E_RES_2003_40_e_E_RES_2003_40_c_EC
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E/RES/2003/40 Demand for and supply of opiates for medical and scientific purposesE/RES/2003/40 供医疗和科研之需的阿片剂的需求和供应
The Economic and Social Council, Recalling its resolution 2002/20 of 24 July 2002 and previous relevant resolutions, Emphasizing that the need to balance the global licit supply of opiates against the legitimate demand for opiates for medical and scientific purposes is central to the international strategy and policy of drug control, Noting the fundamental need for international cooperation with the traditional supplier countries in drug control to ensure universal application of the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol, Reiterating that a balance between consumption and production of opiate raw materials was achieved in the past as a result of efforts made by the two traditional supplier countries, India and Turkey, together with other producer countries, Expressing deep concern at the increase in the global production of opiate raw materials and the significant accumulation of stocks over the past few years as a consequence of the operation of market forces, which has the potential to upset the delicate balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiates for medical and scientific purposes, Noting the importance of opiates in pain relief therapy as advocated by the World Health Organization, Noting also that countries differ significantly in their level of consumption of narcotic drugs and that in most developing countries the use of narcotic drugs for medical purposes has remained at an extremely low level, 1. Urges all Governments to continue to contribute to the maintenance of a balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiate raw materials for medical and scientific purposes, the achievement of which would be facilitated by maintaining, insofar as their constitutional and legal systems permit, support to the traditional and legal supplier countries, and to cooperate in preventing the proliferation of sources of production of opiate raw materials; 2. Urges Governments of all producer countries to adhere strictly to the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol, to take effective measures to prevent illicit production or diversion of opiate raw materials to illicit channels, especially when increasing licit production, and welcomes the study carried out by the International Narcotics Control Board on the relative merits of different methods of producing opiate raw materials; 3. Urges Governments of consumer countries to assess their licit needs for opiate raw materials realistically and to communicate those needs to the International Narcotics Control Board in order to ensure easy supply, and requests the Governments of producer countries to ensure that their future production of opiate raw materials is adjusted to conform to the actual requirements for opiate raw materials worldwide, bearing in mind the current level of global stocks of opiate raw materials, and to cooperate in preventing the proliferation of sources of production of opiate raw materials; 4. Commends the International Narcotics Control Board for its efforts in monitoring the implementation of the relevant Economic and Social Council resolutions and, in particular: (a) In urging the Governments concerned to adjust global production of opiate raw materials to a level corresponding to actual licit needs and to avoid unforeseen imbalances between the licit supply of and demand for opiates caused by the exportation of products manufactured from seized and confiscated drugs; (b) In inviting the Governments concerned to ensure that opiates imported into their countries for medical and scientific use do not originate in countries that transform seized and confiscated drugs into licit opiates; (c) In arranging informal meetings, during the sessions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, with the main States that import and produce opiate raw materials; 5. Requests the International Narcotics Control Board to continue its efforts in monitoring the implementation of the relevant Economic and Social Council resolutions in full compliance with the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and with that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol; 6. Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the text of the present resolution to all Governments for consideration and implementation and to report to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at its forty-seventh session on progress made in the implementation of the present resolution. 44th plenary meeting 22 July 2003 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515. Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152. Ibid., vol. 520, No. 7515. Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152. --- 2 1 United Nations E/2003/INF/2/Add.4经济及社会理事会,
Economic and Social Council回顾其2002年7月24日第2002/20号决议及以前有关决议, 强调指出,平衡兼顾阿片剂全球合法供应与对医疗和科研用阿片剂的合法需求是国际药物管制战略和政策的中心问题, 注意到十分需要同传统供应国开展药物管制方面的国际合作,以确保《1961年麻醉品单一公约》 和经1972年议定书修正的该公约 规定的普遍适用, 重申由于印度和土耳其这两个传统供应国同其他生产国一道努力的结果,以往实现了鸦片原料消费与生产的平衡, 关切地注意到,由于市场力量运作的结果,过去几年来鸦片原料的全球生产有增无已而且库存大量积累,这有可能破坏医疗和科研用阿片剂合法供应与合法需求间的微妙平衡, 注意到阿片剂在世界卫生组织所提倡的减轻痛楚疗法中的重要性, 并注意到麻醉药品消费水平因国家的不同而有很大的不同,而且,在多数发展中国家,医疗用麻醉药品的使用仍保持在极低的水平上, 1. 促请各国政府继续促进医疗和科研用鸦片原料的合法供应与需求的平衡,可通过在其宪法和法律制度许可的范围内继续支持传统的合法供应国和开展合作防止鸦片原料生产源的扩散来达到这一目的; 2. 促请所有生产国政府严格遵守《1961年麻醉品单一公约》 和经1972年议定书修正的该公约 的规定,采取有效措施防止鸦片原料的非法生产或转入非法渠道,特别是在合法生产增加时,并欢迎国际麻醉品管制局对鸦片原料的各种生产方法的利弊进行的研究; 3. 促请消费国政府现实地评估其对鸦片原料的合法需要量,并将需要情况通报国际麻醉品管制局,以确保顺利供应,并请生产国政府在考虑到鸦片原料全球现有库存水平的情况下切实调整其鸦片原料的未来生产量,以便与鸦片原料世界实际需要量相一致,并开展合作以防止鸦片原料生产源的扩散; 4. 赞扬麻管局在监测经社理事会相关决议执行情况方面所做的努力,特别是在下述方面: (a) 促请有关政府将鸦片原料全球生产调整到与实际合法需要相当的水平,并避免利用缉获和没收毒品制成的产品的出口所造成的、阿片剂合法供应与需求间的难以预料的不平衡; (b) 请有关政府确保其为医疗和科研目的进口的阿片剂不是源于那些将缉获和没收毒品转化或合法阿片剂的国家; (c) 在麻醉药品委员会届会期间安排同鸦片原料主要进口国和生产国的非正式会议; 5. 请国际麻醉品管制局继续努力监测经社理事会相关决议的执行情况,以确保《1961年麻醉品单一公约》和经1972年议定书修正的该公约的规定得到充分遵守; 6. 请秘书长将本决议转送各国政府审议和实施,并向麻醉药品委员会第四十七届会议报告本决议执行进展情况。 2003年7月22日 第44次全体会议 联合国《条约汇编》,第520卷,第7515号。 同上,第976卷,第14152号。 同上,第520卷,第7515号。 同上,第976卷,第14152号。 --- 2 1 联合国 E/2003/INF/2/Add.4 经济及社会理事会
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