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UNCITRALЮНСИТРАЛ
Model Legislative ProvisionsТиповые законодательные
on Privately Financedположения по проектам в области
Infrastructure Projectsинфраструктуры, финансируемым
Prepared by the United Nationsиз частных источников
Commission on International Trade LawПодготовлено Комиссией Организации Объединенных Наций по праву международной торговли
UNITED NATIONSОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ОБЪЕДИНЕННЫХ НАЦИЙ
Printed in AustriaPrinted in Austria
V.03-90621—May 2004—3,870V.03-90623–November 2004–775
United Nations publicationUnited Nations publication
Sales No. E.Sales No. R.
04.V.04.V.
1111
ISBN 92-1-133583-3UNCITRALUNCITRALUNCITRALUNCITRALUNCITRALISBN 92-1-433009-3
Model Legislative Provisions03-90623_c1_4.qxd 29.10.2004 14:00 Page 1ÎÐÃÀÍÈÇÀÖÈß ÎÁÚÅÄÈÍÅÍÍÛÕ ÍÀÖÈÉ
on Privately FinancedÍüþ-Éîðê, 2004 ãîä
Infrastructure ProjectsТиповые законодательные
Prepared by the United Nationsположения по проектам в области
Commission on International Trade Lawинфраструктуры, финансируемым из частных источников Подготовлено Комиссией
UNITED NATIONSОрганизации Объединенных Наций по праву
New York, 2004iiмеждународной торговли
NOTEЮНСИТРАЛii
Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital lettersÈÇÄÀÍÈÅ ÎÐÃÀÍÈÇÀÖÈÈ
combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a reference to aÎÁÚÅÄÈÍÅÍÍÛÕ ÍÀÖÈÉ
United Nations document. ïðîäàæå ïîä ¹ R.04.V.11
Material in this publication may be freely quoted or reprinted, butISBN 92-1-433009-3
acknowledgement is requested, together with a copy of the publication containing the quotation or reprint.ÏÐÈÌÅ×ÀÍÈÅ
UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATIONÓñëîâíûå îáîçíà÷åíèÿ äîêóìåíòîâ Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé
Sales No. E.04.V.11ñîñòîÿò èç ïðîïèñíûõ áóêâ è öèôð. Êîãäà òàêîå îáîçíà÷åíèå âñòðå÷àåòñÿ â
ISBN 92-1-133583-3iiiòåêñòå, îíî ñëóæèò óêàçàíèåì íà ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé äîêóìåíò Îðãàíèçàöèè
PrefaceÎáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé.
The present Model Legislative Provisions were prepared by the United NationsÐàçðåøàåòñÿ íåîãðàíè÷åííî öèòèðîâàòü èëè ïåðåïå÷àòûâàòü ïîìåùåííûé â íàñòîÿùåé ïóáëèêàöèè ìàòåðèàë, î ÷åì, îäíàêî, ñëåäóåò íàïðàâèòü
Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) as an addition to the UNCITRALñîîòâåòñòâóþùåå óâåäîìëåíèå âìåñòå ñ ýêçåìïëÿðîì ïóáëèêàöèè, ñîäåðæàùåé òàêóþ öèòàòó èëè ïåðåïå÷àòàííóþ ÷àñòü òåêñòà.iii
Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.Ïðåäèñëîâèå Íàñòîÿùèå Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ áûëè ïîäãîòîâëåíû
aÊîìèññèåé Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè
In addition to representatives of member States of the Commission, representatives of many other States and of a(ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË) â êà÷åñòâå äîáàâëåíèÿ ê Ðóêîâîäñòâó ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ
number of international organizations, both intergovernmental and non-governmental,à
participated actively in the preparatory work.. Â ïîäãîòîâèòåëüíîé ðàáîòå, ïîìèìî ïðåäñòàâèòåëåé ãîñóäàðñòâ –
The Commission considered the additional work to be undertaken in the field of÷ëåíîâ Êîìèññèè, àêòèâíîå ó÷àñòèå ïðèíÿëè ïðåäñòàâèòåëè ìíîãèõ äðóãèõ ãîñóäàðñòâ è ðÿäà ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ îðãàíèçàöèé êàê ìåæïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ, òàê è íåïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ.
privately financed infrastructure projects after the adoption of the Legislative Guide in 2001Ïîñëå ïðèíÿòèÿ Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ â 2001 ãîäó Êîìèññèÿ ðàññìîòðåëà âîïðîñ î äîïîëíèòåëüíîé ðàáîòå, êîòîðóþ ñëåäóåò ïðîâåñòè ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, è âîçëîæèëà íà
and entrusted a working group with the task of preparing model legislative provisions on the basis of the recommendations contained in the Legislative Guide.Ðàáî÷óþ ãðóïïó çàäà÷ó ïîäãîòîâêè òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé íà îñíîâå ðåêîìåíäàöèé, ñîäåðæàùèõñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ
bb
The working. Ðàáî÷àÿ
group devoted two sessions, held in Vienna from 24 to 28 September 2001 and from 9 toãðóïïà ïîñâÿòèëà ïîäãîòîâêå ïðîåêòà òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé äâå ñåññèè,
13 September 2002 to the preparation of the draft model legislative provisions.êîòîðûå ñîñòîÿëèñü â Âåíå 24–28 ñåíòÿáðÿ 2001 ãîäà è 9–13 ñåíòÿáðÿ 2002 ãîäà.
The Commission finalized and adoptedÊîìèññèÿ îêîí÷àòåëüíî äîðàáîòàëà è ïðèíÿëà
cñ
the Model Legislative Provisions at its thirty-sixth session,Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ íà
held in Vienna from 30 June to 11 July 2003, and requested the Secretariat to disseminateñâîåé òðèäöàòü øåñòîé ñåññèè, ïðîõîäèâøåé â Âåíå ñ 30 èþíÿ ïî 11 èþëÿ 2003 ãîäà, è
them among Governments, relevant international intergovernmental and non-governmentalïðîñèëà Ñåêðåòàðèàò ðàñïðîñòðàíèòü èõ òåêñò ñðåäè ïðàâèòåëüñòâ, ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ
organizations, private sector entities and academic institutions.ìåæïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ è íåïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ îðãàíèçàöèé, ó÷ðåæäåíèé ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà è ó÷åáíûõ çàâåäåíèé.
The Commission further requested the Secretariat to consolidate in due course the textÊîìèññèÿ äàëåå ïðîñèëà Ñåêðåòàðèàò îáúåäèíèòü â íàäëåæàùåå âðåìÿ òåêñò
of the Model Legislative Provisions and the Legislative Guide into one single publicationÒèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé è Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ
and, in doing so, to retain the legislative recommendations contained in the Legislativeâ îäíîé ïóáëèêàöèè è ñîõðàíèòü ïðè ýòîì ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì,
Guide as a basis of the development of the Model Legislative Provisions.ñîäåðæàùèåñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, êàê îñíîâó, íà êîòîðîé
dà
a United Nations publication, Sales No. E.Èçäàíèå Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé, â ïðîäàæå ïîä ¹ R.
01.V.01.V.
4.4.
bb
Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 17 (A/56/17),Îôèöèàëüíûå îò÷åòû Ãåíåðàëüíîé Àññàìáëåè, ïÿòüäåñÿò øåñòàÿ ñåññèÿ, Äîïîëíåíèå ¹ 17 (À/56/17), ïóíêò 369 (ñì. Åæåãîäíèê Êîìèññèè Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî
para. 369 (see Yearbook of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law 2001, part one).ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè, 2001 ãîä, ÷àñòü ïåðâàÿ).
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Ibid., Fifty-eighth Session, Supplement No. 17 (A/58/17), paras. 12-171.Òàì æå, ïÿòüäåñÿò âîñüìàÿ ñåññèÿ, Äîïîëíåíèå ¹ 17 (À/58/17), ïóíêòû 12–171.
dd
Ibid., para. 171.Òàì æå, ïóíêò 171.
ivvivv
ContentsÏðåäèñëîâèå .................................................. ..............................................
PageÐåçîëþöèÿ, ïðèíÿòàÿ Ãåíåðàëüíîé Àññàìáëååé......................................
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiiÂâåäåíèå .................................................. .................................................. ...
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix×àñòü ïåðâàÿ
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiÐÅÊÎÌÅÍÄÀÖÈÈ ÏÎ ÇÀÊÎÍÎÄÀÒÅËÜÍÛÌ ÂÎÏÐÎÑÀÌ
Part one LEGISLATIVE RECOMMENDATIONS I. GENERAL LEGISLATIVE AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1I. ÎÁÙÈÅ ÇÀÊÎÍÎÄÀÒÅËÜÍÛÅ È ÈÍÑÒÈÒÓÖÈÎÍÀËÜÍÛÅ
Constitutional, legislative and institutional frameworkÐÀÌÊÈ .................................................. ................................................
(recommendation 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Êîíñòèòóöèîííûå, çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè
Scope of authority to award concessions (recommendations 2-5) . 1(ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 1) .................................................. ................................. Îáúåì ïîëíîìî÷èé íà âûäà÷ó êîíöåññèé (ðåêîìåíäàöèè 2–5) .........
Administrative coordination (recommendation 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Àäìèíèñòðàòèâíàÿ êîîðäèíàöèÿ (ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 6) .............................
Authority to regulate infrastructure servicesÏîëíîìî÷èÿ íà ðåãóëèðîâàíèå óñëóã â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû
(recommendations 7-11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2(ðåêîìåíäàöèè 7–11) .................................................. ...........................
II. PROJECT RISKS AND GOVERNMENT SUPPORT . . . . . . . . . 3II. ÐÈÑÊÈ, ÑÂßÇÀÍÍÛÅ Ñ ÏÐÎÅÊÒÀÌÈ,
Project risks and risk allocation (recommendation 12) . . . . . . . . 3È ÏÐÀÂÈÒÅËÜÑÒÂÅÍÍÀß ÏÎÄÄÅÐÆÊÀ ........................................
Government support (recommendation 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Ðèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè, è ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ðèñêîâ
Part two(ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 12) .................................................. ............................... Ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà (ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 13) ............................
MODEL LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS×àñòü âòîðàÿ
I. GENERAL PROVISIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5ÒÈÏÎÂÛÅ ÇÀÊÎÍÎÄÀÒÅËÜÍÛÅ ÏÎËÎÆÅÍÈß
Model provision 1. Preamble.I.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ÎÁÙÈÅ ÏÎËÎÆÅÍÈß.
5................................................. .....................
Model provision 2. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 1. Ïðåàìáóëà .................................................. .... Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 2. Îïðåäåëåíèÿ ..................................................
Model provision 3. Authority to enter into concession contracts 6Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 3. Ïîëíîìî÷èÿ çàêëþ÷àòü êîíöåññèîííûå
Model provision 4. Eligible infrastructure sectors . . . . . . . . . . . . 7äîãîâîðû .................................................. .............................................
II. SELECTION OF THE CONCESSIONAIRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 4. Ñåêòîðû èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, â êîòîðûõ ìîãóò
Model provision 5. Rules governing the selection proceedings.áûòü âûäàíû êîíöåññèè.
7................................................. .....................
1. Pre-selection of bidders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Ñîäåðæàíèå
Model provision 6. Purpose and procedure of pre-selection . . . . 7Ñòð.
Model provision 7. Pre-selection criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9viiii
Pageix
Model provision 8. Participation of consortia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9xi
Model provision 9. Decision on pre-selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
2. Procedures for requesting proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Model provision 10. Single-stage and two-stage procedures for1
requesting proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Model provision 11. Content of the request for proposals . . . . . 122
Model provision 12. Bid securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Model provision 13. Clarifications and modifications . . . . . . . . . 133
Model provision 14. Evaluation criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Model provision 15. Comparison and evaluation of proposals . . 143
Model provision 16. Further demonstration of fulfilment of qualification criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Model provision 17. Final negotiations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
3. Negotiation of concession contracts without competitive5
procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Model provision 18. Circumstances authorizing award without6
competitive procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Model provision 19. Procedures for negotiation of a concession7vi
contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4. Unsolicited proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17II. ÂÛÁÎÐ ÊÎÍÖÅÑÑÈÎÍÅÐÀ.................................................. ..............
Model provision 20. Admissibility of unsolicited proposals . . . . 17Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 5. Ïðàâèëà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå ïðîöåäóðû îòáîðà
Model provision 21. Procedures for determining the admissibility of unsolicited proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171. Ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð .......................
Model provision 22. Unsolicited proposals that do not involveÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 6. Öåëü è ïðîöåäóðû ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 7. Êðèòåðèè ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà ...........
intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights . . . . 18Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 8. Ó÷àñòèå êîíñîðöèóìîâ ................................ Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 9. Ðåøåíèå î ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîì îòáîðå .........
Model provision 23. Unsolicited proposals involving intellectual2. Ïðîöåäóðà çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé .............................................
property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 10. Îäíîýòàïíûå è äâóõýòàïíûå ïðîöåäóðû
5. Miscellaneous provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé .................................................. ..........................
Model provision 24. Confidentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 11. Ñîäåðæàíèå çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé ............. Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 12. Òåíäåðíîå îáåñïå÷åíèå ...............................
Model provision 25. Notice of contract award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 13. Ðàçúÿñíåíèÿ è èçìåíåíèÿ ............................ Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 14. Êðèòåðèè îöåíêè ..........................................
Model provision 26. Record of selection and award proceedings 20Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 15. Ñîïîñòàâëåíèå è îöåíêà ïðåäëîæåíèé ....... Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 16. Íîâàÿ äåìîíñòðàöèÿ âûïîëíåíèÿ
Model provision 27. Review procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ êðèòåðèåâ .................................................. .............
III.Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 17. Çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûå ïåðåãîâîðû.
CONTENTS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE.....................
CONCESSION CONTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213. Çàêëþ÷åíèå êîíöåññèîííûõ äîãîâîðîâ áåç ïðîâåäåíèÿ
Model provision 28. Contents and implementation of theêîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð .................................................. ..........
concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 18. Îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà, äîïóñêàþùèå âûäà÷ó
Model provision 29. Governing law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22ïîäðÿäà áåç ïðîâåäåíèÿ êîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð ..............................
Model provision 30. Organization of the concessionaire . . . . . . . 23Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 19. Ïðîöåäóðû ïåðåãîâîðîâ ïî
Model provision 31. Ownership of assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó .................................................. ..................
Model provision 32. Acquisition of rights related to the4. Íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ ..................................................
project site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23viiÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 20. Ïðèåìëåìîñòü íåçàïðîøåííûõ
Pageïðåäëîæåíèé .................................................. ........................................
Model provision 33. Easements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 21. Ïðîöåäóðû îïðåäåëåíèÿ ïðèåìëåìîñòè
Model provision 34. Financial arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25íåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé .................................................. .............
Model provision 35. Security interests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 22. Íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, êîòîðûå íå
Model provision 36. Assignment of the concession contract . . . 26ñâÿçàíû ñ èíòåëëåêòóàëüíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòüþ, êîììåð÷åñêîé
Model provision 37. Transfer of controlling interest in theòàéíîé èëè äðóãèìè èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûìè ïðàâàìè .................................
concessionaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 23. Íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, êîòîðûå
Model provision 38. Operation of infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26ñâÿçàíû ñ èíòåëëåêòóàëüíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòüþ, êîììåð÷åñêîé
Model provision 39. Compensation for specific changes inòàéíîé èëè äðóãèìè èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûìè ïðàâàìè .................................
legislation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275. Ðàçíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ .................................................. ...................
Model provision 40. Revision of the concession contract . . . . . . 27Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 24. Êîíôèäåíöèàëüíîñòü....................................
Model provision 41. Takeover of an infrastructure project byÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 25. Óâåäîìëåíèå î ïðèíÿòèè ðåøåíèÿ
the contracting authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð .................................................. .............................
Model provision 42. Substitution of the concessionaire . . . . . . . 28Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 26. Îò÷åò î ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà è ïðèíÿòèè
IV.ðåøåíèÿ çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð.
DURATION, EXTENSION AND TERMINATION OF THE................................................. ..............
CONCESSION CONTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 27. Ïðîöåäóðû îáæàëîâàíèÿ .............................
1. Duration and extension of the concession contract . . . . . . 28Ñòð.
Model provision 43. Duration and extension of the concession7
contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
2. Termination of the concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Model provision 44. Termination of the concession contract by8
the contracting authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2910
Model provision 45. Termination of the concession contract by11
the concessionaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2911
Model provision 46. Termination of the concession contract by12
either party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3012
3. Arrangements upon termination or expiry of the13
concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3014
Model provision 47. Compensation upon termination of the15
concession contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3015
Model provision 48. Wind-up and transfer measures . . . . . . . . . 3016
V. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3117
Model provision 49. Disputes between the contracting authority17
and the concessionaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3118
Model provision 50. Disputes involving customers or users of18
the infrastructure facility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3119
Model provision 51. Other disputes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31viiiix20
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly20
[on the report of the Sixth Committee (A/58/513)]20
58/76. Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed21
Infrastructure Projects of the United Nations22
Commission on International Trade Law23
The General Assembly,23
Bearing in mind the role of public-private partnerships to improve the provision and23
sound management of infrastructure and public services in the interest of sustainable economic and social development,23
Recognizing the need to provide an enabling environment that both encourages private23
investment in infrastructure and takes into account the public interest concerns of the24vii
country,III. ÑÎÄÅÐÆÀÍÈÅ È ÈÑÏÎËÍÅÍÈÅ ÊÎÍÖÅÑÑÈÎÍÍÎÃÎ
Emphasizing the importance of efficient and transparent procedures for the award ofÄÎÃÎÂÎÐÀ .................................................. .........................................
privately financed infrastructure projects,Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 28. Ñîäåðæàíèå è èñïîëíåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî
Stressing the desirability of facilitating project implementation by rules that enhanceäîãîâîðà .................................................. ..............................................
transparency, fairness and long-term sustainability and remove undesirable restrictions onÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 29. Ïðèìåíèìîå ïðàâî.......................................
private sector participation in infrastructure development and operation,Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 30. Îðãàíèçàöèîííîå óñòðîéñòâî
Recalling the valuable guidance that the United Nations Commission on Internationalêîíöåññèîíåðà .................................................. ......................................
Trade Law has provided to Member States towards the establishment of a favourableÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 31. Ñîáñòâåííîñòü íà àêòèâû............................
legislative framework for private participation in infrastructure development through theÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 32. Ïðèîáðåòåíèå ïðàâ, ñâÿçàííûõ
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects,ñî ñòðîèòåëüíîé ïëîùàäêîé .................................................. ...............
1Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 33. Ñåðâèòóòû.................................................. ...
Believing that the Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed InfrastructureÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 34. Ôèíàíñîâûå ìåõàíèçìû ..............................
Projects of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law will be of furtherÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 35. Îáåñïå÷èòåëüíûå èíòåðåñû ........................
assistance to States, in particular developing countries, in promoting good governance andÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 36. Óñòóïêà êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà .............
establishing an appropriate legislative framework for such projects,Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 37. Ïåðåäà÷à êîíòðîëüíîãî ïàêåòà àêöèé
1. Expresses its appreciation to the United Nations Commission on Internationalêîìïàíèè-êîíöåññèîíåðà .................................................. .....................
Trade Law for the completion and adoption of the Model Legislative Provisions on PrivatelyÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 38. Ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ....................
Financed Infrastructure Projects, the text of which is contained in annex I to the report ofÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 39. Êîìïåíñàöèÿ â ñâÿçè ñ êîíêðåòíûìè
the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on its thirty-sixth session;èçìåíåíèÿìè â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå .................................................. .......
2Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 40. Ïåðåñìîòð êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ........
2. Requests the Secretary-General to publish the Model Legislative Provisions and toÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 41. Ïåðåõîä ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè
make all efforts to ensure that the Model Legislative Provisions along with the UNCITRALèíôðàñòðóêòóðû â âåäåíèå îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà .............................
Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 42. Çàìåíà êîíöåññèîíåðà .................................
1IV. ÑÐÎÊ ÄÅÉÑÒÂÈß, ÏÐÎÄËÅÍÈÅ È ÏÐÅÊÐÀÙÅÍÈÅ
become generally knownÊÎÍÖÅÑÑÈÎÍÍÎÃÎ ÄÎÃÎÂÎÐÀ.................................................. ...
and available;1. Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ è ïðîäëåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà .........
1Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 43. Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ è ïðîäëåíèå
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.V.4.êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà .................................................. ...................
22. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà .................................
Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-eighth Session, Supplement No. 17 (A/58/17).3. Also requests the Secretary-General, subject to availability of resources, to consolidate in due course the text of the Model Legislative Provisions and the Legislative GuideÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 44. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
into one single publication and, in doing so, to retain the legislative recommendationsîðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì .................................................. ....................
contained in the Legislative Guide as a basis of the development of the Model LegislativeÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 45. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
Provisions;êîíöåññèîíåðîì.................................................. ...................................
4. Recommends that all States give due consideration to the Model Legislative Provisions and the Legislative Guide when revising or adopting legislation related to privateÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 46. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
participation in the development and operation of public infrastructure.ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí .................................................. .................................
72nd plenary meeting3. Ìåõàíèçìû ïî ïðåêðàùåíèè èëè èñòå÷åíèè êîíöåññèîííîãî
9 December 2003xiäîãîâîðà .................................................. ..................................
ForewordÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 47. Êîìïåíñàöèÿ ïî ïðåêðàùåíèè
The following pages contain a set of general recommended legislative principlesêîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà .................................................. ...................
entitled “legislative recommendations” and model legislative provisions (the “model provisions”) on privately financed infrastructure projects. The legislative recommendations andÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 48. Ýòàï çàâåðøåíèÿ è ìåðû â ïåðåõîäíûé
the model provisions are intended to assist domestic legislative bodies in the establishmentïåðèîä .................................................. ..................................................
of a legislative framework favourable to privately financed infrastructure projects. They areÑòð.
followed by notes that offer an analytical explanation of the financial, regulatory, legal,24
policy and other issues raised in the subject area. The reader is advised to read the legislative recommendations and the model provisions together with the notes, which provide24
background information to enhance understanding of the legislative recommendations and26
model provisions.26
The legislative recommendations and the model provisions consist of a set of core27
provisions dealing with matters that deserve attention in legislation specifically concerned28
with privately financed infrastructure projects.28
The model provisions are designed to be implemented and supplemented by the issuance of regulations providing further details. Areas more suitably addressed by regulations29
rather than statutes are identified accordingly. Moreover, the successful implementation of30
privately financed infrastructure projects typically requires various measures beyond the30
establishment of an appropriate legislative framework, such as adequate administrative31
structures and practices, organizational capability, technical, legal and financial expertise,31
appropriate human and financial resources and economic stability.31
It should be noted that the legislative recommendations and the model provisions do32
not deal with other areas of law that also have an impact on privately financed infrastructure projects but on which no specific legislative recommendations are made in the32
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.* Those other33
areas of law include, for instance, promotion and protection of investments, property law,33
security interests, rules and procedures on compulsory acquisition of private property,33
general contract law, rules on government contracts and administrative law, tax law and33
environmental protection and consumer protection laws. The relationship of such other34
areas of law to any law enacted specifically with respect to privately financed infrastructure34
projects should be borne in mind.34
*United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.V.4.135
Part one35
Legislative recommendations35
I. General legislative and institutional framework35viii
Constitutional, legislative and institutional framework (see theV. ÓÐÅÃÓËÈÐÎÂÀÍÈÅ ÑÏÎÐÎÂ .................................................. .........
Legislative Guide, chap. I, “General legislative and institutionalÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 49. Ñïîðû ìåæäó îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì
framework”, paras. 2-14) Recommendation 1. The constitutional, legislative and institutional framework for the implementation of privately financed infrastructureè êîíöåññèîíåðîì .................................................. ...............................
projects should ensure transparency, fairness and the long-termÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 50. Ñïîðû ñ ó÷àñòèåì êëèåíòîâ èëè
sustainability of projects.ïîëüçîâàòåëåé îáúåêòà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
Undesirable restrictions on private sector............................................
participation in infrastructure development and operation should beÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 51. Äðóãèå ñïîðû ...............................................
eliminated.Ñòð.
Scope of authority to award concessions (see the Legislative Guide,36
chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”,36
paras. 15-22)36
Recommendation 2. The law should identify the public authorities of the36ix Ðåçîëþöèÿ, ïðèíÿòàÿ Ãåíåðàëüíîé Àññàìáëååé [ïî äîêëàäó Øåñòîãî êîìèòåòà (A/58/513)]
host country (including, as appropriate, national, provincial and local58/76. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ Êîìèññèè Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî ïðàâó
authorities) that are empowered to award concessions and enter intoìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ
agreements for the implementation of privately financed infrastructureèñòî÷íèêîâ
projects.Ãåíåðàëüíàÿ Àññàìáëåÿ,
Recommendation 3. Privately financed infrastructure projects mayó÷èòûâàÿ ðîëü ïàðòíåðñòâà ìåæäó ïóáëè÷íûì è ÷àñòíûì ñåêòîðàìè â äåëå óëó÷øåíèÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðíûõ è îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã è ýôôåêòèâíîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ èìè â èíòåðåñàõ óñòîé÷èâîãî ýêîíîìè÷åñêîãî è ñîöèàëüíîãî ðàçâèòèÿ,
include concessions for the construction and operation of new infrastructure facilities and systems or the maintenance, modernization, expansionïðèçíàâàÿ íåîáõîäèìîñòü ñîçäàíèÿ áëàãîïðèÿòíîé ñðåäû, êîòîðàÿ ñïîñîáñòâîâàëà áû ÷àñòíûì èíâåñòèöèÿì â èíôðàñòðóêòóðó è ó÷èòûâàëà çàäà÷è ñòðàíû, ïðåäñòàâëÿþùèå ïóáëè÷íûé èíòåðåñ,
and operation of existing infrastructure facilities and systems.ïîä÷åðêèâàÿ âàæíîå çíà÷åíèå ýôôåêòèâíûõ è ïðîçðà÷íûõ ïðîöåäóð ïðèñóæäåíèÿ
Recommendation 4. The law should identify the sectors or types ofêîíòðàêòîâ íà îñóùåñòâëåíèå ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç
infrastructure in respect of which concessions may be granted.÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, ïîä÷åðêèâàÿ æåëàòåëüíîñòü ñîäåéñòâèÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèþ òàêèõ ïðîåêòîâ ñ ïîìîùüþ ïðàâèë, êîòîðûå ñïîñîáñòâóþò ïðîçðà÷íîñòè, ñïðàâåäëèâîñòè è äîëãîñðî÷íîé
Recommendation 5. The law should specify the extent to which a concession might extend to the entire region under the jurisdiction of theóñòîé÷èâîñòè è óñòðàíÿþò íåæåëàòåëüíûå îãðàíè÷åíèÿ íà ó÷àñòèå ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà â
respective contracting authority, to a geographical subdivision thereof or2 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsðàçâèòèè è ýêñïëóàòàöèè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû,
to a discrete project, and whether it might be awarded with or withoutíàïîìèíàÿ î ïîëåçíûõ ðåêîìåíäàöèÿõ, êîòîðûå ïîäãîòîâèëà Êîìèññèÿ Îðãàíèçàöèè
exclusivity, as appropriate, in accordance with rules and principles of law,Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè äëÿ ãîñóäàðñòâ-÷ëåíîâ â îòíîøåíèè ñîçäàíèÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíîé áàçû, áëàãîïðèÿòñòâóþùåé ó÷àñòèþ ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà
statutory provisions, regulations and policies applying to the sector concerned. Contracting authorities might be jointly empowered to awardâ ðàçâèòèè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, â âèäå Ðóêîâîäñòâà ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ
concessions beyond a single jurisdiction.îðãàíîâ ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ
Administrative coordination (see the Legislative Guide, chap. I,1
“General legislative and institutional framework”, paras. 23-29),
Recommendation 6. Institutional mechanisms should be established toáóäó÷è óáåæäåíà â òîì, ÷òî Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ Êîìèññèè Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè
coordinate the activities of the public authorities responsible for issuingèíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, îêàæóò äîïîëíèòåëüíóþ ïîìîùü ãîñóäàðñòâàì, îñîáåííî ðàçâèâàþùèìñÿ ñòðàíàì, â ñîäåéñòâèè ðàçâèòèþ áëàãîãî
approvals, licences, permits or authorizations required for the implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects in accordance withóïðàâëåíèÿ è â ñîçäàíèè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé çàêîíîäàòåëüíîé áàçû äëÿ òàêèõ ïðîåêòîâ, 1. âûðàæàåò ñâîþ ïðèçíàòåëüíîñòü Êîìèññèè Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ
statutory or regulatory provisions on the construction and operation ofÍàöèé ïî ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè çà çàâåðøåíèå è ïðèíÿòèå Òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäà1
infrastructure facilities of the type concerned.Èçäàíèå Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé, â ïðîäàæå ïîä ¹ R.01.V.4.x
Authority to regulate infrastructure services (see the Legislativeòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ
Guide, chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”,èñòî÷íèêîâ, òåêñò êîòîðûõ ñîäåðæèòñÿ â ïðèëîæåíèè I ê äîêëàäó Êîìèññèè Îðãàíèçàöèè
paras. 30-53) Recommendation 7. The authority to regulate infrastructure services should not be entrusted to entities that directly or indirectly provide infrastructure services. Recommendation 8. Regulatory competence should be entrusted to functionally independent bodies with a level of autonomy sufficient to ensure that their decisions are taken without political interference or inappropriate pressures from infrastructure operators and public service providers. Recommendation 9. The rules governing regulatory procedures should be made public. Regulatory decisions should state the reasons on which they are based and should be accessible to interested parties through publication or other means. Recommendation 10. The law should establish transparent proceduresÎáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè î ðàáîòå åå òðèäöàòü øåñòîé
whereby the concessionaire may request a review of regulatory decisionsñåññèè
by an independent and impartial body, which may include court review,2
and should set forth the grounds on which such a review may be based.;
Recommendation 11. Where appropriate, special procedures should be2. ïðîñèò Ãåíåðàëüíîãî ñåêðåòàðÿ îïóáëèêîâàòü Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ è ïðèëîæèòü âñå óñèëèÿ äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ øèðîêîé èçâåñòíîñòè è äîñòóïíîñòè
established for handling disputes among public service providersÒèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé íàðÿäó ñ Ðóêîâîäñòâîì ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ
concerning alleged violations of laws and regulations governing theèñòî÷íèêîâ
relevant sector.Part one. Legislative recommendations 31
II. Project risks and government support;
Project risks and risk allocation (see the Legislative Guide, chap. II,3. ïðîñèò òàêæå Ãåíåðàëüíîãî ñåêðåòàðÿ, ïðè óñëîâèè íàëè÷èÿ ñðåäñòâ, îáúåäèíèòü â íàäëåæàùåå âðåìÿ òåêñò Òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé è Ðóêîâîäñòâà â
“Project risks and government support”, paras. 8-29)îäíîé ïóáëèêàöèè è ñîõðàíèòü ïðè ýòîì ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì,
Recommendation 12. No unnecessary statutory or regulatory limitationsñîäåðæàùèåñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå, êàê îñíîâó, íà êîòîðîé ðàçðàáàòûâàëèñü Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ;
should be placed upon the contracting authority’s ability to agree on an4. ðåêîìåíäóåò âñåì ãîñóäàðñòâàì óäåëÿòü äîëæíîå âíèìàíèå Òèïîâûì çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì ïîëîæåíèÿì è Ðóêîâîäñòâó ïðè ïåðåñìîòðå èëè ïðèíÿòèè çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà,
allocation of risks that is suited to the needs of the project.êàñàþùåãîñÿ ó÷àñòèÿ ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà â ðàçâèòèè è ýêñïëóàòàöèè ïóáëè÷íîé èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
Government support (see the Legislative Guide, chap. II, “Project72-e ïëåíàðíîå çàñåäàíèå,
risks and government support”, paras. 30-60)9 äåêàáðÿ 2003 ãîäà
Recommendation 13. The law should clearly state which public2
authorities of the host country may provide financial or economic supportÎôèöèàëüíûå îò÷åòû Ãåíåðàëüíîé Àññàìáëåè, ïÿòüäåñÿò âîñüìàÿ ñåññèÿ, Äîïîëíåíèå ¹ 17
to the implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects and(A/58/17).xi
which types of support they are authorized to provide.5Ââåäåíèå
Part twoÍèæå â íàñòîÿùåì ðàçäåëå ïðèâîäèòñÿ ñâîä ðåêîìåíäóåìûõ îáùèõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïðèíöèïîâ ïîä íàçâàíèåì “ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì”
Model legislative provisionsè òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé (“òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ”) ïî ïðîåêòàì â
I.îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ.
General provisionsÖåëü ðåêîìåíäàöèé ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì è òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèé – îêàçàòü ïîìîùü
Model provision 1. Preamble (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 1 and chap. I, paras. 2-14)íàöèîíàëüíûì çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì îðãàíàì â ñîçäàíèè çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ðàìîê, áëàãîïðèÿòíûõ äëÿ ðåàëèçàöèè ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ
WHEREAS the [Government] [Parliament] of [. . .] considers it desirableèç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ. Âñëåä çà íèìè ïðèâîäÿòñÿ êîììåíòàðèè, â êîòîðûõ ñîäåðæèòñÿ àíàëèòè÷åñêîå ðàçúÿñíåíèå ôèíàíñîâûõ, ðåãóëÿòèâíûõ, ïðàâîâûõ, ïîëèòè÷åñêèõ è ïðî÷èõ âîïðîñîâ, âîçíèêàþùèõ â ðàññìàòðèâàåìîé ïðåäìåòíîé îáëàñòè.
to establish a favourable legislative framework to promote and facilitate theÏîëüçîâàòåëÿì ðåêîìåíäóåòñÿ ÷èòàòü ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì è òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ âìåñòå ñ êîììåíòàðèÿìè, â êîòîðûõ ïðèâîäèòñÿ ñïðàâî÷íàÿ èíôîðìàöèÿ, ñïîñîáñòâóþùàÿ ëó÷øåìó ïîíèìàíèþ ðåêîìåíäàöèé ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì è òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèé.
implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects by enhancingÐåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì è òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ñîñòîÿò èç
transparency, fairness and long-term sustainability and removing undesirableñâîäà êëþ÷åâûõ ïîëîæåíèé ïî âîïðîñàì, êîòîðûå çàñëóæèâàþò âíèìàíèÿ ñ òî÷êè
restrictions on private sector participation in infrastructure development andçðåíèÿ óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå, íåïîñðåäñòâåííî çàòðàãèâàþùåì ïðîåêòû â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûå èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ.
operation;Ïðåäïîëàãàåòñÿ, ÷òî òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ áóäóò ïðèíèìàòüñÿ è äîïîëíÿòüñÿ
WHEREAS the [Government] [Parliament] of [. . .] considers it desirableñ ïîìîùüþ ïðàâèë, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþùèõ áîëåå ïîäðîáíîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå. Òå îáëàñòè, â êîòîðûõ ðåãóëèðîâàíèå áîëåå óìåñòíî ñ ïîìîùüþ íå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ, à
to further develop the general principles of transparency, economy and fairnessèíûõ íîðìàòèâíûõ àêòîâ, óêàçûâàþòñÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèì îáðàçîì. Êðîìå òîãî,
in the award of contracts by public authorities through the establishment ofäëÿ óñïåøíîé ðåàëèçàöèè ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ
specific procedures for the award of infrastructure projects;èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, êàê ïðàâèëî, òðåáóþòñÿ ðàçëè÷íûå ìåðû, âûõîäÿùèå çà
[Other objectives that the enacting State might wish to state];ðàìêè ñîçäàíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé çàêîíîäàòåëüíîé îñíîâû: çäåñü ðå÷ü èäåò, íàïðèìåð, î íàäëåæàùèõ àäìèíèñòðàòèâíûõ ñòðóêòóðàõ è âèäàõ ïðàêòèêè, îðãàíèçàöèîííîì ïîòåíöèàëå, òåõíè÷åñêèõ, þðèäè÷åñêèõ è ôèíàíñîâûõ ñïåöèàëüíûõ çíàíèÿõ è îïûòå, íàäëåæàùèõ ëþäñêèõ è ôèíàíñîâûõ ðåñóðñàõ è ýêîíîìè÷åñêîé ñòàáèëüíîñòè.
Be it therefore enacted as follows: Model provision 2. Definitions (see the Legislative Guide, introduction, paras. 9-20) For the purposes of this law:Ñëåäóåò îòìåòèòü, ÷òî ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì è òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ íå çàòðàãèâàþò äðóãèå îáëàñòè ïðàâà, êîòîðûå òàêæå îêàçûâàþò
(a) “Infrastructure facility” means physical facilities and systems thatâîçäåéñòâèå íà ïðîåêòû â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûå èç ÷àñòíûõ
directly or indirectly provide services to the general public;èñòî÷íèêîâ, íî ïî êîòîðûì â Ðóêîâîäñòâå ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ
(b) “Infrastructure project” means the design, construction, developmentïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ
and operation of new infrastructure facilities or the rehabilitation, modernization, expansion or operation of existing infrastructure facilities;*
(c) “Contracting authority” means the public authority that has the, íå
power to enter into a concession contract for the implementation of an infrastructure project [under the provisions of this law];ïðèâîäèòñÿ êàêèõ-ëèáî ñïåöèàëüíûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ðåêîìåíäàöèé. Ê òàêèì äðóãèì îáëàñòÿì ïðàâîâîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ îòíîñÿòñÿ, íàïðèìåð, ñîäåéñòâèå èíâåñòèðîâàíèþ è çàùèòà èíâåñòèöèé, ïðàâî ñîáñòâåííîñòè, îáåñïå÷èòåëüíûå èíòåðåñû, ïðàâèëà è ïðîöåäóðû ïðèîáðåòåíèÿ ÷àñòíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè â ïðèíóäèòåëüíîì ïîðÿäêå, îáùåå ïðàâîâîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå âîïðîñîâ, îòíîñÿùèõñÿ ê äîãîâîðàì,
1ïðàâèëà ïî ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûì êîíòðàêòàì, à òàêæå àäìèíèñòðàòèâíîå ïðàâî,
1íàëîãîâîå ïðàâî è çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâî î çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû è çàùèòå ïîòðåáèòåëåé. Ñëåäóåò ó÷èòûâàòü âçàèìîñâÿçü ìåæäó òàêèìè äðóãèìè îáëàñòÿìè
It should be noted that this definition relates only to the power to enter into concessionïðàâîâîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ è ëþáûìè çàêîíîäàòåëüíûìè àêòàìè, ïðèíèìàåìûìè
contracts. Depending on the regulatory regime of the enacting State, a separate body, referred to asñïåöèàëüíî äëÿ ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ
“regulatory agency” in subpara. (h), may have responsibility for issuing rules and regulations governing the provision of the relevant service.6 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsèñòî÷íèêîâ.
(d) “Concessionaire” means the person that carries out an infrastructure*
project under a concession contract entered into with a contracting authority;Èçäàíèå Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé, â ïðîäàæå ïîä ¹ R.01.V.4.1
(e) “Concession contract” means the mutually binding agreement or×àñòü ïåðâàÿ
agreements between the contracting authority and the concessionaire that setÐåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì
forth the terms and conditions for the implementation of an infrastructureâîïðîñàì
project;I. Îáùèå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå
(f) “Bidder” or “bidders” means persons, including groups thereof, thatðàìêè
participate in selection proceedings concerning an infrastructure project;Êîíñòèòóöèîííûå, çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè (ñì. ãëàâó I Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,“Îáùèå
2çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè”, ïóíêòû 2–14)
(g) “Unsolicited proposal” means any proposal relating to the implementation of an infrastructure project that is not submitted in response to a requestÐåêîìåíäàöèÿ 1. Êîíñòèòóöèîííûå, çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, äîëæíû îáåñïå÷èâàòü ïðîçðà÷íîñòü, ñïðàâåäëèâîñòü è äîëãîñðî÷íóþ óñòîé÷èâîñòü ïðîåêòîâ. Íåæåëàòåëüíûå îãðàíè÷åíèÿ íà ó÷àñòèå ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà â ðàçâèòèè è ýêñïëóàòàöèè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ñëåäóåò ëèêâèäèðîâàòü. Îáúåì ïîëíîìî÷èé íà âûäà÷ó êîíöåññèé (ñì. ãëàâó I Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Îáùèå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè”, ïóíêòû 15–22)
or solicitation issued by the contracting authority within the context of a selection procedure;Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 2.  çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ñëåäóåò óêàçàòü ïóáëè÷íûå îðãàíû
(h) “Regulatory agency” means a public authority that is entrusted withïðèíèìàþùåé ñòðàíû (âêëþ÷àÿ, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, îáùåíàöèîíàëüíûå,
the power to issue and enforce rules and regulations governing the infrastructure facility or the provision of the relevant services.ðåãèîíàëüíûå è ìåñòíûå îðãàíû âëàñòè), êîòîðûå íàäåëåíû ïîëíîìî÷èÿìè âûäàâàòü êîíöåññèè è çàêëþ÷àòü ñîãëàøåíèÿ î ðåàëèçàöèè ïðîåêòîâ
3â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ.
Model provision 3. Authority to enter into concession contracts (seeÐåêîìåíäàöèÿ 3. Ïðîåêòû â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûå èç
the Legislative Guide, recommendation 2 and chap. I, paras. 15-18) The following public authorities have the power to enter into concession contracts 4 for the implementation of infrastructure projects falling within their respective spheres of competence: [the enacting State lists the relevant public authorities of the host country that may enter into concession contracts by way of an exhaustive or indicative list of public authorities, a list of types or÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, ìîãóò ïðåäóñìàòðèâàòü âûäà÷ó êîíöåññèé íà ñòðîèòåëüñòâî íîâûõ îáúåêòîâ èëè ñèñòåì èíôðàñòðóêòóðû è èõ ýêñïëóàòàöèþ,
categories of public authority or a combination thereof].èëè íà ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîå îáñëóæèâàíèå, ìîäåðíèçàöèþ, ðàñøèðåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèþ äåéñòâóþùèõ îáúåêòîâ è ñèñòåì èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
5Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 4. Â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ñëåäóåò óêàçàòü òå ñåêòîðû èëè âèäû èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, â îòíîøåíèè êîòîðûõ ìîãóò áûòü âûäàíû êîíöåññèè.2 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 5. Â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ñëåäóåò îãîâîðèòü âîïðîñ î òîì,
2ìîæåò ëè êîíöåññèÿ ðàñïðîñòðàíÿòüñÿ íà âåñü ðåãèîí â ïðåäåëàõ êîìïåòåíöèè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà, èëè òîëüêî íà îòäåëüíóþ ãåîãðàôè÷åñêóþ ÷àñòü òàêîãî ðåãèîíà, èëè íà êîíêðåòíûé ïðîåêò, è
The term “bidder” or “bidders” encompasses, according to the context, both persons that haveìîæåò ëè îíà áûòü âûäàíà ñ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèåì èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûõ ïðàâ èëè
sought an invitation to take part in pre-selection proceedings or persons that have submitted a proposaláåç íåãî, êàê ýòî óìåñòíî, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ íîðìàìè è ïðèíöèïàìè ïðàâà,
in response to a contracting authority’s request for proposals.çàêîíîäàòåëüíûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè, ïîäçàêîííûìè àêòàìè è ïîëèòèêîé, ïðèìåíèìûìè ê ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåìó ñåêòîðó. Îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêè ìîãóò
3 The composition, structure and functions of such a regulatory agency may need to be addressedáûòü ñîâìåñòíî óïîëíîìî÷åíû âûäàâàòü êîíöåññèè, âûõîäÿùèå çà ïðåäåëû êîìïåòåíöèè îòäåëüíûõ îðãàíèçàöèé-çàêàç÷èêîâ.
in special legislation (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 7-11 and chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”, paras. 30-53).Àäìèíèñòðàòèâíàÿ êîîðäèíàöèÿ (ñì. ãëàâó I Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ
4çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Îáùèå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè”, ïóíêòû 23–29)
It is advisable to establish institutional mechanisms to coordinate the activities of the publicÐåêîìåíäàöèÿ 6. Ñëåäóåò ñîçäàòü èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ìåõàíèçìû äëÿ
authorities responsible for issuing the approvals, licences, permits or authorizations required for theêîîðäèíàöèè äåÿòåëüíîñòè ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ, îòâåòñòâåííûõ çà âûäà÷ó ïîäòâåðæäåíèé, ëèöåíçèé, ðàçðåøåíèé èëè ñàíêöèé, íåîáõîäèìûõ äëÿ
implementation of privately financed infrastructure projects in accordance with statutory or regulatoryîñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç
provisions on the construction and operation of infrastructure facilities of the type concerned (see the÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûìè èëè íîðìàòèâíûìè òðåáîâàíèÿìè, êàñàþùèìèñÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà è ýêñïëóàòàöèè îáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî òèïà. Ïîëíîìî÷èÿ íà ðåãóëèðîâàíèå óñëóã â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû
Legislative Guide, recommendation 6 and chap. I, “General legislative and institutional framework”,(ñì. ãëàâó I Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Îáùèå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè”, ïóíêòû 30–53) Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 7. Íå ñëåäóåò íàäåëÿòü ïîëíîìî÷èÿìè íà ðåãóëèðîâàíèå
paras. 23-29). In addition, for countries that contemplate providing specific forms of governmentóñëóã â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû òåõ ñóáúåêòîâ, êîòîðûå ïðÿìî èëè êîñâåííî çàíèìàþòñÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèåì óñëóã â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
support to infrastructure projects, it may be useful for the relevant law, such as legislation or aÐåêîìåíäàöèÿ 8. Êîìïåòåíöèåé ïî âîïðîñàì ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñëåäóåò íàäåëÿòü ôóíêöèîíàëüíî íåçàâèñèìûå îðãàíû, îáëàäàþùèå äîñòàòî÷íûì
regulation governing the activities of entities authorized to offer government support, to identifyóðîâíåì àâòîíîìèè äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ òîãî, ÷òîáû èõ ðåøåíèÿ ïðèíèìàëèñü
clearly which entities have the power to provide such support and what kind of support may beáåç ïîëèòè÷åñêîãî âìåøàòåëüñòâà èëè íåíàäëåæàùåãî äàâëåíèÿ ñî ñòîðîíû îïåðàòîðîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû è ïîñòàâùèêîâ îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã.
provided (see chap. II, “Project risks and government support”).Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 9. Ñëåäóåò îáåñïå÷èòü îïóáëèêîâàíèå ïðàâèë, óñòàíàâëèâàþùèõ ïîðÿäîê ïðèìåíåíèÿ ïðîöåäóð ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ.  ðåøåíèÿõ, ïðèíèìàåìûõ â ïîðÿäêå ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ, ñëåäóåò óêàçûâàòü ïðè÷èíû, íà êîòîðûõ îíè îñíîâûâàþòñÿ, è òàêèå ðåøåíèÿ äîëæíû áûòü äîñòóïíû äëÿ çàèíòåðåñîâàííûõ ñòîðîí â ðåçóëüòàòå èõ îïóáëèêîâàíèÿ èëè ñ ïîìîùüþ
5äðóãèõ ñðåäñòâ.
Enacting States may generally have two options for completing this model provision.Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 10.  çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ñëåäóåò óñòàíîâèòü ïðîçðà÷íûå ïðîöåäóðû, ñ ïîìîùüþ êîòîðûõ êîíöåññèîíåð ìîæåò îáæàëîâàòü â íåçàâèñèìîì è áåñïðèñòðàñòíîì îðãàíå, â òîì ÷èñëå â ñóäå, ïðèíÿòûå â×àñòü ïåðâàÿ.
OneÐåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì âîïðîñàì 3
alternative may be to provide a list of authorities empowered to enter into concession contracts, eitherïîðÿäêå ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ðåøåíèÿ, è ñëåäóåò óêàçàòü îñíîâàíèÿ äëÿ òàêîãî
in the model provision or in a schedule to be attached thereto. Another alternative might be for theâîçìîæíîãî îáæàëîâàíèÿ.
enacting State to indicate the levels of government that have the power to enter into those contracts,Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 11. Åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, ñëåäóåò ïðåäóñìîòðåòü ñïåöèàëüíûå ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ ðàçðåøåíèÿ ñïîðîâ ìåæäó ïîñòàâùèêàìè îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã â îòíîøåíèè óòâåðæäåíèé î íàðóøåíèè çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ è
without naming relevant public authorities. In a federal State, for example, such an enabling clauseíîðìàòèâíûõ òðåáîâàíèé, ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé ñåêòîð.
might refer to “the Union, the states [or provinces] and the municipalities”.II.
In any event, it is advisableÐèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè,
for enacting States that wish to include an exhaustive list of authorities to consider mechanismsè ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà
allowing for revisions of such a list as the need arises. One possibility to that end might be to includeÐèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè, è ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ðèñêîâ
the list in a schedule to the law or in regulations that may be issued thereunder.Part two. Model legislative provisions 7(ñì. ãëàâó II Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Ðèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè, è ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà”,
Model provision 4. Eligible infrastructure sectors (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 4 and chap. I, paras. 19-22)ïóíêòû 8–29)
Concession contracts may be entered into by the relevant authorities in theÐåêîìåíäàöèÿ 12. Íå ñëåäóåò óñòàíàâëèâàòü èçëèøíèõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ
following sectors: [the enacting State indicates the relevant sectors by way ofèëè ðåãóëÿòèâíûõ îãðàíè÷åíèé ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ñïîñîáíîñòè îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà ñîãëàñîâûâàòü òàêîå ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ðèñêîâ, êîòîðîå îòâå÷àåò ïîòðåáíîñòÿì ïðîåêòà.
an exhaustive or indicative list].Ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà (ñì. ãëàâó II Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Ðèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè, è ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà”, ïóíêòû 30–60)
6Ðåêîìåíäàöèÿ 13.  çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ñëåäóåò ÿñíî óêàçàòü òå ïóáëè÷íûå îðãàíû ïðèíèìàþùåé ñòðàíû, êîòîðûå ìîãóò ïðåäîñòàâëÿòü ôèíàíñîâóþ èëè ýêîíîìè÷åñêóþ ïîääåðæêó îñóùåñòâëåíèþ ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, è òå âèäû ïîääåðæêè, êîòîðûå îíè óïîëíîìî÷åíû ïðåäîñòàâëÿòü.5
II. Selection of the concessionaire×àñòü âòîðàÿ
Model provision 5. Rules governing the selection proceedings (seeÒèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå
the Legislative Guide, recommendation 14 and chap. III, paras. 1-33)ïîëîæåíèÿ
The selection of the concessionaire shall be conducted in accordance withI. Îáùèå ïîëîæåíèÿ
model provisions 6-27 and, for matters not provided herein, in accordance withÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 1. Ïðåàìáóëà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 1 è ãëàâó I, ïóíêòû 2–14)
[the enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws that provide for transparent and efficient competitive procedures for the award of government[Ïðàâèòåëüñòâî] [Ïàðëàìåíò] ... , ñ÷èòàÿ æåëàòåëüíûì óñòàíîâèòü áëàãîïðèÿòíûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå îñíîâû äëÿ ïîîùðåíèÿ è îáëåã÷åíèÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, ïóòåì ñîäåéñòâèÿ ïðîçðà÷íîñòè, ñïðàâåäëèâîñòè è äîëãîñðî÷íîé óñòîé÷èâîñòè, à òàêæå óñòðàíåíèÿ íåîïðàâäàííûõ îãðàíè÷åíèé íà ó÷àñòèå ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà â ðàçâèòèè è ýêñïëóàòàöèè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû;
contracts].[Ïðàâèòåëüñòâî] [Ïàðëàìåíò] ... , ñ÷èòàÿ æåëàòåëüíûì äàëüíåéøåå ðàçâèòèå îáùèõ ïðèíöèïîâ ïðîçðà÷íîñòè, ýêîíîìè÷íîñòè è ñïðàâåäëèâîñòè ïðè
7ïðèíÿòèè ðåøåíèé î çàêëþ÷åíèè êîíòðàêòîâ ïóáëè÷íûìè îðãàíàìè ÷åðåç óñòàíîâëåíèå ñïåöèàëüíûõ ïðîöåäóð äëÿ âûäà÷è ïîäðÿäîâ íà ïðîåêòû â îáëàñòè
1. Pre-selection of biddersèíôðàñòðóêòóðû;
Model provision 6. Purpose and procedure of pre-selection (see the[äðóãèå öåëè, êîòîðûå, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò ïåðå÷èñëèòü ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî];
Legislative Guide, chap. III, paras. 34-50)ïðèíèìàåò íèæåñëåäóþùèé Çàêîí:
1. The contracting authority shall engage in pre-selection proceedingsÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 2. Îïðåäåëåíèÿ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Ââåäåíèå”, ïóíêòû 9–20)
with a view to identifying bidders that are suitably qualified to implement theÄëÿ öåëåé íàñòîÿùåãî Çàêîíà:
envisaged infrastructure project.à) “îáúåêò èíôðàñòðóêòóðû” îçíà÷àåò ìàòåðèàëüíûå îáúåêòû è ñèñòåìû, êîòîðûå ïðÿìî èëè êîñâåííî ó÷àñòâóþò â ïðåäîñòàâëåíèè óñëóã íàñåëåíèþ;
6b) “ïðîåêò â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû” îçíà÷àåò ïðîåêòû â îáëàñòè ïðîåêòíî-êîíñòðóêòîðñêèõ ðàáîò, ñîîðóæåíèÿ, ðàçâèòèÿ è ýêñïëóàòàöèè íîâûõ
It is advisable for enacting States that wish to include an exhaustive list of sectors to considerîáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû èëè ðåêîíñòðóêöèè, ìîäåðíèçàöèè, ðàñøèðåíèÿ èëè
mechanisms allowing for revisions of such a list as the need arises. One possibility to that end mightýêñïëóàòàöèè äåéñòâóþùèõ îáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû;6 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
be to include the list in a schedule to the law or in regulations that may be issued thereunder.ñ) “îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê” îçíà÷àåò ïóáëè÷íóþ îðãàíèçàöèþ, îáëàäàþùóþ ïîëíîìî÷èÿìè çàêëþ÷àòü êîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû äëÿ ðåàëèçàöèè ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû [ñîãëàñíî ïîëîæåíèÿì íàñòîÿùåãî Çàêîíà]
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The reader’s attention is drawn to the relationship between the procedures for the selection of;
the concessionaire and the general legislative framework for the award of government contracts in thed) “êîíöåññèîíåð” îçíà÷àåò ëèöî, êîòîðîå îñóùåñòâëÿåò ïðîåêò â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ñîãëàñíî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó, çàêëþ÷åííîìó ñ
enacting State. While some elements of structured competition that exist in traditional procurementîðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì;
methods may be usefully applied, a number of adaptations are needed to take into account theå) “êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð” îçíà÷àåò âçàèìîîáÿçûâàþùåå ñîãëàøåíèå èëè ñîãëàøåíèÿ, êîòîðûå çàêëþ÷åíû ìåæäó îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì è
particular needs of privately financed infrastructure projects, such as a clearly defined pre-selectionêîíöåññèîíåðîì è êîòîðûå óñòàíàâëèâàþò óñëîâèÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà â
phase, flexibility in the formulation of requests for proposals, special evaluation criteria and someîáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû;
scope for negotiations with bidders. The selection procedures reflected in this chapter are based largelyf) “ó÷àñòíèê ïðîöåäóð” è “ó÷àñòíèêè ïðîöåäóð” îçíà÷àþò ëèöà, âêëþ÷àÿ
on the features of the principal method for the procurement of services under the UNCITRAL Modelãðóïïû ëèö, ó÷àñòâóþùèå â ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà â ñâÿçè ñ ïðîåêòîì â îáëàñòè
Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, which was adopted by UNCITRAL at itsèíôðàñòðóêòóðû
twenty-seventh session, held in New York from 31 May to 17 June (the “Model Procurement Law”).2
The model provisions on the selection of the concessionaire are not intended to replace or reproduce;
the entire rules of the enacting State on government procurement, but rather to assist domesticg) “íåçàïðîøåííîå ïðåäëîæåíèå” îçíà÷àåò ëþáîå êàñàþùååñÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ïðåäëîæåíèå, êîòîðîå ïðåäñòàâëåíî íå â îòâåò íà çàïðîñ èëè ïðèãëàøåíèå ñî ñòîðîíû îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà
legislators in developing special rules for the selection of the concessionaire. The model provisionsâ êîíòåêñòå ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà;
assume that there exists in the enacting State a general framework for the award of governmenth) “ðåãóëèðóþùåå ó÷ðåæäåíèå” îçíà÷àåò ïóáëè÷íûé îðãàí, êîòîðîìó
contracts providing for transparent and efficient competitive procedures in a manner that meets theïðåäîñòàâëåíû ïîëíîìî÷èÿ èçäàâàòü ïðàâèëà è ïîñòàíîâëåíèÿ, ðåãóëèðóþùèå
standards of the Model Procurement Law. Thus, the model provisions do not deal with a number ofôóíêöèîíèðîâàíèå îáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû è ïðåäîñòàâëåíèå ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ óñëóã, è îáåñïå÷èâàòü èõ âûïîëíåíèå
practical procedural steps that would typically be found in an adequate general procurement regime.3 . Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 3. Ïîëíîìî÷èÿ çàêëþ÷àòü êîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 2 è ãëàâó I, ïóíêòû 15–18)
Examples include the following matters: manner of publication of notices, procedures for issuance ofÏîëíîìî÷èÿìè çàêëþ÷àòü êîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû â ñâÿçè ñ îñóùåñòâëåíèåì ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû â ñâîèõ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ îáëàñòÿõ êîìïåòåíöèè îáëàäàþò ñëåäóþùèå ïóáëè÷íûå îðãàíû
requests for proposals, record-keeping of the procurement process, accessibility of information to the4
public and review procedures. Where appropriate, the notes to these model provisions refer the reader: [ïðèíèìàþùåå
to provisions of the Model Procurement Law, which may, mutatis mutandis, supplement the practical1
elements of the selection procedure described herein.8 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsÑëåäóåò îòìåòèòü, ÷òî ýòî îïðåäåëåíèå óâÿçûâàåòñÿ òîëüêî ñ ïîëíîìî÷èÿìè çàêëþ÷àòü
2. The invitation to participate in the pre-selection proceedings shall beêîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû. Â çàâèñèìîñòè îò ðåæèìà ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ, äåéñòâóþùåãî â ïðèíèìàþùåì ãîñóäàðñòâå, îòâåòñòâåííîñòü çà ïðèíÿòèå íîðì è ïðàâèë, ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèå
published in accordance with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of itsñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé óñëóãè, ìîæåò âîçëàãàòüñÿ íà îòäåëüíûé îðãàí, êîòîðûé â ïîäïóíêòå h) íàçâàí
laws governing publication of invitation to participate in proceedings for the“ðåãóëèðóþùèì ó÷ðåæäåíèåì”.
pre-qualification of suppliers and contractors].2
3. To the extent not already required by [the enacting State indicatesÒåðìèíû “ó÷àñòíèê ïðîöåäóð” èëè “ó÷àñòíèêè ïðîöåäóð” îõâàòûâàþò, â çàâèñèìîñòè îò
the provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the contentêîíòåêñòà, êàê ëèöà, îáðàùàþùèåñÿ çà ïðèãëàøåíèåì ïðèíÿòü ó÷àñòèå â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, òàê è ëèöà, ïðåäñòàâèâøèå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â îòâåò íà çàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé, ñäåëàííûé
of invitations to participate in proceedings for the pre-qualification of suppliers and contractors],îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì.
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the invitation to participate in the pre-selection proceedings shall include at least the following:Âîïðîñû îá îðãàíèçàöèè, ñòðóêòóðå è ôóíêöèÿõ òàêîãî ðåãóëèðóþùåãî ó÷ðåæäåíèÿ ïîòðåáóåòñÿ, âîçìîæíî, óðåãóëèðîâàòü â ñïåöèàëüíîì çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 7–11 è ãëàâó I “Îáùèå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå è èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå
(a) A description of the infrastructure facility;ðàìêè”, ïóíêòû 30–53).
(b) An indication of other essential elements of the project, such as the4
services to be delivered by the concessionaire, the financial arrangementsÖåëåñîîáðàçíî ñîçäàòü èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ìåõàíèçìû äëÿ êîîðäèíàöèè äåÿòåëüíîñòè ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ, îòâåòñòâåííûõ çà âûäà÷ó óòâåðæäåíèé, ëèöåíçèé, ðàçðåøåíèé èëè ñàíêöèé, êîòîðûå íåîáõîäèìû äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 7
envisaged by the contracting authority (for example, whether the project willãîñóäàðñòâî ïåðå÷èñëÿåò ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå ïóáëè÷íûå îðãàíû ñâîåé
be entirely financed by user fees or tariffs or whether public funds such asñòðàíû, êîòîðûå ìîãóò çàêëþ÷àòü êîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû, â èñ÷åðïûâàþùåì èëè ïðèìåðíîì ñïèñêå ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ, ñïèñêå ðàçëè÷íûõ êàòåãîðèé ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ èëè â ñî÷åòàíèè òàêèõ ñïèñêîâ]
direct payments, loans or guarantees may be provided to the concessionaire);5
(c) Where already known, a summary of the main required terms of the.
concession contract to be entered into;Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 4. Ñåêòîðû èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, â êîòîðûõ
(d) The manner and place for the submission of applications for preselection and the deadline for the submission, expressed as a specific dateìîãóò áûòü âûäàíû êîíöåññèè (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 4 è ãëàâó I, ïóíêòû 19–22)
and time, allowing sufficient time for bidders to prepare and submit theirÊîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû ìîãóò çàêëþ÷àòüñÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèìè îðãàíàìè â ñëåäóþùèõ ñåêòîðàõ: [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå ñåêòîðû â èñ÷åðïûâàþùåì èëè ïðèìåðíîì ñïèñêå]
applications; and6
(e) The manner and place for solicitation of the pre-selection documents..
4. To the extent not already required by [the enacting State indicatesII. Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà
the provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the contentÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 5. Ïðàâèëà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå ïðîöåäóðû îòáîðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 14 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 1–33)
of the pre-selection documents to be provided to suppliers and contractors inÂûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà îñóùåñòâëÿåòñÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè 6–27, à â âîïðîñàõ, íå óðåãóëèðîâàííûõ â ýòèõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî
proceedings for the pre-qualification of suppliers and contractors],÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûìè èëè íîðìàòèâíûìè òðåáîâàíèÿìè, êàñàþùèìèñÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà è ýêñïëóàòàöèè îáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî òèïà (ñì.
9 the preselection documents shall include at least the following information:Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 6 è ãëàâó I “Îáùèå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå
(a) The pre-selection criteria in accordance with model provision 7; (b) Whether the contracting authority intends to waive the limitations on the participation of consortia set forth in model provision 8; (c) Whether the contracting authority intends to request only a limitedè èíñòèòóöèîíàëüíûå ðàìêè”, ïóíêòû 23–29). Êðîìå òîãî, äëÿ ñòðàí, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþùèõ âîçìîæíîñòü îêàçàíèÿ êàêèõ-ëèáî ñïåöèàëüíûõ ôîðì ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííîé ïîääåðæêè ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè
numberèíôðàñòðóêòóðû, áûëî áû, âîçìîæíî, öåëåñîîáðàçíî ÷åòêî óêàçàòü â ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ àêòàõ, òàêèõ êàê çàêîíû èëè ïðàâèëà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå äåÿòåëüíîñòü ñóáúåêòîâ, óïîëíîìî÷åííûõ ïðåäîñòàâëÿòü ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííóþ ïîääåðæêó, êàêèå ñóáúåêòû èìåþò ïðàâî ïðåäîñòàâëÿòü
10òàêóþ ïîääåðæêó è â êàêèõ ôîðìàõ îíà ìîæåò áûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíà (ñì. ãëàâó II “Ðèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå
of pre-selected bidders to submit proposals upon completion of theñ ïðîåêòàìè, è ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà”).
pre-selection proceedings in accordance with model provision 9, paragraph 2,5
and, if applicable, the manner in which this selection will be carried out;Â öåëîì â ðàñïîðÿæåíèè ïðèíèìàþùèõ ãîñóäàðñòâ ìîãóò èìåòüñÿ äâå âîçìîæíîñòè äëÿ
8âîïëîùåíèÿ ýòîãî òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ â çàêîíîäàòåëüíóþ íîðìó. Îäíà èç íèõ ìîæåò ñîñòîÿòü â
A list of elements typically contained in an invitation to participate in pre-qualification proceedings can be found in art. 25, para. 2, of the Model Procurement Law.òîì, ÷òîáû ïîäãîòîâèòü ñïèñîê îðãàíîâ, óïîëíîìî÷åííûõ çàêëþ÷àòü êîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû, è
9âêëþ÷èòü åãî ëèáî â òåêñò òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ, ëèáî â ïðèëîæåííûé ê íåìó ïåðå÷åíü. Äðóãîé
A list of elements typically contained in pre-qualification documents can be found in art. 7,âàðèàíò, êîòîðûé ìîæåò èñïîëüçîâàòü ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî, çàêëþ÷àåòñÿ â óêàçàíèè òåõ
para. 3, of the Model Procurement Law.óðîâíåé óïðàâëåíèÿ, êîòîðûå îáëàäàþò ïîëíîìî÷èÿìè çàêëþ÷àòü òàêèå äîãîâîðû, áåç ïåðå÷èñëåíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ. Íàïðèìåð, â ôåäåðàòèâíîì ãîñóäàðñòâå â òàêîé óïîëíîìî÷èâàþùåé îãîâîðêå ìîæåò ñîäåðæàòüñÿ ññûëêà íà “ñîþç, øòàòû [èëè ïðîâèíöèè] è ìóíèöèïàëèòåòû”.  ëþáîì ñëó÷àå ïðèíèìàþùèì ãîñóäàðñòâàì, êîòîðûå õîòåëè áû âêëþ÷èòü
10èñ÷åðïûâàþùèé ñïèñîê òàêèõ îðãàíîâ, öåëåñîîáðàçíî ïðåäóñìîòðåòü ìåõàíèçìû, ïîçâîëÿþùèå
In some countries, practical guidance on selection procedures encourages domestic contractingïåðåñìàòðèâàòü ïîäîáíûå ñïèñêè ïî ìåðå íåîáõîäèìîñòè. Îäèí èç âàðèàíòîâ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî
authorities to limit the prospective proposals to the lowest possible number sufficient to ensureðåøåíèÿ ìîæåò ñîñòîÿòü âî âêëþ÷åíèè ýòîãî ñïèñêà â ïðèëîæåíèå ê çàêîíîäàòåëüíîìó àêòó èëè
meaningful competition (for example, three or four). The manner in which rating systems (in particularâ ïðàâèëà, êîòîðûå ìîãóò áûòü èçäàíû íà åãî îñíîâàíèè.
quantitative ones) may be used to arrive at such a range of bidders is discussed in the Legislative6
Guide (see chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 48 and 49). See also footnote 14.Part two. Model legislative provisions 9Ïðèíèìàþùèì ãîñóäàðñòâàì, êîòîðûå õîòåëè áû âêëþ÷èòü èñ÷åðïûâàþùèé ñïèñîê òàêèõ
(d) Whether the contracting authority intends to require the successfulñåêòîðîâ, öåëåñîîáðàçíî ïðåäóñìîòðåòü ìåõàíèçìû, ïîçâîëÿþùèå ïåðåñìàòðèâàòü ïîäîáíûå
bidder to establish an independent legal entity established and incorporatedñïèñêè ïî ìåðå íåîáõîäèìîñòè. Îäèí èç âàðèàíòîâ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî ðåøåíèÿ ìîæåò ñîñòîÿòü âî
under the laws of [the enacting State] in accordance with model provision 30.âêëþ÷åíèè ýòîãî ñïèñêà â ïðèëîæåíèå ê çàêîíîäàòåëüíîìó àêòó èëè â ïðàâèëà, êîòîðûå ìîãóò áûòü
5. For matters not provided for in this model provision, the preselection proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with [the enactingèçäàíû íà åãî îñíîâàíèè.8 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
State indicates the provisions of its laws on government procurement governing the conduct of proceedings for the pre-qualification of suppliers andçàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, êîòîðûå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþò ïðîçðà÷íûå è ýôôåêòèâíûå êîíêóðåíòíûå ïðîöåäóðû ïðèíÿòèÿ ðåøåíèé î çàêëþ÷åíèè ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ êîíòðàêòîâ]
contractors].7
11.
Model provision 7. Pre-selection criteria (see the Legislative Guide,1. Ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð
recommendation 15 and chap. III, paras. 34-40, 43 and 44)Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 6. Öåëü è ïðîöåäóðû ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III,
In order to qualify for the selection proceedings, interested bidders mustïóíêòû 34–50) 1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðîâîäèò ïðîöåäóðû ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà
meet objectively justifiable criteriañ öåëüþ âûÿâëåíèÿ ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, îáëàäàþùèõ íàäëåæàùåé êâàëèôèêàöèåé äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìîãî ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
122. Ïðèãëàøåíèå ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà ïóáëèêóåòñÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû î ïóáëèêàöèè
that the contracting authority considersïðèãëàøåíèé ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííîãî îòáîðà
appropriate in the particular proceedings, as stated in the pre-selection documents. These criteria shall include at least the following:ïîñòàâùèêîâ è ïîäðÿä÷èêîâ].
(a) Adequate professional and technical qualifications, human resources,3. Â òîé ìåðå, â êîòîðîé ýòî óæå íå òðåáóåòñÿ â ñèëó ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå
equipment and other physical facilities as necessary to carry out all the phasesãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïðîöåäóðàõ çàêóïîê, ðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû ñîäåðæàíèÿ ïðèãëàøåíèé ê ó÷àñòèþ
of the project, including design, construction, operation and maintenance;â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííîãî îòáîðà ïîñòàâùèêîâ è ïîäðÿä÷è7
(b) Sufficient ability to manage the financial aspects of the project andÂíèìàíèå ÷èòàòåëÿ îáðàùàåòñÿ íà âçàèìîñâÿçü ìåæäó ïðîöåäóðàìè âûáîðà êîíöåññèîíåðà
capability to sustain its financing requirements;è îáùèìè çàêîíîäàòåëüíûìè ðàìêàìè äëÿ ïðèíÿòèÿ ðåøåíèé î çàêëþ÷åíèè ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ
(c) Appropriate managerial and organizational capability, reliability andêîíòðàêòîâ â ïðèíèìàþùåì ãîñóäàðñòâå. Õîòÿ â äàííîì ñëó÷àå ìîãóò áûòü ñ ïîëüçîé ïðèìåíåíû
experience, including previous experience in operating similar infrastructureíåêîòîðûå ñóùåñòâóþùèå â ðàìêàõ òðàäèöèîííûõ ìåòîäîâ çàêóïîê ýëåìåíòû, ñòðóêòóðíî îáåñïå÷èâàþùèå êîíêóðåíöèþ, íåîáõîäèìî âíåñòè ðÿä èçìåíåíèé äëÿ ó÷åòà îñîáûõ ïîòðåáíîñòåé ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, íàïðèìåð â òîì, ÷òî
facilities.êàñàåòñÿ ÷åòêî ïðîïèñàííîãî ýòàïà ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, ãèáêîñòè â ôîðìóëèðîâêå çàïðîñîâ
Model provision 8. Participation of consortia (see the Legislativeïðåäëîæåíèé, ñïåöèàëüíûõ êðèòåðèåâ îöåíêè è îïðåäåëåííûõ âîçìîæíîñòåé äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ ïåðåãîâîðîâ ñ ó÷àñòíèêàìè ïðîöåäóð. Ïðîöåäóðû îòáîðà, ðàññìàòðèâàåìûå â äàííîé ãëàâå, â çíà÷èòåëüíîé ìåðå îñíîâûâàþòñÿ íà ýëåìåíòàõ îñíîâíîãî ìåòîäà çàêóïîê óñëóã â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ Òèïîâûì çàêîíîì ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË î çàêóïêàõ òîâàðîâ (ðàáîò) è óñëóã, êîòîðûé áûë ïðèíÿò ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË
Guide, recommendation 16 and chap. III, paras. 41 and 42)íà åå äâàäöàòü ñåäüìîé ñåññèè, ïðîâåäåííîé â Íüþ-Éîðêå 31 ìàÿ – 17 èþíÿ 1994 ãîäà (“Òèïîâîé
1. The contracting authority, when first inviting the participation ofçàêîí î çàêóïêàõ”). Òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ î âûáîðå êîíöåññèîíåðà íå ïðåñëåäóþò öåëè çàìåíèòü èëè
bidders in the selection proceedings, shall allow them to form bidding consortia. The information required from members of bidding consortia to demonstrate their qualifications in accordance with model provision 7 shall relate toâîñïðîèçâåñòè âåñü ñâîä ïðàâèë ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà î ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ çàêóïêàõ; îíè
the consortium as a whole as well as to its individual participants.ïðåäíàçíà÷åíû äëÿ îêàçàíèÿ ïîìîùè íàöèîíàëüíûì çàêîíîäàòåëÿì â ðàçðàáîòêå ñïåöèàëüíûõ
11ïðàâèë, ïðèñïîñîáëåííûõ äëÿ âûáîðà êîíöåññèîíåðà. Ïðîåêòû òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèé èñõîäÿò èç
Procedural steps on pre-qualification proceedings, including procedures for handling requestsòîãî, ÷òî â ïðèíèìàþùåì ãîñóäàðñòâå ñóùåñòâóþò îáùèå ðàìêè äëÿ ïðèíÿòèÿ ðåøåíèé î çàêëþ÷åíèè ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ êîíòðàêòîâ, êîòîðûå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþò ïðîçðà÷íûå è ýôôåêòèâíûå êîíêóðåíòíûå ïðîöåäóðû, îòâå÷àþùèå ñòàíäàðòàì Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ. Òàêèì îáðàçîì, òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ íå çàòðàãèâàþò ðÿäà ïðàêòè÷åñêèõ ïðîöåäóðíûõ ìåð, êîòîðûå, êàê ïðàâèëî,
for clarifications and disclosure requirements for the contracting authority’s decision on the bidders’áóäóò ïðåäóñìàòðèâàòüñÿ íàäëåæàùèì îáùèì ðåæèìîì ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ çàêóïîê. Ýòî îòíîñèòñÿ,
qualifications, can be found in art. 7 of the Model Procurement Law, paras. 2-7.íàïðèìåð, ê ñëåäóþùèì âîïðîñàì: ñïîñîá îïóáëèêîâàíèÿ óâåäîìëåíèé, ïðîöåäóðû âûäà÷è çàïðîñîâ ïðåäëîæåíèé, âåäåíèå îò÷åòíîñòè î ïðîöåññå çàêóïîê, äîñòóïíîñòü èíôîðìàöèè äëÿ îáùåñòâåííîñòè è ïðîöåäóðû îáæàëîâàíèÿ. Åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, êîììåíòàðèè ê ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèì òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèÿì îòñûëàþò ÷èòàòåëÿ ê ïîëîæåíèÿì Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ, êîòîðûå ìîãóò
12mutatis mutandis äîïîëíÿòü îïèñûâàåìûå ïðàêòè÷åñêèå ýëåìåíòû ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 9
The laws of some countries provide for some sort of preferential treatment for domesticêîâ]
entities or afford special treatment to bidders that undertake to use national goods or employ local8
labour. The various issues raised by domestic preferences are discussed in the Legislative Guide (see, â ïðèãëàøåíèå ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà âêëþ÷àåòñÿ, êàê ìèíèìóì, ñëåäóþùàÿ èíôîðìàöèÿ:
chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 43 and 44). The Legislative Guide suggests thatà) îïèñàíèå îáúåêòà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû;
countries that wish to provide some incentive to national suppliers may wish to apply such preferencesb) óêàçàíèå äðóãèõ ñóùåñòâåííûõ ýëåìåíòîâ ïðîåêòà, òàêèõ êàê óñëóãè,
in the form of special evaluation criteria, rather than by a blanket exclusion of foreign suppliers. Inêîòîðûå äîëæíû ïðåäîñòàâëÿòüñÿ êîíöåññèîíåðîì, ôèíàíñîâûå ìåõàíèçìû,
any event, where domestic preferences are envisaged, they should be announced in advance, preferably in the invitation to the pre-selection proceedings.10 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsêîòîðûå ïðåäïîëàãàåò èñïîëüçîâàòü îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê (íàïðèìåð, áóäåò ëè
2. Unless otherwise [authorized by . . . [the enacting State indicates theïðîåêò ïîëíîñòüþ ôèíàíñèðîâàòüñÿ çà ñ÷åò ïëàòåæåé ïîëüçîâàòåëåé èëè òàðèôîâ èëè æå êîíöåññèîíåðó ìîãóò áûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíû ïóáëè÷íûå ñðåäñòâà â
relevant authority] and] stated in the pre-selection documents, each member ofâèäå ïðÿìûõ ïëàòåæåé, ññóä èëè ãàðàíòèé); è
a consortium may participate, either directly or indirectly, in only one consortiumñ) åñëè ýòî óæå èçâåñòíî, êðàòêîå èçëîæåíèå îñíîâíûõ òðåáóåìûõ óñëîâèé êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, êîòîðûé äîëæåí áûòü çàêëþ÷åí;
13d) ñïîñîá è ìåñòî ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ çàÿâîê íà ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð è
at the same time. A violation of this rule shall cause the disqualificationïðåäåëüíûé ñðîê äëÿ èõ ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ, âûðàæåííûé â âèäå êîíêðåòíîé äàòû
of the consortium and of the individual members.è âðåìåíè ñóòîê è ïðåäîñòàâëÿþùèé â ðàñïîðÿæåíèå ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð
3. When considering the qualifications of bidding consortia, the contracting authority shall consider the capabilities of each of the consortiumäîñòàòî÷íîå âðåìÿ äëÿ ïîäãîòîâêè è ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ èõ çàÿâîê; è
members and assess whether the combined qualifications of the consortiumå) ñïîñîá è ìåñòî ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ çàÿâîê íà ïîëó÷åíèå äîêóìåíòàöèè
members are adequate to meet the needs of all phases of the project.äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà.
Model provision 9. Decision on pre-selection (see the Legislative4. Â òîé ìåðå, â êîòîðîé ýòî óæå íå òðåáóåòñÿ â ñèëó ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå
Guide, recommendation 17 (for para. 2) and chap. III, paras. 47-50)ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïðîöåäóðàõ çàêóïîê, ðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû ñîäåðæàíèÿ äîêóìåíòàöèè äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, êîòîðàÿ äîëæíà ïðåäîñòàâëÿòüñÿ ïîñòàâùèêàì è
1. The contracting authority shall make a decision with respect to theïîäðÿä÷èêàì â ðàìêàõ ïðîöåäóð ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííîãî îòáîðà ïîñòàâùèêîâ è ïîäðÿä÷èêîâ]
qualifications of each bidder that has submitted an application for preselection. In reaching that decision, the contracting authority shall apply only9
the criteria that are set forth in the pre-selection documents. All pre-selected, â äîêóìåíòàöèþ äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà âêëþ÷àåòñÿ, êàê ìèíèìóì, ñëåäóþùàÿ èíôîðìàöèÿ:
bidders shall thereafter be invited by the contracting authority to submità) êðèòåðèè ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèåì 7;
proposals in accordance with model provisions 10-17.b) íàìåðåâàåòñÿ ëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ñíÿòü îãðàíè÷åíèÿ íà ó÷àñòèå
2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, the contracting authority may, provided that it has made an appropriate statement in the pre-selection documentsêîíñîðöèóìîâ, óñòàíîâëåííûå â òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè 8; ñ) íàìåðåâàåòñÿ ëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê îáðàòèòüñÿ òîëüêî ê îãðàíè÷åííîìó ÷èñëó
to that effect, reserve the right to request proposals upon completion of the preselection proceedings only from a limited number10
14ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, ïðîøåäøèõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð, ñ
of bidders that best meetçàïðîñîì ïðåäëîæåíèé ïîñëå çàâåðøåíèÿ ïðîöåäóð ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà
the pre-selection criteria. For this purpose, the contracting authority shall rateâ ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïóíêòîì 2 òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 9 è, åñëè òàêîé ïîðÿäîê áóäåò ïðèìåíÿòüñÿ, ñïîñîá îòáîðà òàêèõ ó÷àñòíèêîâ;
the bidders that meet the pre-selection criteria on the basis of the criteria8
applied to assess their qualifications and draw up the list of bidders that willÏåðå÷åíü ýëåìåíòîâ, îáû÷íî âêëþ÷àåìûõ â ïðèãëàøåíèå ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííîãî îòáîðà, ìîæíî íàéòè â ïóíêòå 2 ñòàòüè 25 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ.
be invited to submit proposals upon completion of the pre-selection proceedings. In drawing up the list, the contracting authority shall apply only the9 Ïåðå÷åíü ýëåìåíòîâ, îáû÷íî âêëþ÷àåìûõ â ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííóþ äîêóìåíòàöèþ, ìîæíî íàéòè â ïóíêòå 3 ñòàòüè 7 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ.
manner of rating that is set forth in the pre-selection documents.10
13 íåêîòîðûõ ñòðàíàõ â ïðàêòè÷åñêèõ ðóêîâîäñòâàõ ïî ïðîöåäóðàì îòáîðà íàöèîíàëüíûì
The rationale for prohibiting the participation of bidders in more than one consortium toîðãàíèçàöèÿì-çàêàç÷èêàì ðåêîìåíäóåòñÿ îãðàíè÷èâàòü êîëè÷åñòâî ïîòåíöèàëüíûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé
submit proposals for the same project is to reduce the risk of leakage of information or collusionäî ìèíèìàëüíî âîçìîæíîãî óðîâíÿ, ïîçâîëÿþùåãî îáåñïå÷èòü äîñòàòî÷íóþ êîíêóðåíöèþ (íàïðèìåð, òðè èëè ÷åòûðå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ). Ñïîñîá, ñ ïîìîùüþ êîòîðîãî äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ òàêîãî ÷èñëà
between competing consortia.ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð ìîãóò áûòü èñïîëüçîâàíû ñèñòåìû îöåíîê (â îñîáåííîñòè ñèñòåìû êîëè÷åñòâåííûõ îöåíîê), ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ (ñì.
Nevertheless, the model provision contemplates the possibility of adãëàâó III
hoc exceptions to this rule, for instance, in the event that only one company or only a limited number“Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 48 è 49). Ñì. òàêæå ñíîñêó 14.10 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
of companies could be expected to deliver a specific good or service essential for the implementationd) íàìåðåâàåòñÿ ëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïîòðåáîâàòü îò ïîáåäèâøåãî ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð ó÷ðåäèòü ñàìîñòîÿòåëüíîå þðèäè÷åñêîå ëèöî, ñîçäàííîå
of the project.è çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííîå â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ çàêîíàìè [ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà], â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèåì 30.
145. Ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê âîïðîñàì, íå óðåãóëèðîâàííûì â íàñòîÿùåì òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè, ïðîöåäóðû ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà ïðîâîäÿòñÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî
In some countries, practical guidance on selection procedures encourages domestic contractingçàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííûõ çàêóïêàõ, ðåãóëèðóþùèå ïðîâåäåíèå ïðîöåäóð ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííîãî îòáîðà ïîñòàâùèêîâ è ïîäðÿä÷èêîâ]
authorities to limit the prospective proposals to the lowest possible number sufficient to ensure11
meaningful competition (for example, three or four). The manner in which rating systems (in particular.
quantitative ones) may be used to arrive at such a range of bidders is discussed in the LegislativeÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 7. Êðèòåðèè ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà
Guide (see chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, para. 48).(ñì.
It should be noted that the ratingÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 15 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 34–40, 43 è 44)
system is used solely for the purpose of the pre-selection of bidders. The ratings of the pre-selectedÑ òåì ÷òîáû âûïîëíèòü óñëîâèÿ äëÿ ó÷àñòèÿ â ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà, çàèíòåðåñîâàííûå ó÷àñòíèêè ïðîöåäóð äîëæíû ïîäòâåðäèòü, ÷òî îíè óäîâëåòâîðÿþò îáúåêòèâíî îïðàâäàííûì êðèòåðèÿì
bidders should not be taken into account at the stage of evaluation of proposals (see model provision 15), at which all pre-selected bidders should start out on an equal standing.Part two. Model legislative provisions 1112 , êîòîðûå áûëè ñî÷òåíû îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì óìåñòíûìè ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèì êîíêðåòíûì ïðîöåäóðàì, êàê îíè óêàçàíû â äîêóìåíòàöèè äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà. Ýòè êðèòåðèè âêëþ÷àþò, êàê ìèíèìóì, ñëåäóþùåå:
2. Procedures for requesting proposalsà) íàäëåæàùèå ïðîôåññèîíàëüíûå è òåõíè÷åñêèå êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå äàííûå, ëþäñêèå ðåñóðñû, îáîðóäîâàíèå è äðóãèå ìàòåðèàëüíûå ñðåäñòâà,
Model provision 10. Single-stage and two-stage procedures for requesting proposals (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 18êîòîðûå íåîáõîäèìû äëÿ âûïîëíåíèÿ âñåõ ýòàïîâ ïðîåêòà, âêëþ÷àÿ ïðîåêòíî-êîíñòðóêòîðñêèå, ñòðîèòåëüíûå è ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûå ðàáîòû, à òàêæå ðàáîòû ïî ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîìó îáñëóæèâàíèþ;
(for para. 1) and 19 (for paras. 2 and 3) and chap. III, paras. 51-58)b) äîñòàòî÷íûå âîçìîæíîñòè ïî óïðàâëåíèþ ôèíàíñîâûìè àñïåêòàìè
1. The contracting authority shall provide a set of the request forïðîåêòà è âîçìîæíîñòè ïî óäîâëåòâîðåíèþ åãî ôèíàíñîâûõ ïîòðåáíîñòåé;
proposals and related documents issued in accordance with model provision 11ñ) ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå óïðàâëåí÷åñêèå è îðãàíèçàöèîííûå âîçìîæíîñòè,
to each pre-selected bidder that pays the price, if any, charged for thoseðåïóòàöèÿ è îïûò, âêëþ÷àÿ ïðåäøåñòâóþùèé îïûò ïî ýêñïëóàòàöèè àíàëîãè÷íûõ îáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
documents.11
2. Notwithstanding the above, the contracting authority may use a twostage procedure to request proposals from pre-selected bidders when the contracting authority does not deem it to be feasible to describe in the request forÈíôîðìàöèþ î ïðîöåäóðíûõ äåéñòâèÿõ â ðàìêàõ ïðîöåññà ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííîãî îòáîðà, â òîì ÷èñëå î ïðîöåäóðàõ ðàáîòû ñ çàïðîñàìè ðàçúÿñíåíèé è î òðåáîâàíèÿõ î ðàñêðûòèè èíôîðìàöèè ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ðåøåíèþ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà îòíîñèòåëüíî êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ
proposals the characteristics of the project such as project specifications, performance indicators, financial arrangements or contractual terms in a manneräàííûõ ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, ìîæíî íàéòè â ïóíêòàõ 2–7 ñòàòüè 7 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ.
sufficiently detailed and precise to permit final proposals to be formulated.12
3. Where a two-stage procedure is used, the following provisions apply:Çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâî íåêîòîðûõ ñòðàí ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåò âîçìîæíîñòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ îïðåäåëåííîãî ïðåôåðåíöèàëüíîãî ðåæèìà äëÿ íàöèîíàëüíûõ ïðåäïðèÿòèé èëè æå ñïåöèàëüíîãî ðåæèìà
(a) The initial request for proposals shall call upon the bidders to submit,äëÿ ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, êîòîðûå îáÿçóþòñÿ èñïîëüçîâàòü íàöèîíàëüíûå òîâàðû èëè íàíèìàòü
in the first stage of the procedure, initial proposals relating to project specifications, performance indicators, financing requirements or other characteristicsìåñòíóþ ðàáî÷óþ ñèëó. Ðàçëè÷íûå âîïðîñû, ñâÿçàííûå ñ íàöèîíàëüíûìè ïðåôåðåíöèÿìè, ðàññìàòðèâàþòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ (ñì. ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”,
of the project as well as to the main contractual terms proposed by the contracting authority;ïóíêòû 43 è 44). Â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ âûñêàçûâàåòñÿ ìíåíèå, ÷òî ñòðàíû,
15êîòîðûå ïîæåëàþò îáåñïå÷èòü îïðåäåëåííûå ñòèìóëû äëÿ íàöèîíàëüíûõ ïîñòàâùèêîâ, ìîãóò
(b) The contracting authority may convene meetings and hold discussions with any of the bidders to clarify questions concerning the initial requestïðèìåíÿòü ïîäîáíûå ïðåôåðåíöèè â ôîðìå ñïåöèàëüíûõ êðèòåðèåâ îöåíêè, à íå â ôîðìå ïðÿìîãî
for proposals or the initial proposals and accompanying documents submittedèñêëþ÷åíèÿ èíîñòðàííûõ ïîñòàâùèêîâ.  ëþáîì ñëó÷àå, åñëè ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþòñÿ íàöèîíàëüíûå
by the bidders. The contracting authority shall prepare minutes of any suchïðåôåðåíöèè, òî î íèõ ñëåäóåò îáúÿâëÿòü çàðàíåå, æåëàòåëüíî â ïðèãëàøåíèè ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîì îòáîðå.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 11
meeting or discussion containing the questions raised and the clarificationsÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 8. Ó÷àñòèå êîíñîðöèóìîâ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî
provided by the contracting authority;äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 16 è ãëàâó III,
(c) Following examination of the proposals received, the contractingïóíêòû 41 è 42)
authority may review and, as appropriate, revise the initial request for proposals by deleting or modifying any aspect of the initial project specifications,1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðè ïåðâîì ïðèãëàøåíèè ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð
performance indicators, financing requirements or other characteristics of theê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà ïðåäîñòàâëÿåò èì âîçìîæíîñòü ñîçäàâàòü
project, including the main contractual terms, and any criterion for evaluatingêîíñîðöèóìû äëÿ ó÷àñòèÿ â ïðîöåäóðàõ. Èíôîðìàöèÿ, êîòîðàÿ òðåáóåòñÿ îò
and comparing proposals and for ascertaining the successful bidder, as set forth÷ëåíîâ êîíñîðöèóìîâ, ïðèíèìàþùèõ ó÷àñòèå â ïðîöåäóðàõ, äëÿ äåìîíñòðàöèè
in the initial request for proposals, as well as by adding characteristics orèõ êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ äàííûõ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèåì 7, îòíîñèòñÿ êàê ê êîíñîðöèóìó â öåëîì, òàê è ê åãî îòäåëüíûì ó÷àñòíèêàì.
152. Åñëè èíîå [íå ðàçðåøåíî ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò
In many cases, in particular for new types of project, the contracting authority may not be inñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé îðãàí] è] íå óêàçàíî â äîêóìåíòàöèè äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, êàæäûé ÷ëåí êîíñîðöèóìà ìîæåò îäíîâðåìåííî ó÷àñòâîâàòü, ïðÿìî èëè êîñâåííî, òîëüêî â îäíîì êîíñîðöèóìå
a position, at this stage, to have formulated a detailed draft of the contractual terms envisaged by it.13
Also, the contracting authority may find it preferable to develop such terms only after an initial round. Íàðóøåíèå ýòîãî ïðàâèëà
of consultations with the pre-selected bidders. In any event, however, it is important for the contracting authority, at this stage, to provide some indication of the key contractual terms of the concessionïðèâîäèò ê äèñêâàëèôèêàöèè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî êîíñîðöèóìà è åãî îòäåëüíûõ ÷ëåíîâ.
contract, in particular the way in which the project risks should be allocated between the parties under3. Ïðè ðàññìîòðåíèè êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ äàííûõ êîíñîðöèóìîâ, ó÷àñòâóþùèõ â ïðîöåäóðàõ, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðèíèìàåò âî âíèìàíèå èíäèâèäóàëüíûå âîçìîæíîñòè êàæäîãî ÷ëåíà êîíñîðöèóìà è îïðåäåëÿåò, ÿâëÿþòñÿ
the concession contract. If this allocation of contractual rights and obligations is left entirely openëè ñîâîêóïíûå êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå äàííûå ÷ëåíîâ êîíñîðöèóìà äîñòàòî÷íûìè
until after the issuance of the final request for proposals, the bidders may respond by seeking toäëÿ óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ ïîòðåáíîñòåé âñåõ ýòàïîâ ïðîåêòà.
minimize the risks they accept, which may frustrate the purpose of seeking private investment forÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 9. Ðåøåíèå î ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîì îòáîðå
developing the project (see chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 67-70; see also chap. II,(ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 17 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 2) è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 47–50)
“Project risks and government support”, paras. 8-29).12 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðèíèìàåò ðåøåíèå â îòíîøåíèè êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ äàííûõ êàæäîãî ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð, ïðåäñòàâèâøåãî çàÿâêó íà
criteria to it.ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð.
The contracting authority shall indicate in the record of the selection proceedings to be kept pursuant to model provision 26 the justification forÏðè ïðèíÿòèè ýòîãî ðåøåíèÿ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê
any revision to the request for proposals. Any such deletion, modification orïðèìåíÿåò òîëüêî òå êðèòåðèè, êîòîðûå èçëîæåíû â äîêóìåíòàöèè äëÿ
addition shall be communicated in the invitation to submit final proposals;ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà. Çàòåì âñåì ïðîøåäøèì ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð
(d) In the second stage of the proceedings, the contracting authority shalló÷àñòíèêàì ïðîöåäóð îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íàïðàâëÿåò ïðèãëàøåíèå ïðåäñòàâèòü ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè 10–17.
invite the bidders to submit final proposals with respect to a single set of2. Íåçàâèñèìî îò ïóíêòà 1 îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò, ïðè óñëîâèè
project specifications, performance indicators or contractual terms in accordance with model provisions 11-17.÷òî îíà ñäåëàëà ñ ýòîé öåëüþ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåå çàÿâëåíèå â äîêóìåíòàöèè äëÿ
Model provision 11. Content of the request for proposals (see theïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, ñîõðàíèòü çà ñîáîé ïðàâî çàïðîñèòü, ïîñëå çàâåðøåíèÿ ïðîöåäóð ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, ïðåäëîæåíèÿ òîëüêî ó îãðàíè÷åí13
Legislative Guide, recommendation 20 and chap. III, paras. 59-70)Îáîñíîâàíèå çàïðåòà ó÷àñòèÿ ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð áîëåå ÷åì â îäíîì êîíñîðöèóìå äëÿ
To the extent not already required by [the enacting State indicates theïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèé â îòíîøåíèè îäíîãî è òîãî æå ïðîåêòà çàêëþ÷àåòñÿ â ñòðåìëåíèè
provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the content ofñíèçèòü îïàñíîñòü óòå÷êè èíôîðìàöèè èëè ñãîâîðà ìåæäó êîíêóðèðóþùèìè êîíñîðöèóìàìè.
requests for proposals],Òåì íå ìåíåå â òèïîâîì ïðåäëîæåíèè ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåòñÿ âîçìîæíîñòü ñïåöèàëüíûõ èñêëþ÷åíèé
16èç ýòîãî ïðàâèëà â ñëó÷àå, íàïðèìåð, êîãäà ïîñòàâêà êàêèõ-ëèáî êîíêðåòíûõ òîâàðîâ èëè ïðåäîñòàâëåíèå êàêèõ-ëèáî îñîáûõ óñëóã, íåîáõîäèìûõ äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà, ìîãóò îæèäàòüñÿ
the request for proposals shall include at least theòîëüêî îò îäíîé êîìïàíèè èëè òîëüêî îò îãðàíè÷åííîãî ÷èñëà êîìïàíèé.12 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
following information:íîãî ÷èñëà
(a) General information as may be required by the bidders in order to14
prepare and submit their proposals;ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, êîòîðûå íàèëó÷øèì îáðàçîì óäîâëåòâîðÿþò êðèòåðèÿì ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà. Ñ ýòîé öåëüþ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê
17âûñòàâëÿåò îöåíêè ó÷àñòíèêàì ïðîöåäóð, óäîâëåòâîðÿþùèì êðèòåðèÿì ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà, íà îñíîâå êðèòåðèåâ, ïðèìåíåííûõ äëÿ îöåíêè èõ
(b) Project specifications and performance indicators, as appropriate,êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ äàííûõ, è ñîñòàâëÿåò ñïèñîê ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, êîòîðûå ïî çàâåðøåíèè ïðîöåäóð ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà áóäóò ïðèãëàøåíû
including the contracting authority’s requirements regarding safety andïðåäñòàâèòü ïðåäëîæåíèÿ. Ïðè ñîñòàâëåíèè ýòîãî ñïèñêà îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðèìåíÿåò òîëüêî òó ñèñòåìó îöåíîê, êîòîðàÿ áûëà èçëîæåíà â äîêóìåíòàöèè äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà.
security standards and environmental protection;2. Ïðîöåäóðà çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé
18Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 10. Îäíîýòàïíûå è äâóõýòàïíûå ïðîöåäóðû çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ
(c) The contractual terms proposed by the contracting authority, including an indication of which terms are deemed to be non-negotiable;îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 18 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 1) è
(d) The criteria for evaluating proposals and the thresholds, if any, set by19 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòàì 2 è 3) è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 51–58)
the contracting authority for identifying non-responsive proposals; the relative1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðåäîñòàâëÿåò ïàêåò èç çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé è
weight to be accorded to each evaluation criterion; and the manner in whichñâÿçàííîé ñ íèì äîêóìåíòàöèè, ïîäãîòîâëåííîé â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûì
the criteria and thresholds are to be applied in the evaluation and rejection ofïîëîæåíèåì 11, êàæäîìó ïðîøåäøåìó ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð ó÷àñòíèêó
proposals.ïðîöåäóð, óïëàòèâøåìó ïëàòó, åñëè òàêîâàÿ âçèìàåòñÿ, çà ýòó äîêóìåíòàöèþ.
Model provision 12. Bid securities (see the Legislative Guide,2. Íåçàâèñèìî îò âûøåóêàçàííîãî îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò èñïîëüçîâàòü äâóõýòàïíóþ ïðîöåäóðó äëÿ çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé îò ïðîøåäøèõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, êîãäà îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ñ÷èòàåò
chap. III, para. 62)íåâîçìîæíûì îïèñàòü â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé õàðàêòåðèñòèêè ïðîåêòà, òàêèå
1. The request for proposals shall set forth the requirements with respect to the issuer and the nature, form, amount and other principal terms andêàê ïðîåêòíûå ñïåöèôèêàöèè, ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûå ïîêàçàòåëè, ôèíàíñîâûå ìåõàíèçìû èëè äîãîâîðíûå óñëîâèÿ, íàñòîëüêî ïîäðîáíî è ÷åòêî, ÷òîáû ìîæíî
conditions of the required bid security.áûëî ñôîðìóëèðîâàòü îêîí÷àòåëüíûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ.
163.  ñëó÷àå èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ äâóõýòàïíîé ïðîöåäóðû ïðèìåíÿþòñÿ ñëåäóþùèå ïîëîæåíèÿ:
A list of elements typically contained in a request for proposals for services can be found inà) â ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûé çàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé âêëþ÷àåòñÿ ïðèçûâ ê ó÷àñòíèêàì ïðîöåäóð ïðåäñòàâèòü íà ïåðâîì ýòàïå ïðîöåäóðû ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûå
article 38 of the Model Procurement Law.ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, êàñàþùèåñÿ ïðîåêòíûõ ñïåöèôèêàöèé, ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ ïîêà14
17 íåêîòîðûõ ñòðàíàõ â ïðàêòè÷åñêèõ ðóêîâîäñòâàõ ïî ïðîöåäóðàì îòáîðà íàöèîíàëüíûì
A list of the elements that should be provided can be found in the Legislative Guide,îðãàíèçàöèÿì-çàêàç÷èêàì ðåêîìåíäóåòñÿ îãðàíè÷èâàòü êîëè÷åñòâî ïîòåíöèàëüíûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé äî
chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 61 and 62.ìèíèìàëüíîãî âîçìîæíîãî óðîâíÿ, ïîçâîëÿþùåãî îáåñïå÷èòü äîñòàòî÷íóþ êîíêóðåíöèþ (íàïðèìåð, òðè èëè ÷åòûðå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ).  Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ
18ñïîñîá îáåñïå÷åíèÿ òàêîãî ÷èñëà ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð ïðè ïîìîùè ñèñòåì îöåíîê (â îñîáåííîñòè
See the Legislative Guide, chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 64-66.Part two. Model legislative provisions 13ñèñòåì êîëè÷åñòâåííûõ îöåíîê) (ñì. ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêò 48). Ñëåäóåò îòìåòèòü,
2. A bidder shall not forfeit any bid security that it may have been÷òî ñèñòåìû îöåíîê èñïîëüçóþòñÿ èñêëþ÷èòåëüíî äëÿ öåëè ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà ó÷àñòíèêîâ
required to provide, other than in cases of:ïðîöåäóð. Îöåíêè ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, ïðîøåäøèõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð, íå äîëæíû ó÷èòûâàòüñÿ íà ýòàïå îöåíêè ïðåäëîæåíèé (ñì. òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 15), íà êîòîðîì èñõîäíîå ïîëîæåíèå âñåõ
19ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð, ïðîøåäøèõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð, äîëæíî áûòü ðàâíûì.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 13
(a) Withdrawal or modification of a proposal after the deadline for submission of proposals and, if so stipulated in the request for proposals, beforeçàòåëåé, ôèíàíñîâûõ òðåáîâàíèé èëè äðóãèõ õàðàêòåðèñòèê ïðîåêòà, à òàêæå
that deadline; (b) Failure to enter into final negotiations with the contracting authority pursuant to model provision 17, paragraph 1; (c) Failure to submit its best and final offer within the time limit prescribed by the contracting authority pursuant to model provision 17, paragraph 2; (d) Failure to sign the concession contract, if required by the contractingîñíîâíûõ äîãîâîðíûõ óñëîâèé, ïðåäëîæåííûõ îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì
authority to do so, after the proposal has been accepted;15
(e) Failure to provide required security for the fulfilment of the concession contract after the proposal has been accepted or to comply with any other;
condition prior to signing the concession contract specified in the request forb) îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïðîâîäèòü âñòðå÷è è îáñóæäåíèÿ ñ ëþáûìè ó÷àñòíèêàìè ïðîöåäóð äëÿ ðàçúÿñíåíèÿ âîïðîñîâ, êàñàþùèõñÿ ïåðâîíà÷àëüíîãî çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé èëè ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé è ñîïðîâîæäàþùåé èõ äîêóìåíòàöèè, ïðåäñòàâëåííîé ó÷àñòíèêàìè ïðîöåäóð. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ñîñòàâëÿåò ïðîòîêîë ëþáîé òàêîé âñòðå÷è èëè îáñóæäåíèé ñ
proposals.óêàçàíèåì çàäàííûõ âîïðîñîâ è ðàçúÿñíåíèé, ïðåäîñòàâëåííûõ îðãàíèçàöèåéçàêàç÷èêîì;
Model provision 13. Clarifications and modifications (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 21 and chap. III, paras. 71 and 72)ñ) ïîñëå èçó÷åíèÿ ïîëó÷åííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïðîâåñòè îáçîð è, â ñëó÷àå íåîáõîäèìîñòè, ïåðåñìîòðåòü ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûé çàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé, èñêëþ÷èâ èëè èçìåíèâ ëþáîé àñïåêò ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûõ ïðîåêòíûõ ñïåöèôèêàöèé, ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ ïîêàçàòåëåé, ôèíàíñîâûõ
The contracting authority may, whether on its own initiative or as a resultòðåáîâàíèé èëè äðóãèõ õàðàêòåðèñòèê ïðîåêòà, âêëþ÷àÿ îñíîâíûå äîãîâîðíûå óñëîâèÿ, è ëþáîé êðèòåðèé äëÿ îöåíêè è ñîïîñòàâëåíèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèé è
of a request for clarification by a bidder, review and, as appropriate, revise anyîïðåäåëåíèÿ ïîáåäèâøåãî ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð, êàê îíè èçëîæåíû â ïåðâîíà÷àëüíîì çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé, à òàêæå äîáàâèâ äîïîëíèòåëüíûå õàðàêòåðèñòèêè èëè êðèòåðèè. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê óêàçûâàåò â îò÷åòå î ïðîöåäóðàõ
element of the request for proposals as set forth in model provision 11. Theîòáîðà, êîòîðûé ñîñòàâëÿåòñÿ ñîãëàñíî òèïîâîìó ïîëîæåíèþ 26, îñíîâàíèÿ
contracting authority shall indicate in the record of the selection proceedingsëþáîãî ïåðåñìîòðà çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé. Î ëþáîì òàêîì èñêëþ÷åíèè, èçìåíåíèè èëè äîáàâëåíèè ñîîáùàåòñÿ â ïðèãëàøåíèè ïðåäñòàâèòü îêîí÷àòåëüíûå
to be kept pursuant to model provision 26 the justification for any revision toïðåäëîæåíèÿ;
the request for proposals. Any such deletion, modification or addition shall be communicated to the bidders in the same manner as the request for proposalsd) íà âòîðîì ýòàïå ïðîöåäóð îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðèãëàøàåò ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð ïðåäñòàâèòü îêîí÷àòåëüíûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â îòíîøåíèè åäèíîãî
at a reasonable time prior to the deadline for submission of proposals.ñâîäà ïðîåêòíûõ ñïåöèôèêàöèé, ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ ïîêàçàòåëåé èëè äîãîâîðíûõ óñëîâèé â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè 11–17.
Model provision 14. Evaluation criteria (see the Legislative Guide,Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 11. Ñîäåðæàíèå çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé
recommendations 22 (for para. 1) and 23 (for para. 2) and chap. III,(ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 20 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 59–70)
paras. 73-77)Â òîé ìåðå, â êîòîðîé ýòî óæå íå òðåáóåòñÿ â ñèëó ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå
1. The criteria for the evaluation and comparison of the technical proposalsãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïðîöåäó15
20Âî ìíîãèõ ñëó÷àÿõ, îñîáåííî â ñâÿçè ñ íîâûìè âèäàìè ïðîåêòîâ, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê
shall include at least the following:ìîæåò áûòü íå â ñîñòîÿíèè ñôîðìóëèðîâàòü íà äàííîì ýòàïå ïîäðîáíûé ïðîåêò ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìûõ åþ äîãîâîðíûõ óñëîâèé. Êðîìå òîãî, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ñ÷åñòü ïðåäïî÷òèòåëüíûì
(a) Technical soundness; (b) Compliance with environmental standards;òàêîé ïîðÿäîê, ïðè êîòîðîì ïîäîáíûå óñëîâèÿ áóäóò ðàçðàáàòûâàòüñÿ òîëüêî ïîñëå ïðîâåäåíèÿ
(c) Operational feasibility; (d) Quality of services and measures to ensure their continuity.ïåðâîãî ðàóíäà êîíñóëüòàöèé ñ ïðîøåäøèìè ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð ó÷àñòíèêàìè ïðîöåäóð. Â
19 General provisions on bid securities can be found in art. 32 of the Model Procurement Law. 20 See the Legislative Guide, chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, para. 74.14 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects 2. The criteria for the evaluation and comparison of the financial andëþáîì ñëó÷àå äëÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà áóäåò, îäíàêî, âàæíî ïðåäîñòàâèòü íà äàííîì ýòàïå
commercial proposalsîïðåäåëåííóþ èíôîðìàöèþ ñ óêàçàíèåì êëþ÷åâûõ óñëîâèé êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, â ÷àñòíîñòè
21ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìîãî ïî ýòîìó äîãîâîðó ñïîñîáà ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ ñâÿçàííûõ ñ ïðîåêòîì ðèñêîâ
shall include, as appropriate: (a) The present value of the proposed tolls, unit prices and other charges over the concession period; (b) The present value of the proposed direct payments by the contractingìåæäó ñòîðîíàìè. Åñëè âîïðîñ î òàêîì ðàñïðåäåëåíèè äîãîâîðíûõ ïðàâ è îáÿçàòåëüñòâ áóäåò
authority, if any;îñòàâëåí ïîëíîñòüþ îòêðûòûì äî ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ îêîí÷àòåëüíîãî çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé, òî ïîÿâëÿåòñÿ îïàñíîñòü òîãî, ÷òî ó÷àñòíèêè ïðîöåäóð áóäóò ñòðåìèòüñÿ ê ìèíèìèçàöèè ïðèíèìàåìûõ íà
(c) The costs for design and construction activities, annual operation andñåáÿ ðèñêîâ, ÷òî ìîæåò âîñïðåïÿòñòâîâàòü äîñòèæåíèþ öåëè ïðèâëå÷åíèÿ ÷àñòíûõ èíâåñòèöèé ê
maintenance costs, present value of capital costs and operating and maintenance costs;ðàçðàáîòêå ïðîåêòà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 67–70, à òàêæå ãëàâó II “Ðèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè, è ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà”, ïóíêòû 8–29).14 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
(d) The extent of financial support, if any, expected from a publicðàõ çàêóïîê, ðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû ñîäåðæàíèÿ çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé]
authority of [the enacting State];16
(e) The soundness of the proposed financial arrangements;,
(f) The extent of acceptance of the negotiable contractual termsâ îêîí÷àòåëüíûé çàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé âêëþ÷àåòñÿ, êàê ìèíèìóì, ñëåäóþùàÿ
proposed by the contracting authority in the request for proposals;èíôîðìàöèÿ:
(g) The social and economic development potential offered by theà) îáùàÿ èíôîðìàöèÿ, êîòîðàÿ ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòüñÿ ó÷àñòíèêàì ïðîöåäóð äëÿ ïîäãîòîâêè è ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ èõ ïðåäëîæåíèé
proposals.17
Model provision 15. Comparison and evaluation of proposals;
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 24 and chap. III,b) ïðîåêòíûå ñïåöèôèêàöèè è ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûå ïîêàçàòåëè, åñëè ýòî
paras. 78-82)óìåñòíî, âêëþ÷àÿ òðåáîâàíèÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà â îòíîøåíèè ñòàíäàðòîâ
1. The contracting authority shall compare and evaluate each proposalîõðàíû òðóäà è áåçîïàñíîñòè, à òàêæå çàùèòû îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû
in accordance with the evaluation criteria, the relative weight accorded to each18
such criterion and the evaluation process set forth in the request for proposals.;
2. For the purposes of paragraph 1, the contracting authority may establish thresholds with respect to quality, technical, financial and commercialñ) ïðåäëàãàåìûå îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì äîãîâîðíûå óñëîâèÿ, âêëþ÷àÿ óêàçàíèå íà òî, êàêèå óñëîâèÿ íå ìîãóò ñ÷èòàòüñÿ ïðåäìåòîì ïåðåãîâîðîâ;
aspects. Proposals that fail to achieve the thresholds shall be regarded as nonresponsive and rejected from the selection procedure.d) êðèòåðèè îöåíêè ïðåäëîæåíèé è ìèíèìàëüíûå ïîêàçàòåëè, åñëè òàêîâûå èìåþòñÿ, óñòàíîâëåííûå îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèé, íå îòâå÷àþùèõ ôîðìàëüíûì òðåáîâàíèÿì; îòíîñèòåëüíîå çíà÷åíèå,
22 Model provision 16. Further demonstration of fulfilment of qualification criteria (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 25 andïðèäàâàåìîå êàæäîìó èç êðèòåðèåâ îöåíêè; è ïîðÿäîê ïðèìåíåíèÿ ýòèõ êðèòåðèåâ è ìèíèìàëüíûõ ïîêàçàòåëåé ïðè îöåíêå è îòêëîíåíèè ïðåäëîæåíèé.
chap. III, paras. 78-82)Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 12. Òåíäåðíîå îáåñïå÷åíèå (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III, ïóíêò 62)
The contracting authority may require any bidder that has been preselected to demonstrate again its qualifications in accordance with the same1.  çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé óñòàíàâëèâàþòñÿ òðåáîâàíèÿ â îòíîøåíèè ýìèòåíòà, à òàêæå õàðàêòåðà, ôîðìû, ñóììû è äðóãèõ îñíîâíûõ óñëîâèé òðåáóåìîãî òåíäåðíîãî îáåñïå÷åíèÿ.
212. Ó÷àñòíèê ïðîöåäóð íå óòðà÷èâàåò ïðàâà íà ëþáîå òåíäåðíîå îáåñïå÷åíèå, êîòîðîå îò íåãî ìîæåò òðåáîâàòüñÿ ïðåäîñòàâèòü, çà èñêëþ÷åíèåì
See the Legislative Guide, chapter III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 75-77.ñëåäóþùèõ ñëó÷àåâ
2219
This model provision offers an example of an evaluation process that a contracting authority:
may wish to apply to compare and evaluate proposals for privately financed infrastructure projects.à) îòçûâ èëè èçìåíåíèå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ ïî èñòå÷åíèè îêîí÷àòåëüíîãî
Alternative evaluation processes such as a two-step evaluation process or the two-envelope system areñðîêà ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèé èëè, åñëè ýòî îãîâîðåíî â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé, äî èñòå÷åíèÿ ýòîãî ñðîêà;
described in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 79-82. Inb) íåñïîñîáíîñòü âñòóïèòü â çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûå ïåðåãîâîðû ñ îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 1 òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 17;
contrast to the process set forth in this model provision, the processes described in the Legislativeñ) íåñïîñîáíîñòü ïðåäñòàâèòü íàèëó÷øóþ è îêîí÷àòåëüíóþ îôåðòó â òå÷åíèå ñðîêà, óñòàíîâëåííîãî îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 2
Guide are designed to allow the contracting authority to compare and evaluate the non-financialòèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 17;
criteria separately from the financial criteria so as to avoid situations where undue weight would be16 Ïåðå÷åíü ýëåìåíòîâ, îáû÷íî âêëþ÷àåìûõ â çàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê óñëóãàì, ìîæíî íàéòè â ñòàòüå 38 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ.
given to certain elements of the financial criteria (such as the unit price) to the detriment of the nonfinancial criteria. In order to ensure the integrity, transparency and predictability of the evaluation17
stage of the selection proceedings, it is recommended that the enacting State set forth in its law theÏåðå÷åíü ýëåìåíòîâ, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü âêëþ÷åíû, ìîæíî íàéòè â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ
evaluation processes that contracting authorities may use to compare and evaluate proposals and theçàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâà III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 61 è 62.
details of the application of this process.Part two. Model legislative provisions 1518
criteria used for pre-selection.Ñì.
The contracting authority shall disqualify anyÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”,
bidder that fails to demonstrate again its qualifications if requested to do so.ïóíêòû 64–66.
2319
Model provision 17. Final negotiations (see the Legislative Guide,Îáùèå ïîëîæåíèÿ î òåíäåðíîì îáåñïå÷åíèè ìîæíî íàéòè â ñòàòüå 32 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î
recommendations 26 (for para. 1) and 27 (for para. 2) and chap. III,çàêóïêàõ.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 15
paras. 83 and 84)d) íåñïîñîáíîñòü ïîäïèñàòü êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð ïîñëå ïðèíÿòèÿ
1. The contracting authority shall rank all responsive proposals on theïðåäëîæåíèÿ, åñëè ýòîãî òðåáóåò îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê;
basis of the evaluation criteria and invite for final negotiation of the concessionå) íåñïîñîáíîñòü ïðåäîñòàâèòü òðåáóåìîå îáåñïå÷åíèå èñïîëíåíèÿ
contract the bidder that has attained the best rating. Final negotiations shall notêîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ïîñëå ïðèíÿòèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèÿ èëè âûïîëíèòü ëþáîå
concern those contractual terms, if any, that were stated as non-negotiable inäðóãîå óêàçàííîå â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé óñëîâèå äî ïîäïèñàíèÿ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà.
the final request for proposals.Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 13. Ðàçúÿñíåíèÿ è èçìåíåíèÿ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 21 è
2. If it becomes apparent to the contracting authority that the negotiations with the bidder invited will not result in a concession contract, theãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 71 è 72)
contracting authority shall inform the bidder of its intention to terminate theÎðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò – ëèáî ïî ñâîåé ñîáñòâåííîé èíèöèàòèâå,
negotiations and give the bidder reasonable time to formulate its best and finalëèáî â ðåçóëüòàòå çàïðîñà ðàçúÿñíåíèé êàêèì-ëèáî ó÷àñòíèêîì ïðîöåäóð –
offer. If the contracting authority does not find that proposal acceptable, it shallïðîâåñòè îáçîð ëþáîãî ýëåìåíòà îêîí÷àòåëüíîãî çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé, êàê
terminate the negotiations with the bidder concerned. The contracting authorityýòî ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåòñÿ â òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè 11, è, â ñëó÷àå íåîáõîäèìîñòè, ïåðåñìîòðåòü åãî. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê óêàçûâàåò â îò÷åòå î ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà, êîòîðûé ñîñòàâëÿåòñÿ ñîãëàñíî òèïîâîìó ïîëîæåíèþ 26, îñíîâàíèÿ
shall then invite for negotiations the other bidders in the order of their rankingëþáîãî ïåðåñìîòðà çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé. Î ëþáîì òàêîì èñêëþ÷åíèè, èçìåíåíèè èëè äîáàâëåíèè ñîîáùàåòñÿ ó÷àñòíèêàì ïðîöåäóð òàêèì æå îáðàçîì,
until it arrives at a concession contract or rejects all remaining proposals. The÷òî è â ñëó÷àå çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé, â ðàçóìíûé ñðîê äî èñòå÷åíèÿ îêîí÷àòåëüíîãî ñðîêà ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèé.
contracting authority shall not resume negotiations with a bidder with whichÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 14. Êðèòåðèè îöåíêè (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 22 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê
negotiations have been terminated pursuant to this paragraph.ïóíêòó 1) è 23 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 2) è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 73–77)
3. Negotiation of concession contracts without1. Êðèòåðèè îöåíêè è ñîïîñòàâëåíèÿ òåõíè÷åñêèõ ïðåäëîæåíèé
competitive procedures20
Model provision 18. Circumstances authorizing award without competitive procedures (see recommendation 28 and chap. III, para. 89)âêëþ÷àþò, êàê ìèíèìóì, ñëåäóþùåå:
Subject to approval by [the enacting State indicates the relevant authority],à) òåõíè÷åñêàÿ îáîñíîâàííîñòü;
24b) ñîáëþäåíèå ýêîëîãè÷åñêèõ ñòàíäàðòîâ;
the contracting authority is authorized to negotiate a concession contractc) îïåðàòèâíàÿ îñóùåñòâèìîñòü;
without using the procedure set forth in model provisions 6 to 17 in the following cases:d) êà÷åñòâî óñëóã è ìåðû ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ íåïðåðûâíîñòè èõ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ.
232. Êðèòåðèè îöåíêè è ñîïîñòàâëåíèÿ ôèíàíñîâûõ è êîììåð÷åñêèõ
Where pre-qualification proceedings have been engaged in, the criteria shall be the same asïðåäëîæåíèé
those used in the pre-qualification proceedings.21
24âêëþ÷àþò, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, ñëåäóþùåå:
The rationale for subjecting the award of the concession contract without competitive procedures to the approval of a higher authority is to ensure that the contracting authority engages inà) òåêóùàÿ ñòîèìîñòü ïðåäëàãàåìûõ âèäîâ âîçíàãðàæäåíèÿ, óäåëüíûõ
direct negotiations with bidders only in the appropriate circumstances (see the Legislative Guide,öåí è èíûõ ñáîðîâ â òå÷åíèå ñðîêà êîíöåññèè;
chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 85-96). The model provision therefore suggests that20
the enacting State indicate a relevant authority that is competent to authorize negotiations in all casesÑì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêò 74.
set forth in the model provision. The enacting State may provide, however, for different approval21
requirements for each subparagraph of the model provision.Ñì.
In some cases, for instance, the enactingÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”,
State may provide that the authority to engage in such negotiations derives directly from the law. Inïóíêòû 75–77.16 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
other cases, the enacting State may make the negotiations subject to the approval of different higherb) òåêóùàÿ ñòîèìîñòü ïðåäëàãàåìûõ ïðÿìûõ ïëàòåæåé ñî ñòîðîíû
authorities, depending on the nature of the services to be provided or the infrastructure sector concerned. In those cases, the enacting State may need to adapt the model provision to these approvalîðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà, åñëè òàêîâûå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþòñÿ;
requirements by adding the particular approval requirement to the subparagraph concerned, or byñ) çàòðàòû íà ïðîåêòíî-êîíñòðóêòîðñêèå è ñòðîèòåëüíûå ðàáîòû, åæåãîäíûå çàòðàòû íà ýêñïëóàòàöèþ è ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîå îáñëóæèâàíèå,
adding a reference to provisions of its law where these approval requirements are set forth.16 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsòåêóùàÿ ñòîèìîñòü êàïèòàëüíûõ çàòðàò è çàòðàò íà ýêñïëóàòàöèþ è ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîå îáñëóæèâàíèå;
(a) When there is an urgent need for ensuring continuity in the provisiond) îáúåì ôèíàíñîâîé ïîääåðæêè, åñëè òàêîâàÿ îæèäàåòñÿ îò êàêèõëèáî ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ [ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà];
of the service and engaging in the procedures set forth in model provisions 6å) îáîñíîâàííîñòü ïðåäëàãàåìûõ ôèíàíñîâûõ ìåõàíèçìîâ;
to 17 would be impractical, provided that the circumstances giving rise to thef) ñòåïåíü ñîãëàñèÿ ñ ïðåäëîæåííûìè îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé äîãîâîðíûìè óñëîâèÿìè, êîòîðûå ìîãóò ÿâëÿòüñÿ ïðåäìåòîì ïåðåãîâîðîâ;
urgency were neither foreseeable by the contracting authority nor the result ofg) îòêðûâàåìûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿìè ïîòåíöèàëüíûå âîçìîæíîñòè ñ òî÷êè
dilatory conduct on its part;çðåíèÿ ñîöèàëüíî-ýêîíîìè÷åñêîãî ðàçâèòèÿ.
(b) Where the project is of short duration and the anticipated initialÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 15. Ñîïîñòàâëåíèå è îöåíêà ïðåäëîæåíèé
investment value does not exceed the amount [of [the enacting State specifies a(ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 24 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 78–82)
monetary ceiling]] [set forth in [the enacting State indicates the provisions of its1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðîâîäèò ñîïîñòàâëåíèå è îöåíêó êàæäîãî
laws that specify the monetary threshold below which a privately financedïðåäëîæåíèÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ êðèòåðèÿìè îöåíêè, îòíîñèòåëüíûì çíà÷åíèåì, ïðèäàâàåìûì êàæäîìó èç ýòèõ êðèòåðèåâ, è ïîðÿäêîì îöåíêè, èçëîæåííûì â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé.
infrastructure project may be awarded without competitive procedures]]; 252. Äëÿ öåëåé ïóíêòà 1 îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò óñòàíàâëèâàòü ìèíèìàëüíûå óðîâíè òðåáîâàíèé â îòíîøåíèè êà÷åñòâåííûõ, òåõíè÷åñêèõ, ôèíàíñîâûõ è êîììåð÷åñêèõ àñïåêòîâ. Ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, íå äîñòèãøèå ìèíèìàëüíûõ
(c) Where the project involves national defence or national security;óðîâíåé, ðàññìàòðèâàþòñÿ â êà÷åñòâå íå îòâå÷àþùèõ ôîðìàëüíûì òðåáîâàíèÿì è èñêëþ÷àþòñÿ èç ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà
(d) Where there is only one source capable of providing the required22
service, such as when the provision of the service requires the use of intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights owned or possessed by a.
certain person or persons;22
(e) In cases of unsolicited proposals falling under model provision 23; ýòîì òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè ïðåäëàãàåòñÿ ïðèìåð ïðîöåññà îöåíêè, êîòîðûé îðãàíèçàöèÿçàêàç÷èê, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò ïðèìåíèòü ñ öåëüþ ñîïîñòàâëåíèÿ è îöåíêè ïðåäëîæåíèé ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ. Àëüòåðíàòèâíûå ïðîöåäóðû îöåíêè îïèñûâàþòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâà III “Âûáîð
(f) When an invitation to the pre-selection proceedings or a request forêîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 79–82; ðå÷ü èäåò, íàïðèìåð, î äâóõýòàïíûõ ïðîöåäóðàõ îöåíêè èëè î
proposals has been issued but no applications or proposals were submitted orñèñòåìå äâóõ êîíâåðòîâ.  îòëè÷èå îò ïðîöåññà, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìîãî â äàííîì òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè, ïðîöåäóðû, îïèñàííûå â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, íàïðàâëåíû íà òî,
all proposals failed to meet the evaluation criteria set forth in the request for÷òîáû ïðåäîñòàâèòü îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó âîçìîæíîñòü ïðîâîäèòü ñîïîñòàâëåíèå è îöåíêó íåôèíàíñîâûõ êðèòåðèåâ îòäåëüíî îò ôèíàíñîâûõ êðèòåðèåâ, ñ òåì ÷òîáû èçáåæàòü ñèòóàöèé, êîãäà
proposals and if, in the judgement of the contracting authority, issuing a newîïðåäåëåííûì ýëåìåíòàì ôèíàíñîâûõ êðèòåðèåâ (íàïðèìåð, öåíå íà åäèíèöó ïðîäóêöèè) ïðèäàåòñÿ ÷ðåçìåðíîå çíà÷åíèå â óùåðá íåôèíàíñîâûì êðèòåðèÿì. Ñ òåì ÷òîáû îáåñïå÷èòü áåñïðèñòðàñòíîñòü, ïðîçðà÷íîñòü è ïðåäñêàçóåìîñòü îòíîñèòåëüíî ýòàïà îöåíêè â ðàìêàõ ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà, ïðèíèìàþùåìó ãîñóäàðñòâó ðåêîìåíäóåòñÿ èçëîæèòü â ñâîåì çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå òå ïðîöåäóðû
invitation to the pre-selection proceedings and a new request for proposalsîöåíêè, êîòîðûå îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò èñïîëüçîâàòü äëÿ ñîïîñòàâëåíèÿ è îöåíêè ïðåäëîæåíèé, è ïîäðîáíî ðåãëàìåíòèðîâàòü ïðèìåíåíèå òàêèõ ïðîöåäóð.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 17
would be unlikely to result in a project award within a required time frame;Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 16. Íîâàÿ äåìîíñòðàöèÿ âûïîëíåíèÿ êâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ êðèòåðèåâ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 25 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 78–82)
26Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòü îò ëþáîãî ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð, ïðîøåäøåãî ïðåäâàðèòåëüíûé îòáîð, âíîâü ïðîäåìîíñòðèðîâàòü åãî
(g) In other cases where the [the enacting State indicates the relevantêâàëèôèêàöèîííûå äàííûå â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òåìè æå êðèòåðèÿìè, êîòîðûå
authority] authorizes such an exception for compelling reasons of publicèñïîëüçîâàëèñü ïðè åãî ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîì îòáîðå. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê äèñêâàëèôèöèðóåò ëþáîãî ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð, êîòîðûé íå ñìîæåò âíîâü ïðîäåìîíñòðèðîâàòü ñâîè êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå äàííûå ïðè ïîëó÷åíèè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî çàïðîñà
interest.23
27.
Model provision 19. Procedures for negotiation of a concession contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 29 and chap. III,Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 17. Çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûå ïåðåãîâîðû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 26 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 1) è 27 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 2) è
para. 90)ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 83 è 84)
Where a concession contract is negotiated without using the procedures1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íà îñíîâå êðèòåðèåâ îöåíêè ðàññòàâëÿåò âñå
set forth in model provisions 6-17 the contracting authority shall:îòâå÷àþùèå ôîðìàëüíûì òðåáîâàíèÿì ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â ïîðÿäêå ïîëó÷åííûõ
28èìè îöåíîê è ïðèãëàøàåò ê ó÷àñòèþ â çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûõ ïåðåãîâîðàõ ïî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð, ïîëó÷èâøåãî íàèáîëåå âûñîêóþ
(a) Except for concession contracts negotiated pursuant to model provision 18, subparagraph (c), cause a notice of its intention to commenceîöåíêó. Íà çàêëþ÷èòåëüíûõ ïåðåãîâîðàõ íå ìîãóò ðàññìàòðèâàòüñÿ òå óñëîâèÿ äîãîâîðà, êîòîðûå áûëè îïðåäåëåíû â îêîí÷àòåëüíîì çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé â êà÷åñòâå íå ïîäëåæàùèõ îáñóæäåíèþ, åñëè òàêîâûå èìåþòñÿ.
252. Åñëè îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó ñòàíîâèòñÿ î÷åâèäíî, ÷òî ïåðåãîâîðû ñ
As an alternative to the exclusion provided for in subparagraph (b), the enacting State mayïðèãëàøåííûì ó÷àñòíèêîì ïðîöåäóð íå ïðèâåäóò ê çàêëþ÷åíèþ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê èíôîðìèðóåò ýòîãî ó÷àñòíèêà ïðîöåäóð
consider devising a simplified procedure for request for proposals for projects falling thereunder, forî ñâîåì íàìåðåíèè ïðåêðàòèòü ïåðåãîâîðû è ïðåäîñòàâëÿåò åìó ðàçóìíûé
instance by applying the procedures described in art. 48 of the Model Procurement Law.ñðîê äëÿ ïîäãîòîâêè åãî íàèëó÷øåé è îêîí÷àòåëüíîé îôåðòû. Åñëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íå ñî÷òåò ýòî ïðåäëîæåíèå ïðèåìëåìûì, îíà ïðåêðàùàåò ïåðåãîâîðû ñ òàêèì ó÷àñòíèêîì ïðîöåäóð. Çàòåì îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðèãëàøàåò ê ïåðåãîâîðàì äðóãèõ ó÷àñòíèêîâ ïðîöåäóð íà îñíîâå ïîëó÷åííûõ èìè
26îöåíîê äî òîãî ìîìåíòà, ïîêà îíà íå çàêëþ÷èò êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà èëè
The enacting State may wish to require that the contracting authority include in the record toíå îòêëîíèò âñå îñòàâøèåñÿ ïðåäëîæåíèÿ. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íå âîçîáíîâëÿåò ïåðåãîâîðîâ ñ êàêèì-ëèáî ó÷àñòíèêîì ïðîöåäóð, ïåðåãîâîðû ñ êîòîðûì áûëè ïðåêðàùåíû íà îñíîâàíèè íàñòîÿùåãî ïóíêòà.
be kept pursuant to model provision 26 a summary of the results of the negotiations and indicate the23  ñëó÷àÿõ, êîãäà ïðîâîäèëèñü ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííûå ïðîöåäóðû, äîëæíû ïðèìåíÿòüñÿ òå
extent to which those results differed from the project specifications and contractual terms of theæå êðèòåðèè, ÷òî è êðèòåðèè, èñïîëüçîâàâøèåñÿ ïðè ïðåäêâàëèôèêàöèîííûõ ïðîöåäóðàõ.18 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
original request for proposals, and that it state the reasons therefor.3. Çàêëþ÷åíèå êîíöåññèîííûõ äîãîâîðîâ áåç ïðîâåäåíèÿ
27êîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð
Enacting States that deem it desirable to authorize the use of negotiated procedures on an adÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 18. Îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà, äîïóñêàþùèå âûäà÷ó
hoc basis may wish to retain subparagraph (g) when implementing the model provision.ïîäðÿäà áåç ïðîâåäåíèÿ êîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð (ñì.
EnactingÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 28 è
States wishing to limit exceptions to the competitive selection procedures may prefer not to includeãëàâó III, ïóíêò 89)
the subparagraph. In any event, for purposes of transparency, the enacting State may wish to indicateÏðè óñëîâèè óòâåðæäåíèÿ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò
here or elsewhere in the model provision other exceptions, if any, authorizing the use of negotiatedñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé îðãàí]
procedures that may be provided for under specific legislation.24
28îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê óïîëíîìî÷èâàåòñÿ ïðîâîäèòü ïåðåãîâîðû ïî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó áåç èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ ïðîöåäóð,
A number of elements to enhance transparency in negotiations under this model provision areèçëîæåííûõ â òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ 6–17, â ñëåäóþùèõ ñëó÷àÿõ:
discussed in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 90-96.Part two. Model legislative provisions 17à) êîãäà ñóùåñòâóåò ñðî÷íàÿ íåîáõîäèìîñòü â îáåñïå÷åíèè íåïðåðûâíîñòè ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé óñëóãè è ïðîâåäåíèå ïðîöåäóð, èçëîæåííûõ â òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ 6–17, áûëî áû ïðàêòè÷åñêè íåöåëåñîîáðàçíûì, ïðè óñëîâèè ÷òî îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà, îáóñëîâèâøèå ñðî÷íîñòü, íåëüçÿ áûëî
negotiations in respect of a concession contract to be published in accordanceïðåäâèäåòü èëè îíè íå ÿâëÿëèñü ðåçóëüòàòîì ìåäëèòåëüíîñòè ñî ñòîðîíû
with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of any relevant laws on procurement proceedings that govern the publication of notices];îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà;
(b) Engage in negotiations with as many persons as the contracting authority judges capableb) êîãäà ðå÷ü èäåò î êðàòêîñðî÷íûõ ïðîåêòàõ è îáúåì ïðåäïîëàãàåìûõ
29ïåðâîíà÷àëüíûõ èíâåñòèöèé íå ïðåâûøàåò ñóììû [â ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî îãîâàðèâàåò äåíåæíûé ïðåäåë]] [óñòàíîâëåííîé â ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, â êîòîðûõ îãîâàðèâàåòñÿ äåíåæíûé ïðåäåë, äî äîñòèæåíèÿ êîòîðîãî ïîäðÿäû
of carrying out the project as circumstances permit;íà ïðîåêòû â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûå èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, ìîãóò âûäàâàòüñÿ áåç ïðîâåäåíèÿ êîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð]]
(c) Establish evaluation criteria against which proposals shall be evaluated and ranked.25
4. Unsolicited proposals;
30ñ) êîãäà ïðîåêò ñâÿçàí ñ íàöèîíàëüíîé îáîðîíîé èëè íàöèîíàëüíîé áåçîïàñíîñòüþ;
Model provision 20. Admissibility of unsolicited proposals (see the24 Ïðè÷èíà îáóñëîâëèâàíèÿ ïðèíÿòèÿ ðåøåíèÿ î çàêëþ÷åíèè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà áåç
Legislative Guide, recommendation 30 and chap. III, paras. 97-109)ïðîâåäåíèÿ êîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð óòâåðæäåíèåì âûøåñòîÿùåãî îðãàíà çàêëþ÷àåòñÿ â íåîáõîäèìîñòè îáåñïå÷åíèÿ òîãî, ÷òîáû îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðîâîäèëà ïðÿìûå ïåðåãîâîðû ñ ó÷àñòíèêàìè ïðîöåäóð òîëüêî â íàäëåæàùèõ îáñòîÿòåëüñòâàõ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 85–96).  ñèëó ýòîãî â äàííîì òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè
As an exception to model provisions 6 to 17, the contracting authorityïðèíèìàþùåìó ãîñóäàðñòâó ïðåäëàãàåòñÿ óêàçàòü ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé îðãàí, êîìïåòåíòíûé ðàçðåøàòü ïðîâåäåíèå ïåðåãîâîðîâ âî âñåõ ñëó÷àÿõ, îãîâîðåííûõ â òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè.  òî æå âðåìÿ
31ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî ìîæåò ïðåäóñìîòðåòü ðàçëè÷íûå òðåáîâàíèÿ ê óòâåðæäåíèþ äëÿ êàæäîãî èç ïîäïóíêòîâ äàííîãî òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ.  íåêîòîðûõ ñëó÷àÿõ ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî
is authorized to consider unsolicited proposals pursuant to the procedures set forth in model provisions 21 to 23, provided that such proposals do not relate to a project for which selection procedures have been initiated or announced.ìîæåò, íàïðèìåð, ïðåäóñìîòðåòü, ÷òî ïîëíîìî÷èÿ íà ïðîâåäåíèå òàêèõ ïåðåãîâîðîâ íåïîñðåäñòâåííî âûòåêàþò èç çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà.  äðóãèõ ñëó÷àÿõ ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî ìîæåò îáóñëîâèòü ïðîâåäåíèå ïåðåãîâîðîâ óòâåðæäåíèåì ðàçëè÷íûõ âûøåñòîÿùèõ îðãàíîâ â çàâèñèìîñòè îò
Model provision 21. Procedures for determining the admissibility of unsolicited proposals (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 31 (for paras. 1 and 2) and 32 (for para. 3) and chap. III, paras. 110-112)õàðàêòåðà óñëóã, êîòîðûå ïðåäïîëàãàåòñÿ ïðåäîñòàâëÿòü, èëè îò ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî ñåêòîðà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.  ïîäîáíûõ ñëó÷àÿõ ïðèíèìàþùåìó ãîñóäàðñòâó, âîçìîæíî, ïîòðåáóåòñÿ àäàïòèðîâàòü
1. Following receipt and preliminary examination of an unsolicited proposal, the contracting authority shall promptly inform the proponent whether oròåêñò òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ ê ýòèì òðåáîâàíèÿì óòâåðæäåíèÿ ïóòåì äîáàâëåíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî
not the project is considered to be potentially in the public interest.òðåáîâàíèÿ óòâåðæäåíèÿ â íàäëåæàùèé ïîäïóíêò èëè ïóòåì äîáàâëåíèÿ ññûëêè íà ïîëîæåíèÿ
32çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, â êîòîðûõ ïîäîáíûå òðåáîâàíèÿ óñòàíàâëèâàþòñÿ.
2925
Enacting States wishing to enhance transparency in the use of negotiated procedures may establish, by specific regulations, qualification criteria to be met by persons invited to negotiations êà÷åñòâå àëüòåðíàòèâû èñêëþ÷åíèþ, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìîìó â ïîäïóíêòå b), ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî ìîæåò ðàññìîòðåòü âîïðîñ î ðàçðàáîòêå óïðîùåííîé ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ çàïðîñà
pursuant to model provisions 18 and 19. An indication of possible qualification criteria is containedïðåäëîæåíèé â ñâÿçè ñ ïðîåêòàìè, íå äîñòèãàþùèìè óñòàíîâëåííîãî ïðåäåëà, íàïðèìåð ïóòåì
in model provision 7.ïðèìåíåíèÿ ïðîöåäóð, îïèñàííûõ â ñòàòüå 48 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 19
30d) êîãäà òðåáóåìàÿ óñëóãà ìîæåò áûòü ïîëó÷åíà òîëüêî èç îäíîãî èñòî÷íèêà, íàïðèìåð, êîãäà äëÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóãè òðåáóåòñÿ èñïîëüçîâàíèå
The policy considerations on the advantages and disadvantages of unsolicited proposals areïðàâ èíòåëëåêòóàëüíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè, êîììåð÷åñêîé òàéíû èëè äðóãèõ èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûõ ïðàâ, êîòîðûå ïðèíàäëåæàò îïðåäåëåííîìó ëèöó èëè ëèöàì èëè
discussed in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 98-100. Statesêîòîðûìè îáëàäàåò òàêîå ëèöî èëè ëèöà; å) â ñëó÷àå ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ íåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé, êîòîðûå ïîäïàäàþò ïîä äåéñòâèå òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 23;
that wish to allow contracting authorities to handle such proposals may wish to use the procedures setf) êîãäà áûëî îïóáëèêîâàíî ïðèãëàøåíèå ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà èëè áûë îïóáëèêîâàí çàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé, îäíàêî
forth in model provisions 21-23.çàÿâîê èëè ïðåäëîæåíèé ïðåäñòàâëåíî íå áûëî èëè âñå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ íå óäîâëåòâîðÿþò êðèòåðèÿì îöåíêè, èçëîæåííûì â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé, è êîãäà, ïî
31ìíåíèþ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà, îïóáëèêîâàíèå íîâîãî ïðèãëàøåíèÿ ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà èëè íîâîãî çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé âðÿä
The model provision assumes that the power to entertain unsolicited proposals lies with theëè ïðèâåäåò ê âûäà÷å ïîäðÿäà íà ïðîåêò â òå÷åíèå òðåáóåìîãî ñðîêà
contracting authority. However, depending on the regulatory system of the enacting State, a body26
separate from the contracting authority may have the responsibility for entertaining unsolicited proposals or for considering, for instance, whether an unsolicited proposal is in the public interest. In such;
a case, the manner in which the functions of such a body may need to be coordinated with those ofg) äðóãèå ñëó÷àè, êîãäà ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé îðãàí] ðàçðåøàåò ïðèáåãíóòü ê òàêîìó èñêëþ÷åíèþ ïî íàñòîÿòåëüíûì ïðè÷èíàì, ñâÿçàííûì ñ ïóáëè÷íûìè èíòåðåñàìè 27 . Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 19. Ïðîöåäóðû ïåðåãîâîðîâ ïî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,
the contracting authority should be carefully considered by the enacting State (see footnotes 1, 3 andðåêîìåíäàöèþ 29 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêò 90)
24 and the references cited therein). òåõ ñëó÷àÿõ, êîãäà ïåðåãîâîðû ïî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó âåäóòñÿ
32áåç èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ ïðîöåäóð, èçëîæåííûõ â òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ 6–17, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê
The determination that a proposed project is in the public interest entails a considered judgement regarding the potential benefits to the public that are offered by the project, as well as its28
relationship to the Government’s policy for the infrastructure sector concerned. In order to ensure the:
integrity, transparency and predictability of the procedures for determining the admissibility of unsolicited proposals, it may be advisable for the enacting State to provide guidance, in regulations or otherà) çà èñêëþ÷åíèåì êîíöåññèîííûõ äîãîâîðîâ, çàêëþ÷àåìûõ ñîãëàñíî
documents, concerning the criteria that will be used to determine whether an unsolicited proposal isïóíêòó ñ) òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 18, – îáåñïå÷èâàåò ïóáëèêàöèþ óâåäîìëåíèÿ î
in the public interest, which may include criteria for assessing the appropriateness of the contractualñâîåì íàìåðåíèè íà÷àòü ïåðåãîâîðû â îòíîøåíèè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà â
arrangements and the reasonableness of the proposed allocation of project risks.18 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ëþáûå ñîîòâåò26
2. If the project is considered to be potentially in the public interestÏðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò, óñòàíîâèòü òðåáîâàíèå î òîì, ÷òîáû
under paragraph 1, the contracting authority shall invite the proponent toîðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê âêëþ÷àëà â îò÷åò, êîòîðûé äîëæåí áûòü ïîäãîòîâëåí ñîãëàñíî òèïîâîìó
submit as much information on the proposed project as is feasible at this stageïîëîæåíèþ 26, êðàòêîå èçëîæåíèå ðåçóëüòàòîâ ïåðåãîâîðîâ è óêàçàíèå íà òó ñòåïåíü, â êîòîðîé ýòè
to allow the contracting authority to make a proper evaluation of the proponent’s qualificationsðåçóëüòàòû îòëè÷àþòñÿ îò ïðîåêòíûõ ñïåöèôèêàöèé è äîãîâîðíûõ óñëîâèé, èçëîæåííûõ â ïåðâîíà÷àëüíîì çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé, è íà ïðè÷èíû ýòîãî.
3327
and the technical and economic feasibility of theÏðèíèìàþùèå ãîñóäàðñòâà, êîòîðûå ñ÷èòàþò æåëàòåëüíûì óñòàíîâèòü ïîðÿäîê, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþùèé ðàçðåøåíèå èñïîëüçîâàòü ïðîöåäóðû ïåðåãîâîðîâ íà ñïåöèàëüíîé îñíîâå, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàþò ñîõðàíèòü ïîäïóíêò g) ïðè ïðèíÿòèè äàííîãî òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ. Ïðèíèìàþùèå
project and to determine whether the project is likely to be successfullyãîñóäàðñòâà, æåëàþùèå îãðàíè÷èòü èñêëþ÷åíèÿ èç êîíêóðåíòíûõ ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà, ìîãóò, â ñâîþ
implemented in the manner proposed in terms acceptable to the contractingî÷åðåäü, îòäàòü ïðåäïî÷òåíèå èñêëþ÷åíèþ ýòîãî ïîäïóíêòà.  ëþáîì ñëó÷àå äëÿ öåëåé îáåñïå÷åíèÿ ïðîçðà÷íîñòè ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò óêàçàòü â ýòîì èëè äðóãîì
authority. For this purpose, the proponent shall submit a technical andìåñòå òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ èíûå èñêëþ÷åíèÿ, äîïóñêàþùèå èñïîëüçîâàíèå ïðîöåäóð ïåðåãîâîðîâ,
economic feasibility study, an environmental impact study and satisfactoryåñëè òàêîâûå ìîãóò ïðåäóñìàòðèâàòüñÿ ñîãëàñíî ñïåöèàëüíîìó çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâó.
information regarding the concept or technology contemplated in the proposal.28
3. In considering an unsolicited proposal, the contracting authority shallÐÿä ýëåìåíòîâ, ïîçâîëÿþùèõ óñèëèòü ïðîçðà÷íîñòü ïðè ïåðåãîâîðàõ, ïðîâîäèìûõ ñîãëàñíî äàííîìó òèïîâîìó ïîëîæåíèþ, ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,
respect the intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights contained in, arising from or referred to in the proposal. Therefore, the contractingãëàâà III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 90–96.20 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
authority shall not make use of information provided by or on behalf of theñòâóþùèå ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïðîöåäóðàõ çàêóïîê,
proponent in connection with its unsolicited proposal other than for the evaluation of that proposal, except with the consent of the proponent. Except asðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû ïóáëèêàöèè óâåäîìëåíèé];
otherwise agreed by the parties, the contracting authority shall, if the proposalb) ïðîâîäèò ïåðåãîâîðû ñ íàñòîëüêî øèðîêèì êðóãîì ëèö, êîòîðûå, ïî
is rejected, return to the proponent the original and any copies of documentsåå ìíåíèþ, ñïîñîáíû
that the proponent submitted and prepared throughout the procedure.29
Model provision 22. Unsolicited proposals that do not involveîñóùåñòâèòü ïðîåêò, íàñêîëüêî ýòî ïîçâîëÿþò îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà;
intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights (see theñ) óñòàíàâëèâàåò êðèòåðèè îöåíêè, ïðè èñïîëüçîâàíèè êîòîðûõ ïðåäëîæåíèÿ äîëæíû îöåíèâàòüñÿ è ðàññòàâëÿòüñÿ â ïîðÿäêå ïîëó÷åííûõ èìè îöåíîê.
Legislative Guide, recommendation 33 and chap. III, paras. 1134. Íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ
and 114)30
1. Except in the circumstances set forth in model provision 18, the contracting authority shall, if it decides to implement the project, initiate aÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 20. Ïðèåìëåìîñòü íåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 30 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 97–109)
selection procedure in accordance with model provisions 6 to 17 if the contracting authority considers that: ïîðÿäêå èñêëþ÷åíèÿ èç ïðèìåíåíèÿ òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèé 6–17 îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê
(a) The envisaged output of the project can be achieved without the use31
of intellectual property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights owned or possessed by the proponent; andóïîëíîìî÷èâàåòñÿ ðàññìàòðèâàòü íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïðîöåäóðàìè, èçëîæåííûìè â òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ 21–23,
(b) The proposed concept or technology is not truly unique or new.ïðè óñëîâèè ÷òî òàêèå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ íå êàñàþòñÿ êàêîãî-ëèáî ïðîåêòà, â ñâÿçè
2. The proponent shall be invited to participate in the selection proceedings initiated by the contracting authority pursuant to paragraph 1 and may beñ êîòîðûì óæå áûëè íà÷àòû èëè îáúÿâëåíû ïðîöåäóðû îòáîðà.
given an incentive or a similar benefit in a manner described by the contractingÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 21. Ïðîöåäóðû îïðåäåëåíèÿ ïðèåìëåìîñòè
authority in the request for proposals in consideration for the development andíåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 31 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòàì 1 è 2) è 32 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 3) è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 110–112)
submission of the proposal.1. Ïîñëå ïîëó÷åíèÿ è ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî èçó÷åíèÿ íåçàïðîøåííîãî
33ïðåäëîæåíèÿ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íåçàìåäëèòåëüíî èíôîðìèðóåò ïðåäñòà29
The enacting State may wish to provide in regulations the qualification criteria that need toÏðèíèìàþùèå ãîñóäàðñòâà, æåëàþùèå óñèëèòü ïðîçðà÷íîñòü ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê èñïîëüçîâàíèþ ïðîöåäóð ïåðåãîâîðîâ, ìîãóò ñ ïîìîùüþ ñïåöèàëüíûõ ïðàâèë óñòàíîâèòü êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå êðèòåðèè, êîòîðûì äîëæíû óäîâëåòâîðÿòü ëèöà, ïðèãëàøåííûå ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïåðåãîâîðàõ
be met by the proponent. Elements to be taken into account for that purpose are indicated in modelñîãëàñíî òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèÿì 18 è 19. Âîçìîæíûå êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå êðèòåðèè óêàçûâàþòñÿ â
provision 7.Part two. Model legislative provisions 19 Model provision 23. Unsolicited proposals involving intellectualòèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè 7. 30 Ïðîãðàììíûå ñîîáðàæåíèÿ îòíîñèòåëüíî ïðåèìóùåñòâ è íåäîñòàòêîâ íåçàïðîøåííûõ
property, trade secrets or other exclusive rights (see the Legislativeïðåäëîæåíèé ðàññìàòðèâàþòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâà III “Âûáîð
Guide, recommendations 34 (for paras. 1 and 2) and 35 (for paras. 3êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 98–100. Ãîñóäàðñòâà, æåëàþùèå ðàçðåøèòü îðãàíèçàöèÿì-çàêàç÷èêàì ðàññìàòðèâàòü ïîäîáíûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàþò îáðàòèòüñÿ ê ïðîöåäóðàì, èçëîæåííûì
and 4) and chap. III, paras. 115-117)â òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ 21–23.
1. If the contracting authority determines that the conditions of model31
provision 22, paragraph 1 (a) and (b), are not met, it shall not be required toÄàííîå òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå èñõîäèò èç òîãî, ÷òî ïîëíîìî÷èÿ íà ðàññìîòðåíèå íåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé áóäóò ïðèíàäëåæàòü îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó. Îäíàêî â çàâèñèìîñòè îò ñèñòåìû
carry out a selection procedure pursuant to model provisions 6 to 17. However,ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ â ïðèíèìàþùåì ãîñóäàðñòâå îòâåòñòâåííîñòü çà ðàáîòó ñ íåçàïðîøåííûìè ïðåäëîæåíèÿìè èëè çà ðàññìîòðåíèå, íàïðèìåð, âîïðîñà î òîì, îòâå÷àåò ëè íåçàïðîøåííîå ïðåäëîæåíèå
the contracting authority may still seek to obtain elements of comparison forïóáëè÷íûì èíòåðåñàì, ìîæåò ëåæàòü íà èíîì îðãàíå, ÷åì îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê.  ïîäîáíîì ñëó÷àå
the unsolicited proposal in accordance with the provisions set out in paragraphs 2 to 4 of this model provision.ïðèíèìàþùåìó ãîñóäàðñòâó ñëåäóåò âíèìàòåëüíî ðàññìîòðåòü ïîðÿäîê, ñ ïîìîùüþ êîòîðîãî, âîçìîæíî, ïîòðåáóåòñÿ îáåñïå÷èòü êîîðäèíàöèþ ôóíêöèé òàêîãî îðãàíà è ôóíêöèé îðãàíèçàöèèçàêàç÷èêà (ñì. ñíîñêè 1, 3 è 24, à òàêæå èñòî÷íèêè, íà êîòîðûå â íèõ äàíû ññûëêè).×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 21
34âèâøóþ åãî ñòîðîíó î òîì, ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ ëè ïðîåêò â êà÷åñòâå ïîòåíöèàëüíî îòâå÷àþùåãî ïóáëè÷íûì èíòåðåñàì 32 .
2. Where the contracting authority intends to obtain elements of comparison for the unsolicited proposal, the contracting authority shall publish a2. Åñëè ïðîåêò ñî÷òåí ïîòåíöèàëüíî îòâå÷àþùèì ïóáëè÷íûì èíòåðåñàì ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 1, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïðèãëàøàåò ñòîðîíó, ïðåäñòàâèâøóþ ïðåäëîæåíèå, ïðåäñòàâèòü íàñòîëüêî ïîäðîáíóþ èíôîðìàöèþ î ïðåäëàãàåìîì ïðîåêòå, íàñêîëüêî ýòî ÿâëÿåòñÿ âîçìîæíûì íà ýòîì ýòàïå, ñ òåì
description of the essential output elements of the proposal with an invitation÷òîáû ïîçâîëèòü îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó äîëæíûì îáðàçîì îöåíèòü êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå äàííûå ýòîé ñòîðîíû
for other interested parties to submit proposals within [a reasonable period]33 è òåõíè÷åñêóþ è ýêîíîìè÷åñêóþ îñóùåñòâèìîñòü ïðîåêòà, à òàêæå îïðåäåëèòü âåðîÿòíîñòü óñïåøíîé ðåàëèçàöèè
[the enacting State indicates a certain amount of time].ïðîåêòà â ïðåäëîæåííîì ïîðÿäêå è íà óñëîâèÿõ, ïðèåìëåìûõ äëÿ îðãàíèçàöèèçàêàç÷èêà. Ñ ýòîé öåëüþ ñòîðîíà, ïðåäëîæèâøàÿ ïðîåêò, ïðåäñòàâëÿåò òåõíèêî-ýêîíîìè÷åñêîå îáîñíîâàíèå, èññëåäîâàíèå ýêîëîãè÷åñêîãî âîçäåéñòâèÿ è
3. If no proposals in response to an invitation issued pursuant to paragraph 2 of this model provision are received within [a reasonable period] [theäîñòàòî÷íóþ èíôîðìàöèþ îòíîñèòåëüíî êîíöåïöèé èëè òåõíîëîãèé, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìûõ â ïðåäëîæåíèè.
amount of time specified in paragraph 2 above], the contracting authority may3. Ïðè ðàññìîòðåíèè íåçàïðîøåííîãî ïðåäëîæåíèÿ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê óâàæàåò èíòåëëåêòóàëüíóþ ñîáñòâåííîñòü, êîììåð÷åñêóþ òàéíó èëè äðóãèå èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûå ïðàâà, âîïëîùåííûå â ïðåäëîæåíèè, âûòåêàþùèå èç íåãî
engage in negotiations with the original proponent.èëè óïîìÿíóòûå â íåì.  ñèëó ýòîãî îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íå èñïîëüçóåò èíôîðìàöèè, ïðåäîñòàâëåííîé ñòîðîíîé, ïðåäëîæèâøåé ïðîåêò, èëè îò åå èìåíè
4. If the contracting authority receives proposals in response to an invitation issued pursuant to paragraph 2, the contracting authority shall inviteâ ñâÿçè ñ åå íåçàïðîøåííûì ïðåäëîæåíèåì, â èíûõ öåëÿõ, ÷åì îöåíêà ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, êðîìå êàê ñ ñîãëàñèÿ ýòîé ñòîðîíû. Åñëè èíîå íå ñîãëàñîâàíî ñòîðîíàìè, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê â ñëó÷àå îòêëîíåíèÿ ïðåäëîæåíèÿ âîçâðàùàåò
the proponents to negotiations in accordance with the provisions set forth inñòîðîíå, ïðåäëîæèâøåé ïðîåêò, îðèãèíàëû è ëþáûå êîïèè äîêóìåíòîâ, êîòîðûå áûëè ïðåäñòàâëåíû è ïîäãîòîâëåíû ýòîé ñòîðîíîé íà ïðîòÿæåíèè âñåé
model provision 19. In the event that the contracting authority receives aïðîöåäóðû.
sufficiently large number of proposals, which appear prima facie to meet itsÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 22. Íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, êîòîðûå
infrastructure needs, the contracting authority shall request the submission ofíå ñâÿçàíû ñ èíòåëëåêòóàëüíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòüþ, êîììåð÷åñêîé òàéíîé èëè äðóãèìè èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûìè ïðàâàìè (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 33 è
proposals pursuant to model provisions 10 to 17, subject to any incentive orãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 113 è 114)
other benefit that may be given to the person who submitted the unsolicited1. Çà èñêëþ÷åíèåì îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ, èçëîæåííûõ â òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè 18, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê, åñëè îíà ïðèíèìàåò ðåøåíèå îá îñóùåñòâëåíèè
proposal in accordance with model provision 22, paragraph 2.32
5. Miscellaneous provisionsÎïðåäåëåíèå òîãî, îòâå÷àåò ëè ïðåäëîæåííûé ïðîåêò ïóáëè÷íûì èíòåðåñàì, ïðåäïîëàãàåò
Model provision 24. Confidentiality (see the Legislative Guide,òùàòåëüíóþ îöåíêó ïîòåíöèàëüíûõ âûãîä äëÿ îáùåñòâà, ïðåäëàãàåìûõ ïðîåêòîì, à òàêæå åãî ñâÿçè
recommendation 36 and chap. III, para. 118)ñ ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííîé ïîëèòèêîé â ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåì ñåêòîðå èíôðàñòðóêòóðû. Ñ òåì ÷òîáû îáåñïå÷èòü áåñïðèñòðàñòíîñòü, ïðîçðà÷íîñòü è ïðåäñêàçóåìîñòü ïðîöåäóð îïðåäåëåíèÿ ïðèåìëåìîñòè
The contracting authority shall treat proposals in such a manner as toíåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé, ïðèíèìàþùåìó ãîñóäàðñòâó áûëî áû, âîçìîæíî, öåëåñîîáðàçíî
avoid the disclosure of their content to competing bidders. Any discussions,ïðåäóñìîòðåòü â ïðàâèëàõ èëè äðóãèõ äîêóìåíòàõ ðóêîâîäÿùèå óêàçàíèÿ îòíîñèòåëüíî êðèòåðèåâ,
communications and negotiations between the contracting authority and a bidder pursuant to model provisions 10, paragraph 3, 17, 18, 19 or 23, paragraphs 3 and 4, shall be confidential. Unless required by law or by a courtêîòîðûå áóäóò èñïîëüçîâàòüñÿ äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâèÿ íåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé ïóáëè÷íûì èíòåðåñàì è êîòîðûå ìîãóò âêëþ÷àòü êðèòåðèè äëÿ îöåíêè óìåñòíîñòè äîãîâîðíûõ ðåøåíèé
34è ðàçóìíîñòè ïðåäëàãàåìîãî ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ ðèñêîâ, ñâÿçàííûõ ñ ïðîåêòîì.
The enacting State may wish to consider adopting a special procedure for handling unsolicited33
proposals falling under this model provision, which may be modelled, mutatis mutandis, on theÏðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò ïðåäóñìîòðåòü â ñâîèõ ïðàâèëàõ êâàëèôèêàöèîííûå êðèòåðèè, óäîâëåòâîðåíèå êîòîðûõ ìîæåò òðåáîâàòüñÿ îò ñòîðîíû, ïðåäëîæèâøåé
request-for-proposals procedure set forth in article 48 of the Model Procurement Law.ïðîåêò.
20 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsÝëåìåíòû, êîòîðûå ñëåäóåò ïðèíèìàòü âî âíèìàíèå ñ ýòîé öåëüþ, óêàçûâàþòñÿ â òèïîâîì
order or permitted by the request for proposals, no party to the negotiationsïîëîæåíèè 7.22 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
shall disclose to any other person any technical, price or other information inïðîåêòà, íà÷èíàåò ïðîöåäóðû îòáîðà â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè 6–17, åñëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ñî÷òåò, ÷òî:
relation to discussions, communications and negotiations pursuant to the aforementioned provisions without the consent of the other party.à) ïðåäïîëàãàåìàÿ îòäà÷à ïðîåêòà ìîæåò áûòü äîñòèãíóòà áåç èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ èíòåëëåêòóàëüíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè, êîììåð÷åñêîé òàéíû èëè äðóãèõ
Model provision 25. Notice of contract award (see the Legislativeèñêëþ÷èòåëüíûõ ïðàâ, êîòîðûå ïðèíàäëåæàò ñòîðîíå, ïðåäëîæèâøåé ïðîåêò,
Guide, recommendation 37 and chap. III, para. 119)èëè êîòîðûìè îíà îáëàäàåò; è
Except for concession contracts awarded pursuant to model provision 18,b) ïðåäëîæåííàÿ êîíöåïöèÿ èëè òåõíîëîãèÿ â äåéñòâèòåëüíîñòè íå ÿâëÿþòñÿ óíèêàëüíûìè èëè íîâûìè.
subparagraph (c), the contracting authority shall cause a notice of the contract2. Ñòîðîíà, ïðåäëîæèâøàÿ ïðîåêò, ïðèãëàøàåòñÿ ê ó÷àñòèþ â ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà, íà÷àòûõ îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïóíêòîì 1, è
award to be published in accordance with [the enacting State indicates theåé ìîãóò áûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíû ñòèìóëû èëè àíàëîãè÷íûå ëüãîòû â ïîðÿäêå,
provisions of its laws on procurement proceedings that govern the publicationîïèñàííîì îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé, çà ïîäãîòîâêó è
of contract award notices].ïðåäñòàâëåíèå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ.
The notice shall identify the concessionaire andÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 23. Íåçàïðîøåííûå ïðåäëîæåíèÿ, êîòîðûå
include a summary of the essential terms of the concession contract.ñâÿçàíû ñ èíòåëëåêòóàëüíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòüþ, êîììåð÷åñêîé
Model provision 26. Record of selection and award proceedingsòàéíîé èëè äðóãèìè èñêëþ÷èòåëüíûìè ïðàâàìè (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 34 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòàì 1 è 2) è 35 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòàì 3 è 4)
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 38 and chap. III,è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 115–117)
paras. 120-126)1. Åñëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê óñòàíîâèò, ÷òî óñëîâèÿ, ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìûå â ïóíêòàõ 1 à) è b) òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 22, íå ñîáëþäåíû, òî îò íåå íå
The contracting authority shall keep an appropriate record of informationòðåáóåòñÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà ñîãëàñíî òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèÿì 6–17.
pertaining to the selection and award proceedings in accordance with [theÎäíàêî îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïîïûòàòüñÿ ïîëó÷èòü ñîïîñòàâèòåëüíûå
enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws on public procurement thatýëåìåíòû â ñâÿçè ñ íåçàïðîøåííûì ïðåäëîæåíèåì â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïîëîæåíèÿìè, èçëîæåííûìè â ïóíêòàõ 2–4 íàñòîÿùåãî òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ
govern record of procurement proceedings].34
35.
Model provision 27. Review procedures (see the Legislative Guide,2. Êîãäà îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íàìåðåâàåòñÿ ïîëó÷èòü ñîïîñòàâèòåëüíûå ýëåìåíòû â ñâÿçè ñ íåçàïðîøåííûì ïðåäëîæåíèåì, îíà ïóáëèêóåò îïèñàíèå îñíîâíûõ ýëåìåíòîâ, ñâÿçàííûõ ñ îòäà÷åé ïðåäëàãàåìîãî ïðîåêòà, ñ ïðèãëàøåíèåì äðóãèì çàèíòåðåñîâàííûì ñòîðîíàì ïðåäñòàâèòü ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â
recommendation 39 and chap. III, paras. 127-131)òå÷åíèå [ðàçóìíîãî ñðîêà] [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò îïðåäåëåííûé êîíêðåòíûé ñðîê].
A bidder that claims to have suffered, or that may suffer, loss or injury3. Åñëè ïðåäëîæåíèé â îòâåò íà ïðèãëàøåíèå, ñäåëàííîå ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 2, â òå÷åíèå [ðàçóìíîãî ñðîêà] [ñðîêà, îãîâîðåííîãî â ïóíêòå 2, âûøå]
due to a breach of a duty imposed on the contracting authority by the law mayïîëó÷åíî íå áûëî, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò íà÷àòü ïåðåãîâîðû ñî ñòîðîíîé, ïðåäñòàâèâøåé ïåðâîíà÷àëüíîå ïðåäëîæåíèå.
seek review of the contracting authority’s acts or failures to act in accordance4. Åñëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïîëó÷àåò ïðåäëîæåíèÿ â îòâåò íà ïðèãëàøåíèå, ñäåëàííîå ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 2, îíà ïðèãëàøàåò ïðåäñòàâèâøèå èõ ñòîðî34
with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws governing theÏðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò ðàññìîòðåòü âîïðîñ î ïðèíÿòèè ñïåöèàëüíîé ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ ðàññìîòðåíèÿ íåçàïðîøåííûõ ïðåäëîæåíèé, ïîäïàäàþùèõ ïîä äåéñòâèå
review of decisions made in procurement proceedings].äàííîãî òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ; òàêàÿ ïðîöåäóðà ìîæåò, mutatis mutandis, ñòðîèòüñÿ íà îñíîâå ïðîöåäóðû çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé, èçëîæåííîé â ñòàòüå 48 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 23
36íû ê ïåðåãîâîðàì â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïîëîæåíèÿìè, èçëîæåííûìè â òèïîâîì
35ïîëîæåíèè 19.  ñëó÷àå, åñëè îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ïîëó÷àåò äîñòàòî÷íî
The content of such a record for the various types of project award contemplated in the modeláîëüøîå ÷èñëî ïðåäëîæåíèé, êîòîðûå, êàê ýòî ïðåäñòàâëÿåòñÿ prima facie,
provisions, as well as the extent to which the information contained therein may be accessible to theóäîâëåòâîðÿþò åå ïîòðåáíîñòè â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê îáðàùàåòñÿ ñ çàïðîñîì î ïðåäñòàâëåíèè ïðåäëîæåíèé ñîãëàñíî òèïîâûì
public, are discussed in the Legislative Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 120126. The content of such a record for the various types of project award is further set out in articleïîëîæåíèÿì 10–17 ñ ó÷åòîì ëþáûõ ñòèìóëîâ èëè èíûõ ëüãîò, êîòîðûå ìîãóò
11 of the Model Procurement Law. If the laws of the enacting State do not adequately address theseáûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíû ëèöó, ïðåäñòàâèâøåìó íåçàïðîøåííîå ïðåäëîæåíèå, â
matters, the enacting State should adopt legislation or regulations to that effect.ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïóíêòîì 2 òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 22.
365. Ðàçíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ
Elements for the establishment of an adequate review system are discussed in the LegislativeÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 24. Êîíôèäåíöèàëüíîñòü (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî
Guide, chap. III, “Selection of the concessionaire”, paras. 127-131. They are also contained in chapteräëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 36 è ãëàâó III,
VI of the Model Procurement Law. If the laws of the enacting State do not provide such an adequateïóíêò 118)
review system, the enacting State should consider adopting legislation to that effect.Part two. Model legislative provisions 21Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê îáðàùàåòñÿ ñ ïðåäëîæåíèÿìè òàêèì îáðàçîì, ÷òîáû íå äîïóñòèòü ðàñêðûòèÿ èõ ñîäåðæàíèÿ êîíêóðèðóþùèì ó÷àñòíèêàì ïðîöåäóð. Ëþáûå îáñóæäåíèÿ, ñîîáùåíèÿ è ïåðåãîâîðû ìåæäó îðãàíèçàöèåéçàêàç÷èêîì è ó÷àñòíèêîì ïðîöåäóð ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 3 òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 10,
III. Contents and implementation of the concession contractòèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèÿì 17, 18 è 19 èëè ïóíêòàì 3 è 4 òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 23
Model provision 28. Contents and implementation of the concessionÿâëÿþòñÿ êîíôèäåíöèàëüíûìè. Çà èñêëþ÷åíèåì ñëó÷àåâ, êîãäà ýòî òðåáóåòñÿ
contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 40 andâ ñèëó çàêîíà èëè ïðèêàçà ñóäà èëè êîãäà ýòî ðàçðåøåíî â çàïðîñå ïðåäëîæåíèé, íè îäíà èç ñòîðîí ïåðåãîâîðîâ íå ðàñêðûâàåò êàêîìó áû òî íè áûëî
chap. IV, paras. 1-11)äðóãîìó ëèöó ëþáóþ òåõíè÷åñêóþ, öåíîâóþ èëè èíóþ èíôîðìàöèþ â ñâÿçè ñ
The concession contract shall provide for such matters as the parties deemîáñóæäåíèÿìè, ñîîáùåíèÿìè è ïåðåãîâîðàìè ñîãëàñíî âûøåóïîìÿíóòûì
appropriate,ïîëîæåíèÿì, áåç ñîãëàñèÿ íà òî äðóãîé ñòîðîíû.
37Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 25. Óâåäîìëåíèå î ïðèíÿòèè ðåøåíèÿ çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 37 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêò 119)
such as:Çà èñêëþ÷åíèåì êîíöåññèîííûõ äîãîâîðîâ, ðåøåíèå î çàêëþ÷åíèè êîòîðûõ ïðèíèìàåòñÿ ñîãëàñíî ïîäïóíêòó ñ) òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 18, îðãàíèçàöèÿçàêàç÷èê îáåñïå÷èâàåò ïóáëèêàöèþ óâåäîìëåíèÿ î ïðèíÿòèè ðåøåíèÿ çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò
(a) The nature and scope of works to be performed and services to beïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïðîöåäóðàõ çàêóïîê, ðåãóëèðóþùèå
provided by the concessionaire (see chap. IV, para. 1);âîïðîñû ïóáëèêàöèè óâåäîìëåíèé î ïðèíÿòèè ðåøåíèé çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð].  óâåäîìëåíèå âêëþ÷àþòñÿ óêàçàíèå êîíöåññèîíåðà è ðåçþìå îñíîâíûõ
(b) The conditions for provision of those services and the extent ofóñëîâèé êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà.
exclusivity, if any, of the concessionaire’s rights under the concession contractÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 26. Îò÷åò î ïðîöåäóðàõ îòáîðà è ïðèíÿòèè
(see recommendation 5);ðåøåíèÿ çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 38 è ãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 120–126)
(c) The assistance that the contracting authority may provide to theÎðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê âåäåò íàäëåæàùóþ îò÷åòíîñòü, â êîòîðóþ âêëþ÷àåòñÿ èíôîðìàöèÿ, êàñàþùàÿñÿ ïðîöåäóð îòáîðà è ïðèíÿòèÿ ðåøåíèÿ çàêëþ÷èòü äîãîâîð, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò24 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
concessionaire in obtaining licences and permits to the extent necessary for theïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà î ïóáëè÷íûõ çàêóïêàõ, ðåãóëèðóþùèå
implementation of the infrastructure project;âîïðîñû âåäåíèÿ îò÷åòíîñòè î ïðîöåäóðàõ çàêóïîê]
(d) Any requirements relating to the establishment and minimum capital35
of a legal entity incorporated in accordance with model provision 30 (see.
recommendations 42 and 43 and model provision 30);Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 27. Ïðîöåäóðû îáæàëîâàíèÿ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 39 è
(e) The ownership of assets related to the project and the obligations ofãëàâó III, ïóíêòû 127–131)
the parties, as appropriate, concerning the acquisition of the project site andÓ÷àñòíèêè ïðîöåäóð, êîòîðûå çàÿâëÿþò î òîì, ÷òî îíè ïîíåñëè – èëè
any necessary easements, in accordance with model provisions 31 to 33 (seeêîòîðûå ìîãóò ïîíåñòè – óáûòêè èëè óùåðá â ðåçóëüòàòå íàðóøåíèÿ êàêîéëèáî îáÿçàííîñòè, âîçëîæåííîé â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâîì íà îðãàíèçàöèþ-çàêàç÷èêà, ìîãóò îáæàëîâàòü äåéñòâèÿ èëè áåçäåéñòâèå îðãàíèçàöèèçàêàç÷èêà â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû îáæàëîâàíèÿ
recommendations 44 and 45 and model provisions 31-33);ðåøåíèé, âûíåñåííûõ â ðàìêàõ ïðîöåäóð çàêóïêè]
(f) The remuneration of the concessionaire, whether consisting of tariffs36
or fees for the use of the facility or the provision of services; the methods and.
formulas for the establishment or adjustment of any such tariffs or fees; andIII. Ñîäåðæàíèå è èñïîëíåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî
payments, if any, that may be made by the contracting authority or other publicäîãîâîðà
authority (see recommendations 46 and 48);Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 28. Ñîäåðæàíèå è èñïîëíåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,
(g) Procedures for the review and approval of engineering designs,ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 40 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 1–11)
construction plans and specifications by the contracting authority, and the procedures for testing and final inspection, approval and acceptance of the infrastructure facility (see recommendation 52); êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå ðåãóëèðóþòñÿ òàêèå âîïðîñû, êîòîðûå ñòîðîíû ñ÷èòàþò óìåñòíûìè
(h) The extent of the concessionaire’s obligations to ensure, as appropriate, the modification of the service so as to meet the actual demand for the37
service, its continuity and its provision under essentially the same conditions, íàïðèìåð ñëåäóþùèå:
for all users (see recommendation 53 and model provision 38);à) õàðàêòåð è îáúåì ðàáîò, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü âûïîëíåíû, à òàêæå
(i) The contracting authority’s or other public authority’s right to monitor the works to be performed and services to be provided by theóñëóã, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíû êîíöåññèîíåðîì (ñì. ïóíêò 1
concessionaire and the conditions and extent to which the contracting authorityãëàâû IV);
or a regulatory agency may order variations in respect of the works and conditions of service or take such other reasonable actions as they may findb) óñëîâèÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ òàêèõ óñëóã è ñòåïåíü èñêëþ÷èòåëüíîñòè
appropriate to ensure that the infrastructure facility is properly operated and theïðàâ êîíöåññèîíåðà, åñëè òàêîâàÿ ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåòñÿ, ñîãëàñíî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 5);
3735
Enacting States may wish to note that the inclusion in the concession contract of provisionsÂîïðîñû î ñîäåðæàíèè òàêîé îò÷åòíîñòè â ñâÿçè ñ ðàçëè÷íûìè âèäàìè ïðîöåäóð âûäà÷è
dealing with some of the matters listed in this model provision is mandatory pursuant to other modelïîäðÿäà íà ïðîåêò, êîòîðûå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþòñÿ â òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ, à òàêæå î òîé ñòåïåíè, â
provisions.22 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsêîòîðîé ñîäåðæàùàÿñÿ â íåé èíôîðìàöèÿ ìîæåò áûòü îòêðûòà äëÿ äîñòóïà îáùåñòâåííîñòè,
services are provided in accordance with the applicable legal and contractualðàññìàòðèâàþòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâà III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”,
requirements (see recommendations 52 and 54, subpara. (b));ïóíêòû 120–126. Ñîäåðæàíèå ïîäîáíîãî îò÷åòà â ñâÿçè ñ ðàçëè÷íûìè âèäàìè ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìûõ
(j) The extent of the concessionaire’s obligation to provide the contracting authority or a regulatory agency, as appropriate, with reports and otherïðîöåäóð âûäà÷è ïîäðÿäà íà ïðîåêò ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ â ñòàòüå 11 Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ. Åñëè
information on its operations (see recommendation 54, subpara. (a));ïîäîáíûå âîïðîñû íåäîñòàòî÷íî óðåãóëèðîâàíû â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà,
(k) Mechanisms to deal with additional costs and other consequencesòî åìó ñëåäóåò ïðèíÿòü ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå çàêîíû èëè ïðàâèëà.
that might result from any order issued by the contracting authority or another36
public authority in connection with subparagraphs (h) and (i) above, includingÝëåìåíòû äëÿ ñîçäàíèÿ íàäëåæàùåé ñèñòåìû îáæàëîâàíèÿ ðàññìàòðèâàþòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâà III “Âûáîð êîíöåññèîíåðà”, ïóíêòû 127–131. Îíè òàêæå
any compensation to which the concessionaire might be entitled (see chap. IV,ñîäåðæàòñÿ â ãëàâå VI Òèïîâîãî çàêîíà î çàêóïêàõ. Åñëè çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâî ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà íå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåò ïîäîáíîé íàäëåæàùåé ñèñòåìû îáæàëîâàíèÿ, òî åìó ñëåäóåò ðàññìîòðåòü
paras. 73-76);âîïðîñ î ïðèíÿòèè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ çàêîíîâ.
(l) Any rights of the contracting authority to review and approve major37
contracts to be entered into by the concessionaire, in particular with theÏðèíèìàþùèå ãîñóäàðñòâà, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàþò îòìåòèòü, ÷òî âêëþ÷åíèå â êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð ïîëîæåíèé, êàñàþùèõñÿ íåêîòîðûõ âîïðîñîâ, êîòîðûå ïåðå÷èñëåíû â äàííîì òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè, ÿâëÿåòñÿ îáÿçàòåëüíûì â ñèëó äðóãèõ òèïîâûõ ïîëîæåíèé.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 25
concessionaire’s own shareholders or other affiliated persons (see recommendation 56);ñ) ïîìîùü, êîòîðóþ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïðåäîñòàâèòü êîíöåññèîíåðó â ñâÿçè ñ ïîëó÷åíèåì ëèöåíçèé è ðàçðåøåíèé â òîé ìåðå, â êîòîðîé
(m) Guarantees of performance to be provided and insurance policies toýòî íåîáõîäèìî äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû;
be maintained by the concessionaire in connection with the implementation of the infrastructure project (see recommendation 58, subparas. (a) and (b)); (n) Remedies available in the event of default of either party (see recommendation 58, subpara. (e)); (o) The extent to which either party may be exempt from liability for failure or delay in complying with any obligation under the concession contract owing to circumstances beyond its reasonable control (see recommendation 58, subpara. (d));d) ëþáûå òðåáîâàíèÿ, êàñàþùèåñÿ îáðàçîâàíèÿ è ìèíèìàëüíîãî êàïèòàëà þðèäè÷åñêîãî ëèöà, çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííîãî â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ òèïîâûì ïîëîæåíèåì 30 (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèè 42 è 43 è òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 30);
(p) The duration of the concession contract and the rights and obligations of the parties upon its expiry or termination (see recommendation 61);å) ñîáñòâåííîñòü íà àêòèâû, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòîì, è îáÿçàòåëüñòâà
(q) The manner for calculating compensation pursuant to model provision 47 (see recommendation 67);ñòîðîí, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, â ñâÿçè ñ ïðèîáðåòåíèåì ñòðîèòåëüíîé ïëîùàäêè è
(r) The governing law and the mechanisms for the settlement of disputesëþáûìè íåîáõîäèìûìè ñåðâèòóòàìè â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ (òèïîâûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè 31–33) (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèè 44 è 45 è òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 31–33);
that may arise between the contracting authority and the concessionaire (seef) âîçíàãðàæäåíèå êîíöåññèîíåðà, áóäü òî â âèäå òàðèôîâ èëè ñáîðîâ
recommendation 69 and model provisions 29 and 49);çà èñïîëüçîâàíèå îáúåêòà èëè ïðåäîñòàâëåíèå óñëóã; ìåòîäû è ôîðìóëû ðàñ÷åòà èëè êîððåêòèðîâêè ëþáûõ òàêèõ òàðèôîâ èëè ñáîðîâ; è ïëàòåæè, åñëè
(s) The rights and obligations of the parties with respect to confidentialòàêîâûå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþòñÿ, êîòîðûå ìîãóò áûòü îñóùåñòâëåíû îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì èëè äðóãèì ïóáëè÷íûì îðãàíîì (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèè 46 è 48);
information (see model provision 24).g) ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ ðàññìîòðåíèÿ è óòâåðæäåíèÿ îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì ïðîåêòíî-êîíñòðóêòîðñêîé äîêóìåíòàöèè, ñòðîèòåëüíûõ ïëàíîâ è ñïåöèôèêàöèé, à òàêæå ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ èñïûòàíèé è èòîãîâîé èíñïåêöèè, îäîáðåíèÿ
Model provision 29. Governing law (see the Legislative Guide,è ïðèíÿòèÿ îáúåêòà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 52);
recommendation 41 and chap. IV, paras. 5-8)h) îáúåì îáÿçàòåëüñòâ êîíöåññèîíåðà ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, ïðèñïîñîáëåíèÿ ïàðàìåòðîâ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóãè äëÿ óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ
The concession contract is governed by the law of [the enacting State]ôàêòè÷åñêîãî ñïðîñà íà íåå, íåïðåðûâíîñòè åå ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ è åå ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ âñåì ïîëüçîâàòåëÿì íà ïðàêòè÷åñêè îäíèõ è òåõ æå óñëîâèÿõ (ñì.
unless otherwise provided in the concession contract.ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 53 è òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 38);
38i) ïðàâî îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà èëè äðóãîãî ïóáëè÷íîãî îðãàíà íà êîíòðîëü çà ðàáîòàìè, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü âûïîëíåíû, è óñëóãàìè, êîòîðûå
38äîëæíû áûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíû êîíöåññèîíåðîì, à òàêæå óñëîâèÿ è ñòåïåíü, â
Legal systems provide varying answers to the question as to whether the parties to a concession contract may choose as the governing law of the contract a law other than the laws of the hostêîòîðûõ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê èëè ðåãóëèðóþùåå ó÷ðåæäåíèå ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòü âíåñòè èçìåíåíèÿ â òîì, ÷òî êàñàåòñÿ ðàáîò è óñëîâèé ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ
country.óñëóã, èëè ïðèíÿòèÿ òàêèõ äðóãèõ ðàçóìíûõ ìåð, êîòîðûå, ïî èõ ìíåíèþ, ÿâëÿþòñÿ óìåñòíûìè äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ íàäëåæàùåé ýêñïëóàòàöèè îáúåêòà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû è ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóã â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ïðèìåíèìûìè þðèäè÷åñêèìè è äîãîâîðíûìè òðåáîâàíèÿìè (ñì.
Furthermore, as discussed in the Legislative Guide (see chap. IV, “Construction and operationðåêîìåíäàöèþ 52 è ïîäïóíêò b)
of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 5-8), in some countries theðåêîìåíäàöèè 54);
concession contract may be subject to administrative law, while in others the concession contract mayj) îáúåì îáÿçàòåëüñòâà êîíöåññèîíåðà ïðåäîñòàâëÿòü îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó èëè ðåãóëèðóþùåìó ó÷ðåæäåíèþ, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, îò÷åòû è äðóãóþ
be governed by private law (see also the Legislative Guide, chap. VII, “Other relevant areas of law”,èíôîðìàöèþ î ñâîèõ îïåðàöèÿõ (ñì. ïîäïóíêò à) ðåêîìåíäàöèè 54);
paras. 24-27). The governing law also includes legal rules of other fields of law that apply to thek) ìåõàíèçìû ðåøåíèÿ âîïðîñîâ î äîïîëíèòåëüíûõ çàòðàòàõ è äðóãèõ
various issues that arise during the implementation of an infrastructure project (see generally theïîñëåäñòâèÿõ, êîòîðûå ìîæåò ïîâëå÷ü çà ñîáîé ëþáîå ðàñïîðÿæåíèå, ñäåëàííîå îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì èëè äðóãèì ïóáëè÷íûì îðãàíîì â ñâÿçè ñ
Legislative Guide, chap. VII, “Other relevant areas of law”, sect. B).Part two. Model legislative provisions 23ïîäïóíêòàìè h) è i), âûøå, âêëþ÷àÿ ëþáóþ êîìïåíñàöèþ, íà êîòîðóþ ìîæåò
Model provision 30. Organization of the concessionaire (see theèìåòü ïðàâî êîíöåññèîíåð (ñì. ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 73–76);
Legislative Guide, recommendations 42 and 43 and chap. IV,l) ëþáûå ïðàâà îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà ðàññìàòðèâàòü è óòâåðæäàòü îñíîâíûå êîíòðàêòû, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü çàêëþ÷åíû êîíöåññèîíåðîì, â ÷àñòíîñòè êîíòðàêòû ñ ëèöàìè, ÿâëÿþùèìèñÿ àêöèîíåðàìè êîìïàíèè-êîíöåññèîíåðà, èëè äðóãèìè ñâÿçàííûìè ñ íåé ëèöàìè (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 56);26 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
paras. 12-18)m) ãàðàíòèè èñïîëíåíèÿ, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü ïðåäîñòàâëåíû, è ñòðàõîâûå ïîëèñû, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü ïðèîáðåòåíû êîíöåññèîíåðîì â ñâÿçè ñ
The contracting authority may require that the successful bidder establishîñóùåñòâëåíèåì ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû (ñì. ïîäïóíêòû à) è b)
a legal entity incorporated under the laws of [the enacting State], provided thatðåêîìåíäàöèè 58);
a statement to that effect was made in the pre-selection documents or in then) ñðåäñòâà ïðàâîâîé çàùèòû, èìåþùèåñÿ â ñëó÷àå íåèñïîëíåíèÿ îáÿçàòåëüñòâ ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí (ñì. ïîäïóíêò å) ðåêîìåíäàöèè 58);
request for proposals, as appropriate.o) îáúåì âîçìîæíîãî îñâîáîæäåíèÿ ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí îò îòâåòñòâåííîñòè â ñâÿçè ñ íåèñïîëíåíèåì èëè çàäåðæêîé èñïîëíåíèÿ ëþáîãî îáÿçàòåëüñòâà, ïðåäóñìîòðåííîãî â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå, â ðåçóëüòàòå îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ, íàõîäÿùèõñÿ âíå ñôåðû åå ðàçóìíîãî êîíòðîëÿ (ñì.
Any requirement relating to the minimumïîäïóíêò d) ðåêîìåíäàöèè 58);
capital of such a legal entity and the procedures for obtaining the approval ofp) ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà è ïðàâà è îáÿçàòåëüñòâà
the contracting authority to its statute and by-laws and significant changesñòîðîí ïî åãî èñòå÷åíèè èëè ïðåêðàùåíèè (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 61);
therein shall be set forth in the concession contract consistent with the termsq) ñïîñîá ðàñ÷åòà êîìïåíñàöèè ñîãëàñíî òèïîâîìó ïîëîæåíèþ 47
of the request for proposals.(ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 67);
Model provision 31. Ownership of assetsr) ïðèìåíèìîå ïðàâî è ìåõàíèçìû óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñïîðîâ, êîòîðûå
39ìîãóò âîçíèêíóòü ìåæäó îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì è êîíöåññèîíåðîì (ñì. ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 69 è òèïîâûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 29 è 49);
(see the Legislative Guide,s) ïðàâà è îáÿçàòåëüñòâà ñòîðîí â îòíîøåíèè êîíôèäåíöèàëüíîé èíôîðìàöèè (ñì. òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 24).
recommendation 44 and chap. IV, paras. 20-26)Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 29. Ïðèìåíèìîå ïðàâî (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ
The concession contract shall specify, as appropriate, which assets are orçàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 41 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 5–8)
shall be public property and which assets are or shall be the private propertyÊîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð ðåãóëèðóåòñÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâîì [ïðèíèìàþùåãî
of the concessionaire. The concession contract shall in particular identifyãîñóäàðñòâà], åñëè èíîå íå ïðåäóñìîòðåíî â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå
which assets belong to the following categories:38
(a) Assets, if any, that the concessionaire is required to return or transfer.
to the contracting authority or to another entity indicated by the contractingÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 30. Îðãàíèçàöèîííîå óñòðîéñòâî êîíöåññèîíåðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 42 è 43 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 12–18)
authority in accordance with the terms of the concession contract;Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòü, ÷òîáû ïîáåäèâøèé ó÷àñòíèê
(b) Assets, if any, that the contracting authority, at its option, may purchase from the concessionaire; andïðîöåäóð ó÷ðåäèë þðèäè÷åñêîå ëèöî, çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííîå â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ
(c) Assets, if any, that the concessionaire may retain or dispose of upon38
expiry or termination of the concession contract.Âîïðîñ î òîì, ìîãóò ëè ñòîðîíû êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà èçáðàòü â êà÷åñòâå ïðàâà, ðåãóëèðóþùåãî ýòîò äîãîâîð, çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâî èíîãî ãîñóäàðñòâà, ÷åì ïðèíèìàþùàÿ ñòðàíà, ðåøàåòñÿ â
Model provision 32. Acquisition of rights related to the project siteðàçëè÷íûõ ïðàâîâûõ ñèñòåìàõ ïî-ðàçíîìó. Êðîìå òîãî, êàê îá ýòîì ãîâîðèòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 45 and chap. IV,çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ (ñì. ãëàâó IV “Ñîîðóæåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû: çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ðàìêè è ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”, ïóíêòû 5–8), â íåêîòîðûõ ñòðàíàõ êîíöåññèîííûå äîãîâîðû ìîãóò ïîäïàäàòü ïîä äåéñòâèå àäìèíèñòðàòèâíîãî ïðàâà, â òî âðåìÿ êàê â äðóãèõ ãîñóäàðñòâàõ îíè ìîãóò ðåãóëèðîâàòüñÿ íîðìàìè ÷àñòíîãî ïðàâà (ñì. òàêæå Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ
paras. 27-29)çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó VII “Äðóãèå îáëàñòè ïðàâà, èìåþùèå îòíîøåíèå ê ðàññìàòðèâàåìûì âîïðîñàì”, ïóíêòû 24–27). Ïðèìåíèìîå ïðàâî ìîæåò òàêæå âêëþ÷àòü þðèäè÷åñêèå íîðìû,
1. The contracting authority or other public authority under the terms ofîòíîñÿùèåñÿ ê äðóãèì îáëàñòÿì ïðàâîâîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ è ïðèìåíèìûå ê ðàçëè÷íûì âîïðîñàì,
the law and the concession contract shall make available to the concessionaireêîòîðûå âîçíèêàþò â õîäå îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû (â îáùåì ïëàíå
39ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó VII “Äðóãèå îáëàñòè ïðàâà, èìåþùèå îòíîøåíèå ê ðàññìàòðèâàåìûì âîïðîñàì”, ðàçäåë B).×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 27
Private sector participation in infrastructure projects may be devised in a variety of differentçàêîíîäàòåëüñòâîì [ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà], ïðè óñëîâèè ÷òî çàÿâëåíèå
forms, ranging from publicly owned and operated infrastructure to fully privatized projects (see theîá ýòîì áûëî âêëþ÷åíî â äîêóìåíòàöèþ äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî îòáîðà èëè â
Legislative Guide, “Introduction and background information on privately financed infrastructureçàïðîñ ïðåäëîæåíèé, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî. Â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ óñëîâèÿìè çàïðîñà ïðåäëîæåíèé îãîâàðèâàþòñÿ ëþáûå òðåáîâàíèÿ â
projects”, paras. 47-53). Those general policy options typically determine the legislative approach forîòíîøåíèè ìèíèìàëüíîãî êàïèòàëà òàêîãî þðèäè÷åñêîãî ëèöà è ïðîöåäóðû
ownership of project-related assets (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and operationäëÿ ïîëó÷åíèÿ ñîãëàñèÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà ñ åãî óñòàâíûìè äîêóìåíòàìè,
of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 20-26).à òàêæå ñ âíåñåíèåì ñóùåñòâåííûõ èçìåíåíèé â ýòè äîêóìåíòû.
Irrespective of the hostÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 31. Ñîáñòâåííîñòü íà àêòèâû
country’s general or sectoral policy, the ownership regime of the various assets involved should be39
clearly defined and based on sufficient legislative authority.(ñì.
Clarity in this respect is important, as itÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 44 è
will directly affect the concessionaire’s ability to create security interests in project assets for theãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 20–26)
purpose of raising financing for the project (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå îãîâàðèâàåòñÿ, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, êàêèå àêòèâû íàõîäÿòñÿ èëè áóäóò íàõîäèòüñÿ â ïóáëè÷íîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè è êàêèå àêòèâû íàõîäÿòñÿ èëè áóäóò íàõîäèòüñÿ â ÷àñòíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè êîíöåññèîíåðà.
operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 52-61). Consistent êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå óêàçûâàåòñÿ, â ÷àñòíîñòè, êàêèå àêòèâû îòíîñÿòñÿ
with the flexible approach taken by various legal systems, the model provision does not contemplateê ñëåäóþùèì êàòåãîðèÿì:
an unqualified transfer of all assets to the contracting authority but allows a distinction between assetsà) àêòèâû, åñëè òàêîâûå èìåþòñÿ, êîòîðûå êîíöåññèîíåð äîëæåí âîçâðàòèòü èëè ïåðåäàòü îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó èëè äðóãîìó óêàçàííîìó îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì ñóáúåêòó â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ óñëîâèÿìè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà;
that must be transferred to the contracting authority, assets that may be purchased by the contractingb) àêòèâû, åñëè òàêîâûå èìåþòñÿ, êîòîðûå îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê, ïî
authority, at its option, and assets that remain the private property of the concessionaire, upon expiryñâîåìó âûáîðó, ìîæåò âûêóïèòü ó êîíöåññèîíåðà; è
or termination of the concession contract or at any other time.24 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projectsñ) àêòèâû, åñëè òàêîâûå èìåþòñÿ, êîòîðûå êîíöåññèîíåð ìîæåò ñîõðàíèòü èëè ðåàëèçîâàòü ïî èñòå÷åíèè èëè ïðåêðàùåíèè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà.
or, as appropriate, shall assist the concessionaire in obtaining such rights39
related to the project site, including title thereto, as may be necessary for theÓ÷àñòèå ÷àñòíîãî ñåêòîðà â îñóùåñòâëåíèè ïðîåêòîâ â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ìîæåò
implementation of the project.ïðèíèìàòü ðàçëè÷íûå ôîðìû, íà÷èíàÿ ñ íàõîäÿùèõñÿ â ïóáëè÷íîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè è ýêñïëóàòèðóåìûõ ïóáëè÷íûìè ïðåäïðèÿòèÿìè îáúåêòîâ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû è êîí÷àÿ ïîëíîñòüþ ïðèâàòèçèðîâàííûìè ïðîåêòàìè (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, “Ââåäåíèå è ñïðàâî÷íàÿ
2. Any compulsory acquisition of land that may be required for theèíôîðìàöèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ”,
implementation of the project shall be carried out in accordance with [theïóíêòû 47–53). Ýòè îáùèå ïðîãðàììíûå ðåøåíèÿ îáû÷íî îïðåäåëÿþò ïîäõîä ê çàêîíîäàòåëüíîìó
enacting State indicates the provisions of its laws that govern compulsoryðåãóëèðîâàíèþ âîïðîñîâ ñîáñòâåííîñòè íà ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòàìè àêòèâû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ
acquisition of private property by public authorities for reasons of publicçàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó IV “Ñîîðóæåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû: çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ðàìêè è ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”, ïóíêòû 20–26). Íåçàâèñèìî îò îáùåé èëè ñåêòîðàëüíîé
interest].ïîëèòèêè, ïðîâîäèìîé ïðèíèìàþùåé ñòðàíîé, ðåæèì ñîáñòâåííîñòè íà ðàçëè÷íûå àêòèâû, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïðîåêòîì, äîëæåí áûòü ÷åòêî îïðåäåëåí è îñíîâûâàòüñÿ íà äîñòàòî÷íûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ
Model provision 33. Easementsïîëíîìî÷èÿõ.  ýòèõ âîïðîñàõ íåîáõîäèìà ÿñíîñòü, ïîñêîëüêó ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåìûå ðåøåíèÿ áóäóò
40íåïîñðåäñòâåííî çàòðàãèâàòü ñïîñîáíîñòü êîíöåññèîíåðà ñîçäàòü îáåñïå÷èòåëüíûå èíòåðåñû â
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 45 and chap. IV, para. 30)ïðîåêòíûõ àêòèâàõ äëÿ öåëåé ìîáèëèçàöèè ôèíàíñèðîâàíèÿ ïðîåêòà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó IV “Ñîîðóæåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû: çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ðàìêè è ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”, ïóíêòû 52–61). Ñ ó÷åòîì ãèáêèõ ïîäõîäîâ, èñïîëüçóåìûõ â ðàçëè÷íûõ
Variant A 1. The contracting authority or other public authority under the terms of the law and the concession contract shall make available to the concessionaire or, as appropriate, shall assist the concessionaire to enjoy the right to enter upon, transit through or do work or fix installations uponïðàâîâûõ ñèñòåìàõ, â äàííîì òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè íå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåòñÿ áåçîãîâîðî÷íîé ïåðåäà÷è
property of third parties, as appropriate and required for the implementation of the project in accordance with [the enacting State indicates theâñåõ àêòèâîâ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó, à äîïóñêàåòñÿ âîçìîæíîñòü ïðîâåäåíèÿ ðàçëè÷èÿ ìåæäó àêòèâàìè, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü ïåðåäàíû îðãàíèçàöèè-àêàç÷èêó, àêòèâàìè, êîòîðûå ìîãóò áûòü
provisions of its laws that govern easements and other similar rightsâûêóïëåíû îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì ïî åå âûáîðó, è àêòèâàìè, êîòîðûå îñòàþòñÿ â ÷àñòíîé
enjoyed by public utility companies and infrastructure operators underñîáñòâåííîñòè êîíöåññèîíåðà ïî èñòå÷åíèè èëè ïðåêðàùåíèè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà èëè â
its laws].êàêîé-ëèáî äðóãîé ìîìåíò.28 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
Variant BÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 32. Ïðèîáðåòåíèå ïðàâ, ñâÿçàííûõ ñî ñòðîèòåëüíîé ïëîùàäêîé (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 45 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 27–29)
1. The concessionaire shall have the right to enter upon, transit1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê èëè äðóãîé ïóáëè÷íûé îðãàí â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ
through or do work or fix installations upon property of third parties, asçàêîíîäàòåëüñòâîì è óñëîâèÿìè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ïðåäîñòàâëÿåò â
appropriate and required for the implementation of the project inðàñïîðÿæåíèå êîíöåññèîíåðà òàêèå ñâÿçàííûå ñî ñòðîèòåëüíîé ïëîùàäêîé
accordance with [the enacting State indicates the provisions of its lawsïðàâà, âêëþ÷àÿ ïðàâî ñîáñòâåííîñòè, êàêèå ìîãóò áûòü íåîáõîäèìû äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà, èëè, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, îêàçûâàåò êîíöåññèîíåðó ïîìîùü
that govern easements and other similar rights enjoyed by public utilityâ èõ ïðèîáðåòåíèè.
companies and infrastructure operators under its laws]. 2. Any easements that may be required for the implementation of2. Ëþáîå ïðèîáðåòåíèå â ïðèíóäèòåëüíîì ïîðÿäêå çåìåëüíîãî ó÷àñòêà, êîòîðûé ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòüñÿ äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà, ïðîâîäèòñÿ â
the project shall be created in accordance with [the enacting Stateñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå âîïðîñû ïðèîáðåòåíèÿ ÷àñòíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè ïóáëè÷íûìè îðãàíàìè â ïðèíóäèòåëüíîì ïîðÿäêå â ïóáëè÷íûõ
indicates the provisions of its laws that govern the creation of easementsèíòåðåñàõ].
for reasons of public interest].Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 33. Ñåðâèòóòû
4040
The right to transit on or through adjacent property for project-related purposes or to do work(ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 45 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêò 30)
on such property may be acquired by the concessionaire directly or may be compulsorily acquired byÂàðèàíò À
a public authority simultaneously with the project site. A somewhat different alternative, which is1. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê èëè äðóãîé ïóáëè÷íûé îðãàí â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâîì è óñëîâèÿìè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ïðåäîñòàâëÿåò â ðàñïîðÿæåíèå êîíöåññèîíåðà ïðàâî âñòóïàòü íà òåððèòîðèþ, íàõîäÿùóþñÿ â ñîáñòâåííîñòè òðåòüèõ ñòîðîí, îñóùåñòâëÿòü òðàíçèòíûå ïåðåâîçêè ïî ýòîé òåððèòîðèè è ïðîèçâîäèòü íà íåé ðàáîòû èëè
reflected in variant B, might be for the law itself to empower public service providers to enter, passóñòàíàâëèâàòü ñîîðóæåíèÿ, êàê ýòî óìåñòíî è òðåáóåòñÿ äëÿ öåëåé îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà, èëè, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, îêàçûâàåò êîíöåññèîíåðó
through or do work or fix installations upon the property of third parties, as required for the construction, operation and maintenance of public infrastructure (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV,ïîìîùü â ïîëüçîâàíèè ýòèì ïðàâîì â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå
“Construction and operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 30-32).Part two. Model legislative provisions 25 Model provision 34. Financial arrangements (see the Legislative Guide, recommendations 46, 47 and 48 and chap. IV, paras. 33-51) 1. The concessionaire shall have the right to charge, receive or collect tariffs or fees for the use of the facility or its services in accordance with theãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå ñåðâèòóòû è äðóãèå àíàëîãè÷íûå ïðàâà, êîòîðûìè ïîëüçóþòñÿ êîìïàíèè – ïîñòàâùèêè îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã è îïåðàòîðû
concession contract, which shall provide for methods and formulas for theèíôðàñòðóêòóðû â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ åå çàêîíàìè].
establishment and adjustment of those tariffs or fees [in accordance with the40
rules established by the competent regulatory agency].Ïðàâî íà òðàíçèòíûé ïðîåçä ïî ïðèëåãàþùåé òåððèòîðèè, ïðèíàäëåæàùåé òðåòüèì ñòîðîíàì, èëè ÷åðåç òàêóþ òåððèòîðèþ äëÿ ñâÿçàííûõ ñ ïðîåêòîì öåëåé èëè íà âûïîëíåíèå ðàáîò íà
41òàêîé òåððèòîðèè ìîæåò áûòü ïðèîáðåòåíî ñàìèì êîíöåññèîíåðîì èëè ìîæåò áûòü ïðèîáðåòåíî
2. The contracting authority shall have the power to agree to makeïóáëè÷íûì îðãàíîì â ïðèíóäèòåëüíîì ïîðÿäêå îäíîâðåìåííî ñ ïðèîáðåòåíèåì ñòðîèòåëüíîé
direct payments to the concessionaire as a substitute for, or in addition to,ïëîùàäêè. Íåñêîëüêî èíîé àëüòåðíàòèâíûé ïîäõîä, êîòîðûé îòðàæåí â âàðèàíòå Â, ìîæåò çàêëþ÷àòüñÿ â òîì, ÷òî â ñàìîì çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå áóäåò ïðåäóñìàòðèâàòüñÿ ïðàâî ïîñòàâùèêîâ îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã íà äîñòóï ê ó÷àñòêàì, íàõîäÿùèìñÿ â ñîáñòâåííîñòè òðåòüèõ ñòîðîí, ïðîåçä ïî òàêèì
tariffs or fees for the use of the facility or its services.ó÷àñòêàì è ïðîâåäåíèå íà íèõ ðàáîò èëè óñòàíîâêó îáúåêòîâ, êàê ýòî íåîáõîäèìî äëÿ ñîîðóæåíèÿ,
Model provision 35. Security interests (see the Legislative Guide,ýêñïëóàòàöèè è ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîãî îáñëóæèâàíèÿ îáúåêòîâ ïóáëè÷íîé èíôðàñòðóêòóðû
recommendation 49 and chap. IV, paras. 52-61)(ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó IV “Ñîîðóæåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû: çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ðàìêè è ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”, ïóíêòû 30–32).×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 29
1. Subject to any restriction that may be contained in the concessionÂàðèàíò Â
contract,1. Êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî âñòóïàòü íà òåððèòîðèþ, íàõîäÿùóþñÿ â ñîáñòâåííîñòè òðåòüèõ ñòîðîí, îñóùåñòâëÿòü òðàíçèòíûå ïåðåâîçêè ïî ýòîé òåððèòîðèè è ïðîèçâîäèòü íà íåé ðàáîòû èëè óñòàíàâëèâàòü
42ñîîðóæåíèÿ, êàê ýòî óìåñòíî è òðåáóåòñÿ äëÿ öåëåé îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå ñåðâèòóòû è äðóãèå
the concessionaire has the right to create security interests over anyàíàëîãè÷íûå ïðàâà, êîòîðûìè ïîëüçóþòñÿ êîìïàíèè – ïîñòàâùèêè
of its assets, rights or interests, including those relating to the infrastructureîáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã è îïåðàòîðû èíôðàñòðóêòóðû â ñîîòâåòñòâèè
project, as required to secure any financing needed for the project, including,ñ åå çàêîíàìè].
in particular, the following:2. Ëþáîé ñåðâèòóò, êîòîðûé ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòüñÿ äëÿ îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ ïðîåêòà, ñîçäàåòñÿ â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ... [ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî óêàçûâàåò ïîëîæåíèÿ ñâîåãî çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå
(a) Security over movable or immovable property owned by theñîçäàíèå ñåðâèòóòîâ â ïóáëè÷íûõ èíòåðåñàõ].
concessionaire or its interests in project assets;Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 34. Ôèíàíñîâûå ìåõàíèçìû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèè 46, 47 è 48 è
(b) A pledge of the proceeds of, and receivables owed to theãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 33–51)
concessionaire for, the use of the facility or the services it provides.1. Êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî óñòàíàâëèâàòü, ïîëó÷àòü èëè âçèìàòü òàðèôû èëè ñáîðû çà èñïîëüçîâàíèå îáúåêòà èëè ñâîè óñëóãè â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ
2. The shareholders of the concessionaire shall have the right to pledgeêîíöåññèîííûì äîãîâîðîì, â êîòîðîì ïðåäóñìàòðèâàþòñÿ ìåòîäû è ôîðìóëû
or create any other security interest in their shares in the concessionaire.äëÿ ðàñ÷åòà è êîððåêòèðîâêè òàêèõ òàðèôîâ èëè ñáîðîâ [â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ
3. No security under paragraph 1 may be created over public propertyïðàâèëàìè, óñòàíîâëåííûìè êîìïåòåíòíûì ðåãóëèðóþùèì ó÷ðåæäåíèåì]
or other property, assets or rights needed for the provision of a public service,41
where the creation of such security is prohibited by the law of [the enacting.
State].2. Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê èìååò ïîëíîìî÷èÿ ñîãëàøàòüñÿ íà îñóùåñòâëåíèå ïðÿìûõ ïëàòåæåé êîíöåññèîíåðó â êà÷åñòâå çàìåíû òàðèôîâ èëè ñáîðîâ çà èñïîëüçîâàíèå îáúåêòà èëè óñëóãè èëè â äîïîëíåíèå ê òàêèì òàðèôàì
41èëè ñáîðàì.
Tolls, fees, prices or other charges accruing to the concessionaire, which are referred to in the41
Legislative Guide as “tariffs”, may be the main (sometimes even the sole) source of revenue to recoverÏëàòà, ñòàâêè âîçíàãðàæäåíèÿ, öåíû èëè äðóãèå ñáîðû, êîòîðûå ïðè÷èòàþòñÿ êîíöåññèîíåðó è êîòîðûå â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ íàçûâàþòñÿ “òàðèôàìè”, ìîãóò áûòü
the investment made in the project in the absence of subsidies or payments by the contractingîñíîâíûì (à èíîãäà è åäèíñòâåííûì) èñòî÷íèêîì ïîñòóïëåíèé äëÿ âîçâðàòà èíâåñòèöèé, ïðîèçâåäåííûõ â ïðîåêò, â îòñóòñòâèå ñóáñèäèé è ïëàòåæåé ñî ñòîðîíû îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà èëè äðóãèõ
authority or other public authorities (see the Legislative Guide, chap. II, “Project risks and governmentïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó II “Ðèñêè, ñâÿçàííûå ñ
support”, paras. 30-60).ïðîåêòàìè, è ïðàâèòåëüñòâåííàÿ ïîääåðæêà”, ïóíêòû 30–60).
The cost at which public services are provided is typically an element of theÏëàòà çà ïðåäîñòàâëåíèå îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã, êàê ïðàâèëî, ÿâëÿåòñÿ ýëåìåíòîì ïîëèòèêè ïðàâèòåëüñòâà â îòíîøåíèè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû
Government’s infrastructure policy and a matter of immediate concern for large sections of the public.è íåïîñðåäñòâåííî çàòðàãèâàåò øèðîêèå ñëîè íàñåëåíèÿ. Òàêèì îáðàçîì, âî ìíîãèõ ñòðàíàõ ðàìêè
Thus, the regulatory framework for the provision of public services in many countries includes specialðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ îáùåäîñòóïíûõ óñëóã âêëþ÷àþò ñïåöèàëüíûå íîðìû, êàñàþùèåñÿ
tariff-control rules.êîíòðîëÿ íàä òàðèôàìè.
Furthermore, statutory provisions or general rules of law in some legal systemsÊðîìå òîãî, çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ èëè îáùèå íîðìû ïðàâà â
establish parameters for pricing goods or services, for instance by requiring that charges meet certainíåêîòîðûõ ïðàâîâûõ ñèñòåìàõ óñòàíàâëèâàþò ïàðàìåòðû öåíîîáðàçîâàíèÿ â îòíîøåíèè òîâàðîâ èëè óñëóã è òðåáóþò, íàïðèìåð, ÷òîáû ñáîðû îòâå÷àëè îïðåäåëåííûì ñòàíäàðòàì “ðàçóìíîñòè”,
standards of “reasonableness”, “fairness” or “equity” (see the Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and operation of infrastructure: legislative framework and project agreement”, paras. 36-46).“÷åñòíîñòè” èëè “ñïðàâåäëèâîñòè” (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó IV “Ñîîðóæåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû: çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ðàìêè è ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”, ïóíêòû 36–46).30 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
42Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 35. Îáåñïå÷èòåëüíûå èíòåðåñû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 49 è
These restrictions may, in particular, concern the enforcement of the rights or interests relatingãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 52–61) 1. Ñ ó÷åòîì ëþáûõ îãðàíè÷åíèé, êîòîðûå ìîãóò ñîäåðæàòüñÿ â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå
to assets of the infrastructure project.26 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects42
Model provision 36. Assignment of the concession contract (see the, êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî ñîçäàâàòü îáåñïå÷èòåëüíûå
Legislative Guide, recommendation 50 and chap. IV, paras. 62èíòåðåñû â ëþáûõ ñâîèõ àêòèâàõ, ïðàâàõ èëè èíòåðåñàõ, âêëþ÷àÿ òå èç íèõ,
and 63)êîòîðûå ñâÿçàíû ñ ïðîåêòîì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, êàê ýòî òðåáóåòñÿ äëÿ
Except as otherwise provided in model provision 35, the rights and obligations of the concessionaire under the concession contract may not be assigned to third parties without the consent of the contracting authority. Theîáåñïå÷åíèÿ ëþáîãî ôèíàíñèðîâàíèÿ, íåîáõîäèìîãî äëÿ ïðîåêòà, âêëþ÷àÿ, â
concession contract shall set forth the conditions under which the contracting÷àñòíîñòè, ñëåäóþùåå:
authority shall give its consent to an assignment of the rights and obligationsà) îáåñïå÷åíèå â äâèæèìîì èëè íåäâèæèìîì èìóùåñòâå, ïðèíàäëåæàùåì êîíöåññèîíåðó, èëè â åãî èíòåðåñàõ â ïðîåêòíûõ àêòèâàõ;
of the concessionaire under the concession contract, including the acceptanceb) çàëîã ïîñòóïëåíèé è äåáèòîðñêîé çàäîëæåííîñòè, ïðè÷èòàþùåéñÿ
by the new concessionaire of all obligations thereunder and evidence of theêîíöåññèîíåðó â ñâÿçè ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì îáúåêòà èëè ïðåäîñòàâëÿåìûìè èì
new concessionaire’s technical and financial capability as necessary foróñëóãàìè.
providing the service.2. Àêöèîíåðû êîìïàíèè-êîíöåññèîíåðà èìåþò ïðàâî íà çàëîã èëè ñîçäàíèå ëþáîãî äðóãîãî îáåñïå÷èòåëüíîãî èíòåðåñà â ñâîèõ àêöèÿõ êîìïàíèèêîíöåññèîíåðà.
Model provision 37. Transfer of controlling interest3. Íèêàêîå îáåñïå÷åíèå ñîãëàñíî ïóíêòó 1 íå ìîæåò áûòü ñîçäàíî â
43ïóáëè÷íîé ñîáñòâåííîñòè èëè äðóãîì èìóùåñòâå, àêòèâàõ èëè ïðàâàõ, íåîáõîäèìûõ äëÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ îáùåäîñòóïíîé óñëóãè, â òåõ ñëó÷àÿõ, êîãäà ñîçäàíèå
in theòàêîãî îáåñïå÷åíèÿ çàïðåùàåòñÿ çàêîíîì [ïðèíèìàþùåãî ãîñóäàðñòâà]. Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 36. Óñòóïêà êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 50 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 62 è 63) Åñëè èíîå íå ïðåäóñìîòðåíî â òèïîâîì ïîëîæåíèè 35, ïðàâà è îáÿçàòåëüñòâà êîíöåññèîíåðà ñîãëàñíî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó íå ìîãóò áûòü óñòóïëåíû òðåòüèì ñòîðîíàì áåç ñîãëàñèÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà.  êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå îãîâàðèâàþòñÿ óñëîâèÿ, ïðè êîòîðûõ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê äàåò ñâîå ñîãëàñèå íà óñòóïêó ïðàâ è îáÿçàòåëüñòâ êîíöåññèîíåðà ñîãëàñíî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó, âêëþ÷àÿ âîïðîñû ïðèíÿòèÿ íà ñåáÿ íîâûì êîíöåññèîíåðîì âñåõ îáÿçàòåëüñòâ ïî ýòîìó äîãîâîðó è ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ äîêàçàòåëüñòâ íàëè÷èÿ ó íîâîãî êîíöåññèîíåðà òåõíè÷åñêèõ è ôèíàíñîâûõ âîçìîæíîñòåé, íåîáõîäèìûõ äëÿ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé óñëóãè. 42 Ýòè îãðàíè÷åíèÿ ìîãóò, â ÷àñòíîñòè, çàòðàãèâàòü ïðèíóäèòåëüíóþ çàùèòó ïðàâ èëè èíòåðåñîâ, ñâÿçàííûõ ñ àêòèâàìè ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 31 Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 37. Ïåðåäà÷à êîíòðîëüíîãî ïàêåòà 43 àêöèé
concessionaire (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 51 and chap. IV, paras. 64-68)êîìïàíèè-êîíöåññèîíåðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 51 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 64–68)
Except as otherwise provided in the concession contract, a controllingÅñëè èíîå íå ïðåäóñìîòðåíî â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå, êîíòðîëüíûé
interest in the concessionaire may not be transferred to third parties without the consent of the contracting authority. The concession contract shall set forth the conditions under which consent of the contracting authority shall be given. Model provision 38. Operation of infrastructure (see the Legislativeïàêåò àêöèé êîìïàíèè-êîíöåññèîíåðà íå ìîæåò áûòü ïåðåäàí òðåòüèì ñòîðîíàì áåç ñîãëàñèÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà.  êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå îãîâàðèâàþòñÿ óñëîâèÿ, ïðè êîòîðûõ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê äàåò ñâîå ñîãëàñèå.
Guide, recommendation 53 and chap. IV, paras. 80-93 (for para. 1) and recommendation 55 and chap. IV, paras. 96 and 97 (for para. 2))Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 38. Ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 53 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 80–93 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 1) è ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 55 è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 96 è 97 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïóíêòó 2))
1. The concession contract shall set forth, as appropriate, the extent of1. Â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå óñòàíàâëèâàåòñÿ, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî,
the concessionaire’s obligations to ensure:îáúåì îáÿçàòåëüñòâ êîíöåññèîíåðà ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ:
(a) The modification of the service so as to meet the demand for the service;à) ïðèñïîñîáëåíèÿ ïàðàìåòðîâ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóãè äëÿ óäîâëåòâîðåíèÿ ñïðîñà íà íåå;
(b) The continuity of the service;b) íåïðåðûâíîñòè ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóãè;
(c) The provision of the service under essentially the same conditions forc) ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóãè âñåì ïîëüçîâàòåëÿì íà ïðàêòè÷åñêè îäíèõ è
all users;òåõ æå óñëîâèÿõ;
(d) The non-discriminatory access, as appropriate, of other service providers to any public infrastructure network operated by the concessionaire.d) íåäèñêðèìèíàöèîííîãî äîñòóïà, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî, äðóãèõ ïîñòàâùèêîâ óñëóã ê ëþáîé ñåòè ïóáëè÷íîé èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ýêñïëóàòèðóåìîé êîíöåññèîíåðîì.
432. Êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî ââîäèòü, ïî ñîãëàñîâàíèþ ñ îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì èëè ðåãóëèðóþùèì ó÷ðåæäåíèåì, ïðàâèëà, ðåãóëèðóþùèå èñïîëüçîâàíèå îáúåêòà, è îáåñïå÷èâàòü èõ ñîáëþäåíèå.
The notion of “controlling interest” generally refers to the power to appoint the managementÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 39. Êîìïåíñàöèÿ â ñâÿçè ñ êîíêðåòíûìè
of a corporation and influence or determine its business.èçìåíåíèÿìè â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå (ñì.
Different criteria may be used in various legalÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 58, ïîäïóíêò ñ), è ãëàâó IV,
systems or even in different bodies of law within the same legal system, ranging from formal criteriaïóíêòû 122–125)
attributing a controlling interest to the ownership of a certain amount (typically more than 50 per cent) êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå óñòàíàâëèâàåòñÿ îáúåì, â êîòîðîì êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî íà êîìïåíñàöèþ â ñëó÷àå, åñëè çàòðàòû íà èñïîëíåíèå êîí43
of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of a corporation to more complex criteriaÏîíÿòèå “êîíòðîëüíûé ïàêåò” îáû÷íî ïîäðàçóìåâàåò ïîëíîìî÷èÿ íàçíà÷àòü àäìèíèñòðàöèþ êîðïîðàöèè è îêàçûâàòü âëèÿíèå íà åå êîììåð÷åñêèå îïåðàöèè èëè îïðåäåëÿòü òàêèå îïåðàöèè.  ðàçëè÷íûõ ïðàâîâûõ ñèñòåìàõ èëè äàæå â ðàçëè÷íûõ ñâîäàõ ïðàâîâûõ ïîëîæåíèé â ðàìêàõ
that take into account the actual management structure of a corporation. Enacting States that do notîäíîé è òîé æå ïðàâîâîé ñèñòåìû ìîãóò ïðèìåíÿòüñÿ ðàçíûå êðèòåðèè, íà÷èíàÿ îò ôîðìàëüíûõ
have a statutory definition of “controlling interest” may need to define the term in regulations issuedêðèòåðèåâ ïðèçíàíèÿ êîíòðîëüíûì ïàêåòîì íàëè÷èÿ òàêîé ñèòóàöèè, êîãäà â ñîáñòâåííîñòè êàêîãîëèáî ëèöà íàõîäèòñÿ îïðåäåëåííîå êîëè÷åñòâî àêöèé (îáû÷íî áîëåå 50 ïðîöåíòîâ), ðàññ÷èòàííîå
to implement the model provision.Part two. Model legislative provisions 27èñõîäÿ èç îáùåé ñîâîêóïíîñòè ãîëîñîâ, ïðèíàäëåæàùèõ âñåì êëàññàì àêöèé êàêîé-ëèáî êîðïîðàöèè, è äî áîëåå ñëîæíûõ êðèòåðèåâ, ó÷èòûâàþùèõ ôàêòè÷åñêóþ óïðàâëåí÷åñêóþ ñòðóêòóðó êîðïîðàöèè. Ïðèíèìàþùèì ãîñóäàðñòâàì, â êîòîðûõ îòñóòñòâóåò çàêîíîäàòåëüíîå îïðåäåëåíèå ïîíÿòèÿ “êîíòðîëüíîãî ïàêåòà”, âîçìîæíî, ïîòðåáóåòñÿ îïðåäåëèòü ýòîò òåðìèí â ïðàâèëàõ,
2. The concessionaire shall have the right to issue and enforce rulesïðèíèìàåìûõ âî èñïîëíåíèå äàííîãî òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ.32 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
governing the use of the facility, subject to the approval of the contractingöåññèîíåðîì êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ñóùåñòâåííî âîçðîñëè èëè ñòîèìîñòü,
authority or a regulatory body.êîòîðóþ êîíöåññèîíåð ïîëó÷àåò îò òàêîãî èñïîëíåíèÿ, ñóùåñòâåííî ñîêðàòèëàñü ïî ñðàâíåíèþ ñ ïåðâîíà÷àëüíî ïðåäóñìàòðèâàâøèìèñÿ çàòðàòàìè è ñòîèìîñòüþ â ðåçóëüòàòå èçìåíåíèé â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå èëè ðåãóëèðîâàíèè, íåïîñðåäñòâåííî çàòðàãèâàþùèõ îáúåêò èíôðàñòðóêòóðû èëè ïðåäîñòàâëÿåìûå
Model provision 39. Compensation for specific changes in legislationóñëóãè.
(see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 58, subpara. (c), andÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 40. Ïåðåñìîòð êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
chap. IV, paras. 122-125)(ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 58, ïîäïóíêò ñ), è ãëàâó IV, ïóíêòû 126–130)
The concession contract shall set forth the extent to which the1. Áåç óùåðáà äëÿ òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 39 â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå
concessionaire is entitled to compensation in the event that the cost of theäàëåå óñòàíàâëèâàåòñÿ îáúåì, â êîòîðîì êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî õîäàòàéñòâîâàòü î ïåðåñìîòðå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà â öåëÿõ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ åìó
concessionaire’s performance of the concession contract has substantiallyêîìïåíñàöèè â ñëó÷àå, åñëè çàòðàòû íà èñïîëíåíèå êîíöåññèîíåðîì êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ñóùåñòâåííî âîçðîñëè èëè ñòîèìîñòü, êîòîðóþ êîíöåññèîíåð ïîëó÷àåò îò òàêîãî èñïîëíåíèÿ, ñóùåñòâåííî ñîêðàòèëàñü ïî ñðàâíåíèþ ñ
increased or that the value that the concessionaire receives for such performance has substantially diminished, as compared with the costs and the value ofïåðâîíà÷àëüíî ïðåäóñìàòðèâàâøèìèñÿ çàòðàòàìè è ñòîèìîñòüþ, ñâÿçàííûìè ñ
performance originally foreseen, as a result of changes in legislation or regulations specifically applicable to the infrastructure facility or the services itèñïîëíåíèåì, â ðåçóëüòàòå:
provides.à) èçìåíåíèé â ýêîíîìè÷åñêèõ èëè ôèíàíñîâûõ óñëîâèÿõ; èëè
Model provision 40. Revision of the concession contract (see theb) èçìåíåíèé â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå èëè ïðàâèëàõ, íåïîñðåäñòâåííî íå çàòðàãèâàþùèõ îáúåêò èíôðàñòðóêòóðû èëè ïðåäîñòàâëÿåìûå óñëóãè;
Legislative Guide, recommendation 58, subpara. (c), and chap. IV,ïðè óñëîâèè, ÷òî ýêîíîìè÷åñêèå, ôèíàíñîâûå, çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå èëè ðåãóëÿòèâíûå èçìåíåíèÿ:
paras. 126-130)à) ïðîèñõîäÿò ïîñëå çàêëþ÷åíèÿ äîãîâîðà;
1. Without prejudice to model provision 39, the concession contractb) ïðîèñõîäÿò âíå ñôåðû êîíòðîëÿ êîíöåññèîíåðà; è
shall further set forth the extent to which the concessionaire is entitled to añ) íîñÿò òàêîé õàðàêòåð, ÷òî êîíöåññèîíåð íå ìîã èõ ðàçóìíî ïðåäâèäåòü â ìîìåíò çàêëþ÷åíèÿ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, èëè èçáåæàòü, èëè ïðåîäîëåòü èõ ïîñëåäñòâèÿ.
revision of the concession contract with a view to providing compensation2. Â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå óñòàíàâëèâàþòñÿ ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ îáçîðà
in the event that the cost of the concessionaire’s performance of the concession contract has substantially increased or that the value that theóñëîâèé êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ïîñëå íàñòóïëåíèÿ ëþáûõ òàêèõ èçìåíåíèé. Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 41. Ïåðåõîä ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû â âåäåíèå îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî
concessionaire receives for such performance has substantially diminished, asäëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 59 è ãëàâó IV,
compared with the costs and the value of performance originally foreseen, asïóíêòû 143–146)
a result of: îáñòîÿòåëüñòâàõ, óêàçàííûõ â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå, îðãàíèçàöèÿçàêàç÷èê èìååò ïðàâî âðåìåííî âçÿòü íà ñåáÿ ôóíêöèè ïî ýêñïëóàòàöèè îáúåêòà ñ öåëüþ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ ýôôåêòèâíîãî è áåñïåðåáîéíîãî ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ óñëóã â ñëó÷àå ñåðüåçíîãî íåèñïîëíåíèÿ êîíöåññèîíåðîì åãî îáÿçàòåëüñòâ è
(a) Changes in economic or financial conditions; oråãî íåñïîñîáíîñòè èñïðàâèòü íàðóøåíèÿ â òå÷åíèå ðàçóìíîãî ñðîêà ïîñëå
(b) Changes in legislation or regulations not specifically applicable toïîëó÷åíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî óêàçàíèÿ îò îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 33
the infrastructure facility or the services it provides;Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 42. Çàìåíà êîíöåññèîíåðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 60 è ãëàâó IV,
provided that the economic, financial, legislative or regulatory changes:ïóíêòû 147–150)
(a) Occur after the conclusion of the contract;Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ñîãëàñîâàòü ñ ñóáúåêòàìè, ïðåäîñòàâëÿþùèìè ôèíàíñèðîâàíèå íà öåëè ïðîåêòà â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, è êîíöåññèîíåðîì ïðîöåäóðû çàìåíû êîíöåññèîíåðà íîâûì ñóáúåêòîì èëè ëèöîì, íàçíà÷åííûì äëÿ èñïîëíåíèÿ äåéñòâóþùåãî êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, â ñëó÷àå
(b) Are beyond the control of the concessionaire; andñåðüåçíîãî íàðóøåíèÿ ñî ñòîðîíû êîíöåññèîíåðà èëè äðóãèõ ñîáûòèé, êîòîðûå ìîãóò ïðåäñòàâëÿòü ñîáîé èíûå îñíîâàíèÿ äëÿ ïðåêðàùåíèÿ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, èëè âîçíèêíîâåíèÿ èíûõ àíàëîãè÷íûõ îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ
(c) Are of such a nature that the concessionaire could not reasonably be44
expected to have taken them into account at the time the concession contract.
was negotiated or to have avoided or overcome their consequences.IV. Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ, ïðîäëåíèå è ïðåêðàùåíèå
2. The concession contract shall establish procedures for revisingêîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
the terms of the concession contract following the occurrence of any such1. Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ è ïðîäëåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
changes.Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 43. Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ è ïðîäëåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà (ñì.
28 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure ProjectsÐóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,
Model provision 41. Takeover of an infrastructure project by theðåêîìåíäàöèþ 62 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 2–8)
contracting authority (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 59Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ êîíöåññèè óñòàíàâëèâàåòñÿ â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå.
and chap. IV, paras. 143-146)Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê íå ìîæåò ñîãëàøàòüñÿ íà ïðîäëåíèå ñðîêà äåéñòâèÿ,
Under the circumstances set forth in the concession contract, the contracting authority has the right to temporarily take over the operation of the facilityêðîìå êàê â ðåçóëüòàòå ñëåäóþùèõ îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ:
for the purpose of ensuring the effective and uninterrupted delivery of theà) çàäåðæêà â çàâåðøåíèè èëè ïðèîñòàíîâëåíèå ýêñïëóàòàöèè â ðåçóëüòàòå îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ âíå ñôåðû ðàçóìíîãî êîíòðîëÿ ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí;
service in the event of serious failure by the concessionaire to perform itsb) ïðèîñòàíîâëåíèå ïðîåêòà â ðåçóëüòàòå äåéñòâèé îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà èëè äðóãèõ ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ;
obligations and to rectify the breach within a reasonable period of time afterñ) ïîâûøåíèå èçäåðæåê â ðåçóëüòàòå òðåáîâàíèé îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà, ïåðâîíà÷àëüíî íå ïðåäóñìîòðåííûõ â êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå, åñëè êîíöåññèîíåð íå ñìîã áû âîçìåñòèòü ýòè èçäåðæêè áåç òàêîãî ïðîäëåíèÿ; èëè
having been given notice by the contracting authority to do so.44
Model provision 42. Substitution of the concessionaire (see theÇàìåíà êîíöåññèîíåðà äðóãèì ñóáúåêòîì, ïðåäëîæåííûì êðåäèòîðàìè è ïðèåìëåìûì äëÿ
Legislative Guide, recommendation 60 and chap. IV, paras. 147-150)îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ñîãëàñîâàííûìè èìè óñëîâèÿìè, ïðåñëåäóåò öåëü ïðåäîñòàâèòü ñòîðîíàì âîçìîæíîñòü èçáåæàòü ðàçðóøèòåëüíûõ ïîñëåäñòâèé ïðåêðàùåíèÿ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâó IV “Ñîîðóæåíèå è ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû: çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ðàìêè è ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”, ïóíêòû 147–150).
The contracting authority may agree with the entities extending financingÑòîðîíû ìîãóò ïîæåëàòü îáðàòèòüñÿ â ïåðâóþ î÷åðåäü ê äðóãèì ïðàêòè÷åñêèì ìåðàì, âîçìîæíî
for an infrastructure project and the concessionaire to provide for the substitution of the concessionaire by a new entity or person appointed to performâ ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîì ïîðÿäêå, íàïðèìåð ê âðåìåííîìó ïðèíÿòèþ íà ñåáÿ ôóíêöèé ïî îñóùåñòâëåíèþ ïðîåêòà êðåäèòîðàìè èëè íàçíà÷åííûì èìè âðåìåííûì óïðàâëÿþùèì èëè ê âçûñêàíèþ
under the existing concession contract upon serious breach by theîáåñïå÷åíèÿ êðåäèòîðîâ â àêöèÿõ êîìïàíèè-êîíöåññèîíåðà ïóòåì ïðîäàæè ýòèõ àêöèé òðåòüåé
concessionaire or other events that could otherwise justify the termination ofñòîðîíå, ïðèåìëåìîé äëÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà.34 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
the concession contract or other similar circumstances.d) [äðóãèå îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà, îãîâîðåííûå ïðèíèìàþùèì ãîñóäàðñòâîì]
4445
IV. Duration, extension and termination of.
the concession contract2. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
1. Duration and extension of the concession contract Model provision 43. Duration and extension of the concessionÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 44. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 62 and chap. V,îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 63 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 14–27)
paras. 2-8)Îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïðåêðàòèòü êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð:
The duration of the concession shall be set forth in the concession contract. The contracting authority may not agree to extend its duration except asà) â ñëó÷àå, êîãäà íåëüçÿ áîëåå ðàçóìíî îæèäàòü, ÷òî êîíöåññèîíåð
a result of the following circumstances:áóäåò ñïîñîáåí èëè ãîòîâ èñïîëíèòü ñâîè îáÿçàòåëüñòâà, áóäü òî ïî ïðè÷èíå
(a) Delay in completion or interruption of operation due to circumstances beyond the reasonable control of either party;íåñîñòîÿòåëüíîñòè, ñåðüåçíîãî íàðóøåíèÿ îáÿçàòåëüñòâ èëè ïî èíîé ïðè÷èíå;
(b) Project suspension brought about by acts of the contracting authorityb) â ñèëó íàñòîÿòåëüíûõ
or other public authorities;46
44ïðè÷èí, ñâÿçàííûõ ñ ïóáëè÷íûìè èíòåðåñàìè,
The substitution of the concessionaire by another entity, proposed by the lenders and acceptedïðè óñëîâèè âûïëàòû êîìïåíñàöèè êîíöåññèîíåðó â ïîðÿäêå, ñîãëàñîâàííîì â
by the contracting authority under the terms agreed by them, is intended to give the parties anêîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå;
opportunity to avert the disruptive consequences of termination of the concession contract (see theñ) [äðóãèå îáñòîÿòåëüñòâà, êîòîðûå ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî,
Legislative Guide, chap. IV, “Construction and operation of infrastructure: legislative framework andâîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò äîïîëíèòåëüíî óñòàíîâèòü].
project agreement”, paras. 147-150). The parties may wish first to resort to other practical measures,Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 45. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
possibly in a successive fashion, such as temporary takeover of the project by the lenders or by aêîíöåññèîíåðîì (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,
temporary administrator appointed by them, or enforcement of the lenders’ security over the sharesðåêîìåíäàöèþ 64 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 28–33)
of the concessionaire company by selling those shares to a third party acceptable to the contractingÊîíöåññèîíåð íå ìîæåò ïðåêðàòèòü êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð êðîìå êàê â
authority.Part two. Model legislative provisions 29ñëåäóþùèõ îáñòîÿòåëüñòâàõ:
(c) Increase in costs arising from requirements of the contracting authority not originally foreseen in the concession contract, if the concessionaireà) â ñëó÷àå ñåðüåçíîãî íàðóøåíèÿ ñî ñòîðîíû îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà
would not be able to recover such costs without such extension; orèëè äðóãîãî ïóáëè÷íîãî îðãàíà èõ îáÿçàòåëüñòâ â ñâÿçè ñ êîíöåññèîííûì
(d) [Other circumstances, as specified by the enacting State].äîãîâîðîì;
45b) åñëè óñëîâèÿ äëÿ ïåðåñìîòðà êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ñîãëàñíî
2. Termination of the concession contractïóíêòó 1 òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 40 ñîáëþäåíû, îäíàêî ñòîðîíû íå ñìîãëè äîãîâîðèòüñÿ î ïåðåñìîòðå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà; èëè
Model provision 44. Termination of the concession contract by theñ) åñëè çàòðàòû íà èñïîëíåíèå êîíöåññèîíåðîì êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà ñóùåñòâåííî âîçðîñëè èëè ñòîèìîñòü, êîòîðóþ êîíöåññèîíåð ïîëó÷àåò
contracting authority (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 63îò òàêîãî èñïîëíåíèÿ, ñóùåñòâåííî ñîêðàòèëàñü â ðåçóëüòàòå äåéñòâèé èëè
and chap. V, paras. 14-27)45
The contracting authority may terminate the concession contract:Ïðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî, âîçìîæíî, ïîæåëàåò ðàññìîòðåòü âîïðîñ î âîçìîæíîñòè ðàçðåøåíèÿ â çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ïðîäëåâàòü, íà îñíîâå ñîãëàñèÿ ñòîðîí, êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð â
(a) In the event that it can no longer be reasonably expected that theñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ åãî óñëîâèÿìè ïî ïðè÷èíàì, ñâÿçàííûì ñ ïóáëè÷íûìè èíòåðåñàìè, ïðè÷åì â
concessionaire will be able or willing to perform its obligations, owing toîò÷åòíîñòè, êîòîðóþ îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê äîëæíà âåñòè ñîãëàñíî òèïîâîìó ïîëîæåíèþ 26, íàäëåæèò óêàçàòü ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå îñíîâàíèÿ.
insolvency, serious breach or otherwise;46
(b) For compellingÂîçìîæíûå ñèòóàöèè, êîãäà âîçíèêàþò íàñòîÿòåëüíûå ïðè÷èíû, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïóáëè÷íûìè
46èíòåðåñàìè, ðàññìàòðèâàþòñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ãëàâà V “Ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ, ïðîäëåíèå è ïðåêðàùåíèå ïðîåêòíîãî ñîãëàøåíèÿ”, ïóíêò 27.×àñòü âòîðàÿ. Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ 35
reasons of public interest, subject to payment ofáåçäåéñòâèÿ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà èëè äðóãèõ ïóáëè÷íûõ îðãàíîâ, íàïðèìåð,
compensation to the concessionaire, the terms of the compensation to be asêàê îá ýòîì ãîâîðèòñÿ â ïóíêòàõ h) è i) òèïîâîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ 28, è ñòîðîíû íå
agreed in the concession contract;ñìîãëè äîãîâîðèòüñÿ î ïåðåñìîòðå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà.
(c) [Other circumstances that the enacting State might wish to add].Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 46. Ïðåêðàùåíèå êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
Model provision 45. Termination of the concession contract by theëþáîé èç ñòîðîí (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ,
concessionaire (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 64 andðåêîìåíäàöèþ 65 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 34 è 35)
chap. V, paras. 28-33)Ëþáàÿ èç ñòîðîí èìååò ïðàâî ïðåêðàòèòü êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð â ñëó÷àå, êîãäà èñïîëíåíèå åå îáÿçàòåëüñòâ ñòàíîâèòñÿ íåâîçìîæíûì â ñèëó îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ âíå ñôåðû ðàçóìíîãî êîíòðîëÿ ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí. Ñòîðîíû òàêæå
The concessionaire may not terminate the concession contract exceptèìåþò ïðàâî ïðåêðàòèòü êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð ïî îáîþäíîìó ñîãëàñèþ.
under the following circumstances:3. Ìåõàíèçìû ïî ïðåêðàùåíèè èëè èñòå÷åíèè
(a) In the event of serious breach by the contracting authority or otherêîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà
public authority of its obligations in connection with the concession contract;Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 47. Êîìïåíñàöèÿ ïî ïðåêðàùåíèè êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 67 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 43–49)
(b) If the conditions for a revision of the concession contract under êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå îãîâàðèâàåòñÿ ïîðÿäîê ðàñ÷åòà êîìïåíñàöèè, ïðè÷èòàþùåéñÿ ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí â ñëó÷àå ïðåêðàùåíèÿ êîíöåññèîííîãî äîãîâîðà, è ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåòñÿ, êîãäà ýòî óìåñòíî, êîìïåíñàöèÿ ñïðàâåäëèâîé ñòîèìîñòè ðàáîò, âûïîëíåííûõ ïî êîíöåññèîííîìó äîãîâîðó, ïðîèçâåäåííûõ çàòðàò èëè óáûòêîâ, ïîíåñåííîé ëþáîé èç ñòîðîí, âêëþ÷àÿ, åñëè ýòî
model provision 40, paragraph 1, are met, but the parties have failed to agreeóìåñòíî, óòðà÷åííóþ ïðèáûëü.
on a revision of the concession contract; orÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 48. Ýòàï çàâåðøåíèÿ è ìåðû â ïåðåõîäíûé
(c) If the cost of the concessionaire’s performance of the concessionïåðèîä (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 66 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 37–42 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïîäïóíêòó à)) è ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 68 è ãëàâó V, ïóíêòû 50–62 (ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ïîäïóíêòàì b)–d))
contract has substantially increased or the value that the concessionaire receives for such performance has substantially diminished as a result of acts or êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåòñÿ, åñëè ýòî óìåñòíî:
omissions of the contracting authority or other public authorities, for instance,à) ìåõàíèçìû è ïðîöåäóðû äëÿ ïåðåäà÷è àêòèâîâ îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó;
pursuant to model provision 28, subparagraphs (h) and (i), and the parties haveb) êîìïåíñàöèÿ, êîòîðàÿ ìîæåò ïðè÷èòàòüñÿ êîíöåññèîíåðó â ñâÿçè ñ
failed to agree on a revision of the concession contract.àêòèâàìè, ïåðåäàâàåìûìè îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó èëè íîâîìó êîíöåññèîíåðó
45èëè âûêóïàåìûìè îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì;
The enacting State may wish to consider the possibility of having the law authorize a consensual extension of the concession contract pursuant to its terms, for reasons of public interest, asñ) ïåðåäà÷à òåõíîëîãèè, íåîáõîäèìîé äëÿ ýêñïëóàòàöèè îáúåêòà;
justified in the record to be kept by the contracting authority pursuant to model provision 26.d) ïîäãîòîâêà ïåðñîíàëà îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêà èëè êîíöåññèîíåðà-ïðååìíèêà ïî âîïðîñàì ýêñïëóàòàöèè è ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîãî îáñëóæèâàíèÿ
46îáúåêòà;
Possible situations constituting a compelling reason of public interest are discussed in theå) ïðîäîëæåíèå ïðåäîñòàâëåíèÿ êîíöåññèîíåðîì âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ óñëóã è ðåñóðñîâ, âêëþ÷àÿ ïîñòàâêó çàïàñíûõ ÷àñòåé, åñëè ýòî òðåáóåòñÿ, â òå-36 ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ ïî ïðîåêòàì
Legislative Guide, chap. V, “Duration, extension and termination of the project agreement”, para. 27.30 UNCITRAL Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects÷åíèå ðàçóìíîãî ñðîêà ïîñëå ïåðåäà÷è îáúåêòà îðãàíèçàöèè-çàêàç÷èêó èëè
Model provision 46. Termination of the concession contract byêîíöåññèîíåðó-ïðååìíèêó.
either party (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 65 andV. Óðåãóëèðîâàíèå ñïîðîâ
chap. V, paras. 34 and 35)Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 49. Ñïîðû ìåæäó îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì è êîíöåññèîíåðîì (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ
Either party shall have the right to terminate the concession contract in theîðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 69 è ãëàâó VI, ïóíêòû 3–41)
event that the performance of its obligations is rendered impossible by circumstances beyond either party’s reasonable control. The parties shall also haveËþáûå ñïîðû ìåæäó îðãàíèçàöèåé-çàêàç÷èêîì è êîíöåññèîíåðîì ðàçðåøàþòñÿ ÷åðåç ìåõàíèçìû óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñïîðîâ, ñîãëàñîâàííûå ñòîðîíàìè â
the right to terminate the concession contract by mutual consent.êîíöåññèîííîì äîãîâîðå
3. Arrangements upon termination or expiry of47
the concession contract.
Model provision 47. Compensation upon termination of the concession contract (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 67 andÒèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 50. Ñïîðû ñ ó÷àñòèåì êëèåíòîâ èëè
chap. V, paras. 43-49)ïîëüçîâàòåëåé îáúåêòà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ
The concession contract shall stipulate how compensation due to eitherçàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 71 è ãëàâó VI, ïóíêòû 43–45)
party is calculated in the event of termination of the concession contract,Êîãäà êîíöåññèîíåð ïðåäîñòàâëÿåò óñëóãè íàñåëåíèþ èëè ýêñïëóàòèðóåò
providing, where appropriate, for compensation for the fair value of worksîáúåêò èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, äîñòóïíûé äëÿ íàñåëåíèÿ, îðãàíèçàöèÿ-çàêàç÷èê ìîæåò ïîòðåáîâàòü îò êîíöåññèîíåðà ñîçäàòü óïðîùåííûå è ýôôåêòèâíûå ìåõàíèçìû äëÿ ðàññìîòðåíèÿ ïðåòåíçèé, ïðåäñòàâëåííûõ åãî êëèåíòàìè èëè
performed under the concession contract, costs incurred or losses sustained byïîëüçîâàòåëÿìè îáúåêòà èíôðàñòðóêòóðû.
either party, including, as appropriate, lost profits.Òèïîâîå ïîëîæåíèå 51. Äðóãèå ñïîðû (ñì. Ðóêîâîäñòâî äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ðåêîìåíäàöèþ 70 è ãëàâó VI, ïóíêò 42)
Model provision 48. Wind-up and transfer measures (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 66 and chap. V, paras. 37-42 (for1. Êîíöåññèîíåð è åãî àêöèîíåðû èìåþò ïðàâî ñâîáîäíî âûáèðàòü íàäëåæàùèå ìåõàíèçìû äëÿ óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñïîðîâ ìåæäó ñîáîé.
subpara. (a)) and recommendation 68 and chap. V, paras. 50-622. Êîíöåññèîíåð èìååò ïðàâî ñâîáîäíî äîãîâàðèâàòüñÿ î íàäëåæàùèõ
(for subparas. (b)-(d))ìåõàíèçìàõ äëÿ óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñïîðîâ ìåæäó ñîáîé è ñâîèìè êðåäèòîðàìè,
The concession contract shall provide, as appropriate, for:ïîäðÿä÷èêàìè, ïîñòàâùèêàìè è äðóãèìè êîììåð÷åñêèìè ïàðòíåðàìè.
(a) Mechanisms and procedures for the transfer of assets to the contracting authority;47
(b) The compensation to which the concessionaire may be entitled inÏðèíèìàþùåå ãîñóäàðñòâî ìîæåò ïðåäóñìîòðåòü â ñâîåì çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâå ìåõàíèçìû
respect of assets transferred to the contracting authority or to a newóðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñïîðîâ, êîòîðûå íàèëó÷øèì îáðàçîì ïðèñïîñîáëåíû ê ïîòðåáíîñòÿì ïðîåêòîâ
concessionaire or purchased by the contracting authority;â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûõ èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ.Ðóêîâîäñòâî ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ
(c) The transfer of technology required for the operation of the facility;ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì
(d) The training of the contracting authority’s personnel or of a successor concessionaire in the operation and maintenance of the facility;èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ
(e) The provision, by the concessionaire, of continuing support servicesÊ ×ÈÒÀÒÅËÞ
and resources, including the supply of spare parts, if required, for a reasonable èþëå 2003 ãîäà Êîìèññèÿ Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî ïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè (ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË) ïðèíÿëà Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ
period after the transfer of the facility to the contracting authority or to aÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ
successor concessionaire.Part two. Model legislative provisions 31èñòî÷íèêîâ
V. Settlement of disputes1
Model provision 49. Disputes between the contracting authority and, â êà÷åñòâå äîáàâëåíèÿ ê Ðóêîâîäñòâó ÞÍÑÈÒÐÀË äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç
the concessionaire (see the Legislative Guide, recommendation 69÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, ðàáîòà íàä êîòîðûì áûëà çàâåðøåíà çà òðè ãîäà äî ýòîãî.
and chap. VI, paras. 3-41)Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíî îôîðìëÿþò ðåêîìåíäàöèè,
Any disputes between the contracting authority and the concessionaireñîäåðæàùèåñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ.
shall be settled through the dispute settlement mechanisms agreed by theÊîìèññèÿ ïðîñèëà Ñåêðåòàðèàò îáúåäèíèòü â íàäëåæàùåå âðåìÿ òåêñò Òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé è Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ
parties in the concession contract.ïî ïðîåêòàì â îáëàñòè èíôðàñòðóêòóðû, ôèíàíñèðóåìûì èç ÷àñòíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, â îäíîé ïóáëèêàöèè è ñîõðàíèòü ïðè ýòîì ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî çàêîíîäàòåëüíûì
47âîïðîñàì, ñîäåðæàùèåñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, êàê îñíîâó, íà êîòîðîé ðàçðàáàòûâàëèñü Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ.
Model provision 50. Disputes involving customers or users of the õîäå ïîäãîòîâêè Òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèé Êîìèññèÿ ïðèäåðæèâàëàñü, íàñêîëüêî ýòî âîçìîæíî, ñòðóêòóðû è òåðìèíîëîãèè, èñïîëüçîâàííûõ â
infrastructure facility (see the Legislative Guide, recommendationÐóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ.  òî æå âðåìÿ áûëè âíåñåíû íåçíà÷èòåëüíûå èçìåíåíèÿ, ñ òåì ÷òîáû èçëîæèòü òåêñò ðåêîìåíäàöèé â çàêîíîäàòåëüíîé ðåäàêöèè. Êðîìå òîãî, â Òèïîâûõ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ ïîëîæåíèÿõ ïðè íåîáõîäèìîñòè èñïîëüçóþòñÿ òåõíè÷åñêèå ïîíÿòèÿ (íàïðèìåð, “êîíöåññèîííûé äîãîâîð”) âìåñòî áîëåå îïèñàòåëüíîé òåðìèíîëîãèè, èñïîëüçîâàâøåéñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ (â äàííîì ñëó÷àå – “ïðîåêòíîå ñîãëàøåíèå”). Êîìèññèÿ
71 and chap. VI, paras. 43-45)ïðîñèëà Ñåêðåòàðèàò ïðîàíàëèçèðîâàòü è, â ñëó÷àå íåîáõîäèìîñòè, ïåðåñìîòðåòü
Where the concessionaire provides services to the public or operatesêîììåíòàðèè, ñîäåðæàùèåñÿ â Ðóêîâîäñòâå äëÿ çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, ñêîððåêòèðîâàâ èõ â òåðìèíîëîãè÷åñêîì è ñòðóêòóðíîì ïëàíå ñ Òèïîâûìè çàêîíîäàòåëüíûìè ïîëîæåíèÿìè
infrastructure facilities accessible to the public, the contracting authority may2
require the concessionaire to establish simplified and efficient mechanisms.
for handling claims submitted by its customers or users of the infrastructureÑåêðåòàðèàò îïóáëèêóåò ïåðåñìîòðåííûé ñâîäíûé òåêñò Ðóêîâîäñòâà äëÿ
facility.çàêîíîäàòåëüíûõ îðãàíîâ, âêëþ÷àþùèé Òèïîâûå çàêîíîäàòåëüíûå ïîëîæåíèÿ,
Model provision 51. Other disputes (see the Legislative Guide,â áëèæàéøåì áóäóùåì.
recommendation 70 and chap. VI, para. 42)1
1. The concessionaire and its shareholders shall be free to choose theÎôèöèàëüíûå îò÷åòû Ãåíåðàëüíîé Àññàìáëåè, ïÿòüäåñÿò âîñüìàÿ ñåññèÿ, Äîïîëíåíèå
appropriate mechanisms for settling disputes among themselves.¹ 17 (À/58/17), ïóíêò 171 (ñì. Åæåãîäíèê Êîìèññèè Îðãàíèçàöèè Îáúåäèíåííûõ Íàöèé ïî
2. The concessionaire shall be free to agree on the appropriate mechanisms for settling disputes between itself and its lenders, contractors, suppliersïðàâó ìåæäóíàðîäíîé òîðãîâëè, 2003 ãîä, ÷àñòü ïåðâàÿ).
and other business partners.2
47Òàì æå, ïóíêò 21.
The enacting State may provide in its legislation dispute settlement mechanisms that are bestPrinted in Austria
suited to the needs of privately financed infrastructure projects.Further information may be obtained from:V.03-90623–November 2004–775Further information may be obtained from:
UNCITRAL secretariatUNCITRAL secretariat
Vienna International CentreVienna International Centre
PO Box 500PO Box 500
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03-90621_Cov3_pr.pmd 05/05/2004, 13:001UNCITRALТиповые законодательные положения по проектам в области
Model Legislative Provisionsинфраструктуры, финансируемым
on Privately Financedиз частных источников
Infrastructure ProjectsПодготовлено Комиссией Организации
Prepared by the United NationsОбъединенных Наций по праву
Commission on International Trade Lawмеждународной торговли
UNITED NATIONSОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ОБЪЕДИНЕННЫХ НАЦИЙ
Printed in AustriaPrinted in Austria
V.03-90621—May 2004—3,870V.03-90623–November 2004–775
United Nations publicationUnited Nations publication
Sales No. E.Sales No. R.
04.V.04.V.
1111 ISBN 92-1-433009-3
ISBN 92-1-133583-303-90623_c1_4.qxd 29.10.2004 14:00 Page 1