CG íLôªdG
the subparagraph. In any event, for purposes of transparency, the enacting State may wish to indicate;܃∏£e »æeR QÉWEG ∫ÓN ´hô°ûªdG OÉæ°SEG øY
here or elsewhere in the model provision other exceptions, if any, authorizing the use of negotiated(26)
procedures that may be provided for under specific legislation.(R)[ É¡«a ¿PCÉJ »àdG iôNC’G ä’ÉëdGá°üàîªdG á£∏°ùdG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OóëJ]
28.áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdÉH ≥∏©àJ ájQGô£°VG ÜÉÑ°SC’ π«Ñ≤dG Gòg øe AÉæãà°SÉH
A number of elements to enhance transparency in negotiations under this model provision are(27)
discussed in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 90-96.Part two. Model legislative provisions 17ô¶fG) RÉ«àeG ó≤Y ¿C
negotiations in respect of a concession contract to be published in accordanceCÉ°ûH ¢VhÉØàdG äGAGôLE EG -19 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«°UƒàdG , (90 Iô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 29
with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of any relevant laws on procurement proceedings that govern the publication of notices];ΩɵMC’G »a áæ«ÑªdG äGAGôLE’G ΩGóîà°SG ¿hO RÉ«àeG ó≤Y ¿CÉ°ûH ¢VhÉØàdG ...ôéj ɪã«M
(b) Engage in negotiations with as many persons as the contracting authority judges capable:IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y ¿ƒµj 17 ≈dEG 6 á«LPƒªædG
29(28)
of carrying out the project as circumstances permit;(CG)»LPƒªædG ºµëdÉH ÓªY ¢VhÉØàdÉH ºàJ »àdG RÉ```«àe’G Oƒ``≤Y Gó``Y ɪ«a
(c) Establish evaluation criteria against which proposals shall be evaluated and ranked.á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ,18(ê)É≤ah ,RÉ«``àeG ó``≤Y ¿CÉ```°ûH äÉ°VhÉØe AóH É¡eGõàYG øY QÉ```©°TEG ô°ûf , 16
4. Unsolicited proposals¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
30(25)
Model provision 20. Admissibility of unsolicited proposals (see theá«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG »a ¬«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæªdG OÉ©Ñà°SÓd πjóÑc(Ü)Ö∏£d §q°ùÑe AGôLEG ™°Vh »a ô¶æJ ¿CG áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d Rƒéj ,
Legislative Guide, recommendation 30 and chap. III, paras. 97-109).AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe 48 IOɪdG »a áæ«ÑªdG äGAGôLE’G ≥«Ñ£àH Óãe ∂dPh ,ÉgQÉWEG »a êQóæJ »àdG ™jQÉ°ûª∏d äÉMGôàb’G
As an exception to model provisions 6 to 17, the contracting authority(26)
31ºµëdÉH ÓªY ¬¶ØM ø«©àj ...òdG πé°ùdG »a IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG êQóJ ¿CG Gôà°TG »a áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ÖZôJ ób
is authorized to consider unsolicited proposals pursuant to the procedures setÖ∏£d ájóbÉ©àdG hô°ûdGh ´hô°ûªdG äÉØ°UGƒe øY èFÉàædG ∂∏J ±ÓàNG ióe ø«ÑJ ¿CGh äÉ°VhÉتdG èFÉàæd GõLƒe 26 »LPƒªædG
forth in model provisions 21 to 23, provided that such proposals do not relate.±ÓàN’G Gòg ÜÉÑ°SCG ôcP ™e »∏°UC’G äÉMGôàb’G
to a project for which selection procedures have been initiated or announced.(27)
Model provision 21. Procedures for determining the admissibilityá«FÉæãà°SG ä’ÉM »a á«°VhÉØàdG äGAGôLE’G ΩGóîà°SÉH ¿PE’G ܃°üà°ùªdG øe ¿CG iôJ »àdG áYôà°ûªdG ∫hódG ÖZôJ ób
of unsolicited proposals (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 31 (for paras. 1 and 2) and 32 (for para. 3) and chap. III,á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG AÉ≤Ñà°SG »a(R)ΩGóîà°SG øe äGAÉæãà°S’G ó««≤J »a ÖZôJ »àdG áYôà°ûªdG ∫hódG ÉeCG .»LPƒªædG ºµëdG ≥«Ñ£J óæY
paras. 110-112)áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG π©d ,á«aÉØ°ûdG ¢VGôZC’h ∫ÉM ...CG ≈∏Yh .á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG √òg êGQOEG ΩóY π°†ØJ ó≤a ,á«°ùaÉæàdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG
1. Following receipt and preliminary examination of an unsolicited proposal, the contracting authority shall promptly inform the proponent whether or¢VhÉØàdG äGAGôLEG ΩGóîà°SÉH ¿PCÉJ ,äóLh ¿EG ,iôNCG äGAÉæãà°SG ...CG ,»LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg øe ôNBG ¿Éµe »a hCG Éæg ,ø«ÑJ ¿CG OƒJ
not the project is considered to be potentially in the public interest..IOóëe äÉ©jô°ûJ É¡«∏Y ¢üæJ ób »àdG
32(28)
29»a »LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg ≈°†à≤ªH äÉ°VhÉتdG »a á«aÉØ°ûdG õjõ©J ô°UÉæY øe OóY á°ûbÉæe OôJ»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
Enacting States wishing to enhance transparency in the use of negotiated procedures may,ådÉãdG π°üØdG"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG".96-90 äGô≤ØdG ,[ `dº¶æJ AGôà`````°T’G äGAGô````LEÉH á∏```°U äGP ø```«fGƒb ...CG ΩÉ``µMCG áYôà``°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ
establish, by specific regulations, qualification criteria to be met by persons invited to negotiationsäGQÉ©°TE’G ô°ûf;]
pursuant to model provisions 18 and 19. An indication of possible qualification criteria is contained(Ü)øjòdG ¢UÉî°TC’G øe ±hô¶dG ¬H íª°ùJ øµªe OóY ôÑcCG ™e äÉ°VhÉØe Iô°TÉÑe
in model provision 7.øjQOÉb IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ºgôÑà©J
30(29)
The policy considerations on the advantages and disadvantages of unsolicited proposals are;´hô°ûªdG ò«ØæJ ≈∏Y
discussed in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 98-100. States(ê).É¡Ñ«JôJh äÉMGôàb’G º««≤J É¡°SÉ°SCG ≈∏Y iôéj º««≤J ô«jÉ©e ™°Vh
that wish to allow contracting authorities to handle such proposals may wish to use the procedures set-4á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G
forth in model provisions 21-23. 31(30)
The model provision assumes that the power to entertain unsolicited proposals lies with theô¶fG) á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G á«dƒÑ≤e -20 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«°UƒàdG ,
contracting authority. However, depending on the regulatory system of the enacting State, a body(109-97 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 30
separate from the contracting authority may have the responsibility for entertaining unsolicited proposals or for considering, for instance, whether an unsolicited proposal is in the public interest. In suchIóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ,17 ≈dEG 6 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G øe AÉæãà°S’G π«Ñ°S ≈∏Y
a case, the manner in which the functions of such a body may need to be coordinated with those of(31)
the contracting authority should be carefully considered by the enacting State (see footnotes 1, 3 and¿CG
24 and the references cited therein).,23 ≈dEG 21 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G »a áæ«ÑªdG äGAGôLE’ÉH ÓªY á°ùªà∏e ô`«Z äÉMGôàbG »a ô¶æJ
32.¬fCÉ°ûH QÉ«àNG äGAGôLEG âæ∏Yo
The determination that a proposed project is in the public interest entails a considered judgement regarding the potential benefits to the public that are offered by the project, as well as itsCG hCG äô°TƒH ´hô°ûªH äÉMGôàb’G √òg ≥∏©àJ ’CG á£jô°T
relationship to the Government’s policy for the infrastructure sector concerned. In order to ensure theô¶fG) á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G á«dƒÑ≤e »a
integrity, transparency and predictability of the procedures for determining the admissibility of unsolicited proposals, it may be advisable for the enacting State to provide guidance, in regulations or otherq
documents, concerning the criteria that will be used to determine whether an unsolicited proposal isqâÑdG äGAGôLE
in the public interest, which may include criteria for assessing the appropriateness of the contractualEG -21 »LPƒªædG ºµëdGπ«dódG
arrangements and the reasonableness of the proposed allocation of project risks.18 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects»©jô°ûàdGπ°üØdGh (3 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 32h (2h 1 ø«Jô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 31 ø«à«°UƒàdG ,
2. If the project is considered to be potentially in the public interest(112-110 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG
under paragraph 1, the contracting authority shall invite the proponent to-1á£∏````°ùdG º∏©oJ ,É«dhCG É°üëa ¬°üëah ¢ùªà∏˘e ô˘«˘Z ìGô˘à˘bG »˘≤˘∏˘J Ö≤˘Y
submit as much information on the proposed project as is feasible at this stage´hô````°ûªdG Ωóî``j ¿CG πªàëªdG øe ¿CG ’ ΩCG ôÑà````©J âfÉc GPEG ɪH QƒØdG ≈∏Y ¬eó≤e IóbÉ©àªdG
to allow the contracting authority to make a proper evaluation of the proponent’s qualifications.á``eÉ©dG á`ë∏°üªdG
33(32)
and the technical and economic feasibility of theá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
project and to determine whether the project is likely to be successfully17
implemented in the manner proposed in terms acceptable to the contracting(29)
authority. For this purpose, the proponent shall submit a technical and,IOóëe íFGƒ∏H ,»°SôJ ¿CG ¢VhÉØàdG äGAGôLEG ΩGóîà°SG »a á«aÉØ°ûdG õjõ©J »a áÑZGôdG áYôà°ûªdG ∫hódG áYÉ£à°SÉH
economic feasibility study, an environmental impact study and satisfactoryºµëdG ø«Ñjh .19h 18 ø`««LPƒªædG ø«ªµëdÉ`H ÓªY ¢VhÉØàdG ≈`dEG ¿hƒYóªdG ¢UÉî°TC’G É``¡«aƒà°ùj ¿CG ø«©àj »àdG á«∏gC’G ô«jÉ©e
information regarding the concept or technology contemplated in the proposal..É¡H òNC’G øµªj »àdG á«∏gC’G ô«jÉ©e 7 »LPƒªædG
3. In considering an unsolicited proposal, the contracting authority shall(30)
respect the intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights contained in, arising from or referred to in the proposal. Therefore, the contracting»a ,á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G ÇhÉ°ùeh ÉjGõªH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a áeÉ©dG á°SÉ«°ùdG äGQÉÑàYG â°ûbƒf»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
authority shall not make use of information provided by or on behalf of the,ådÉãdG π°üØdG"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG"√òg ∫hÉæàH IóbÉ©àªdG äÉ£∏°ù∏d ìɪ°ùdG »a áÑZGôdG ∫hódG π©dh .100-98 äGô≤ØdG ,
proponent in connection with its unsolicited proposal other than for the evaluation of that proposal, except with the consent of the proponent..
Except as23-21 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G »a áæ«ÑªdG äGAGôLE’G ∫ɪ©à°SG OƒJ äÉ`MGôàb’G
otherwise agreed by the parties, the contracting authority shall, if the proposal(31)
is rejected, return to the proponent the original and any copies of documents¬fCG ó«H .IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG Oƒ©J á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G ∫hÉæJ á«MÓ°U ¿CG »LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg ¢VôàØj
that the proponent submitted and prepared throughout the procedure.á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’ÉH ájÉæ©dG á«dhDƒ°ùe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øY á∏≤à°ùe áÄ«g ≈dƒàJ ¿CG »ª«¶æàdG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG Ωɶæd É©ÑJ ,Rƒéj
Model provision 22.ájÉæ©H ô¶æJ ¿CG áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d »¨Ñæj ádÉëdG √òg »ah .
Unsolicited proposals that do not involveáeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdG Ωóîj ¢ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z ìGôàb’G ¿Éc GPEG ɪ«a ,Óãe ,ô¶ædG hCG
intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights (see the(24) h (3) h (1) »°TGƒëdG ô¶fG) IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ∞FÉXh ™e áÄ«¡dG ∂∏J ∞FÉXƒd ≥«°ùæJ øe Ωõ∏j ób Ée AGôLEG á≤jôW »a
Legislative Guide, recommendation 33 and chap. III, paras. 113.(É¡«a IQƒcòªdG ä’ÉME’Gh
and 114)(32)
1. Except in the circumstances set forth in model provision 18, theÉ¡ë«àj ¿CG πªàëj »àdG ™aÉæªdG ¿CÉ°ûH Éjhôàe ɪµM áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdG Ωóîj ìôà≤ªdG ´hô°ûªdG ¿Éc GPEG Ée ôjô≤J Ö∏£àj
contracting authority shall, if it decides to implement the project, initiate a»a âÑdG äGAGôLEG áeÓ°S ¿Éª°†dh .»æ©ªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´É£≤H ≥∏©àj ɪ«a áeƒµëdG á°SÉ«°ùH ¬àbÓY ¿CÉ°ûHh Qƒ¡ªé∏d ´hô°ûªdG
selection procedure in accordance with model provisions 6 to 17 if the contracting authority considers that:áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG Ωó≤J ¿CG ܃°üà°ùªdG øe ¿ƒµj ób ,É¡H DƒÑæàdG á«∏HÉbh äGAGôL’G ∂∏J á«aÉØ°Th á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G á«dƒÑ≤e
(a) The envisaged output of the project can be achieved without the use of intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights owned or possessed by the proponent; and»a êQóæj ¢ùªà∏ªdG ô```«Z ìGô````àb’G ¿Éc GPEG ɪ«a âÑ∏d Ωóîà°ùà°S »àdG ô«jÉ©ªdG ¿CÉ````°ûH ,iôNCG ≥FÉKh hCG íFGƒd »a ,äGOÉ°TQEG
(b) The proposed concept or technology is not truly unique or new.ìôà≤ªdG ™jRƒàdG á«dƒ≤©eh ájóbÉ©àdG äÉÑ«JôàdG áeAÓe ióe ôjó≤àd ô«jÉ```©e øª°†àJ ¿CG øµ```ªj »àdGh ,áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdG QÉWEG
2..
The proponent shall be invited to participate in the selection proceedings initiated by the contracting authority pursuant to paragraph 1 and may be´hô°ûªdG ôWÉîªd-2»a AÉL ɪѰùM áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdG QÉWEG »a êQóæj ¿CG øµªj ´hô°ûªdG ¿CG ôÑàYG GPEG »a ¬ªjó≤J É«∏ªY øµªj Ée πc ºjó≤J ≈dEG ìGôàb’G Ωó≤e ƒYóJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏©a ,1 Iô≤ØdG
given an incentive or a similar benefit in a manner described by the contractingº«∏°S º««≤J AGôLEG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d í«àj »c ìôà≤ªdG ´hô°ûªdG ¿CÉ°ûH äÉeƒ∏©e øe á∏MôªdG √òg
authority in the request for proposals in consideration for the development andìGôàb’G Ωó≤e äÓgDƒªd
submission of the proposal.(33)
33´hô°ûªdG ¿Éc GPEG ɪ«a âÑdGh ´hô°ûª∏d ájOÉ°üàb’Gh á«æ≤àdG ihóé∏dh
The enacting State may wish to provide in regulations the qualification criteria that need toΩó≤e ≈∏Yh .IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG iód ádƒÑ≤e hô°ûH áMôà≤ªdG á≤jô£dÉH ìÉéæH òØæ
be met by the proponent. Elements to be taken into account for that purpose are indicated in modelo
provision 7.Part two. Model legislative provisions 19 Model provision 23. Unsolicited proposals involving intellectualj ¿CG ¬`d íqLôj
property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights (see the Legislative»Ä«ÑdG √ô«KCÉàd á°SGQOh ´hô°ûª∏d ájOÉ°üàbGh á«æ≤J ihóL á°SGQO Ωó≤j ¿CG ,¢Vô¨dG Gò¡d ,ìGôàb’G
Guide, recommendations 34 (for paras. 1 and 2) and 35 (for paras. 3.ìGôàb’G »a IÉNƒàªdG É«LƒdƒæµàdG hCG Ωƒ¡ØªdG øY á«aGh äÉeƒ∏©eh
and 4) and chap. III, paras. 115-117)-3᫵∏ªdG ΩôàëJ ¿CG ,¢ùªà∏e ô«Z ìGôàbG åëH iód ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y
1. If the contracting authority determines that the conditions of modelhCG ìGôàb’G É¡«∏Y ...ƒàëj »àdG ájô°üëdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG øe ∂dP ô«Z hCG ájQÉéàdG QGô°SC’G hCG ájôµØdG
provision 22, paragraph 1 (a) and (b), are not met, it shall not be required toΩóîà°ùJ ’CG ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y ø«©àj ,¬«∏Y AÉæHh .¬«a É¡˘«˘dEG Qɢ°ûª˘dG hCG ¬˘æ˘e Ió˘ª˘à˘°ùª˘dG
carry out a selection procedure pursuant to model provisions 6 to 17. However,¢VGôZC’ ,¢ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z ¬MGôàbÉH π°üàj ɪ«a ¬æY áHÉ«f hCG ìGôàb’G Ωó≤e øe áeó≤ªdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG
the contracting authority may still seek to obtain elements of comparison for,∂dP ±ÓN ≈∏Y ¿Éaô£dG ≥Øàj ºd Éeh .ìGôàb’G Ωó≤e á≤aGƒªH ’EG ,ìGôàb’G ∂dP º««≤J ô«Z iôNCG
the unsolicited proposal in accordance with the provisions set out in paragraphs 2 to 4 of this model provision.»àdG ≥FÉKƒdG ï°ùfh π°UCG ¬eó≤e ≈dEG OôJ ¿CG ,ìGôàb’G ¢†aQ ádÉM »a ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y ø«©àj
34.äGAGôLE’G ∫GƒW ÉgóYCGh É¡eób
2. Where the contracting authority intends to obtain elements of comparison for the unsolicited proposal, the contracting authority shall publish a᫵∏ªdG ¥ƒ≤M øe ≥M ≈∏Y ...ƒ£æJ ’ »àdG á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G -22 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
description of the essential output elements of the proposal with an invitationô¶fG) ájô°üëdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG øe ∂dP ô«Z hCCG ájQÉéàdG QGô°SCC’G hC CG ájôµØdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«°UƒàdG ,
for other interested parties to submit proposals within [a reasonable period](114h 113 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 33
[the enacting State indicates a certain amount of time].-1á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y ø«©àj ,18 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG »a áæ«Ñª˘dG ±hô˘¶˘dG Gó˘Y ɢª˘«˘a
3. If no proposals in response to an invitation issued pursuant to paragraph 2 of this model provision are received within [a reasonable period] [the≈dEG 6 á`«LPƒªædG ΩÉ`µMCÓd É≤ÑW QÉ«àNG äGAGôLEG ô°TÉÑJ ¿CG ,´hô°ûªdG ò«ØæJ äQô`b GPEG ,IóbÉ©àªdG :IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG äCGQ GPEG ,17
amount of time specified in paragraph 2 above], the contracting authority may(CG)¥ƒ≤M øe ≥M ΩGóîà°SG ¿hO ´hô°ûªdG øe ≈NƒàªdG èJÉædG ≥«≤ëJ øµªj ¬fCG
engage in negotiations with the original proponent.Ωó≤e ÉgRƒëj hCG É¡µ∏ªj »àdG ájô°üëdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG øe ∂dP ô«Z hCG ájQÉéàdG QGô°SC’G hCG ájôµØdG ᫵∏ªdG
4. If the contracting authority receives proposals in response to an invitation issued pursuant to paragraph 2, the contracting authority shall invite;ìGôàb’G
the proponents to negotiations in accordance with the provisions set forth in(Ü)hCG ɪ¡Yƒf øe øjójôa É°ù«d áMôà≤ªdG É«LƒdƒæµàdG hCG ìôà≤˘ª˘dG Ωƒ˘¡˘Ø˘ª˘dG ¿CG
model provision 19..
In the event that the contracting authority receives aÉ≤M øjójóL
sufficiently large number of proposals, which appear prima facie to meet its infrastructure needs, the contracting authority shall request the submission of-2á£∏°ùdG Égô°TÉÑJ »àdG QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEG »a ácQÉ°ûªdG ≈dEG ìGôàb’G Ωó≤e ≈Yój Ö∏W »a IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG É¡æ«ÑJ á≤jô£H á∏Kɪe Iõ«e hCG GõaÉM ¬ëæe Rƒéjh 1 Iô≤ØdÉH ÓªY IóbÉ©àªdG
proposals pursuant to model provisions 10 to 17, subject to any incentive or.¬ªjó≤Jh ìGôàb’G √OGóYE’ äÉMGôàb’G
other benefit that may be given to the person who submitted the unsolicited18
proposal in accordance with model provision 22, paragraph 2.¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
5. Miscellaneous provisions(33)
Model provision 24..
Confidentiality (see the Legislative Guide,ÉgDhÉØ«à°SG ìGôàb’G Ωó≤e ≈∏Y ø«©àj »àdG á«∏gC’G ô«jÉ©e ≈∏Y íFGƒd »a ¢üæJ ¿CG OƒJ áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG π©d
recommendation 36 and chap. III, para. 118).7 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG »a áæ«Ñe ¢Vô¨dG Gò¡d QÉÑàY’G ø«©H òNDƒJ »àdG ô°UÉæ©dGh᫵∏ªdG ¥ƒ≤M øe ≥M ≈∏Y ...ƒ``£æJ »àdG á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G -23 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
The contracting authority shall treat proposals in such a manner as to,»©jô```°ûàdG π«dódG ô¶fG) ájô°üëdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG øe ∂dP ô«Z hCCG á˘jQɢé˘à˘dG QGô˘°SC C’G hC CG á˘jô˘µ˘Ø˘dG
avoid the disclosure of their content to competing bidders. Any discussions,,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh (4h 3 ø«Jô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 35 h (2h 1 ø«Jô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 34 ø«à«°UƒàdG
communications and negotiations between the contracting authority and a bidder pursuant to model provisions 10, paragraph 3, 17, 18, 19 or 23, paragraphs 3 and 4, shall be confidential. Unless required by law or by a court 34(117-115 äGô``≤ØdG
The enacting State may wish to consider adopting a special procedure for handling unsolicited-1 1 Iô≤ØdG ,22 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG hô°T ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG äQôb GPEG(CG) h(Ü)≈dEG 6 á«LPƒªædG ΩÉ``µMC’É`H ÓªY QÉ«àNG äGAGôLEG Iô°TÉÑe É¡«∏Y ¿ƒµj ø∏a ,IÉaƒà°ùe ô«Z áfQÉ≤e ô°UÉæY ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG ≈dEG »©°ùdG »a »°†ªJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ,∂dP ™eh .17 .»LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg øe 4 ≈dEG 2 äGô≤ØdG »a áæ«ÑªdG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah ¢ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z ìGôàbÓd
proposals falling under this model provision, which may be modelled, mutatis mutandis, on the(34)
request-for-proposals procedure set forth in article 48 of the Model Procurement Law.20 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects-2ô«Z ìGôàbÓd áfQÉ≤e ô°UÉæY ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG Ωõà˘©˘J ɢª˘ã˘«˘M
order or permitted by the request for proposals, no party to the negotiationsIƒYO ™e ,ìGôàb’G øe ≈NƒàªdG èJÉæ∏d á«°SÉ°SC’G ô°UÉæ©∏d ÉØ°Uh ô°ûæJ ¿CG É¡«∏Y ø«©àj ,¢ùªà∏ªdG
shall disclose to any other person any technical, price or other information in]ádƒ≤©e Iôàa[ ¿ƒ°†Z »a äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤àd ´ƒ°VƒªdÉH áªà¡ªdG iôNC’G ±GôWC’G ôFÉ°S ≈dEG[OóëJ
relation to discussions, communications and negotiations pursuant to the aforementioned provisions without the consent of the other party.áæ«©e Ióe áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG].
Model provision 25. Notice of contract award (see the Legislative-3ÓªY äQó°U IƒYód áHÉéà°SG äÉMGôàbG ...CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£˘∏˘°ùdG ≥˘∏˘à˘J º˘d GPEG
Guide, recommendation 37 and chap. III, para. 119)]ádƒ≤©e Iôàa[ ¿ƒ°†Z »a ,»LPƒªædG ºµëdG Gòg øe 2 Iô≤ØdÉH2 Iô≤ØdG »a IOóëªdG IóªdG[
Except for concession contracts awarded pursuant to model provision 18,.»∏°UC’G ìGôàb’G Ωó≤e ™e äÉ°VhÉØe ...ôéoJ ¿CG É¡d RÉL ,]√ÓYCG
subparagraph (c), the contracting authority shall cause a notice of the contract-4Iô≤ØdÉH ÓªY É¡JQó°UCG IƒYód áHÉéà°SG äÉMGôàbG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG â≤∏J GPEG
award to be published in accordance with [the enacting State indicates theºµëdG »a áæ«ÑªdG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ÑW äÉ°VhÉØe ≈dEG äÉMGôàb’G »eó≤e ƒYóJ ¿CG ɢ¡˘«˘∏˘Y ø˘
provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the publicationq
of contract award notices]. The notice shall identify the concessionaire and«˘©˘J ,2
include a summary of the essential terms of the concession contract.hóÑj »àdG äÉMGôàb’G øe á«aÉc áLQóH Gô«Ñc GOóY IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG »≤∏J ádÉM »ah .19 »LPƒªædG
Model provision 26. Record of selection and award proceedingsÓªY äÉMGôàbG ºjó≤J Ö∏£J ¿CG É¡«∏Y ø«©àj ,á«àëàdG É¡à«æH äÉLÉ«àMÉH »ØJ É¡fCG ≈dhC’G á∏gƒ∏d
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 38 and chap. III,Ωób ...òdG ¢üî°û∏d íæªJ ób iôNCG Iõ«e hCG õaÉM ...CG IÉYGôe ™e ,17 ≈dEG 10 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’É`H
paras..
120-126)2 Iô≤ØdG ,22 »LPƒªædG ºµë∏`d É≤ah ¢ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z ìGôàb’G
The contracting authority shall keep an appropriate record of information-5áYƒæàe ΩɵMCG
pertaining to the selection and award proceedings in accordance with [theô¶fG) áj
enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws on public procurement thatqqô°ùdG -24 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô```°ûàdG π```«dódG,ådÉãdG π```°üØdGh 36 á«°UƒàdG ,
govern record of procurement proceedings].(118 Iô≤ØdG
35 Model provision 27. Review procedures (see the Legislative Guide,»eó≤ªd É¡JÉjƒàëe AÉ°ûaEG ÖæéJ »YGôJ á≤jô£H äÉMGôàb’G IóbÉ©àªdG á£˘∏˘°ùdG π˘eɢ©˘J
recommendation 39 and chap. III, paras. 127-131) A bidder that claims to have suffered, or that may suffer, loss or injuryøe ...CGh IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«H äÉ°VhÉØe hCG äÉZÓH hCG äÉ°ûbÉæe ...CG ¿ƒµJh .ø«°ùaÉæàªdG ¢Vhô©dG
due to a breach of a duty imposed on the contracting authority by the law mayhCG 18 hCG 17 á«LPƒªædG ΩÉ``µMC’G hCG ,3 Iô≤ØdG ,10 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉH ÓªY ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤e
seek review of the contracting authority’s acts or failures to act in accordance...CG ôNBG ¢üî°T ...C’ äÉ``°VhÉØŸG »a ±ôW ...CG »°ûØj ’h .ájô°S 4h 3 ø«Jô≤ØdG ,23 hCG 19
with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws governing theá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
review of decisions made in procurement proceedings].19
36(34)
35Gòg QÉWEG »a êQóæJ »àdG á°ùªà∏ªdG ô«Z äÉMGôàb’G ∫hÉæàd á°UÉN äGAGôLEG OɪàYG »a ô¶ædG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OƒJ ób
The content of such a record for the various types of project award contemplated in the model™e ,AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe 48 IOɪdG »a áæ«ÑªdG äÉMGôàb’G Ö∏W äGAGôLEG QGôZ ≈∏Y ÆÉ°üJ ¿CG øµªj ,»LPƒªædG ºµëdG
provisions, as well as the extent to which the information contained therein may be accessible to the.äGô««¨J øe Ωõ∏j Ée AGôLEGäÉ°ûbÉæªdG QÉWEG »a ÉgÉ≤∏J »àdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG øe Égô«Z hCG QÉ©°SC’ÉH ≥∏©à˘J hCG ᢫˘æ˘≤˘J äɢeƒ˘∏˘©˘e
public, are discussed in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 120126. The content of such a record for the various types of project award is further set out in articleºd Ée ôNB’G ±ô£dG á≤aGƒe ¿hO ,ôcòdG áØdÉ°S ΩɵMC’ÉH ÓªY äôL »àdG äÉ°VhÉتdGh äÉZÓÑdGh
11 of the Model Procurement Law..
If the laws of the enacting State do not adequately address these᪵ëªdG øe ôeCÉH hCG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG ≈°†à≤ªH É¡FÉ°ûaEÉH ÉÑdÉ£e øµj
matters, the enacting State should adopt legislation or regulations to that effect.ô¶fG) ó≤©dG OÉæ°SE
36EÉH QÉ©°TE
Elements for the establishment of an adequate review system are discussed in the LegislativeE’G -25 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdGh 37 á«°UƒàdG ,
Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 127-131. They are also contained in chapter(119 Iô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG
VI of the Model Procurement Law. If the laws of the enacting State do not provide such an adequate,18 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉ`H ÓªY ÉgOÉæ°SEG iôéj »àdG RÉ«àe’G Oƒ≤Y ¢üî`j Ée GóY É`ª«a
review system, the enacting State should consider adopting legislation to that effect.Part two. Model legislative provisions 21á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG(ê)[ `d É≤ÑW ó≤©dG OÉæ°SEÉH GQÉ©°TEG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ô°ûæJ ,áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ
III.Oƒ≤©dG OÉæ°SG äGQÉ©°TEG ô°ûf º¶æJ »àdG ,AGôà°T’G äGAGôLEG ¿CÉ``°ûH É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG].
Contents and implementation of theQÉ©°TE’G Oóëjh
concession contract.RÉ«àe’G ó≤©d á«°SÉ°SC’G hô°û∏d É°üî∏e øª°†àjh RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
Model provision 28. Contents and implementation of the concessionô¶fG) OÉæ°SEE’Gh QÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEEG πé°S -26 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«°UƒàdG ,
contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 40 and(126-120 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdGh 38
chap. IV, paras. 1-11) The concession contract shall provide for such matters as the parties deem appropriate, 37 such as: (a) The nature and scope of works to be performed and services to beQÉ«àN’G äGAGôLEÉH á≤∏©àªdG äÉeƒ∏©ª∏d Ö°SÉæe πé°ùH IóbÉ©àª˘dG á˘£˘∏˘°ùdG ß˘Ø˘à˘ë˘J
provided by the concessionaire (see chap. IV, para. 1); (b) The conditions for provision of those services and the extent of exclusivity, if any, of the concessionaire’s rights under the concession contract (see recommendation 5);[ `d É≤ÑW OÉæ°SE’Ghπé°S º¶æJ »àdG »eƒª©dG AGôà°T’G ¿CÉ°ûH É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ø«ÑJ
(c) The assistance that the contracting authority may provide to theAGôà°T’G äGAGôLEG.]
concessionaire in obtaining licences and permits to the extent necessary for the(35)
implementation of the infrastructure project; (d) Any requirements relating to the establishment and minimum capital of a legal entity incorporated in accordance with model provision 30 (see recommendations 42 and 43 and model provision 30); (e) The ownership of assets related to the project and the obligations ofô¶fG) ô¶ædG IOÉYEEG äGAGôLE EG -27 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGπ°üØdGh 39 á«°UƒàdG ,
the parties, as appropriate, concerning the acquisition of the project site and(131-127 äGô≤ØdG ,ådÉãdG
any necessary easements, in accordance with model provisions 31 to 33 (seehCG IQÉ°ùN ,¿hóѵàj ób øjòdG hCG ,GhóѵJ º¡fCG ¿ƒYqój øjòdG ¢Vhô©dG »eó≤ªd Rƒéj
recommendations 44 and 45 and model provisions 31-33);IOÉYEG Gƒ°ùªà∏j ¿CG ,¿ƒfÉ≤dG ≈°†à≤ªH IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y ¢VhôØe ÖLGƒH ∫ÓNEG AGôL øe iPCG
(f) The remuneration of the concessionaire, whether consisting of tariffsÚÑJ[ `d É≤ÑW ô¶ædG»a IòîàªdG äGQGô≤dG »`a ô¶ædG IOÉYEG º¶æJ »àdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG
or fees for the use of the facility or the provision of services;AGôà°T’G äGAGôLEG.
the methods andÉ¡J’ÉØZEG »a hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ∫É©aCG »a ]
formulas for the establishment or adjustment of any such tariffs or fees; and(36)
payments, if any, that may be made by the contracting authority or other public20
authority (see recommendations 46 and 48); (g) Procedures for the review and approval of engineering designs, construction plans and specifications by the contracting authority, and the procedures for testing and final inspection, approval and acceptance of the infrastructure facility (see recommendation 52); (h) The extent of the concessionaire’s obligations to ensure, as appropriate, the modification of the service so as to meet the actual demand for the service, its continuity and its provision under essentially the same conditions for all users (see recommendation 53 and model provision 38); (i) The contracting authority’s or other public authority’s right to monitor the works to be performed and services to be provided by the concessionaire and the conditions and extent to which the contracting authority¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
or a regulatory agency may order variations in respect of the works and conditions of service or take such other reasonable actions as they may find(35)
appropriate to ensure that the infrastructure facility is properly operated and the»a OôJ»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U QÉ«àNG"äÉjƒàëe á°ûbÉæe ,126-120 äGô≤ØdG ,
37áMÉJEG RGƒL ióe ∂dòch á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G »a IÉNƒàªdG ™jQÉ°ûªdG OÉæ°SEG äGAGôLEG øe áØ∏àîªdG ´GƒfCÓd π«Ñ≤dG Gòg øe πé°S
Enacting States may wish to note that the inclusion in the concession contract of provisionsIOɪdG »a É°†jCG ™jQÉ°ûªdG OÉæ°SG äGAGôLG ´GƒfCG ∞∏àîe ¿CÉ°ûH πé°ùdG Gòg äÉjƒàëe äOóM óbh .Qƒ¡ªé∏d É¡jƒàëj »àdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdG
dealing with some of the matters listed in this model provision is mandatory pursuant to other modelóªà©J ¿CG ,á«aGh áédÉ©e πFÉ°ùªdG √òg èdÉ©J ’ É¡æ«fGƒb âfÉc GPEG ,áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d »¨Ñæjh .AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe 11
provisions..
22 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsájɨdG √ò¡d íFGƒd hCG äÉ©jô°ûJ
services are provided in accordance with the applicable legal and contractual(36)
requirements (see recommendations 52 and 54, subpara. (b));»a ,ô¶ædG IOÉYE’ Ö°SÉæe Ωɶf ™°Vƒd áeRÓdG ô°UÉæ©dG á°ûbÉæe OôJ»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ådÉãdG π°üØdG ,"QÉ«àNG
(j) The extent of the concessionaire’s obligation to provide the contracting authority or a regulatory agency, as appropriate, with reports and otherRÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U"ádhó∏d »¨Ñæjh .AGôà°TÓd »LPƒªædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG øe ¢SOÉ°ùdG π°üØdG »a É°†jCG IOQGh »gh .131-127 äGô≤ØdG ,
information on its operations (see recommendation 54, subpara..
(a));ájɨdG √ò¡d äÉ©jô°ûJ OɪàYG »a ô¶æJ ¿CG ,ô¶ædG IOÉYE’ Ö°SÉæe Ωɶf ≈∏Y ¢üæJ ’ É¡æ«fGƒb âfÉc GPEG ,áYôà°ûªdG-ÉãdÉK √ò«ØæJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y äÉjƒàëe
(k) Mechanisms to deal with additional costs and other consequencesô¶fG) √ò«ØæJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y äÉjƒàëe -28 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG40 á«°UƒàdG ,
that might result from any order issued by the contracting authority or another(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 11-1 äGô≤ØdGh
public authority in connection with subparagraphs (h) and (i) above, including,πFÉ°ùªdG øe ÉÑ°SÉæe ¿Éaô£dG √Gôj Ée ≈∏Y RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ¢üæj ¿CG ø«©àj
any compensation to which the concessionaire might be entitled (see chap. IV,(37)
paras. 73-76);Óãe É¡æeh
(l) Any rights of the contracting authority to review and approve major:á«dÉàdG πFÉ°ùªdG
contracts to be entered into by the concessionaire, in particular with the(CG)ÖfÉL øe É¡ªjó≤J OGôªdG äÉeóîdGh Égò«ØæJ OGôªdG ∫ɪYC’G ¥É£fh á©«ÑW
concessionaire’s own shareholders or other affiliated persons (see recommendation 56);;(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 1 Iô≤ØdG ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
(m) Guarantees of performance to be provided and insurance policies to(Ü)¥ƒ≤ëH á°UÉîdG ájô°üëdG ióeh äÉeóîdG ∂∏J ô˘«˘aƒ˘à˘d á˘eRÓ˘dG hô˘°ûdG
be maintained by the concessionaire in connection with the implementation of;(5 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ÖLƒªH ,äóLh ¿EG ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
the infrastructure project (see recommendation 58, subparas. (a) and (b));(ê)»a RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ≈dEG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG É¡eó≤J ¿CG Rƒéj »àdG IóYÉ°ùªdG
(n) Remedies available in the event of default of either party (see recommendation 58, subpara. (e));;á``«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe ò``«Øæàd ΩRÓdG Qó≤dÉH ,¿hPC’Gh ¢üNôdG ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG
(o) The extent to which either party may be exempt from liability for(O)¬dɪ°SCGôd ≈fOC’G óëdGh ácô°T áÄ«g »a »fƒfÉb ¿É«c AÉ°ûfÉH ≥∏©àJ äÉÑ∏£àe ...CG
failure or delay in complying with any obligation under the concession contract;(30 »LPƒªædG ºµëdGh 43 h 42 ø«à«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) 30 »LPƒªædG ºµë∏d É≤ah
owing to circumstances beyond its reasonable control (see recommendation 58,(`g),AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,ø«aô£dG äÉeGõàdGh ´hô°ûªdÉH á≤∏©àªdG äGOƒLƒªdG ᫵∏e
subpara. (d));31 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMCÓd É≤ah áeR’ ¥ÉØJQG ¥ƒ≤M ...CGh ´hô°ûªdG ™bƒe ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a
(p) The duration of the concession contract and the rights and obligations of the parties upon its expiry or termination (see recommendation 61);;(33 - 31 á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’Gh 45h 44 ø«à«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) 33 ≈dEG (h)AÉ≤d Ωƒ°SQ hCG äÉØjô©J πµ°T »a ¿ÉcCG AGƒ°S ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U √É°VÉ≤àj Ée
(q) The manner for calculating compensation pursuant to model provision 47 (see recommendation 67);hCG Ωƒ°SôdG hCG äÉØjô©àdG √òg øe ...CG ™°Vh ≠«°Uh Ö«dÉ°SCGh ;äÉeóîdG ô«aƒJ hCG ≥aôªdG ΩGóîà°SG á«eƒªY á£∏°S ...CG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ÉgOó°ùJ ¿CG Rƒéj »àdG ,äóLh ¿EG ,äÉYƒaóªdGh ;É¡∏jó©J ;(48h 46 ø«à«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) iôNCG
(r) The governing law and the mechanisms for the settlement of disputes(R)äÉØ°UGƒªdGh ó««°ûàdG §£Nh á«°Sóæ¡dG º«eÉ°üàdG OɪàYGh ¢VGô©à°SG äGAGôLEG
that may arise between the contracting authority and the concessionaire (see¬«∏Y á≤aGƒªdGh á«FÉ¡ædG ¬àæjÉ©eh á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe QÉÑàNG äGAGôLGh ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe
recommendation 69 and model provisions 29 and 49);;(52 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) á«FÉ¡f áØ°üH ¬dƒÑbh
(s) The rights and obligations of the parties with respect to confidential(ì)ɪH áeóîdG πjó©J ¿Éª°†H ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U äÉeGõàdG ióe
information (see model provision 24).áaɵd É°SÉ°SCG É¡°ùØf hô°ûdÉH Égô«aƒJh É¡àjQGôªà°SGh É¡«∏Y »∏©Ø˘dG Ö∏˘£˘dG ᢫˘Ñ˘∏˘J ™˘e ≥˘aGƒ˘à˘j
Model provision 29. Governing law (see the Legislative Guide,;(38 »LPƒªædG ºµëdGh 53 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) ø«∏ª©à°ùªdG
recommendation 41 and chap.( )øe OGôªdG ∫ɪYC’G ó°UQ »a iôNCG á«eƒªY á£∏°S .
IV, paras...
5-8)CG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≥M
The concession contract is governed by the law of [the enacting State]Rƒéj ÉgÉ°†à≤ªH »àdG OhóëdGh hô°ûdGh É¡ªjó≤J ¬æe OGôªdG äÉeóîdGh Égò«ØæJ RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
unless otherwise provided in the concession contract.,áeóîdG hô°Th ∫ɪYC’ÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a äÓjó©J ∫ÉNOG Ö∏£J ¿CG á«HÉbQ áÄ«¡d hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d
38º«∏°S ƒëf ≈∏Y á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe 𫨰ûJ ¿Éª°†d ádƒ≤©ªdG ô«HGóàdG øe ÉÑ°SÉæe √GôJ ób Ée òîàJ hCG
38á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
Legal systems provide varying answers to the question as to whether the parties to a concession contract may choose as the governing law of the contract a law other than the laws of the host21
country. Furthermore, as discussed in the Legislative Guide (see chap. IV, “Construction and operation(37) Gòg »a IQƒcòªdG πFÉ°ùªdG ¢†©H ∫hÉæàJ ÉeɵMCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ø«ª°†J ¿CÉH ɪ∏Y §«ëJ ¿CG OƒJ áYôà°ûªdG ∫hódG π©d
of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras..
5-8), in some countries theiôNCG á«LPƒªf ΩɵMCÉ`H ÓªY »eGõdG »LPƒªædG ºµëdG,54h 52 ø«à«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) É¡≤«Ñ£J ÖLGƒdG ájóbÉ©àdGh á«fƒfÉ≤dG äÉÑ∏£àª∏d É≤ah äÉeóîdG ºjó≤Jh
concession contract may be subject to administrative law, while in others the concession contract mayá«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG(Ü);( (...),á«HÉbQ áÄ«g ≈dEG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG Ωó≤j ¿CÉH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ΩGõàdG ióe
be governed by private law (see also the Legislative Guide, chap. VII, “Other relevant areas of law”,á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ,54 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) ¬JÉ«∏ªY øY iôNCG äÉeƒ∏©eh ôjQÉ≤J ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM(CG);(
paras.(∑).
24-27)...
The governing law also includes legal rules of other fields of law that apply to theCG øY CÉ°ûæJ ób »àdG iôNC’G äÉ©ÑàdGh á«aÉ°V’G ∞«dɵàdG áédÉ©ªH á°UÉîdG äÉ«dB’G
various issues that arise during the implementation of an infrastructure project (see generally theø«à«YôØdG ø«Jô≤ØdÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a iôNCG á«eƒªY á£∏°S ...CG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG √Qó°üJ Ö∏W(ì) h( )
Legislative Guide, chap. VII, “Other relevant areas of law”, sect. B).Part two. Model legislative provisions 23;(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 76 - 73 äGô≤ØdG ô`¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ¬≤ëà°ùj ób ¢†jƒ©J ...CG ∂dP »a ɪH ,√ÓYCG
Model provision 30. Organization of the concessionaire (see the(∫)ácô°ûdG Ωõà©J »àdG á«°ù«FôdG Oƒ≤©dG á©LGôe »a IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d ¥ƒ≤M ...CG
Legislative Guide, recommendations 42 and 43 and chap. IV,hCG ácô°ûdG √òg »a ø«ªgÉ°ùªdG ™e Oƒ≤©dG É°Uƒ°üNh ,É¡«∏Y á≤aGƒªdGh É¡eGôHG RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U
paras. 12-18);(56 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) É¡H á∏°üdG ...hP øjôNB’G ¢UÉî°TC’G
The contracting authority may require that the successful bidder establish(Ω)ÖMÉ°U É¡H ßØàëj »àdG ø«eCÉàdG äGóæ°Sh É¡ªjó≤˘J OGô˘ª˘dG AGOC’G äɢfɢª˘°V
a legal entity incorporated under the laws of [the enacting State], provided thatø«à«YôØdG ø«Jô≤ØdG ,58 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe ò«ØæàH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a RÉ«àe’G(CG)h(Ü);(
a statement to that effect was made in the pre-selection documents or in the(¿)ø«aô£dG øe ...CG ÖfÉL øe ô«°ü≤J çhóM ∫ÉM »a áMÉàªdG ±É°üàf’G πÑ°S
request for proposals, as appropriate. Any requirement relating to the minimumá«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ,58 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG)(`g);(
capital of such a legal entity and the procedures for obtaining the approval of(¢S)»a ôNCÉàdG hCG ∞∏îàdG øY á«dhDƒ°ùªdG øe ø«aô£dG øe ...CG AÉØYG RGƒL ióe
the contracting authority to its statute and by-laws and significant changesô¶fG) ádƒ≤©ªdG ɪ¡Jô£«°S ¥É£f RhÉéàJ ±hôX AGôL øe ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ÖLƒªH ΩGõàdG ...CÉH AÉaƒdG
therein shall be set forth in the concession contract consistent with the termsá«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ,58 á«°UƒàdG(O);( (´)É¡FÉ¡fG hCG É¡FÉ°†≤fG óæY ø«aô£dG äÉeGõàdGh ¥ƒ``≤Mh RÉ```«˘à˘e’G ó˘≤˘Y Ió˘e
of the request for proposals.;(61 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG)
Model provision 31. Ownership of assets(±);(67 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) 47 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG ÖLƒªH ¢†jƒ©àdG ÜÉ°ùM ܃∏°SCG
39(¢U)á£∏°ùdG ø«H äÉYRÉæe øe CÉ°ûæj ób Ée ájƒ°ùàH á°UÉîdG äÉ«dB’Gh ºXÉædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG
(see the Legislative Guide,.(49h 29 ø««LPƒªædG ø«ªµëdGh 69 á«°UƒàdG ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°Uh IóbÉ©àªdG (¥)ºµëdG ô¶fG) ájô°ùdG äÉeƒ∏©ªdÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a ɪ¡JÉeGõàdGh ø«˘aô˘£˘dG ¥ƒ˘≤˘M .(24 »LPƒªædG ºXÉædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG -29 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG ô¶fG)»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG-5 äGô≤ØdGh 41 á```«°UƒàdG ,
recommendation 44 and chap. IV, paras. 20-26)(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 8
The concession contract shall specify, as appropriate, which assets are or≈∏Y RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ¢ü``æj ºd Ée RÉ«`àe’G ó≤Y º¶æj ...òdG ƒg áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ¿ƒfÉb
shall be public property and which assets are or shall be the private property.∂dP ±ÓN
of the concessionaire. The concession contract shall in particular identify(38)
which assets belong to the following categories:22
(a) Assets, if any, that the concessionaire is required to return or transfer¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
to the contracting authority or to another entity indicated by the contracting(38)
authority in accordance with the terms of the concession contract;ø«fGƒb ô«Z ¿ƒfÉb QÉ«àNG RÉ«àeG ó≤Y »a ø«aô£∏d Rƒéj ¿Éc GPEG ɪY ∫DhÉ°ùàdG øY áØ∏àîe äÉHÉLG á«fƒfÉ≤dG º¶ædG ôaƒJ
(b) Assets, if any, that the contracting authority, at its option, may purchase from the concessionaire;»a ¢ûbƒf ɪ∏ãe ,¬fG ɪc .
andó≤©∏d º¶æe ¿ƒfÉ≤c ∞«°†ªdG ó∏ÑdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 8-5 äGô≤ØdG ô¶fG)"á«æÑdG ó««°ûJ
(c) Assets, if any, that the concessionaire may retain or dispose of upon´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’G :É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG"ób ɪæ«H ,...QGO’G ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d ,¿Gó∏ÑdG ¢†©H »a ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ™°†îj ób ,(
expiry or termination of the concession contract.,™HÉ°ùdG π°üØdG øe 27-24 äGô≤ØdG É°†jCG ô¶fG) ¢UÉîdG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG ÖLƒªH ,iôNCG ¿Gó∏H »a ,ɪ¶æe ó≤©dG Gòg ¿ƒµj"ä’ÉéªdG
Model provision 32.á∏°üdG äGP iôNC’G á«fƒfÉ≤dG" øe ,»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG≈∏Y ≥Ñ£æJ iôNCG á«fƒfÉb øjOÉ«ªd á«fƒfÉb óYGƒb ºXÉædG ¿ƒfÉ≤dG πª°ûj ɪc .
Acquisition of rights related to the project site(
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 45 and chap. IV,,™HÉ°ùdG π°üØdG ΩÉY ¬LƒH ô¶fG) á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe ò«ØæJ ∫ÓN CÉ°ûæJ ób »àdG πFÉ°ùªdG ∞∏àîe"äGP iôNC’G á«fƒfÉ≤dG ä’ÉéªdG
paras.á∏°üdG" øe ,AÉH ÜÉÑdG ,»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG.
27-29)( ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U º«¶æJ -30 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG43h 42 ø«à«°UƒàdG ,
1. The contracting authority or other public authority under the terms of(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 18-12 äGô≤ØdGh
the law and the concession contract shall make available to the concessionaireácô°T áÄ«g »a É«fƒfÉb ÉfÉ«c Å°ûæj ¿CG õFÉØdG ¢Vô©dG ÖMÉ°U ≈∏Y IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ôà°ûJ ób
39,äÉMGôàb’G ºjó≤J Ö∏W hCG »dhC’G QÉ«àN’G ≥FÉKh ø«ª°†J á£jô°T ,]áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG[ ø«fGƒb ÖLƒªH
Private sector participation in infrastructure projects may be devised in a variety of differentÖ∏W hô°T ™e ≥aGƒàj ƒëf ≈∏Y RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a øs
forms, ranging from publicly owned and operated infrastructure to fully privatized projects (see the«Ñ o j ¿CG Öéjh .∂dòH ÉfÉ«H ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG äGAGôLGh »fƒfÉ≤dG ¿É«µdG Gòg ∫Ée ¢SCGôd ≈fOC’G óëdÉH ≥∏©àj Gôà°TG ...CG äÉMGôàb’G
Legislative Guide, “Introduction and background information on privately financed infrastructure.ɪ¡«∏Y á«°SÉ°SCG äGô««¨J ...CGh »∏NGódG ¬eɶfh »°SÉ°SC’G ¬eɶf ≈∏Y IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG á≤aGƒe
projects”, paras. 47-53). Those general policy options typically determine the legislative approach foräGOƒ````LƒªdG ᫵∏e -31 »LPƒªæ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG
ownership of project-related assets (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and operation(39) ô¶˘fG)»©jô°ûàdG π«dó˘dG44 á«```°Uƒ˘à˘dG ,
of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 20-26). Irrespective of the host(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 26-20 äGô≤ØdGh
country’s general or sectoral policy, the ownership regime of the various assets involved should be¿ƒµJ ¿CG Öéj hCG ¿ƒµJ »àdG äGOƒLƒªdG ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Oóëj ¿CG ø«©àj
clearly defined and based on sufficient legislative authority. Clarity in this respect is important, as itÖMÉ°üd á«°Uƒ°üN äɵ∏àªe ¿ƒµJ ¿CG Öéj hCG ¿ƒµJ »àdG äGOƒLƒªdGh ,á«eƒªY äɵ∏àªe
will directly affect the concessionaire’s ability to create security interests in project assets for the:á«dÉàdG äÉÄØ∏d »ªàæJ »àdG äGOƒLƒªdG ,á°UÉN áØ°üH ,QƒcòªdG ó≤©dG Oóëj ¿CG ø«©àjh .RÉ«àe’G
purpose of raising financing for the project (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and(CG)á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG ɡ૵∏e π≤f hCG É¡JOÉYÉH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U Ωnõ∏
operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 52-61). Consistento
with the flexible approach taken by various legal systems, the model provision does not contemplatej »àdG äGOƒLƒªdG
an unqualified transfer of all assets to the contracting authority but allows a distinction between assets∂∏J äôaƒJ ¿EG ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ΩɵMC’ É≤ah IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG √OóëJ ôNBG ¿É«c ...CG ≈dEG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG
that must be transferred to the contracting authority, assets that may be purchased by the contracting;äGOƒLƒªdG
authority, at its option, and assets that remain the private property of the concessionaire, upon expiry(Ü)øe ,ÉgQÉ«àNG ≈∏Y AÉæH ,É¡jôà°ûJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj »àdG äGOƒLƒªdG
or termination of the concession contract or at any other time.24 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects;äGOƒLƒªdG ∂∏J äôaƒJ ¿EG ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
or, as appropriate, shall assist the concessionaire in obtaining such rights(ê)óæY É¡«a ±ô°üàj hCG É¡«≤Ñà°ùj ¿CG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd Rƒéj »àdG äGOƒLƒªdG
related to the project site, including title thereto, as may be necessary for the.äGOƒLƒªdG ∂∏J äôaƒJ ¿EG ,¬FÉ¡fG hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ°†≤fG
implementation of the project.ô¶fG) ´hô°ûªdG ™bƒªH á∏°üàªdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG RÉ«àMG -32 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
2. Any compulsory acquisition of land that may be required for the(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 29-27 äGô≤ØdGh 45 á«°UƒàdG
implementation of the project shall be carried out in accordance with [the-1¿ƒfÉ≤dG ΩɵMCG ÖLƒªH ,iôNCG á«eƒªY á£∏°S ...CG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y
enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws that govern compulsory≥M ∂dP »a ɪH ,´hô°ûªdG ™bƒªH á∏°üàªdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ôaƒJ ¿CG ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Yh
acquisition of private property by public authorities for reasons of publicá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
interest].23
Model provision 33. Easements(39)
40»àdG á«àëàdG ≈æÑdG ø«H Ée ìhGôàJ áØ∏àîe ∫ɵ°TCÉH á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe »a ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG ácQÉ°ûe ô«HóJ øµªj
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 45 and chap. IV, para. 30)ô¶fG) ¢UÉîdG ´É£≤∏d ÉeɪJ ácƒ∏ªªdG ™jQÉ°ûªdGh ,É¡∏q¨°ûjh ΩÉ©dG ´É£≤dG É¡µ∏ªj»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,"øY á«Ø∏N äÉeƒ∏©eh áeó≤e
Variant A¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe"è¡ædG IOÉY OóëJ »àdG »g áeÉ©dG á«JÉ°SÉ«°ùdG äGQÉ«îdG √ògh .(53-47 äGô≤ØdG
1. The contracting authority or other public authority under the,™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 26-20 äGô≤ØdG ô¶fG) ´hô°ûªdÉH á≤∏©àªdG äGOƒLƒªdG ᫵∏˘ª˘H ¢Uɢî˘dG »˘©˘jô˘°ûà˘dG"á«àëàdG á«æÑdG 󫫢°ûJ
terms of the law and the concession contract shall make available to the´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’G :É¡∏«¨°ûJh" øe ,(»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGó∏Ñ∏d á«YÉ£≤dG hCG áeÉ©dG á°SÉ«°ùdG øY ô¶ædG ±ô°üHh .
concessionaire or, as appropriate, shall assist the concessionaire to enjoy.±Éc »©jô°ûJ πjƒîJ ≈dEG Góæà°ùeh 샰VƒH GOóëe ¿ƒµj ¿CG »¨Ñæj á«æ©ªdG äGOƒLƒªdG ∞∏àîe ᫵∏e Ωɶf ¿EÉa ,∞«°†ªdG
the right to enter upon, transit through or do work or fix installations upon´hô°ûªdG äGOƒLƒe »a á«fɪ°V ídÉ°üe OÉéjG ≈∏Y RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U IQób ≈∏Y Iô°TÉÑe ôKDƒ«°S ¬fC’ Oó°üdG Gòg »a º¡e 샰VƒdGh
property of third parties, as appropriate and required for the implementation of the project in accordance with [the enacting State indicates the,™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 61-52 äGô≤ØdG ,ô¶fG) ´hô°ûª∏d ΩRÓdG πjƒªàdG ™ªL ¢VGôZC’"QÉW’G :É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ó««°ûJ
provisions of its laws that govern easements and other similar rights´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJGh »©jô°ûàdG" øe ,»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGºµëdG Gòg ¿EÉa ,á«fƒfÉ≤dG º¶ædG ∞∏àîe √òîàJ ...òdG ¿ôªdG è¡ædG ™e ÉbÉ°ùJGh .(
enjoyed by public utility companies and infrastructure operators underÉ¡∏≤f ÖLGƒdG äGOƒLƒªdG ø«H õ««ªàdG ≈∏Y óYÉ°ùj ¬æµdh ,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG äGOƒLƒªdG πµd É≤∏£e Ó≤f ≈Nƒàj ’ »LPƒªædG
its laws].óæY ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd á«°Uƒ°üîdG äɵ∏પdG øe ≈≤ÑJ »àdG äGOƒLƒªdGh ,ÉgQÉ«àNÉH É¡jôà°ûJ »àdG äGOƒLƒªdGh ,á£∏°ùdG √òg ≈dEG
Variant B.ôNBG âbh ...CG »a hCG ,¬FÉ¡fEG hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ°†≤fG∂∏J ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG »a ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,√óYÉ°ùJ ¿CG hCG ,´hô°ûªdG ò«Øæàd Ωõ∏j ób ɪѰùM ,¬à«µ∏e
1..
The concessionaire shall have the right to enter upon, transit¥ƒ≤ëdG
through or do work or fix installations upon property of third parties, as-2´hô°ûªdG ò«Øæàd É¡«∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG Ωõ∏j ób »àdG ¢VQCÓd ...ô°ùb RÉ«àMG ...CG òsØæ
appropriate and required for the implementation of the project ino
accordance with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of its lawsj
that govern easements and other similar rights enjoyed by public utilityøq
companies and infrastructure operators under its laws].«ÑJ[ `d É≤ahøe á«°Uƒ°üîdG äɵ∏પ∏d ...ô°ù≤dG RÉ«àMÓd áªXÉædG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG
2.áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdÉH ≥∏©àJ ÜÉÑ°SC’ á«eƒª©dG äÉ£∏°ùdG πÑb.
Any easements that may be required for the implementation of]
the project shall be created in accordance with [the enacting State¥ÉØJQ’G ¥ƒ≤M -33 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
indicates the provisions of its laws that govern the creation of easements(40)
for reasons of public interest].ô¶fG)»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG30 Iô≤ØdGh 45 á«°UƒàdG ,
40(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe
The right to transit on or through adjacent property for project-related purposes or to do work∞``dCG π``jóÑdG
on such property may be acquired by the concessionaire directly or may be compulsorily acquired by-1ΩɵMCG ÖLƒªH ,iôNCG á«eƒªY á£∏°S ...CG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈∏Y
a public authority simultaneously with the project site. A somewhat different alternative, which isáãdÉK ±GôWCG äɵ∏àªe ∫ƒNO »a ≥ëdG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ôaƒJ ¿CG ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Yh ¿ƒfÉ≤dG
reflected in variant B, might be for the law itself to empower public service providers to enter, passò«Øæàd ΩR’h Ö°SÉæe ƒg Ée Ö°ùëH ,É¡«a äGõ«¡éJ Ö«côJ hCG ∫ɨ°TCÉH ΩÉ«≤dG hCG ÉgQƒÑY hCG
through or do work or fix installations upon the property of third parties, as required for the construction, operation and maintenance of public infrastructure (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV,[ `d É≤ah ,≥ëdG ∂dòH ™àªàdG ≈∏Y ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,√óYÉ°ùJ ¿CG hCG ,´hô°ûªdGOó–
“Construction and operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”,iôNC’G á∏KɪªdG ¥ƒ≤ëdGh ¥ÉØJQ’G ¥ƒ≤M º¶æJ »àdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG
paras. 30-32).Part two. Model legislative provisions 25É¡æ«fGƒb ÖLƒªH á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ƒ∏¨°ûeh á«eƒª©dG ™aÉæªdG äÉcô°T É¡H ™àªàJ »àdG.]
Model provision 34. Financial arrangements (see the LegislativeAÉ````H π``jóÑdG
Guide, recommendations 46, 47 and 48 and chap. IV, paras. 33-51)-1hCG áãdÉK ±GôWCG äɵ∏àªe ∫ƒNO »a ≥ëdG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ¿ƒµj
1. The concessionaire shall have the right to charge, receive or collectò«Øæàd ΩR’h Ö°SÉæe ƒg Ée Ö°ùëH ,É¡«a äGõ«¡éJ Ö«côJ hCG ∫ɨ°TCÉH ΩÉ«≤dG hCG ÉgQƒÑY
tariffs or fees for the use of the facility or its services in accordance with the[ `d É≤ah ´hô°ûªdG¥ÉØJQ’G ¥ƒ≤M º¶æJ »àdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OóëJ
concession contract, which shall provide for methods and formulas for theá«æÑdG ƒ∏¨°ûeh á«eƒª©dG ™aÉæªdG äÉcô°T É¡H ™àªàJ »àdG iôNC’G á∏Kɢª˘ª˘dG ¥ƒ˘≤˘ë˘dGh
establishment and adjustment of those tariffs or fees [in accordance with theÉ¡æ«fGƒb ÖLƒªH á«àëàdG].
rules established by the competent regulatory agency].-2´hô``°ûªdG ò«Øæàd É¡«∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG Ωõ∏j ób ¥ÉØJQG ¥ƒ≤M ...CG CÉ°ûæoJ
41[ `d É≤ahÜÉÑ°SC’ ¥ÉØJQ’G ¥ƒ≤M AÉ°ûfG º¶æJ »àdG É¡æ«fGƒb ΩɵMCG áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG OóëJ
2. The contracting authority shall have the power to agree to makeáeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdÉH ≥∏©àJ].
direct payments to the concessionaire as a substitute for, or in addition to,24
tariffs or fees for the use of the facility or its services.¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
Model provision 35. Security interests (see the Legislative Guide,(40)
recommendation 49 and chap. IV, paras. 52-61)hCG ´hô°ûªdÉH ≥∏©àJ ¢VGôZC’ IQhÉée äɵ∏àªe ∫ÓN QƒÑ©dG hCG QhôªdG ≥M ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd øµªj
1. Subject to any restriction that may be contained in the concession...òdG QÉ«îdG ÉeCG .´hô°ûªdG ™bƒe ™e øeGõàdÉH Gô°ùb ¬«∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdÉH á«eƒª©dG á£∏°ùdG Ωƒ≤J ób hCG Iô°TÉÑe IQƒ°üH É¡«a ∫ɨ°TCÉH ΩÉ«≤∏d
contract,∫ƒNO ≥M á«eƒª©dG äÉeóîdG »eó≤ªd ¬°ùØf ¿ƒfÉ≤dG πjƒîJ á«fɵeG »a πãªà«a ,AÉH πjóÑdG »a óq°ùée ƒgh ,Ó«∏b ∂dP øY ∞∏àîj
42É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«eƒª©dG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ó««°ûJ ¬Ñ∏£àj ɪѰùM ,É¡«a äGõ«¡éJ Ö«côJ hCG ∫ɨ°TCÉH ΩÉ«≤dG hCG ÉgQƒÑY hCG áãdÉK ±GôWCG äɵ∏àªe
the concessionaire has the right to create security interests over any,™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 32-30 äGô≤ØdG ô¶fG) É¡àfÉ«°Uh"´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉW’G :É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ó««°ûJ"øe ,(
of its assets, rights or interests, including those relating to the infrastructure»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG. ô¶fG) á«dɪdG äÉÑ«JôàdG -34 »LPƒªæ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG48h 47h 46 äÉ«°Uƒ˘à˘dG ,
project, as required to secure any financing needed for the project, including,(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 51 - 33 äGô≤ØdGh
in particular, the following:-1äÉØjô©J π«°üëJ hCG »°VÉ≤J hCG ¢Vôa »a ≥ëdG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ¿ƒµj ¿CG ø«©àj
(a) Security over movable or immovable property owned by the≠«°Uh ≥FGôW ≈∏Y ¢üæj ¿CG Öéj ...òdG RÉ«àe’G ó≤©d É≤ah ¬JÉeóN hCG ≥aôªdÉH ´ÉØàf’G ≈∏Y Ωƒ°SQ hCG
concessionaire or its interests in project assets;[ É¡∏jó©Jh Ωƒ°SôdG hCG äÉØjô©àdG ∂∏J AÉ°SQE’á°üàîªdG á«HÉbôdG áÄ«¡dG É¡©°†J »àdG óYGƒ≤∏d É≤ah.]
(b) A pledge of the proceeds of, and receivables owed to the(41)
concessionaire for, the use of the facility or the services it provides.-2≈dEG Iô°TÉÑe äÉ©aO AGôLG ≈∏Y ¥ÉØJ’G »a á«MÓ°üdG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d ¿ƒµj
2. The shareholders of the concessionaire shall have the right to pledgehCG ,¬JÉeóN hCG ≥``aôªdÉH ´ÉØàf’G ≈∏Y Ωƒ```°SôdG hCG äÉØjô```©àdG øY πjóÑc ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
or create any other security interest in their shares in the concessionaire..É¡«dG áaÉ°VG
3. No security under paragraph 1 may be created over public propertyô¶fG) á«fɪ°†dG ídÉ°üªdG -35 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG-52 äGô≤ØdGh 49 á«°UƒàdG ,
or other property, assets or rights needed for the provision of a public service,(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 61
where the creation of such security is prohibited by the law of [the enacting-1,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ¬æª°†àj ¿CG Rƒéj ó««≤J ...CÉH ÉægQ
State].(42)
41AÉ°ûfEG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ≥ëj
Tolls, fees, prices or other charges accruing to the concessionaire, which are referred to in theá«æÑdG ´hô°ûªH á≤∏©àªdG ∂∏J É¡«a ɪH ,¬ëdÉ°üe hCG ¬bƒ≤M hCG ¬JGOƒLƒe øe ...CG »a á«fɪ°V ídÉ°üe
Legislative Guide as “tariffs”, may be the main (sometimes even the sole) source of revenue to recover¬Lh ≈∏Y ∂dP »a ɪH ,´hô°ûª∏d ΩR’ πjƒªJ ...CG ¿Éª°V ¬Ñ∏£àj ...òdG ƒë˘æ˘dG ≈˘∏˘Y ,᢫˘à˘ë˘à˘dG
the investment made in the project in the absence of subsidies or payments by the contracting:»∏j Ée ¢Uƒ°üîdG
authority or other public authorities (see the Legislative Guide, chap. II, “Project risks and government(CG)hCG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U É¡µ∏àªj »àdG ádƒ≤æªdG ô«Z hCG ádƒ≤æªdG äɵ∏પdÉH ¿Éª°V
support”, paras. 30-60). The cost at which public services are provided is typically an element of the;´hô°ûªdG äGOƒLƒe »a ¬ëdÉ°üe
Government’s infrastructure policy and a matter of immediate concern for large sections of the public.(Ü)ΩGóîà°SÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd áæjóªdG äÉ≤ëà°ùªdGh äGóFÉ©∏d øgQ
Thus, the regulatory framework for the provision of public services in many countries includes special.É¡eó≤j »àdG äÉeóîdG hCG ≥aôªdG
tariff-control rules. Furthermore, statutory provisions or general rules of law in some legal systems-2á«fɪ°V ídÉ°üe ...CG AÉ°ûfEG hCG øgQ RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°ûdG »a ø«ªgÉ°ùª∏d ≥ëj
establish parameters for pricing goods or services, for instance by requiring that charges meet certain.ácô°ûdG √òg »a º¡ª¡°SCG »a iôNCG
standards of “reasonableness”, “fairness” or “equity” (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 36-46).-3øe Égô«Z hCG á«eƒª©dG äɵ∏પdÉH ,1 Iô≤ØdG QÉWEG »a ,¿Éª°V ºjó≤J Rƒéj ’
42¬∏ãe ºjó≤J ¿Éc ≈àe ,á«eƒªY áeóN ºjó≤àd áeRÓdG ¥ƒ≤ëdG hCG äGOƒLƒª˘dG hCG ,äɢµ˘∏˘à˘ª˘ª˘dG
These restrictions may, in particular, concern the enforcement of the rights or interests relating[ ¿ƒfÉb ÖLƒªH GQƒ¶ëeáYôà°ûªdG ádhódG].
to assets of the infrastructure project.26 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
Model provision 36. Assignment of the concession contract (see the25
Legislative Guide, recommendation 50 and chap. IV, paras. 62(41)
and 63)»a É¡«dEG QÉ°ûªdGh ,RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd á≤ëà°ùªdG äÉjÉÑédG øe Égô«Z hCG QÉ©°SC’G hCG Ωƒ°SôdG hCG ¢SƒµªdG ¿ƒµJ ób
Except as otherwise provided in model provision 35, the rights and obligations of the concessionaire under the concession contract may not be assigned to third parties without the consent of the contracting authority. Theáª∏µH »©jô°ûàdG π«dódG"äÉØjô©J"»a ∞XƒªdG Qɪãà°S’G OGOôà°S’ (¿É«MC’G ¢†©H »a ó«MƒdGh πH) »°ù«FôdG äGóFÉ©dG Qó°üe
concession contract shall set forth the conditions under which the contractingπ°üØdG øe 60-30 äGô≤ØdG ô¶fG) iôNC’G á«eƒª©dG äÉ£∏°ùdG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øe äÉYƒaóe hCG äÉfÉYEG ...CG ÜÉ«Z »a ´hô°ûªdG
authority shall give its consent to an assignment of the rights and obligations,»fÉãdG"»eƒµëdG ºYódGh ™jQÉ°ûªdG ôWÉîe" øe ,(»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGóMCG IOÉY á«eƒª©dG äÉeóîdG É¡H Ωó≤J »àdG áØ∏µàdG ¿ƒµJh .
of the concessionaire under the concession contract, including the acceptance»ª«¶æàdG QÉWE’G ¿EÉa ∂dòdh .Qƒ¡ªédG øe Iô«Ñc äÉYÉ£≤d ô°TÉÑe ∫ɨ°ûfG Qó°üeh á«àëàdG á«æÑdÉH á≤∏©àªdG áeƒµëdG á°SÉ«°S ô°UÉæY
by the new concessionaire of all obligations thereunder and evidence of theáeÉ©dG óYGƒ≤dG hCG á«fƒfÉ≤dG ΩɵMC’G ¿G ɪc .äÉØjô©àdG áÑbGôªd á°UÉN óYGƒb πª°ûj ¿Gó∏ÑdG øe ô«ãµdG »a á«eƒª©dG äÉeóîdG ºjó≤àd
new concessionaire’s technical and financial capability as necessary forá«aƒà°ùe Ωƒ°SôdG ¿ƒµJ ¿CÉH ,Óãe , Gôà°T’G ≥jôW øY ,äÉeóîdG hCG ™∏°ùdG ô«©°ùàd äGôàeGQÉH ™°†J á«fƒfÉ≤dG º¶ædG ¢†©H »a ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d
providing the service.øe áæ«©e ô«jÉ©ªd"á«dƒ≤©ªdG" hCG"±É°üfE’G" hCG"ádGó©dG" ,™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 46-36 äGô≤ØdG ô¶fG)":É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ó««°ûJ
Model provision 37. Transfer of controlling interest´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉWE’G"øe ,(»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG.
43(42)
in the´hô°ûe äGOƒLƒªH á∏°üàªdG ídÉ``°üªdG hCG ¥ƒ``≤ëdG PÉØfEÉH ,¢Uƒ`°üîdG ¬``Lh ≈∏Y ,Oƒ«≤dG √ò```g ≥∏©àJ ób
concessionaire (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 51 and chap. IV, paras. 64-68) Except as otherwise provided in the concession contract, a controlling.á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y øY ∫RÉæàdG -36 »LPƒ˘ª˘æ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG50 á«°Uƒà˘dG ,
interest in the concessionaire may not be transferred to third parties without the(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 63 h 62 ø«Jô≤ØdGh
consent of the contracting authority. The concession contract shall set forth the¥ƒ≤M øY ∫RÉæàdG Rƒéj ’ ,35 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG »a ∂dòd ÉaÓN ¬«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæe ƒg Ée AÉæãà°SÉH
conditions under which consent of the contracting authority shall be given..IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG á≤aGƒe ¿hO áãdÉK ±GôWC’ RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ÖLƒªH ¬JÉeGõàdGh RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U
Model provision 38. Operation of infrastructure (see the LegislativeøY ∫RÉæàdG ≈∏Y É¡à≤aGƒe É¡ÑLƒªH IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG »£©J »àdG hô°ûdG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ø«Ñj ¿CG ø«©àjh
Guide, recommendation 53 and chap. IV, paras. 80-93 (for para. 1)ójóédG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ∫ƒÑb ∂dP »a ɪH ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ≈°†à≤ªH ¬JÉeGõàdGh RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ¥ƒ≤M
and recommendation 55 and chap. IV, paras. 96 and 97 (foráeRÓdG ójóédG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U iód á«dɪdGh á«æ≤àdG IQó≤dG äÉÑKEGh ¬«a IOQGƒdG äÉeGõàd’G ™«ªéH
para..
2))á«æ©ªdG áeóîdG ºjó≤àd
1. The concession contract shall set forth, as appropriate, the extent ofáÑdÉZ á°üM π≤f -37 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG
the concessionaire’s obligations to ensure:(43)
(a) The modification of the service so as to meet the demand for theô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°ûdG »a»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
service;(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 68-64 äGô≤ØdGh 51 á«°UƒàdG
(b) The continuity of the service; (c) The provision of the service under essentially the same conditions for all users; (d) The non-discriminatory access, as appropriate, of other service providers to any public infrastructure network operated by the concessionaire. 43 The notion of “controlling interest” generally refers to the power to appoint the management of a corporation and influence or determine its business. Different criteria may be used in various legal»a áÑdÉZ á°üM π≤f Rƒéj ’ ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a ∂dòd ÉaÓN ¬«∏Y ¢Uƒ°üæe ƒg Ée AÉæãà°SÉH
systems or even in different bodies of law within the same legal system, ranging from formal criteriaRÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ø«Ñj ¿CG ø«©àjh .IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG á≤aGƒe ¿hO áãdÉK ±GôWCG ≈dEG RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°ûdG
attributing a controlling interest to the ownership of a certain amount (typically more than 50 per cent).É¡ÑLƒªH á≤aGƒªdG √òg IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG »£©J »àdG hô°ûdG
of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of a corporation to more complex criteriaô¶fG) á«àëàdG á«æÑdG 𫨰ûJ -38 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGäGô≤ØdGh 53 á«°UƒàdG ,
that take into account the actual management structure of a corporation. Enacting States that do notøe 97h 96 ø``«Jô≤ØdGh 55 á``«°UƒàdGh (1 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) ™``HGôdG π```°üØdG øe 93-80
have a statutory definition of “controlling interest” may need to define the term in regulations issued((2 Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) ™HGôdG π°üØdG
to implement the model provision.Part two. Model legislative provisions 27-1:»∏j Ée ¿Éª°†H RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U äÉeGõàdG ióe ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ø«Ñj
2. The concessionaire shall have the right to issue and enforce rules(CG);É¡«∏Y »∏©ØdG Ö∏£dG á«Ñ∏J ™e ≥aGƒàj ɪH áeóîdG πjó©J
governing the use of the facility, subject to the approval of the contracting(Ü);áeóîdG ájQGôªà°SG
authority or a regulatory body.(ê);ø«∏ª©à°ùªdG ™«ªéd É°SÉ°SCG É¡°ùØf hô°ûdÉH áeóîdG ô«aƒJ
Model provision 39. Compensation for specific changes in legislation(O)Ö°ùMh õ««ªJ ¿hO ,øjôNB’G äÉeóîdG »eqó≤e ∫ƒ°Uh πÑ°S ô«aƒJ
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 58, subpara. (c), and.RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U É¡∏u¨°ûj »àdG á«eƒª©dG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG äɵѰT øe ...CG ≈dEG ,AÉ°†àb’G
chap. IV, paras. 122-125)26
The concession contract shall set forth the extent to which the¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
concessionaire is entitled to compensation in the event that the cost of the(43)
concessionaire’s performance of the concession contract has substantiallyΩƒ¡Øe ô«°ûj"áÑdɨdG á°üëdG".ÉgójóëJ hCG É¡dɪYCG »a ºµëàdGh áæ«©e ácô°ûd ájQGOEG áÄ«g ø««©J á£∏°S ≈dEG ÉeƒªY
increased or that the value that the concessionaire receives for such performance has substantially diminished, as compared with the costs and the value ofìhGôàJ ,óMGƒdG »fƒfÉ≤dG ΩɶædG πNGO á«fƒfÉ≤dG äÉÄ«¡dG ∞∏àîe øª°V ≈àMh á«fƒfÉ≤dG º¶ædG ≈à°T »a áØ∏àîe ô«jÉ©e ΩGóîà°SG Rƒéjh
performance originally foreseen, as a result of changes in legislation or regulations specifically applicable to the infrastructure facility or the services itá«àjƒ°üàdG Iƒ≤dG »dɪLEG øe (áFɪdG »a ø«°ùªN ≈∏Y ójõj Ée IOÉY) ø«©e QGó≤e ᫵∏e ≈dEG áÑdɨdG á°üëdG Ö°ùæJ á«∏µ°T ô«jÉ©e ø«H Ée
provides.∫hódG êÉàëJ óbh .ácô°û∏d »∏©ØdG ...QGOE’G πµ«¡dG ¿ÉÑ°ùëdG »a òNCÉJ Gó«≤©J ôãcCG ô«jÉ©eh ácô°ûdG º¡°SCG äÉÄa áaɵd ᩪàée
Model provision 40. Revision of the concession contract (see the`d »fƒfÉb ∞jô©J É¡jód ¢ù«d »àdG áYôà°ûªdG"áÑdɨdG á°üëdG"Gòg ò«Øæàd ᫪«¶æJ íFGƒd øe √Qó°üJ Ée øª°V IQÉÑ©dG √òg ∞jô©J ≈dEG
Legislative Guide, recommendation 58, subpara. (c), and chap. IV,.»LPƒªædG ºµëdG-2ÉægQ ,≥aôªdG ΩGóîà°SG º¶æJ óYGƒb PÉØfEGh QGó°UEG Rɢ«˘à˘e’G ÖMɢ°üd ≥˘ë˘j
paras..
126-130)á«HÉbQ áÄ«g hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG á≤aGƒªH
1. Without prejudice to model provision 39, the concession contractô¶fG) áæ«©e á«©jô°ûJ äGô««¨J øY ¢†jƒ©àdG -39 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGIô≤ØdG ,
shall further set forth the extent to which the concessionaire is entitled to aá«YôØdG(ê)(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 125-122 äGô≤ØdGh 58 á«°UƒàdG øe
revision of the concession contract with a view to providing compensation»a ¢†jƒ©J ≈∏Y ∫ƒ°üëdG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ≥ëj ióe ...CG ≈dEG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ø«Ñj ¿CG ø«©àj
in the event that the cost of the concessionaire’s performance of the concession contract has substantially increased or that the value that theGòg øe RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U √É≤∏àj Ée ᪫b ¢übÉæJ hCG Gô«Ñc GOÉjORG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y √ò«ØæJ áØ∏µJ OÉjORG ∫ÉM
concessionaire receives for such performance has substantially diminished, asäÉ©jô°ûàdG »a äGô««¨à∏d áé«àf ,Ó°UCG á©bƒàªdG ¬àª«bh ò«ØæàdG ∞«dɵàH áfQÉ≤e Gô«Ñc É°übÉæJ ò«ØæàdG
compared with the costs and the value of performance originally foreseen, as.É¡eó≤j »àdG áeóîdG hCG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe ≈∏Y GójóëJ á≤Ñ£æªdG ᫪«¶æàdG íFGƒ∏dGh
a result of:ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y í«≤æJ -40 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ,(ê)øe
(a) Changes in economic or financial conditions; or(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 130-126 äGô≤ØdGh 58 á«°UƒàdG
(b) Changes in legislation or regulations not specifically applicable to-1ióe ...CG ≈dEG É°†jCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Oóëj ,39 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉH ¢SÉ°ùªdG ¿hO
the infrastructure facility or the services it provides;áØ∏µJ OÉjORG ∫ÉM »a ¢†jƒ©àdÉH ɪµM ¬æ«ª°†J ±ó¡H RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y í«≤æJ RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ≥ëj
provided that the economic, financial, legislative or regulatory changes:áfQÉ≤e Gô«Ñc É°übÉæJ ò«ØæàdG Gòg øe √É≤∏àj Ée ᪫b ¢übÉæJ hCG Gô«Ñc GOÉjORG ó≤©dG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ò«ØæJ
(a) Occur after the conclusion of the contract;:»∏j ɪd áé«àf ∂dPh ,Ó°UCG á©bƒàªdG ¬àª«bh ò«ØæàdG ∞«dɵàH
(b) Are beyond the control of the concessionaire; and(CG)hCG ,á«dɪdG hCG ájOÉ°üàb’G ±hô¶dG »a äGô«¨J
(c) Are of such a nature that the concessionaire could not reasonably be(Ü)≥aôe ≈∏Y GójóëJ ≥Ñ£æJ ’ »àdG ᫪«¶æàdG íFGƒ∏dGh äÉ©jô°ûàdG »a äGô««¨J
expected to have taken them into account at the time the concession contract;É¡eó≤j »àdG áeóîdG hCG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG
was negotiated or to have avoided or overcome their consequences.:᫪«¶æàdG hCG á«©jô°ûàdG hCG á«dɪdG hCG ájOÉ°üàb’G äGô«¨àdG ¿ƒµJ ¿CG á£jô°T
2. The concession contract shall establish procedures for revising(CG);ó≤©dG ΩGôHEG ó©H âKóM ób
the terms of the concession contract following the occurrence of any such(Ü);RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U Iô£«°S ¥É£f êQÉN ™≤J
changes.28 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects(ê)ób RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ¿ƒµj ¿CG ádƒ≤©e IQƒ°üH ™bƒàdG ¬©e øµªj ’ ™HÉW äGP
Model provision 41..
Takeover of an infrastructure project by theÉ¡«∏Y Ö∏¨J hCG É¡éFÉàf iOÉØJ hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ≈∏Y ¢VhÉØàdG AÉæKCG ÉgÉYGQ
contracting authority (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 59-2ó©H ¬eɵMCG í«≤æàH á≤∏©àªdG á«FGôLE’G óYGƒ≤dG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ™°†j ¿CG ø«©àj
and chap. IV, paras. 143-146).√ò¡c äGô««¨J ...CG çhóM
Under the circumstances set forth in the concession contract, the contracting authority has the right to temporarily take over the operation of the facilityá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
for the purpose of ensuring the effective and uninterrupted delivery of the27 ô¶fG) á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ´hô°ûe IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG »dƒJ -41 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
service in the event of serious failure by the concessionaire to perform its(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 146-143 äGô≤ØdGh 59 á«°UƒàdG
obligations and to rectify the breach within a reasonable period of time after𫨰ûJ ÉàbDƒe ≈dƒàJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d ≥ëj ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a áæ«ÑªdG ±hô¶dG ÖLƒªH
having been given notice by the contracting authority to do so.øe º«°ùL ô«°ü≤J çhóM ∫ÉM »a ´É£≤fG ¿hOh ∫É
Model provision 42. Substitution of the concessionaire (see theq©a ƒëf ≈∏Y áeóîdG ô«aƒJ ¿Éª°V ¢Vô¨d ≥aôªdG
Legislative Guide, recommendation 60 and chap. IV, paras. 147-150)á«æeR Iôàa ¿ƒ°†Z »a ô«°ü≤àdG ∂dP ∑QGóJ øY √õéYh ¬JÉeGõàdÉH AÉaƒdG »a RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ÖfÉL
The contracting authority may agree with the entities extending financing.∂dòH ΩÉ«≤∏d IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øe GQÉ©°TEG ¬«≤∏J øe ádƒ≤©e
for an infrastructure project and the concessionaire to provide for the substitution of the concessionaire by a new entity or person appointed to performô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U øY á°VÉ©à°S’G -42 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG60 á«°UƒàdG ,
under the existing concession contract upon serious breach by the(™HGôdG π°üØdG øe 150-147 äGô≤ØdGh
concessionaire or other events that could otherwise justify the termination ofá«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe øe ÉYhô°ûe ∫qƒªJ »àdG äÉfÉ«µdG ™e ≥ØàJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj
the concession contract or other similar circumstances.ójóL ¢üî°T hCG ¿É«µH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U øY á°VÉ©à°S’G á«fɵeG ô«aƒJ ≈∏Y RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ™eh
44hCG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ÖfÉL øe º«°ùL ∫ÓNEG ∫ƒ°üM óæY ºFÉ≤dG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ÖLƒªH ò«Øæà∏d ø«©j
IV..
Duration, extension and termination ofá∏Kɪe iôNCG ±hôX hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEG QôÑJ ¿CG øµªj iôNCG çGóMCG ´ƒbh
the concession contract(44)
1. Duration and extension of the concession contract-É©HGQ√DhÉ¡fEGh √ójóªJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Ióe
Model provision 43. Duration and extension of the concession-1√ójóªJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Ióe
contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 62 and chap. V,ô¶fG) √ójóªJh RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Ióe -43 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGäGô≤ØdGh 62 á«°UƒàdG ,
paras. 2-8)(¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdG øe 8-2
The duration of the concession shall be set forth in the concession contract.ÉgójóªJ ≈∏Y ≥aGƒJ ¿CG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ’h .
The contracting authority may not agree to extend its duration except asRÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a RÉ«àe’G Ióe øs
a result of the following circumstances:«ÑoJ
(a) Delay in completion or interruption of operation due to circumstances beyond the reasonable control of either party;:á«dÉàdG ±hô¶∏d áé«àf ’EG
(b) Project suspension brought about by acts of the contracting authority(CG)¥É£ædG RhÉéàJ ±hôX AGôL øe 𫨰ûàdG π£©J hCG RÉéf’G á«∏ªY »a ôNCÉàdG
or other public authorities;hCG ;ø«aô£dG øe ...CG Iô£«°ùd ∫ƒ≤©ªdG
44(Ü)äÉ£∏°S hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øY IQOÉ°U ∫É©aCG AGôL øe ´hô°ûªdG ≥«∏©J
The substitution of the concessionaire by another entity, proposed by the lenders and acceptedhCG ;iôNCG á«eƒªY
by the contracting authority under the terms agreed by them, is intended to give the parties an28
opportunity to avert the disruptive consequences of termination of the concession contract (see the¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG
Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and(44)
project agreement”, paras. 147-150). The parties may wish first to resort to other practical measures,hô°T ÖLƒªH IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ¬H πÑ≤Jh ¿ƒ°Vô≤ªdG ¬Môà≤j ôNBG ¿É«µH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U øY á°VÉ©à°S’G øe ó°ü≤dG
possibly in a successive fashion, such as temporary takeover of the project by the lenders or by aô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fE’ á«°ùµ©dG QÉKB’G ...OÉØàd ±GôWCÓd á°UôØdG áMÉJEG ƒg É¡«∏Y ¿ƒ≤Øàj»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,™HGôdG π°üØdG ,"á«æÑdG ó««°ûJ
temporary administrator appointed by them, or enforcement of the lenders’ security over the shares´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJGh »©jô°ûàdG QÉWE’G :É¡∏«¨°ûJh á«àëàdG"á«∏ªY ô«HGóJ ≈dEG ’hCG Aƒé∏dG »a ±GôWC’G ÖZôJ óbh .(150-147 äGô≤ØdG
of the concessionaire company by selling those shares to a third party acceptable to the contractingø«°Vô≤ªdG PÉØfEG hCG ,áàbDƒe IQƒ°üH ¬JQGOE’ ¢üî°T ø««©àH º¡eÉ«b hCG ÉàbDƒe ´hô°ûªdG ø«°Vô≤ªdG »dƒàc ,»ÑbÉ©J ƒëf ≈∏Y ɪHQ ,iôNCG
authority.Part two. Model legislative provisions 29.IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG iód ’ƒÑ≤e ¿ƒµj ådÉK ±ôW ≈dEG º¡°SC’G ∂∏J º¡©«ÑH RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°ûdG º¡°SCÉH º¡«dG Ωó≤ªdG ¿Éª°†dG(ê)øµJ ºd IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d äÉLÉ«àMG øY áªLÉf ∞«dɵàdG »a IOÉjR ∫ƒ°üM
(c) Increase in costs arising from requirements of the contracting authority not originally foreseen in the concession contract, if the concessionaire¿hO ∞«dɵàdG ∂∏J OGOôà°SG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U áYÉ£à°SÉH øµj ºd GPEG ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a Ó°UCG IÉNƒàe
would not be able to recover such costs without such extension; orhCG ;ójóªàdG ∂dP (O)[áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG √OóëJ ...òdG ƒëædG ≈∏Y ,iôNCG ±hôX.]
(d) [Other circumstances, as specified by the enacting State].(45)
45-2RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEG
2. Termination of the concession contractô¶fG) IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fE
Model provision 44. Termination of the concession contract by theEG -44 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
contracting authority (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 63 and chap. V, paras. 14-27)(¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdG øe 27-14 äGô≤ØdGh 63 á«°UƒàdG
The contracting authority may terminate the concession contract::RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj
(a) In the event that it can no longer be reasonably expected that the(CG)¿ƒµj ¿CG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U øe ∫ƒ≤©e πµ°ûH ™qbƒàdG øµªªdG øe Oƒ©j ’ ÉeóæY
concessionaire will be able or willing to perform its obligations, owing to;∂dP ô«Z hCG º«°ùL ∫ÓNEG hCG QÉ°ùYEG AGôL øe ,Égò«Øæàd Gó©à°ùe hCG ¬JÉeGõàdG ò«ØæJ ≈∏Y GQOÉb
insolvency, serious breach or otherwise;(Ü)IôgÉb ÜÉÑ°SC’
(b) For compelling(46)
46 reasons of public interest, subject to payment of compensation to the concessionaire, the terms of the compensation to be as agreed in the concession contract; (c) [Other circumstances that the enacting State might wish to add].ÖMÉ°U ≈dEG ¢†jƒ©J ™aóH ÉægQ ,áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdÉH ≥∏©àJ
Model provision 45. Termination of the concession contract by the;RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a ¬«∏Y ≥Øàe ƒg ɪ∏ãe ¢†jƒ©àdG hô°T ¿ƒµJh ,RÉ«àe’G
concessionaire (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 64 and(ê)[É¡àaÉ°VEG »a áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG ÖZôJ ɪHQ iôNCG ±hôX.]
chap. V, paras. 28-33)ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ÖfÉL øe RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEEG -45 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
The concessionaire may not terminate the concession contract except(¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdG øe 33-28 äGô≤ØdGh 64 á«°UƒàdG
under the following circumstances::á«dÉàdG ±hô¶dG »a ’EG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEG RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd Rƒéj ’
(a) In the event of serious breach by the contracting authority or other(CG)iôNCG á«eƒªY á£∏°S hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ÖfÉL øe º«°ùédG ∫ÓN’G ∫ÉM »a
public authority of its obligations in connection with the concession contract;;RÉ«àe’G ó≤©H ≥∏©àj ɪ«a É¡JÉeGõàdÉH
(b) If the conditions for a revision of the concession contract under(Ü)ºµëdG ÖLƒªH RÉ``«àe’G ó≤Y í«``≤˘æ˘à˘d á˘eRÓ˘dG hô˘°ûdG ⫢aƒ˘à˘°SG GPG
model provision 40, paragraph 1, are met, but the parties have failed to agreehCG ;¬ë«≤æJ ≈∏Y É≤Øàj ºd ø«aô£dG øµdh 1 Iô≤ØdG ,40 »LPƒªædG
on a revision of the concession contract; or(ê)â°übÉæJ hCG Gô«Ñc GOÉjORG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ò«ØæJ áØ∏µJ äOGORG GPG
(c) If the cost of the concessionaire’s performance of the concessionIóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG øY IQOÉ°U ô«°ü≤J ¬LhCG hCG ∫É©aCG áé«àf Gô«Ñc É°übÉæJ ò«ØæàdG Gòg øe √É≤∏àj Ée ᪫b
contract has substantially increased or the value that the concessionaire receives for such performance has substantially diminished as a result of acts orø``«à«YôØdG ø``«Jô≤ØdÉH Ó``ªY ,Óãe ,∂dPh iôNCG á«eƒªY äÉ£∏°S hCG(ì) h( )ºµëdG øe
omissions of the contracting authority or other public authorities, for instance,.RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y í«≤æJ ≈∏Y ¿Éaô£dG ≥Øàj ºdh ,28 »LPƒªædG á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
pursuant to model provision 28, subparagraphs (h) and (i), and the parties have29
failed to agree on a revision of the concession contract.(45)
45ÜÉÑ°SC’ ,¬eɵMCÉH ÓªY RÉ«àe’G ó≤©d »FÉ°VôdG ójóªàdÉH ¿ƒfÉ≤dG ¿PCÉj ¿CG á«fɵeG »a ô¶ædG OƒJ áYôà°ûªdG ádhódG π©d
The enacting State may wish to consider the possibility of having the law authorize a consensual extension of the concession contract pursuant to its terms, for reasons of public interest, as.26 »LPƒªædG ºµëdÉ`H ÓªY IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ¬µ°ùªà°S ...òdG πé°ùdG »a QôѪdG ƒëædG ≈∏Y ,áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdÉH ≥∏©àJ
justified in the record to be kept by the contracting authority pursuant to model provision 26.(46)
46»a áMhô°ûe áeÉ©dG áë∏°üªdÉH ≥∏©àj GôgÉb ÉÑÑ°S πµ°ûJ ¿CG øµªj »àdG ä’ÉëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdG ,
Possible situations constituting a compelling reason of public interest are discussed in the"√DhÉ¡fGh √ójóªJh ´hô°ûªdG ¥ÉØJG Ióe".27 Iô≤ØdG , ô¶fG) ø«aô£dG øe ...CCG ÖfÉL øe RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEEG -46 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG,
Legislative Guide, chap.(¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdG øe 35h 34 ø«Jô≤ØdGh 65 á«°UƒàdG øe Ó«ëà°ùe ¬JÉeGõàdÉH √DhÉah íÑ°UCG GPG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEG »a ≥ëdG ø«aô£dG øe .
V, “Duration, extension and termination of the project agreement”, para...
27.30 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsC’ ¿ƒµj
Model provision 46. Termination of the concession contract byAÉ¡fEG »a ≥ëdG É°†jCG ø«aô£∏d ¿ƒµjh .ø«aô£dG øe ...CG Iô£«°ùd ∫ƒ≤©ªdG ¥É£ædG RhÉéàJ ±hôX AGôL
either party (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 65 and.»°VGôàdÉH RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y -3¬FÉ°†≤fG hCG RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG óæY äÉÑ«JôàdG
chap. V, paras. 34 and 35)ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fG óæY ¢†jƒ©àdG -47 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG67 á«°UƒàdG ,
Either party shall have the right to terminate the concession contract in the(¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdG øe 49-43 äGô≤ØdGh
event that the performance of its obligations is rendered impossible by circumstances beyond either party’s reasonable control. The parties shall also have∫ÉM »a ø«aô£dG øe ...C’ ≥ëà°ùªdG ¢†jƒ©àdG ÜÉ°ùM á«Ø«c RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y Oóëj ¿CG ø«©àj »àdG ∫ɨ°TCÓd áØ°üæªdG ᪫≤dG øY ¢†jƒ©àdG ≈∏Y ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,¢üæj ¿CGh ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y AÉ¡fEG
the right to terminate the concession contract by mutual consent.ɪH ø«aô£dG øe ...CG Égóq ѵJ »àdG ôFÉ°ùîdG hCG É¡∏
3. Arrangements upon termination or expiry ofqªëJ »àdG ∞«dɵàdGh ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ÖLƒªH äõéfCG
the concession contract.á©FÉ°†dG ìÉHQC’G ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,∂dP »a
Model provision 47. Compensation upon termination of the concession contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 67 andô¶fG) π≤ædG ô«HGóJh á«eÉàîdG á«Ø°üàdG ô«HGóJ -48 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«°UƒàdG , á«YôØdG Iô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 42-37 äGô≤ØdG ,¢ùeÉîdG π°üØdGh 66(CCG)π°üØdGh 68 á«°UƒàdGh (
chap. V, paras. 43-49)á«YôØdG äGô≤ØdG ¢Uƒ°üîH) 62-50 äGô≤ØdG ,¢ùeÉîdG(Ü) ≈dEEG((O)
The concession contract shall stipulate how compensation due to either:»∏j Ée ≈∏Y ,AÉ°†àb’G Ö°ùM ,RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y ¢üæj ¿CG ø«©àj
party is calculated in the event of termination of the concession contract,(CG);IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG äGOƒLƒªdG π≤æH á°UÉîdG äGAGôLE’Gh äÉ«dB’G
providing, where appropriate, for compensation for the fair value of works(Ü)äGOƒLƒªdÉH ≥∏©àj ɪ«a RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ¬≤ëà°ùj ¿CG øµªj ...òdG ¢†jƒ©àdG
performed under the concession contract, costs incurred or losses sustained by,IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG É¡jôà°ûJ »àdG hCG ójóL RÉ«àeG ÖMÉ°U ≈dEG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG πn≤æoJ »àdG
either party, including, as appropriate, lost profits.(ê);≥aôªdG 𫨰ûàd áeRÓdG É«LƒdƒæµàdG π≤f
Model provision 48. Wind-up and transfer measures (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 66 and chap. V, paras. 37-42 (for(O)𫨰ûJ ≈∏Y ≥HÉ°ù∏d ∞∏N RÉ«àeG ÖMÉ°U hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG »ØXƒe ÖjQóJ
subpara. (a)) and recommendation 68 and chap. V, paras. 50-62;¬àfÉ«°Uh ≥aôªdG
(for subparas. (b)-(d))(`g)∂dP »a ɪH ,OQGƒªdGh ºYódG äÉeóN π°UGƒàe πµ°ûH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ô«aƒJ
The concession contract shall provide, as appropriate, for:≈dEG hCG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ≈dEG ≥aôªdG ∫É≤àfG ó©H ádƒ≤©e á«æeR IôàØd ,âeõd ¿G ,QÉ«¨dG ™£b ójQƒJ
(a) Mechanisms and procedures for the transfer of assets to the contracting authority;.¬d ∞∏N RÉ«àeG ÖMÉ°U
(b) The compensation to which the concessionaire may be entitled in30
respect of assets transferred to the contracting authority or to a new¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫GΫ°ùfhC’G ΩɵMCG-É°ùeÉNäÉYRÉæªdG ájƒ°ùJ
concessionaire or purchased by the contracting authority;ô¶fG) RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°Uh IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«H äÉYRÉæªdG -49 »LPƒ˘ª˘æ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dGπ«dódG
(c) The transfer of technology required for the operation of the facility;»©jô°ûàdG(¢SOÉ°ùdG π°üØdG øe 41-3 äGô≤ØdGh 69 á«°UƒàdG ,
(d) The training of the contracting authority’s personnel or of a successor concessionaire in the operation and maintenance of the facility;ájƒ°ùàd äÉ«dBG ∫ÓN øe RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°Uh IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ùdG ø«H äÉYRÉæe ...CG iqƒ°ùJ .RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y »a ¿Éaô£dG É¡«∏Y ≥Øàj äÉYGõ`ædG
(e) The provision, by the concessionaire, of continuing support services(47)
and resources, including the supply of spare parts, if required, for a reasonable¬«∏ª©à°ùe hCCG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe øFÉHR πª°ûJ »àdG äÉYRÉ˘æ˘ª˘dG -50 »˘LPƒ˘ª˘æ˘dG º˘µ˘ë˘dG
period after the transfer of the facility to the contracting authority or to aô¶fG)»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG(¢SOÉ°ùdG π°üØdG øe 45-43 äGô≤ØdGh 71 á«°UƒàdG ,
successor concessionaire.Part two. Model legislative provisions 31áMÉàe á«àëàdG á«æÑ∏d ≥aGôe πu¨°ûj hCG Qƒ¡ªé∏d äÉeóN ô«aƒàH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U Ωƒ≤j ɪã«M
V. Settlement of disputesá«dÉ©ØdGh áWÉ°ùÑdÉH º°ùàJ äÉ«dBG AÉ°ûfEÉH RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°U ΩGõdEG IóbÉ©àªdG á£∏°ù∏d Rƒéj ,Qƒ¡ªé∏d
Model provision 49..
Disputes between the contracting authority andá«àëàdG á«æÑdG ≥aôe ƒ∏ª©à°ùe hCG ¬æFÉHR É¡eó≤j »àdG äÉÑdÉ£ªdG áédÉ©ªd
the concessionaire (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 69ô¶fG) iôNCC’G äÉYRÉæªdG -51 »LPƒªædG ºµëdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG42 Iô≤ØdGh 70 á«°UƒàdG ,
and chap. VI, paras. 3-41)(¢SOÉ°ùdG π°üØdG øe
Any disputes between the contracting authority and the concessionaire-1áÑ°SÉæªdG äÉ«dB’G QÉ«àNG ájôM É¡«a ø«ªgÉ°ùªdGh RÉ«àe’G áÑMÉ°U ácô°û∏d ¿ƒµj
shall be settled through the dispute settlement mechanisms agreed by the.º¡æ«H ɪ«a äÉYRÉæªdG ájƒ°ùàd
parties in the concession contract.-2äÉYRÉæªdG ájƒ°ùàd áÑ°SÉæªdG äÉ«dB’G ≈∏Y ¥ÉØJ’G ájôM RÉ«àe’G ÖMÉ°üd ¿ƒµj
47.ø«jQÉéàdG AÉcô°ûdG ôFÉ°Sh øjOQƒªdG øe º¡©e πeÉ©àj øeh ¬«dhÉ≤eh ¬«°Vô≤e ø«Hh ¬æ«H
Model provision 50. Disputes involving customers or users of theá«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G -»fÉãdG AõédG
infrastructure facility (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation31
71 and chap. VI, paras. 43-45)(47)
Where the concessionaire provides services to the public or operatesá«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe äÉLÉ«àM’ Ö°ùfC’G ¿ƒµJ äÉYRÉæªdG ájƒ°ùàd äÉ«dBG ≈∏Y É¡JÉ©jô°ûJ »a ¢üæJ ¿CG áYôà°ûªdG ádhó∏d
infrastructure facilities accessible to the public, the contracting authority may.¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdGπ«dO∫Gôà«°ùfhCC’G¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH »©jô°ûàdG
require the concessionaire to establish simplified and efficient mechanismsÇQÉ``≤∏d á`Xƒë∏e
for handling claims submitted by its customers or users of the infrastructureΩɵMCG (∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G) »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd äóªàYG ,2003 ¬«dƒj/RƒªJ ‘
facility.¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G
Model provision 51. Other disputes (see the Legislative Guide,(1)
recommendation 70 and chap. VI, para. 42)≈dEG áaÉ°VÉc
1. The concessionaire and its shareholders shall be free to choose the¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH »©jô°ûàdG ∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G π«dO»a ™°Vh ...òdG ,
appropriate mechanisms for settling disputes among themselves.»a áeó≤ªdG IQƒ°ûªdG á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ºLôàJh .äGƒæ°S çÓãH ∂dP πÑb á«FÉ¡ædG ¬à¨«°U
2.»a IOQGƒdG äÉ«°UƒàdG»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG.
The concessionaire shall be free to agree on the appropriate mechanisms for settling disputes between itself and its lenders, contractors, suppliersá«©jô°ûJ á¨d ≈dEG
and other business partners.≈ª°ùªdG Qƒ°ûæªdG ¢üf ,Ö°SÉæªdG âbƒdG »a ,óMƒJ ¿CG áfÉeC’G øe áæé∏dG âÑ∏WhΩɵMC’G
47¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH »©jô°ûàdG π«dódGh á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdGQƒ°ûæe »a
The enacting State may provide in its legislation dispute settlement mechanisms that are best»a IOQGƒdG á«©jô°ûàdG äÉ«°UƒàdG ≈∏Y ,∂dòH ΩÉ«≤dG óæY ,»≤ÑJ ¿CGh óMGh»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG¢SÉ°SCÉc
suited to the needs of privately financed infrastructure projects..
Further information may be obtained from:á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ƃ°üd
UNCITRAL secretariatOGóYG iódh´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G
Vienna International Centre¢UÉîdG »a Ωóîà°ùªdG πµ«¡dG ¿Éµ˘e’G Qó˘≤˘H á˘æ˘é˘∏˘dG â©˘Ñ˘JG ,»©jô°ûàdG π«dó˘dGäÉë∏£°üªdGh
PO Box 500.»©jô°ûJ ܃∏°SCÉH äÉ«°UƒàdG ¢üf áZÉ«°U IOÉYG ᫨H áØ«ØW äGô««¨J AGôLG ø«©J ¬fCG ó«H .¬«a áeóîà°ùªdG
A 1400 Viennaπãe) á«æ≤J ô«HÉ©J ÉfÉ«MCG øª°†àJ á«LPƒªædG á«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G ¿Éa ∂dP øY Ó°†ah"RÉ«àe’G ó≤Y"’óH (
Austria»a áeóîà°ùªdG á«Ø°Uh ôãcC’G ™HÉ£dG äGP äÉë∏£°üªdG øe»©jô°ûàdG π«dódG ,ádÉëdG √òg »a)"¥ÉØJG
Telephone: +(43) (1) 26060-4060´hô°ûªdG"»a IOQGƒdG äɶMÓªdG ,AÉ°†àb’G óæY í≤æJ ¿CGh ,¢Vô©à°ùJ ¿CG áfÉeC’G øe áæé∏dG âÑ∏Wh .(
Fax: +(43) (1) 26060-5813»©jô°ûàdG π«dódGá«©jô°ûàdG ΩɵMC’G »a áeóîà°ùªdG äÉë∏£°üªdGh πµ«¡dG ™e á≤aGƒ˘à˘e ɢ¡˘∏˘©˘é˘d ,
Internet: http://www.uncitral.org.á«LPƒªædG
E-mail: uncitral@uncitral.org(2)
03-90621_Cov3_pr.pmd 05/05/2004, 13:001UNCITRALøª°†àJ »©jô°ûàdG π«dó∏d IóMƒeh áë≤æe ᨫ°U Öjô≤dG πÑ≤à°ùª˘dG »˘a á˘fɢeC’G ô˘°ûæ˘à˘°Sh
Model Legislative Provisions¢UÉîdG ´É£≤dG øe ádƒªªdG á«àëàdG á«æÑdG ™jQÉ°ûe ¿CÉ°ûH á«LPƒªædG ΩɵMC’G.
on Privately Financed(1)
Infrastructure Projects17 ºbQ ≥ë∏ªdG ,¿ƒ°ùªîdGh áæeÉãdG IQhódG ,áeÉ©dG á«©ªé∏d ᫪°SôdG ≥FÉKƒdG(A/58/17)171 Iô≤ØdG ,
Prepared by the United Nations.(∫hC’G AõédG ,2003 ΩÉ©d »dhódG ...QÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd á«dƒM ô¶fG)
Commission on International Trade Law(2)
UNITED NATIONS.21 Iô≤ØdG ,¬°ùØf ™LôªdG
Printed in AustriaPrinted in Austria
V.03-90621—May 2004—3,870V.03-90619—July 2004—1,650:ø`e á``«aÉ`°VEG äÉ```eƒ∏©e ≈∏``Y ∫ƒ``°ü◊G ø`µªj UNCITRAL secretariat Vienna International Centre PO Box 500 A 1400 Vienna Austria Telephone: +(43) (1) 26060-4060 Fax: +(43) (1) 26060-5813 Internet: http://www.uncitral.org E-mail: uncitral@uncitral.org∫Gôà«°ùfhC’G Ió```ëàªdG º```eC’G Printed in Austria V.03-90619—July 2004—1,650
United Nations publicationUnited Nations publication
Sales No.Sales No.
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1111 ISBN 92-1-6 33011-2 ΩɵMCG ¿CÉ```°ûH á````«LPƒ``ªædG á```«©jô```°ûàdG ádƒ`ªªdG á`«àëàdG á`«æÑdG ™jQÉ`°ûe ¢UÉ`````îdG ´É`````£≤dG ø``e IóëàªdG ºeC’G áæéd É¡JóYCG
ISBN 92-1-133583-3»dhódG IQÉéàdG ¿ƒfÉ≤∏d