E_RES_2003_37_e_E_RES_2003_37_c_EC
Correct misalignment Change languages order
E_RES_2003_37_e.doc (english) E_RES_2003_37_c.doc (chinese)
E/RES/2003/37 Strengthening alternative development through trade and socio-environmental preservationE/RES/2003/37 通过贸易和社会—环境保护加强替代发展
The Economic and Social Council, Recalling the Action Plan on International Cooperation on the Eradication of Illicit Drug Crops and on Alternative Development, adopted by the General Assembly at its twentieth special session, which states that alternative development is an important component for generating and promoting lawful, viable and sustainable economic options to illicit drug crop cultivation, that States with illicit drug crops will need continued funding to support national efforts to eliminate drug crops and that the success of alternative development programmes depends, inter alia, on the long-term political and financial commitment of the Governments of the affected countries and the international community, Reaffirming Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 45/14, in which the Commission invited Member States to make more comprehensive and determined efforts in the area of financial and technical cooperation aimed at promoting alternative development, including, where appropriate, preventive alternative development, and urged the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to enlarge its base of donors and to use available voluntary resources to increase the financial and technical assistance that it provided to alternative development programmes, including, where appropriate, preventive alternative development, Aware of the importance of programmes promoting alternative development, including, where appropriate, preventive alternative development, Urging Member States to consider that the presence of illicit drug crops and illicit cultivation and production leads to the degradation of the environment, Noting with concern that the existence of illicit crops and illicit cultivation and production seriously damages the environment and causes severe socio-economic problems, in particular for highly vulnerable populations, and that effective crop control strategies require an integrated and balanced approach, in particular alternative development, including, where appropriate, preventive alternative development, 1. Urges the United Nations International Drug Control Programme and all Member States to continue to cooperate effectively on programmes to promote alternative development, including, where appropriate, preventive alternative development, in accordance with the provisions of Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 45/14; 2. Calls upon the international community and Member States to promote an economic environment that is favourable to products from alternative development and that facilitates the access of such products to international markets as an effective and efficient means of eliminating the illicit economy; 3. Reiterates the necessity to encourage access to international markets for products, including produce from alternative development areas; 4. Urges Member States, in accordance with the principle of shared responsibility and as a sign of their commitment to the fight against illicit drugs, to extend cooperation in the area of alternative development to include technical assistance, support for the protection of the environment, sustainable development of forest resources, creation of social and productive infrastructure and promotion of private investment and agro-industry, as well as facilitation of the access of alternative development products to markets; 5. Calls upon Member States to share their experience in programmes to eliminate or reduce illicit crop cultivation, thereby taking into account common socio-economic and environmental factors, and to encourage the participation of local inhabitants in such programmes; 6. Encourages Member States, multilateral financial institutions, regional development banks and non-governmental organizations to focus attention on measures designed to protect society, in particular, highly vulnerable populations, and the environment from the harmful effects of illicit drugs; 7. Resolves to promote the implementation of programmes of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, subject to the availability of voluntary funds, which might be from general-purpose funds, in accordance with guidelines adopted by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, or from earmarked funds, and programmes of other relevant organizations for alternative development, including, where appropriate, preventive alternative development, through an integrated approach to the development of vulnerable areas that includes strategies for the preservation of the environment, security, monitoring, education, health, sanitation and community development. 44th plenary meeting 22 July 2003 General Assembly resolution S-20/4 E, paras. 8 and 9. Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 2001, Supplement No. 8, Part Two (E/2008/26/Rev.1 (Part II)), chap. I, resolution 44/20, annex. --- 2 1 United Nations E/2003/INF/2/Add.4经济及社会理事会,
Economic and Social Council回顾大会第二十届特别会议通过的《开展国际合作根除非法药物作物和促进替代发展行动计划》,其中指出,替代发展是针对非法药物作物种植而提出并促进采用的合法、可行和可持续经济发展办法的一项重要内容;有非法药物作物的国家需要不断得到资金,以支持本国铲除药物作物的努力;并承认各项替代发展方案的成功尤其取决于受影响的国家政府和国际社会作出长期的政治上和资金上的承诺, 重申麻醉药品委员会第45/14号决议,麻委会在该决议中请会员国在以促进替代发展(酌情包括预防性替代发展)为目的的财政及技术合作领域中作出更全面和坚定的努力,并促请联合国国际药物管制规划署扩大其捐助方的基础并使用现有的自愿捐助资源增加其对替代发展方案(酌情包括预防性替代发展)的财政和技术援助, 认识到酌情包括预防性替代发展在内的促进替代发展方案的重要性, 促请会员国考虑到非法药物作物及其非法种植和生产的存在造成环境退化, 关切地注意到非法作物及其非法种植和生产的存在严重损害环境并造成严重的社会经济问题,特别是对极其弱势人口而言;有效的作物管制战略要求采取综合平衡的办法,特别是酌情包括预防性替代发展在内的替代发展, 1. 促请联合国国际药物管制规划署和所有会员国依照麻醉药品委员会第45/14号决议继续开展有效的合作,以实施酌情包括预防性替代发展在内的促进替代发展方案; 2. 呼吁国际社会和会员国作为铲除非法经济的一种行之有效的手段而推动建立有利于替代发展产品并有助于此类产品进入国际市场的经济环境; 3. 重申必须鼓励替代发展地区的产品进入国际市场; 4. 促请会员国根据责任分担原则,并作为其对禁毒所作承诺的一种表示,扩大在替代发展领域的合作范围,使之包括技术援助,环境保护支助,森林资源可持续开发,建立社会基础设施和生产基础设施,促进私人投资和农产工业,以及便利替代发展产品进入市场; 5. 呼吁会员国交流实施铲除或减少非法作物种植方案的经验,为此应考虑到共同的社会经济因素和环境因素以及鼓励当地居民对此类方案的参与; 6. 鼓励会员国、多边金融机构、区域发展银行和非政府组织重视旨在保护社会特别是极度弱势人口和环境免遭毒品伤害的措施; 7. 决心在现有可能来自符合麻醉药品委员会通过的准则 的普通用途资金的自愿资金或来自专用资金的自愿资金的情况下,促进实施联合国毒品和犯罪问题办事处及其他有关组织的替代发展(酌情包括预防性替代发展)方案,为脆弱地区的发展采取综合办法,包括环境保护、安全、监测、教育、保健、卫生和社区发展等战略。 2003年7月22日 第44次全体会议 大会S-20/4 E号决议,第8和9段。 《经济及社会理事会正式记录,2001年,补编第8号,第二部分》(E/2001/28/Rev.1(Part II)),第一章,第44/20号决议,附件。 --- 2 1 联合国 E/2003/INF/2/Add.4 经济及社会理事会
Distr.Distr.
: General: General
15 September 200315 September 2003
Original: EnglishChinese Original: English
03-52327 (E) 05110303-52326 (C) 041103 051103
*0352327**0352326*