E_RES_2006_34_e_E_RES_2006_34_c_EC
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E/RES/2006/34 The need for a balance between demand for and supply of opiates used to meet medical and scientific needsE/RES/2006/34 医疗和科研所需鸦片制剂供求平衡的必要性
The Economic and Social Council,经济及社会理事会,
Recalling its resolution 2005/26 of 22 July 2005 and previous relevant resolutions,回顾其2005年7月22日第2005/26号决议和以往的有关决议,
Recognizing that the medical use of narcotic drugs, including opiates, is indispensable for the relief of pain and suffering,承认将包括鸦片制剂在内的麻醉药品用于医疗对减除痛楚和痛苦必不可少,
Emphasizing that the need for a balance between the global licit supply of opiates and the legitimate demand for opiates used to meet medical and scientific needs is central to the international strategy and policy of drug control,强调平衡鸦片制剂全球合法供应与供医疗和科研之需的鸦片制剂的合法需求,是国际药物管制战略和政策的中心问题,
Noting the fundamental need for international cooperation with the traditional supplier countries in drug control to ensure universal application of the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol,注意到同传统供应国开展药物管制方面国际合作的根本必要性,以确保1961年《麻醉品单一公约》 和经《1972年议定书》 修正的该公约各项规定的普遍适用,
Reiterating that a balance between consumption and production of opiate raw materials was achieved in the past as a result of efforts made by the two traditional supplier countries, India and Turkey, together with established supplier countries,重申由于印度和土耳其这两个传统供应国同公认的供应国一道努力的结果,以往实现了鸦片制剂原料消费与生产的平衡,
Expressing deep concern at the increase in the global production of opiate raw materials and the significant accumulation of stocks over the past few years as a consequence of the operation of market forces, which has the potential to upset the delicate balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiates to meet medical and scientific needs,深感关切地注意到由于市场力量运作的结果,过去几年来鸦片制剂原料的全球生产有所增加以及库存的大量积累,有可能破坏用于供医疗和科研之需的鸦片制剂合法供应与合法需求间的微妙平衡,
Emphasizing the importance of the system of estimates, based on actual consumption and utilization of narcotic drugs, furnished to and confirmed by the International Narcotics Control Board on the extent of cultivation and production of opiate raw materials, in particular in view of the current oversupply,强调以麻醉药品实际消费和使用情况为基础的、向国际麻醉品管制局提供并经其确认的有关鸦片制剂原料种植和生产规模的估计数的制度非常重要,特别是考虑到目前供应过量的情况,
Recalling the Joint Ministerial Statement adopted during the ministerial segment of the forty-sixth session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, in which ministers and other Government representatives called upon States to continue to contribute to the maintenance of a balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiate raw materials used for medical and scientific purposes and to cooperate in preventing the proliferation of sources of production of opiate raw materials,回顾麻醉药品委员会第四十六届会议部长级会议期间通过的《部长联合声明》, 其中部长们和其他政府代表呼吁各国继续促进在供医疗和科研之需的鸦片制剂原料的合法供应与需求之间保持平衡,并在防止鸦片制剂原料生产来源扩散方面给予合作,
Considering that opiate raw materials and the opiates derived from them are not just ordinary commodities that can be subjected to the operation of market forces and that, therefore, market economy considerations alone should not determine the extent of cultivation of opium poppy,考虑到鸦片制剂原料和以其制成的鸦片制剂不仅仅是可服从于市场力量运作的普通商品,因此,决定罂粟种植规模的不应只是市场经济方面的考虑,
Reiterating the importance of the medical use of opiates in pain relief therapy, as advocated by the World Health Organization,重申按世界卫生组织的建议在医疗上使用鸦片制剂进行减轻痛楚治疗的重要性,
Noting that countries differ significantly in their level of licit demand for narcotic drugs and that in most developing countries the use of narcotic drugs for medical purposes has remained at an extremely low level,注意到麻醉药品合法需求水平各国大不相同,而且,在多数发展中国家,医疗用麻醉药品的使用仍处于极低水平,
1.1.
Urges all Governments to continue to contribute to maintaining a balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiate raw materials used for medical and scientific purposes, supporting traditional and established supplier countries, and to cooperate in preventing the proliferation of sources of production of opiate raw materials;促请各国政府继续促进维持医疗和科研之需鸦片制剂原料合法供应与需求之间的平衡,同时支持传统和公认供应国,并开展合作防止鸦片制剂原料生产源的扩散;
2.2.
Urges Governments of all producer countries to adhere strictly to the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961142 and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol,143 and to take effective measures to prevent the illicit production or diversion of opiate raw materials to illicit channels, and encourages improvements in practices in the cultivation of opium poppy and production of opiate raw materials;促请所有生产国政府严格遵守1961年《麻醉品单一公约》 和经1972年议定书 修正的该公约的规定,并采取有效措施防止鸦片制剂原料非法生产或转入非法渠道,同时鼓励改进种植罂粟和生产鸦片制剂原料的做法;
3.3.
Urges Governments of consumer countries to assess their licit needs for opiate raw materials realistically on the basis of actual consumption and utilization of opiate raw materials and the opiates derived from them and to communicate those needs to the International Narcotics Control Board in order to ensure effective supply, calls on Governments of countries producing opium to limit the cultivation of opium poppy, taking into account the current level of global stocks, to the estimates furnished to and confirmed by the Board, in accordance with the requirements of the 1961 Convention, and urges that, in providing estimates of such cultivation, producer countries consider the actual demand requirements of importing countries;促请消费国政府在鸦片制剂原料和以其制成的鸦片制剂实际消费和使用情况的基础上现实地评估本国对鸦片制剂原料的合法需要量,并将这些需要量通报国际麻醉品管制局,以确保有效供应,吁请鸦片制剂生产国政府按照《1961年公约》的要求在考虑到全球目前储量的情况下将罂粟的种植范围限制在报给麻管局后得到其确认的估计数范围内,并吁请生产国在提供此类种植估计数时考虑到进口国的实际需求量;
4.4.
Endorses the concern expressed by the International Narcotics Control Board in its report for 2005 regarding the advocacy by a non-governmental organization of legalization of opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan, and urges all Governments to resist such proposals and to continue to strengthen drug control in compliance with their obligations emanating from the international drug control treaties;赞同国际麻醉品管制局在其2005年报告 中对某一非政府组织提出的关于阿富汗罂粟种植合法化的主张所表达的关切,同时促请所有国家的政府抵制这种提议并继续本着各项国际药物管制条约对其规定的义务加强药物管制工作;
5.5.
Urges all the Governments of countries where opium poppy has not been cultivated for the licit production of opiate raw materials, in the spirit of collective responsibility, to refrain from engaging in the commercial cultivation of opium poppy in order to avoid the proliferation of supply sites, and calls on Governments to enact enabling legislation to prevent and prohibit the proliferation of sites used for the production of opiate raw materials;促请一切尚未种植用于合法生产鸦片制剂原料的罂粟的国家的政府,本着集体负责的精神避免从事罂粟商业种植,以防止供应点扩散,并吁请各国政府颁布赋权法规,以防止并禁止鸦片制剂原材料生产点的扩散;
6.6.
Commends the International Narcotics Control Board for its efforts in monitoring the implementation of the relevant Economic and Social Council resolutions and, in particular:赞扬国际麻醉品管制局在监测经济及社会理事会相关决议执行情况方面所作的努力,特别是在下述方面:
(a) In urging the Governments concerned to adjust global production of opiate raw materials to a level corresponding to actual licit requirements and to avoid creating imbalances between the licit supply of and demand for opiates caused by the exportation of products manufactured from seized and confiscated drugs;(a) 促请有关国家的政府将鸦片制剂原料全球生产调整到与实际合法需要相当的水平,并避免因出口用所缉获和没收毒品制成的产品而造成鸦片制剂合法供应与需求之间难以预料的不平衡;
(b) In inviting the Governments concerned to ensure that opiates imported into their countries for medical and scientific use do not originate in countries that transform seized and confiscated drugs into licit opiates;(b) 请有关国家的政府确保其为医疗和科研目的而进口的鸦片制剂不是源于那些将所缉获和没收毒品转化为合法鸦片制剂的国家;
(c) In arranging informal meetings, during the sessions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, with the main States that import and produce opiate raw materials;(c) 在麻醉药品委员会届会期间安排同鸦片制剂原料主要进口国和生产国的非正式会议;
7.7.
Requests the International Narcotics Control Board to continue its efforts to monitor the implementation of the relevant Economic and Social Council resolutions in full compliance with the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol;请国际麻醉品管制局继续努力监测经济及社会理事会相关决议的执行情况,以确保1961年《麻醉品单一公约》和经1972年议定书修正的该公约得到充分遵守;
8.8.
Requests the Secretary-General to transmit the text of the present resolution to all Governments for consideration and implementation.请秘书长将本决议转发各国政府供其考虑和实施。
41st plenary meeting 27 July 20062006年7月27日 第41次全体会议
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.联合国《条约汇编》,第520卷,第7515号。
Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.同上,第976卷,第14152号。
A/58/124, sect. II.A.A/58/124,第二.A节。
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2005 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.06.XI.2), para. 208.联合国,《条约汇编》,第520卷,第7515号。 同上,第976卷,第14152号。 国际麻醉品管制局2005年报告(联合国出版物,出售品编号:E.06.XI.2),第208段。